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TextratB xv. 



Applj to "Dw Ultor of tha Momlu Chaieh lOBdlun,- at DgtIilAgBi— Aln : ta>B« 

IIbtM n^n, Kn. »1 Boiulni iL Saw Tork, ud ta h«^. >. BmOAdCT, Ho. H 

Bw* (t AiUddrUa; « ■* ttw BnUuni'i XrtiUlAinali it XannO, 

UUi, laBOUtor, (to., PunnlnBl*) wd B*l^ D. flwltiu. 




IttoroDittji (^jdftf f li iiltac4lahg. 


, - ■ COIVTESI'S. 

FOREIGN MISaiONS. OMisiiBD, N»w Hwwlwt, - ' 

Lichtenau, (niOi a Vi««> ■ ... 

IiCUct fii»ii ht. V. Mueller, .' - , . 

- Lrltar from br.G. M. lUrer, Prenlerictsthtl, - - ' - 

SOUTH AFHICA. I.«tOT* ftombr.C. H. Kalbing, 
: ' . >• •■ T«utsdi (GenadeDM) 

" " A. Bonats (Sbiloh) 

-■'■■■ "^ " F. Wj Klinghmat, (E»on> 

COtrSECHA^mOn.'^ *)ta New Cbiudi at Uiiaiteii%uMteii, Ohb, 
INCIDE:N'r»'ir6nt.JtQf>ort« of Home MiarionMJM in Qnaaaj '., 
ACKXDWLBDGMENT. Camdwi V«lley,M. V. . r 
I ,-#rATeMENT«f the S«»tcntaUo!.-Diai'«iJ, Maj 31«(I8M, - 

Latten ^[Toin Iv. A. M. IverseM. WiaconuD,.. ■ r 

." ''' '• Cbas. Bamlow, Iniliana, ■ 

" " Kaltimtirunti, New York, ■ -'■ 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS of CotiUibutioiiB andSubicrfptiona, 


bi;tui.ehem[ : * . 

-. ' ■ : ■ i ' 


-Apptff to " Mb EiHIor of the Moravian Churek Miecellany, 
AUo .- Id Raid. Damd Bigkr, No. 6S3 MooBtoh at. F 
Hcvd. Edui. Himdlkakr, Ho. 7iHaait.Phila'.i 

or at Iht Brttirtti'i Ettabiidumata at Hazaric 
LUiz, etc, Penna. .- and Sakm, N. Caroliii 

"Qie MoraviaB floarding Schevl 

'Hcaacit: ^tmsxtLt rdn boys. 


Northampton Connt;, Pennn. < 


BOjtMi— taMlndmgM^uhiog.'Be'la'ndBeiMinK, Fyr)n>()Li^U, and Tc- 

• maiT in oil branehei not ileaignttted as extra, PFrQuarttr, $B0. — 

BvM* G,»»B«»_Lee«)na in Frewd^ - - - " .3 — 

'" ■ Drffwing, . ■ - - ■" ' '8 ;— 

" Painting, - - - " 4 — 

" on the Piatia, iiu4iid>ii««riBeot InctmuMti ,B-^ . 

Rkt. Lrtiw T. Kcicbkl, PrineipaL 



lUoraDtan (ill)urc[) ItlisceUans. 


(Tim " Pniodisil AomuBti,") 

Nbw-Hekrnhdt. — The misBionarieB at New-Hermhut expnsa 
tliemselTea somewhat concerned at the Bpiritusl stale of Iheir con- 
gregation, and especially at that of the out-dwellern, who can ub- 

' fortunately enjoy but little of their foBtenng care. Yet even 
among the latter, the Lord be praised, life from God is here and 

. there observable. We add, as an instance, the literal translation 
of a letter from an assistant teacher in the island of Umanak, 
which he wrote last winter to the n 

Mt Belovbd Tbachers, 
" I write to you how I am getting on at this distance from you. 
Not nnfrequenlly, when I am rowing in my kayak, 1 go ashore, 
fall down upon my face and pray to my Savior with many tears. 
Then I feel that He hears my prayer. I also contemplate often 
at sutrh times the wonders of God, in heaven and earth, and think 
of Him, who eave Himself to be crucified for my sake, and am 
able to ihank Him, with a loud voice for His love. 1 likewise 
o^en pray, that if my aged father (a faithful assistant) should de- 
part, the Savior may bestow upon me something of the spirit that 
dwells in him ; because I feel myself a great sinner, and my 
thoughts are so easily turned away from Htm. Some time ^o I 
- quarrelled with my wife, who auista me in keepirig school, because 
•he had not done u I had bidden her. Bat imiit«)ialely I thought 


4 aRKSiiLun. 

of (be pufigfl : " Judge not, that ye be not judgeil."- After tbie 
I wai again friendly with her. But nevertbeleu I am often dia- 
treased about myaeir, because I perceive, tbat the enemy Iriea to 
seduce roe to do that nhjcb ia. not rirbt. The thought haa often 
■inick rofl) that the Safior might cnooae a more faiUirol achool- 
asaiatant than myaelf for the people that inhabit tbie ialand. 
Write aoon to roe for my ihelruction. I aalute you atl. The 
writer of tbia letter ie John." 

At Kvmok, the nadre uaiatant Apkthah departed this.]ife vary 
htppay. The Greenkoder who brought the newa of bia^lMih 
to New-Herrnhut, gare the following parliculara : " When br. 
Jephtbah, after having been ailing for a long tiroe, perceived that 
bia 4b(1 was near, he aent fcr ai«, and raquealed roe to invite all 
the brethren and sisters to a meeting round bia aick-bed. I did 
ao. He had bia full presence of mind ; and when we sang hymna, 
he joined us with a clear voice. When the brethren and sistierB 
had withdrawn, he eallwl meofice raore, kisaed ne, and bade nte 
farewell. I asked him, how he fell in the prospect of his depart- 
Mtt. He answered : "I Smvery happy, and rejoice to be soon 
with my Savior." I then left him, and on my return, found him 
lying with his face oir his bed, as peacefully as if he was slumber- 
ing. I approached and touched him, and behold I bis ranaoroed 
soul had already taken its flight to glory. By his death he re- 
miiiiled us of the words: "Verily, verily, I say unto you, if a 
man ketpRtytayiDg, he shall nerer tee death. iahnTiii. 51. 
It'is'my greatest desira, that when I die, Imby fall'salcep^ahap' 
'pily and Phnerliiliy eslbia'servant nf the Lord." 

In October^ br. Herttrlch ^d a visit to the ont-dweUMS, who 
live scBtteredalong the fiorde. He was everywhere oordudly re- 
tMiTed, and attentively tiaWDed to, when he addneased the people, 
cither publicly dr in private conrerBation. At Knrnok alBe,'tha 
Greenlandera belongiag to ^e Danish Mission attended the mee^ 
ing. ■' I may well aay," writes br. Herbrich, " that the gracious 
presence of our Lord was perceptible in this assembly. After 
the weettngi I eoaverasdaepMratdy'ivtlfa the aaaialants, bringing 
before ibeir ninds the importance of their office, and exhesting 
Iheroto inaraased coBseicatiDnsneesaBd <Elilhfulncae in- the dis- 
cbaq^ of their -duties." 

fir. UlbriohtipBid a visit toKattgek. "IfooBd KCcsmmodMiona," 
hc-wril«a, "in'theihotae of the natioHalasiiataiit, ifenry. Thia 
is-'bufU bf wood,4ad provided vtth aatove, a aheal of draweia, 
• table, and evisn a olOck and pieturM in frames. LesnveiMd 
wtlh'tdl'tfaB brediMii-«Ml>sietert'MeidiBg'alibie(il«teiandhad thua 
■an epporiunilr, aeeonUngltf'lfaeiDaatnre-afgpice which the Lord 
(gwe^Met lorfffMak 4» (faeiribeam. Al'HgfatiaeT«ral-bfe4lH«DipBr- 
''<faHD«i V'hfHDB'-'taiwi im Cmr ptrt$v<1pith i»id«gKe rof oorwttMaa 
-%liMi l<iilito Mtoaiabed nw. iTbejiomg <ftoiii weilten .tDusic, 


which 1h. KleinsHmWh h«d ^vmihmn, and mtAt/h,ihey Md me, 
llwy apein ths^hit ijf (riiif^ widi Itrem W aIl^eir»i>e(!Wioin. 
I sAemrda «d<lreMed Ihem »m <he wm : "Sorely, I come 'qviek- 
ty.™ Th« home was filled with attrativc iiateiters. At break of 
4afj, bH KmemMed for moming-prayere, anfl I addressed ihCTn 
again briefly, Wfion lafcing teave of i»e, aFl of them wished M> 
«rprem to me their heartfell " KwJBTiak" (thjmlw) for (he viajt," 

Br. KleirtRchmidt ^vee tbe fonowing partiralars relative lo 
the newlyestabliflhed inalitRtinn for -the training of national assia- 

" Thin iiiBtihition was opeMcl, October 24d, wifh six younf 
Oree Handera. One of them, oriled Zewia, n a dfscemlant of 
0fmie/, a wtHl known nKtionel-amivtant in ibe first times of W^v 
Hermhul. Another called Simeon, is a grent-grandsoti of a grand- 
chilil of the first conv«n of the Greenlandish nation, Samuri Kay- 
ttmak. These two are very hopeful pnpils. What has been ef- 
fected duriag the past winter, can only be called a Breparaiion of 
the ground. Their progress has hitherto beenimpeaed by variona 
cireumeimcM : among the real, by their inabilily to read fluently, 
which, howe*er, ihey have now learnt ; — the pressure of want, 
to which the Greenland families, among whom they lived, were 
sttbjeeted, and which makes it desirable that we shwild be able to 
provide them with board and lodging ; and laatlT, the indifierenM 
and mental dnlnew of the Greenlanders. This'taat and greatest 
inipedimeDt will likewise he surmounted, whenever the Lonl » 
pteased to renew their hearta." 

Br. Kleinschmidt then proceeds to give the foflowing account 
of 8 voyage, to visit ihe oiil-dwellers, undertaken last summer ;— 

" About the herring-seaaon, 1 paid this year also a visit to that 
poition of oar congregation vhieb reside along the fiorde. I made 
ibe voyage thither in our herring-boal, and returned In my kayak. 
Our bay, called Balls river, is divided into several branches, of 
which the middle one extends 48 miles into the country, the others 
about 1« miles. The former, of which the farthest extremity is 
surrounded by lofty glaciers, is "never free from ice. We' direct- 
ed our course final to the northern brancii, proceeded from thence 
to Koraok, situated on the middle, and from thence to the herring- 
fishery, on the south side of the eouihern division. There were 
on board, besides myself and two female servants, seventeen per- 
sons, whom. we took with us, because they wished to visit their 
relations residing at the above-mentioned {riaces. On the 30lh of 
May, we set out, driven by a rough snow-wind, which, however, 
■brought OS on nsuch quicker than would have been th« ease, had 
we been solely dependent on Oresitlan^Ksti rowers. We proceed- 
ed on that day as far as Karostik. 

Seven familiee, eonsiating of Ihtrty-eii permns, 4iTC ihSrein m 
•o-eaHed improved Gvemlahd hoAse, that is, « -Wooden^'baiWng, 
/ 1* 


tneh u the colonitU have ereciad in nnmben for Uia u^vm dof 

ing the lut years, for pay msnt. The sudden he&t produced hj 
the iron-store in them, is no great improvemeat on the mare mn- 
ial warmth which is gradaally produced by an oil-lamp. The 
roof ii less light than that of a proper Greenlaod house covered 
with sods. The building, of which I am speaking, was already 
in a state requiring complete repair, the second year af^r its con- 
struction. It was twenty feet long, twenty feet broad, and six 
feet high. Sereral of our company being likewise quartered in it, 
we had scarcely as much air as the negroes in a slsTe-ship. Be- 
sides this, a fire was immediately lighted in the store, to boil meat 
and fiah for the strangers, and this was kept up till the morning. 
I succeeded in finding in a lent a lesting-place for the night — for 
which I was exceedingly thankful, though it was so cold that the 
■now began to M. The ereaing was spent in the house, in con- 
rarsation with the inhabitants, who i^omplained sadly of the straits 
to which they had been reduced during the winter. Their nation- 
al assistant, Charlet, told me, that he and hb family had been 
obliged to eat two large lent-skins. On the following morning, I 
took him and his &mily with me, as they desired to go to the 
herring-fishery ; and onr company consisted now of twenty-five 
persons. Had the good people exerted themselves in rowing, we 
should have reached the place of our destination the same day ; 
but as they did not do so, we had to Ue to about half-way, near 
Komok. At that place, there are eight Greenland houses inhabi- 
ted by fifty members of our Church, and some bdonging to the 
Danish Miasion i a European trader resides likewise here, in or- 
der to buy from the natives various articles of trade for the colony. 
The following day, being Sunday, divine service was held in the 
forenoon, at which I also employed the above-mentioned helper. 
Uaving left here several persons and taken in others, we contin- 
sed our voyage to the island tJmanak, and from thence to the her- 
ring-fishery, where we found six tents. These belong to the in- 
habitants of Umanak, who had repaired hither to catch herrings. 
Both die people and the tents were in a very poor and ragged con- 
dition. The herring fishery must be carried on in boats ; but, 
possessing only one boat, and even this being out of repair, they 
had not yet caught more fish than would have been sufficient for 
one person to live on during the winter. Not having seen these 
people since Isst year, I staid with them a whole day, to converse 
with them, and to hold a meeting, at which all attended. Hence 
I returned in a kayak, accompanied by a youth from New-Herra- 
hul, whom I am in the habit of taking with me on similar expe- 
ditions. I made only short journeys ; for rowing in a kayak — 
here the quickest and beat mode of travelling — is exceedingly i»- 
liguing for a European who is not accustomed lo it. I first re- 
uned Vt the ialand Umanak, in order to speak once nora with 


the people Ihers. We then reached & laiga island, which sep«- 
ntefl (be Bonlhern braoch of the fiorOe rroni the middle one, and 
■ailed along it; we met, however, with so much Ice, that we eoald 
advance no furlher, bat had lo land and wait. Here I made my 
dinner, consistiog of a piece of dry bread dipped in muddy 
water. — .Meanwhile, the eea wag again navigable, and we now 
reached, without any di^cuUy, a place which is called the Sea- 
gull Comer, on accounl of the abundance o( Bea-guUs, which 
build their nesla in the clefts of tbe highest rocks. Here the 
coTrents of the southern and middle branch of the fiotde meet 
together, TenderluE the sea difficult to pass at flood-lime, owing to 
tbe masses of floating ice. We passed it al low water, but en- 
eounlered, nevertheless, much ice. Thence we were accompan- 
ied, at a considerable distauce, by flocks of aea-fowl, which we 
had scared up whilst sailing under the rocks, especially storm- 
birds {Una grylle), and elub-auks {^Ica torda), which build ihsir 
nests rather low ; less of the higher nestling sea-pigeons (Larut 
tridaclylua). Tht sea-ga\]a (Larua glaucut), which inhabit the 
■ammits of the clifls, were not disiurbed by us. We observed 
several of theui pursued by arctic-gulls (LeHris paralitica.) The 
latter live on the fishes, of which tiiey rob the sea-gulls ; they 
punne tiiem, until tliey drop ihe iieh they have caught. The 
plaintive cry of the sea-gulls, when thus chased, resembles so 
much the voice of a crying child, thai 1 sometimes mistook it for 
that well-known sound, forgetting for a moment in what an unin- 
habited corner of the world 1 was. 

When gliding across the waves in a kayak in this vastsolitude, 
surrounded by the wonders of nature, it is quite strange how in- 
clined the mind is m indulge in fancies and reveries of all kinds. 
I can perfectly understand, how people, with so lively an imagi- 
nation, and so limited a knowledge of (he laws of nature as the 
Greenlanders, may often fancy to hear and see that which does 
not exist in reality. 

At Korook, where we arrived before the flood-time, I took up 
tny quarters with Frederick, the successor of our aged Jephthah, 
in the oflice of national assistant. He inhabits a large Greenland 
house, which, in comparison with the dwellings of tbe other na- 
tives, might be almost called a palace. 

I DOW made an attempt lo enter the noilhern branch of the 
fiorde ; great masses of ice forced me, however, to return and to 
direct my course towards a spot opposite Kornok, called Igdlun- 
guit. This place has been inhabited from time immemorial. 
Last year, when a plot of ground was levelled for Ihe erection of 
a honse, a harpoon waa found, of quiie unknown workmanship, 
9nd evidendy pointing to a very distant period. At present two 
families reside here, one of which I saw for the first lime, for they 
have never vieiled New-Uermhut suioe my arrival at that place. 


Thfc Ikniflf had a pquhive, almoBt heathenish aipeet. T^e 
itibtr, ihough af a l^hur complexion, wai quite dis^elin^ on fle* 
count of iu filthinett. The members of (lie Uller exproMed to 
me their great regret, ihnt, owing to iheir distaace from our settle* 
ment, they were altogether deprived of the means of grace ; and 
the wife, more especially, complained, that she had not been for 
years to partake of the Holy Communipn. " When that lad was 
my youngest child," she said, pointing (o a boy of about five 
years of age, " I. went for the last lime to New Herrnhui." This 
is the consequence of the scarcity of the umiaks, or women's 
boats. Among the 1 60 Oreenlanders who reside along the fiorde, 
there are unhappily only four such boats to be found ; and in our 
congregation, consisting of 426 members, only ten ; and not above 
30 to SO peraons can find room in a women's boat. WhitM the 
meat-kettle, with (he contents of which, notwithstanding my pro- 
tsatationa, we were to be treated, was boiling over the fire, I held 
a meeting, endeavoring to lay hold of their hearts by the Word of 
6od, which is so scarce among them. 

In the evening i returned to Kornok, where I again held divine 
service, and examined the children. When I was going to rest, 
late at night, my host was much concerned, because I had not yet 
eaten anything in his house. I refused all hie otTera, and lay 
down ; he would not, kowever, accept my refusal, and brought 
ne some ftesh boiled herrings, fine and large, and carefully select- 
ed, saying : >' Thou hast come hither on our accounl; now allow 
me to shew thee a kinifneas." I could not resist his well-meant 
offer. On the following forenoon, 1 took leave of the people al 
Kornok, and proceeded as far as Karosuk, twelve good miles from 
thence ; 1 bad, however, to go on shore for a while, for sitting in 
s kayak with outstretched lege, which can be neither stirred nor 
moved, is extremely fatiguing. At Karosuk 1 held a meetir^, 
towards evening, and addressed the company with peculiar ear- 
nesiness, as the families residing al this out-station belong to those 
who are going rather backward than forward. The helper, OAarfes, 
had kept school only five limes during the whole of the winter, 
«)d I found, consequently, the children rather ignorant. We eon- 
versed afterwards on various topics, and I took occasion toimpresa 
upon them several considerations io reference to their temporal 
eondilion. This appeared to have some efiect, (hey promised at 
laast to procure a boat, which they might easily do, if they all 
meiB to join together. I rather dreaded my night quarters in this 
liouae ; partly on aoeount of the heat, (as 82 persons were here 
crowded together, and the steve was oonsianily healed for the 
sake of boiling meal), and partly on aeeoirni of the vermin. Hotv 
*v«T, when on the place where I vas to rest, the liaH-tiving ikina 
bad faeen removed, the boards turned, and two new seal-sfctns 
•pnoa^oai, I had no rpasMilo fear moM tlnn the ordina^ miiaaiit 


of ducomfatt. Tfae beit.wia likewve tol<nbl«, thank* to !))« 
many holes in Ibe windoHfl and walls ; so that the night waa, af- 
ter all, bettor than aiigbt have been expeoted in a den like thii. 

Early the nest morning we took our departure. The wind 
turning against ua, its gusta became gradually atronger, and the in- 
tervals between ihem shorter, tiil at last it blew with violence, pro- 
ducing a wild and boiaterous sea, to encounter which was no easy 
task for a person aa little experienced in the management of a 
kayak as myself. About an hour's distance from New Hermhut 
I landed again, intending to walk the rest of the way. But find- 
ing my path much obstructed by ice and snow, and very danger- 
ous, because a single slip of ihe fool would have precipitated 
me into the abyss, I was obliged to return again to my kayak. 
We reached New Hermhut at nine o'clock at night, having abun- 
dantly experienced the Lord's protecting care. I had seen on my 
voyage many tares among the wheal, but also, I may well add, 
many an incontestible proof of the continuance of the work of 
grace in the hearts of the members of our scattered flocks, to the 
praise of the mercy and patience of the Lord." 

LiaiTENAU. — The missionaries commnDteale the following in 
reference to the spiritual state of this flock : " Our congregation 
has auatained a painful loss by the departure of our aged national 
aasisUnI, Benjamin; yet the lively faith in whieh he left thia 
world gave ns ample reason for rejoicing. He had always faith- 
liilly attended to the duties of his office; and (hough he used to 
speak out more plainly, and reminded his erriug brethren of their 
faults more earneslly, than any of the other helpers, which the 
Greenlanders are iu general not n^uch inclined to take in good 
part, they all loved him aa a father. No festivity was arranged 
without his being invited to it. He always knew how to lead the 
conversation in an edifying manner, and nobody ever dared aay 
anything that was unbecoming in bis presence. He used regular- 
ly to visit the out-dwellers, even in his old age, when he could 
drag himself only with difficulty to ibo sea-shore, leaning upon 
two sticks, and requiring the assistance of other peraons to gel in> 
to his kayak. His discourses were very much valued, for in them 
earnestness and love-were duly combinsd. On the Sth of August, 
he addressed the congregation for the last lime, exhorting them 
.mostimpressiv^y lofoUow Jesus .faithfully. Towards the con- 
elufionof his die course, he said : "I have again received a letter 
from one of our .ftllo w.-belie vers in ihe East'r-(an esteemed friend 
of anrMiBsion in Germany) who loves us very much, and praya 
-jDfteafor.tia tO' the. Savior. He exprowes his joy on accfuntof 
.ma^y things which heihaa beard of you ; bu,t now he inquires d'- 
ter the mam point, and wishes to know, whether aU of y/OU truly 



believe on Chrisl, and love Him vith all your hearts T What am 
I to answer liim ? 1 am afraid lest I should not slate the tmth, 
were 1 to wriie to him that this is the case. Oti let us all make 
new efforts ! Would thai none of us might continue indiflerenl ! 
The Savior will give us His grace if we ask Him.*' On the 3d of 
September he left this world in peace His loss will be long and 
painliilly felt. 



For the celebration of ChriBtmas mnnj ont-dwellere had repair- 
ed hither, among the reit nearly si) the people from the eo-called 
" Large'Iilaad," the field of labor of our national' assistant ^mata; 
and this festiral prored a seaaon of rich blessing to both old and 
young. December 34lh, the children remained on the open place 
in front of the church from early morning, in espectation of the 
Christraaa-Eve aerfice. Several anthema, which they had prac- 
tiled t>erore at school, were sung by them on this occasion, with 
faces beaming with joy. Nearly all of them appeared in new 
dresses, which was rather a matter of surprise lo us, as the seal* 
hunt bad by no means turned out a very successful one; however, 
the parents had done their utmost lo cause plessure lo their chil- 
dren, and to give evidence of the high importance they themaelvea 
attach to the celebration of this festival." 

From a Lttttr from Br. V, Muditr, 
We visited siso last year all our outposts. In the " Lsrge 
Island," where ^mata, the most active of our assistants, resides 
with about 40 persons (he ministers to three places with about 80 
inhabitants, and is much beloved by his countrymen) I felt quite 
at home among the brethren and sisters. I held with them, be- 
■ides the customary discobrses and reading, meetings for singing 
and prayer. Much would be gained, could we but visit our out- 
dwellers more frequently, especially during the winter ; but the 
climate of the country places almost insurmountable obstacles in 
oor way. 

In September, br. Warmow and myself visited the out-dwellers 
on the Sermelik fiorde, 20 miles from Lichteaau. Great joy was 
produced amoog them by the distribution of tracts, translated and 

ginted through the kindneas of our esteemed friend. Dr. Barth. 
n our voyage home, we were exposed to most imminent danger, 
when being obliged, for an hour's time, to contend against the 
drift-ice, and (o employ hatchets to clear the way before us. Our 
boat sprung two leaks, and we were now obliged to use all our 
exertions to bale out the water, which continually rushed in, and 
thus prevent the sinking of the vessel. One time we stuck fast 
upon an ice-field, of which there are many below the surface of 
the water ; and we expected, every moment, that our boat would 
be destroyed by the ice ; the Lord, however, protected us g^a- 
eiously, gave us our lives for a prey, and bronght us home in 


Exiraei 0/ a Letter from Br. 0. JU. Ihrer. 

FsxBiuouTiML-^jHtaiiinBit^k'MnpMgn oti}iMihmk'b»m 
(Iw Knt-coaa^ fouctaen iiioiiinber,«rov«lMd'>eitlfli hsN- Tikttt 
leal inlaaming, Umr aUefiti«n>at DlHireh(.*«LttiMr«hal*dmMMK 
or througlioyt ibe winiM, have givsn m modi aalia faw hin. 'Kim- 
adult* hav« been received inlft the elua of cindii]iia»faii baptinnt 
a privily which appeara Ux have bees a nMlter of j«^ amiitth- 
conragemenl to liieta all. iinotliM haailw* faseilyt fFh« knd reair- 
d«il for some jreara in oar vicinil}'. haire iQ««edhitker,.aBd-Wfraie- 
abte to give ibem the iMtimoay, that, they haw beaoi ragnfawat* 
teadaBt* al the houae of God. Of ihoaa heathao wliohare limd 
among ui for BOise tunc, an. old gpaadTWidieF was bajiltaed laMi 
year into the deeub of CltriaU She nltai— d to' tbia^ peiribfe on 
her death-bed, and soon after fell happily aaleep, in liwly faHkriM 
her Redeemer. A married man and two youths were likewise 
added to the charcb by baptiam, and three adults, who had been 
baptized last winter, were admitted to the Lord's table. 

The instructioff imparted t» our eataelHukeaB> traO evidently ac- 
companied with a blessing, and the chnrcb and schools were veil 
attended. On tbe other hand, we have to complain of the demor- 
■lization of too many of oer ouvdwellers. Even some of otir 
own congregation retained from their suniiiier dispersion in a slate, 
which reduced ns (0 the painful necessity of excluding Ihetn from 
the congregation. Our earnest and affectionate exhortations did 
not, however, remain without a good effect. Haay of them bVf« 
since acknowledged their sin, and ahewa sorrdw and repentjUcei 
and they appear to have become attentive 10 the voice of the Holy 
Spirit in their hearts. 

To our great regret we received two rescripts from tlie Tnspec- 
lor, Capl, Rollboell ; the first of which contained a prohibition to 
allow any members of our Sock, who have once left us, to return 
10 our settlement. The other was verbatim as follows : " I have 
orders to communicate to you, that, agreeably to a resolution of 
March 24th of this year, it has been determined, since an under- 
teacher has been appointed by the Danish Mission to the south of 
Fredarickalhal, that the missionaries of the Brethren's Church 
shall no longer be permitted to receive into their community any 
heathen that may come to them ; all these are to be directed tO 
the Danish Mission." We have, of course, tfaongh with deep re- 
gret and reluctance, complied with these orders. 

NoTB. The settlement of Fredericksthal was established with 
a view to the conversion of the descendanta of the ancient Nor- 
dianS, or Horth^men, the only heathen still existing in Greenland. 
They cannot be visited in their dwelling-places on the East-coast, 
that coast, thoueh formerly accessible, tieinc now surrounded with 
perpetnakice ; Uiey come, however, not anfteqaently, on their ex- 
peditions as fii as the South-point, where Frederickithal is situ- 



aled. Muiyof these ftsiierahavr remained there; otlierB broiight 
the Gospel which they had heard at Fredericksthal to their coun- 
trymen ; and we have reason to believe that neatly the whole of 
the people on the Easl-coasl are already in some measure acquaint- 
ed with iU Our missionsries witl now in future be con&ned to 
.the care of their own congregations, and compelled to refuse ad- 
mittance to these heathen. We would only hope that the Danish 
Mission, having reserved to itself the labor among these East- 
landers, will in fuuire do the more for their iostruclion and con- 


The intelligence received from our brethren at the Cftpe of 
Good Hope, within the last three months, presents but few strik- 
ing features. The war with the Kaffirs, protracted and calamitous 
beyond all- previous experience, continues to be productive of fre- 
quent alarms and much distress of various kinds, throughout the 
eastern portion of our mission-field. 

A very interesting circumstance, attending the progress of this 
unhappy war, is the removal into the colony of about 7000 Fin- 
goos, previously inhabitants of Kaffir-land, the friendly disposition 
they had manifested towards the British having increased the dis- 
like with which the Kaffirs have ever regarded them, and render- 
ed it impossible for them to remain where they were. Being thus 
providentially delivered from a slate of temporal thraldom, it is 
earnestly to be hoped, (hat they may be led to seek after that spir- 
itual liberty, wherewith Christ alone is able to make them free. 
It would seem, however, as if the only practicable mode of bring- 
ing the gospel to them, at least for the present, was thai to which 
br. Koelbing refers in his letter of Feb. 23 ; and our readers will 
doubtless sympathise in (he wish that he expresses, thai the Breth- 
ren's Church may be favored to take part in so good and desira- 
ble a work. 

Extracts of Letttra from Br. C. R. Kalbing. 

Genadbhdal, Jan. 22nd, 1B52. 
Dear Bbothbr, 

The past year brought with it many and severe trials for our 
South African Mission ; yet we have much reason to thank the 
Lord, for having mingled mercy with chastisement. Have we 
not reuon to be thankful to Him, that our brethren and sisters. 


14 MirTV iniCA. 

with their children, were able to conclude the j^ear in Shiloh, in 
good health,— that Eaon has b«en spared, — that (he Flngoo por- 
tion .of the Shiloh congreKation have remained faithful up to the 
present time. All these (hinga and many others are subjects for 

Sra^lude, and they encour^ us not to despair, but to rely confi- 
ently on the divine help. Our brethren and sisters at Shiloh ex- 
press their gratitude for the lively sympathy shewn, and the lib-' 
tnA assistaoce rendered, .by their brelhren and sisiers and frienda 
■n Europe, to repair the losses and relieve the distress of tbem- 
■elff s and their flacks i but we are sorry, that the roads are too 
unsafe to forward to them the presents which have been already 
receired. Heanwhife, it does not appear that they or their chil- 
dren have suffered actual want. 

Fa. Z3d, 18S2. 

WjS ihankftaHy acknowledge the receipt of lOOf., the grant of 
Ike Soeieiy for the Furtfaeranee of the Gospel, qnd the present of 
H/., iVom enr venerable friend and brother, Jas. Montgomery, of 
WieffieM, to help us in affording assistance to oar missionaries in 
tfaa Esatem stations, «nd to their flocks, in this season of distress, 
A portion of this sum will be appropriated for giving timely aid to 
Enoh. Br. Lehman writes, that die com and the garden-crops, 
which had laoked very promising, were scorched by the sun and 
drought ; and that Enon is now almost deserted, the people beii^ 
eompeLled, by the discontinuance of the rations, to disperse in 
search of emjidoyment forihe supportof dieirfamilies. Wt hope, 
however, that he wi!) be able to bring back as many as are want- 
ed for the proteotion of the place. At present no Kaffirs are to 
be seen in that neighborhood. The cattle of the Enon pe»ple 
are dying away In the Zitzikamma, a country well known as nn- 
■uitsble for cattle. 

With the troops returning from Kreli's country, 7000 Fingoos, 
with 16,000 head of ealtle, arrived in British Raffi^ria, because, 
ktving rendered assistance to the troops, they could no longer re- 
pain safely in Kaifraria. Where they will be settled or located 
is not yet determined ; but, at all events, their arrival promises to 
open a new field of missionary usefulness. Even although we 
should not be permitted to gather them, or any part of them, into 
a regular miss ion ary-settlement, conducted in accordance to our 
own rules and regulations, I do not see why we should not make 
application for leaye to preach the Gospel to the inhabitants of 
Fingoo villages. 

We have received a letter from br. Bonatz, dated January 3d, 
front which I extract (he most jmpoflRnt portions : " Yo)i ^sk, 
bayr we are situated as to teipporals, and you express sonie ap- 
prehension lept we should be reducei) to cousiderahlf pmWrt^s- 
meii^i. ^e s^ioul^ |n«leed b^ so, fif ^ yrt mi been qhle tfwi If 



nn nmeAing by tlie mtll, by leading out our wagon, and by the 
sale of forage f\iniished to GovennDcnt. Coffee, rice, add sugar, 
and everything, are very high in price ; and we shall likewise 
have to buy our meaL Ae for corn, we have hitherto not yet been 
obliged 10 purchase any, excepting when we were at Colesberg. 
In about a forlnighl we hope to have our own com safely housed ; 
and as the harvest has turned out very pleniiful, we shiill he able 
to sell part of it. The Fingoos are very grateful ihat we have re- 
lumed from Coleaberg : iheir wheal and Indian corn look beauti- 
ful, and though they have Inst their cattle, they have now at least 
the means of subsistence. 

Whilst General Somerset and Captain Tylden, with nearly aU 
their forces, were in Kreii'a country, the enemy concerted a well- 
devised plan to destroy Shiloh, Whitllesea, and Kamasione. In 
the night, from the 9d to the 4th of January, aeveral kiVEtla were 
attacked, mueh cattle stolen, and, as is reported, two women shot. 
On the 4th of January, therefore, the remainder of the garrison ■ 
of Whitllesea went out to re-capiure the booty from the enemy, 
and the place was almost [le«eried. While we were just finieh- 
iog the first bymni before the sermon, the rumour was spread that 
ttuB Kaffirs were advancing H> storm the place. All hurried out of' 
the church. Dark masses of Kslfirs approached both on horse- 
bsek and on foot, whp had evidently only waited for the with- 
drawd of ifae last defendera. The sheep, goats, and horses of 
our Fingoos fled with their herdsmen into the settlement. Great 
was the conatemalion and confusion, and ihe cries of the womm 
and children filled the air. Fii^oo and English womm 
tbrongtd towards the church. We did not know whether we 
should remain at home, or seek also shelter in the church. Mean- 
while, the hostile bauds of horsemen rapidly approached Shiloh and 
Whiitlesea, and crmsed the Ktipplaat. From Whitllesea,vannottr 
were discharged, but to no purpose. Between Shiloh and thai 
place, some hundred goals were grazing ; upon them the Kaffirs 
precipitated themselves like hawks, and carried them off. They 
then rode round the whole of the place to rob and plnnder ; on 
which occasion br. Kschischang was exposed to imminent danger 
of life, on going out to bring our horses into a place of safety. 
From a neighboring hill, three hostile detachments were pouring 
down, BO ttjat we were now surrounded on every side. The lat- 
ter endeavored to lake the horses, but were repelled by a few 
shots. Behind Whittlesea, another detachment approached, the 
atrongest of all, and carried away all the cattle that were graiing 
on the mountains, — about 1000 head of ihti Oskr^-Fingoos, and 
a great number of sheep and goals. Perceiving, however, that' 
our cattle alone was their object, our hearts grew lighter. When 
these detachments retreated with their booty, a few Engliabnen ' 
and Fingoos pursued after ihnat, sad', wooderlul to relate, they re- 



took more Ihnn hatr of (he cattle, and all the atieep and goals.; 
One Englishman and twelve Pingoos recovered from a hundred 
Tamhookiea, whom they put to ftighi. 300 head of catlle. The 
enemiea appear to have had acarcely any powder, and when they 
saw ihemselvea pursued by ■ handful of men, they took to their 
heels like cowards, many leaving their tired horses behind. 

From the above account, you will see how graciously the Lord 
has protected ob. To Him, the Preserver of our lives, be all Uie 
praise. We commend ourselves to your continued fervent inier- 

Extract of a Letter from Br. Tailach to the Miision- Board. 
Gemadehoal, March SOih, 1852. 

It is remarkable, thai, at the very time, when there is a proa- 
peci of our being rid of the nuisance of the liquor-atores, the Iiord 
gives us an opportunity of erecting additional altars for Him. 
Our out-preaching place Twieatwiel, the properly of Mr. Linde, 
about IS miles distant from hence, is inhabited by 25 families, 
with about 100 children. Hitherto we used to preach and hold 
meeliugs in ibe house of a colored person, but (he place ia by far 
too small. The people now desire to have a house built, in which 
only Divine service and school may be held. Mr. Linde shews 
himself friendly to the undertaking. When we solicited his per- 
mission, he not only granted it, but promised to fumiah all the 
timber, and to encourage the people lo liberal subscriptiona. If 
this work be of God, He will perform it, and give us His bleaaing. 

A. similar neceaaity appears lo exist at Houtkloof, where the 
present place of meeting is too small for the number of the inhab- 
itanls, owing to which many of ttia neighboring farmeia are de- 
barred frum attendance at the house of God ; we shall, therefore, 
endeavor to find the means for the erection of a small church at 
that oul-post. This cannot indeed be done without contributions 
from ourselves and others. We therefore purpose to open a sub- 
scription in ihe district about Houikloof, and all trust, Uiat we 
shall have the aanctiun of our brethren nt home lo this good and 
desirable work, and their fervent prayers for the succeaa of onr 

Extract of a Letter from Br. A. Bonatz. 

Dear Brother, Sbilob, Feb. Slh, 1852. 

Your kind letter of November 14lb reached me on Ihe 9ih of 
January, and convinced me anew of the cordial and sympathizing 
inietest felt by our dear brethren and sisters and friends in Eng- 
land, in our disirening situation. This is, and always will remain, 


m iolereeuon, who lift np their haadi to the Ihrono of grace oi 
oiv M)a]fi ud w^. by their liberal contributiona, give evidenec 
(rf' the love of God that dwells in ihem. 

Tou inquire, whether the Fingooa conatitated tha greater pot- 
tiea of 001 icouregaiim. Previoaa to the wsr, our eaognfitiiRi 
Wiabwad 40 HoHeiUola, from ao lo U Tambookiae, ^ abrat 
50 Fiogoo familiita. From former lellers, and froai our Diary, 
you wiU t)ar« learat, that the TambookiM with Eaw pzeepBOM, 
Jeft ua ai ihi I iinniiriii iiiiinii nf ihn n ni rinilintiraii irinhrniight 
to our o*|i gate). The priaoipal qaotive of Ibair ooitdaet wm 
fear. Tiiey were sunmoBed by the emisiatiep af their ebieb Id 
^tar« to their couw y ; i{ they refuaed to do ao. they were iaamt- 
ed to death, (ggether with all the Europeani. The paaia vaa 
eooQ sftread ataong them ; and wheu Bome began (a leavf aa, ihr 
Others could not be kept back. Pattaera saw Ihair ctiildren depan, 
and deolaretl that they could not aiay behind r bafAii^ woaaen, 
wlien their husbaada left them were at inl inetioed to aay : "Let ' 
them go, w« will reraaia here ;' but aoou after tbey too foUawied. 
We have wilseaied the mental atrugglfls of raany who aeemei itt- 
ferly at a Ion what part to uke ; tluy would cry and Ireekbk, 
now reaolving (o leave ua, ihen again chaogii^ their mind*, aad 
fieelviitg ihey would not ; but nt laat pei-mitliAg themeelfM to ke 
mrried along by the atreani, Tlie defection of the floitenlote ap- 
pears lo me 10 b&Te bean chiefly occaaioned bylheir iaaproper if- 
leiie to repBin neutral. Thii was the aDaie the Kafin Uid far 
ibem- They iirooiised to spare the Houentota and their nrapat- 
XJ, if the latter would aaaiat ueither the Fingooe nor ifae engUak. 
This attempt al neutrality could not but render than eiufMMd, 
and create enmity between the Hottentots and Fiii|;oos, especially 
when the cattle of the latter wwe stolen by the Kaffira, and the 
former would not assist in protecting or recoTering them. At 
length, matters went ao far, diat the Hollenlots had lo be declared 
as rebels. All the eudeavors of the Kaffirs to gain the Pingoos 
»vtr to their aide were inpffeetual] the more eo aa theae raoH we 
inveterate enemies, the Fingoos having been formerly the slavee 
of the Kafiira. The extermination of the former was therefoft 
resolved upon. The Shi|oh Fingoos, who are serving in the ar- 
myi have attained the highest praise from their officers, pn aciiowit 
boih of their obedience and their bravery ; not one of them naa 
loat his life in this war. They attend our evening and Sunday- 
services very numerously ; and on Sundays, many are obliged to 
listen before the doors, the school-house not being aufficieatly lai^ 
tp contain tbent. 


SatnM tf « iMer from Br. F. W. gHttghanU. 

Enon, Feb. SOih, IBftS. 
Dear Bkothkk, 

Tbeie lul monthi we have been allowed to apend in compara- 
tive trmquiUtjr ; we an, however, itill SDrroDnJed by the KaAra. 
Thus, only on the 3d of January, tweUe head of cattle belooging 
to oar people were Btolen, nor could they be retaken, though ttw 
mannaera were imiaediaiely ponoed. The delicate alate ot heallk 
of br. and ar, Iirhnum oalliif for my return to Enon. I with ray 
fonuly and the majority of our fugitive flock, chiefly women and 
children, left Clarkaon on the 2nd of December, and arrived in 
aafety at Enon on the 10th. Since that time, we have condnued 
to lire quiedy, thoa|h the cireumitances of oar congregation sk 
aoeh aa to give ua great uneasinesa. Till January the I2th, they 
receired rationa from the Government ; but these have now ceas- 
ed, -vnd no employmeot being to be obtained for the Hottantota. 
the gardens having been neglected during the war, and drought 
and acarci^ of water prevailing, there is everywhere great dia- 
traaa. Many have already ieli us, and still more are proposing ta 
do so. In times of peace, we might be leas apprehensive, but 
unhappily the prospect of a speedy termination of the w>r is very 
doubtful. The place being deserted by half of iu inbabitanis, the 
qneation ol^n arises in our minds, whatwitl become of ds, if the 
Kaffirs ahould make a fresh irruption into the colony and in greater 
Bumbera. Bnt we will east our harden upon the Lord, who has 
hitherto preserved Enon, and who will not withdraw from it Hie 
BMrcifnl protection. 

JANUARY lat, 18U. 

Doily Word : — " Tdrn thoo ne, and I shall be turned ; for ihtra 
art the Lord my God. Jer. Bl. 18. 

, , ^nu. 

To ill etasllf. 

Doctrinal Text : — Jesus Christ the same yesierdey, and to-day, 
: and fot ever. Heb. 13. 8. 

Vtr It Own HIT otiwr wts—luto Um boll plwa,— Bat Okilit aha MA •■» w 
m< Mwd md rir'-'— — — 

We have placed, at the head of this article, the above Scripinra 
Texts, with a view of recommending to the notice of our readers 
a imall and unpretending tSnnual, pnblisbed i^larly, ever si«ee 


Ihe JOT 17S1, by tfM Chmehi^lke UnUtd or Mormim Sf*< 

rm,' which lUDSt be familiar to the me'mbera of our own commua- 
ion, but may not be so well known to the rest of our Chrlsiian 
friends in this country. It is entitled : 

We reprint the following preface to the Teit-book for ibe year 
1631, as furniahiog the history of Uiis annual publication, whilst 
wC would recommend a* a simple, but approTed manual of devo- 
tion for the family or the closet, at horae and abroad ; to be profi- 
tably used in connexion with the chapters of the Bible and the 
■acred songs of our Hymn book, from which the Scripture lexla 
and the stanzas of verse, applying the subject, are selected. 

The Text book Is printed at Beihlehem, from the European 
editions, in the German and English language, and may be obtain- 
ed at any of ihe Brethren's establishments in the United States. 

The Daily Words and Doctrinal Text* of the Brtihren's con- 
gregations — 1S3 1 ■ 
The commencement of a second century in the annual pablica- 
liou of this selection of Scripture Texts for each day in the year, 
calls for an expression of gratitude to God our Savior fitr the ben- 
efils which have resulted from this publication, which appears an- 
nually in three European languages ; and for the divine blessing 
which continues to rest on its daily perusal, both by the members 
of the Brethren's Church, and by a numerous circle of their 
ChriaUan friends of other communities. The idea originated in 

, the mind of the late Count Zinzendorf, who will be held ingrate' 
fnl remembrance, while the renewed Unity of the Brethren exista. 

-.Soon after ibe spiritual revival of the Moravian emigrants, whom 
he had received on bis estate at Benhelsdorf in Upper Lnsalia, a 
district of Saxony j and while Herrnhut (as the first settlement of 
theae descendants of the ancient Bohemian and Moravian Breth- 
ren was called) became an asylum for an increasing number of per- 

' aons.from various places, seeking, together with the salvation of 
their souls, the means of daily edification in Christian fellowship. 
Count Zinzendorf, among other methods for promoUi^ and keep- 
ing alive the spirit of devoledness to God, adopted, as early as 
Hay 3d, 1728, the custom of giving to the congr^ation at Herrn- 
bltt a4>>l7 wktch-word, is, in allusion to a military practice, il 


WW taXM. " One of die EMmv, id the ipqwl, viiitod fl*Bh fMB- 
At erery morning. Before he look his round, he went to ibe 
MiniBter, who, from a Miection of leita written on slipa of paper, 
gave him one, designed to supply the congregation with a iiubjeel 
of meditation fur the day. The visiter, when he entered ibe 
honae, read ihii text lo the inmaies, addreiaing a enilable eihona- 
lion. In 1781, a beginning was made tu print ihie collection, and 
in 1740 it WHS enlarged by the addition of a second text for each 
day. Since then, this practice has been rpgularly continued. T\m 
■election is made by the Elders' Conference of the Unity, in t 
toll meeting of the Board, and stiflieiently early in the precedinf 
year Is be forwarded in time to their aeveral congregaiioae ud 
Hicsiunary aialivns. It ccnaists of iwo parts, iJie former con Uin- 
iog texts from ibe Old Testament, and the isiter from the New. 
wilh the addiiinn of a few lines from a hymn, by way of anti- 

eione, and peraonsl application. The fi»mer texts, called the 
aily Words, are drawn from > very numernus oolle<rtion, wliife 
ibe latter are chuaen from the liookB of the New Teeument, and 
are designedly adspied to days and subjects of commemoration in 
the Christian Church in general, or in the Brethren's Unity in 
particular. As the texts are varied every year, almost every pas- 
sage of Holy Writ, profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correo* 
tion, for instruction in righteousness, is, in course of time, intro- 
daued; while those texts wbich teach the essential ddctrinea of 
the Cbristian faith, occur more frequently. 

In the estimation of ihe Dreihren, the value of this collection 
has been confirmed by the nxperi^nce of a eenlory Not to men- 
lioa the benefit derived from it by individuals in their private de- 
'votions, it has served to cherish a eoroiBunion of feeling and epir> 
alusl ei^ymeni in the Church, however widely its member* are 
«epar&ted from each otber. Often, also, have the texts for a par- 
tieular day or week, been strikingly adapied to m in isler comfort 
or euBonragemeai W cotigrega lions and iDditiduale, on oceasieM 
■of peculiar trial ; so murh ao, thai if these trying ooenrfeneea 
soak) have been previonsly known, it would have been almoal 
imposaible to have selected a passage from the Bible, either of 
wamiag, or admonition, or promise, more anited lo the cirouai- 
^stances of the afflicted congregation or individual." 

May this manual of daily devotion continue, and by the bhss- 
ing of God, in an increasing measure become a bond of broAoriy 
vnion to many ; inay those who open ii in the morning of «asn 
day, through palienee and comfort of the Bcripmree, havo hope ; 
may they, iMiead of confining their atiention to the isolated pas- 
'■^•e in ihie book, be moved diligently to search the sacred vol- 
ume in all its parts, under the guidance of thai Spirit by whoee 
liBspiration holy men of God spake and wrote; and many « ni- 
.ted saerifiue of prayer and praise be thus made lo aeeend to Oed 
from many hearts I 



1. Within the last weeks, the letters still due from Predeiicki- 
that in Greenland, came to hand. Twelve aduIlB and four chil- 
dren from among the heathen residing there for some time, were 
baptized; New people from among the heathen, applying to our 
missionaries, are, by order of Government, to be directed to the 
Danish Mission. It is to be regretted, that Greenlanders, belong- 
ing to Predericksthal, when removing to out-places, often choose 
to locate, where there is no resident assistant, to hold meetings or 
to keep up s school for their children. Along with complaints of 
indifference on the part of members, our brethren report some en- 
couraging facts in regard to the spiritual state of their congrega- 
tions. Iq externals, the mild winter and early spring had been 
favorable to the pursuits of the Grecnianders. Three individuals 
had perished, while out in Iheir kayaks. For the gifls of love, 
sent by brethren and sisters, and friends of the cause, our Green- 
land missionaries at all (he stations testify their gratitude. — 

2. Br. Mallalieu reports the safe arrival of the Harmony in 
England. Br. and et. Knauss and the widow er. Koemer, with 
four children, were on board, and all well. They had a tedious 
passage, on account of frequent storms and rain. — 

3. Br. Haeuser at Basseterre, St. Kitts, informs us, that on the 
4tfa of July, seven heathen had been admitted to the church by 
holy baptism. They were slaves from Africa, rescued by the 
British. There was a great lack of business and consequent pov- 
eriy in the island. 

4- Agreeably to advices from br. Wullschlaegel, dated Para- 
maribo, Sept. l?lh, our missionaries were all well. The training- 
school at Beckbuizen bad been visited by the Governor, who 
evinced a lively interest in the institution. — On the 16lh of Oct., 
br. and er. Theodore Cranz and the widowed sr. Bau left Zeisl 
for Nieuwendiep ; and ou the 23d, br, Stanke, with his child, 
landed there in safety. In the course of the voyage, they had bean 
exposed to great danger from the coUision of their ship with anoth- 
er, in a stormy nighl ; both vessels, however, were mercifally 
preserved. — 

6. Letters from South Africa stale, that onr miseionanes at Shi- 
)oh and Bnon were well, up to the latter end of July, and that 
nothing of moment had occurred. Still, as long as the war con- 
tinued, these stations were not out of danger. 

6. Br. John Rogers, senior minister at Fairfield, England, was 
consecrated a bishop of the United Brethren's Church, on tile 
19th of Sept. at Ockbrook, by br. Benjamin Seifferth, attitted by 
br. John EI)U.— 



On the II tfa of Oct. 1853, the widow tr. Sarah Joanne SHnJu, 
Isle Reich, whose maidenaaine was Greene, departed this life ai 
Bethlehem, in the 76tfa year of her age. She had, with both her 
boabanda, sefved the Lord Id several of our eongr^tjons i& Peiw 

CDmnnlloa of the new Chnnh it BudeBkiettti, Sbit. 

The weather daring the week preceding tlw day »f c 
tion hsring been unfarorable, we were ao mueh the more rejoieedi 
when the long wisfaed-for day, Sunday, the 2Iat of No*., dawned 
upon ns clear and bright, attracting many, even from the distance 
of 16 mriee, to the eoletnn acene. Never before had lo great a 
eoneonrae of people been collected in tbia place. At 10 o'clock, 
A. M., the doora were opened, and die beU was rung for the first 
time. Soon after, the sound of the Irombonea waa heard fh>m 
the steeple, and all now flocked lo the sanetnary, whieh jiae filled 
before tlia ringing of the second bell. Many of enr friends and 
neighbor! having to stand in the aislea, our fai^fiil cbapel-serranta 
were actire in accnmmodattng them wiA additional benches and 
then with temporary seats, all of which were soon occupied, b« 
that Uie children had lo be arranged on the steps of the pUtfom 
in front of the pulpit ; but even then, a number had still to remain 
standing. The choir from Canal Dover opened the service with 
the hymn : " Come, Holy Ghoel, eome. Lord our God Ac." — 
ihns attuning our hearts lo devotion. 1 then performed the eonee- 
cratiou service, and offered up the prayer, dedicating this house t» 
the Triune God; after which, the Te Deum was sung by the 
choir. A hymn by the congregation followed, when br. Holland 
of Dover preached the first sermon, from Oen. 28, 17. — " This 
is none other but the house of God &c." — in the English lan- 
guage. Great silence and attention prevailed. After tha firai ser>- 
mon, the choir chanted Uie fiord's prayer. — At two o'clock P. H., 
the Rev. Mr. Price, of the Presbyterian Church, preached from 
Numb. 10, 20. — "We are journeying unto the place, of which 
the Lord said, 1 will give it yon : eome thou with us, and we wiH 
do thee good; &c." — and immediately after, br, Wunderling of 
Sharon, delivered a discourse in the German language, from Rev. 
3i 30. — » Behold, I stand at the door and knock &c."~-At the 
commencement of this service, the choir had sang a German an- 
them, and at the close : " When the Lord shall build apZion Scti." 
—followed by a hyptu, en the partof dweongregalten, ands tafte 
by the choir of tromhones. — 

In (he evening, br. Arthur L. Van Vleck preached from Luke 
4, 8.—" Thou shalt worship (he Lord, tby God, and him only 


fbdl than serre," — and then tbe Rov. Mr. SaDtom.of tbe Metb- 
'pdiBt -Church, from Rev. 19. 10. — "Worship God &c." — The 
(ihoir had suDg : " Thanksgiving, honor, praise and might &c." — 
at the comipenceinent of this service, which closed the solemni- 
ties of the first dny, a day, truly, nhich the Lord had made, chai^ 
Scterized not only by the perfect order prevailing amidst the multi- 
tude assembled in the Lord's house, — by corapuiatinn, upwarda 
of 1000, great and small, — but also dintinguished by the devotioD- 
al feeling which pervaded all the exercises, and which was a new 
evidence to us, that the Lord is a prayer-hearing and answering 
Ood, and that he not only blessed us with hie divine presence 
when met for the last time in ihe old church, but, in answer to 
onr Bupplications, took possession with us of the new tabernacle, 
there to manifest his power and grace by awakening;, eonverting, 
Itren^enii^, Gomibriing and eaiabli^hiflg eoule opoa iiUQwlC the 
rock of our aalvation.— 

Jtfonday, the 32nd of Nov., came on. with a cold rain, conltnu- 
iMg nearly throughout the whole day ; rendering us doubly tbank- 
iuT, thai the preceding day, allotted io public services, had proved 
jlo favorable^ whereas the second was inlended for onr own con- 
fr^alioD in particular, and for such as have tasted the iweetneos 
of the communion of aainls, and who are not easily deterred by 
^tresB of weather. Of this we had abundant evidence, in as much 
» our chureh wag nearly as well filled as on the first day, by 
Rumbera, not indeed of our own people exclusively, but also of 
pui Dover and New Philadelptus membtrts, and of the Sharon 
congr^ation in the morning, as well as neighbon of othprdenon- 
ioationa, anxious lo share ihe blessiogSi so graciously vouchsafed 
t/a us on this solemn occasion. At lialf past ten o'clock, A. M., 
.afler an English apthem by the choir, I preached in German frojo 
tbe 133d fsalm,— ,-■' Behold, how^ood aod how pleasant it is for 
brethren to dwell together in unity &c."— After an iatermissioa 
pi about an hour, we (net far a general love-feasl, at which hr. 
QoUaod presided ; br. Wunderlii^ assisting the choir, which nag 
neveral Germaa anthems, and al the close i " Lord, dismis* tw 
Tilh thy blessing &c." — The brn. Holland and Wunderliog nov 
te^Hrned to their homes, without being able to take part with us ip 
lb« communioa-st^rvice, which closed the exerciser of these fiwl»l 
days, when the numerously assembled mewhers of our congrc^i- 
tion, and the cowmunicanta of other denominations, who paiioofe 
yith ua of the sacramentBl feast, once JDore experienced (he blawf- 
ed oearpesp of Him, whose dying love we thus jointly camfa»»- 
pnOed. ^rom the fulness of our beariR, we were ensblfld, ^\ dw 
flofle qf onr aolemn celebration, to unite in singing: '■ We noT 
^fHroi each to his tent," etc., " Thy death, diy wuiu)ds |ipd pM- 
|lpl>>— T^'de our h«aru' cpnfiuBi9Dr--(4ll we nl^l wte tbira iv» »/> 
ftie^'VPy W W»OHWt >bif WW Ihp n)«M ovinen)iii«»iiimtvHiw, 



(hat had ever taken place at Gnadeahtietlen. May the Lord grant, 
that the blessing bestowed may be productive of a lasting benefit, 
not only for ourselves, but for all that were present ! 

Thursday, Nov. 25th, we observed as the day of thanksgiving, 
recommended by the Governor of our Slate, There was a sermon 
preached in the morning ; but the incessant fait of rain precluded 
our aflsembiing for evening service. Next Sunday, by divine per- 
mission, the missionary festival is to take place at Sharon. 


(TmulUed bj Br. B, Beinks.) 

InddetUs from the Report of a Brother, laboring ia L, Sileiia. 

Travelling into Bohemia, I passed through the frontier town of 
Liehau and several Bohemian villages, mostly inhabited by Cath- 
olics, in order to disiribut« religious tracts among the ignorant 
population. A Few weeks later, the aforesaid lawn being almost 
wholly destroyed by a conflagration, the large and beautiful man- 
sion of our friend, the Baron von B. was likewise reduced to ash- 
es. The famdy, as well aa most of the citizens were unable to 
•ave any of their effecls. During a fire in another village, in the 
circle of Strehlen, last suoiraer, two of our sisters, with their sick 
mother, who had been confined to her bed for a twelvemonth, and 
whom I had viailed just before the great fire, eitperienced a gra- 
cious protection of iheir lives and property. Late in the after- 
noon of that day, the two sisters had proceeded about three miles 
to the village of Schcenbrunn, in order there lo attend the month- 
ly missionary concert of prayer. Towards the close of the meet- 
ing, they were alarmed by the cry of fire, and hurrying out, soon 
leamlf that the flames had broken out in the village, whete the 
(wo sisters reside. While returning home in great trepidation, 
they beheld one house, after the other, seized by the devouring 
element. Their collage, standing among straw-covered cabins, 
they felt certain, would likewise be consumed. Most of all, they 
were concerned about their sick mother, whom ihey had left alone 
locked up in the house. But here again was a proof of the 
watchful guardian care of the keeper of Israel. On their approach- 
ing the village, they discovered their cottage indeed brightly illu- 
minated by the flames, but uninjured. This cottage, with its two 
rooms, was, like a few others in the town, furnished with a tiled 
roof ; but that was no safeguard against the flarfies, inasmuch as 
other massive buildings, the property of the lord of the manor, 
irere consumed, together with all the articles saved arid deposited 
diers. The greater part of the eonsiderable vill^, owing to 



the h^ wind prevuting, beeane « heap of amoking rtiitta. Tb« 
liitle coU^, with its «msll rod lile roof, now stands fortii amuif 
heaps of rubbish, as a monnmeiit of divioe mercy. The two' 
•isiers, with their sick mother, have coosecraled their cottage to 
be a Bethel, or house of God, in which they will ever remember, 
how gracious the Lord is. 

Af^r finishing; their day's labor aad atteoding to their cattle, 
many from the country assembled late in the evening in a moun- 
tain village, BO that it was near 10 o'clock before we could open 
the meeting. A scoffer, living hard by, ridiculed the people as 
ihey were going to church ; and under the very windows of the 
room, where the meeting was held, behaved in a very indecorous 
manner, railing out against the cause of the Lord and his adher- 
ents. We never suffered ourselves to be interrupted ; nay, we 
enjoyed a blessed season of refreshment from the presence of the 
Lord. But oh! how awful a scene were we called to witness 
next morning ! The Lord himself had interposed. During my 
visit from house to house in the village, I met a great crowd tff 
people, surrounding a wheelbarrow, on which lay a man, half 
dead and covered with blood ! It was none other than the scofier, 
who had been arrested, early in the morning by the arm of the 
Lerd. The unfortunate man had gone, as usud, to his daily la- 
bor in an adjoining stone quarry, and had plunged headlong down 
a Tocky precipice. At the time I fell in with the crowd, he was 
being carried, uDconscious, maimed, bruised and bleeding, to his 


The Tnutew of Ihs Cundcn Tslley CoDgr^ation, But Salem, Washiilg- 
Md eonn^, N. Y., t«ke tbi< madiiMl, to thank thoM MsadB, who kindly (ap- 
plied them with fundi for nukiBg adm* ueceiraij retain «t thair Oburch 
hiiilditi(. Owing to varioaa outlaya daiiiig the pun year, it wu foond im- 
poinble to niae rafficient money fcr (hi* otgecty^and theretbre the readineN 
oT diatant and unksowD bieOiren and frienda, la asaiat oa, it the more srMa- 
ftllly aeknowledged. 

Vonnbw fltk, llSt. k balialf -of thk Board of tniitMb 

NoTB.-^n the HiBiatera' T>ir«etory, pabliahttd in the Dacenr- 
ber number of Ihfe Hiacellany. the names of br. John R. Smith, 
■t Salem, N. C, and of bt. Rcgenass, at Litit, Pa., were iuadvtr- 
lenlly o ' 



. n 

1 iss 1 1 

sUiti ■ 


■ ■ .'S • 












■S SO B-S 


1. Extraeti of ktten from Br. A M, henen. 

a. On Sttard>7, Febniarv 2Ut, I Mt out, acwnpuied 1^ mjr 
wife, for CoofMntown, wher» we.ftrruied tiMrard» evMiing. We 
were very cordisUy lecfiired, lod it wu evident, thtt our wriW 
was watcomed by the actders. On Ssnday, I had two meeliDga, 
which were atUnded by all tlio Danee and Nprwe^ana reiidiiig 
there. Some Wflfe much affacted. I scatterad the good leed in 
hope. May the Sktiot aoim gather a rioh haFrest of tonla I B*- 
sides them meetinga, w« visited a family, who were afl hsp^ to 
see ue at their home. We tarried u thia setderaentt until Weil- 
needay, the Sftth. in order to pay a riait to every family ; and in 
the course of theae visits, I wu refuatedly imporMnad, to live 
among them as tlwir iB^iater, ta which, of course, I could not aw 
sent, but promised to vtHit them as oftm as possible. 

When these settlers come to Greeabay,'they ri ways call to see 
me, and freqaently attend our meetings. 

The members of our own litde flock feel deeply indebted to the 
Home MisnioD Society, for still snelaioiig me at my fost ; th^ 
themsel-'es being loo poor. When they get to Stiugeon Bay^ 
ihey hope to do better. The sisters meet monthly, ta. do sonte- 
ihin2 for the Mission ; bot they are few in number, and can d* 
but little. 

From a dear brother in Illinois, I received a very encouraging 
letter, from which it appeara, that the Savior has deigned to bless 
my poor testimony to several souls : the awakened settlers on 
Little Indian Creek also desire me to become their pastor,— u 
invitation, which I cannot thittk of accepting. 

b. On the 4th of May, 1 left home fur Sturgeon Bay. to visit 
our brethren and sisters, and oilier oounlrymen settled there. We 
rowed all day and night, without sleeping, unbl the- aAeinoan oi 
ihe nest day, whm we at length reached Sturgeon Ray, the wiad 
not being favorable. But, aU this toil was soon forgotten, wheirl 
entered the dwelling of some of oi» faithril people, where I m<»t 
with a moat affectionate welcotne. On Sunday, May 9th, we had 
two meetings ; in the first, our friend, Mr. Graham, with his faat- 
ily, was also present, although he could understand but little,— 
and said, he hoped, it woulaitot be the laat time. He eontinues 
to approve himself a true friend and faenefaclor to our people. I 
remained 8 days in Sturgeon-bay, visiting all the settlers, and re- 
connoiiering the country. One evening, rowing along in my boat 
alone, on my return from visiting a dear fainily, to the place 
where I lodged, I passed the spot, where our breihrai hate begun 
to build a ho<|se for me ; and nsling a special impnlse to pray, I 


HOMa'inuioNAsr ntriiuontcil 39 

hoded,' snd the nearnees of the Savior eomforied me inexpreMi* 
bly, in this deep solitude. 

Sobaequentlf to this journey, I have becD confined at home, by 
the BicknesB of my dear wife ; but have found enough, to keep 
me liutily employed. A few days ago, several of my country- 
men arrived here, who intend going lo Sturgeon Bay ; alio three 
of our people from Denmaik. In our meetings, we feel the pres- 
ence of the Lord Jesus, which alone can cheer us. 

c, SincB my last, I have made three journeys ; two to Coopers- 
tawn, and one to Sturgeon-Bay. 

On the 31 Bt of July I proceeded alone, on fool, through a dense 
forest, to Oooperstown, where I arrived at 1 o'clock, and not be- 
ing very much fatigued, I still called on five families, besides the 
one, where I lodged, living at a considerable distance one from 
another, until late in the eveaing. Sunday, the 1st of August, I 
preached in the morning to a numerous assembly ; nearly all of 
the Norwegian and Danish settlers attending, with the exception 
of a few, who were from home. Great attention prevailed, and 
the eyes of some were suffused with tears. In the aflernoon I 
performed a marriage ceremony at a place, distant three miles, 
and returned late to my lodgings. On Monday morning I started 
on my return, my dear wife having been sick, when I left home. 
Several of the settlers had accompanied me from house lo house, 
and one, a Norwegian, went with me to Greenbay, solely from a 
desire to eonrerse with me on the state of his soul. We enjoyed 
a very edifying conversation till we arrived ; and next morning 
he returned, rejoicing. 

Thursday, Aug. 0th, I was most agreeably taken by surprize, 
when the dear brethren Jacobson and Scidel from Bethlehem un- 
expectedly paid me a visit, which proved very refreihing to my 
heart. Bo was the consecration of the new church at Greenbay 
a season of blessing for myself, and such of our people as were 
at home. Of my late tour to Sturgeon Bay, I will merely observe, 
tliat, on meeting our brethren and sisters there, our joy was mu- 
tually great, and I am convinced, the journey was not in vain. 

After my return, I received a visit from a Frenchman, living at 
Sinrgeon Bay, and by birth a Roman Catholic, with whom Ihad 
a long conversation on religious subjects. For some lime past he 
has been reading the bible, which has led him to serious reflection. 
It was affecting to hear him declare his conviction, that a man 
e>n be saved by grace alone, through faith in the atoning sacrifice 
of Christ. AllhoDgh he is not quite at real with regard to his 
own case, his views of gospel tmth are enflSeiendy clear, and a 
work of grace is progressing in his sonl. 

My last trip to Cooperaiawn 1 look on the 4th of Seplttmber. 
alone and on foot, as before. Weary and parched with thirst, I 


kindneas ind hiMpiulit<r of the families I caUod upaa, tbm of 
wlKwJjrwi«d tt;« t^fftp eT^UDf. On 8und>;, S^Mwd^ei Jith, I 
pre»ebfl^ tp a oviintrons aodilory ; the Savior wm in the raiditof 
uBi Kid fome appcwnd deeply imected. Id shoct, I han ranaoa 
to believe, that my viait wai not uaattended with a bleniog' 
TiutK pment eypKRiiof a iri«h. to have another mietinf in tm 
afiernooQ, I made an apppintment fpr three o'clock ; but. just u 
we were assembled, a fire broke out in the forest, ipreadiog rap- 
idly. v)d extending to a field, tbieateoed a barn with dea^nwtion, 
which the people now hastened to aare ; and ifaiu, our ineetii^; 
W>P broken pp. TJie same ereoing,! administered baptism (o a 
child, ^d returned ia^ to my lodgings. Being harvest tiiae, I 
deemed it beat, not (o make a long stay, the poople licing very 
busy ; but tpok leave of my countrymen on Monday noming, 
promisinf;, sooa tn ^ee them ag^n. 

d, Tbe Und we had selected at Slurgeon Bay, to which o«r 
pre-emption right had just expired, has been unexpectedly takra 
ap by another, who intends to build a saw-mill. Our brethren, 
who came from there with this unpleasant news, comforted me. 
bot^ever, with the aBsurance, that they had found a still betier 
tract of land, clow to the water, and farther up the Bay, wbicli 
one of ibep immediately pre-empted. They wished me to ac- 
company them on their return. On the ttsf of September, I 
started with them, and arrived safely the same day. Next day, 
we bad » blessed meeting, in which oui faith, so often tried, was 
(reatly strengthened. On Thursday and Friday we went into 
the vfooA^, and I convinced myself, that tbe newly pre-empted 
tract is superior to the furmer, Edi agriculture, though not so beau- 
tifully situated. Saturday was a stormy day. On Sunday, we 
had meeiiiig in the morning, in the aflemoon a lovefeaat, and in 
the evening we, for the first time in Sturgeon-bay, partook of tbe 
Lord's supper. Oh ! how htppy ve felt at this celebration, the 
fruiu of which, I trust, will remain. On Monday, ve agaiA went 
into the woods, aod were glad to find plenty of good lana^ back of 
the pre-empted tract. This is tbe last porUon of good land to be 
got near the water, on Sturgeon Bay ; and should this again be 
lost, for want of assistance in purchasing it, there would be no 
further prospect for our people there ; should we obtain aid, most 
of our members would remove there this fall. The return-voyage 
from Stu^eon Bay was very tedious and dangerous, occupiag 
eifht days, by (Oason of contrary winds. But the Lord merciful- 
ly inlerposei} ; and Uiif exeursion will ever be remembered with 


r «/ JMm from Br. ChafUt SarHow, to. 

a, Tvo facU «• worthy of mcoliaB. m 'betqf tmiommangt 
Our little Sabbath mHooI has incraMod firoo U to SS ebilJmii ; 
apd^^ ctpfiifflid one p«noii latt Sabbath, who bad beei nMiv- 
ed M a sDcielf moinber ^ome hvcd or eight aonilH pnrioDBt 
«t the Uunilhii] County statioD. The FowktuwstkatdrMd up. 
tnd the logs fvr our chuceh-ediGoe ■» at tb* SHr^iMU. The 
dmrch and panonage botb are ooatncied for. 

b. We have coatiniied to ride, and preach, and diatribMe trMH, 
awl *iail from hoiiae to boun, and to tekcb and adnioaitk in onr 
little Sunday School aa umw), nd with ndiiia^ MicMrageawait 
with tiie exception, that we do not moeaed in f^ttiog Maafcew. 
So we h»ve to do lU the teaoluag onnelvea. We have eoBw to 
the coocluiion, to disooMioua oar monlhly riaito to HaaaiUan Co. 
Il ia -lO milea fion here, whBe there ate aaore deatimie |ilaaeB 
within a aborler dittanoe of home. Our dear bi. JaeobwHi Iran 
your midst la in our neighborhood, accompanied 1^ ht. Claodar 
from Hope. They both preached in onr ^ eohool-hoiMe, mueh 
to our edification and enBOor^ement. Oh I tbia neetiag wtlh 
OUT friends from liome, here in the wilda o( Ae Woat, is a aweed 
but sad thing ; for we scarce can let them go again. 

e. One of the destitute places, alloded to in my laat. it abovt 
ten uiles West, in Putnam Co., and is called " Monnt Meridian," 
situated on the great national road. I feel impelled to go and la- 
bor in such places, though the prospect is gloomy. 

1 have visited the Hunilloa station, sinoe I first hogan there,' 
11 limes, preached 19 discourses, made about BO pastMal TiaiM, 
baptiaed an infant, confirmed ooe candidate, aid distributed tbor* 
400 tracts. 

d. In Ike Mission deparUnent proper, there are some rather en- 
couiagiag signs, which we look npon with trembling hope. At 
'- Mount Meridian," I preached for the first lime Ust Sabbath, 
and the house was full i there being probably some ISfi persons 
within, besidas a number loiierinf outside. A venerable MissioB- 
ary Baptist brother was present, whom I invited into the pulpit, 
and who, at the close of my disaourse, addressed the (ioi^fregetion 
in s few remarks, approving what had been said, and expreeiing 
the glsdnns of his heart, thai so many were there to hasr ; and 
Aat they gave such solemn atleniioa ; and concluded with ^ fer- 
vent and fraternal prayer. I preached again in the aAemoon. IB 
the aame house, to nearly the same number of faearera, who wen 
wry attsBlive. 

Near Ills Bluflfl of WLite Biter in Morfan Ca, I pteached lo 



k full hooM in a Metho^ut neigliborhooil, and waa iirg^nlljr invi- 
ted to repeat it. I promiaed to go again, it beinf only three milea 
from tnj moTning appointment at Waverly. Ttie people all aeem- 
ed to listen with earnsBt attention; 

Yetterday we spent at Danville, (he county-seat of Hendricks, 
1 1 mites distant, where I preached to large and intelligent congre- 
gations, both morning and evening, in the N. S. Presbyterian 
Church, in the place of Rev. Amos Jones, whowns on a mission- 
ary tour to Owen Co., 40 mHes from home. This dear brother 
preached for us three discourses, when we last partook of the 
Lord's eupper here. 

I made two weekday trips into difierent parta of Patnam Co., 
where I had passed lost year, on my way to the Putnam station, 
by invitation of some kind Methodist brethren, and preached for 
them ; and was pressed lo come again. Thns am I frequently' 
urged to preach in destitute places, by Methodists, Baptists and 
Presbyleriane, all of which requests I cannot fiilfil. During the 
past month, 1 have travelled, in pas (oral labors, l&O miles, preach- 
ed II discourses, addressed a school at Springtown ; made 19 
pastoral visits in this neighborhood, and distributed 40 tracts and 
religions papers. The pastoral visits were not con6ned to Mo- 
ravians, but extended to Baptists, Methodists, Quakers, and such 
as belong to no Church, but most of whom would seem to take it 
amiss, if 1 did not visit them. At these visits, I have spent from 
two to four hours, endeavoring to keep up religious conversaikm, 
a good part of the time, and concluding with a prayer, where-ever 
acceptable ; sometimes also lending them a good book. 

To-day, November 4th, by the help of the Lord, we have en- 
tered into a more complete Church organization than we had be- 
fore, and laid the cornerstone of our Church ediSce. We had 
written to br. Clauder, but received answer from him, that eircom- 
stances would not permit him to come and assist us. Following 
br. Clauder's directions as nearly as possible, we laid the stone 
with some ceremony, but in a quiet and private manner; the 
short time, after receiving his reply, and the state of the roads 
and weather precluding the appointment of a public meeting. Be- 
sides the carpenters, and some of our near neighbors, there were 
present the brethren Philips and Spangh, and a Mr. Hein from 
the vicinity of Priedland, N. C, recently removed to this neigh- 
borhood with his family. We sang No. 687 from our Hymn- 
book, and I offered up a prayer, kneeling upon the stone. In 
the cornerstone were deposited : a Bible, Hymn-book, Text-book, 
Catechism, Discipline, and several periodicals, and an account of 
the origin and organisation of this little society, and the articles 
we have subscribed. And now, with the sanction of the Church 
authorities, we suppose, we may call ourselves : " The Moravian 
Home Mission Church of Hendricks Co., Ind." We feel eoo- 


fidsAt. y,oa wU jcrin m in (hq pr^«r, th«l^ tke h^nrnf of the 
Lord ma; atleod what we are tryii^ to aoconpliah in !>»*■ mmu. 

Daily Word : — JVob. 4ih. Enter iala hit gates with thanbs- 
(iying, and into his coucta with praisa ; bo thankM unto him, : 
and bleas his sams. For the Lord ia good ; hia mcrc^ is 
everlasting ; and his trnih endureth to all) generativna. Pa. 
100. 4, 9. 

«, Last S^batb, for the first time in mj lifs, I was prevented 
by sickness from going to preach, accordlBg to appointment ; it 
was to be at a destitute plaoe, called Beibauy, where I had been 
pressingiy invited to come. But, while prevented from going to 
a distance, I was so far recovered, that I was able lo go out ; and 
being the first really pleasant day we had in a month, and a Sab- 
bath, too, I felt, as if called to carry a messBge lo some one ; so I 
saddled my horse, and set out to visit a poor, sick woman at 
Coateaville, who has lately moved there tioiD a distant part of the 
stale, with a huaband, and fiie.litde children, I found her still 
on her bed, as I bad seen her before. She had lost all h<^e of 
recovery, thongh she complained of nothing' bittweakneea, brought 
on by chills and fever. 1 spoke of the Savior, and asked her, if 
she believed in Him T " O yes," she replied, " I beliew in him, 
and have tried to do right* as well as I could, hot have never 
joined a church." With her consent, I read a portion of seiip- 
ture, and concluded with prayer. — when she warmly thanked me, 
and said, she would try to trust in the Lord. After dinner, we 
visited a sick woman, hard by, a dear old simple-hearted Baptist 
lady, with whom we have apent ntany profitable hoars, both in 
sickness and health. I read a ehapier and prayed, and took leave. 
We then repaired to the house of one of out; brethren, where we 
had a little family prayer and singing meetit^, and tben returned, 
about SDU-set, to oar quiet cabin. Uiankful to God for giving incli- 
nation and strength to spend Hia day thus. 

At the Waverly station there was nothing new, al my last visit ; 
bat at a Methodist church, called Sbiloh, about three miles distant, 
where I preached in the afternoon (for the second time, at their 
urgent reque^) there was a fulK house of very attentive hearers^ 
1 was urged to leave anolh« sppoiatment for my next visit, at 
Mooresville, seven miles N. W. of Waverly* on mv route home- 
ward. In regard to this ceUEel aMIion, we think lAare has been 



« mulnd inprovenrat of late, in the attendance, even while'the 
roads have been getting worse. 

Our Sunday School ia doing finely. There aeems to be a real 
intereat among the children. They come through deep mud, 
', Bome of ibem two miles, and come regularly. It does odt hearts 
good to see them, and notice how attentive they begin to be to 
what is said to them. The pnblicalions of the American Tract 
Society, we think, are bleised to some of them. O how delight- 
ful it is, to witness such tokens for good ! 

3. Extracts of lettert from Br. KaitaArunn, Ntw Tork. 

a. Since my last, I have, in the course of my visits, besides 
meeting with many unbelievers, frequendy encountered very stren- 
uous Romsn Catholics, who with great joy predicted the speedy 
destruclion of Protestantism. With several other Catholics I was 
enabled to converse cordially on religious topics, without, however, 
touching upon their church. 1 also met with some Catholic fami- 
lies, who had left their church, but had fallen into infidelity or in- 
differentism. On the part of the families, repeatedly visited, I 
found partly a more friendly, partly a colder reception j the latter, 
probably arising from an apprehension of my pressing them more 
earnestly to attend our meetings,— •while they are entirely averse 
to church-going. 

For once again I discovered a former member of our church, 
a married woman, who, while single, had lived fen years in one 
of our German congregations, and was a resident of this city for 
four years, without having become acquainted with our English 
congregation or its pastor. She seemed much pleased with my 
visit, and now attends our meetings. The number of hearers has 
not increased much ; some being added, but others removing, for 
lack of employment. 

The contemplated arrangement in a northern portion of the 
city has not yet been accomplished, for want of a suitable place. 
The idea of removiqg (hither I am also compelled to abandon, on 
account of its remoteness from our place of worship ; but, in or- 
der to be within a reasonable distance of both points, I have taken 
a dwelling at No. 362, Tenth Str., between Avenue B and C. 

In the person of a young brother, by the name of Guenter, 
from Newdietendorf, I have found an ' occasional assistant. He 
has been recently appointed a eolporter of the Tract Society 
among the German immigrants, and jointly with the missionary 
D. conducts divine service in Greenwich Str. On a late Sunday, 
after our second service, I preached in the Emigrants' house in 
Canal Str., to about 100 Germans, who, for the greater part, lislen- 



ed with fixed attention, and, when I retired, expreesed a wisfa, 
that I might repeat my visibi. Lait Sunday, br. Guenter preach- 
ed there. The field of labor in ihie city is extensive enoagb. 
May the Lord own and bless my feeble endeavors. 

b. Infidelity and irreligion seem to spread among the Germans 
here in proponion to iheir want of emplnymenl. The lower 
their wages for all manner of work, the greater their dissatisfac- 
tion with the existing state of things, and their Btriving after earth- 
ly gain. The, existence of God is doubted, because, if a just be- 
ing governed the world, there would not be such disparity in the 
circumstances of men, nor so much injustice and oppression ; or 
the blame is cast upon the rich and the clergy, the former being 
the oppressors, and the latter doI laboring to apply a remedy for 
these evils. Many, who left Germany, with some religious prin- 
ciples, soon abandon them after their arrival, aod are drawn into 
the vortex of indifierence and unbelief. Prejudiced against all 
ministers of the gospel, they ascribe all their efforts to self-interest. 
The tracts distributed are either not read at all, or if read, are re- 
garded as the offspring of priestcraft, and thus fsil of producing 
the desired efiect. Even members of churches betray suspicions 
of this kind ; and Jews of similar senlimenls there are not a few, 
with some of whom I have had long discussions. 

,The other day, br. Ouenter introduced to me a young German, 
just dismissed from the hospital, without means, work or home, 
without reverence or confidence towards God. Ue is still with 
me, bnt has now found employment The fabric of his nnbelief 
be^s to totter, and I hope, he prays ; although he had resolved, 
not to seek that God in distress, whom he had slighted in pros- 

The number of my hearers, throughout the last montii, was 
from 20 to 40. On tiie 13th of July we for the first time cele- 
brated the holy communion in our chspel, when about 30 persons 
partook, and, 1 trust, not without a blessing. &t the sams time, 
17 persons were admitted as members of our little, flock, one of 
whom has since removed to the country. From Germany sev- 
eral brethren and sisters arrived. Our little society now numbers 
31 communicants. I have married two couples, bnt had no bap- 
tism as yet to administer. 

C Amidst many discouragements, your letter proved very con- 
soling, and refreshing ; and 1 was reminded, by the subject of the 
IStii of November, that the work is Hit, who is the Head and 
Elder of the Chun-h, and who has promised, that his word shall 
not return unto him void, though the fruit may not always a»ear 
according to our fond anticipations. With renewed cheerfulness 
I have oonlinned my viails from house lo bouse. Since my last, 



ifaMe bmitica ban renorod u the country, amonf; lhefe«t one of 
•ix adHlu ; bat senral penoni have bwn added. No farther re- 
mtpralB bsiag expected before next anmnfll, our chapel iriUbe le- 
lained this winter. In Greenwich Sir., and in Bloomingdale other 
churches have been constituted ; still there is scope for my labora 
trft in the latter district. 

Tbe visits I paid in the course of tlie last months, were ohiefly 
in 11th to 1 4th Sir., and Avenue A, where upon the whole,! 
found less open infidelity, but still a great aversion to ehnrch-foing, 
and many Boman Catholics. Many excused their non-atiendanee 
by the remoteness of our chapel, others by the necesHty of Sun- 
day-worit, and still others by snch remarks as these : " We know, 
what is right and wrong, and need no instruction. If inclined to 

Fray, we can do so at home, better than in church." When-ever 
find a bmify, who asenre me, they are in the habit of attending 
some place of worship, I generally do not call i^n, atlhoagh 
others do not observe the same rule. In Houston 8tr., near to 
our chapel, some recent immigrants reside, in very destitute cir- 
cumstances. They had attended our meetings on three success- 
ive Sundays, when they were invited t6 attend another tihurch, 
being supplied with provisions, and assured of further aid. The 
above families, however, are still disposed to attend oar services; 
I only rcvret my inability, to afford diem any temporal assistance. 
Our Sanaay Sefaool is attended by from six to ten children. 

t. For particulars relative to Greenbay, we beg lesve to refer 
io the Jonmal of the Brn. Jaeobeon and Seidel, in the December 
nambei of 185S. 

Contribution towards Home Misnona. — From E. C. H., of 
Bethlehem, «S. — 

St^tcriptiont received in Deetmbtr. — Rev. Sam. B«iahel, 94. 
Prot. Episc. Association, George Esler, Mrs. Dr. Wood, Mr. 
Schlosser, Mrs. Sarah North, Mrs. Molther, Miss Lex, Mn. Her- 
man, Hias M. £. Harbaugb, Mr. Fr. Irwin, Mrs. C, Zom, Ch. 
J. Levering, for 18S2, and Mr. Wm. Petersm.G.W. Heyl,J.P. 
Cawley, Mr. Paine, Mrs. L. Saynish, for 18SB. 

8iAnripH»ft» and Banatiam towards Ibrngn Misiiotu. 

From Mr*. Cook, Albany, 10 — 

B^hlebem T. H. M. 8. appropr. for Trntning Sohool 

^ Anl^a, IB ^ 

. " BflT. K. Schwmniti, Hias. o^lnetk» at LuicasHt » — 



The Morarian Boarding School 




Nortliampton County, Penns. ' 


Biumii — indading Waihins. Beds and Bedding, Fuel and LighU, and Tn- 

iTio> in all branches not designated u extra. Per <taiUi, #60 — 

BxTBi CKiaeiH — Leaaons in French, ... " 3 — 

"* Drawing, ... " 8 — 

" Pointing, ... " 4 ^ 

" on the Piano, indndinE th* nn of InatnuBnla (• — 

" on the Violin " " " * — 

Fer the nse of the Library, if dedr«d, t — 

Beekf ud Stationary fDmiahed at the usual piicei. 

Rbt. LETfN T. BxiCMii., principal. 



FOBBI0»'»iS»10HS. ,.-'■:■ 
' (fVom "Benoidi^U AecmnttK'') 


1,85L / 

K sat: ovt from Nsmiat^rwr a'clbek on: Ar SMk of^ April m a 
dcR%r.' veompBHied b^.two' Bsqniihnix drivem N^lhaiiMt wbi 
Adam, with fe^TAnt pnyoralo 4he iiordfot Ui»g«idMe«'Midpn)' 

AAer paning two ver7 narrow and slightly elsvated toiwuea (rf 
laiid, the journey to Hopsdale is perforniad entirely on the icct 
belvesn ntiinberless islands, a circumsCance which renders it ttra 
Intt dangcfoiM, itiough the longest, of any that has to be under* 
Iskni between oar fbur settlements. The outsr groups of islands 
VK either blealt and naked rocks, or par^ally covered vith moM, 
or with a scanty vegetation ; those nearer the shore, however, ar» 
adorned with considerable fir-woods. The farther we advanead 
towards the south, the more were we surprised by extensive fotv 
Bsts, which successively met our view. Their dark aspect formi^ 
in winter, a striking contrast with the dazzling whiteness of tbe 
snow. In sommer, these woods could hardly ije distingaished 
from the dark and naked roekr, if tha)i were not varied by dn 
lighter green of the laroii, whrah ie Uhewise very commbn. 
Tliere wonld he conseqestly no liick.of pieaeaot eeeoery in Lab> 
rtdor, were the coontry only proportionately peopled with hnmitt 
beings, and covered with towns and villages. As it is, the im- 
preasion of a vast wilderness remains predominant in the mind 
€>a onr whole journoy, besides the inhabitants of a hoasetOf 
whom I shall ajMak hereafter, two sea-gulla were the only living 
arMtsMai ihM we Ml ia with. 


It wu on mj retonit however, thai I had the beat appprt u Bfty 
ftf admiring; the beauties of nature, for we had not proceeded verj 
far, when, after a short atmospheric struggle, the weather became 
thick, the snow felt with increaaing violence, and, being very sofi 
and moist, we were able to malie but slow progress, although our 
twenty dogs were not wanting in strength or courage. 

About four o'clock, we had performed the half of our journey, 
and were hoping to camplele two-thirds of it, and to stay over 
Bight at David's Inlet, with a European who ia known to ouc peo- 
ple, and who pays frequent viaita at HopeJale. Thestorm, howr 
ever, increased so alarmingly, and the snow, which threatened to 
torn into rain, began to wet our clothea so much, that we coosid- 
ered it more advisable, to lafte up our quarters several miles short 
of the above- mentioned place, at the iiouse of an Esquimaux 
ealled Anuoralsiak. This man, a southlander, had been settled 
there about two years, and has paid occasional visits at Nain and 
Okkak. He was, therefore, no stranger to me ; and last winter 
hia house had served as night-quarters to nearly all travellers be- 
tween Nain aud Hopedale, of whorp there were not a few. 

I was not a little surprised, on coming near the house, to be 
barked at by a European dog, which ran towards us, good-natnr- 
«dly wagging his tail and licking our hands, habits, as it ia well 
known, entirely strange to the Esquimaux dogs. We were soon 
welcomed by the master of the house, with his two sons and a 
alrangcr residing with him. " We are delighted," said the old 
man, " that you wjU stay overnight with us ; only come into th» 
kouse, we will lake care of your luggage; you are wet, come in- 
to the house and he no stranger." On entering, I was struck 
with the cleanliness and order generally prevailing, as well as 
w.ith its whole internal arrangement, differing greatly from that of 
•nr Esquimaux. I found here a tidy boarded floor, and in three 
eomera of the room raised bedsteads, one for each family. In 
oxcuse of our people, I may, however, observe, that their whole 
manner of living is far different from that of the Sonthlandera. 
Thoogh the former have already accustomed themselves to the 
oae of European luxuries, especially flour and biscuit, the seal re- 
mains their principal food, which they are obliged in winter to 
ikin, prepare, and dress in their houses. The Southlanders, on 
the other hand, live almost entirely on European food, and tho 
seal-hunt in a kayak, which must remain the principal means of 
subsistenee for the Esquimaux, is greatly neglected by them, and 
in many cases almost unknown. They have, in eonseque»ce, 
lost their independence, and have become slaves of the Europeans, 
They are, in reality, degenerate Esquimaux, unable to endure iht 
hardships which their fathers endured, and for which the very 
European dress which they wear makes them nnfll. 
; The spiritual condition of these people forms a distressing cob- 


Ira( to Qwir tppsmitiy floariahinc icraportl cirenmilsneM. In 
» eonvvnatioD on inbjecU of religfion, I was astonished at theit 
ignotsnee, and mm obliged to speak to them as to childreo. Om 
of the daughters-in-law of our host, who had resided for some 
Ume at Hopedale, is able to read a little, and has endeavored to 
teach her husband, ^et in neither of them is much improtement 
perceptible. They promised, howerer, henceforth lo read and 
learn the Scriptares more diligently. After my return to Naio, I 
«ent them a few reading and apelling-booka, and ■ part of the 
New Testament which ihey did not posaess. It made a painful 
impression npon my tnind, when I heard, that the aged nother of 
this family is a daughter of the Crsl convert of the Eaijoiiaaux 
nation, Peter, who was baptized at Nain in Mie year 1776, but 
-who unhappily shewed himself unfaithful to Ins baptismal cove- 
nant, and at last met with a melancholy death among the heathen 
in the South. All this was not unknown to oar aged hostess. 
After having concluded the evening with singing and prayer, w« 
retired to rest, which, however, I could not obtain, because the 
liood people, with tlie best intentisnj had over-healed the stove. 

The weather promising, on the following morning, to clear up, 
we set out in good spirits, and having passed David's Inlet, found 
a tolerably good track, which enabled us to proceed at a quicker 
rate. The islands with which the coast ie studded, and which 
become increasingly barren the nearer one approaches Hopedale, 
afibrd no jrieaaing picture to the eye. A few hours hnd hardly 
elapsed, when a thick fog deprived us «f every prospect, a circum- 
stance which embarrassed not a little my Esquimaux urivers. 
They aocceeded, however, in keeping the right course until with- 
in fifteen or sixteen miles from Hopedale, when we perceived that 
we had gone astray. At lengtli. we discovered the old track of a 
wood-sledge, which we resolved to follow, not knowing whither 
it would lead us. I coafess, ihsl (he thought of having probably 
to pass the night in Ae wet snow, or in an open sledge, and so 
near the place of oitr destination, waa anything but pleasant to 
me. My drivers appeared lo share my feelings ; for while Adam 
was arranging the harness of the dogs, he exclaimed several 
times; " Niptatauletok t" {O, if it would hut clear up!") And, 
behold ! Isefore he had finished his task, an island behind us sud- 
denly became visible, and soon after several others emerged out 
of the fog, and were recognised by the Esquimaax. Afler the 
Ispseof a quarter of an hour, the sky became clearer than it had 
been for the last eight honrs. Great waa the joy of all. "..Wa 
were evidently to lose our way," said Nslhanael, " (hat we might 
be driven to prayer, and, receiving an answer lo it. might 
experience the greater joy :" an observation lo which I fully 
Assenied ; for, trifling as this insianoe of the Lord's goodness 
'oay appear to oiliere, to n* it was a matter of hnrtfrit tIrankfaU 


MM. -Ab -faiHir's bstber drim Ino^t «■ 4d BopsMs. ^B 
««iignigation was just asHinblHl for ^the crraing-mHitiif. r^ 
iberefore found nobody in iho nuuioB'hoiiM excepting nr. VoH- 
freeht, who had remsiaed there with' ths ebtldfeii. The otiwr 
breUiFan and aistera Mooa leiurned from Ike eharoh, ami beartf 
moB the welcome given ub, and great vur mutual pleainre. For, 
tfaoi^h informed of ray projected jowraey. they had alfvady girco 
up the hope that I should undertake it in weather bo inclenwnt. 

The four days of my stay at Hope dale were Inily a leasMi of 
refrevhrnenl for bnlli soul and body. The aiate of the weidier, 
however, permitted me only on the bst day ta venture a little oat 
of doore. This circtnaatanee prevents me from entering into a 
minute descriptioD of ihe place. Thsugfa surrounded by roeka 
and hilla, the Bettlemenl faas nevertheless an open, airy poailion. 
On aaceading a rising groond at a short distance from (he place, » 
very esteneive view may be obtained of the islands with which 
the Bay of Hopedale is studded. Slill 6ner ia the panonmafroni 
^e Buramit of the ao-called " ShijvHountaiD," about two milts 
from Hopedale, on which a small hul has been erected, and fiom 
which the Harmony has often been discovered by the Esquimaux, 
when she was yet very distant from the shore. Small and pretty 
clusters of fir and larch are scattered about in the Heifliborhoad 
of the settlement ; but a collection of trees, which might deserve 
Ihe name trf a wood, is not to be found within twelve miles ; and . 
theie woods, as may well be imagined, have been eonsideraUy 
thinned, during the 68 years which have elapsed since the estab- 
lishment of the Btation. This was for a long time the neirasi 
plsee, whence the brethren obtained their timber aud fire-'wood, 
the gradual diminution of which occasioned many apprehensitms 
for Uia future existence of ihe place. Its removal to a more fa*«r- 
»ble locality waa in consequence repeatedly taken into considera- 
tion : Ihe last time in the year 1814. Afterward*, however, Ihe 
bretiiren hit upon the idea of teaching the Esquimanx to Soat (be 
trees from the locality where they are still found in tolerable abun- 
dance to the BBlllement ; nnd this plan has been found to answer 
very well, and has since been nninterruptedly carried out. It is, 
udeed, not unattended with difficulty, and becomes more so every 
year, as the trees have to be conveyed to the shore from JnereaS' 
wgly gi«ater distances, over a rugged tract and through dense 
thickets ; yet the Esquimaux earn a good deal by this kind of 
work. Ever sioee the introduction of this system of floatieg 
timber, Hopedale has even supplied the other settlements with 
wood for building pnrposes. There must be some fine woods at 
adielance of 24 miles from the place. I heard, among the rest, 
of ft tree being felled, the trunk of which was 72 feet in length, 
4hfse feet in diameter at the lower end, and ten inches »t the 
iW9tt»t. 'AnMbersenDii swignsd fwtfaenBWval of ihesMlls- 


oiant wu, Uie extram* Hnrity of ihe elimMe. For it ra raoMrh- 
•ble< thai in wioler the Ihermomeier Ula not niifraqnentlT lower 
■t Hopedale than in aav of the olher ataiions, although iheae an 
jiluatAd far more towarda the north. In aummer, the temperatom 
ia more like that of Europe. For the preuhing of the Goap«l ID 
Ibe liealhen Esquimaux, ao aitoalion, however, could be more 
suitable than the preaeni, aa it liea in the way of all the travellen 
passing to the north or aouih ; and Ihe experience of ihia year 
amply proves that this object has, to a coniiderahln extent, been 
obtained, as upwards of 40 strangers, mostly of European deaeeot 
were enabled to celebrale the Easter- festival wiih the congra- 

On the 29lh, at four o'clock in the morning, having laken an 
afiiiclionate leave of my fellow-laborers at Hopedale, I entered 
upon my homeward journey. The greater part of the fisqui- 
'inaux congregation had assembled round my sledge to bid me 
Yarewetl, and join in commending me lo the IiorU by singing a 
benedictory verse. The track and weaiher were i;oad, and al- 
ready, at four o'clock in the ariernoon, we had reached the houae 
of Annoralsiak, where we had passed a night when going In 
Hopedale. Our friendly host insisted upon our slaying i^ain 
over-night with him, but we preferred continuing our journey till 
nighl-fall. We found night-quariers in a wood, beneath a line 
large tree, the boughs of which might have sheltered us against 
any storm. Our bed was soon arranged, by trampling together 
Ihe loose snow, and spreading a bear-sbin over it. At four o'clock 
in the morning we were again on our road. The very brightness 
of the weaiher rendered the last hours of our journey the most 
weariaottie, as the sun was burning on our backs, whilst a cold 
wind in our faces would not allow us to take off our furs. To 
the eyes, the dazzling whiteness of ihe snow, the effects of which 
are, of course, most fell aboot ihe middle of the day, was, mean- 
while, most trying. It is impossible to form an adequate idea of 
this in Kunipe. Dark spectacles, or a covering of some kind for 
the eyes, are quite indispensable; and many an Esquimaux, by 
Ihe neglect of this precaution, has either lost or greatly impairetl 
his sight. We fell in, on our way, with two Englishmen, who. 
with their Esqnimaux wives and children, live by irafflcking in 
furs and salmon. The one had his face so much swollen, and 
his eyes ao mnch inflamed in the conrae of a few hoars, that he 
was obliged to lie with his face npon the sictlge. His sufl^ringa 
may, however,, have been owing less to the violenee of ihe wind 
and the whiteness of the snow, thai) toi the Immoderalo use of 
brandy; lo which he is addicted. With his companion, to wbotn 
the Brethren at Hopedale give a good teatiraony, I had a very 
pteasant eonversaiion. He lold me, that in temporals he vMs 
' very well off, here, and that ih* dkuto soiMl his cowAiiliM> 


Tkc ttmlj Amg hs gntdy legwttod wu, hii intbility to fo tt 
flhnmh ; if he mnld enjoy this privilega, he nid, he ihontd to 
^iM contented. He appeared to be a worthy and a religiofM 
■laB. HnTiBg travelled with as for about two honra, tiiey lefl v§, 
andjirooeeded in anollier direction. 

We vere now at ao great diitanee from home, which ear dagt 
•ppauod likewise to know, for ihey redoubled their paee, wlihott 
Mquiring the driver's whip. Aboitt noon, we amred in-saleij il 
9faia, tfaankrat to the Lord for the blaseiii^ aod flneeeM he hai 
'fraatad to oar expeditiaa. 

Sxiraett from tkt Dueria of IBftl. 

HoPBDALK, December 12th. — We celebraieil with our flock a. 
joyful festival, lemembering, wlih graiiiude. the blessings which 
the Lord has vouchsared to tliese poor people Binve the year 1784. 
It was on the 12th of December of ibal year, that the four first 
F^squimaux of this place were added, by baptism, to the Church 
of Christ ; and how many have, since that time, been made pu- 
lakers of thai blessed privilege ! We were enabled, on this occa- 
sion, to preaeut each of our chapel-servants with a pair of Block' 
i'ngs, the gif^ of some friends of our Missinn. Such presents 
having become rather scarce, these were received with the greater 
Joy, being at that time of peculiar value, on account of the intense- 
ly cold Weather. We take this opportunity to intreat our kind 
friends and benefactorB, not to forget oar poor Esquimaux alto- 
gether. For several years past, these gifts of love have almost 
entirely ceased, and we have often been asked by the poorer mem- 
bera of our flock, how it was that their brethren across the ocean 
no longer remembered them. We always reply to these and sim- 
ilar questioDB, that, owing to the wider extension of our mission' 
'»xy field, the sympathy of our friends Is frequently directed to the 
bore needy and more recent missions. 

We had a remarkable instance, in the course of this month, of 
the faithfulness wherewith ibe Savior goes after the lost ahaep, 
•eekiog it «nul He finds it. A married man of our fleok, iMmcd 
Peter, returned sick from hia summer expedition. After the ex- 
plMtioB of a few weeks, he was so much enfeebled, thstho couM 
no langer liae from his conch, tn spite of sll the means employ 
•d, be raaained in this deplorable eoBdition, and was rapidly (b- 
cliaing, leaviag little liepe for hia recovery. We did not failt 
whM visiting him, to exhort him to employ fii^fally thersaMiU- 
iag short period of hie life is prepsiring to meet his 6od, an4 to 
ariy 4fl Him alone far grace and aiercy. for it was not unknowB 
M Wt ihM b» b«d Ulbscto led « ainfol life. U«*enr, ha cwhsb* 


tMd tt*etvei, Bitd would anfy nrhim >i Dmo* : "0 mi^ht IIM 
•bid 10 do as you bid ma !" But in the beginning or Drcenrtwr, 
* mnarkaUe change took place in his raiad. On being rlsiMrf 
hy «Re of the Missionries, he endeavored to disburden hit Iwut 
1^ a candid confession ot his sins (rominiiled in secret, by whidt 
hit illness had been chiefly brongiit on. After harinf rioAo- ••, 
ht Alt (Bueh relieved, and exclaimed : '■ O hnw grateful I anr, fbr 
IwTiiig prevailed on myself to cDnfeasto ]rou (hat which op^reasMl 
By bean by day and aighl. I h»»o read the Scriptnres diHgemiy 
during my illness, md everywhere I Tound nothing hot condenh 
naliftn as the rewRrd or my heinous sins. O that [ likewiae may 
witk before God in the light of the living!" On that very day 
hia eomphiai took a more favorable lum ; an sbaceaa wm formed 
on his hip, which being pierced afler a lew dnys, he gradually r»- 
eovered, and, leaning on his muff, waa enabled to be preseUt M 
(he ChrivlinaB services. Filled wiih gratitude and praise, he viK- 
iud na in our house, and aaid : " The Savior has ehaelennt me, 
bat not cast me off; I prayed to Him, and He heard ni«. O migtil 
I henceforth live to His honor !" 

March SOlh. — Two of our brethren paid a visit to a certahi 
John Read, mentioned on former occasions aa having seitted St 
the Ukauklok-bay. Thia man, who for aome time past has IVfr- 
qnently attended our services, with blessing for his hearl, appear- 
ed 10 be anxious for closer connexion with us. We determiltMl 
therefore to visit bim in his Innely dwelling. His house is abotfl 
half a day's jonrtiey from Hnpedale, and is situated near the »•- 
shore. In the midet of a forest. It is about 40 feet long and It 
feet broad, the whole well built, and the roof covered with bii*fc- 
bark. John Read and hia wife received as most cordially ; md 
we spent a very pleasant afternoon With them, in reading the 
8<rriptures and ainging hymna. The extensive forests which sar- 
iwind this beautiful bay, surprised us greatly. There is so much 
fire-wood to be met with, that Hupedale might be provided with 
it for centuries ; yet timber is there likewise gratlnally becoming 
aearee, at least it is not found very near the shore. An exlenstn 
birch-wood and a good many poplars of no inconsidemble dimen- 
aionB are foimd in the neighborhood. It is evident that a mtHrfi 
nilder climate prevaila in this bay than abont Hopedste, for tVHa 
the highest mountains are over-grown with trees. When taking 
loBve of these people on the following day, we could perceive 
that ihey felt gratified and cheered by our visit. We shonld ham 
evlled, in the course of the winter, on other persons also reaiding 
in our vicinity, had not the want of food for the dogs bem >o 

Angnat 1st.— A small ressel, coming from Newfoundland, 
hmehed at our port. Her owner, Mr. Norman, an English traAfr. 
called on as, anl ahewed himaeU' a well-infofmed aod frIenAy 


MM), ud wiAl acquainted with ihe country. Ha had on boaid 
aeveral Ecquimaux froni Eiveklok, or Great Wkier-Bay, wbooe 
eagernwa s.(tet books was quile Burpriiiog to ue. Aecordii^ to 
their BiBteoieQts, eight fHrniliei are reiiding at Einklok, amonf 
whom a woman called TliereBa, ■ former resident at Hopedale; 
■ acts as teacher. She teaches not only the children to read, but 
also the adulls, and singi hymns someiimes with them { whem- 
fore they were very eager in their inquiriea after hymn-bookai 
with which, however, we were unable to supply iheni, being our- 
■elves in want or some. 

Nain. — At the apeakinji previous to the celebration of the Holj 
Communion, in November, a young married man gave, with great 
emoliuu, the foUotrint; account of a remarkable preservalion of 
his life : " About ihe lime when the sea was beginning to be cov- 
ered with ice, 1 had the good fortune, one morning, to shoot a 
large seal from the shore. 1 immediately jumped into my kayak 
to seize upon my booty, but found it very difficult to work my 
way through the thin ice. Before I could reach the seal, I gol 
into a strong current, which carried me along, and whilst striving 
to disengage myself from it, the violence of the wind increased 
■o much, that I whs driven inio ihe open sea. To increase my 
consternation, I observed that the neighboring islands were quite 
unapproachable on account of the thin ice by which they were 
surrounded, and which gradually so inclosed my kayak that it 
stood entirely still, I now knelt down and cried fervently lo ihe 
Lord to have mercy on me. All my eiTorts to save my life being 
in vain. I lay down, confidenily expecting that my last hoor wae 
come, but, exhausted by uuld and fatigue 1 at length fell asleep. 
When I awoke, half frozen, and lifted myBclf up to see where I 
was, how great was my asionishmeni to 6nd that no ice was any 
more to be seen. The wind had changed its direolion, and had 
driven me a considerable distance towards the shore. The night 
was fast approaching, I therefore took again lo my paddle, and 
tfiouiFh my limbs were slilT and benumbed by tlie cold, with great 
exertions, I reached the coast, and joined my family, who had 
already given me up fur lost, and were in great disirees on my 
account." The poor man cnuid not lind words to express his 
feelings of gratitude towards his Almighty prelector, and exclaim- 
ed repeatedly : » I have escaped death by a miracle of divine 
mercy ; and I consider this gracious answer to my prayers as a 
solemn call on me not lo neglect my conversion. 

OxKAK.— In a conversation wiih our national assisiaat Boaz> 
this diligenl and faithful man expressed himself as follows: " In 
myself I find nothing ihat is good. I have indeed many a time 
approached ihe Lord's Table, and have partaken of His llesh and 
blood; but as for worthiness, I find none in myself. lamindeed 
often very much cast down ; when I refleett that, as noe who is 



hilfhly privilegflil, I ought alw^i to live in Ohriit, and He in me ; 
Imaat confeaa lo my shame, that I am Tar from makiog this u 
manifest aa it ougln to be. 

HEBRon. — We are ranch edified by the spirit prevailing among 
the eaadidaica for bapliem, by their uprightneBs in confessing 
their sine, and their earneit deaire to become children of Qod. 
One of Ihem, Kommak, (he aged wife of the former sorcerer, 
Paoksaut, expressed herself to this effect : — " I have to tell yoD 
-eemeihing very bad of myself; listen to me, for 1 am desiroos to 
tdl yon all that oppreaies me still. When I was yet among the 
heathen at Saegiek, I once stole a ring, and al another time li 
needle." When being aakcd whether this waa all that hufdened 
her coDscieDce, she replied, " No ; I was alill worse ; for one 
night, when all the people were sleepiag, I alole a whole reiadeer. 
Bat now I wish lo renounce all these evil practices, to live before 
the eyes of Jesus. I therefore pray Him eifDfestly that lie wooU 
forgive me my sins." — " Andl also," her huabeod added, "deaim 
t» live for Jeans only ; He shatl be my staff and my helper, kal 
I shosid foil. 

For some tine past, we had felt ibe necessity of seleetiag nSB 
tzuly desirous to serve the Lord, and tueh » knew by perse^ 
eipcrience the happiaess enjoyed by Qod's children, far the 
offide of chaptd-servants — an appointment which laya upon then 
the obligation of exerting themselvea for the good of their coon* 
trymen, and endeavoring la persuade others toshare die privileges 
which they enjoy. Our choice fell upon two members of our 
flock, to whom we eommunieated our intentions, injotnii^ ibem 
to make the raaiter « subject of serioas and prayerful considera- 
tion. We were rpjoiced lo perceive by their answers that they 
did not look upon their appointments aa a preference given them 
before their countrymen ; hut that Ihey fell the importance of the 
office, and the weight of the obligations devBi*ing upon tfaem. 
" We eould not sleep laat night," they said, for we searched our 
heatls before the eyes of the Lord, and we tried onrselres, 
whether we should bie able to act according lo our promiaea, were 
we to accept the appoinlment." Our national assistant Renalus 
then ezhoned ihem in our pretence not to be afraid of men, sttd 
not to be silent where they fait thst they should speak, and give a 
word of brotherly exhortslion. "I am advancing in age," he 
continued, >' end can no longer be so active as 1 should wish. I 
therefore exhort you to supply my place, and to be partienlavly 
Caithfnl towards the young." We csn only add our sineua 
wishes, that these two men may follow in the footsteps of RenalMi. 
both as regards his faithfolness, and bit exemplary walk aad oao- 

D,q,i,i.:db,.GoogIc — 


'^■BADOKi. — Extract of a Letter from Sr. T. L. Badkam 

to the IVeaturer of the London Jttoeiation. 

Shakon, Janntry IQth, 1BB2. 

Dear Sir :— 

My pmeot post of labor is, as you are aware in BarbadoM. 
Many difficulliea present themselves here. During the whole 
p«riod of eighly-seven years since this Miaeion haa been estab- 
lished, there haa been much of a dtscouraging and dislreeaiag 
-character to try the Missionaries. The Gospel is as powerrul 
here as elsewhere, and those traits in the Negro character, whiek 
under the influence of religion, have elsewhere produced such 
pleasing manirestationB of Christian character, are by no means 
wanting here. Yfl it cannot be denied, that the infloences of the 
Oospel have produced less evident and general effect on this com- 
munity, than on any other in the West Indies. One circumstance, 
operating to some d^ree both as cause and effect of this state of 
things, is the fact, that schools and school-inslmc^on have long 
been in a backward stale in this island. If the schools in Barba- 
does existed, in the same proportion to the popolationasinTobego, 
there would be about 200 public schools. But there is nothing 
like that number, and but a very small proportion of them are 
what they ought to be. Again, if our srholara here were in the 
same proportion to the number of church- members as at Mont- 
gomery in Tobago, we should have nearly 600 day-scholars. 
But, two years ago, the average was only abont BO, and during 
the past month has not exceeded 160. 

We are exerting ourselves greatly to remedy this stale of things, 
by awakening on the part of the parents some desire for their 
children's moral and intellectnal improvement, by towering school- 
charges, and by rendering onr schools more effective. And these 
efforts are not froidess. The number of day-scholars has nearty 
doubled, and that of Sunday-scholars has much increased. The 
Legislature have given us a share of grants from the public treas- 
ury, and this has enabled us to do much. But here, at Sharon, a 
considerable difficulty meets us, and effectually prevents any ex- 
tensive progress in the work of education. It is Uie want of a 
suitable school-house. The present school-locality consists of 
two small buildings of unequal dimensions, and connected by a 
door. These not only require considerable repair, but are quite 
tinsnitable for keeping school in an orderly manner, and are mneh 
too small for our present number, not to speak of any increase. 
The childmn are packed together in a most unhealthy and ineon- 
veiiieai -maDoer, and we are already obliged to refuse taking any 
non <if them. If yon knew the sad moral condition of this 


d«M» pepDk^D, ind hene's the nax iropoTUnce of extsndinf 
among it the blesain|[a or Scriptural eciueatton lo the ntinoit of 
oOr power, 70U would, I Am sure, understand my eamestoess, 
and acknonledgs the subject to be one worthy tlie attention of 
OTOiy Ohristian philanthropisl, 

I hope and believe, that something; may be dona to remedy th» 
evils complained of. I triisi that 1 aball be able to collect enough 
from the friends of Scriptural education in this island and at home, 
to erect a spacious achool-liouae, or at the least to add to our 
present accommodaliouB. This will probably require full 2001. 
When I first began, I had n«t a farthing- ; and, as you^ are aware, 
our Mission-fund cannot at present be drawn upon for Buch an 
object. However, 1 mada a cnnimenceroent in the island ; and 
in apile of the jealousy and prejudices on the subject of ednca- 
^n alill prevailing, some are enlightened and christian enough to- 
favor the undertaking. There is a prospect of my raising in the 
island, from all sourees, including the subscTipliona of my own- 
congregation, about 60/. 

' Hence I write to ask your kind assistance, and feel assured that 
I shall receive it lo the extent of youc power, " yea, and beyond, 
youi power." 

Daruh Islands. — From Br. W. C, Enderman. 

FRieDBNSTHAi., St. Croix, Feb. 12th, 1BS2. 

Dear Brother: — 

In July, I took a trip to St. Thomas and St. Jan, in order lo 
pay a visit to the brethren and sisters there ; and I was happy to 
find, that they are everywhere prospering, though each station is 
•arved by only one couple. One and sll are doing the^r utmost 
" to seek the peace of the places where ihey dwell ;" so that I 
am sure the old dry trunk will soon begin to thrive and bud and 
bear frnil again, as in the days cf old. In September, we held 
the examination of the eight country-schools. The Governor at 
well as the School- com miss ion, expressed tlieir Battefaction with 
the progress of the children. Soon af\er it pleased the Lord to 
cause me to pass through a season of heavy affliction, owing (o a 
severe and protracted illness of my beloved wife. Six weeks of 
great suffering so completely reduced her strength, that the physi- 
cians gave no hope of her recovery, and we expected her d»- 
parture every moment. \t this extremity, the thought struck me, 
lo try. as the last resource, the cold water oure, a system from 
which I had myself derived much benefit on two former oecasions; 
The rasalt inrpassed my most langsine ezptclations ; already 


tkwfint >pp)iattla«'Of atAd- waMafbrM wtatMm iritrfifltwi 
belore^Mfl^r; Md going on wilb it'^Mlj-, itit-bu jtndaatt^'HP 
taeneoienA h«r sweagib, at to be aUe R> inik' about, thnngteiv 
inll'tuke nm« tints to Tesiora ber oompietrijr. I beg ynu M h* 
this circumalance find a place in the pagen c^ the Periodical Aa* 
tfDuntt, for the benefit orray dear fHlcFir-nrvsiHat eapeciall^ those 
who labor in aimilar ctimates, and anbcougbt into liiU'oiKan*^ 

February IBth. 

To^ajt nsha«e bern favored to dedicate the new oborcji^ar 
FiiedeiwbPi^. (iha former eehort^KMiBo), to the snrive of thx 
Lord, b waa truly a day which the Lord had made^ Tbo auk 
bmiiUing with its Moraviw cupola, his a goodly appeerBOOA. Ih 
oontcioa 806 peraoiie ; to-day it waa of eourae orer>fiUed. Tka 
white walls and eeiliof look well ; inlands and restooMt on»r' 
siented the wholes and the peace of 6«d reignmi in the aaaembly». 
Br. Kkiner preached an excelleot aermun, aAer I had opased tbft 
•ervioe; and be. Kloaooenoludedi with a dUcouBB* to the^coa^e- 

March 30th. 

I am happy to be able now to inform you of the laying of the 
foundation- stone of the new cbiirch here at Friedenstbal. As the 
pouffld upon which it ia to be bniJt, a preUy ateop hill, had brat 
to be levelled, and this work being done mostly by our church* 
msHobers from tlie country, who have no other time at their com- 
ntand than Saturday, aeveral months elapsed before we could ob- 
tain & suitable site. After br. Klose's arrival iiere, who has been 
appointed to conduct the building, he set lo work at once in good 
earnest, so that everything wae prepared for laying the foundation 
atone on Saturday, the 27th of Maich. On that day, at tweUa 
o-'olock, a very respectable company of the authorities atid plantata 
asaembied at onr house. Soon after, the Governor and suite, 
having been specially invited, arrived ; upon which we proceeded 
to the building- place, which was already occupied by a hosl> af 
spectators. Several hymns- having been sting, I addressed the 
company in a few words, after which br. Brunner read the iar 
acriptiun lo be deposited in tlie stone. The Governor, liaviiqt 
hioiself taken the trowel and. thrown some mortar upon the slono) 
delivered an address, espreseing his beat wishes for the prosperi^ 
of tliie work, and the welfare of our whole ooogregation. Bn. 
Klose having implored the Lord to voochsafe Hia bleaning to tbo 
undertaking, br. Koeater concluded by the singing of some hyonw) 
and pronouncing the benediction. The (MUeelioa nude on thia 
oeoamon amonniedto BO dollars. 

y«atenlay, wo hul a ?«; soltmnt tliovjh eaaeediagly moamAlI 



fmera]. It wa» Ihat of the yiHiDgnt daughter of onr cook, a giri 
of tweiit3r-one yean of age. Th& deceued lister had, from her 
childhood, loved her Savior, who had beea pleaaed to glorify His 
holy name in her weak and delicate frame. This was clearly to 
be observed in her whole deportment. Serious, induatrioui, and 
most anxions to learn the Word of Qod, ahe was one of the few 
who eaeaped the snareH of the devil, so extremely prevalent in 
this country. In the Sunday-school alio the was of great service 
to ns. Her early departure was canaed by consumption. She 
was entirely resigned to her Savior's will, and departed with the 
worda: <■ The Lord is very mercilul to me." 

Extract ^ a iMttr from Br. A. T. C. Taegtr. 

Lakk Booa, Dec. 8th, 1861, 

Dear Brother :— 

Our sojonm at Melbouniei and above all the missionary-meeting 
referred to in my last letter to you, at which the presence of the 
Savior was so remarkably felt, we shall never forget. The bles^ 
ings, spiritual and temporal, enjoyed by us, and the conviction, 
that, in this distant country also, children of God are found, who 
unite in prayer on our behalf, have often encouraged us in days 
of trial, and will continue to do so. 

Having taken leave of our dear friends in town, we left Mel- 
bourne on the 7lh of July, accompanied part of the way by br. 
Lees. The sky was cloudy i the weather, however, remained 
fair throughout the day, and we travelled thirty-seven miles, in 
spite of the badness of the road. At night, our host told us, that 
a few yeara ago, he used to fall in with oompaniea consisting of 
hundreds of Papaos. But where are they now? They have all 
disappeared ; scarcely any of them are to be met with any longer. 
From the 8 Ih of July to the 11th, we had uninterrupted rain. 
On the 11th, towards night, we reached the station of Mr. Mortmi, 
drenched with rain, and having rested there a few days, continued 
our journey on the 141h. Though favored by the weather, we 
found the roads almost impassable, and had to ride, somelimei 
for houn, through die water. On die 16th of July, we arrived 
at Oanawarra. GJled with gratitude for the Lord'a. gracious protec- 
tion during our fatiguing aoA perilous journey, end were cordially 
received by Mr. Campbell and the Papnos of the station. I have 
■tiU to observe, that, on the preceding day, several natives wel- 
«inMdiiej>itb die .good newt, that £e patients I had preriooidf 


attended had «ntirel;r reeovflred. I thanked the Lord for the eii- 
eonn^mettt hereby giTen, praying tltat He would grant ibtt 
ftue my feeble attempts might become initroniental in pn>iii«tw 
Hit glory, and in engaging these poor heathen to approach ani 
bear tbe Gospel of peace and aalvation. 

July 24tli. — We act out i^in on a jotimey Is Lake Boga, to 
■ee whe^r our hut would be soon ready for ogt receptira ; we 
found howBTer, the bailding operations proceeding very slowly, 
o#iiig to eootiinied raioy weather. Greatly fBtiguedi ix coaae- 
qdence of our being so litUe accualomed to travel on horsebo^ 
we reached Swan-hill on the 2Sth of Jnly, Hece I yielded ts 
the prassing requests of our host, and baptized two of his chil- 
dren. A small congregation, consisting of seveoteen persona, 
were present at this solemn tranaaclion. We prayed oar Chorch- 
lilany, whereupon I read a sermon on Mark t. 3S — 34. After 
the service, we entered into a very edifying cooversation with a 
gentleman, on the aul^ect of the disconne and the prayer. The 
same evening, we had the joy to aee seTeral Papooa ; we invited 
Ihem to follow OS to Lake Boga, which tbey promised to do. 

July 2Qth. — We returned to Mr. Campbell's station, whera w« 
were detained fur some lime by continued raini. The river and 
ditches gradually filled, and the air was moist and chilly. It ia 
dmost incompr^enaible, how tiie Papoos are able to stand 
weaUier like this, since they have nothing to protect themselves 
againat the cold but a woollen blanket ; the children mn ^nt 
stark naked, or, at most, with a handkerchief tied round their 
htins. In general, yoong and old lie naked in &e open air ronnd 
a small fire. When the sun burns hot, they eonstmct hata (rf 
tw^s. The dexterity with which they climb np the h^eat 
ir«es, is most admirable ; they form a natural ladder, by catling 
nolahea into the bark. This is done with a hatchet [dirr), an in- 
sCnimeot which every Papoo poaiesses. The branches which 
(hey cut down, are curled away by the women, and employed in 
Imiiding a hat. During the rainy season, but only when the rain 
fails very heavily, a temporary dwelling is constracted of the bark 
of trees. There you may aee the whole family lying together, 
the dogs not excluded. When one passes such a camp, they will 
immediately beckon or call, and beg for a present of tobacco, a 
pipe, etc.; and on being informed of the object of our coming, 
fbey generally manifest great astonishment. It happened to oa 
not nnfrequendy on such occasions, that they shewed ns a fignre 
Arawn upon a piece of bark, whieh they call natta, and by wniofa 
they appear to signify the devil or some evil spirit ; the good 
dt>irit is called by them pei a met. 

By the advice of Mr. Campbell, we took up our abode in % 
afaepherd's hut, nine feet long and aik fiset broad, nd abom i^ 
OHiM ^ietu^l (roia the iwtieu. He had tbe IdodneH to usiit « 


la •oRveyiDf on* atibots to that plsca, BotlngkimfiiFM cetehmtB. 
and ofdfrrug bendM, for aafeiy's Bake, three men on horaebaak to 
■coompaay vb, mnd explore the road. On arriviog at a ditcbt wa 
had at fint aome difficulty JQ findiog a convenient spot for croaftr 
ing it ; bnt at last we discovered one, and conveyed our lugpig* 
in safety to onr new abode. After depodling it in the hut, thei* 
WBi, baides the place where the shepherd slept, room enongfa 
Am- my bed ; but br. Spieseke had to s)eep in the carriage. 

In this aiUiatioii, we had to spend six weeks, during whi<A 
ysriod, we were ^atly rejoiced by the receipt of letters horn 
Europe. The frequent viaita of the Papooa afforded ns an oppoiv 
portnnity of enlarging our collection of words, and revising ifae 
signification of those ctrflecled before. Nor did we ever 1dm 
sight of onr object, to encourage the natives to remove to Laka 
Boga. Some of them declared at once, that they would not eomft 
nalesa we woilld give them what they wanted, without requiring 
labor in return for it ; others, however, promised to follow as 
ahordy. Among the latter was one, who related to me, whao I 
endeavtaed to obtain words ftoat him, that he had formerly eatm 
■nueh hnman flesh ; that, not long ago, he had killed an enetuy, 
and tabbed binself with his fat. " Kingka UrmanbuU," (" that 
gives straogtii"), he added. When I asked him whether he still 
indulged in each abominable practices, he replied : " Barrabt, 
tuut Itumanbriek ttrrauwill Faefm" (" No, I am a very eient 
CsUow"). A few days before our leaving the hut, be visited us 
onoe more, and promised to remove to Lake Boga. 

In September, the water rose higher and higher, so that we 
were obyged to dig a dileh arontid our hut, and to drain it thraa 
or four times every day ; at the same time, we were so muoh 
tormented by Ine mosquitoes, that our faces and bands were cos- 
erad with boils. Under these trying circumstances, we had of^ 
occasion to pray to the Lord for patience and resignation. On 
the 4th of October, we observed, for the first time, a subsiding of 
the wat», a diacovery which revived our hopes of a speedy de- 
pai&ire. This ardently desired day at length arrived on the IStii ; 
ihaagh we were little aware at the time, what (rials we shoald 
have to encounter, before reaching the sphere of our future aotir- 
ity. One of the two horses, which we had bought at Melbourne, 
was put to onr carriage, and br. Spieseke acted as coachman : I 
mounted the other. Having at last succeeded in getting our hor~ 
ses into a steady pace, all went on smoothly, till we arrived at the 
Pyramid creek, which we were obliged to cross. I rode first, 
bnt had not quite reached the opposiie bank, when I heard br. 
Spieseke catling for help. Returning immediately, I observed my 
companion's hone very restive and unruly ; he tried to turn baeh, 
but in vain. As soon as I was near enough to the shore, I jump- 
ad into the water, but shoald have been borne to the ground by 


the weight of my wet clothes, had I not Bucceeded in laying tioU 
of one of the wheels. We dow endesvored to nnharoesa the 
hone, but before we could effect this, it threw itself over the shafif, 
and was drowned. A number of smeller articles of our luf^age 
were carried away by die flood ; among the real, we observed 
one of our hats floating on the water ; it was, however, arrested 
by a buah, and we managed to recover il. Shivering with cold ia 
my wet clothes, I mounted my horse to seek for assistaDce, and 
was fortunate enough to meet with a shepherd and another persour 
willing to help ua to draw our bbxes and carriage out of the wa- 
ter, before auoaet. Having offered up our grateful praises to the 
Lord, for His gracious preservation, we spent the night in the 
open air. The following day was employed in drying our goods; 
the greater part of our writing-paper, and our small stock of books, 
have been much damaged by this accident, and my trunk and a 
writing-uaae entirely spoiled. Several otiier articles, which wtt 
did not miss at first, were lost on this occasion. On the 18lb, we 
again made an attempt to croas the Pyramid-creek at another 
place. Thinking it mure prudent to convey only a part of our 
luggage at one time over the creek, we did so, and sncceeded 
belter than before ; but when getting up the opposite bank, both 
onr trunks xlipped off, and fell into the water, and were ones 
more wet through. Afterwards, we had to traverse another arm 
of the same creek, where the water appeared shallower than in 
the two former. But, whilst we were rejoicing at the compara- 
tively easy passage, the horse suddenly stopped, the wheels stuck- 
fast in the mud, and when we tried to drive the horse forward, 
both the traces broke. We had therefore again to unharness the 
animal, unpack the carriage, wade through the water, and carry 
onr luggage to the other side of the creek. This being done, we 
succeeded, after hard labor, in extricating the vehicle. We then 
continued our way, ajid were, however, obliged to paw the third 
night in the open air. Ai\er having been almost without food the 
two preceding days, we reached, on the I9th, the Loddon-lnn, 
where we could refresh ourselves; and on the 2Iat we arrived in 
safety at our station on the Lake Boga, which we hope to be boob 
permitted lo call Gmetarelh. 


I. Mission to Tkrra dbl FiJBOo.-^The majority of our read- 
ers tvill probably have been informed, by the public jouroals, of 
the failure of the attemptmade by that faithful and devoted aoldier 
of Christ, Capt Allen Gardiner, to plant the standard of the Croaa 



tiR the shores of Terra del Fuego.* The particulars oT this tra- 
j ChrutiaD enterprize — of the perBevering and aelf-denying aMi 
with which it was conducleit — of the difficulties and hazards, ibt: 
privations and Bufferings, which marked its progress, and of their 
mournful issue, in the removal, by death, of all who were engaged 
>'iD it, seven in number, may be fuiind in a solall pamphlet, lately 
^published at Bristol, under the title " 1 BWef tJ^xplsHslion uf the 
CircumstiDce* relative to the Missionaries of the Patagbuian So- 
ciety, in Terra del Euego." Anything more afTe'cting. More pain- 
ful, and, excepting to the eye of faith, more discouraging, than tlie 
. eircumstancea here recorded, is not to be fouid in the aani\» of 
modern Missionary eiiierprisb. Nevertheless, — to quote the lan- 
guage of " The Society for the Furtherance of the Gospel," m 
its Circular of the, present year, to the Missionaries in Labradoit 
— " Who shall preenme to say, that Capt. Gardiner, end bis selP 
denying companions, have labored, dnd sudered, and 'died in vain:! 
Who can tell but that the example of simple faith and true devo- 
lednesB, afforded by his life and service, the testimony to the lov- 
ing kindness and faithfuIneEs of his liord — to the peace vouch- 
safed to him under die heaviest trials, — snd to the hope, full at 
■ confidence, that the object nearest his heart would yet be attained, 
which the frsgment of his journal Supplies — may, in the proTi- 
' dence of God, be followed by the results to the natives of Terra 
-del Puego, equally blessed with those which ihe-murderdfErhardl 
and his boat's crew, in 17S2, produced to the Esquimaux race, 
and to which the present flotnisUing Mission in liabrador bears 
abundant and joyful witness. Let us pray that such may be the 
case, sooner or later, throngh (tie infinite mercy of eur God ! 

ILLbttek froii lia. A. Hakilton to 'Bit. C. F-Sbidel, ri*TK» 

Training-school, Antigua. No*. Illh, 1692. 
Dear Brother : — 

You will have heard, that by the unmerited goodness of the 
Lord, 1 have been brought safely babk to my loved home, and 
field of labor in the Training-School, At* hie h wehad the happiness 
. to find in excellent order. The Lord Itlessed the fnJitful enileav- 
-ors of my assistants in my absence^ and although we daily feel 
oar need of more spiritual life, we are happy in having so much 
encouragement in our labors, that it affords as plessore to carry 
. oat the views of our venerated Elderb in extendinr the benefits of 
.the institution to the full extent of ih'e accomodmioh afforded by 
the premises. We are receiving teii Idore '^Hipils, which will 

■ Itunibe, dosbtleM,M]UlnUBnBll«tlaiiD(oiirr«dan,t&itltnatfilitaUanTJkB 
BnUiien that Cftpt. QuitfiMr Bnt HlvliMl tbi HHpentloD In tlw (tiampt which liai toi- 
ulutod to bUIly. 




make thirty-fiTe. Since my retnni we had aa examinstton ofdn 
pupila, at which all our MiBtionariea and day-school teaeben 
attended. They acquitted themselrea creditably in the several 
branches taught. 

The work of the Lord is in a prosparoas state ihronghout this 
miaaioh, as shown by the attendance on the means of grace. The 
churches are Dsnally well Sited on the Lord's day, and the Sab- 
bath Schools are numeially attended. 

The visit I was favored to make to our American eosgr^tions 
affords many a happy reflection, and many a pleasing subject for 
conversation, in reference to the Lord'i work in the Church of (he 
Brethren in the Western world. 

Throoghout my whole journey, I was greatly favored by the 
good Providence of our heavenly Father. I foand my two dear 
children well and happy. My son — turned fifteen — has been 
transferred from Fulneck to the Paedagogium to Niesky, where 
he ia very happy. In addition, and superior to all temporal mer- 
cies, the Lord has given me a true helpmate in His own work, in 
the person of Caroline Ludwig, who is most happy in her work, 
and by the Lord's blessing enjoys excellent health and spirits. 

Please remember ne most affectionately to ali the dear brethren 
of yonr beloved settlement, whose kind liberality we have had 
cause repeatedly to acknowledge. 

The appeal contained in the Letter, of which the following i* 
an abetraet, scarcely requires preface or recomroendation. It tells 
its own etorv, and pleads its own cause, with a truthfulness, which 
has been tested and proved by personal observation, and an ear- 
nestness which has already produced the desired effect npon the 
community to which it was originally addressed. The poor and 
affiicted people, in whose name and on whose behalf it speaks, 
have done well, in that they have applied for help to the eongre- 
gation at Herrnhut, uor will the hope which has encouraged the 
Elders of the Brethren's Unity to give this affecting appeal a wi- 
der circulation, be altogether disappointed. A kind response will 
doubtless be given to it, by one or other among our brethren and 
sisters and Christian friends in this country, who call to mind the 
BofaMnian origin of the Brethren's .Church, and the connection 



ibmierly existing between England &nd BohemiB,-~between tliB 
fbUowen or WicUiffe and those of HuH,>-^nd who, at the nme 
time, flsdly " remember the words of the Lord Jeeus, bow Be 
said, ' It is more Messed to give tiian to recMTe.' " 

Extras of a Letter adiktmai by tht HiBitn>, WAansii, and BiAsms 
of tie PaoTiBTAKT Coubbiv^tios at KftAttcatiTi to Ikt Bbbtb- 
BBK ft BlBurairr. 

Dear ontf tileemtd Brtlhren, 

The hsnd of the Lord has been laid heavily on our congraga- 
lim, which, if not the imallest, is probably the poorest in Bohe- 
mia. It traces iu origin to a little flock of faithful believers, whose 
poverty and insignificsnce saved them from the consequences of 
the bloody persecntion, to which the Protestants of Bohemia were 
exposed, at the period of the Thirty Years' War, and by which 
the laith of the Reformation was almost eradicated from that coun- 
try. The members of this commanily were thus enabled to band 
down, from generation to generation, the scriptmal doctrines and 
worship, which they accounted Iheir best possession, till the edict 
of toleration, promulgated in 1781, by tiie Emperor Joseph 11, 
secnred to them the hee exercise of their religion. In that year, 
their congregation was regularly organized, and a small church 
and miDialer's honse under one roof were erected at Krabschoeti, 
a village on the Elbe, about thirty miles to Uie north of Prague ; 
but their great poverty did not allow of the addition of a school- 
honse. Owing to die same cause, .the building was so poorly con- 
■imcted, and in bo unfavorable a locality, that it soon began to de- 
cay, and, for some time past, its condition has been atmoel ruinous, 
ihe pastor's dwelling being BC«rcely habitable. An experienced 
architect having given it as bis opinion, that every dollar expended 
upon such a structure would be so much money thrown away, it 
was at length determined to take measures for the erection of a 
new church and parsonage. After many delays and disappoint- 
ments, the desired permission was obtained from the civil author- 
ities, on the ISlh of April, 1851. Leave was also given, to re- 
move the establishment from Krabschuetz, where only a couple 
of Protestant families reside, to Lipkowitz, where a considerable 
number are to be found, and which is near the centre of the thirty 
Tillages and hamlets, through which the members of our liltle flock, 
about four hundred in number, are scattered. To this act of grace, 
a condition was however annexed, which has tended seriously to 
increase the diffieulties in which we are involved. It was required 
of us, thit we should build not tbe plaio modest-looking plua of 


worriitp w« had InKivded, bat k ehnrch with ■ stMple, «f mori 
inpoaing appearance, and to tlia ereetion of which, there wae Tea- 
ion to Buapect Aat Oar tnaan* might prove inadequate. Never- 
Uieless, we fdt it ear dut^ to accept the permUaion granted, on 
the terms proposed ; and, in reliance on the g;racioua help of the 
hord, we laid the foandation of the charch on the 19lh of Ha]r>, 
1S61. The eatiraated expense waa 8206 florins, or 693/. sUdinf, 
lowarda which we had in hand, when we commenced the work, 
■only 73/. Bterling, inclnding IM. 3a., the contribution of one ne- 
ceasitoas flock. How necessitous it is, you may gather from Ihe 
fact, of ita being able to raise only 10'. 16«. knnually, towards the 
Tnainienance of its pastor, with the addition of 1/. for fnel ; and 
even of this small salary, he received last year no more than 31. 
12s. That hetias in consequence to struggle with extreme pov- 
'erty, and to submit to manifold privations, may be readily con- 

Meanwhile, the work has made aome progress. Through the 
willing and unexampled exertions of the people themselves, who 
iiave labored at llie building, — both men, women, and children,— 
as far as their strength sod ability permitted, thb voof of the church 
waa raised, and the steeple finishml in October tif laat year, — but 
for the completion of the interior, the means have been almost en- 
'lirely wanting. In fact, a debt df 2001., which we were obliged 
'to contract for the pitrtdiase of materiala, and for which we have 
been threatened with prosecution by ^e more importunate of our 
creditors, would 'of itself have erippled our fnrther efforts. To- 
wards the liquidation of this debt, our peoplehave raised IB/. Vdt, 
Ad., but they are unable to offer any more, in lhe way of money, 
bowevfirTeady to give their labor. 

In this extremity, we have been encouraged bjr the recollection 
of the assiataiTce rendered to-oar fathers in 136] by the eoogre- 
gation at Herrnhut,— a congregation connected with the Evangel- 
ical Christianity of this land, and with Bohemia itself, by so many 
close and endearing ties, — to renew our applicalion to i he same 
quarter for the aupport -which we need. We eiitreat you, dear 
and eateemed Brethren, and that earnestly and confidently, to help 
us, for the second time, to build a house unto (he Name of the 
■Lord our God,>in which His >people may worship, and His Gos- 
pel may be preached, and not to suffer u% to become an object of 
scorn and derision to our Soman Catholic neighbors, by our ina< 
bilily to finish what we have begun (o build. 

Generous friends ! beloved fellow- belie vers ! extend to us Ihe 
hand of Christian charity. Ton will thus confer a great benefit 
on the cause of the Reformation in Bohemia ; for even under the 
exisling laws, the conversions from ipopery to a purer faith are 
neither few nor unimporlanL Protestant congregations in this 
eountry are easily dieeolved and disperaed, and thiB gathering of 



Hew onn ii Mtended with great diffienltias. Help iu, we beaeeeh 
jon, U> fiaish oor church and out hoinble paiaonage : thia done, 
we doubt not tliat the Lord will enable us to provide what ia na- 
ceaaary, not only for the aupport of our minialer, but likewiie for 
the erection, in due aeaaoni of a convenient Bcbool-houae al Lip- 

And may the L6rd, our Savior, voacbsafe His bleaeing to the 
effort we are now making, and incliue the hearla of our dear breth- 
ren and Chrietian friends to asaiet ua in our extremity ; giving 
them to feel, that He aceepla ' what is done unto the least among 
hia brethren as done unto Himaelf,* and to believe, that He will 
reward it accordingly. 

We remain, in fellowship of the Oospel, 
Tour faithful brethren, 
WmeiBiiXCB BiBisca, Potior of the Congregation at KrabtchuelZ' 
FaiHcii BiHEicH, Warden. Joan 8eatKi, Elder, 

JoBTT PonaiHiET, Elder'. FKAaeii Laaiirs, DiUo. 

Krabachueiz, Oct. 24th, 1892. 

The first fruita of the foregoing Appeal, wsa a collection in 
the congregation at Herrnhut, amounting to 164 dollars (or 23/.), 
of which br. Beyer, one of its members, undertook to be the bear- 
er. On his arrival at Krabschuetz, he found that the description 
given in the Appeal of (he generally prevailing poverty, was any- 
thing hut over-charged. The state of the pastor's house was re- 
ally distressing ; it contained no chairs, no cupboards, no chest of 
drawers. The furniture consisted chiefly of a few wooden stools, 
a rude table, and some pegs to hang clothea upon. The good 
.man shared his water-soup with h'ii friendly guest, and was quite 
overcome with thankfulness, when he received the gif^ sent from 
Qerrnhut, and heard of the articles of furniture and clothing which 
had been collected for his use, and for the relief of some of the 
poorer members of his flock. Br. Beyer was quite delighted 
with all he saw and heard of the poor people ; their Christisn 
spirit, tlieir simple manners, and their scriptural faith, shewn by 
their works, reminded him powerfully of the times, when the re- 
markable emigration from these countries look place, a century 
and a quarter ago, and when Christian David led his pilgrim-bands 
10 Herrnhut. Pastor Benesch is a single man, but has to support 
an aged mother, 70 years of age, who is the inmate of hia bumble 

In addition to the Herrnhut offering, br. Th. Reichel, of Gna- 
denberg, in Silesia, has collected 170 dollars (26/. 10>.), in aid of 
the Krabschueiz building- fund, of which 100 dollars are a dona- 
lion from his Majesty the King of Prussia. 


Any kind floatribntioas to Ae same obfeet will be thaaUvlly 10- 
ceived by the Hioisiere of the Brethren's Congiagations in Ofmi 
Britain SDd Ireland, by br. ^. MaUtditM, Tieunre i of the 8oei»- 
tj for the Furtherance of the Gospel, who will act aa Traaaorcr 
to the Fund, and by the ondenigaed 


SamlaiT to 'Out BnUinB'i (aumh Ib IntlmJ. 

London, Dee. I4th, 1862. 

7%e above intereatinf Appeal ia hereby also laid before our deai 
brethren and siatera and Chriitian friends in the United States of 
America.^Any kind contribniions to the same object will be 
thankfully received and forwarded by the undersigned, 

BethMieiii, Jan. SOlfa, 1868. 


jEAVES, eammunitattd 
to the ah of Dee., \Wi. 

1. From Labrador, br. and ar. Knaui and ar. Koemer retnmed 
in tte Hannooy, whieh arrived in Ijondon, on the SSih of Oct., 
with a company of foor children, who were to entei the sehools 
at Kleinwelke. Br. Knans had served the Labrador Miasion 37 
years, and will retire with his wife to Koenigafeld, Br, KreUdi- 
mer, who went oat in the Harmony, is stationed at Hopedale, 
whence br. and sr. Albrecht removed to Okkak, to fill the plaee 
of br. and sr. Knans, and br. Kern went to Hebron. 

The last year had been a trying season, in many respects, for 
Labrador. The winter had not Iwen very severe, but, fram the 
great quantity of snow and frequent slarms, proved nn&vorable 
to the purauitfl of the Esquimaux. In the thres moat northern 
stations, where this weather continued till late in the spring;, great 
scarcity prevailed, amounting in aome cases to actual famiaCr 
attributable in part to ths improvidence of the Esquimaux, who 
neglect laying up stores in due season, and in trade with the 
Soulhlanders are apt to parcbase various auperfiuities. Amoof 
the heathen, la the north of Hebron, the famine arose to aoeh a 
height, as lo prove the occasion of the most awful deeds. At 
Hopedale, during a violent storm, a boat belonging to ibe Eaqoi- 
maux Jonah, waa sunk with all its appurtenanoea ; the floating of 
wood was also rendered both diffieidl and dangerous by the lem- 



?islnon« weatter ; TPt, prnvidentiaDy, then were no liTeolML 
he health of the Misiionariei, upon the whole, was good; imoBf 
Ihe Eaqaimaux *t Naio, and particularly at Okkak, a great deu 
of ncknesB prevailed, in the Utter congregation, 17 deaths occur- 
red in Ihe enone of ibe wiater, accompanied, in many inetancea, 
with the erideneea of a happy departure. The spiritual state of 
tba congn^tions was fluctuating; amidst discouraging deviationSt 
Ibe work of the Spirit of God in tke hearts of many was nnde- 
aiable. Divine service in general was well attended; and 
IB the schoals, th« diligence and progreu of the children wat 
Ratifying. The Daily Texts, printed for the first time this year 
for the Eaqniniaux encouraged many to have family worship in 
the morning la their dwelliflgs. The Scripture Narratives, trans- 
kttd by br. Lnndbeq, and printed through the kindness of Dr. 
Barib at Calr, were likewise attended with a bleesing. At Hope- 
dale, in the spring, the new mission honse could be erected, with 
IhanUiiinesB to the Lord for the add and protection experienced. 
BebroB received bo accessions from the heathen living to the 
Borth j some of whom visited there for the purpose of trade, but 
turned a deaf ear to the admonitjoDs of the Missionaries, For 
the presente sent oiit from Europe by friends of the Mission, tlw 
warmest thanks are returned. 

3, Statements in the pubUc prints, relative to South Africa, 
va&der the termination of the protracted and destructive Kaffir 
war probable. Br. KUnghardt writes from Bnon, September ITth, 
tliat nnoe tbe latter part of July their neighborhood had been 
quiet. Of their Hottentots a good many had found employment 
eleewbere ; among those remaining, tiiere was more of harmony 
and ewitentmeni than for some time past, and the meetings were 
again well attended. The Missionaries enjoyed good health. 
The fields were eufiering from drought ; the gardens, however, 
could be properly attended to. 

S. At New Bethlehem in Jamuca, br. James Spence, warden 
of the misaion in that island, departed this Kfe Sept. 2Bth, after a 
lingering illness, -in the 3Aih year of his age. In some of the 
WeM India Islands, as in BL Thomas and Barbadoes, the yellow 
fever had made its appearance ; in our mission-families a few 
brethren had been attacked, but were recovered. 

4. At St. Petersbarg in Russia, the cholera had penetrated to 
onr Society-house, and br. Nielsen requested an interest in Ihe 
prayers of onr oongregatioin, in behalf of our brethren, and sia- 
lers, and friends in that capital. 

f . Br. and sr. Andrew Bau and br. Braner arrived safely Oet. 
ftA at Paramaribo. Br. Ban took charge of the school in town, 
>nd br. Braner was (o go to Charloltenburg. Br. and sr. Tbeod. 
Crani, br. Herman Olemens aid sr. Ban were driven back by ad- 
vene winda to Nienwendiep, on their voyage to Surinam. 


Lttttr from Br. P. H. Oapp. 

. Pbiudzlphia, Dec. 22d 1863. 
My dear Brother Seidel :— 

In mjr last communication I promised tO write soon again, and 
thia promise I will now fulfil. I will take this opportunity, toOi 
to Bay something concerning the misaionary work — a work in 
which I live, and of which, more than of anything else, I love to 
speak and write. To a soul that truly loves the Savior nothing 
upon earth affords greater joy, than to see our Lord glorified in 
the bringing of souls from death unto life, and thus to behold Hi> 
kingdom come. But when snch an one hears or reads bow others 
cheerfully toil on and furnish materials to the buildingof the Lord 
(1 Cor. 3, 9. 1 Pet. 2, 5.) he is not satisfied with rejoicing 
merely ; he is not willing lo be an idle spectator, but lays his own 
hand to the work. Above all does he love the petition which the 
Lord himself has put in his month — " Thy kingdom come ;" 
and therefore he lifts up heart and hands to the living God, with 
the undoubtiug assurance that He answers prayer. For such an 
one it is enough that He has said : " Atier this manner therefore 
pray ye," (Matth. 6, 9.) particularly as this command is much 
older than his petition. But a soul that loves Jesus will not only 
pray for, but also take an active part in, the work flf missions j 
knowing well that material means are likewise needful lo the ex- 
tension of the kingdom of Christ both at home and abroad ; he 
does this, because it gratifies his Lord, and not that he consider! 
it a work of merit. 

"WHb loTfl Hill thuika fat ChrFffi denth flU'd, 
He do« with jo7 nlut Cbrirt his will'd." 

To a soul that takes no part in the work of Misaiona, one may 
therefore truly say : Thou loveet neither thy Savior nor the breth- 
ren, I would therefore counsel every one to participate in th« 
Missionary cause, not for the sake of Missions alone, but for his 
own sake, — because there is a blessing connected therewith, and 
the lime may come when the Savior willsay to you after the man- 
ner in which He speaks in Matth. 25, 36 ; "I was without the 
word of God, and you brought it onto me." Not long since I 
learned a lesson upon this point from a poor woman, and I have 
not got over it yet. I related something to her aboutour missions 
amongst the heathen, when after a little, she went and fetched me 
a quarter of a dollar for the heathen missions ; knowing in what 
needy circnmstances she was, I refused to take it ; she however 
insisted upon my accepting it ; I told her that if she wonld onlf 


■Kon Htsnoti ttmixmtsvti. 01 

kebp it dnlil the w» able to fp«e il, 1 'woatd tbta take it ; but 
•he Replied : " tfl wait till I am able, I aball never be able,— *nd 
I am deairauB of doing eomelhing too." 

Now, dear brottier, in thia faith We have done what we could ; 
and although thia camiot be aaid of all, it can atiUbe said of aome. 
We havr met regularly on the firat Monday of each month (for 
BO we were accuatomed to do in Germany), read the reports of 
the Missione atnon^t the heathen, prayed lo our dear Lord, that 
He would protect Hia messengera in heathen lands, and crown 
their teatimony with blessing and success, and do not doubt but 
that our "prayers have come up for a memorial before God." 
We took up a collection, loo, after every one of theae meetings, 
for the benefit of the missions amongst the heathen, by which 
means we this year realized the sum of twenty'three dollars, 
fifteen dollars of which 1 herewith tranamit to the mission agency 
through you, having sent you the other eight dollara last aummer 
already. It is not nxuch, it la true, but yet it is aomething. Of 
course we have no rich memfaera amongst ua ; we are poor and 
few in number, yet we would fain contribute, though it be but a 
small stone, (o the -waUs of Jerusalem ; for we love Zion, and de- 
sire thai she might be built. Neither can we help confeaiing that 
auch missionary meetings were a great blessing to our own aouls. 
Ah, how does our faith rejoice, when we hear that brethren and 
sisters are daily being bom unto our dear Savior, yea, and shall 
coQUnue to be bom as the dew of the morning. How could we 

Sray each Sunday, " O praise the Lord all ye heathen ; praise 
Mm all ye nations," and yet not lay our hand to the work at 
bringing the sweet gospel of peace unto them, that they might ex- 
tol and praise him ? Who can love Jerusalem, and not aisiat in 
building up her walls, which, aa it is, are so greatly rent T 

Concerning the mission under my charge, I have not many 
particulars to relato. Our strength ia sm^l, but we have open 
doors and open hearts, loo. When we would labor for the king- 
dom of Christ at large, we have a great field before us here ; but 
if we wiah to work for onr own church, then our sphere of labor 
becomes very small. By those who seek their Christianity in 
forma, we are r^arded as a sect not posseaaed of the true doc- 
trine, and even ^r we have convinced them of the contrary) 
we BtitI have not their form and name. Such, on the other hand 
M love the Lord Jeaua in truth, are one with ui and extend lo n> 
the hand of brotherhood. I continue to labor as heretofore ; 
every day I go amongst the emigrants, once a month I visit the 
Germane in prison, I diatribute aa many tracts as I can, and main 
calls to the aick and dying. There are so many doora of useful- 
neas opened unto me, that I hare both hands Aill. O I that I were 
only more faithfiil I Daily do I beseech the Lord that He would 
not withhold hia bleiaing from Ibb work on tCcmint of my ua- 



faithfulness. But again I know, too, that my Lord is with me ; 
I can plainly feel in my wanderings that He is present, and does 
not leave hia poor servant alone. Thougli the fruitof my activity 
ean not be perceived by the natural eye, yet our faithful Lord 
Permits me now and then, (for my encuuragement} to discover 
diat my labot is not altogether in vain. Oh ! that we were a 
faithful, praying, end in all respects obedient, people : then would 
He bless us abundantly ; for, although we by our own strength 
can do nothing, yet the growth of Christ's kingdom upon earth 
is proportionate to the activity of the Christian Church. 

Dear Brethren, pray for us, also : we are willing to carry on 
the Lord's work, amidst reproach and poverty ; we know that it 
is not for nought, chough He often couceels it from our sight, in 
order to " preserve us from the unhappy desire of becoming great." 
Br. Kondthaler will ere long, I hope, give you a more detailed 
account of our mission here. Salute all dear brethren and sisters 
in the Lord, and receive my hearty salutations for yourself from 
TOUT humble brother in Christ, 


Br. Barstow writes from Coatssvillb, lod., under dale of 
December 31st, 1852. 

We are still in the cabin, and expect to be till next Spring — 
three dbmal, miry miles from Post-office, store, and blacksmith's 
shop. The cabin ia cold and without repaira, which we don't 
feel able to make i is a place of suffering, and, in cloudy days, of 

Our daily prayer is, that "patience may have hei perfect work" 
—that ve may be " wise as serpents and harmless as doves"— 
and yet firm and uncompromising in the discharge of duty after 
it is made clear to ua what duty is." 

We feel like renewing the oft-repeated request, "Brethren 
pray for us." 



VALLEY, B*»T 8in«, Wa.b.itbtok Co., N. T. 


BsKTBitsif AND SiSTEU IN THE LoRD. — Again has our kind 
and merciful Father in Heaven, supported, guided, and preserved 
us through another year. CaUing to mind at an hour like tba 
present all Hit past, gracious dealings with us, surely every heart 
ahould be filled with pralae, for the trying, as well as teas afflictive 
mtrcies which have, in one way or another been laid upon us 



for OKI spiTitUBl good. While some of iia have, according to ex- 
ternal appearances, dwelt in one continued sunshine of happiness 
and prosperity, olhers have experienced (he gloom of sadness and 
grief, whea the dark clouds of affliction enveloped them for a sea- 
eon. But the heart knoweth its own bilterness, and therefore 
well for all, if we can this day, rejoice in the Lord, having ob- 
tained from Him that peace of mind which passeth all understand- 

As regards temporal things, we entered this year well provided 
by a kind Providence, who foresaw the long and trying winter 
months, which prolongad their unwonted cold, in an unusual man- 
ner, BO that the earth lay shrouded in a mantle of snow for five 
months, during which we also had degrees of cold, that seemed 
to have transported us into the midst of a polar winter.* It waa 
therefore wilh gladsome hearts that we hailed the bright sunshine 
of spring, before which (he frozen earth yielded reluctantly ; and 
the refreshing showers of heaven watered the fields and the hus- 
bandman could ,soon prepare the ground, and scatter the seed, in 
expectation of the promised harvest. But our faith was to be 
tried ; and the summer, though short, brought with it days whose 
heal cuuld compare with that of more southern regions jt and al- 
so a drought, which continued for such a length of lime, that 
many perennial aprings were dried ; and the sky seemed like 
brass overhead, though often overcast with clouds which we in 
vain hoped would pour upon us the long wished for rains. In 
consequence our fears increased, — and the lowing of the cattle, as 
well as the bleating of the flocka, united with the prayers, of men, 
for the lifesustaining water, which but ^ere and there trickled in 
tiny Blreamtets from the mountain sides. But the Lord, "who 
is righteous in all Hia ways, and holy in all his works" did in 
His good time, satisfy thisour desire ; and also gave us the time 
for ingathering; and though our harvest was not so abundant, 
as at other seasons, — though our barns are not so well filled with 
provender as they have been, — God has given us sufficient ; — our 
weak faith haa been graciously checked ; and the Iiord'a faithful- 
ness stands forth, as ever, for our implicit coafidence, in the bright 
characters of that goodaesB of His which has crowned another 
year. Wherefore, " give thanka unlo the Lord, for He is good, 
and let all flesh bless His holy name for ever and ever." 

As regards the religious state of our small congregation, and 
the community around ua, there is much, for which lo praiae the 
Lord, and much for which to accuse ourselves in deep shame and 
abasement. Almost without intermission hare we been able lo 
wait upon the Lord on His own hallowed Days. At other times 
also have we met in His courts lo humble ourselves before Hioii 

* On Jwun aotta, Uu VtmoTj Moardliic to lUmnlMU na 22° twiow Zm. 
t Iha Vetaaj wu fretimiU; u lUgh Jm° ud IW, la Jul; and Anput 



■nd to rmder thanki^vings far tho bloNingi of Hia fraee and 
provideiioe. During (he Seaaon of Lent, we deroted ouf Wedr 
nesday Evening Diacoursea to the spei^ia) coosideratiua of tha 
different words, or sentences, ipoken by the Savjur while on th« 
cross. On March I4lh we held the Third Anniversary of oni 
Auxiliary Home Mission Society, on which orcaiiion an appropri- 
ate Sermon was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Eldridge, of the Bap< 
tist Church, (Shushan). On Whit Sunday (May 30th} the Bible 
and Tract cause was more especially laid before us; and on 
Angosl 22d that of Foreign Uiseioas, at both which limes suiiabU 
services were held, to create a deeper interest, if possible, in be- 
half Qf these noble Inslitutions, which, going hand in hand are 
destined to evangelize the world. On Thursday, Nov. 25lh, ws 
obserred Thanksgiving Day, and had one public service. At 
five different times we have aaseoibled around the Table of the 
Lord, and partaken of that spiritual repast, instituted for the special 
nourishment snd strengthening of the faith of God's people. Of 
additional services, we hare had one infant baptism, one marriagei 
and one funeral ; the last that of the only person, within our cir- 
cle, who has departed during the last twelve months. 

We re-opened our Sunday School on the 2d of May, and a 
fortnight after, began a new S. S. in the West Sandgate (Vt.) 
School House, (about two miles distant.] both of which have, 
more or less given much encouragement to all interested in lliem. 
On Wednesday, Nov. Sd, we had our S. S. celebration, which 
look place in our Church, and afforded an instructive enlerlain- 
ment and pleasant interview for all present. During the paat 
year we have circulated sixty copies of the Child's Paper, and 
many Tracts — as well as provided additional Books for the Li- 
braries of our two Sunday Schools, snd we trust that the good 
influence thereof, will prove of lasting benefit to our scholars, and 
be one means under the divine blessing, of bringing about iheir 
conversion, and the salvation of their souls. 

The whole number of public services at which we have been 
enabled to officiate during another year, has been upwards of one 
hundred — and may the Lord grant that they have not been in 
vata to ouraelf and to our hearers. And Qod forbid that while 
preaching to others, we or any of His ministering servants, should 
become castsways. The small number of onr Communicanl 
members haa received several additions, by the removal into our 
onr neighborhood of a family from one of our sister congregations. 

However mnch we hoped that some of the young persona 
who have very regularly attended the services of our church and 
whoee serious deportment in general, made a favorable impression 
on 9ur mind,— would feel and express a desire to make a pro- 
fession of religion, and unite with us aa members of a truly evan- 
gelical branch of the Chorch of Christ, — tbit haa not yet uImb 


COMMtoinCATlON. 85' 

^ee. May the Lord therefore so work upon such Muli bjr Hii 
Word sod Spirit, that they will aoon step forward and assuoie 
His name and eauae, and cast in their lot with His people. 

Whilevef of a religious feeling may have at times pervaded 
our commanily, il was. certainly paiaful, at one period to diink 
that the pernicioDB and anti scriptural principles of some of the 
very worst features of fanatical imposture, (spirit-rappers), should 
find even the least degree of encouragement among us. But as 
the agents of this work of darkness seem to have outwitted them- 
selves, we trust that henceforth Iher and their deluding principles, 
with all similar doctrines that lend to deceive men and drown 
their souls in perdition, will be cast out from among us, as a part 
and parcel of those dangerous heresies which the Aposlle tells us 
hUe teachers shall privily declare, to the awOi destmclton of all 
their deluded followers. 

Though so oft repealed, we must again, at this hour exhort and 
arge all to make that proper use of the means of grace which they 
possess that they shall prove to them savors of life unto life, and 
not of death unto deatli. Let all, daily search the Scriptures, 
Tt^Iarly attend the House of* Worship on the Lord's Day, and 
whenever opportunities offer at other limes ; and lifl up the voicfi 
of prayer and supplication, not only at the opening and closing of 
every day, but strive to possess thai spirit of prayer, which should 
at dt limes be our vital breath, our native air. 


We have with much interest and concern resd the report of the 
Minisiere' Conferenre, and along wiih others, sympathiss ranch 
with them in Iheir efforts, in tearehii^ out the cause of the unflmir* 
iahing condition ofour beloved Church. WhUe Ihe motives tbst 
called for this meeting were highly meritorious, we feel that the 
eonsideralion of this momentous subject should not be confined 
to Ihe clerical branch of (he Brethren's family, but that all parM 
of it, having a deep interest in the matter, have a right and doty 
to perform in its discasaion. It is therefore that we desire to ex- 
press ourselves, upon some points at least, that were examined 
during the late conference. 

We observe that the question as to " what is the peculiar His«- 
ion of the Brethren's Church in this country," wss a promineDt 
mbjeet of discussion. Can this Church have received a different 
commission from any other true and evangriical Church of Christ t 
Did Christ establish more Aan one guide, rule, and law,— mot* 
Hon one religion 1 7'he Gospel scheme has but one end aad 
aim, (ha salvation of mankind ; tliecetiwe every step tbu eonduets 
M (hat grand dijeet, ii the Miario* of the Cfaureh. — 



•• oomnmicATtoN. 

Aod it follo#B, that the more earnest ttnd zealous we are in (at- 
ing those steps, the more closely shall the Church fulfil the lofty- 
Mission and trust assigned to it. The drooping state of ths 
Church, the ihadequate fniils discernable from the labors in thia 
country of a past century, are abashing evidence, (hat these steps 
and means for the advancement of the Cause of Christ, have in 
a great degfee, been neglected. — True, it is argued, that our in- 
Btiiulioas are peculiar and do not admit of great numbers or of a 
wide extension. If this be true, if that glorious gospel light, that 
I trust is hidden nilhin this small circle and so smothered even 
there, that the light burus dim and i^heerless to those favored to 
sit around it ; are such institutions any longer of value ! are they 
worth preserving? — Can they not be replaced by those of a more 
heavenly savor 1 of a more expansive and generous nature ? and 
which, like the love of Jesus, would clasp the whole world in its 
genial, wide embrace T 

In connection with this, is it not worthy of consideration, wheth- 
er or no, from accident and habit, matters vital to all, and in which 
all should take an inierest and a share, have not been left to, or 
imposed too exclusively upon, the Clerical brethren. — The Bible 
bears conclusive evidence, that alt may take a share in the esien- 
sioti of Christ's Kingdom. In Romans, chap. 16, we find Atat 
the work of the gospel and the dissemination, of the knowledge 
of Christ was not confined to the Apostles — men and women in 
ordinary occupations of life, labored " commendably" in His 
cause. Phebe was '"Hervanl of the Church" and " succoured 
many" — Priscilla and Aquilla were Paul's helpers in Christ Je- , 
sus — Mary, Andronicus and Jiinia, were " of note among the A- 
postles" — Urbane and StHchys, Appellee, H^rodeon and Narcissus, 
Tryphana and Tryphosa " labored in the Lord" &c. And in th» 
esperience of our own Church in its diclensions, has it not fre> 
quently been revived and restored in times past, to renewed seal, 
energy and increase by the pious activity of private individuals, 
and would not reflection bring the names of many such as encour- 
aging examples to us T 

And ir we look abroad among other christian denominations, 
are not those found to be the must zealous, energetic and flourish- 
ing, where the lay-membera are the most actively employed T la 
those bodies we find deep piety, self-denial and spiritual grace — 
we find in them that life in Christ, which we ofWn assume as pe- 
culiarly characteristic of our own. — 

We rarely see in a society thus constituted, a continnst falling 
off amongst its members — their activity makes them an essentid 
part of the body from which they will not be separated. And 
this is a great source of life and encouragement to their ministry. 
—Aided by this earnest and sympathetic band, they are powerlnt 
for good— they inspire them with the requiaite confidence asd 


oOHiiniiicATniN. 67 

ability to arhievs great advances in theit Master's cM8e.-~Nezt 
to the Btrengtb derived fTom Christ, the laietj is the chief souiee 
of support to the ministry, and without their co-operation, it is «l 
best but a head without a body — a company of officers without a 
soldiery to make their designe effectual, — Arouse private indiTid- 
uals from a state of paBsivenesa to one of activity — give them 
confidence, urge them to, taka a share in church- affairs — accom- 
plish this, and we shall no longer have to mourn over a languish- 
ing and declining church. 

The lail^ too are a consf^cvalive body and have an intereai ia 
the church of a less interested nature than the clergy. Human 
beings are by nature selfish, seeking their own aggrandizement, and 
this common failing of humanity appears in the Church, as well 
as in the world. All experience and history prove, that a clerical 
body without the conservative influence of a laity, are too apt to 
cherish its own welfare and power, to the detriment of the Church's 
interest. The lay-influence forms the strongest safe-guard and 
bulwark against this tendency of human nature. 

It is said that the " ministers' conferences" are not of a legisla- 
tive character. If this be granted, still may not that (rhich is 
tantamount to it grow out of them ? For in these assemblies mat- 
ters of vital importance are discussed, and conclusions more or 
lees arrived at by that body which has always been the most fully 
represented, and which have had the majority in all legislative 
CDUOcils. Consequen^y when the day for action arrives its mem- 
bers have determined what course ihey will pursue; while the 
lay brethren, who have not had the advantage of previous delib- 
eration and interchange of thought will be unprepared and incapa- 
ble of taking a share, understand ingly, in the acts and transacliona 
of the body, so that an essential ingredient for good, will, to all 
intents and purposes, be discarded from the Church's councils. 
Besides, the congregations are far apart, and have so little inter- 
course with each other, that they are not, like the clergy, prepar- 
ed to act together. They have not either, like other denomina- 
tions, the means of communieaiion, and of the expression of their 
opinions through a church paper. For all practical purposes their 
influence is a nulMly. It is asingulsr anomaly, that white no other 
christian body of clergy profese to be raised so few degrees above 
their flocks, there are not many others where private influence 
and weight ia so feeble and so litde exercised. This in itself is 
a snlBcient cause for dechne and degeneracy in any church. 

We ate happy to observe that the family feature of brotherhood 
prevailing among us was pointedly acknowledged by one member 
of the laie conference when he remarked "that we call ourselves 
brethren, and we are such in a special degree." The Brethren'! 
Chnrch is a great family in which one member is equal to another, 
where there ianDmarkeddistincltonbelweentheclergy and laity." 



The above coitBidcr*lion> lead lo the conclosioD that sll interests 
should bare a doe TepreeeiitaUoii in all eccleiiaatical canferencesi 
tbat as tbe aim of all aiich auembliea should be for tbe w«lfsr* 
of die whole bodj of the Church, every pari of thai body ehoold 
perform iU fuDctione and have its legitimate iofluBnce and reprc- 

A. B. G. 


True humility ia a sweet and blessed grace. It is (be product 
of Almighty power. How calm is tbe bumble sodI 1 Whilal 
storms and tempeats rage with unrelenting fury amongst tbe proud 
and haugbty of mankind ; a serene and lovely sky smiles over 
those, who are clothed with humility. To promote this desirable 
stale of heart, it is very useful (o study those characters, on which 
itiGniie truth has stamped a worth, which revolving ages cannot 
diminish nor impair. Such are Enoi-h, Noah, Abraham, Job, 
David, Daniel, and many others who shine tike stars in the book 
of God. 

We cannot but be struck whilst taking this survey with the 
blessed testimony, which God gave lo Caleb, Num. 14, 24. He 
is there said to be a man " of another spirit" from the unbebeving 
Israelites around him, and "to have followed the Lord fully," at 
a lime when a most awful defeciioa look place amongst the pro- 
fessed people of God. 

To follow the Lord fully, is indeed a great work ; and yet, 
Bothing less than this will bring us to Heaven. The work is the 
Lord's. " By grace are ye saved, through faith ; and thai not «f 
yourselves : it is the gifl of God." 

To follow the Lord fully, I must have a lively faith in the 
promisea of God made lo roe in Jesus Christ j I must experieoee 
the love of God, shed abroad in my heart through the Holy Qhosl 
given unto roe ; I roust have a good hope throueb grace, a hope 
fall of immortality : I roust feel the sweet drawings of the Spirit, 
uniting me closer to Jesus in heart and affection. 1 must renounce 
' all self-dependant, and all creature de)jendance : I must renounce 
both my sins and my own supposed righteousness : I must quit 
the flattering vanities of the world, and labor to subdue the lusts 
of the flesh : I must be willing to bear the cross, to deny myself, 
and lo do anything for Christ : I mnst submit to the righteousness 
of God : yea, esteem it so inestimably precioua. aa lo count all 
Uiingf else in comparison of it, but dung »id dross : t must have 
my will swallowed up in the holy, sovereign will of God ; I miist 


Ge IMMive in Hi* haod, whilst acliveljr mgaged in hie gerrie*, b» 
mg ever deairoua, with childlike simpliciiy, to do atid sofier >t lU 
times, and in aU places, the will of my heavenly Father. If thu 
be to follow the Lord luUy, then, my aoul, lie prostnle at hia 
feet in shame and confiiaion of face. 

God will not accept of a divided heart. To follow htm fully, 
I must follow hio] only. The language of the church is : " Oth- 
er lords besides ihee have had dominion over me ; but by thee 
only, will I make meniion of ihy name." '■ Whom have I in 
heaven but thee, and there is none upon earth I desire besides 
ihee." " The Lord is my poriion, eaith my aoul." O that thia 
may be the language of my heart ! I can never know true peace, 
till JesDB reign the unrivalled Sovereign of my atTcctions. Bless- 
ed Savior 1 be thou my only Savior. Lei me nol trust in any 
thing but thee. Lei me luve nothing but thee, or for thy sake. 
May I love thee supremely, and love all thy people, because they 
belong to thee. 

To follow the Lord fully, I must follow him at all times ; not 
only when the sun shines, but when the tempest lours. This of- 
ten puts faith and love to the severest trial, when the line of duty 
runs through rugged paths and hostile foes. Yet, if I draw back 
in the day of trouble, I cannot follow the Lord fully. I must not 
choose mp path, but " run with patience the race which is set be- 
fore me." I must stitl keep in the narrow way, however few 
there be who walk in it, or however uufashionable this path may 
be, amongst the rich and learned of the earth ; ever remembering 
that the promise of eternal life is made to ihoae only who are 
found in the King's high way of holiness. If through fear of 
men, or love of ease, I deviate into bye-paths and crooked ways, 
to avoid the difGculliea of the road, I shall assuredly £nd them 
multiply upon me, without one sustaining promise ; for, thus sailh 
the Lord, " If any iqan draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure 

The entire surrender of the heart lo God, is the work of the 
Spirit ; for, " a man can receive nothing, except it be given him 
from heaven." Nothing short of this will bring us to glory. — 
Nothing short of this can give true assurance, peace, and joy. 
I can never taste the real comforts of religion, till I follow the 
Lord fully. 

But how great is the happiness of the true follower of Jeaus. 
His sins are blotted out. His soul is beautified with salvation. 
He has no double aims. All his intentions are simple aed siDgl»; 
hie oiie desire is lo promote the glory of his God and Savior, 
His heart is the abode of peace. His hotjee the dwelling-place 
of joy and gladness. He has his conflicts, and he has his com* 
forts. He has his sorrow, and he has his support God is his 
Father, Angels minister to him, and all things work together fm 



liis good, He may be hated of men, but he is beloved of God. 
He may have lo pass thraagh deep waters, but underneaUt are 
everlasting arms. He may often groan being burdened, but in 
heaven all bis leara shall be wiped away. He shall there follow 
the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. He sfaall there experience 
the eternal blessedness of that glorious promise : " He that over* 
«ometh, shall inherit all things : I will be his God and he shall 

blest Redeemer, fill my soul 
Wiih love and grace divine : 
Subdue the power ot ev'ry sin. 
And make me wholly thine. 

In thee, oh Christ, may I be found, 
From every blemish free : 
Though vile and worthless in myself. 
Yet all complete in thee. 

Oh ! send thy Holy Spirit, Lord, 
In larger portions down 
To witness with my waiting heart, 
And seal me for thine own. 

May holiness my life adorn. 
May all my soul be love ; 
May ev'ry wish be formed by Iheet 
And placed on things above. 

Thus will a holy evidence 
Confirm that I am thine : 
And faith, by works made manifest, 
Shall prove the work divine. 

** Commune with your own heart." Psalm 4. 4. 

" JeeoB went up into a mountain to pray-" Hatth. 14. 38. 

" Hy meditation of him shall be sweet." Psalm 104. 84. 



1, Br. JohnRenatDB Schmiilt, farmer Misaionary among the In- 
diana, departed ibis life at Salem, N. C, Dec. Itth 1852, in the 
69th yeai ot hia age. 

2. Earlf oa the montiiig of the 19th of Janoary, br. William 
Henry Van Vleck, bishop of the Brethren's Church, and Senior 
Pastor of the Bedilehero Congregation, was suddenly called to his 
reat^in the 63d year of hit age. 

In the removal of this faithful servant of our Lord, the Ameri- 
can Branch of the Brethren's Unity has been deprived of one of 
her most endeared and gi Red members; and it only needs this 
announcement uf his death to call forth one universal feeling of 
regret at our Church's loss. His eulogy ie already written in the 
heart of every one that truly knew him, and we therefore forbear 
from multiplying words in his praise. 

" Surelu he shall not be moved for ever : the righteoui ahail 
it in eoeTlMting remetnbrance." Ps. 112. 6. 

CoHTRiBiTTioNB to FoREioN MISSIONS. — Eratom : Lancaster 

Hiss, collection in January number for t20 read 26 30 

Miss, collection in Nazareth in October 1862, 16 11 

proceeds of a miss, fair in I^tiz Boarding School 10 — 

collections in Phila., through br. P. H. Gapp. 15— ~ 

donation of br. Nath. Btickensderfer, Erie, Fa. 50 — 
donation of a friend in Newport R. L, per br. Seidel. 1 — 


Donation of a friend in Newport R. I. per br. Seidel 14 — 
" » Camden, N. Y.,perhr.E. Reichel 2 — 

CoMTRiBDTioMS TO HoME MISSION s.^Rec'd Subscrip- 
tions and Donations from York Auz. Society and friends 
to the Home Miss, cause, per Br. S. Reinke • 43 — 

Rec'd. donation from G. A. Heckert, of York per same 1 — 
" " " Little Girls' Sunday School at 

Bethlehem 10 — 

" " " a brother in Bethlehem 5 — 

" " " Jno. Fahs, farmer, York, S — 

" " " a Gentleman per Sr. Connelly, 1 60 

" additional receipts from laat years' Fair of Ladles 

of Betiilehem, 12 87i 

" contribution from Camden Aux. Soc, in part, 10 — 

" donation of Moravian Female Sewing Society at 

Lancaster 90 —• 



New Tork.—kht B Clark, •20. Mr Tbomae, 1851 '62 'S3, 

OAto.— David Fishel. - 

Tork. — MisB Louise Miller. Sarah Boring, Mra G SmyHC, 
Mrs P Small, Cath Kraber, M Himes, Ellen Parkhurat. Anna 
Weiser, Beiij H Weiser, Henry Latimer, Henry Lanius, Samud 

Hope Th C Luedere, Th L Lueders, John Essex, 'S3, 

Butiner, Joseph Reed, David Reed, Elijah Hoaier, Mrs Helintla 

Iowa. — H M'Coy, 

iVo«are(A.— Rev Th Hoffedilz, Chr Leibfried. Dr Ph Walter, 
'63, J F Beck, Miss E Daniel, Th Clewell. for '51 and '62. 

Graceham. — Mrs Maria Suess, Rev A Reinke. 

Salem (N C) Subscribers, «30. 1863. 

/nrf— Mr Philips, '53. 

Canal Dover.—Misa Delia Kellen, J J DeardorC '53. 

Bethlehem.— Mias E Rieksecker, H Conelly, Maria Smith, 
E Lilliendahl, Mrs N Bagge, Mrs Hsrtman, H^nry Luckenhach, 
J Oerter for L Oerter, C A Lvckenbach, '62 and '53, Rev Sylr 
Wolle, til., Val Rau, Simon Ran, J T Borhek, Ch Knauss, 
J F Rauch. Miss Ctmnelly for Mrs DeFrance and Wm. Horst- 

Lebanon.— 4 Schener. 

Camden. — Mra H'Nish, Levi Gray, Wm Gray, H HottoDi 
Rev Ed Reichel. 

Staten Island. — Mrs E Vanderhilt, Ann Lake, Sarah Burhankr 
Mary Swaim, James Coyne, John Wood, Capt Wm Coie. 

Shade Island. — James A Green, for IT Subscribers, $17. 


JOURNAL of br, Jaeobson'e visit to. Indiana and'Obio, 
REPORT of the Directors of tbe Soc. for jitopagsting the Gospel 

alSBlam, N. C. 
1 CORINTHIANS 3. 2. - - - - - . 

INCIDENTS from Reports of Hqaie Misaonaries in Germajiy 
COMML'NICATfON - - . -■,■■. 

HOME MISSION INTELLIGENCE- ■ :■ ■ ' - ^ ■' -■■ 
MISCELLANEOUS - - .--■■.-.. 



Apply to " TJie Editor of the Moravian Church MisceUany," at Bethlehem / 

Aito -■ to Revd. David Bigler, No. 51i2 Houston st. N. York, and to 

Rcvd. Edm. EandlhaSr, No. 74 Racest. P/iila,; Lancaster, 

or at the Brethren's EsUthUAraerUs id Nazweth, 

Litiz, etc., Penna, ,■ and SaJem, N. Carolina. 



■i, HuMoira av&no tbb hiathbn, or t'oKUfiti JHiWotii. 

By the Society for the furtherance of the Goipel, ItO — 

Bemi-annusI collections at Salem, IIS ^t 

" " " Bethania fl 03 

" " " « Prledbe»g 8 SI 

Tonng Men's Hiwioitary Society 47 — 

Female Missionary Society 120 — 

. Juvenile Sewing Society 9 — ■ 

b., HOMZ MiSBIONfl. 

By Salem Home HiMion Society STi 4B 

IndiTidatil donaliotu ISO •— 

Young Ladisa Sewing Society t7 — 

Juvenile Sewing Society 87 — 

IUoaiT*d by It«T. CbaHe>T. EMdri, $IS,brit«Mol|ectiao«Mda«tPn«4- 

^N. C. thMDgfa tlw Rav. F. He«ni fi)T (b* mw -Mmwmii Cbukfa ia 
liicki M. It. 



Moraotan €l)urcl) JEiactUana. 

MAnCH, isss. 

[CODtiuDed fKnu paga 3SS.] . 

Not many houts afier parting with my dear travelling compan- 
ioD, br. Seidell at Cleveland, I found myself rushing up the valley 
of the Cayahoga, which divides Ohio-Cily frorti Cleveland, on 
my way to our Indiana congregations. The most expeditious 
route lies by Cincinnati and Madison in Indiana; a remarkably 
good railroad runs through the heart of the Slate of Ohio from 
Cleveland to Cincinnati ; the distance of 253 miles is passed over 
in about 12 hours, including many eloppagea. Thecarsare fitted 
up with the usual elegance and conveniences, and were crowded 
with passengers. After leaving the neighborhood of Cleveland, 
we passed through a pan of the slate which had the appearance 
of a newly settled country, clearings and •' deadenings" and prim- 
itive loghouses alternating with long tracts of wild woodland, 
where the extraordinary quantities of Eupatorium perfoliatum 
with their clusters of deep red tlowrets, and large beds of Lobelia 
cardinalis with their scarlet flowers, made the comparative desert 
blossom like a rose. The many larger and smaller towns, which 
we passed and stopped at in the course of the day, almost without 
exception bore evident marks of rapid progress ; the appearance 
of the extensive fields of wheat and Indian corn testified to the 
fertility of the uoil, and together with the numerous herds of 
horned cattle, sheep and other stock, and the comfortable though 
plain houses with all the appurtenances and conveniences of a 
complete farm, gave ample evidence, thai the high reputation of 
the stale for natural advantages is well founded. 

At about LI o'clock in ihe night we reached Cincinnati without 
atiy acoident, except running into a baggage car, which had been 
left on the track ; no injury, however, was sustained by our train. 

The following morning at U o'clock I took passage on'one of 



Un eteganl pacltel-bcwla to Midison, which Inn daHj «t nooo. 
It stribei one at first sight, that not a sail is to be seen on the 
river, wbile a hundred steamboat cbiroDeys in close array along 
the wharf take the place of the forest of maats in a sea-port 
The rirer was very low at ibts time, and the passage intricate 
between the many sand banks, which somclimea appeared to 
atreich quite across the river, until on eloser approach a very nar- 
row passage opened near one of the shores ; with great difficulty 
we passed a boat aground. The Ohio shore for a considerable 
diatancB ia rather tame, while the Kentucky shore presents a suc- 
cession of forest-covered hills and valleys, exhibiting, as the ens 
declined In the heavens, most beautiful alternations between strong 
lights and deep shades. Many farms, charming country seals, 
the green lawns in front of the mansions often sloping down to 
the water's edge, and occasiohallv a small town unfolded to the 
eye of the traveller an everchanging tableau of romantic scenery. 
Soon after 3 o'clock we passed North Bend. Many of the pas- 
sengers gazed in silence on the spot, which called up Teminiseen- 
ees of the lamented Harrison. The Monument over his grave 
can be descried on an elevated site under the shade of noble trees* 
but hia residence is bidden from view by the high and hilly banks 
of the river. One of the most beautiful epdls on the Ohio side 
is Aurora, iiesded among high hills, houses and country-seats being 
scattered along their slopes in every direction. 

Qur boat reached its place of destination, Sladison, at abotfl 
II o'clock at nighL The cara for Columbus not leaving before 
7 o'clock the next morning, the passengers remain on board during 
the night, nor do they leave in the morning before they have par- 
taken of a plentiful breakfast. Madison ia a thriving town ; it 
lies in a valley or plain several miles wide on the river shore, 
narrowing towards the hills behind. Soon after leaving the depot, 
we found ourselves slowly and laboriously ascending an inclined 
plane of several miles, partly between perpendicular walls of solid 
rock of some 50 or 60 feet in height, through which a passage for 
the cars had been cut. As we rose the country beneath opened 
gradually to our view in its diversified beauty. Af\er a short de- 
lay at the lop, we proceeded at a rapid rate through well cullivattd 
farms ; the large fields of Indian com of the height of 10 or 12 
feel, substantial farmhouses, the size of the trees that fringed the 
(ielda, all gave unmistakable indicalioas of the uncommon ricbnesa 
of &e soil. By and by the farms ceased, and we rushed through 
a wild heavy- timbered country, until we reached the neighborhood 
of Columbus, from which our congregation of Hope is about IS 
miles distant. Here you leave the Cars, which proceed to Indian- 
apolis. Hiring a private conveyance, I Sooh was on my way tt> 
Hope ; the road at this seatdh of tfie ^ear was Very good, ^nd I 
p«8tly enjoyed the ride tbraugh ft^ Uajei^tiG fomt, whwe db«p 


j4i»4|> «»* %b mvn >ffi>rfe4 f» '"7 wwptablf relief frm >ftf 
Qqmiqg rS7H of the aiaa. Abnut 6 o'clock, as we emerged froifi 
tbe la«t Blrip of wooda, on a alight elevatioD, Rope, vi^ ita re^ 
nl^rly built houses, ip^nj of tbeia paipled white and lighted iip 
by the raya of the evening sun, unexpectedly burst on our view, 
while close upon our lef^ the church and parsonage, with iheir 
open green lawn in front and large forest-trees for a back- 
ground, arrested our attention and our movements. I soon fonnd 
myself most cordially welcome under the hospitable roof of oar 
dear br. and ar. Clauder, and more than two weeks passed but too 
rapidly in the midst of Uiis dear family, and of the congregation, 
the time being fully occupied with visiting our brethren and sisters 
in town and in Uie neigbboihood, and enjoying their affectionate 

I could hardly realize the fact, that not much more than [20 
years ago the first tree wis felled for the first house in town, in 
the then wilderness. The commencement of this congregation in 
183Q, in several of its features, calls to mind the beginning of 
Rermbut on the 17th of June 1722, and the first tenement being 
sufficiendy advanced for the occasion on that day in 183U, this 
memorial day was celebrated for the first time as the Anniversary 
of Hope, with great solemnity. Through the untiring exertions 
of br. Martin Hauser, the Western pioneer of the Brethren a 
Church, under many difficulties, through which nothing but an 
unshaken reliance upon divine aid could have carried him, under 
the blessing of the Lord a congregation was established. Thirty 
three souls, viz : 12 adults of 21 children and youth formed the 
nucleus of thia community, which has since grown to about 400 

The greater nnmher of them have moved here from Wachovia 
in North Carolina, in order to improve their outward condition, 
exchanging worn out farms for a soil of great fertility. The 
Hawpatch, near which Hope is situated, is well known lo be one 
of the richest sections of Indiana. Great must have been the la- 
bor and perseverance of the first settlers in clearing the ground of 
its heavy timber ; and besides the hard labor, they had to pass 
through many discouraging seasons, especially on account nf fe- 
vers of various kinds, incident to a new country. Bui all these 
difficulties have been. overcome. Hope and its environs are now 
qnite healthy; the fields yield a plentiful reward for the labor be- 
stowed upon them, there is a ready market for their produce and 
live stock, and no want of the circulating medium. Railroad facil* 
iiies will very soon be brought into ilie immediate neighborhood. 
While the abundance of the comforts of life and the favorable 
prospects of increased prosperity for the future are gratefully ack< 
nowledged, 1 am welt convinced, that their connection with the 
Breih^n'a Church and the spirilaal advanvages and blessings flow- 


76 CONTINUATION or tk. mcobson'b nnt 

iag dierefrom are also highly appreciated by the generality of the 
membsra, eo much the more aa the earliest settlers had been de- 
prived of them for years. 

On three successive Sundays, I was permitted to address a nu- 
merous and atltnlive audience in our church ; and tho' OB one of 
these days a much frequented camp-meeling of the Methodists 
was held at tlie distance of a few miles, no diminution in the at- 
tendance was perceptilile. The Siinday-Bchool is in a floHtiahing 
condition. I found the church filled with children, which ia in- 
variably the caae, unless the roads are impassable. Sunday the 
29lh of August being the day set apart for Enon, I accompanied 
br. Clauder to lliai staiion, where he regularly preaches every two 
weeks, alternately in ihe morning and afternoon, and addressed 
the numerous assembly, that had met (here. As this was the on- 
ly visit, time permitted me lo pay to this little congregation, my 
acquaintance with its members is but limited. They love their 
church and llieir connexion with the Brethren, and have latterly 
gone to considerable expense ia beautifying the church -building 
and premises, and providing it' with a well-loiied Melodion. On 
Tuesday the 31sl of August, at seven in the morning, br, Clauder 
and myself set out on a visit to our brethren in Hendricks county, 
between eighty and ninety miles from Hope, by way of Colum- 
bus and Indianapolis. The cars run daily as far west as Terre- 
' li3ut£, on the borders of Illinois ; we however left them at Coatea- 
villo Or New Milford, a. small town of recent origin, but which 
will probably in a abort time become a place of some note, as it 
is expected to be a regular depot and breakfasting- place. Our 
brethren live at a~distance of about three miles from this place. 
Here we met br. Bar^low, who had been expecting us. We y^ere 
soon seated in his buggy, and after a pleasant ride, in part on a rath- 
er indistinct road through the woods, we arrived at an humble but 
comfortable looking loghonse, which proved to be the present par- 
sonage, and where we were most cordially received by sr. Bar- 
siow. The pleasant weather, the soft air, the solitude and calm- 
uesB of the siirrOunding forest, in contrast with the bustle of Ihe 
busy thoroughfares uf life, which we had justlefl behind, together 
with the comForis of the well ordered dwelling, that had received 
us, and the air of peace and contentraeni within, all conspired to 
create the most agreeabfe sensations. At twilight the brn, and stb. 
Philippa and Spach joined our happy circle, and after spending 
some lime in profitable- cSnversation, we closed the evening with 
'reading a portioli of the Scriptures, singing and prayer, in which 
br. Clauder led. ' Some time after breakfast the next morning, the 
before-mentioned brethren brought horses, and we rude together lo 
ibe spot, where the new church and parsonage are to be erected. 
The graveyard, which is laid off immediately in the rear, had al- 
ready been consecrttted by the burial of a little infant, a child of 


ht. Spach, a few weeks ago. We foaiul the buildingf lot cleared * 
of the heaFy limber, and some of the building materials were on 
the spot; it is hoped, that the parsonage may be habitable by ihe 
«nd of the year, and the Church finished early next summer. 
The locality is well selected ; on a slight eleTalioii, nol many hun- 
<rred yards from the railroad and Coalesville, and when the inter- 
Tening woods shall have been removed, the buildings will present 
and command a fine view. Three acres were bought by tJie brn. 
Phili|w BDtl Spach, who with their families al present form the 
ffnbryo of the congregation, and they, with the aid of a small coV- 
leeUoT), intend to defray the expenses of the building, and in a 
great measure to support their minister. Animated by their love 
of the church, in which they hare been led to their Savior, Wd 
foand that peace, which the world cannot give or lake away, .stifi- 
poned by a firm conviction, that the Lord looks down with l^v^m! 
npon therr sincre endeavors, here to plant a ecion of that chnrcli,' 
as a beacon' to direct others to (he same source of happiness aritf 
peace, ihey bear up undismayed under many trying discoursge-' 
menls. They are upheld by the example of their minister aM 
his wife, who continue to labor with unabated zeal and cheerful- 
ness in this field, which naturally invokes many sacrifices. tA'. 
BarMow faithlolty attends to the different stations, some at a'coiT- 
■iderable distance, at which he preaches with acceptance. Will - 
such faith and self-sacrificing zeal go unrewarded ? While rieeat 
ht council on some logs deliberating on Ihe matier before us, Wi! 
were again strongly reminded of some incidents at the commene'e- 
ment of Herrnhul, and of the power of Him, who " calleth the 
things, which be not, as (hough they were." 

In the coarse of the afternoon we walked over to br. 8pach''9; 
about a mile distant, under whose hospitable ronf we s'pent t(M 
remainder of the day. Towards evening some members of int 
other families collected there to enjoy a social hour, and we closed 
the day in the same manner as on the previous evening- Tht 
aext day after breakfast we repaired to br. Philipp's residence and 
CDJoyed it* liberal hospitaliiy. After dinner we all walked 
over to a solitary loghousc in the woods, built for a schoolhonse, 
where on short notice a respectable number of people had culleel- 
cd, who for two hours altt>nlively listened to our discourses. May 
the blessing of the fjord have accompanied the word spoken US 
the ediGeation of the hearers. The real of the day We spent at 
br. Philipp's h^ix^t where again in the company of br. and ar.' 
Spach we enjoyed a social, and we may hope a profitable evening. 
It Ihe close of which we once more knelt down and commended 
in prayar these deax brn. and srs. and their cause to ihb protecting 
care of our Lord ajid Head. 

Early the next morning the brettwen accompanied us to iht 
vailroad station at Coalesville. A few minutes aiier our arriral. 


7B coNTiNvATfoif or BR. jicoBsoK'a vnrr 

the shriil whistle announced the approsch of the train from Terre 
Hanle to IndiBDHpol'is ; we took an affpRtionate leave and were 
soon hurried out of sight, but our thnuglits and ieelings lingered 
long with that litile band, and many a eiknt prayer went up tothr 
throne of grace iu their behalf. 

We arrived at Indianapolia at 1 1 o'clock ; an hour later we left 
in the nara for Columbus with the expectation of reaching onr 
home in good time, but upon approaching the town of Franklin, 
about midway between lundianapoliB and Colambas, our move* 
menta were suddenly arresied by a collision with a burden train> 
and it was sis o'clock in the evening' before we were again in mo-, 
tion. Only two persons were injured, the mail-agent, who waa 
in the forward car, rather severely, and ihe engineer, who leaping 
out al the moment of contact, was somewhat bruised by the fall ; 
the fireman, who remained cm the engine, escaped without the 
least injury. Fortunately the burden train was backing at the 
lime, and having been seen by our engineer almost half a mile tM-- 
fore, the wheels of our cars had been firmly locked. But for tbii 
and for the precaution of placing two baggage cars in advance of 
the passenger cars, the consequences would probably have been 
very disastrous, especially as, being behind our time, we were going 
at a rapid rate, and were just then descending a so-called grade or 
slightly inclined plane. The shock was, however, severe enough 
to break up the two baggage cars, by running them into one anoib* 
er, and throwing the engine and one of the passenger-cars off the 
track — and to demolish several of the stone-laden trueka of the 
other train ; the locomolives were both rendered useless. By 
means of the telegraph wires, news of the disaster were immedi- 
ately sent to Indianapolis and Columbus, the latter quieting oar 
friends, who were expecting ns at Columbus, at about 2 o'clock, 
and the former bringing speedy assistance. Notwithstanding the- 
most strenuous and well-directed exertions of the experienced su- 
perintendent of the road, with a large posse uf hia men, it required 
five hours to clear the track. The san was near setting, whe» 
we again started, and we soon rushed on in complete darknea* 
witliln and without the cars. At 8 we arrived al Columbus, truly 
thankful for our providential preservation. The next morning we 
travelled leisurely home in br. Clauder's conveyance, ihrmigh the 
charming forest. 

On the ISih of September I met the brethren of the Committee, 
in order to consult with them on varioi.s maitcra connected with 
the welfare of the congregation : which, it wae very encouraging 
to perceive, they have truly al heart. We parted with an assur- 
ance, that the bond, which unites as in our Savior, had been re- 
newed and strengthened by this visit. In the evening I for the 
last time addresKd the assembled congregation in the eaactuary. 



and reeommending thii flock once more in prayer to the proteciing 
careof the Shepherd of souls, I took an affectioiiaie leave of the 

On Thursday the 16th of September, on a cool and pleasant 
morning, I lefl Hope, accompanied by br. und sr. Clauder, two of 
their children and the bra. Philipp Bloom and Peter Rothrook. 
At Columbus we parted. Br. Clauder and his daughter Ann 
Eliza accompanied me to Madiaon, the former to proceed to 
Louisville, on some business connected with the Enon Church, 
and his daughter to go with me (o Bethlehem, where she was to 
enter the Female Academy as a teacher. We arrived in safely at 
Madison about 4 o'clock, P. M. The descent of the inclined 
plane for several miles, before reaching the town, seemed to be 
rather more hazardous than the ascent; on approacliiog it, the 
train stopped, the engine was removed, every part of ihe care was 
carefully examined, the doors thrown open, so as to leave an un- 
obstructed view from one end of the train to the other, guards 
were placed at every door, who kept a watchful lookout, the pas- 
sengers were requested not to leave their seats, the wheels were 
partially locked, and thus we descended by the momentum of tbfl 
cars, sometimes with considerable velocity. Apparently beyond 
the application of any human skill or power, we felt ourselves, as 
it were, bortie along by the hand of Providence ; a deep silence 
prevailed among the passengers, until we finally stopped on iho 
level. Having walked down to the landing together, our dear br. 
Clauder, after bidding a final adieu to his daughter and myself, 
stepped on board the Sea-gull for Louisville, while we repaired to 
the Madison-packet for Cincinatii, The boats started about 6 
o'clock ; it was a lovely evening and we enjoyed the beauty of 
the river banks for several hours, until night drew its eurlain uvn 
the scenery. About 3 o'clock in the morning we were awakened 
by the noise of unloading; supposing we had arrived at Cincin- 
nati, we arose, but found upon inqoiry (for everything being 
sbrowded in darkness and a thick fog, we could see nothing be- 
yond the boat,) that we were at Lawrence burgh, some 35 miles be- 
low Cincinnati. On account of the fog, ihe captain resolved to lay 
by till daylight, and then we moved but slowly, and only byfreqnnt 
sounding found the intricate channel. The consequence was, that 
we arrived at Cincinnati at 8i A.M. instead of 6 o'clock ; the cars 
for the North of course had left, and we were obliged io remain till 
the nest morning. Fortunately the sun dispersed the fog about 
o'clock, and we had a fair opportunity of seeing something of Ihia 
beautiful city, its regular streets, splendid edifices, richly furnish- 
ed stores, etc. It is pleasantly situated in a broad valley ; and 
from one of the highest points of the surrounding hills, called Cho 
Obaervaiory, you have a full view of the City, the river, and Cov- 
ington and Newport opposite on the Kentucky side. 


M aoHTtmvtWH or bk. ucdasoiCi tlMT 

The next morning we \e{\ CinciDniti at s quarter after S A. M. 
kn Shelbyville ) here we left our train which proceeds to Cteve- 
land, and took passage in the Sandusky aud Mansfield train, which 
brought us in half an hour to the latter place ; ffom here we pro- 
ceeded bjr sla^ to Wooster, where we arrived about an hour aftet 
nidnight. Wooster isi pretty place and the accomodations were 
ttTj satiaractory, yet we were rather ditappointed in not hatinw 
been able, on account of the deteniioa on the Ohio river, to reacn 
Csnal Dover in time, to spend the Sunday among our brethren. 
At 8 in the evening the attige left for Dover, which we reached at 
S o'clock in the morning. 

After an early breakfaal we went in search of br. Honand*! 
residence, which, taking a neat moravian looking steeple for out 
^ide, was easily found. Though we were not expected' on that 
norninfT, and our arrival evidently eaused eousiderable inconven- 
isnce, still we were received with a welcome so cordial, that I re^ 
Hnqniahed my previous intention of first visiting one of the othef 
«ongregations, and ray companion, contrary to a previos arrange 
ment, was induced lo remain here, during the three weeKs, whicB 
I spent in the Ohio congregations. Br. Holland was still suffering 
from the effects of a severe attack of typhoid fever, but this did 
Mt prevent him from accompanying me every day in my visitsto 
dw members of the congregation far and near. I was truly gntl- 
fird to make the acquaintance of many worthy brethren and sis- 
urs sod to witness the brotherly spirit prevailing among them. 
The laat day 1 spent in their midat was Sunday the 2eth of Sept., 
which not only afforded me an opportunity of much friendly in- 
moourse with many individuals, but also of taking an active part 
in the exercises of tbe day. These, as usual, opened with the 
Sunday School ; knowing the congregation to be rather small, I 
was agreeably surprised to find the church completely filled with 
children, and an adequate number of teachers, not a few of them 
Others and mothers of families, devoting themselves to their in- 
struction ; in a room of the parsonage, which adjoins the church, 
i saw an aged mother surrounded by a class of very young chil- 
dren, eagerly listening to her familiar teaching. The school li 
generatly opened by one of the teachers with prayer, it was this 
time closed with a few remarks by myself at half after ID o'clock; 
»6er a short interval we met for divine service, on which occasioa 
the seats were again well filled with an atientive audience. The 
MRgtng is accompanied by a Melodion, played by an excellent 
performer. In the afternoon 1 had the privilege of spending a 
Messed hour in the sanctuary with the communicant members, 
eelebr^llng the Lord's supper; at which, I trust, we all experien- 
ced the nearness of our Savior and felt our hearts drawn in love 
to Him and to one another. Br. Holland keeps a weekly meeting 
' for tbe Sunday-School teachers, preparatciy to the exercises m 



the SDCceeding Sunday, at one of which I was present ; Tie sbo 
has a bible-class every week, for a number of young femalM, 
which is g;enerally well atleniled. I was much pleased to wilneM 
the spirit of inquiry manifested by ihe scholars. 

Dover lies on the borders of an extensive and fertile plain, on 
the banks of the benatifiil Tuscarawes river, which here, as well 
as in the nerghborhood of Sharon and Gnadenhnetten, winds itt 
tomanitc course along, and occasionally between, high and wooded 
bille. On three sides the country presents a Buccesstoti of such 
hills, among which a number of our members reside ; the incon- 
veniences of the toads, which lead to them, were much relieved 
by the beautiful views that from time to time opened to us as we 
Tode along, and by the kind reception we everywhere met with. 

After the slay of a week in this dear congregation, br. Holland 
accompanied me on Monday (lie 27th, to Sharon, about ten miles 
in a southerly direction from Dover; The road led through New 
Philadelphia, where several members of the Dover congregation 
Teside, and through the neighborhood of Giishen, formerly one of 
our Indian mission-stations, many years under the care of the 
well-known aposde of the Indians, David Zeisberger. We visit- 
ed the old graveyard, which contains the graves of the brn. Zeis- 
berger and Edwards, and of somechildren of other mLssionariesj 
it is protected by a substantial fence, and these graves are well 
preserved. The remains of the missionaries are to be removed 
to Gnadenhuetlen, to be placed under a monument, which isto be 
erected there. 

At the Sharon parsonage we were most afleclionately received 
by br. and sr, Wunderling, and I at once felt myself at home with 
them. Here again I spent about a week in the pleasant employ- 
ment of forming the acquaintance and enjoying the hospitality of 
the members of the congregation. . They live very much scatter- 
ed, partly in the broad and very fertile valley of the Tuscarawas, 
and partly in more coniracted valleys, which radiate therefrom in 
various directions to the distance of four or five miles. The soil 
is generally well adapted for Indian corn and wheat, and very pro- 
ductive, especially in the river-bottom. Large and well cultivated 
farms and substantial and well-furnished farm- and dwell ingthouses 
gladden the eye of the beholder in all directions and bear evidence 
of the wealth of the country and of the thrift of the inhabitants. 
Something of this pleasing state of things may be attributed to ths 
scarcity of taverns and inns and the absence of the use of ardent 
spirits, which even without the aid of temperance societies evidently 
prevails in these parts and in and about Gnadenhuetlen {as also in 
Hope and other places in Indiana, that fell under my observation). 
During the first part of the week the weaiheir was delightful and 
the foliage just putting on the first glow of its various autumnal 
lints, presented a most charming scenery; In the visits whieh 1 


M ^^mmti»Tm ^ Alt' i/wvim'f-vm 

omde witb br. Wnndf ^u snd one di^, wilb the f»tthfti)X 
•r tlie cougregatian, br. Henry Lehp, we met with niort eapep fif 
fever iban there had been for many yean. Ons young marrio^ 
brother, whom I repeatedly visited, was several tjmes supposed p 
be at the point of death with typhus fevar, and seemed fuUy pre- 
pared Tor a happy clianga j but he has aince recovered. 

Some important business connected wiih the interest of dte 
congre^iion. gave me an opportunity of forming more than s 
passing acquaintance with the members of the Committee. We 
met several limes, and I found in them Judicious, upright and 
worthy brethren, who have the welfare of their church and the 
well-being of their pastor truly at heart On Sunday, I found the 
old church, at an early hour, well filled with children, colleeied 
for Sunday- School, which is conducted with laudable zeal by 
married, as well as unmarried brethren and sisters, occupying bf 
far the greater part of the morning. After its close, I addressed x 
oomerous and attentive audience in the english aud german lof- 
gnage, and afterwards presided with much gratification at a eon- 
gregaiioD-council, met to consult upon some improvements about 
the parsonage, which were with liitle difficulty agreed to, and upon 
proper arrangements for placing an organ in the church, whidi 
was then buildii^ at New Philadelphia, and which I found to be 
a well-toned iiutrument. It is to be hoped, that it may soon fiiid 
a more suitable tenement. 

Biafare I left, I shared in the joy of br. and sr. Wnnderling at 
the birth of their first child, a little daughter, born on the 6th of 
October. A few days later the father accompanied me to Gnaden- 
huetten. In the absence of br. Bachman, in consequence of bii 
attendance at the general Minister's Conference in September, 
held at Bethlehem, I found a moat comfortable and agreeable honu 
at the house of br. and ar. Christian Blickensdtcrfer, who kindly 
introduced me to the greater part of the members of the congre- 
gation in town and also to some in tlie couutry. Tbe lime, which 
circumstances permitted me to spend in the midst of them, was 
far too short for my own satisfaction, yet sufficient, to impress qie 
with a very favorable idea of the brotherly spirit and aincere 
attachment lo the Brethren's Church, prevaihng among them. 

On Sunday the lOih, I officiated in ^e old church-building, 
which is soon to be exchanged for a very convenient new churcb, 
built in good proportions on an open square, near the centre of 
the town, from the steeple of which I had an unobstructed view 
of the lovely town and country. While ve were collecting for 
the morning service, br. Bachman arrived and was welcomed with 
neat cordiahty by the breiliren, sisters and children present 
Here also I found a numerous and well conducted Sunday-School 
and afterwards a well filled church. lotheanemoonl once mate 
went to Sharon, where, according to appointment, I addressed tbe 


T* HMuift un Attn MMsMA'tiaM. M 

cMfngation In OHtitlBti, »ffd, at thv doitt, bapiind ilitt ftffant 
iriil£titef «r bt. Wond«f)ii^. 

Tbe meeeedii^ day was spent M a very hte hoar hi vfahiiq', 
in Ctfttpany with br. Bachman, some oT out more diatant mMnben. 
I Iraa anrpriaed at the aneveneas of tlie country ; you are obli^ 
to firma ateep and lon|r hitla to order to rearh the valieya io whicli 
titef lire. I made the acqsaiotance of, and had eome profitable 
MHrervatiM wiA aome »ery worihy trelhren and aistera. 

Onadenhrreften has it« peculiar sliraclioRS far the Moravian ao- 
fi^ary. Beaidts the vestiges of Beersheba, Schmnbrunn and o^r 
ferine)! aMIementa of Indians in the neighborhood, the house in 
aHmHi father Heekertrelder lived, vhile the Indians yet roamed 
the tfln>ntry,ie still occupied al Giiadenhuetlen. The site of tbe 
UAsi) tillage oF the laat m^iinned name, close by the presettt 
loWn, can sliil be traced ; several acres around the spot, vhere tbe 
#til-kn6wn fflBS^at^re took place, have been reserved, and are 
eafeTulIy kept from unhallowed intrusion ; here a anriable mono- 
ffient will ahonly be erected over the collected bones of the stain. 

Wednesday tht ISlh or Otioher, having been s^ apart for a 
Laborers'' Conference at Canal Dover, which is held three timrea a 
jtat at the three Ohio congregations in auccesainn, I left Cinadeti- 
liueiteh the day before, inorderto avail myselfof the kind invitation of 
lodge Blickensd (erfer to Miss Clander and myaeir, lo accompany 
biifa and sr. Btickensdisrrer on a vi^il lo Zoar, distant about seven 
toiles. This'ia a neat, pleasant linle (own of about 200 tnlitibi- 
terls, who, while they have everytfiitig in common, appear to live 
H very contented life. The systematic order, with which every- 
tliiOg is conducted under the snperin tendance of father Beeamler 
iitid Ibree sssitflantd, the air of plenty and comfort, which meets 
Ae eye everywhere, ia sufficient to account for the altachment of 
(he members of this community to iheir institulions. The place 
oitiTerS an asylum for such as desire to be removed from the cares 
and turmoil of the world and still lend a life of usefal activity. 

About 9 o'clock on the appoinled day the ministers of the thWe 
Mngregslions and (he members of their Respective commilieeB, 
met M the house of br. Holland, who presided si the Conference, 
which was held in the church. A lively interest wae sustained 
ffarotaghout the morning and aflernoon-sessiona, partly by an inter- 
"ehling relation of some of the transactions in the Ministers' Con- 
ference held at BelhUhem, by br. Bachman, who hsd sliended it 
as a representative of the ministers of the Ohio rongregatioiM, 
and partly by the free discussion of a variety of topica. referrii^ 
lt» the welfare of their cotnm unities. I was much pleased lo ob- 
•erVe the brotherly spirit, as well as the perfectly open and unr«- 
llrained interchange of eentinient between all present which pre- 
vailed, without any infringement on the solemnity of the occaatotti 
kt-k'-bM htnit lh« meeiidg eloaed, and I look in affeetioaau luvt 


94 TO. i»DMjiA.*HV ftfufi oot^MMava/imt 

of (he brflhren from Gnadenhnettenr and Sharon. 

Early on the following day, with grateful hearts Tor all the kind- 
ness we had experienced, Misa ClauJer and myself bade a fiaal 
fldieu to br. and sr. Hnllaad and some other dear brethren, aad left 
Canal Dover in the stage for iVIassillon, disunt 31 miles, where 
we arrived at 10 o'clock. An hour after we proceeded on our 
way home in the cars lo Pittsburg. Our journey was performed 
without any incident worthy of notice, by the usual route through 
Harrisburg and Pliiladelphia, and on the 23d of October,. we arri- 
ved s.ife and in good health at Bethlehem, truly grateful fo|r the 
kind preservation of our heavenly Father in eome known, and 
many unknown dangers on a journey (as regards myself) of some 
3000 miles and of nearly three months' duration. The kind r3- 
caption I every where met with from our brethrei) and sisters Id 
the Western congregations, will never be effaced from my mind. 

As regards the general impression left upon my mind from Ihia 
visit, I would say, thai not only the ministers themselves seem to 
be imbued wilh a fervent luve and zeal for the cause, and an earn- 
est desire lo do their whole duty, hut that they are are upheld and 
their hands strengthened, by a respondent feeling in the members; 
a cordial and confidential iniercourse appears lo prevail between 
the pastors and their flocks, and every satisfactory degree of wil- 
lingness on the part of the latter, to consult the comfort of the 
Jbrmer, and to contribute towards it according to their ability. 
Much of essential Christianity, much of thf< true spirit of Moravi- 
anism and a decided attachment to their church and its ioatjtulions 
is very generally found among them. On all occasions, at which 
I was present, I found a numerous attendance at church, and I 
learned that this was generally the case ; ihe Sunday-Schools are 
every where in a Nourishing condition and a lively interest is lakeo 
in tbem by the members ; there is little difGculiy in finding devo- 
ted and competent teachers. Societies for the support of the 
mission-cause exist everywhere, and in some also for that of the 
Home Mission. They are surrounded by a variety of other de- 
nominations, the effect of which seems to be a higher apprcciatioQ 
of the privileges of their own church, without any invidious se- 

One means in the hands of ibe Spirit of God of bringing about 
such a stale of things in Ohio may be found in the above-mention- 
ed convening of some of the brethren, for which those congre- 
gations are more favorably situated than most oihets. It cannot 
fail, that thereby an interest in the concerns and welfare of the 
Church is engendered and nourished, a feeling, (hat all are joint 
laborers in the work of building it up, that we are all brethren 
united to one purpose, members of one body, of which Christ is 
the only head. 
. Uly visit to the Western congregations has strengthened lliecoii- 

■ D,q,i,i.:db,.CoogIe 


Tiction, that (here is etill much vitality in our Church, that on its 
altare a fire is bumiog which, like the famous fire of old,- though 
to the eye a small flame, barns with an iotensity, that cannot be 
extinguished, though overwhelmed by adverse elements; that it is 
a plant, which can well grow and flourish on American soil, if left 
to its natural developement under the full svray of the Holy Spirit 
over the human heart, unobBtructed by forms and practices, which 
have not the impress of the true Moravian epiril. We call our- 
selves United BrelhreD. and Union of hearts being essential lo our 
existence, it is necessary, thai by all possible means the bond of 
Union should be strengthened between our widely dispersed con- 
gregations. Prom various remarks I am led to believe, that such 
visits, as that just made, may contribute much towards the attain- 
ment of this object.' May onr graciona Head and Master, on 
whose blessing the success of ail our andertakings depends, also 
bless this effort to that end and to the promotion of His glory. 


AeAiN does another year of our Society afford us many proofs 
of the continued gracious care and guidance of our faithful God 
and Savior, so that, when surveying the same, we teel constrained 
to bring Him our humble sacrifice of praise and thaaksgiving.— 
Although compelled by many events which occurred in the Mis- 
sion field entrusted lo our care, to acknowledge that God's ways 
are not our ways, stiU the firm conviction thai His thoughts are 
ever thoughts of peace, and that He ever designs all events for the 
best, remained unshaken. And as this immovable foundation of ' 
confidence, continued, among manifold vicissitudes, to sustain the 
courage of our dear Missionaries, thus too we dare not suffer our- 
selves lo become remiss in our activity, even though at times it 
might seem as if the enemy were becoming too strong for us. 
We should, on the contrary, earnestly ask ourselves, whether we 
did not, from want of true zeal, or of importunate prayer, or of 
real and operative sympathy, weaken our strength, thereby giving 
the adversary weapons into his hands to fight against us. - Never 
let us forget, that we are engaged in a warfare with a powerful 
enemy, who is determined, to dispute every step we take, and 
every inch of ground we gain, and whom the warriora in the army 
of the Lord can expect to conquer only by a right use of lbs 
whole armor of God. Still the steadfast belief of the word of 
promias piercn through the misty clouds with which the liltleneH 


of our fthh ao oftra iiirroanded lu, and widi itnewed i 
takes bold of tha strong hand of Jesne, the Umightj' Sovereign, 
who has achieved a perfect victory over eia, death, and hell, and 
under whoae banner Hia aoldiera can aunredly hope victoriously 
to break through all difficulties and obslruclioDs that would hinder 
our progress. — And ibat this hope maketb not ashamed^ we have 
heart-enliveoing proofs in the continued victories gained by the 
kingdom of Christ over the kingdom of daiknesB, Gonstanily 
does the harvest field of the Lord expand itself, and even political 
events mast serve to open new doors for an enhance of ue bles- 
sings of the Gospel ; and every year the number of witnesses of ' 
the Truth increases — witnesses sent out by different Missionary 
societies, into near and distant countries, to bring the messa^ of 
peace, the message of reconciliation with God, £rough the sacri- 
ficial blood of the Lamb of God, to our redeemed brethren still 
sitting in darkness and in the shadow of death. With adoring ad- 
miration we see, how He, whose inexplicable wisdom renders all 
thiiws snbservient to His holy plans, often orders the most uato> 
ward events to make the seed of the word sown by His servania 
to strike deeper root, and to ground sqdIs, sUengthened and puri- 
fied by trials, more firmly on Him, the Rock of salvation. la 
those parte of the world where our Brethren's Unih' is graciously 
permitted to labor, there have not been wanting, during the past 
year, cheqnered events — events wisely ordered and graciously di- 
leeted by the Lord. 

We, as a Missionary society in closest communion with tba 
Missionary activity of our Church, in general and in paiticulari 
aapecially call to mind the painful visitation of our Mission-field 
in Surinam, where, during the short period of one year, twelve 
brethren and sisters, most of them in all the prime of manhood, 
were attacked by the yellow fever, and received permission to en- 
ter into the joy of tiieir Lord, Amid these distressing events the 
work there continues to extend, and blessed he the Lord, there 
are not wanting such, who. not counting their lives dear to ihenii 
eheerfiilly leave their homes, to supply the places of those who 
have fallen in the most sickly and most deadly Mission-field we 
at present have in the world. 

The state of things in our Missitmary stations in Kaffir-land in 
Sonth Africa stiU looks serious. According to the latest aeeounts 
the prMpect of ending this dreadful and bloody war seems yet dis- 
tant. Weare all well aware that onr Missionaries have personaHy 
suffered, and been hindered in their work, and surely we have 
not discontinued most fervnitly to commend this once so flourish- 
tng and so promising field to tiie Lord, in the firm conviction that 
all events jvill magnify His grace, and be conducive to the salva- 
tion of dear bought souls. 

With the same confidence in Him utdin His gracious gnidanea. 



we have found eoDtinned »um to eommend thosD HiMioni with 
which we are officially conuected-^^e Misiion Biiioag the Cher- 
okee nation, and the work among the Negroes at Wooiletook 
Hills, to His faithfal care. In these fields also there have not 
been wanting trials of faith, as will be seen from the following 
special reniarkB. 

I., HIsBlon amoag tbe Cherolieei, and 

I , Or New Spriitoplack.— Br. AlaQson Welfare's health being 
poor, and all remedies which he had tried failing, he, having re- 
ceived permission from the proper source, set out, on the 4th of 
October 1851, in cc»npany with the Indian brother Archie Henry 
on a journey of recreation to Salem. Both brethren performed 
the whole of this long journey on horseback, in about six weeks, 
aad safely reached here (Salem N. C.) about the middle of No- 
vember. Daring the month, innumerable flocks of wild pigeons 
roosted in the woods, not far from br. George Hicks' plantation, 
near New Spriogplace, A great many were caught with but very 
little trouble, and the Mission family was supplied for a season 
with excellent game. 

During the same month onr dear Savior was pleased to cti\ 
home to Himself, Mary Ann Elisabeth Sahdere, aged ten years, 
an Indian girl that had been adopted about two years ago by the 
Mission-family. Her sickness and departure deeply grieved our 
br. and sr. Bishop, her foster. parents. However, the assurance 
that their endeavors to lead the dear sainted child to Jesus h»A 
net been in vain, comforted them. She bore her sufferings with 
patieace, and desired, yea, rejoiced to depart. Daring her last 
sickness while reading in her hymn-book, that had been given her 
as a reward for her diligence she said, " Father, I have found s 
most beantiful hymn," and then pointed to the following verse of 
Ihe same : 

"I live to dls, I dia to Uts, 

And liTe to die no more sgajn; 
In dsstt I ilidl a life i«ceive 

In woridB Temots Iroiii death snd pain." 

Tes, the best Friend of children had Himself prepared her 
soul, and then strly called her hence to eternal life. In Ihe month 
of December a Society for die dissemina^on of the Holy Scrip- 
tures was oi^niaed, (Springcreek Bible Society) and thirteen In- 
dian brethren anited with its members. Not long after a Tem- 
perance Society was also formed. Both attempts tend to show, 
that not a few desire to avoid, as roncb as lieth in them, the dan- 
ger ot sinning, and to manifest mora earnestness in searehing for 



the jnj of ulratioB. The cekbration of Chrittmu wu MMNdt 
and made pecnliariy solemn by the oonfirmation of a young per- 
son. On Ghristm as-day the little son of br. and er. Bishop, born 
on the 3d of December, was baptized into the death of Jesas, and 
received the name of Eugene Joseph. 

At the close of the year 18B1 our dear MisBionaries brought 
their humble graiiiude to their faithful Savior, who had thus far 
led and protected them, and had preierted to them and their lillle 
Congregation the enjoyment of the means of grace, and had con- 
tinued to bless them. At the dose of the year tke congregation 
consisted of 76 souls. 

The weather in January 1862 was unusually cold ; once Fahr- 
enheit's thermometer stood at 10° below zero. About the same 
time the amall-pox visited Tahleqna, and, gradually spreading more 
and more, reached our Mission. Every precaution was taicen, 
and, although not successful in every instance, still our Missiona- 
ries wilh their children were mercifully not visited by this conta- 
?'Dn8 disease. The school, however, was discontinued for a time. 
he celebration of the Passion- Week and of Easter was kept 
without any disturbance, since, wilh the exception of our own, no 
others had come; many had gone to Fort Gibson to receive the 
money allowed by the Government of the United States. At a 
later period those of our Congregation entitled to the same favor, 
went to the just mentioned place. Our Missionaries found it 
necessary to warn their people against the abuse of the means re- 
ceived. In the month of May our dear Missionaries in New 
Springplace and Canaan were sorely tried by the departure of two 
brethren, Thomas Henry and Jesse Israel, who closed their course 
of faith early this month. Both our sainted brethren, were yet in 
the prime of life, and both had served, gilded with talents and true 
faithfulness of heart, as Interpreters ; the first in Springplace and 
neighborhood, the latter in Canaan and Mount Zion. Well may 
we esclaim, where are others to be found, who can supply the 
place of these so nseful brethren ! They helped us to erect the 
banner of the cross — whilst the world has so many votaries, how 
few are there who desire to enter into the kingdom of God ! I( 
is a peculiar time for onr Missionaries, a time in which they are 
especially required to place great confidence in Him, who alone 
can help. The following pariiculars of their lives have been 
communicated to ns. 

Br. Thomas Henry was in his 30lb year when our Savior call- 
ed him home. During his childhood he attended school in Old 
Springplace whilst our brethren Byhsn and Clauder were laboring 
thete. At a later period his calling and elecUon were made surer ; 
and, possessing gifts and willingness, he, about five years ago, was 
appointed as Interpreter. Although he reluctantly accepted this 
office, entertaining an humble opinion of himself, still by freqnent 



praetiDe and intercourM with us, hU gift and incliQatiDn for thi« 
calling increased — aad we eao cheerfully testify ibal be faithfuUjr 
served the Lord, and endeavored to become a bteasing to his peo- 
ple. It was a cause of gratitude to him, to have foDnd a help- 
mate who truly loved the Savior. This union the Lord blessed 
with three children. A few months ago he waa attacked with a 
dangerous sickness. Obtaining no relief from the udual means to 
which he had rerourse, and having no physician in our immediate 
neighborhood, he was taken, at his request, in our wagon to Ca- 
naan, where he was faithfully attended by our physician. During 
his sickness br. Bishop often had an opportunity to speak with 
him, and plainly saw, that the ever faithful Savior was preparing 
him more and more for the Chnrch that is above. Repeatedly 
he declared that he was perfectly resigned to the will of the Lord 
—and acknowledged that his trials were good for him, assuring us 
that he now knew by esperience, that a Christian may learn much 
on a sick-bed and in the school of adversity. He bore his painful 
sickness with great patience — gradHally grew weaker — and, ten 
days after his arrival in Canaan, on the lOlh of May, sweetly fell 
asleep in Jesus. His corpse was taken to Springplace — and on 
the 12th, accompanied to its resting place on our graveyard, amid 
the deep sympathy of all present !n the joyful hope of a happy 
transition from faith to sight, the beautiful words. " Blessed are 
the dead, who die in the Lord," etc., (Rev. 14. 13.), were made 
the subject of meditation at the funeral.-^Those who knew him 
best, will not soon forget him. 

On the 4lh of the same month (May) the mortal remains of our 
happily departed br. Jesse Israel, who died on 3d, were also in- 
terred here. Br. Bishop spoke from the words Rev. 7. 14 : 
" These are they which came out of great tribulation," etc. He 
was more nearly connected with the Congregation in Canaan, but 
some time before his departure he had come to his parents in the 
neighborhood of Springplace. He also had, formerly, been a 
scholar of our Missionaries in Old Springplace, and in his youth 
had been baptized into the death of Jesus. In the year 1847 he 
was appointed as interpreter in Canaan. The year following, he 
entered into the holy estate of matrimony, and moved to the just 
mentioned place. Neither he nor his wife enjoyed good health, 
and in the Spring of 18fll he was separated from her by her 
death- In consequence of her death, and in order to enjoy more 
fcare and attention, he moved to br. and sr. Mack into the mission- 
house. Unaffected humility was a prominent characteristic of our 
sainted brother. He was much engaged in communion with the 
Lord. On the 11th of October be was appointed as National 
Assistant, and we have every reason to believe that he served thv 
Lord in this capacity, with great faithfulness. During the past 
winter his health became poorer, and his parents kindly took him 



home. Hen br. Bishop ofieo had an opportanitjr to vint him. 
This happened for the last time on the Sd of May, when his stale 
wu ao aerions that no hopes were eatertained of hia recovery- 
one aide of his body being perfectly paralysed. His tmat was in 
the merits of his Savior. Br. Bishop RdmnieDded his aoni ia 
prayer to the Lord. The poor invalid was deeply affected, al- 
thon^ his palsied tonrue did not permit him to apeak plainly. 
Towards noon on the following day he sweetly breathed his last. 
The departnre of these useful and hopeful brethren was indeed a 
•ore trial to oar MissiaDariea in New Springplace and Canaan, al- 
though they rejoice in their happy lot. May the Lord Himself 
supply the places of these two brethren. We fondly hope that 
the above mentioned br. Archie Henry, brother of Thomss, should 
the Lord preserve to him the ase of hia eyes, which are a source 
of suffering to him. will not prove an unsuitable succeaaor. Some 
time ago he left us to return to hia home — and having learned 
to know him during his aojoum of ten months among ua, aa one 
who desires to wdk worthy of the Ooepel, and who sincerely 
wiahee to become useful in the aervice of the Mission, we shall 
gladly and hopefully wait ta see what the Lord will do. We men- 
tioned above, that br. Alansen Welfare had come here lost Fall lo 
recruit his strength. Hia health bad so far improved that he felt 
encouraged to return to his station. He had hitherto served as an 
aaaislant — but was now called, in occordaace with the Lord** 
will, to actual service. In the spring of 1861 he entered into the 
holy estate of matrimony wiUi the single sister Elisabeth Rothhaat, 
and was ordained deacon of the Church of the Brethren. Early 
in May they commenced their journey, and after many toile 
reached Canaan on the 20th of June, and were cordially welcom- 
ed by br. and sr. Mack. A few days sfter, they left for New 
Springplace, the place of their destination, and were joyAilly and 
affectionately received by br. and sr. Bishop, We were sorry to 
hear that br. tnd sr. Welfare, soon after their arrival, were visited 
by the fever. Sr. Welfare was soon freed from it, — not ao, how- 
ever, br. Welfare. A stay of some time in the family of br. 
Mack, seems lo have been of much benefit to him. Since it plain- 
ly appeared that he could not well take charge of the school, and. 
as our dear Missionaries earnestly requested assistance, br. Saral. 
Warner, who was willing to serve the Lard, was called thereto, 
and, accompanied by our best wishes, set out early in the Fall of 
the year, in company with br. Archie Henry. 

2.. Canaan and Movht Zion. — At the close of the year 18.51, 
the Congr^tion under the charge of br. and sr. Hack, consiated 
of 84 Boula. Notwitiistanding several attacks of iUnees, our dear 
Savior had bo ■trengthoned onr Hissionsries, that br. Hack conU, 



tridiont aiij tnlerniplion, attend to the charge of bodi parU of the 
Congregation. Our Savior had graciouily blesBcd his services, 
and given him many examples of the power of the Gospel on the 
hearts of sinners. The different means of grace — the preaching 
of the Ooapel, and the holy Sacraments were enjoyed with atten- 
tion and blessing, and our Missionaries found much cansc, at the 
close of the year, on bended knees to praise end bless their merci- 
fill Lord, who bad thus far helped them and the souls under their 
chai|^. In October the roof of the new meeting-house at Ht, 
Zion was finished. Besides the members of the Congregation, a 
number of heathen living in the nei^borhood had willingly lent a 
helping hand. In the beginuing (^December, sr. Hack was dan- 
gerously taken sick with the typhus fever. The medicines order- 
ed by her physician were however blessed to her convalescence, 
so that berore the close of the yey she had, althongh still very 
weak, resumed her wonted activity. Our Missionaries entered 
on the new year in homble and believing dependence npon the 
Lord. In Canaan also, the cold was nnusually severe during the 
month of January. On the Bth of February the little flock of 
Christ at Springplace had an especial communion season. 

During this mondi, our Missionary visited a ^poor nnfortnnale 
man, who had been severely wounded in an affray. For the lime 
being he appeared deaf to all the earnest and affectionate admoni- 
tions spoken to him. Towards the end of this moolb, br. Mack 
was BO indisposed as to be unable to keep the Sunday services at 
Mt. Zion. The brethren Jesse Israel and Red Bu^ Tiger took 
charge of the same. After br. Mack had partially recovered he 
visited the above-named unfortunate individual, and his words 
seeroed to find more access to bis heart, so that he wept tears of 
contrition when the Missionary dilated on the love of Jesus 
towards dying sinners. The couirounion services at Mount Zion 
on the nth of March were also peeuliarly blessed. The public 
services on this day were so numerously attended, that the church 
could not hold all the people. On the way home, br. Jesse was 
so violently taken with cramps, that he was almost thrown from 
his horse. By dint of the untiring exertions of br. Mack and 
some others who hastened to his help, his pains were somewhat 
alleviated. Still the effects of this attack could not be overcome, 
and his sickness gradually became serious. At>out the middle of 
this month, sr. Mack was again taken very sick. For some days 
br. Mack could hardly expect her recovery — her health however, 
was gradually restored. After br. Jesse had moved to his parent*, 
an interpreter was ofleo wanting, especially in theEasier meetijigs; 
and so br. Mack had often to confine himself entirely to riding. 
We had often sympathized with br. Mack on account of the poor 
state of his health—- and it appeared to us too heavy a task for 
faiffi to attend to die oalwanl and inner affairs of both iJ«ce»~-be- 



■idw atlending to the ichool. The Fro*. H. Confereoce look 
this raattei into Hiious conBideration. Out dear Lord so led us, 
that, with the cohmdI of ibe Unity's Elders' Conference, br. and 
ar. Miles Vogler, Miflsionaries in St KiUa, were called to Canaan. 
These dear servants of the Lord reached here on the Sd of July, 
and as soon as circumatanceB will permit, they purpose leaving 
here for Canaan, where they are anxiously expected, — and thifl 
the more, since, according to (he last accountA, sr. Mack has not 
been restored lo the enjoyment of her former health. Daring the 
month of June, little Edwin Mack was also very dangeronsly ill. 
Hie health has, however, been restored. 

From that which faaa been communicated it will be seen, that 
since our last meeting, different important steps have been taken, 
in order to procure, as much as lieth in ua, the necessary help for 
our Cherokee coogregationa. We acknowledge with humblegrat- 
ttude that the Lord Himself h(th graciously led us, aid we feel 
encouraged hopefully to believe that He will so bless va, that our 
humble endeavors will become more successful. 

3., Woodstock Mills. — In this part of our Mission-field the 
labors of Christ's servanla have, by the grace of God, been con- 
tinued in iheir usual course without any hinderance of a serious 
nature, as we have learned from our unialerrapled correspondence, 
both by letter and accouDts, with our dear br. and sr. Friebele. 
The regular services on the Lord's day, both A. M. and P. M., 
were generally well attended. In December and May our Mis- 
sionaries celebrated the Holy Communion, at which some few 
white people and negroes were present as guests. Almost daily 
our br. Friebele is engaged in Bible Instruction, or, in attending 
prayer- meetings in different houses — or, in visiting the negroes in 
their dwellings. One great advantage for the blessed work of the 
Missionary ia found in the fact that he can converse individually 
with them, without any hinderance whatsoever. This takes place 
once every month. We cannot help expressing our joy that Mr. 
Alberti allows this, and in such a degree, that our Missionary is 
permitted at any time, even when the work is urgent, to call the 
people together for this purpose. We full well know that the 
gpeaking with each individual member in other Missions has 
proved, by the experience of many years, a blessed regulation— 
and so we have reason to hope, that the faithful endeavors of our 
dear Missionaries at Woodstock Mills, will not remain fruidess — 
a hope which br. Friebele himself entertains. True indeed it is, 
that in moat cases his earnest and affectionate admonitions are but 
tittle attended lo ; still at limes, (he love of Jesus towards dying 
sinners finds access to the heart. Does not our faithful Savior, as 
the good Shepherd, seek His wandering sheep, and shall His 



a tinlo do to others what He hu done to them I Not 
nofrequenily bq opportunity is afforded to apeak a word in Mason 
at the Hick and dying bed— and there lo poinl sinners to Christ as 
their only hope. This was the case, amongat the reat, with an 
old negro woman by the name of JeniB, who waa diligently viait- 
ed by br. Friebele, during her laal illnese, aad who fell naleep on 
the aist of Deceinber, 1851. For a longer time were ihe daily 
Tisils, which ha paid an old sick man, called Joe, continued. He 
died on the 13(h of April. His funeral sermon, preached on the 
following Sunday, was attended by a large concourse of people. 
Besides Sunday School, ihe children were particularly attended to 
during week days, from S — 9 o'clock, A. M. In these school- 
faours, besides the learning of Scripture texts and hymna, instruc- 
tion was given in the rudiments of Arithmetic. The weather in 
December 1851, and in January 1852, was at timea unuaually 
cold. On the 13lh of January a deep snow fell, and in the night 
of the 20th, the water froze in the pumps. Although the weather 
in February was mild enough to commence gardening, still on the 
20th of March there was a late frost, by which the Orange Ireea 
were much injured. The health of our Missionaries, with the 
exception of colds, etc., has continued to be good. 

Having been instructed in the Truth as it is in Jeans, and hav- 
ing giren evidence of her faith in Christ her Savior, — Juditfa, wife 
of Christian Alfred, was baptized, on the 16th of August, in a 
public meeting, into the death of Jesus, and received the name of 
Rebeeca Judith. At the same time her little children received 
the sacrament of baptism. These children are the first colored 
children baptized here. Their names are : James, Daniel, Isaac 
Floyd, and Amy. 

Br. Friebele adds : " May ihe Lord enable Rebecca Judith to 
perform her promiaee, which she made to Him ! and may she 
ahow by word and deed, whose she is and whom she serves 1 
There is now a whole family here, who have taken the tows of 
God upon (hemselvea. May the parents continue to be of the 
same mind as Joshua of old ; " As for me and my houae, we will 
aerve the Lord." 

Extract from br. Friebdt'i letter. Yea, may tbeae firstlii^ 
among the Negroes at Woodstock Milla remain faithful to the 
covenant which Ihey have made with die Lord, and shine aa a 
light lo their people on the way of life. 

With OUT aeiive intereat in the Mission fields entrusted lo us, 
we unite the fervent prayer that the God of all grace and comfort, 
may coniiime to make Hia gracious Pace to ahine npon Uiia Work, 
and to bleaa it with Hia blessing ! 


I G0BINTHIAN8, % 3. 
" I idtntintd nal to lame anything amoyr you, f mw Jxntt Cbbht, mod 

In theae words St. Paul explicitly declares the icope of hU 
ministry. He regarded not the lubtletiea, which had occupied the 
attention of philosophers ; nor did he assert thai species of knowl- 
edge — which was— and atill is in high repute among men ; on the 
coatmy he studiously avoided all that gratified the pride of hn* 
man wisdom, and determined U> adhere simply to one subject— 
the crucifixion of Chritt Tor the sins of men : I came not unio 
yoQ, says he, with exceUency of speech or of wisdom, declaring 
unto you the testimony of God : for I determined not to know 
anything among yon, save Jesus Christ, and hin crucified. 

By preaching Christ crucified we are not to nnderstand, that lie 
dwelt continually on the fact or history of the crucifixion ; for 
though he speaks of having set forth Christ, as it were, crucified 
before the eyes of the Galaliane, and may Uieiefore be supposed 
occasionally to hare enlarged upon the sufferings of Christ is the 
means of existing gratimde towards faim in their hearts, yet we 
have no reason to mink, that he contented himself with exhibiting 
to their view a tragical scene, as though he hoped by that to con- 
vert their souls ; it was the doctrine of the crucifixion, that he in- 
sisted on ; and ha opened it to them in all its bearings and con- 
nexions. This he calls " the preaching of the Croat" and it 
consisted of snch a representation of " ChriMt crucified," as was 
to the Jews a stumbling-block, and to the Greeks foolishness ; but 
to the true believer, the power of God and the wisdom of God. 
(I Cor. 1. 23, 24.) There were two particular views, in which 
be invariably spoke of the death of Christ ; vis. : as the ground 
of OUT hopes, uid as the motives to one obedience. In the former 
of these views, the Apostle not only asserts, that the death of 
Christ was the appointed means ef effecting our reoiwciliatian 
with God, but that it was the only means by which our reconcili- 
ation could be affected. He repreaenta all, both Jews and Gentiles, 
as under sin, and in a state of guilt and condemnation ; he states, 
that in as much as we are all condemned by the law, we can nev- 
er be justified by the law, but are shut up unto that way ofjusli- 
fication, which God has provided for us in the gospeL He a«> 
■erts that God has set forth his love to be a propitiation throngh 
bith in his blood, to declare his righteousness in the remission of 
■ins, that he may be just, and the jusiifier of them that beliflve 
in Jesui. (Rom. 3. 26, 36.) He requires all, Jews as well as 
Gentiles— to believe in Jesus, in order to the obtaining of justifi- 
cation by faith in him : and so jealous is he of everything, that 
may interfere with this doctrine, or be supposed to serve as a joint 
ground of oar acceptance with God, tiiat he represents the smaU- 


1 ooBunmum t. 3. W 

eat metrars of iffianoA in anvAing elu, u actuilly msking void 
the foith of Ghriit, and Tcnaaring his dutii of no aTsil. Najr 
mmv — if he hinselfi or aven an ingel from heaven, ahoold eTor be 
fousd to propose any other ground of hope to Biofal men, he de- 
DotHicea a curse against him ; and leet the denunciation should be 
ereiloobed, he repeat* it with augmented enei^ ; " As we said 
before, so say I now again, if any man preach any other gospel 
unto you, than that ye have received, let him be accursed." 
(Gal. 1. 8, e.) 

T* the death of Christ he ascribes every blessing we possess. 
We we reconciled to God by the blood of his cross ; we are 
brought n^h to him, have boldness and access with confidence, ' 
even to his Arone ; we are cleansed by it from all sin, yea, by 
this one offering of himself he hath perfected for ever, diem, tlutt 
are sanctified. 

But there is another view, in which die Apostle speaks of tbe 
death of Chriet, namely as a motive to our obedience. Strongly 
SB be eirfDi«ed the neeeesity of retjriDg on Christ and founding our 
ht^MB of salvation solely on his obedience nnto death, he was no 
less eamest in promoting the mteresta of holiness. Whilst he 
rapresmted the believers, " as dead to the law," and " without 
Isw," he still insisted, that diey were " vnder the law to Christ," 
and as mneh bound to obey ev«y little of it as ever ; and he en- 
foreed obedience to it in all its Iwaneiies, and to the ntmost possi- 
ble extent. Moreover, when the doctrines which he had inculca- 
ted, were in danger of being abused to licentious purposes, be ex- 
pressed his utter abhorrence of such a procedure ; and declared, 
"that the grace of God, which brought salvation, tauaht them, 
that denying ungodlineM and worldly lusts, they should live right- 
eoBriy, soberly and godly in this present world." Tims 2. 11, IZ. 

A life of holy obedience is represented by him, as the object ot 
his coming was " to save his people from their sins." The same 
was die scope and end of his death, even to " redeem them from 
an iniquity and to purify nnto himself a peonliar people, zealous 
of good works." His resnrrectioD and ascension to heaven had 
also the same end in view ; for '■ therefore he both died and rose 
and revived, diat he might be the Lord both of the dead and living." 
Impressed with the sense of these things himself, St. Paul labor- 
ed more abundandy, dian any of the Apostles in his holy voca- 
tion : he proceeded with a seal, which nothing conid qaench, and 
an ardor, which nothing could damp. Privadons, labors, impris- 
onments, deaths were of no sccount in his ejres ; none of these 
'* tilings moved him, neither counted he his life dear unto him, so 
that he might but finish his course with joy and lulfil the ministry, 
tiiat was committed to him." But what was the principle, by 
which he was actoaled T He himself ulls us that he was impelled 
by a sense of obligation to Christ for all diat he had done and 


H 1 ooBiNTBum 2. 3. 

suffered for him : " The love of Christ conatrainelb ns" said ht; 
" because we tEius judge, that if one died for all — then were all 
dead ; and that be died for all, thai they, who live, should not 
henceforth live unio themselves, but unto him, who died for them 
and rose again." This is Uiat principle, which he desired 
nniversally embraced, and endeavored to impress on the minds of 
all ; " We beseech you brethren" said he, " by the mercies of 
God, that you present your body a living sacrifice, holy, accepta- 
ble to God which is your reasonable service." Rom. IS, 1. What 
mercies he referred to — we are at no loss, to determine ; they am 
the great mercies, vouchsafed to as in the work of redemption : 
for so he says in another place ; " Ye are bought with a price ; 
therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are 

It was not from an authentic fondness for one particular point 
bat from the fullest conviction of his mind, that the Apostle adopt- 
ed this resolution — " I determined to know nothing among; you 
save Jesus Christ and him crucified : I have made it, and will 
ever make il my theme, my boast and my song." He determined 
to know nothing but Christ and Him crucified — > becanse it con- 
tained all thai he was commissioned to declare, and because it 
contained all that could conduce to the happiness of man. There 
are other things which may amuse ; but there is nothing else that 
can contribute lo man's real happiness. Place him in a situation 
of great distress ; let him be oppressed with any great calamity ; 
or let him be brought by sickness to the borders of the grave ; 
there is nothing that will satisfy his mind, but a view of this glor- 
ious subject. Tell him of his works ; and he feels a doubt, — a 
doubt — which no humaa being can resolve — what is that precise 
measure of good works, which will insure happiness ; tell him of 
repentance, and of Christ eupplyiag his deficiencies ; and he will 
still be at a loss to ascertain whether he has attained that measure 
of penitence or of goodness, which is necessary to answer the 
demands of God. But speak to biro of Christ, as dying for the 
sins of men, and " casting out none that come unto him," as 
" purging us by his blood from all sin," and as clothing us with 
his own unspotted righteousness ; yea, as making his own grace 
to abound, not only where sin has abounded, but infinitely beyond 
our most abounding iniquities, (Rom. 6. 20, 21.) set forth lo him 
the freeness and euSciency of the Gospel salvation, and he wants 
nothing else ; he feels that Christ is >' a Rock, a sure foundation;" 
and on that he builds without fear, assured that " whosoever be- 
lieveth in Christ shall not be confounded." He hears the Savior's 
saying, " This is life eternal, to know Thee the only true God, 
and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent ;" and having attained 
tfast knowledge, be trusts that the word of Christ shall be fulfilled 
lohim : he idieady exalte in the language of the Apostles, ** who 


1 cDsiinnuiM 9. i. 97 

'» he that condamneth T it is Ohrut, Uiat died, yea rather, that is 
risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also mak- 
eth inlereeasion for us." 

But if a sense of guill afflict some, a want of riclory over 
their indwelling corruptioas dlBCreBses others ; aad to them also 
th« doctrine of Christ cracilied administera ihe only effectual ro- 
lief. The consideration of eternal rewards and punishmenia 
affords indeed a powerful incentive to exertion ; butelTbrls spring- 
ing from those motives only, will always savor of constraint ; they 
will never be ingenuous, hearty, affectionate, nnrcserved. But let 
a sense of redeeming love occupy the sou), and the heart becomes 
enlarged, and " the feet are set at liberty to run the way of God's 
commandments." There is no other principle in the universe so 
powerful as tlie love of Christ; whilst that principle is in action, 
no commandment will ever be considered as grievous ; the yoke 
of Christ in everything will be easy, and his burden light ; yea 
the service of God will be perfect freedom ; and Ihe labor of oar 
souls will be to "stand perfect and complete in ail the will of God." 

If then these things be so — O let us lake care that we know 
Christ crucified. Many, because they are born and educated in a 
Christian land, are ready to take for granted, that they are instruct- 
ed in this glorious subject ; but there is almost as much ignorance 
of it prevailing amongst Chrisiians as amongst the Heathen ihem- 
s«lvea. The name of Christ indeed is known, and he is compli- 
mented by ns with the name of Savior, but the nature of his 
oflice, the extent of his work and the excellency of his religion, 
are known to few. Let not this be considered as a rksh assertion : 
for we will appeal to the consciences of all; Do we find that the 
Apostle's views of Christ are common 1 Do we find many so filled 
with admiring and adoring thoughts of this mystery, as to count 
all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of it ; and 
to say like him : " God forbid that I should glory, save in the 
cross of our Lord JeEUs Christ? 

As Christians we have one object of pursuit — which deserves 
all our care and all ^r labor ; yet we may all, with great propri- 
ety determine to know nothing but Christ and him crucified. This 
is tfie subject which even " the angels in heaven are ever desiring 
(to look into," and which we may investigate for our whole lives, 
and yei have depths and heights unfathomed and unknown. St. 
Paul desired to know Christ more and more, " in the power of his 
resurrection, and in the fellowship of his Bufferings." This there- 
fore we may well desire, and count all things but loss in compari- 
son widi it. 

The doctrine of Christ crucified ever did, and ever will, appear 

" foolishness" in Ihe eyes of ungodly men ; hnl there is one way 

of displaying its excellency open to us, a way in which we may 

efi«ctoally >' put to ahame the ignorance of foolish men;" viz., 



M I 

" by well dmog;" that ii hy ibewti^ the suieliiyinK a»d tmm- 
forming efficacy of thJi doctrine. Sl Psd) uUa us that by the 
cross of Christ tbe world was crucified unio bim, and heontatb^ 
wotld; and sQcb is die effect, that it should produce in us ; w« 
sbould show that we are mrn of another woiid, and men too of 
" a more excellent spirit :" we should show the fmit* of our h'n^ 
in CTCry rriation of life ; and in so doing wc may hope to- " win 
by our good coaversation many, who would nerei have inbmitled 
to the preached word. 

But we must nerar forget where onr strength is, or on whose 
aid we mast entirely rely. The prophet Isaiah retninda us of this; 
Surely shall one say, " In the Lord have I righieowness and 
strength ;" and our Lord himself [^inly tells us, that " without 
bim we can do nothing." Sura then, "we have no sufficiency 
in ourselves to help oursdves," and God has <* laid help for ue u^ 
on One, thsl is mighty," let us " live by faitb on Ibe Son of 6oi" 
receiving daily out of his folness that grace, thai shall be " suffici- 
ent for us." Let us bear in mind, ibu this is a very principal part 
of the knowledge of Christ cruei&ed : for as " alt our fresh springs 
ire in Christ," so mnst we look continnalty to him for " the sup- 
plies of his Spirit," and have him for our wisdom, our rigbtoons- 
nese, our sanctificwion and redemption. 

The cock crowed once, and Peter's careless ear 
Could bear it, but his eye spent not a tear ; 
The cock crowed twice ; Peter began to creep 

' To the fireside, but yet he could not weep — 
The cock crowed tbrio ; our Savior turn'd about 

. And look'd on Peter ! — Then his tears burst out ; 
'Twas not the cock — it was our Savior's eye I 
Till he shall give iis tears, — we cannot cry. 


Ir we remember right, it was on the I6th of Jnly 1861, when • 
we, paying a visit to Bethlehem, and enteHni{ the house of a cler^ 
ical brother, accidentally met five ar six brethren in the ministry, 
who had come together to have a friendly exchange of idess f&t 
mutual encouragement in our official and private christian life. 

Without at the time " looking abroad among other ubristisn de- 
nosii nations," — where, however, sn^ meetings of ministera for 
mutual edification and eneouragmieM are of frequent oecurrenoe. 
-—we felt, that it wn good fi>T us to hmve spent a few honraih' 
this maniMt, ind thoraw* fmoItmI, on the lOth of Beptembet.- 


"•^ha wpcdel maoMiri&l'idB]? foi the L&boren .in the Chwich »f 
the United Bratluen," to owet again and to invite other brethren 
#o the i9iDifll>7 to meet with us at fiethlebem. This invitatiun 
was given by rarans or a printed Circular, fuliy stating, that tlie 
otject of the msetiag ■■ moeld be entirely apiritual and its intention 
■vould of coarse be, not to legislate, (for which an opportunity is 
kfforded at our Prov. Synods), but to strengthen and cheer each 
-other.. and to drav more closely that bond, which should unite us 
" iiir the perfecting oflhe saints, for the work of the ministry, for 
:the edifying of the body of Christ, till we all come into the unity 
•of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God." 

A eonsiderable nomher of clerical brethren accepted this invita- 
tion, and thus the first Ministers' Conference, was held at Bethle- 
hem in September, 1851, and a second, still more numerously at- 
tended, at the same place in September IBfiS. 

Though both meetings were of a strictly unofficial character, 
—the members of the Prov. Elders' Conference, attending only in 
their private capacity, — still a great interest would be naturally 
fell in these proceedings by our respective congregations, and all 
thote really interested in the welfare of our Zion. We therefore 
appointed a Standing Committee, by which full reports of our de- 
liberations, with some accompanying documents, have been pub- 
lished in the Germaa and Euglish languages, and freely distributed 
among all, who desired them. 

We were pleased to hear, that our Brethren in Europe, both in 
England and Germany, not only read our Reports with interest, 
but had them partly reprinted for circulation in the trans-aUantic 

We were more especially rejoiced to receive on the part of the 
Ministers of the Brethren's Congregations in the North of Ireland. 
a very full and friendly communication, part nf which has been 
pablished in our Report of last year. 

It affords us great satisfaction that a Lay-brother, also, has ex- 
pressed his opinion in (he last No. of the Moravian Church Mis- 
.cellany, and as the members of our Church have now, since L8S0, 
" like other denominstions the means of communication and of 
the expression of their opinions through this our church-paper, 
which, though only edited monthly, will suffice for all practical 
purposes," — we hope and trust, that br. A. B.C. maybe speedily 
fallowed by br. D. E.andbr.F.G., etc.. in order that any subject 
of vital interest for nur Church may be fiilly discussed. 

■We feel it notour duty, as members of the Standing Commiilee, 
—as iP were in a semi-official way — lo answer the "Communica- 
tion" of br. A. B. C. rather preferring to leave the field open for 
other brethren of the clergy and luity, but would merely remark, 
that it appears to us, as if br. A. B. 0. had misunderstood ^e 



motivt, vhiefa occasioned these meeiJDgi, and hare therefore felt 
in duly bound, to give the above statement of facts. 

la conclusion we cannot refrain from paying a tribute of respect 
and sincere brollierly love to our late br. Van Vteck, who both as 
President of our yearly meeting? and as Chairman of the Standing 
Committee displayed not only a great fervor and zbb] in the cause 
of the Lord, but always acted with great caution and circumspec- 
tion, anxiously avoiding everything, which might give just caaae 
of offence, but still firmly maintaining his position as an ambassa- 
dor of Christ, to promote whose cause was the aim and object of 
his whole life. 

His last words of encouragement will at present be read with 
peculiar interest. 

" Come then, beloved brethren, let us give room to hope, let ns 
strengthen each other in faith, embrace one another in love, and 
covenant together, to be more faithful in future ! Let us look up- 
ward and forward. We who already are advanced in age, may 
perhapB not live to sec it; but who can tell, what great. thin^ 
you, our younger brethren, may yet be privileged to behold, when 
we shall have gone to our rest in the]grave. Then will you ex- 
claim : These^are the times, which the fathers longed and hoped 
for, but saw them not. The Lord grant it is infinite mercy !" 

levin t. reichel 

8ecret*>7 of Standing Committee. 


1. Recent letters from South Africa, do not represent the pros* 
pect of peace iu Kaffraria as being so near at hand as the public 
prints would lead one to snppose. Br. Bonatz writes from Shiloh, 
under date of October 4th. that on the Uth of September an en- 
gagement took place at Whiltlesea. near Shiloh, in which the 
English troops were forced to yield to the Kaffirs. Frequent 
thefts of cattle continue to be perpetrated in that neighborhood. 
But our missionaries there have suffered no damage, and were all 
well; their children, however, had just got over the nieasles. 
The weather had been very favorable for the produets of the soil. 
Br. Gysin slates that the summer-house has been given up to the 
missionaries again, and that he has opened a school in it with 
.eleven Hoiienioi and twenty-one Fingoo and Kaffir children ; 
there, too, the meetings, for which there was hitherto no other 
place than llie kitchen, can now be held. At Knon all has been 
q;iiel for the lut months. 



S. In a lelter from Bluefields, dated October 25lh. br. Pfeiffer 
girei an acceunt of the mission on the Mosquito coast. The 
ineetingB were generally well attended. On the 21at of June the 
first post for the new church was solemnly set up. The king 
and the English consul were present at llie ceremony. A conven* 
ient spot of ground in the middle of the city was granted lo tha 
brethren for the purpose of erecting this building, 

3. Br. Tteger in a communication from Australia ander dale of 
July 12th, speaks of the joy which he and br. Spieseke experi- 
enced in receiving several visits from the natives, who treated the 
missionaries in a confidential manner. They were the more de- 
lighted si this, because the savages had for some lime kept ai a 
distance from them, being rendered mistrustful by certain malevo- 
lenl reports which had been spread abroad concerning the mis- 

4. Br. Gardin, after a speedy voyage of twelve days, reached 
St. Thomas again in safety. Thnre was a great deal of sickness 
amongst our missionaries on the Danish Wesl India Islands. Br. 
and er. Lind and br. Theodore Sondermann set sail from London 
for Jamaica on the 7th of December. The missionaries destined 
for Surinam, after putting to sea and encountering heavy sUH'ma, 
were obliged lo retnrn to port again at Neuwendiep. 

6. Br. Emil A. von Schweinitz,Inspertorof the Female Board- 
ing School ai Salem, has been appointed to fill br. Kluge's place 
as Administrator of the Brethren's possessions in Wachovia. Br. 
Kluge has been instructed by the U. K. C. to visit all the North 
American congregations before he leaves for Germany. 

6. Br. Schondorf, diaspora-laborer in Zurich, having retired 
from his labors on account of sickneis, br. Traijgott Clemens, a 
teacher of the Boys' School at Gnadenberg, will supply his place. 
The number of places lo be visited by our home-miBsionaries in 
Wirtemberg ia so great, that it has become necessary to appoint a 
third laborer amongst our scattered brethren and friends in that 
district, and br. Frederic Schaefer, a teacher of the Paedagogiuia 
at Nisky, has therefore been called thither. 

7. Br. Amadeus Eberle, minister of the congregation id Kil- 
wariin, being obliged, through indisposition, to leave the service 
for a season, br. George Moxen, teacher in the Boys' School at 
Fulneck, has been called to take his place. Br. Richard Voullaire, 
assistant to br. Peter Latrobe, has beeD appointed laborer of the 
single Brethren's choir in Fairfield. Br. John Kolmann, who has 
been obliged by sickness to return from Jamaica, will for the pres- 
ent lake br. Schwarx's place as minister of the congregation in 
Gracefield. On the 8th of December, br. Moxei and sr. Susan- 
na Mallalien were constituted acolyths by the Elders' Conference 
in Falneck. 

S. The single siaiera of Fulneck celebrated the centeonial jubilee 



of die consecration oftbeir chon-faoase on the 15th of December, 
under a BCnse of the Lord's gracious presence. 

0. On the 20th of November ihe^widowed sr. Susanna Becker, 
iingle Waters, who had served with her late husband npon oui 
mission in Jamaica, died at Fairfield in the 76th year of her age. 

10. On the 31st of December the U. E. C. concluded their sit- 
tings for this year by falling at the feet of our dear Lord in prayer; 
abashed at the consciousness of their failings and mistakes, but 
filled with thanks and praise for His manifold aid and grace, 
Touchsafed again throughout this year; and confidently believing 
th%\ He, as our faithful Lord and Elder, will continue, with His 
wonted mercy and love, to care for His Brethren's Church in fa* 
tnre years. 

11. Just published and for sale in the Book-store at Gnadan : 
Liturgische Gesaenge ueber bibliiche Texle, zur gemeinscbafllich- 
ea ond zur Privaterbaaung. 

from the Report of a Brother, laboring in Lower SHena. 

During my visit in the province of Glatz, I had many inter- 
views with Roman Catholics. In some places, tbey in crowds ab- 
tended oat evening meetings, held in the houses of Prolestants, 
living isolated among them. For hoars together yon might con- 
veiM with them on the doctrines of salvation, and whatever they 
were U^ from the Word of God, was new and interesting to ihem. 
I was now paying my first visit to the large village of Camnitz, 
at the base of the Snow mountain, where a solitary Protestant 
family residea, who, years ago, had emigrated thither from Mora- 
via. One of the sons having been converted by Divine grace, had 
already exercised a salutary influence on his parents and the rest 
of the family. Several Catholics were so much interested in this 
first meeting held here, and started so many questions, that it was 
past midnight, before they lefi the house. At another place, about 
5Q Catholics, tiwethar with a few Protesiants, attended our Sun- 
day meeting. They wore so intent upon bearing the Word of 
God, that they desired to have another meeting, after a short re- 
oeu, promising to introdnce some more of their friends. Early 
in th? rooming, a Catholic mother brought her little daughter, be- 
fore I left, that she might recite a number of verses, irhich the 
child did with great animation. The mother's object waf, to 
prove, how dMply she felt concerned for the spirimiil wel&re of 
her children. She expressed her gratitude for d)e blesfuig iecq)v- 


na)tt HissioiiAity iiioidbktb. 108 

«d at the meeting, by nest momiog bestowing pleQtj of provisions 
on (he poor family, in trliose house we hati met, and insisting, 
that I must likewise pariake of ibc good cheer. A selection of 
suitable tracts seemed to be very thankfully accepted by all thcM 

Being accompanied by a worthy friend to another town, and be- 
ing overtaken by a heavy shower of rain, we stepped into a mis- 
erable little cottage, in which two Catholic women resided. The 
one had been ailing for a long time ; the other, who was in good 
heallh) had just returned from mass, and laid her rosary on the 
table. The rosary, in the course of our converaslion, inirodueed 
the subject of prayer, while both of the women labored hard to 
oonvince me of ihe necessity of repeating many prayers. With 
tU that, however, they did not scruple to admit, that, in spite of 
the multiplicity of their prayers, they could not divest themselves 
of the fear of death, which would frequently haunt them even at 
church. We now entered more fully into this subject, and observ- 
ed, that so long as we regard our prayers as meritorious deeds, 
they can not answer their end ; inasmuch as we are not saved by 
rsason of our prayers, but of grace, and for the sake of (be merits 
of Christ. Our prayers, if sincere, are the fruit of the holy 
Spirit's work, and at the same lime a token of our relation to GoOt 
our Savior, as his children. So long as our sighs and supplica- 
tions are not sprinkled with the blood of Christ, they do not find 
their way to the heart of our heavenly Father. For the sake of 
Jesus, our grest Highpriest, alom, and through his name, we ob- 
tain grace and forgiveness. If his holy Spirit support us, with 
grosnings that cannot be uttered, before the Father's throne, then 
He also grants us the spirit of adoption and takes away from us 
o«r evil conscience. Through Christ's atonement also, we obtain 
boldness in die day of judgment. These, and similar thoughts 
occupied our minds for better thnn an hour, during which the 
hearts of the two Catholic women appeared to be gready relieved ; 
for they remarked : " Our priests do not make the way of salva- 
tion so easy for us ; and yet, what we have juat heard, is all true. 
We will long remember this conversation about the rosary, and 
will diligenUy make our appeals to Ihe Lord Jesus." At parting, 
I furnished them both with appropriate tracts, for which they 
were the more thankful, as they had never seen any other book, 
but their breviary. 

In many places on the Owl mountains, I found great distress 
among the poor weavers, and many were earned off by a fever, 
ariiing from the prevuling famine. It was extremely painful, to 
eDconnler s^ many, pale, emauiated, almost famished ereatates. 
Itidfod, thfi most souj-hanowing atoriss were rolated of their saff- 



eriagi. Creditable wilneases assured me, that the poor peoptt 
wonld sometimei figbt witli dogi for the possession of a bone or 
kitchen offals. A poor old wnman, who had in vain sought lo 
dispose of a bagfull of 6r-cones, which she had gathered in the 
woods, sod which ahe desired to fell for a groat, so as to buy 
some bread, al last, afler many intrealies, succeeded ii obtaining 
the mite from the scboolmaater, who himself had first to loan the 
money. The poor woman declared despairingly, that she would 
once more eat her fill, and then die ! The latter e¥ent, alas I oc- 
curred sooner than any one had expected. Next morning she 
was found in the ntifhborhood of the village, suspended from a 

In another village, a poor old widow accompanied dm a great 
distance, complaining with many tears of her starving condition. 
8be was not altogether devoid of religious feelings, and ready to 
receive a word of consolation. Some months ago she had pawn- 
ed her last articles of bedding, from sheer want, and the day was 
fast approaching, when she must redeem them. In vain did she 
solicit alms at many doors, and the little she got by begging, did 
not sufGce lo refund the money loaned. Still she trusted, in child- 
like faith, that the Lord would nol forsake her in her old age ; and 
He afterwards inclined a friend, lo furnish her, out of his own 
Kanty purse, with as much, as made up the residue of the money 
she had to refund. This called forUi her grateful acknowledg- 
nents to the Lord, who livaa fulfilled his promise, to be the Friend 
and Provider of widows. 

Daring this year of general distress, we had many instances of 
tiie wonderful dealings of the Lord with the children of men, 
whose hearts he turns as the water-courses. A poor family were 
in arrears for the rent, dae to their landlord. Payday was ap- 
proaching, and the host threatened to levy on their goods, while 
they were utterly at a Iosh where to procure the money. Help, 
however, was near. On the evening preceding payday, the Lord 
pnl it into the heart of a wealtby man, to send the family a piece 
of coin of the value required forthwith. Why he should send 
just that amount of money, he was nol himself aware of. Next 
morning, the poor man cdled on his benefactor, ihankfally ack- 
nowledged the gift, and added, that the sum received, was exactly 
the amount required to satisfy his landlord. 

fi-om the Rtport of a Brother, laboring in the cotmlrjf about 

Satmover and Brtt/utoick^ 

The brodier at B. in whose house the meetings of onr society 

are held, had a special answer lo prayer last winter. He wis one 

day bitten by hi* own little dog, who was running at large. Th*- 



wound being bul trifiing, he paid no sitention to it, but the next 
day it appeared, thai the dog was mad, and had bitten a servant. 
Out brother and his wife being greatly alarmed, and the 'wounded 
part beginning to swell, he at once applied bandages, dipped in 
cold water, to the wound ; calling upon nis wife and five children 
to give themselves to fervent prayer in his behalf; while he hini- 
lelf earnestly besought the Lord, lo manifest Himself in his'caee 
BB the true physician of the body and the ''soul, and 'la preserve 
his life, for (he sake of his uneducated children. The Lord gra- 
ciously answered his prayer, causing the wound lo be healed by 
the use of the above simple means, without any subsequent evil 
results ; while the servant, bitten by the same dog, died at the hos- 
pital, in spile of all the remedies applied. 

To the EMlOT of the Church MisctUany :— 

Dear Brother ; 

1 have discovered, in the old Hebron diaries, an anecdote of the 
Revolutionary war, which is so curious, and to the best of my 
knowledge, so entirely new, that it well deserves to be rescued 
from oblivian. 

Some months after the battle of Trenton, which, as every 
American ought to know, was fought on the 26lh of December 
1776, a division of the Hessians captured by Washington was 
quartered in the Moravian Church, or rather "congregation house" 
Still standing at Hebron. On the 39tli of August 1777 these 
'prisoners of war took possession of the house, and now, for the 
space of nearly ten months, it was occupied by one or another 
detachment. At that lime, ihe minister of the congregation was 
brother Bader, who together with his family remained iiving'ip 
the lower story of the building. Hence, of course, he was con- 
stantly thrown into contact with the Hessians; in fact, as many a 
quaint exclamation in his diary testifies, often saw much more of 
them than he desired. 

Ttiis by way of explanation. — Now for the anecdote. I trans- 
late it from the entry in brother Bader's diary, under date of the 
4th of February I77B : 

"To-day a rifleman from Anshach (ein Ansbachischer Yaeger) 
and a corporal visited brother Bader, They related to him, that 
Howe had written a letter to Washington containing merely the 
■eventh chapter of the prophet Ezekiel, and thai Washington had 
replied by copying and sending to Howe the fourth chapter of the 
book of Baruch." 



Aaj one who jrill take ihe trouble to read tbeie twD clup|era> 
will perceive with what wonderful l«et WashingUui asleoted « 
proper biblieal answer to the English geoeral's biblical despalch. 

I ace no reaaon lo doobt the iruth of the anecdut^. It seejus 
Bcarcely credible that two German snidiers ahould have been the 
iaventoTs, What poasible object could ihey have had in view ! 
Truly yours 


Lebanon, Feb. 17th, 1853. 


Br. John Uirich Guenlher has received an appointment to the 
Home Miaaion service, and will for (he present, labor amongst the 
irerniana in New York and ita vicinity. Br. Ealtenbrunn like- 
wiae continues lo carry on the work atnoi^t the GermaBs in that 
-city as heretofore. 


Luke 9. 62. " No man, having put hia hand to the plough, 
and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God." 

In the kingdom of heaven and its labors there must be no look' 
ing hack ; for. firstly, there lies but the world — Sodom — behind 
us, with which we have nothing lodo; to look bactfor curiosiiy'e 
aake is ioadmiiaible, becauae there still remains within our hearts 
a secret tendency to the world. Secondly, it is impossible to 
look backwards and forwarda at the same time; but to keep a 
steady eye upon the mark we once have set before ua, and lo press 
towards it without wavering,— this ia our duty. ■ Further yet !' 
is the watchword of the children of Ood — but they also add 
' with God.' 

1 Sam. 17. 49, 50. " And David put his hand in his bag. and 
took thence a stone, and slang it, and amote the Philiatine in hia 
forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead ; and he fell upon 
his face lo the earth. So David prevailed over the Philistine with 
• a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him." 

Goliath ia all that opposes the christian. The brook (v, 40.) 
is the Bible, the smooth stones are the divine promises contained 
therein, the hag ia the heart, the sling which receives (he atone is 
a living, self-applying, grasping faitbi and David, in the moment 


WtHtH Ive atfngi tdb BloAe atitielKad of th«' PhilMtioe, repreients 
dw ChrMaD, as, With the Bifol6 in his haoit of faith, be meets the 
atlMlM of the eAemy, and with the word of God lays the ad»w- 
sarv in the dust. He who koows how to guicle theM weapons, — 
and the Holy Spirit teaches us the art, — is invincihle and gains 
ote vletory aftier another. 

Br. Henry A. Shultz, who had filled the office of assislanl min- 
ister of the congregation at Litiz; has receivsd a call as minister 
of Ae congregation at Lancaster in the place of br. Robert de 
Sohweinitz, who sneceed* his brother Emil de Schweinilz asPrin- 
cipctl oT the Yoang LadiM* Seminary at Salera, N. C. 


■^e Society held its inniveraary on Sunday the 20th of Feb- 
r^ry, when the reports of Last year were read, and an address was 
delivered by br. Kampicana. The exercises were opened and 
closed as usual. 

B^ort of the TreaitiTtr of the T. M. M. S. for 1852. 
The accounts of the Society show the following reattll : 
Amount of money received 

As follows ; Proceeds of Annual Meeting 

13 19 



Proceeds of Musenra 

38 03 

Interest of Sinking Fund 



6 19 


138 02 

Add Balance of last year 

246 12 


384 74 

Deductions : 

Appropriation to br. 0. Bishop 

10 — 

aft — 

" ■' A. Hamilton 

IB — 

" " Litiz, Jamaica, 

20 — 

" " Friedeasthat, St. Thomas 

20 — 


Freight, etc. - - 

51 f 1 


Shows s Bal&Bce' in the Treasurer, Jan. 1st, 1863. 248 & 

Respectfully submitted 

C. O. Brukkxr, Treasurer. 



TuK uRioiNAL Memoirs of our late br. Tao Tleck being wri^ 
ten in (he German language, it was not. pQisible to have Ibem 
iranelaled into English in time for this No. of the Miscellany. 
They_will appear in the April No. 

Skvebat. communications from some of onr brethren will appeu 
in the Miscellany — as soon as we can find room. 

Payments received by Rev. C. F. Seidel. 

Bethlehem for 1853:— John Warner, Phillip H. Goepp, Wm. 
Brown, Reuben Lutkenbach, George Diion, John Miksch, Rufua 
Grider, E. F. Bleck, Jacob Rice, Th. Roepper, Ch. W. Rauch, 
Gh. D. Bishop, Maurice Jones, Qr. Fickardl. Abr. Luckenbach, 
Augustus Wolle. Arabroae Rauch, Horace Jones, James Leibert, 
Adam Gerin^, Henry D. Bishop for himself and C. R. StraHsa. 
C. F. Beckel, l!ethl.Congr.,$3., Mrs. Josephine Rice. Mrs, Hugee, 
Mrs. Fred. Guetter. Sarah Horsfield for 1852 and '53. 

Hope, Ind.;— Th. L. Lueders, Lewis Essex, Martin Strack, 
Eli Reed. R. Neilson for 1852 and '53. 

Alabama :— Mrs. Mary Bleck, 1853 and '54. 

Lancaster : — Mrs. Elis. Brenner, Mrs. Kaufman, each for 1852. 
Miss Ann E. Demuth for 1853. Henry R. Reed, Jos. Eberraan, 
for 1851 and '53. 

Philadelphia :— Rev. G. W. Perkins, John R. Essler, Mrs. S. 
Troutwine, (omitted in January,) Mrs. Geo. Ritter, each for 1863. 
J Salem :— Mrs. Anna Schober. 

Gnadenhuetlen : — Lewis Peter, Abr. Shemel, Theod. Fox, for 
1852. Joshua Miksch, Gus. Fox, Edw. Peter, Ch. B. Peter, 
Adam Dell, for 1853. 

Litizt — Ferd. Lennert. Maryland : — Em. <3ernand. 

New York ;— Mrs. Anderson, Mrs. Harriet B. Fisk. 

Erratuh in the February No. 

Nazareth : — Dr. Waller, Jac. Beck, Miss Elis. Daniel, paid 
for 1853. Rev. Hoffedilz, J. C. Leibfried for 1852. Th. Clewell 
for 1851 and '52. 

Pa^ 66, the 10th line from the top, strike out the first letter 
■ I ', and read " if that glorious gospel light, thai trust is hidden," 

fc#" B«ceiTeil by Bev. CbBriw F. Seidel ibrths germaa congregHtton in Bo- 
hemia, in consequence of tbe Appeal, page fi4. 

From His> E. Lilliendfthl, 12 — I From a brother in Schoeneck, 2 — 
" a brother in Bethlehem 2 50 " Rev. Sjlv. WoIIb 10 — 

" « « .. 6 _ 'I several uiten 6 76 

" br. C. P. BMkel, I — "a fiiend in PhiladBljAii, 2 — 




SXotaman €l)urfl) iHisallaua. 

APRIL, 18S3« 

who hi^ipily feU odeep at Bethlehem, Fa,, 

(Chlflfl; U^^flu from HunoimiidB, finukl ■moncrt IlIb p^ien, tu Ub own lutiUI-VTitlng-) 

[Tranilated tram the Gumin.] 

I VA8 barn on the 14ih of November 1790, at BBlhlehem, Pa., 
where my parents then resided, — the FemalB Boarding School at 
that place being under ttieir inspection. My sainted father, Jaeob 
Van Vleck, was horn in New York ; and my grand-parents, Heniy 
and Jane Van Vleck (single Gargill), were amongst the first mem- 
bers of our congregation in Ihal city. The course of sludy which 
my father had commenced at Nazareth, he completed in our aemi- 
nary in Germany ; and after having spent some years in the ser- 
vice of the church in that country, he returned to his native land 
in company with Dr. Christian F. Kampmann, who subsequently 
became my father- in-law. On occasion of a second journey to 
Europe, to attend the synod of 1789, he was united in marriage, 
at Herrnhut, with my moiher, Anna Elizabeth Slcehley, who has 
also gone to her happy rest. Her parents were laborers of the 
Brethren's Society in Berue, (Switzerland,) and there she was 
born. She was educated at Neuwied, and at the time of her 
marriage was employed in teaching school at Herrnhut. These 
worthy parents of mine dedicated me to the Lord from ray birth; 
and both I and my brother, Charles Anthony, who was four years 
my junior, and who has preceded me some years already into 
eternity, were brought up by them " in the nurture and admoni- 
tion of the Lord." There were many other brethren and sisters, 
who took a lively interest in ns during our earl/ childhood ; with 
grateful love do I still remember them. (Such were the bm. 


110 mMoiBs or be. wm. a. run vLtcx, 

Friei) Bonn ind Jnngman, the b». ShuUmile Nyberg, Mtnk 
Rosinm Schultz, etc.) At the age or »ix years I was placed in iha 
town school of Bethlehem. I had great respect for my parents 
and superiors ; and the impreBaion of one particular scene — when 
my dear mother led me into the meeting-hall, and with solemn 
earneslneBs gave me certain instructions and admonitions — remains 
indelibly fixed upon my mind. I was preserved from open im- 
proprieties, yet I felt the motions of my in-dwelling corruption at 
an early age, and at an early age, too, I fell the drawings of a Sa- 
Tier's love. I can, for instance, recollect right well with what 
inward delight [ would sit on the dour-sill and sing the verses thai 
I had learnt oat of our hymn-book, as also how my heart was so 
noved dnring the religiovB services of the children on die differ- 
ent prayer-days appointed for them in the year, that I was often 
affected to tears. I was, at this time, severely taken with Uie 
small pox, which made me quite blind for nine days, and it was 
only by continued and great cnre, on the part of my father espec- 
ially, that, under the blessing of God, my sight was saved. F^ra 
a child np I was subject to severe apella of head-ache, which, ai 
I was of a weakly habit, too, made me less disposed to share in 
Iha lively sports of children, and inclined me more to enjoy the 
intercourse of persons of malurer age. A talent for singing, which 
my father early sought to cnllivale, gave me many a heartfelt 
pleasure ; and I was very fond of drawing, too. On the 6th of 
May 1799 I entered the school at Nazareth Hall ; br. Charles 
Qolthold Reichel was at that time inspector of this institution. 
If was hard for me to get used to my new situation, and I had 
mnch to bear from my schaol-mates ; in spite of the strict 
sapervisioD which nor teachers constantly exercised over us in the 
Hall, I was exposed to many temptations to evil, whereby I be- 
came more conscious of the natural depravity of my heart. The 
Savior, however, though I then knew Him not, held His hand 
over rae and preserved me from heinous sins. From early years 
I had the impression that I once should serve the Lord. One day 
when I was playing soldiers with my comrades, and fancied my- 
self with a wooden sword, a teacher said to me : " What would 
your father think to thatT The Bible is to be your sword." This 
remark put me to the blush, but was never afler forgotten. 

I had just got over the measles, in the year 1802, when my 
parents, accompanied by my brother, moved to Nazareth and took 
cfairge of the Boarding School for Boys. Thus was I favored to 
enjoy their society, and be under their immediate care sgain, to 
great profit for my heart and spirit. Many thanks do I likewise 
0#e to the faithful instructors of my youlh. 

October Slst 18D8 I entered the great-boys' ehoir, and on the 
30th of Deumber of the same year l was reeeived into the eon- 
|lrq[MiUI. A> ounlidaie for confirmation I witnessed the calebr»- 



tiMi «f Ihc Lord's Bnppei for the first time on CIlb 25th orFeVni- 
wy, and m confirmand for the ■econd time on the 29th of March, 
1804. The instniction preparatory to confirmation was imparted 
to IDC by my father, who alao aotemRly confirmed me in my bap- 
tismal covenant on the I7tb of April ; whereupon I was gracious- 
ly permitted to partake of the body and blowl of the Lord in the 
Holy Communion for the first time on the 2Ist of the same month. 
UpcHi atL these occasions I felt the Savior's power in my hear^ 
Mid blessed impressions were made upon me. But 1 had not yet 
come to a right acquaintance with myself, and though I was by 
no means easy about my state, I still thought myself better than 
others; and in this opinion was I strengthened, when, in the enu* 
meralion of the scholars according to their diligence and good bo- 
faaTior, my name stood at the head of ihe list Outwardly I con- 
ducted myself well, but I allowed myself many a thing in secret 
for which my conacience upbraided me; and I also endeavored to 
keep on good terms with the baser part of the boys. One and 
another of the pupils felt at that time cotlcerned for their souls, 
and particularly one of the stranger-boarders, who in after years 
became a minister in the Lutheran church ; but scruples were en- 
tertained about various parts of my deportment, and at the next 
occasion my name no longer appeared as the foremost My con- 
•cience smote me, and shortly after, when my language- master 
took occasion during a private hour lo admonish me in a fatherly 
and earnest manner, my depravity rose up before me more plainly 
than ever before. This happened on the 25 Ih of August 1808, 
when I was, consequently, in my 16th year. This was the day 
that I never can forget, on which, after a long season of heart- 
wandering and iranagressing in many ways, known for the most 
pan only to myself, but chiefly in thought, I submitted myself (o 
the Savior, aud as the greatest of sinners, received His pardonii^ 
grace. With burning tears and a broken heart, 1 cried for mure 
than two hours unto Jesus for grace ; then 1 weut into the garret, 
and there read the history of br. Cennick's awakening iLnd recon- 
ciliation with God, in a copy of his life, which the faithful teach- 
er, of whom I spoke before, had lent me,— my tears continuing to 
flaw all the while, — until at last my heart seemed to say: "Be still, 
and Wait for the help of the Lord." I took a walk into Ihe gar- 
den, and now the hour struck at last in which I received the as* 
surance : " My son, be of good cheer, thy sins are forgiven thee." 
1 can neither describe nor forget the feeling of tranquillity and joy 
with which i reiuroed to the house again ; and every year since 
then have I observed this day as my spiritual birth-day. Certaii 
it is that the Savior drew nigher unto me at that time than ever 
before, and that for a long while after I continued in a child-like, 
happy frame of mind. The fervent evening-prayers of that 
' awakened youth mentioned above, which, though uttered in a low 


lis MKM0IB8 or BR. WM. H. TAN VUGX, 

lone, I still overheard without his being aware thereof) (for <ntr 
beds Btood aids by side,) and the intercoarse with uiother one of 
my Bchool-matee, who wbb likewise seriously impreeeed, aod who 
has since became an active laborer in the Brethren's Church, and 
has always continued to be my bosom friend, were greatly blessed 
tcf me. I daily sought retirement, and enjoyed sincere delight in 
praying to my unseen Friend ; I also felt an earnest desire to teU 
onto others what He had done for my soul. A diary, which I 
kept at that time, and in which my thoughts and feelings are ex- 
pressed with unaffected frankness, bears witness to a work of 
grace carried on by the Holy Spirit in my youthful heart ; it %a- 
pecially reminds me of many a powerful impression made upon 
me during the season of Lent, when ike last discourses of my Sa- 
vior, and the scenes of His sufferings and death were the subjecla 
of meditation ; but I must acknswledge, that I subsequently saw 
so much of the instability of my heart, that in seasons of despon- 
dency I often doubted of the reality of the experience which I 
have just described. I hoped thai certain sinful inclinalions, 
which{had heretofore assailed me, would never manifest (hein- 
selves again ; and because they did, for all, arise again, I was of- 
ten discouraged, and had not the heart lo approach the Savior. 
He, however, followed me with untiring patience, and contioually 
instructed me in the bitter knowledge of myself, so mortifying to 
my self-love. At the same time He revealed Himself to me as 
my comforter ; and in the learning of my lessons, too, which was 
often a diflicult task and drave me to prayer, He lent me His 

It being my own wish, as well as the wish of my parents, that 
I might study for the ministry, I therefore remained in the Hall 
beyond the usual lerm, and received private instruction in the 
languages. The Unity's Elders' Conference having given me 
permission to continue, and finish, my course of studies in our 
paedagogium and seminary in Germany, it was decided that I 
should accompany the brethren Verbeek and Foreslier on their 
return to Europe from the visitation which they were at this time 
making to (he American Congregations. The preparations for 
my journey were all completed, and my mind was set upon it. 
Prior lo the visit of these German brethren, however, a desire 
had been entertained for the establishment of a theological insti- 
tute in this countr}'. This desire was now granted, and my fath- 
er was requested to form such an institution in Nazareth : wher- 
upoi) I and two other of my school-companions, (Saml. Reinke 
and Peter WoUe,) were selected to make the beginning. We three, 
with br. Hazelius for our teacher, moved into a separate room on 
tbe 2d of October 1807, and br. Beehler also took part in our in- 



(tnictioD. On this occuion I mida > freah inmiider of myself 
10 the SsTior, with the sincere desire— 

" Pool tho' I mm and laeble, 

A* &T u I am able, 

I'U Tiald ThM Mrrics willinglj." (E. H. B. no. SI, t. 4.) 

We were in ■ childlike stale of heart, and nlued our Bitaation 
highly. Onr teachers labored faithfally to cultivate our minds and 
hearts, and I always recall those days to mind with pleasure and 
thankfulness. Painful experiences were not wanting, it ia true ; 
and for me, whose predisposition to melancholy became more and 
more manifest during the years employed in study, there was many 
a conflict to be endured. Yet, the foilhful Shepherd of souls 
never suffered me to lose ^ my confidence in Him, but always 
drew me to Himself again with cords of love. Of this I had an 
especial evidence at the lime of my reception into the Sini^le 
Brethren's Choir, which took place on the 20lh of August 1808. 
Hereupon I made a small beginning at teaching in the Boarding 
School. The deeper my insight into the essential characteristics 
of the Brethren's Church became, the more did I esteem the priv- 
ilege of belonging to her communion ; it waa, therefore, with a 
grateful heart that I gave my hand, and obligated pyself to observe 
the rules and teguUitona of the congregation. 

On the 7th of January 1809 I left the Theological Inatilute, and, 
with fear and trembling) entered upon the office of a teacher i& 
(he Boarding School ; casting myself, at the Same time, upon the 
grace of Hitn, whose "strength is made perfect in weakoeas." 
Of this I stood in need, too; for, throughyouth, inexperience and 
ansiousness, I had, during the first years of my leachership, such 
hard tiia^ to encounter, that my courage almost failed me, and 
my phyaical strength became so much impaired thati was obliged 
to make a trip to New York for the benefit of my health. But 
tiieae trials, together with certain other circumstances, conduced 
at the same time, to promote my growth in self-knowledge. In 
the last years of my teachership I had many a pleasure with my 

6upils, Bome of whom have become useful both in, and out of, the 
brethren's Ghnrch. 

Hy parents relinquished the inspectorship of Nazareth Hall in 
the year 1809 ; but I still enjoyed their intercourse for two years 
longer, tilt in the year 1811 they were removed to Litiz, and in 
the year following to Salem in North Carohna. The pain of be- 
ing separated from them waa very great both to myself and my 
brother, who was also preparing himself for service in the Breth- 
ren's Church ; but we likewise had cause to be thankful for hav- 
ing been permitted to share the benefit o^ their society so long. 



Tb« lad UlneM and bleuid end afvtj tsowin, Ifwa RanaQu Van 
Vleckt in ihe year 1813, likewise hflped tg further me in gnce. 

It waa about tbis line that 1 waa ctioaen aecretary to the com- 
mittee of the Nazareth Congregation ; and as a member of that 
body I bad frequent opportanitiea for obtaining an insight into the 
economy of the Biathren'a Church. But what was more to m« 
than all else, was, Aat I was permitted, through grace, to appeu 
in public and testify lo the love of Jeans. I cannot deaeribe the 
fedinga with which I preaohed my firal sermon on the third San- 
day in Advent 1811, at Chriatianabmnn, — the flrat place at which 
my father was Btationed in America, After ibis I also held forth 
in Nazareth, Bethlehem, Scbceneclc and that neighborhood, and 
likewise amoogBl the Menoniles in Mt. Bethel. My own heart 
was mueh profited by theie exercises. — As my health gave way, 
a change of silnalion became eontinually more desirable, and 1 
longed to be relieved of the harden of achool-keeping ; hut at that 
lime, there, appeared to be no prospect of deliverance. After a 
hard slniggla, Uierefore, on the 28d of Angust IS15, 1 sabmitied 
myself anew to the guidance of the Lord, and recorded my reso- 
lution in.wxitiog. On that very day (as I afterwards learned) lbs 
Unity's Kldere' Conference in Beithelsdorr asaigned ma another 
aituation — I was appointed, by Ihe lot, laborer of the single t>reth- 
ren's choir in Bethlehem, and, in connection with that office, I waa 
to assist in preaching, and to act the part of protocolist to the 
provincial Helpers' Conference. This call to the place of my 
birth I accepted with joy, and after keeping a farewell sermon in 
Nazareth, on the 7th of January 181S, I entered upon my new 
dniies on the day following. Nearly seventeen years of my li(i> 
had been spent in Naiarath Hall, and the retrospect of that period 
filled ray heart with lowliness and gratitude. — My new situation 
waa in many respects easier and more agreeable to me than die 
former had been, yet the hypochondria still tormented me. If aa 
laborer of the single brethren's choir 1 experienced many a pleas- 
ure, I likewise suffered many a pain. There was at that lime a 
very trying state of things in the Bethlehem congregation ; and 
the longer one attempted lo uphold certain regulalione which (hen 
existed, the more trying it became. However, my short slay of 
one year and seven months at ihii place was usehil to me as a 
preparation for further nsefulneas in the Brethren's Church. Aa 
one anongat the innumerable beaefiu which I here received at 
die hand of the Lord, I consider the friendship of br. Henry 
Steinhauer worthy of particular menUon : for the edifying and 
cheerful intercourse whieh I enjoyed with him, contributed much 
to my spiritual improvement and proved a blessing lo me. Some 
attempts were at that time made for the spiritual benedt of th9 
people living round about Bethlehem; for instance, a BUDday-acho<rf 
waa opened, in which I had charge of the hoya out of Ihe neiglir 



borhood, and religious tecTices were held at a place Itiree inilee 
below ihe town, on the Lehigh, where 1 preached first lo ihe ne- 
groee, and afterwards to the white-people, living in that vicinit]'. 
In some of the churches near at hand I also preached in German. 

At the Provincial Synod held in Bethlehem in June of 1817 
preparatory to the General Synod of the Brethren's Unity, which 
was to lake place at Herrnhut in the year following, I was present 
and took great interest in all its proceedings. At the close of the 
■ynod I was called to the puloral charge of the congregation at 
Philadelphia. Humbly and joyfully 1 accepted this appointment 
at the hand of the Lord, trusting that He would come to the help 
of my youth and inexperience. In consequence of this call to 
Philadelphia it became necessary that I should enter the married 
■tale; and herein the Savior directed meaccordingto His wisdom 
and love. In the single sister Anna Elizabeth Kampmann, who 
at that time presided over the economical concerns of the single 
sisters' house in Bethlehem, 1 found not only a bithful companion 
far life, but also a suitable and useful help-mste in all the things 
pertaining lo my spiritual office. For more than five and thirty 
years which I have spent with her in the service of the Savior, 
she has, under all circumstances, supported me with word and 
deed, especially when I Buffered from the depression of mind ts 
which I was subject, and in every way she has proved herself a 
faithful hand-maid of the Lord. It was on the lllh of August 
(817 that we were united in the bonds of holy matrimony, ai 
Bethlehem, by br. Charles Golthold Reichel. Our marriage uuion 
WHS blessed with fivechildren (3 sons and 3 daughters) four of whom, 
however, hastened away, in their tender infaucy, to the church 
aboie, and only one son is still living, who is at present teacher 
of the town-school in Nazareth. My ordination as Deacon wai 
performed at Bethlehem by the afore- mentioned estimable bishop 
of the Brethren's Church, on the 24th of August ; on which day, 
moreover, I preached my farewell sermon in this dear place of 
my birth, where I had again been making fresh experiences of the 
grace of my Lord, and obtaiaing a deeper knowledge of my own 

We set out for Philadelphia on the 26th, and arrived there on 
the day following. Our predecessors, br. and ar. George Miller, 
as also the committee and the members of the congregation, receiv- 
ed na cordially. 1 preached my introductory sermon on the 3lBt; 
and the Lord graciously assisted me : this, indeed. He continued 
lo do } throughout the five years and a quarter that we were favor- 
ed to serve Him in the metropolis of Pennsylvania, I experienced 
His help in ■ remarkable degree. The duties of my calling in 
this city were, in general, pleasant ; though difliculliee had som*- 
timea to be encountered, especially in the beginning) as I found 
the coQgregatioo, which waa composed partly of English, and 



partly orGerman, memberB, nnbappily divideil about the laoguage 
in which the serTices of the church were held. But by the help 
of the Lotd harmony was gradually restored ; and ihe erection of 
a DBw church likewise had its effect in promoting uDanimtly and 
peace. The corner-elone of this bnilding was laid on ihe 12lh of 
May 1619, and the consecration look place on the 12th of Decem- 
ber following. The congregation increased in numbers, and we 
were much encouraged in our labors, both by what the Lord was 
pleased (o do for us within the bounds of our own society, and 
by the acquaintances which we formed with (he children and ser- 
vants of God in other denominations. But on the other hand, 
onr ever-faithful Savior visited us with heavy domestic afilictions, 
causing us, amongst (he rest, to part with two out of three dear 
children, which were born unto us during our stay in (his city. 
The Lord strengthened us perceptibly under these trials, and (he 
brethren and sisters of the coagregation gave us the most touching 
proofs of their ayrapsthy and love. 

In the year 1920 I received an appointment to become Minis- 
ter of the congregation, sod Inspector of the Boarding School, at 
Bethlehem, which I did not, however, feel free to accept. But 
when in the year 1622, we were called to hold (he like offices in 
Nazareth, we did not venture to refuse, although we fell how great 
would be the pain of separation from our dear congregation in 
Philadelphia, and were well aware of our incapacity for the new 
and difficult situation which we were invited to fill. After taking 
an affecting leave of the congregation at Philadelphia on the 8th 
of December (1822), we set out, with our little son, for Nazareth 
on the 12th, and arrived there on the 13th. To our great joy we 
were welcomed by my dear parents, who had returned from Salem, 
and ever since the departure of our predecessors, br. andsr. Becb- 
ler, for Litiz, had been temporarily supplying our place in Naza- 
reth. The brethren and sisters here too, received us with unde- 
served love. At the outset of my labors as inspector, I met with 
a valuable assistant in the person of my brother Charles, who 
was at that time first teacher of ibe theological institute : in the 
year following, however, he was removed to Bethany in North 
Carolina. My introductory sermon at Nazareth was preached 
on the 15th of December ; and now I was favored to serve that 
congregation, in the midst of which the most important years ol 
my youth had been spent, and to preside over tha( institution, in 
which I had received my own educaiion. Deeply as I was im- 
pressed with (he importance of the station which 1 had been call- 
ed to fill, just as deeply did I feel how arduous and oppressive 
were the duties which it imposed upon me ; so that I was at times 
almost in despair : the number of pupils in the boarding-school 
had dwindled down until there were but few remaining, its pecun- 
iary concerns were in a state of embarrassment, and the manage- 



menl of the youag men studying in tlie iheological eemltiiiy con- 
nected with the Hall, was no trifling burden for my wesk ihoDl- 
ders. In addition to all ihia came family troubles of varioui 
kinds : — Our elder Hon had to pass through a long and dangerous 
illness, from which, however, he evenluaUy recovered ; — our aec- 
ond son, afler au&ering a long while, was at last removed from us 
by death, — as was also our youngest daughter who departed un- 
expectedly i — the health of my dear wife became very much en- 
feebled, nnder the presaure of theae domestic triaia and the con- 
stantly annoying cares, to which, as inspectresa, she was particu- 
larly subjected ; — on occasion of a visit which my parents were 
paying us, my dear mother broke an arm, and my revered father 
received a wound in the foot, — and at the time when these accidents 
happened, my brother Charles, with his ailing wife and two sick 
children, was slaying with us, on his way from Bethany to New- 
port. Both of my parents suffered inexpressible pain for some 
monUia ere they could return again to Bethlehem. Under all 
these afflictive dispensations, which were intended to try our faith 
and patience, we experienced the Savior's help, and He carried 
us safely through them all. The Boarding School, too, revived 
again under His bleaaing; and, having the prosperity of our pupils 
at heart, it rejoiced ua to perceive that we gained the confidence 
of their parenta. The Lord dealt graciously with our weakness : 
for although dangerous cases of sickness occurred, and serious ac- 
cidents happened at times, yet, daring the aix years and a half of 
our inspectorship, not a single death took place amongst the schol- 
ars under our charge. 

In the summer of 1824 I attended the Pisparalory Provincial 
Synod convened at Bethlehem, and took part in ita deliberation a. 

In addition to my pastoral duties in Nazareth, I for a length of 
time had a preaching atation at^ath, four miles diatani, and be* 
sides delivering an occasional sermon at Bethlehem and Schteneck, 
I embraced opportunities for proclaiming the word of God at Eaa- 
ton and Allentown, and at churches in the neighborhood. 

The premonitory symptoms of an inflamation of the wind-pipe, 
which I had for aome time feared, gradually became so strongly 
developed as to cause me anxiety about the future ; and my health 
in general appeared to sink beneath the burdens of my office in 
Nazareth : wherefore I repeatedly felt desirous of being removed 
to another atation. Meanwhile my ordination sa a Presbyter of 
the Brethren's Church, which was performed at Nazareth, on the 
14th of September 1828, by br. John Daniel Anders, served to 
encourage my heart, whilst at the same time it led me to self-ex- 
amination, and caused me to make a new surr«nder of myself to 
the Savior. 

On the 35th of April 1839 we received a call as laborers of 
our eoDgregation in the city of New York. After attending one 


Ill >smiiiB or BH. WK. a. tam tltck, 

moM pnbltB exBTDinatiofi nr ovr boarding-acbool pnpita in tli« 
raonth of June, and preschiog a rsreweU Bermon on ihe Slat of 
the aane manth, I resigned my of&ce into the hands of my site- 
eeaaoT, br. John G. Herman, and llien set out with my dear wife 
and our son Henry Jacob, on ihe 1st or July, for my new field oF 
labor. We left Nazareth with our hearts oTerflowing with ihank- 
fUloeas for the powerful aid, which the Lord had vouchaafed to 
us during our residence at ihat place. Taking our way through 
Morristown and Newark, we arrived in New York on the 3d (of 
July) where, under quite peculiar circumstances, I preached my 
introductory sermon on the 5ih. My situation here was in many 
reapecls quite to my liking; although, in consequence of the state 
of things prevailing in the congregation at that time, I met with 
new and heavy trials, especially in the beginning — and these bj 
testing and humbling my heart, had a salutary effect upon me. 
We at first took up our abode in the old minister's-d welling, 
which our predecessors, br. and sr. Mortimer, had just vacated ; 
but a few weeks after, when the newly erected parsonage wu 
finished, we moved into that : whereupon the old church and min- 
ister'e-d welling, which had been built under my grandfather's 
stewardship, were taken down, and on the l.Sth of August (1829) 
the corner-stone of a new house of worship was laid. The bnild- 
ing was put up so rapidly, that on the 22d of November already 
it eonid be solemnly consecrated lo divine service ; and we now 
had the pleasure here, as formerly in Philadelphia, to see the 
number of such as attended upon the preaching of the gospel in- 
crease. All the affairs of the cougregalion^ too, were, by the 
blessing of the Lord, gradually brought into a better train ; and 
when in the year 1631 a great revival took place in many church- 
es of the city, our meetings were likewise accompanied with an 
uncommon degree of blessing, and a number of souls were awak- 
ened and added to the cliurch. In the autumn of this year it 
pleased my faithful Lord lo lay me upon a bed of sickness aad 
bring me nigh to the grave, by an attack of bilious remittent fevei. 
Bn( as His appointed time for taking me hence was not yet come. 
He, in his great mercy, permitted me to recover again ; yel I had, 
for a length of lime, to suffer from a total derangement of my 
nervous system. By the advice of my physician I made a trip to 
Bethlehem, where I spent a month at the house of our br. and ar. 
Schweinilz, (whose kindness I shall never forget,) until 1 was so 
lar restored as to be able to return to my post. Having mean- 
while received a faithful aesistanl in hr. Charles A. Bleck, I could 
■pare myself, and engage in my former labors gradually. I long 
tell the effects of my late illness both upon mind and body. Dur- 
ing thai season of suffering 1 had repeated occasion to examine, 
and come to a more thorough knowledge of, myself, whereby I 
learned many a painful, bot wholesome troth. Whenever the 



dtaeoTtrj of my many defects wontd make me inclined to qiies- 
liOD the reality of all my earlier experiences, the faithful Shep- 
lierd of my soal woold never auffer His poor nek creature tegin 
up all as lost ; and I had contiuually to. learn how I must have a 
cfaild-like faith and follow my heavenly leader in the dark, eves 
thoujrli there were no feeling of joy in my hearL The Lord con- 
tinued to smile upon our weak endeavors, and permitted us to en- 
joy the love and confidence of our brethren and sisters in such ■ 
degree as boih to humbie, and to encourage, us. After I had com- 
pletely regained my health again, my aaiiatant, br.Bleck, received 
a call as minister to Camden Valley iu the State of New York., 
I had visited in thai neighborhood in the year 183U, 18S1, and 
1832, at the request of the Provincial Helpers' Conference, and 
now the settlers in the Valley desired to have an own minister of 
the Brethren's Church to labor amongst ihera. Thus a commence- 
ment was made with the Camden congregation late in the fall c^ 
the year 1832. In the spring of 1833 the complaint in my throat, 
which had formerly distressed me, came on again, and I was for- 
bidden to preach. For the benefit of my health, therefore, I mado 
a tour with br and sr. Jacob Bininger to Quebec, Montreal and 
Niagara Falls ; from which I returned to New York iovigorat^d. 
both in body and mind, and could thereafter attend to the laborf 
of my calling with scarce an interniption. Besides this extensive 
tonr I made several longer or shorter trips — lo Newport, Boston 
and Providence ; where I went for the last time in 1835, in order 
to solicit contributions in behalf of the Missions of our church, 
and met with the kindliest reception from friends of missions be- 
loiuing to various deuominations^to Hartford and New Haven^ 
lo Camden (in 1834) for ihe purpose of attending the consecratioa 
of the little church which the brethren there had erected — to Phil- 
adelphia, Lancaster and York, to visit my brother and his family 
M the last named place ; and in 1836 I attended the Preparatory 
Provincial Synod held at BetbleherB. as also the 50th Anniversary 
of Nazareth School, which was celebrated on the 3d of Octobof 
of the same year. Twice during our slay in New York did the 
dreadful cholera visit that city, and twice were we in danger from 
deatriicuve conflagrations in the neighborhood of our dwelling ; 
knt the Lord preserved bis poor children from harm. 

[Tku* Ikr our lamented brother'i own aceoant of hia Ufa «it«ads.] 

On Uie I0th of October 1636 he received a call, as successor to 
br.JohnChrislian Becbler, lo become the Congregation -Helper aid 
minister of the congregation at Salem, in North Carolina, and lo 
hold the office of President of Ihe Wachovian Provincial Helpers' 
Coaferanee. AAer taking an affectionate leave of the congr^i* 
lioa in New Tork, he repairad first to Bethlehem, where on tM 




20th ofNoTemberhe waa ordained a bishop orthe Brethren's Church 
by br. Andrew Benade, and then eel oul with hit dear wife on the 
«3d for Salem. They arrived there safely on the 9th of Decem- 
ber, and were joyfuUy received by the inerabera of th si congrega- 
tion. With peculiar feelings did our late brother now take up 
his residence in the same dwelling which his parents had formerly 
occupied for many years, and fill in part the same offices which 
his venerable father had here held before him. Whilst, on the one 
hand, he met with a high degree of love and respect from the mem- 
bers of his pastoral charge at Salem, as also from the bielhrea 
and sialers in the surrounding congregations, over which he exer- 
cised a fatherly conlrol, and which were greatly blessed by his 
frequent visits, and edified by his fervent discourses and holy con- 
versation ; he, on the other hand, was so overwhelmed at times 
by various occurrences in the congregation at Salem, that, to use 
his own words, " it seemed as if the Lord had hid His face" from 
him ; tormented by doubts of every kind, such a gloom overspread 
his mind, that it was surprising to himsdf how he could withal 
continue to perform the duties of his station, and he therefore se- 
riously meditated to resign his office. But in this his hour of dark- 
ness he again experienced the grace of that Savior, who does not 
suifer any one to be tempted above that he is able (1 Cor. 10. 13). 
It was on the evening of Good Friday (April the Uth) of the 
year 1843, as he was engaged in examining the contents of an 
excellent lillle volume, entitled "The Anxious Inquirer after Solva- 
tion" by John Angell James, which had been placed in his hands 
for inspection, that the Holy Spirit suddenly made it clear to his 
mind what it was that he still stood in need of, namely, a simple 
and entire faith in the all-sufficient merits of Jesus. A new light 
broke in upon hia soul, and such a measure of consolation was 
imparted to him as he had not for a length of time enjoyed. The 
death of his only brother to whom he was tenderly attached, and 
who departed at Greenville, in Tennessee, on the 21st «f Decem- 
ber 1845, was a severe stroke, to him and affected him deeply. 

In the year 1847 he presided at the Preparatory Provincial Syn- 
od held at Salem; and in ihe spring of 1848, accompanied by his 
only remaining son, he traveled to Germany, where, as deputy of 
the Wachovian Provincial Helpers' Conference and of the Congre- 
gation and Elders' Conference at Salem, he attended the General 
Synod of the Brethren's Unity convened at Herrnhul. With bis 
accustomed faithfulness and care he executed the commissions 
with which, as deputy, he had been enimsted, and soon won the 
affeclionate regards of all with whom he came into conlacL A 
general wish was entertained that he might suffer himself to be 
regarded as a candidate for a seal in the Unity's Elders' Confer- 
ence. But he could not consent to have his name proposed for 


LAM KitBor or THt bsxtbhk'i cntntcu. ISl 

ench a HlBtion. In ilif mopth of October (1S4S) he retarned again 
to America, thankrul that he and his fellow- voyagers had been 
preserved from harm, though their ship at one time narrowly es- 
caped being; driren on a rock. Having arrived at Salem again in 
safety, he reaumed his former labors ; but he soon became con* 
vinced that the time had come, when, after thirteen years of ser- 
vice in this congregation, he should request the Unity's Elders' 
Conference to relieve him of his offices, that he might vrithdraw 
into retirement for a season and recruit his exhausted energies of 
coal and body. His wish was granledi and he accordingly re- 
paired to Bethlehem, Pa., where he arrived with his wife and 
son on the lasl day of July 1849. His term of rest was dealined, 
however, to be of short duration : for when in the course of a 
month his health appeared to improve, an offer was made to him 
to enter ihe service again as one of the minister" of Uie Bethlehem 
Congregation. Il cost him a hard struggie, before he could make 
up his mind to accept of this difficult nnd responsible post. Wil- 
ling as he was to devote himself to Ihe service of hia Lord, yet 
his humbleness of mind and his low estimation of himself ditT not 
allow him to consider himself capable of fulfilling the duties 
which ihia ofltce would require of him. But he finally submitted 
to the force of circumstances, — in which he saw, as he believed, a 
sufficient indication of the Lord's will; and on the Ist of Septem- 
ber accepted of the appointment, relying solely on the aid of Him 
who had already helped him in ao many trying cases. Nor was 
he put to shame. During the three years and more of his miois- 
Iraiion in Bethlehem he was enabled, though often suffering in 
body and dejected in mind, to fultil the duties of his calling with 
scrupulous punctuality ; whilst by the singular purity of his life, 
which commanded respect; the engaging loveliness of hia manners 
which won admiration; the pacifying gentleness of his zeal, which 
disarmed contradiction, and the unfeigned humility of his charae: 
ter, which left no room for envy; he gained thelove and confideoco 
of all. Thus he lived and labored in faithfulness and blessing up 
to the day that he was taken from us. 

Without any perceptible change for the worse in Ihe general 
condition of his health, and apparently in the enjoyment of great- 
.er cheerfulness of mind than usual, he had slill for some months 
of late been suffering from frequent, bul transient spells of a vio- 
lent, cramp-lihe pain in the breasi, which sppeared momentarily 
to impede the functions of the heart, and betokened a morbid af- 
fection of that organ of life, Yet he was not thereby materially 
preventod from attending to hia duties, both in public and in pri- 
vate. He however, had a strong foreboding that the complaint 
with which he was afflicted, whatever it might be, would eventu- 
ally prove the occasion of his speedy disaolution, and that ere long. 
He had Mifep council vith bia i«oid about it all, and stood ready. 



with bis loins gfft, tofoUovIhe first id mmona ihet should oill Mai 
hornet sure of a gtrseioDS reeeptioH. At one time be said u> his 
wife : " This pain which 1 ha*e,' is a loud kDoCk si the door of 
my heart, esliiiig me to eonsider the questioo — Art Ihou reftdy to 
five va accoaat of thy stewardship T" — At sDOlher tiaie, w^kiii^ 
to and fro in his sludyi he pressed his hand se a raesUy together. Mid 
eiclaimed with alookof joy; " Oh, how -blessed will it be tobwre 
dooe with sioi and be past temptation ; iBd- more than all, to be 
foroTer^^brtTer with the Lord." 

It had often been his desire, and no doubl his prayer loo, <thst 
it might please the Lord to spare him from dying with a lingerii^ 
and tMinfui disease ; snd this wish was most happily ^nted. He 
ftppeared in the pulpit for the last time on Sunday, the 16th of 
Janaary 1863, and lakiag bis text from Matthew 3. 13—^17,^- 
coursed with much freedom and aaimatioa on the DapliBm of Je- 
elisald His Consecration as the Christ of God ; witli ihatafiee- 
tionate earneslttesB, and impressive seriousneas of manner and 
*oioe, so peculiarly his own, he exhorted his hearers to make a 
eodtplele ssrrender of their hearts to' the Lord, and live as faithfiil 
followers of JeSUs. The following day he eamplained of baviag 
taken scold, tot did notfeelsuffioiently indisposed to rsfi^in from 
his wonted activity. On Taesday his bead was mueh affected, 
and by the advice of his physician, he confined himself to the 
house ; in the course of the afternoon his son from Nazareth came 
in to pay him a short visit, and he then spent several cbeerfal 
hoars amidst the family circle. In the evening he employed him- 
self as twual at his writing-desk, and when the day's work was 
done, he retired to rest At shout half past three o'clock of the 
next morning (Wednesday, the IBth,) he had an unusnally violent 
attack of his chronic complaint ; but after taking the medioins 
wfateh was offered bim for the alleviation of his pain, he laid him- 
self down again to repose. His wife, who had been gone from 
his side but a few minutes into the adjoining room, was suddenly 
starded by bis loud and painful respiration. She called to him ; 
but he gave her no answer. On hastming to him with a light, 
sad lookitig into his countenance, she saw that death was fast ap- 
proaching. In a few moments he breathed his last, and his hap- 
py soul, without an epparent struggle forsook its earthly lenemeet. 
and softly dropped into the arms of its beloved Redeemer. The 
term of his pilgrimage was 63 yews, % months, and 6 days. 

The funeral of our departed brother took place at Bethlehem 
on the Sunday following his decease, and although the weather 
was very dis^eeable, (it snowed and rained by turns,) still the 
church Was conpactly filled with a sorrowful and sympathiBing 
mnltilude, who took a solemn interest in the well-erranged servi- 
ew of -this AoimiQl'OeeaSioii,«])d liilcned -with eabduedud sMi- 


QWalcptMn to''A»>fediiw-«ddnB»iirf.bT/Cbulea'F. 8*iddi who. 
preaebediDGeMtuuioa-laeiwiinb: "Po*' dm to lire it Ohriau 
and lo'die ii gaint" Phil. U 31., uid (he fatihfiil tribuu vbich br. 
John C JamtNUD paid in Enrtish M the meiiiory of oar saiimd. 
brother^ Id conctuaiont br. OhaHM F. Weldea, minialer of the 
LnlhefanChurah-iD'thtB plaee, ofiered up an eaniest prayei thai 
the bereaTsd raeurners. might be confoTled, iheelrieken oharebbe 
hoaled, aod all heaitsbe moTed to attend to the waiaing Toioe of 
thvLordi The lemaint. of our beloved brother were then cod- 
veyed to their last resting-place in the Moravian burying. ground ; 
wherftf not' far from the alttmbering aahes of hie venerated parents, 
and BDironnded by the sacred dual of many an other preciuue 
child of God, they aw«t, in hope of a blessed resumctioD, the 
gloriotis appearing of our Lord Jasns GhrisL 


The subject of the foregoing Memoirs, br. William Henry Van 
Vleck, hnring for a period of 40 years held a prominent place in. 
the eyes and hearts of bis chriatian brethren in the American 
branch of the Brethren's Unity ; we feel it doe to the Lord who 
gsve bin to aa, as aiao to ourselves from whom he has again been 
taken, that we show our appreciation of the gift, and our sorrow 
for the loss, of so worthy a man ; by devoting a page of lliia 
journal of the Araerioan churches to something more than a pasa- 
isq^ notice of his death. 

It would as little acoord with the character of the deceased 
whose memory we revere, or the spirit of the Church whose 
prtncipleB we avow, as it wonld be now in time, or here iii place, 
to write his panegyric: forhis praise is Greatly throughoulall the 
churches, and there is another testimony on record — " Blessed 
are theilead which die in the Lord from henceforth : Yea, saith the 
Spirit, that ihey may rest from their labors ; and their works do 
follow them''— Rev. U. 13. 

We therefore simply desire to gratify, our readers and ourselves, 
by preeenting, with a few fesbte strokes of llie pen, an oalline of 
those impressions of our sainted brother wliich are still fresh in 
our minds ; and now that the original has passed from our sight, 
we would preserve his likeness for future remeRibrance,accQrdLiig 
to tlie divine injunction : " Remember tliera which have the rule 
over you, who have spoken unto you the word of God : whose 
fsith follow, considering the end of iheirconversation"-Heb.l3.7. 

As a •upplemeiii to his own narrative of himself, we hold it 
needful, too, ihai we should represent him in that fioished shape 



in which hd appeared i& others' eye» — the raveree, in pirt, of 
vfiit he was in his owd — and tbua complete the Memoirs which 
he BO fahhfolly be^o.— In the personal appearaDce of our lale, 
dear brother, ihere was no peculiar ^ft of Mature lo command at- 
tention, or prepossess one in bis favor ;- but bo much th; more 
did tbe snperior charms of Graee displaj) Uieir power, by lighting' 
up bis solemn brow and benignant features with a smiling radiance,' 
and imparling a gentle ease and a quiet digiMty lo all his more- 
ments, thst made his bodily presence agreeable and left a delight- 
ful impression of his person upon the mind. 

In the oomposiEion of his being, the sterner quuliiies of the' 
manly character appeared to combine with the more delicate' 
traits of the female liisposition. He was one of those rare W' 
siancea in which the two natures seem to- be hermoniously blend- 
ed without destroying the individuality of either. Be nmted the 
vigorous concepiioD. careful diseriminaiion and dispassionate 
judgment of the stronger, with the intuitive apprehension, senai- 
tive feeling and tender sympathy of the weaker, sex. Diffident 
in unilertHkinf, yel bold in execution — timid in design, yet firm in 
resolve-~pTudence attended, and success rewarded, his labors. 

Given to prayer, he always exhibited a sanctified mien, and 
could perform ^e most trifling acts with an unction of spirit that 
revealed a soul in constant commnnioD with Ood. 

To the virtue of the Christian he added the conrteey of the 
gendeman, and cultivated both characters without doing violence 
tn the proprieties of either. 

At home in the pulpit, he delivered himself with freedom and 
grace ; displaying great logical skill in the arrangement of hia 
discourses, pure classical taste in the choice of his figures and 
compartsoos,' and a truly refined spirit in the ehasteness of hia 
language and Ihe|be3uty of bis style. More fervent than anima- 
ted, and more persuasive than powerful. — he faithfully declared 
" the whole counsel of God ;" and sent the polished shafts of 
eonviction into the hearts of his hearers, ere their gratified mind» 
had suspected the danger. 

A' deacon — a presbyter — a bishop— not perfect in a single order, 
yet holy in all ; ' weeping over his deficiencies, he still aimed at 
perfection. Eacheslep in honor was, to him, a step in humility ;, 
and he never was above the lowest of bis brethren, Bvery sitn- 
atinn in vhich he was placed found him diligeol in business, faith- 
fully endeavoring to " redeem the lime," single-eyed to the servic* 
of his Lord,. and : zealously seeking to promote the cause of Chrial 
both at home and abroad. 

Bom a Moravian, and religiously trained in the strict 
observance nf a beautiful syatem of time-honored but time- 
worn customs — he had, nevertheless, through the power of the- 
newbirth.learaedtavaUulhespiritniore than ibe forms; aUaehed 


U meient nMgM, and a fnand of raodom BDMawnti/— wiA on 
\uad OB the old tfaingt aod ooe e> tho new, — he Mood, a wateta- 
■an agd a prieat, between the Past and the Pntore of the Brelb- 
ren'i Gfaarefa— showing oa, who remain, wbatmuncT of penona 
«e ought to be. 

Hi* Death wu ai inatruetiTS >« hia Life. Beth exhort us to 
"watch and prajrl" 


To xBi Editdb or tb> Cavaca Mi>cBu.i)rt. 
Db«x BKoniH : 

Some tiraa ago I spent an afternoon at Ibe houae of a Lntheran 
slergymaiL, a particular friend of mine. Whilst enjoying a famil- 
iar ohat on ibeolqgical lepiea. the Aoor opentd, and in OBtne • 
apmce joung gsolienun from the Tbeott^cai Seminar)' at Oei- 
lyaburg, carrying in hia hand a sroall cu!pet>blg well aluffad with 
books. AnxioM lo see what work* h». tiad selected for the en- 
lightenment of out community, I awaited (he bag's unlocking— 
whan lo ! there appeared within, neatling in friendly conimutiiDn, 
some half a score of duodecimos, bearing the title, ■■ The Ameri- 
can Lutheran Cbmcb, hiatorically, doctrinally and praciioally de- 
lineated, in several occasional discouraet, by S.8. Sch mucker, D.D" 
My frimd, who had alretdy examined the work, advimd nieto per- 
o«e the oineieenlh page. As I am, at all times, ready to receive in* 
Btraction or edification, as the case may be,Itookup one of the *>ol* 
nmes and began to read. TheinoUuction wfaiohlgotwae* 
edification peculiar in it« kind; inaamuch as I quickly found the fol- 
lowing senteoce and foot-note: "Having reached hia place of deMi* 
nation, (the learned Doctor is speaking of fieT.H.HublenlMrg's a^ 
maiAiPkii^delphiti) axdaurmaurUed the oppotilum of Count Zin- 
ztndorf, who under the Mtumed twrne of Tliwnutem hodpatatd 
kioueff'q^at a TAttheran mini»ter andintptelor.tttvtm cordial- 
ly received, etc." And the note; "The writer hal in his library • 
volume of aermohi, published in Budingen (ahould be Buedingen) 
1746, evidently by CountZinlcndorr, in which the writer (whieh 
writerI)on the tilJe poge is represented lo have been Lutheran Inapae- 
torand Pastor in Philadelphia in 174S." This by way of introdn^ 
lion. Now, although 1 should be sorry lo see the Church Miscell- 
any prostituted to such rabid polemical uses as those lo which qer- 
tain other religioua newspapers and jouraalsof Panneylvania, New 


.YwkiDd HirylandBn pnU HiUmclaiiM,1iketh>t^ioTeouf^tm>tt0 
be puwd bj in silence. The mtnory of the great and just man. 
whom Doctor Sehnnoker baa attatiked. ivqnirea at leasV a fiew 
wordi of expIanalioQ and of Inith. We owe it, moreover, to 
ourttlvet, ae a church, not meekly lo fold oar hands, aad deferen- 
Fially to keep our peace, when writers of other denominatioDS 
think proper to falsify history at our expense. 

. Doctor Schmocker makes two very grave charges against Zin- 
zendorf ; the first, that he assumed a false name ; the second, thai 
he patted hinuelf off as a Lutheran minister and inspector, in 
other words, pretended to be what he wss not, in still other words, 
committed a deHberale act of deception ! I have Inmed and 
twisted the Doctor's sentence into every possible shape, in order 
to find ft more charitable constrnetioQ, but I have tnmed and 
twisted in vain. However, I have also, with some attention, ex- 
amined the engraving of the learned Professor, which adoma his 
work; judging according to the few rules of physiognomy which 
I recollect, I would take him lo be an " honest man," and I will. 
iberefore, be charitable enough to suppose tiiathehaserred throngh 
igowance and not with will. If auch is tiie case, then no one 
ought to be more tiiankfol for historical facts in reference to the 
point in hand, than Doctor Schmueker himself, aspiring as he does 
to the dignity of a historian. These fscis will, of course, not be 
new to those readers of the Hisceilany, who have at all studied 
the eariy history of our Church in this ronntry. 

The first charge against Zfnzendoif can be refnted in a very 
few words. 

When this truly faithful servant of Christ arrived in America, 
in the year 1741, he earnestly desired to devote himself enlirrtif 
to the service of his Master. Knowing thst, as Count Zinzeif 
dorf, he would be subjected lo many inconveniences of form and 
etiquette, believing that his rank would thus hinder him in his la- 
tars for the kingdom of God, and* wiahing to spare the fur and 
noble name of his family that rosliciouB abuse which had been, 
and as he well knew, would still be heaped upon him, be publicly 
sod solemnly resigned the title which he held. There was, there- 
fore, nothing secret and nothing false about the transaction ; he 
did not appear under another name, in order to conceal from the 
peofJe who be really was. Far from it ; the resignation took 
place, in broad daylight, at Philadelphia, in the house of Govern- 
or Thomss, on the ISlh of May 1743, Zinzendorf delivering a 
latin oration in the presence of W. Allen, James Hamilton, Benj. 
Franklin, Rev. Eneas Ross, Chs. Broekden and msny other dis- 
lingaished men, in which he set forth the reasons that induced 

_ ■ 8puig«Qb«ic'i LWwn dca Gt Zinieadwfc ToL 6, p. liM. 



him to take Ihia step.* The name by which he now desired to 
be called was Mr. voa Thiierneiein (not Tliurnitein) ; and even 
this was not an assamed name, as Doctor Schmucker inronns his 
readers, but belonged nrrightunto Zinzendorf. Doctor Schmucker 
is probably aware of llie ^cl, that even at the present day, many 
noble houses of Germany, beside the original lamily title, hold 
the names of their diflerent estates as their own names ; and 
theae names derived from estates are legally acknowle^ed. Now 
it so huppened that Zinzendorf had a multiplicity of such appella- 
^ons, as Doctor Schmucker can read in the Preface to Spangen.- 
berg's Leben dea Gl. Zinzendarf, or in the Preface to Jackson's 
abridged translation, where tliey are all given at length. One of 
these names was " Herr von Thuernstein." Thuernslein was, 
therefore, as much Zinzendorfs name, as Schmucker is the Gei- 
lysbuig Doctor's I 

The seeond charge against Zinzendorf is this, that he passed 
himself off, as a Lutheran minister and inspector, during his visil 
to America, 

ZiDzendorfs course of conduct, as regards the Lntherans of 
PooasylTania, has proved a profoond mystery not only to Doctor 
Schmucker, but also to many of bis brethren ; although the Get- 
tysbu^ Professor is the only Lutheran of modern times, who, to 
ihy knowledge, has ventured so uncharitably to call in question 
the honeaty of Zinzendorfs character, k full investigation of 
Schmucker's second charge would trespass too mnch apon the 
pages of the Miscellany ; I must, therefore, try to be as concise 
as possible. 

The refiitalion is easy enoush. Any one, of a candid mind, 
who takes the trouble to examme that portion of Zinzendorfs bi- 
ography, which ia com^lrised within the years 1741—1746 most, 
at onee, acknowledge thai the following points can most confident- 
ly be established. Anthoriliea are ; Spangenberg's Leben Zinzen* 
w>rf, Jackson's abridged tranalalion, Verbeek's Leben Zinzendorf. 
Die Buedingische Sammlung, and many original manuscripts pre- 
served in the archives at Bethlehem. 

1. Zinxtndotf did not eomt to America in order to tilabliih 
Moravian congregationi. 

On the contrary, it was his intention to labor amongst the many 
sects scattered throughout the land. A glorious but premature 
ideal filled his soul. He thought it possible, by the aid of the 
Holy Ghost, to make America, and especially PenoeylvaniB, the 
■eat of a ** congregation of God in the Spirit ;" (hat is, a congre- 
gation freed from all denominational forms, and bniltupof all 

■jlvaaik, and Raeorder of Deadi lor the dlj and cxnintj of Philadelpl^ 
riiated in th« B«ediog)wbs' Sam^wic Vol. 8., p>f« S90. 


Inie and living itimplM of JamiB, no mMer bow thej w«n eiUed, 
Bor wtawtce they csme. Hence, at the synod of Mmnenbom, in 
the yeu 1741, Kinzendorf provisionally reBigned his epiMO^ 
office. SpangBDfaerg in his biography of Zinzendorf (Vol. 6, cap. 
3, § 20,} thus explains this reaigoation ; *' Ii was the object of the 
Oount to declare, in subatanae, this : I cannot fTom this time on< 
ward, 90 bind myself to the Moravian Ghnrch, that I only make 
those things my business, which I have to do as a Moravian Bish- 
op ; my calling goes iarthw ; and this cdling I certainly believe 
to have received from my Lord and not from man." And Zin- 
zeadorf himself, in one of the tUscoorses which he held at 
Herrndyk in UoUand, previous to his departure for America, thas 
speaki of his intended Journey :* ■■ I have been hereanto ordain- 
ed fay God the Lord, to preach llie word ooncerwag Jesns blood 
and death, not with arlificial nicety, but with ihe power of God. 
nnmiedikl of what may thereby befall me. This was my calling 
before 1 knew suylhing of the Moravian Brethren. I am, indeed, 
and 1 remain, in connection with them, for they have received ovr 
gospel of JeeuB Christ into their hearts, and have appointed me 
and otlier brethren to the aerviee of their congregation ; neotrtht- 
Ut», I do net, on that aeeowU,*eptirate my*e^from tlie Luther- 
on Churek. A wiinesi of Jesus can live and stand in (Att relig* 
ion. Tm I cannot bind myself, with my testimony, to one religton, 
the whole earth is the Lord's and all souls are hia, and all have 
demands upon me. No doubt opposition will be wanting as liufe 
BOW, as heretofore, but the wtml concerning 'Christ Jeens and 
Him crucified is the power of God and divine Wisdom, and whav 
soever opposes (his word aball be put to shame." With these 
ideas, thereforej with the earnest, holy puipoee to wm'k far (be 
Lerd, for the Lord only, and not for the Moravian Church, did 
Zinsendorf land in America. 

%, 7%e GeiTnona m Peiam/lvania, al the time of Ziraendorf^t 
arriwU, (November 1741) mere in amort vmserttbie, ijtirihial 

Spangenberg, who lived in Pennsylvania for ansmber of years, 
tells us, that of the one hundred thousand GeTmajia then residing 
in the province, many Ihonsanda cared nothing at all about the re- 
ligion of Christ. Indeed it became, at that time, a proverb to say 
(H a man, who never troubled himself about God or God's word, 
" he is of the Pennsylvania religion." Many of theee Germans 
were nominally Lutherans or Reformed, but they had forgotten 
the instructions reoeived in their youth, they were deprived of the 
means of graoe, numbers of them scarcely ever heard the preach- 
ing of the word, whilst their children were growing up in igno- 
rance'almost as gross as that of the heathen Indians around inem. 

* SpanfHibers'i Iieben Zimcndert Vol. fi, p. IMS. 



Some of the Lutherins had written lo Germany, asking for min- 
isters, but for maaj years none arrived, and they were informed that 
no preacher could be sent until they had, firat of all, fixed his sal- 
ary.* Sinite the year 1730 the Lutherans and Reformed bad 
jointly rented a barn at Philadelphia, for poblic worship. The 
Reformed had as iheir preacher a certain Btehm, formerly t 
schoolmaster ; but the Lutherans had, as yet,t no regalarly ap- 
pointed and ordained minister. Such was the religiuus state of 
affairs in Pennsylvania, when Zinzendorf arrived. 

3, The Lulherana of Philadelphia and of the vicinity gave 
Zinzendorf a regular and unanimous call lo be their minitler. 
The Lutherans of Philadelphia had frequent opportunities of 
hearing Zinzendorfs discourses, which he delivered in his own 
private house. They found his doctrines in accordance with 
Luther's catechism, and inviied him, of their own free will, lo 
preach in their barn. Before he accepted this invitation, he wrote 
to Btehm, asking him whether he had any objections. Bcehm 
answered in a letter addressed lo no one in particular. In this 
letter he plainly showed his animosity, but, at the same time, con- 
fessed that the Reformed had no right to hinder Zinzendorf from 
preaching in the barn, if the Lutherans wished it. This was in 
the month of January 1742. The Count did preach, and contin- 
ued to do so. In February the Lutherans earnestly besought him 
lo administer the Lord's supper to them. He demurred, at first, 
but after a moat visible outpouring of the Holy Ghost upon the 
congregation, during the services of Palm Sunday, he, at list, con- 
semed. On Kasier Monday the commuaiou was celebrated and 
abundant blessings were showered down upon all who approach- 
ed the table of the Lord.j: In the month of April, (I translaU 
from the Buedingische Sanimlung, page S81) " the entire German 
Lutheran denomination in and near Philadelphia, both the good 
and the bad, unanimously called the Count lo be their minister." 
Zinzendorf now, first of all. held a meeting of the Lutherans, 
and proposed a series af questions lo Ihem, which were answered 
in writing. To three of these questions and answers, I would es- 
pecially call the attention of DoctoF Schmucker. ' He will find 
them in part in the Buedingische Sammlung page 827, and, in full, 
in the original manuscript preserved in the archives st Bethlehem. 
One question : " Are you all of one mind?" Answer: " Yes 1" 
Another questionc "Have you no other minister!" Answer: 
" No 1" A third question : "In what connexion do you stand 

* Vide Spangenberg's Leben ZtuMtidorf. Vol. S, page 1380. — And ui 
orisinal msnuscnpt In the Betfalehetn sreblTes. 

f 8m Reicbel'i article in SchafTi Kirchen&eand, March iS4B, page **■ 

t Spangenberg's Leben ZUmaiait Tol 6, pp. 139S ; uid Bnadiiigisclw 
" ■— T.pp- BSOandMt. 


with others in thii cotiRtry T" Aniver ; " We are in vo cotttnt- 
lion whatever wilh any other coi^regations !" " Hereupon," I 
translate word for ward froai the account given. Bnedingiache 
Sammlung, page 581, " liereupon he yet gave them aeveral weeks 
time Tor reflection, and as th«y nnanimiter insUted upon it, be, at 
last, on Sunday Misericord iaa Domini accepted the vocatton, 
granted them several weeks time for revision, and then had war* 
dens anew elected, in open church, neraine contradicente !" — Thii 
Vocation itself, verbatim et literatim, may be read by Doctor 
Scfimucker, Buedingisehe Sammlung page 83S. In thta vocatiou 
it ia expressly stated, that they, the Lutherans, were well aware 
that Zinzendorf could not always remain with them, and ihat they 
would, llierefore, extend the same vocation to the Rev, C. Pyr- 
laeua, who had studied theology at Leipzig, whenever Zinzendorf 
would be obliged to leave Philadelphia. 

Besides thus caring for the Philadelphia congregation, Zinzen* 
dorf also provided the Lutheran congre^tion at Tolpehokin with 
a minister, and this at their particular request. Further, he sent 
several preachers to proclaim the word to those Lutherans, who 
were scattered throughout the province ; and, at a later period, 
supplied other Lutheran churches with teachers and ministers, 
cared for the instruction of the children of ihis denomination, and 
was ever ready to give advice and assietance, when it waf> asked. 
Then he became, in the fnlleai sense, the Lutheran Inipector in 

In view of alt' these hiaiorical facts. I ask Doctor Schmucker, 
whe^er be has not done gross injustice to Zinzendorf? — Did Zin- 
zendorf pass himself off as a Lutheran minister and inspector, or 
was he really and actually such? — If the printed histories and 
original maiiuBcripts 10 which [ have alluded are not allogether 
false and worthless, (and I suppose even Doctor Schmucker witi 
not extend his cha^e of dishonesty to Spaiigenberg, to Gammer- 
hofT, to Pyrlaeus, to Boehler and to all Moravian Brethren of that 
day) then this fact is most ineoniroverlibly established, that Count 
Zinzendorf was Ihe first regularly called and ordained minister of 
the Lutheran congregation at'Philadelphia '. — Here is a recapitu- 
lation of the matter : 

Zinzendorf, according to his own repeated declarations, never 
left the communion of the Lutheran .Church, he was an orthodox 
Lutheran preacher, according to the unanimous testimony of the 
Theolt^ical faculty at Tuebingen, and of the theologians st Stral- 
sund and Wittenberg; he had, previous 10 his leaving Europe, re- 
figned his Moravian episcopal office ; he came to Pennsylvania 
to care especially for his wandering, forBaken Lutheran brethren ; 

■ SpangcnlM^'B Lebrn 3^ vol. S, piga i>H, aikd J>ck«>n'i TraiMlitioii 
page 398. 


be<E(Q*d Ibeiii, in^rakh.uBbwp wuhoW a.thiipheFd; he iidnM 
ttier IhmmU' as their pMaobsr, but ibey, Grai, «BnieMly beoought 
taa to minieier vnto. their apiritusl wMtu; he did not e«gerlf 
■eize upoa the v*eaU(H) which they gave biai, but calmly knd 
boDorably Msufed hiniBeir of their unaHtffiity ; he w»e called by 
iii/ tbe LvtbeTan*. id a legular »nd fonml way, no ooe gainsayitig ; 
his Mrvioei wore We»eed unto tie souls of his bearera «Nd reoei»- 
■ed with jay ; be labored inceseaatly to Mlvanee tJ>e welfare of 
.tb€ deoMoiitalioii ihresgbout PentwylvMiia, and w^ib looked to for 
aMietaaceaid advice by msny^f his fellow-LulheraBa. 

1 have Mod what I wiahed to lay. I leave lo Dooior Schmsek' 
«f -a eenae of Cbrietian booor and of Chrietian charity the ac- 
knowMgwieat sf 4lie InjuaUee he hai'done Coupt Ziazradoif. ' 

I remain youra iic, 


■of the United Brethren'! Borne MUiion Soc. in Camden Valley. 

In pieeentiag this short Repi^t to the Sooiety, the officers feel 
mneh eocour^ed, because they have witnessed during the past 
year an iDcreased interest in tbe proaperity^f our Home Mission 
Work. The iuleresting intelligence from the several Home Mis- 
sionaries, so faithfully depicting the scenes of their labors, and 
also the sermons preached in behalf of this cauae, which have 
lapposred in the Church Miscellany, — have been more or less fully 
eommunicatsd from the pulpit on various oocasions ; and public 
attention been thus morargeBerally directed to this department of 
the Mission of our Church. The contributions have also some- 
what increaaed ; and since the organization of our Society, (Oct. 
28lh, 1840) we have collected about forty doHars, which have 
been duly paid over to the Treasurer of Ae Parent Society- at 
Bethlehem, Pa., and the receipts retularly aeknowledged. Thie 
ia a imall aum, compared with what aome other Auxiliary Socie- 
ties have contributed during the same p«riod,lothe Home' Mission 
Cause, and their example should therefore encourage and emulate 
' tu, to do what we oon. " for they that sow hountifutly shall also 
reap bountifully." This holds good in grace as well as in nature, 
wherefore we should, as diligent Mewards, sow our seed in the 
morniagiand not withhold ourhandal eventide, for ifwe faint 
not, we shslt in due seaaon reap a nch and an abundant harvest. 
' Let every contributor to our Home Miasion Treasury, put this 
.tguestiva to hiaudf: iBave Idoatiahat I c»uld for .thi» Ctuue? 


132 Hon Kiu 

And if the least ahsde of doubt uiM* in the mind ; — if wt know 
and fi>el ihat we might and ahonid have given more liberally, let 
Da in future be found more cheerful and ready to lend ^us n&to 
the Lord ; and we shall Terily not fail to receive onr own, and 
more ihsn oar own, at His hands, "With what meai are ye mete, 
it shall be measured tn yon again, (Mattb. 7. 3.) ;" wherefore, 
"give, and it shall be given to you, good measure, pressed down, 
and shaken together and rnnning over, shall men give into your 
bosom. (Luke 6. 98.}" And say not it is vain to serve the Lord, 
and to offer Him yoar first fruits, and to bring tithes into Hia 
atorehonse; but-prove Hira according to His own word, and aee, 
if He will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour yoa 
out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it. 
As the members of this Society pertonaUy valne the religious ad- 
vantages which they possess, so let them think and pray more 
fervently for those fellow christians, who are less highly &vored; 
and also for the multitudes who live without any Gospel privileg- 
es — who are bent on doing evit, and who thns expose themselves 
to a fearful condemnation ! Let every parent among us, be a 
faithful Home Missionary within his own family circle. Let all 
our youth gladly receive the religious instructions freely offered 
them ; and let every individual seek to be properly impressed 
with his own responsibility to God ; and we all, taking delight in 
the Lord and in His ways, and dwelling together in peace aa 
His followers, and being members of the United Brethren's 
Church, exercise mov of that self-denial and christian activity, 
which distinguished our forefathers in carrying forward their Mis- 
sionary operations in heathen and in christian lands. And as 
the Home Missionary operations of our Brethren one hundred 
years ago, in this our own country, are well suited lo instruct and 
encourage in this respect, we shall,- in the service that will fol- 
low the reading of this Report, call, amongst the rest, particular at- 
tention thereto, and hope that the remembrance of what our 
Church has done for the spread of the Gospel, and what she is 
still permitted to do in her unpretending way, will nerve our and 
every coming generation tn more zeal for the converaion of souls, 
the promotion of'godliness and the spread of the kingdom of 
Christ upon earth. Our Brethren's Unity is small in numbers 
comparbd externally with other branches of the Christian church. 
Our congregation here in Camden Valley is also small. But if 
we only belong to " the little ones" in whom the Lord delights, 
should we not Brethren, be as a light shining in a dark place T 

Let us Aerefore display a Chrisl>like spirit in all our life, and 
follow the example of the Savior, and not close onr ears and 
hearts to the calls for help which may be made to us, but be found 
ready to do good and to conmnnicate at all times, and to engago 



in anry good work %nd labor of love for Zion's sake, that ihe 
may prosper, and soon embrace within her arms of love, all na- 
tions, and kindred, and people of the earth. 

Edwabs H. BiioBn^ 
Gamdea Valley, i St-ereUry. 

March Sth, 1863. $ 

It would give vs (and no doubt our readers^ muc;h pleuEure to 
receire similar reports from all of our Auxiliary Home Mission 
Societies, and we therefore embrace this favorable opportunity to 
request our fellow -la borers every whefe to send us an account of 
their dmngs, for the mutual encouragement of os all in our hum- 
ble efforts to promote the Savior'a cause throughout our land. 
May the Lord, in His mercy, continue to bless the Camden Talley 
auxiliary, and give unto our brethren of that society richly to enjoy 
the fmils of their liberality, by causiag them to abound in every 
good thing! And may that same Spirit which caused the disci- 
ples of old to be " of one heart, and of one Boul," distributing 
" unto every man according as he had need" (Acts 4. 32 — 15), 
manifest His power still more and more within tbe hearts of alt 
our brethren who have hitherto assisted us in supplying the desti- 
tute and famishing souls of our fetlow-siuners, both near and afar 
oS, with the needful means of grace ! 

The Fourth anniversary of our Moravian Home Mission Soci- 
ety is near at hand ; and we hope that such of our distant auxili- 
aries as cannot then be present in person, will be present in wri* 
ling — thereby refreshing the spirits, and stteoglheniig the hands, 
of dieir brethren in the work of the Lord. Wo will hope (m 
" letters weighty and poweriiil" (2 Cor. 10. 10), "good reports 
making the bones fat" (Prov. 16. 90.), and a " word in season" 
(Is. 90. 4.) to encourage us all. 

Brethren, shall we hope in vain i—£d. AKie. 


or tome tjf the wa^t in which u^hneta andpnit iff ear. 

1. In setting a high value on our kindnesses or labors for tbe 
good of others: impatience or mortification at ingratitude or want 
of success. Rom. xii. 3. 8. Gal. vi. 6. 9. 

Z. In being tenacious of our own property, and ready l» resent 
cDcroachments upon it. 1 Cor. vi. 6, 7. Matib t. 40. 



3. In Strictly assuming the dignity, rights, or privilege that wo 
think our due, and being mortified with disrespect or neglect. 
Esther iii. 5, 6. I Cor. xiii. 4, 9. 

4. In the risings of anger or revenge at any conlenapt nr ill- 
nssge. Lulce ix, 64. Rom. xii. 19. Eeclee. vii. 0. 

6. laipatieacB at contradiction, and irritation if our self-will be 
thwarted. Esther i. 13. 1 Cor. xiii. fi. 7. 

6. A reluctance lo give up our own will to obey the will of 
another ; so strong ia that feeling in some characters, that a desire 
expressed to lead ihem, is sufficient to excite resistance- Jer. 
xliv. 15—17. Eph. 5. 21. 1 Pet. v. 5. 

7. A dislike to be dietatad to, or found fault with. Prov. xii. 1. 
XT. 10. 

6. A high esteem of our own opinion, an unwillingness to yield 
it to another, and a desire to rule and have everything our own 
way. Prov. iii. 7. xii. 15. Rom. xii. 3. 10. Phil. ii. 3. 

9. Vexation at being blamed when we deserve it, offence at 
being suspected if we do not, and a spirit of self justification and 
retort. Prov. xvi. 2. xxx. 12. Heb. xii. 3. 1 Pet. ii. 20. 

10. A reluctance to condemn ourselves, or confess ourselvee ia 
the wrong even in trifles ; and a tenacious adherence to what we 
have once advanced in argument. Job xii. 1 — 3. Prov. xiv. 10. 
James v. 16. 

11. Prejudice against those wbo dislike us, or have told us of 
onr faults, crossed our self-will, or interfered with our interest, 
pleasure, or comfort. 2 Chron. xvi. 7 — 10. Prov. xv. 12. 31, 
3a. Mark vi. 17—19. 

12. A desire for the praise of men, for honors, or distinctions. 
Matth. xxiii. 5—12. John v. 44. xii. 42, 43. 

13. Prefening the favor of the great on account of tbeir rank, 
fortune, or influence. Pr*v. xix. 6. James ii. 2 — 4. Rom. 
xii. 16. 

14. Showing kindness to others from motives of self-interest or 
self.grafifica^on. Acts xxiv. 20. Luke v\ 33 — 36. xiv. 12. 14. 
1 Cor X. 33. 

16. Accepting and pleasing ourselves with praises that we are 
■ot wholly worthy of. Matth. vi. IS. 

16. Jealousy of the lore or preference shown to others. Gen. 
iv. 4, ». xxxvii. 3, 4. Gal. v. 26. Phil. ii. 8. 

17. Indulging the pride of appearance in dress, house, furniture, 
table, equipage, or any outward thing. Luke xvi. 19. Matth. vi. 
25. 1 John ii. 15, 16. 

18. A feeling of self-importance, and using tiie gifts of nature 
or proridence to feed our vanity or pride. Acts xii. 21—23. 
Rom. xii. 8, Gal. vi. 3. 

J9. The undue indulgence of any of out five senses merely 




fer onr gralificaiion. Pror. xxiii. t. 31, 8«. 1 Pel. it. 3. 1 Oor. 
ix. 23. 27. Phil. i». 5. 

20. Feeling a cold iflterest in the cmicerna of others, littening 
to ihera merely from civility, and being ready to talk much of our 
own. Phil. ii. 4. 

21. Relating with an inward complacency itie faalie or injndi- 
ciousness we have discovered in another, connected with onr own 
better judgment or conduct in the same particulars, of the good 
effector our own advice. Ps. xv. 3. Gal. vi. 1. Jamesiv.ll. 

22. Making representations to others that have a tendency to 
display any advantages we possess in riches, connections, reputa- 
tion, etc., or any good aciions we have performed. 2 Kinfs xi. 
13—17. Prov. xxvii. 2. Jer. ix. 23. Malth. vi. 3. 

23. Imposing any Utile trouble or difficulty on a companion, in- 
stead of willingly taking it upon ourselves. Luke vi. 31. Gal. 
vi. a. 

24. Considering our own ease or pleasure in our domestic hab- 
its or arrangements, rather than making any sacrifice to those wo 
live with. Gen. xiii. 8, 9. Rom. xv. 2, 3. 

20. Making trifling annoyances or inconveniences of importance, 
and suffering them to iriitate our temper. Luke x. 40, 41. 1 
Cor. xiii. 5. 7. Prov. xvi, 32. 


Withholding m 
-indulgence that 


or givmg It a 
be given to 

paringly, or spending any 
the poor, or to the cause 

of rel 



gion. Deot. xv 


11. Prov. 

ii. 9. 27, 28. 2 Cor. ix. 

Spending money in s 
i liberal. Prov. xsi. 

ome instanc 

s extravagantly to be es- 

«— 13 

Being exalted u 
. Luke in. 88. 


es ii. 5. 

med of poverty- Ps. xlix. 

29. Aiming at an appear 
S. Phil. iv. 11, 12. 

nee beyond 

iv. 16 

Feeling pain at 
Luke viii. 3. 


under an obligation to any one. Phii 

V. 11. 

Expecting mo 
Maiih. Viii. 9. 


sonal attention from others. 2 Kiagt 



Heqiiiring ihe c 
n, rather than 

ompany of those we love for our own gral- 
niaking their happiuess our chief object, 

Malth. ; 

33, Resisting whan 
John xiii. 14. 15. Ja 

All these things are 
quired by the gospel i 

Chrinlian rules of love to God, and love to man. 

I . Of being subject to the glory of Ood. 1 Cor. x. 31. 

inirary to the simplicity and hnroility re- 
Christ, and must be brought under the 



2. Of ntkiif to plrase HiiR m aU t)HO|a rather tfaut eamlrBS, 
Rom. xiv. 7, 8. and xt. 3. Col. iii. 17. 

S. Lovinf Hifl wiU raUier thma our ova. Hatlh. vi. 10. and 
vii. 21. 

4. Loving oar neighbor r* oiirselvea, and doii^ onto faim u we 
would be sbotttd do unto ua. 1 John iv. 7. Hatth. Tii. IS. Col. 
iii. 14. 

Hence the neceesity <^ Christian adf-denial, Lulw il. SSj mor- 
lificatiou, Rom. viri. IS; and crucifixion of tbc corrupt aattirr^ 
Oal. V. 24. Rom. vi. 6 ; tbat we may noi- be ruled by the love of 
selfi but by tbe love of God and man. Matt. xxii. 87 — 10, 

MortificalioQ of any sin in net be by a supply of graoe j of ouc> 
eelvea we cannot do it. 

This grace ia the purchase of a Savior's nfiennga. andean only 
be received by faith in Him. Titna ii. 14. John vii. 38, 39. 
By union with Christ, His Holy Spirit flows into the soul. John 
XT. 4. 6. 

Crwmbt from the writingt of a diieipit of Ckriit. 

1. k small number of true disciples is as acceptable to our Sa* 
vior as a multitude of outward Cbrislians. Tbe main paint ia 
that tbe whole heart be devoted unto him — then he reveals himself 
in bis beauty. 

2. Tbe one thing needful for the members of every Christian 
society is, to gain for themselves in Christ a share, though this 
may have the appearance of self- preferment which prevents in 
some meaeore tiie outward extension of our church — still it is 
better, to bestow leas attention on others, than to fall short in our 
own salvation. 

5. Thousands of pulpits would be a real blessing to millions of 
men', if the word were preached in its sublime simplicity, and the 
incarnation of the Son of God, bis sufferings and death were the 
sum and substance of all discourses ! 

4. Not to know Christ, and still to be called a christian, is a con* 
Iradiction. It is inconceivable, bow a man should speak of a 
name, which he doth not know,— or profess to belong to Him, 
whom he never has found. 

6. True faith confers unspeakable happiness, and here already 
imparts eternal life. 


Than my Lord had oft hii resting atation. 

CoDveise held io friendly mood : 

With thai bliss, which Mary highly saTor'd, 

I could wish this day still to be fuvor'd ; 

Bui Thy presence mahes to mi; 

Every place a Bethany. 

Jesua Blill has familiea, in which he visits as in the days of 
bis flesh ; from which he meets with a hearty welcome — and by 
which he is received as the most agreeable guest and friend. 

1 have but one petition, — 

When Thou go'sl forth, admission 

In others' hearts to tind, — 

Pass me not by, nor sliaiht me ; 

Come, Dearest,— I invite ihee, — 

And leave one kiss of peace behind. 

Could we with ink the ocean fiU, — 

Were the whole earth of parchment madc,- 
Were every single stick a quill. — 

And every man a scribe by trade; — 
To write the love of God above 

Would drain the ocean dry ; 
Nor could the scroll contain the whole, 

Though etretch'd from aky to sky. 


WiscnNsiK. — Br. Fett writes from Green Bay, nnder date of 
January 21st, 1853: 

On New Year's day I preached from Hosea 10. 12 to only a 
dozen hearers. The snow was so deep that females could not 
venture out. May the Lord visit us in His mercy this year, and 
renew His work amongsi us by the aid of His Holy Spirit! — 
When we take a retrospect of the year that is gone, and consider 
the many trials which we have had to endure, we are forced to 
exclaim in astonishment. Is it possible that we could bear so 
much ? Yes it is, when the Lord is with us, and we can cast our- 
selves upon Him. And, God be praised, this we could do, and 
did it dailjr; and intend to do it for the future ; knowing thai with- 
-out Him we can do nothing. Thus far hath the Lord graciously 
helped us ; and we heartily believe and trust that He wilt cootin- 
lie to assist us, and will yet set our feet in a broad place. The 
ihou|(ht that He, the Conqueror of all evil, can. as Luther says, 


r4k tttm^vtamt ivnvtwwmm: 

driTa the ilevil out of that stronghold in which he generally siw 
•eoDTeat — the human heart — gifee db eoiirage, and inspires us 
with the hope that here where the prince of darkness has a visible 
work in the hearts of the children of disobedience, the Lord will 
yet hring many soufs out Of darkness and translate them into the 
kingdom of light We will, therefore, not grow weary in scatter- 
ing abroad the good seed and watering it with our tears. Some of 
our people moved away from here to Iowa in September and Octo- 
ber of last year. May the Lord open their eyes for them there, 
and lead them in the right way ! Some, who for a length of time 
had absented themselves from our mpeiings, begin to return again. 
Vicious pamphlets and pernicious publicatione edited by certain 
German fugitives, amongst wbon are some discarded preachers, 
misled many, and turn ihe half-hearted ones completely over to 
infidelity. Of the Germans who arrived here last year there are 
some of whom one can have hope ; though there may not he 
many who have as yet a hearlfelt desire for the " one thing need- 

Our labors in the Lord have thus far not been in vain ; to be 
assured of this we have only to take the children into considera- 
lion whom the Lord has hitherto entrusted to our care. We have 
a Sunday school for the children and yonth before the morning's 
service, and another for the adults at the close of the afternoon's 
meeting. Mr. Vail, the agent of the American Sunday School 
Union, stationed at Milwaukie, visited us in July of last year and 
supplied us with a variety of books and tracts for our Sunday 
SchooL There are some of the children over whom we can ^e- 
joice, especially some Catholics, who likewise attend our week- 
day school. The number of pupils belonging to the day-school, 
which we keep four days in the week, is iweniy-five, — twelve 
girls and thirteen boys ; thirteen of them are Germans and twelve 
Americans. Our room is crowded full with ihem, and they give 
lis enough to do, with teaching them German, English Reading, 
Writing, Grammar, Geography, Arithmetic and Latin, besides im- 
parting religious instruction. Little attention is paid to the train- 
ing of children in Green Bay ; if I had the means I would erect 
a free school here for neglected children. 

I last year obtained twenty>one subscribers to the American 
Messenger. Some of the Germans will not read it, because of 
the unfavorable reports which the colporteura give of the Germans 
in Ihe West. 

We have been obliged to live sparingly. To buy a stove for 
our sittiDg-room was hitherto impossible : we etill make use of a 
borrowed <me. Had it not been for a timely donation from some 
friends in the East we would at one time not btve been able le 
buy a barrel of flonr. And yet we are contented and thankful; 



tbft Lord fau not fonaksn ui in oor difficultws: w.beo wo v»n 
■wt in need then the belp was aearest at hand. 

It is ihe wish of both oai hearts, and our daily prayer, that iba 
Savior will aooQ let ua live independent of asflisiance from the 
Home Miaaion fund. Ae far aa our poor abilities reach, we 
will do what we can lowanlB our support with joy; but it is 
•liljr the Lord who can make all thing* to proaper. 

Ikdiana. — Br. Barslow writes Trom Coalesville. 
January 27th, 1653 : — On New Year's day we held divine 
service acconiiog to the roUowing order. After opening with sing- 
ing and prayer, 1 read the Discipline of our cliurch, then the Mem- 
orabilia of my labors in this place for the past year, and iben ad- 
dressed a short discourse from the Text for the day (o a couple of 
candidates for confirmation, after which they were duly confirmed, 
and we all knell down while I commended ihRni to the Lord in 
fervent prayer. The next day (Sabbath) they both came fortrard 
with »s to the holy supper of the Lord, after listening very atten- 
tively to a discourse from Eph. 2. 13. Tliey seemed much affec- 
ted, and wefelt that the occasion was blessed to us. There were 
nine of us in all. Our litde churoh edifice, (30 ft long and tt& ft. 
wide) is at length raised. 

January 3Ist. Have just returned from Bethany, a Presbyter- 
ian church (N. 8,) in Owen County, 26 miles disUnt. Found, 
unexpectedly, when I arrived there that they had scoured the ctm- 
•tant servires of a minister of their own connection for several 
months. I met this gentleman yesterday morning at the church, 
and he urged me to preach, which 1 did with rejuclanee. In the 
afternoon he had an appointment ut Gosport, six miles distant, at 
which I wished very much to be present and listen ; but the peo- 
ple at Bethany were desirous I should remain and spesk to them 
again at 3 o'clock, so I consented. 'J'he day was blest to me. 
The people listened with tearful attention. Indeed there is, and 
has been for some time, an unusual interest in the subject of Re- 
ligion among that people. There are seeking and inquiring souls 
there — middle-aged and intelligent men. May the Lord bless them. 
If I am not deceived, my heart yearned over them, At the elose 
of the last meeting several of the brethren came forward, and said : 
" We shonid be very glad to have yon come and preach again to 
us whenever you can, even though we have a minister engaged 
for the present." But of course I lelt no appointment. 1 saw 
decided evidences of enlightened piety amongst that plain, farming 
people ; and although my stay was so short among them, yet it 
was so pleasant, thai I shall long remember it. 

On my way to Bethany I distributed along the route to passing 


140 aoMB misioK urTBLLtaxHoi. 

trkvellere 60 of the precious little sheets of the Aoier. Tract SocJ- 
etjr'i publications, praying for a blessing od them. DiatribuM 
some wherever I go lo preach. 

February 28th. We feel as if there were eome blessing reaiing 
■ on our little Sunday School; there being- considersble interest 
manifested by some of the children and also by iheir parents. 

At Waverly the attendance was rather larger, and itie attention 
more solemn than usual, — attributable, probably to the fact that 
there had been much sickness and several deaths in the neighbor- 
hooJ within the four weeks previous. 

Yesterday, the fourth Sunday In the month, being my day at 
Mt. Meridian, I set out, about 8 o'clock, in n rain storm, through 
shocking depths of mud ; but kind Providence favored in giving 

)f the ride elear of rain, so that I arrived safe a 

after 11 o'clock, and fonnd three persons present and two others 
at a little distance, approaching, one of iheni bringing a coal of 
fire between two sticks. But we were obliged to wait nearly 20 
minutes, on a dismal, cold, kindling operation, for want of good 
wood, — HO that it was nearly half past 11 before the service com- 
menced ; when, after singing, praying and reading scripture, I 
proceeded to speak to eight men, two women and two little bort 
from John 17. 17 ! ■' Thy Word is Truth." After service con- 
slraiied them to take with them a tract apiece and promise to read 
them. I had hardly got home and quietly sat down for reflection, 
when a violent shower of rain commenced failing, attended with 
loud thunder and vivid lightning. Last week we formed two lit- 
tle classes for religious instruction; the one consisting of four 
girls, aged from 12 to 10, daughters of our members here, and the 
other of two boys, sons of br. P. aged 14 and 16. We hope 
•ome other members of the Sunday School will apply for ii 

During the late visit of our brother Martin Hauser from New 
Salem, 111., the Home Mission Board at Bethlehem took occasion 
to hold a meeting on the lOlh of March, for the purpose of afford- 
ing the members of the Board an opportunity for furihering ac- 
quaintance with this Pioneer of the Brethren's Church in Indiana 
and lllinuis, and conferring with him about the prospects and con- 
duct of the home-mission work in the West. 

At tlie same meeting, br. Sylvester Wolle was chosen Vice 
President of the Moravian Home Mission Society, in tlie place of 
our late br. Wm. Henry Van Vieck, deceuad. 



or Witkly Leaves, communiealed by the U. E. C, from tht III 
to tht tmh of January, 18S3. (No. 1 — i.) 

On entering Uiia new year we thought of all our dear congrega- 
tiooa both here and acroae the seas, as also of ourecaltered breth- . 
rea and uetere at oar different miaeioQ Btaiiona throughout Uie 
world ; and cooimended ihein all to the blcMing of iwr faithful 
Savior. May He, who has ihui far'ledour Brethren's Unity, 
■ad who is " the same yesterday, and to-day, and forever," con- 
tinue, as our fiiilhful Elder, lo guide us for the Tuture; to purify us 
more and more, and to make us well-pleaaing unto Himself; that 
His purposes with ua may be more fully attained. Hay He 
awaken in us all a desire after His free grace, and let us all enjoy 
that graee in richest measure ! The Daily Word fol- the 27th of 
July, " They pierced my hands and my feet," Ps. 22. IB, which 
we drew for the Brethren's Unity on New Year's night, remind- 
ed UB of our calling — lo bear witness of the sufferings and death 
of Jesus, and in every plai-e to which He opens for ns a way joy- 
fully and confidendy to testify 

" That Yob off 'riog holy (BweetHunelluiK mtoi !) 
Cleaiues from all un, proclaimiag God'* bvor 
To all oiuikind." 

May we but do this at all limes in the power of a lively. 
heartfelt experience of Christ's salvation, and then the fruits of 
our labors will surely appear. 

1. On the 6th of January we remembered the whole mission 
work of our church before the Lord, and on the 19lh the Green- 
land mission in particular, which on that day celebrated its 120th 

2. We were filled with concern at the late accounts from the 
Danish West Indies, which stated that the yellow fever still con- 
tinned to carry off many victims. Through a letter from br. 
Linke lo br. Mallalieu we learned that it had pleased the Lord, on 
the nth of December, to remove the single brother Samuel 
Brunner at Friedensdiai in Santa Cruz from the midst of his 
earthly labors, in the 31st year of his age. He had been particu- 
larly active and faithful in leaching in the schools on that island. 
Br. Gardin writes, under date of December 14lh, that our breth- 
ren and sisters on the Danish isles were generally indisposed ; 
but we wait for more definite information. , 

Simitar accounts have reaefaed us fiom Jamaica. Br. John 
Jacob Seiler of Antigua has received a call as W^den of ovf 
Ifission in Januoi is the place vi our Ikte br. Spence. 



In the MinioD Confereace at St. John's, Aoiigaa, on the 29lh 
1^ December, br. John Buckley was inducted into (he office of 
aaBJstant-niissionary, and sr. Ellen Roberts was conalituted an ac- 
olyth. Our brethren and sisters on this island were well. 

Br. and sr. Lind and br. Theodore Sonderman, on their way to 
Jamaica, were still detained on the English coast by conirary 

Br. George Edward Seidet, Laborer of the single brethren's 
choir in Gnadan, has been called to ihe mission service in Barba- 

3. In a conimuuicalion Trom br. Daniel Scherf or Shiloh, dated 
Nov. 12th, he inTormed us ihat the brethren and sisters al (hal sta- 
tion were in good health. Br. and sr. Sehcerr had receired a call 
to labor in the lower Cape-congregations, and were about to set out 
(hither, taking along with them several children destined for the 
schools in Europe. Hopes were entertained (hat the Tambookie 
tribes would ere long make peace with (he English. Immense 
swarms of locusts had laid (he country around Shiloh waste, and 
tlierefore the prospect for a good harvest was very doubtful. 

4. Br. Txger wrote, on the 28th of August, that he and br. 
Spieseke were well. They had again received visits from the 
natives at their dwelling on Lake Boga ; whereby they were en- 
couraged to hope that they could soon labor amongst that people. 
The country suffered much from fre^hetsi and in consequence of 
the digging for gold, all sorts of provisions were high in price. 
The lidle garden which our bretliren cultivate, (herefore helped to 
lighten the burden of (heir support. 

5. On Ihe 25th of May, (Wednesday after Trinily) God wil- 
ling, the Ministers' Conference will be held in Herrnhut. 



The Rev. Ernest L. Hazelius, D. D., was born on the 6lh of 
September, 1777, in Neusallz, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of 
Prussia. He was blessed with pious parents, both in connection 
with the Moravian Chnrch, who, whilst they were careful to cul- 
tivate his mind, were siill more solicitous to lead him to the Sa- 
vior, as the sinner's only hope. He was deprived of both his 
parents before he reached his siiiteenih year, but his ardor for the 
acquisition of knowledge, and his love for the religion of Christ 
were not abated. Having received a thorough education, classical. 
scientific and theological, in his native country,* in (he year ISOO 
he received a call as instructor in the langnaees, in the institution 
at Nazareth, in the State of Pennsylvania, United States. In this 



capacity he officiated until March, tB09, when he wae invited lu 
the Lutheran churches in New Germantown aod German Valley 
in the Slate of New Jersey, and was ordained hy (he Evangelical 
Lutheran Minisierium of the Stale of New Yorli, on the 6ih of 
September in the same year, (1809.) In the year 1815 he was 
appointed Profedsoc ofTheolog'y in the Episcopal Luiheran The- 
ological Seminary ai Hartwick. This inatiluiion he served for 
fifteen years, when in 1830 he accepted a Professorship in the 
Seminary at Gettysburg, P^nsylvania, and finally was elected, in 
18S3, Professor of Theolopy in the Evangelical Lutheran Semi- 
nary at Lexington, South Carolina. 

He entered npon his duties in this institution in January, 1834, 
■nd exerted all iiis energies and influence for its welfare to the close 
of his laborious and useful life, although he had tendered his res- 
ignation, which the Board would not accept until June last, he 
■till continued to give instruction in sermonizing, and in the He- 
brew and German languages. But four days only previous to his 
death, exhausted nature compelled him to lake a final farewell, in 
the capacity of instructor, from the students composing the class 
in Hebrew, and to whom he was most ardently attached. So that 
we may truly say, he labored while he lived, and he lived only 
while he labored. 

He calmly and quietly fell asleep in the arms of his Savior on 
Sunday the 20ih of February, 1853, at three o'clock, P. M.. 
making the whole of his earthly pilgrimage seventy five years, 
five months and fourteen days. 

According to the most accurate information we possess, more 
than one hundred ministers of the Evangelical Lutheran Church 
in this country are indebted to him for their Theological training. 
And although his body now sleeps in the silent tomb, Ilie work of 
bringing lost and ruined men to the cross of Christ, through his 
inslrumentalily, will still go forward to the latest period of time ; 
and when the last trump shall sound to wake the sleeping dead, 
nternity alone shall reveal the great and everlasting good. 

* In ttie Moravian SemiDuy at Nietkj, Saxony. 


Wednesday, the 11th of May next, the day appointed for the 
celebration of the Anniversary of the Moravian Home Miuion 
Society, will, by Divine permission, be observed, at Bethlehem. 
with the usual exercises, the first meeting commencing ai half 
past fl o'clock, A. M. 

The attendance, of the members of all the societies linked to- 
gether in the bonds of love, end co-operating with us in the missioa 



work of the Churefi of Christ, is earneatly called Tor bir the 
anantmouB Toice of the Board, and alike demanded by the merita 
of the cause, and for the interest of the work. 

Aware thai distance will deny the members of out sister socie- 
ties, the privilege of manifesting their interest by personal atlend- 
■nce, we call upon them to leave their Tilus, or send their Timo- 
ihy or Tychicus to hear and see, and declare all our state. 

With an afieclionate salutation to the members of all our auxil- 
iarr societies, (he Board of Management, under a sense of respon- 
sibility, thus earnestly expresses its best wishes for the Home 
Mission Cause, the prosperity of our little Zion, and the enlarge- 
ment of the Redeemer's kingdom. 


March 16th, 185S. 

Donations to the Home Mission Society. 

Donations towards Bohemian Congregation, 

From irieral aistert in BetblehBm, • • - -6 63) 

From a brotber in Betbl^ioi, - - .... 1 — 

From Rev. Abr. l.nctenbBch, - - - ...5 — 
From Rev. J. C. JacDiuon, • - . . . . 6 — 

From Uniwd Brethren's Congregation at BethlebMn, - 10 *— 

From br. C. D. W. Lilliendahl at New Yoik - • • 30 — 

Paymtntg received Ay Sev. C. F. Seidel. 

BetAhhem.—'Ur. Qeoigt Stiff, H. P. Oibam, Mn. Templeton, Mn, Zoni, 
Sara. Yiwt, Levin Kranse, ISSS. 
Rahuiay. — Mrs. Moor*. 
DttroU—Vln. Eli*. Btuatt. 
Tutcalaom. — Jamm D. Hill. 
South Carolina.— Kti. Mar; E. Miller. 




J&oxaman Ct)utcl) KtiscellattQ. 


Both iD former and more modem times a.'neatde^l bas been 
Bsid and written conceraing the Brethren's Church, ber historjr, 
her doctrine, her peculiarities. Bui still this sutjjecl is by no 
means exhausted ; many erroneous Btatements, which have been 
handed down from one writer to another both within and without 
the narrow circles of the Church, need yet a public correction ; 
many parts of our history, especially in the United States, are as 
yet to most — terra incognita ; and even among the older members 
of our American congregations not a few. might be found, who, 
though sincere Christians Ihey may be, " ready always to give an 
answer to every man that asketh them a reason of the hope that 
is in them with meekness and fear," (1 Pel. 3, IS) still would find 
it ejirsmely difficult to stale clearly and distinctly, why they might 
not be Lutherans, Presbyterians or Episcopalians as well as Mo- 

Hence it is not to be wondered at, strange as il may seem, that 
even a member of the Church may put forward questions like the 
following in all simplicity and we believe sincerity of heart: 
" Can this Church have received a difierent commission from any 
other true and evangelical Church of Christ. Did Christ estab- 
lish more than one guide, rule and law — more than one religion T 
The Gospel scheme has but one end and aim, the salvation of 
maakind ; therefore every step that conducts to that grand object 
is the Mission of the Church." 

True, (he end and aim of the Gospel scheme is the salvation of 
mankind ; hence it follows, that the ultimate end and aim of eve- 
ry evangelical church must be the same, and we firmly believe, 


182 mi butbhen's cnuhch. 

Out M the gnat day of God the question to the individual will 
not be : " Haal than been a member of Ihif or that Chnreb ! H«al 
thou observed her ordinances, ceremonies, rules etc. I" But: 
" Hast thou loved Him fervently, and has tiiis love been the main- 
spring of all thy actions V 

But the loayt and means to ^in this one great object are differ- 
ent and must be different. As many roads lead to one city, — as 
among many individuals great differences of character, tempera- 
ment, inclination and education wiU be observable, thus it is wise- 
ly ordained by God, that His One, — Holy — Catholic Church has * 
for a lime been divided into different branches, denominations, 
national and local churches and sects, to meet the different wants 
of different national or individual characteristics. 

Once II16 lime will come when ""the Lord shall be king over 
all the earth : in that day shall there be one Lord and his name 
•ne." (Zeoh, 14, 6.) Ooee .the time will come, when according 
to the declaration of our Savior " there shall be one fold and one 
shepherd." (John 10, 16.) But until that time comes, when all 
the children of God will be united not only in one spirit, but also 
in one fold — every Church has besides her general, also her pecu- 
liar mission. This peculiar mission is pointed out by the Head 
and Kuler of His Church in various ways, and may be of a more 
catholic or more sectarian character. Some churches or church 
organizations are peculiarly adapted to certain nationalities, and 
will therefore not be able to perform much beyond certain geograph- 
ical boundaries ; others belong to a certain time, a certain stage of 
civilization, both in an individual and in a nation. Has that per- 
iod passed by, when such an organization was really useful, then 
it Would betray want of christian wisdom to try the extension of 
these peculiar characteristics of a former age 10 the changed ctr- 
Gumstances of a later time. These general remarks find abundant 
confirmation in the history of the Christian Church in general, but 
will also apply to the Brethren's Church in the various stages of 
her history. 

It would he interesting to ascertain by a careful study of the 
history of the Christian Church at large, in what manner the dif- 
ferent branches of the Church of Christ were led by their Head 
and Ruler to perform this or thai peculiar mission, and also serve 
for our encouragement, instruction and reproof — for we have often 
need of them — to point out in what manner, and with what degree 
of fidelity such a peculiar mission had been fulfilled, — or been 
neglected. But leaving this subject to an abler pen, we will en- 
deavor — briefly to point out some peculiarities of the Brethren's 
Church, both as to her organizalipn, her origin and her misston. 

Any one, if he be acquainted with the Moravians at all, even if 
only In a superfiei^ or accidental way, will be struck with certain 
peculiarities in the form of worship, in the regulations of the Be^ 



thiiMB'flfd ptrfiapB aWiA theairntiliireof' some more proitiineql' 
bnltdfo^. On a more minilte inspeClioa, however, these peculi- 
aHtiee, — by aotnt condescendingly atyled oddilics or German no- 
tions, — will appear of minor importance, the more the peculiarity 
of the organization of the Chnrch itself becomes known. We 
iriTI now alk the attention of our readers to some features of thit 
ptculiar organizalion. 

1, The Church of the Uniled Brethren it nQtialional Church, 
nor in its present organization descended, like most Americab 
Churches, from a European national Church. To be more expli- 
cit in oiir meaning we would say, the members of li^e Unitas Fra* 
tram are not confined to one or two particular nations, as e. g., the 
Episcopalians are English in language and church polity, or (he 
Lutherans, German as lo their origin, or the Presbyterians either 
Scotch or descendants of the Scotch, or the Dutch Reformed, ia- 
habilBDts of Holland or their American descendanls. The An- 
cient Charch of the Brethren might be called a national church 
in this sense, being confined to three kindred nations, the Bohemi- 
ans, Moravians and Poles. The renewed Church of the Breth- 
ren oH tlie contrary, is, though small in number, as regards nation- 
ality, perhaps farther spread than any other Protestant denomina- 
tion, counting among her members not only descendants of the 
old Bohemian and IkTbravian Brethren, but a far greater number of 
Germans, English, Scotch, Irish, Welch, French, Swiss, Dutch, 
Swedes, Danes, Livonians and Esthonians, even if we do nol 
reckon the converts from heathen nallond, as Greenlanders, Esqui- 
maux, Indians, Negroes, Hottentots, Tambookies, Fingooa, rtc. 
Hence it follows, thai (he Church, though counted iitfie amoug 
the thousands and ten thousands of her sister churches, cannot be 
restricted to one or two nationalities : ffer field ia the world.' 

3, The Church of the Brethren is not now nor has she ever 
bctn a Church of the State, or the predominant and reigning 
church of any country, like the Episcopalian Church of England, 
the Evangelical Church of Prussia, the Catholic Church of France 
or the Greek Church of Russia. 

It is a great error indeed, to confound the Ancient Cliurch of 
the Brethren in Bohemia with the Bohemian National Church. 
The latter was for a lime, during the reign of king Podiebrad 
(1489 — Tl) and under the emperors Rudolph(1608^ and Mallhias 
the acknowledged national and established church of the kingdom 
of Bohemia, and her first Archbishop Rokyzan was as such ac- 
' knowledged even by the Pope. But hardly had he become (be 
head of > national establiahment, when he also became the perse- 
cntor of those faithful disciples of the Lord, who, expelled from 
the established church in 1457, formed the independent Church of 
the Unitas Fratrum. This church, from her very commencement 
persecuted both by the Bohemian and the Roman Church, haa 



during the niitence of 170 yaara in Bohemia, Horavia and Poland 
been a chnrch of martya and confeMon-^cclesia presBa,— an in-, 
dependent evangelical church, the finl proteslant church, 60 years 
before the Reformation in Germany, never more than barely tol- 
erated by tlie government. 

Also the reneved Ghnrch of the Brethren has had to pass 
through many peraecutione until she hta become [firmly eatabliah- 
ed in ten tp twelve different kingdoms and principalities. But 
■hough acknowledged* as an independent Proteitant Church, and 
endowed with many privileges, still the Brethren's Church |has 
never been and can never be a Church of the Slate, a predomi- 
nant and reigning denomination. <t 

" The history of this small cnmmnniiy, ssys a clergyman of 
the Church of £ngland,t "from its beginning hitherto," since the 
lime when Huss, the disciple of Wickliffe, a century before the 
Reformation, planted the standard of Protestant truth among the 
mountains of Bohemia, and consecrated it with his blood, to its 
present developement as a Missionary Church, serves to illuslrate, 
perhaps more than any other, the wonder working interposition of 
ibe Savior in behalf of His own ; while al the same lime in nar- 
ratives of striking interest it equals the atrangesl incidents of ro- 
mance. Cut down by persecution almost to the roots, the Unity 
of the Brethren gave yet proof that " the substance was in it." 
laa. 6, 13. The stump again sprouted, brought forth branches 
and shot forth sprigs. Yet since il has enjoyed, at no period, the 
full sunshine of worldly favor, it appears in the present day, as it 
stretches from sea lo sea, rather " as a spreading vine of low 
stature" bearing its dustera of abundant fruit far from the parent 
stock, than as a lofty cedar '> in the shadow of whose branches 
dwell all ihe fowl of every wjng." Ezek. !7. 23. 

3, The Unilas Fratrum is not only a Protestant Church, but 
as her history clearly proves, tht oldttt Protestant EpUcojtal 
Church, having her own Constitution, Governmenl, Liturgy, etc. 
But etill we may say, in a certain sense, the Unitas Fratrum is no 
Church, but a Congregation, composed of members of different 
evangelical churches, a Religious Society within the Universal 
Church of Christ, having her distinct sphere of usefulness, and in 
this respect resembling a Bible or Tract Society. Or we might 
designate her a Christian Alliance, containing not only members 
of the same ecclesiastical organizauon, but also many others, who 
connected with different ecclesiastical bodies, acknowledge and 
feel the bond of spiritual Unity .J: 

* In England by Act of Parliament 1749; in Saxon j by an eipecial edict 
of the king in 1S4B ; in Pruaris by repe&ted Tojat eonceeuoni, 17*S, '63, '8B; 
in Bowia by an imparUI ukue in I7S4, etc. 

t Rev. J. A. Lainiba in hia intmdactoD to hi* fatbci'i "Letten to mj 
Children," p. nu. 

:( We are a FBiriamt AiaocitTioa, set apart for preaching the Goepel. 
—Pratem. Matmger, Na. vii. 



<* Tlie Vtiitat Fratrum* does not compriM certain aongrefn- 
lions onW, scattered through Europe and America ander the ^n- 
eral auperviaion of the Unity's Elders' Conference; it has ex- 
tended iieelT by its foreign Misnons orer a great part of the earth 
from Greenland and Labrador, 4fitiugb NoTtn America to the Weel 
Indies, to Surinam and South Africa. Besidea its raemben, in 
the strict sense of the word, itAjpirt/uq/ Union by means of the 
Diaipera work (the Home Afjssion of Europe) includes also a 
great number of aonla in the iWtestanl Charches of the Europe- 
an ContineDt." 

Hence it is possible, and we might point out several instances, 
that even ministers of ol^er denominations can be at the same 
time members of the Unitas Fratrum, not subject to the ecclesias- 
tical jurisdiction of the Brethren's Church, but still in spiritual 
fellowship with the Unity. We only mention the case of one 
Lutheran pastor in Germany, wbo for nearly 40 years, besides 
his ministerial labors ia his large parish of nearly 8000 souls, 
Itept private devotional meetings to some 300 awakened souls, wbo 
like himself, without separating from the Lutheran Church, were 
Diaspora members of the Brethren's Unity. 

It is also no uncommon occurrence, that young people,gronn up 
in our midst, or edncated in our schools, take regular part in our 
religious instructions and are even confirmed in our Church, with- 
out thereby becoming members of the Brethren's Church, but re- 
maining in ecclesiastical coniiection with the Church of their pa- 
rents. , 


(To be continued.) 

* f. Renilti of the S;uod of the Unitu Fratrom held in Hemibnl in 1848 

page 80. 

Statiitiet : — There are 77 eongregitkiiii in Europe and America, with 17 to 
1B,000 memben; children included ; 65 miraionarf gtatianB with GO to 
70,000 conoerled heathen ; 69 gocietiea *,n6 visitiDg diitricti with about 
100,000 Diaspora brethren snd aigten. — The.home and tbreigii work of the 
Church It present maj number about 187,500. 


U'fft Urr, \BU. 

Tbx celebration of the fourth annirerearj of the Home Mlilnbit 
Society of the' northern aeeUoD of theHorvriatt Bredirm'i Church 
look plaui at Bethlehem oh May 11th, the seeand Wediieaday of 
the month. Br. Seidel, aa preaident of the Soeietji opened the 
■weting- at lialf paetSa'dock with' ringinf atid ptayer, and da- 
dad in Ms openini remwka to our late Im'. Van' Vleck. wtto had 
occupied the chair at onr laat AnniTeraary' and always had btken 
a lively interest in the. proceedings of this Society. 

From the subjoined very ^le Report of our Beoordiof . Smhc- 
tuy, a full and satisfactary aecotint of the activity of the Society 
during: the past year will be obtftiaed, iriibh' wfe- mooimeod Uk 
the attentive perUasl of our readent. 

Id the aAeiUoon, after the Ibve-feast, in which' loue lettent oif 
out Home Hiaaionaries were coromuoicated — the following result 
•f IhA'deetion of a' new board of officers and directora was an- 


Oharies' P. Seidel, 

Pice Praidenl, 

Sylvester Wolle, 

CoTre^tmdmg Seertlary^ 

Ijewia F. Kanpmann, 

Recording Secretary, 

Francis Wolle, 

John F. Ranch, 


Jedidiah Weiss, 
Had rice JoQes, 
Simon tt>u, 
Edward Peiasert, 
C. D. Bishop. 
John G. Weber. 

In looking abroad upon the expanae of our sphere, we admire 
the wondrous works by the Creator pronounced vtry good) but 
turning to the creature made afler His own image, we pause to 



CMisidar ho«^ be> kM Mien fianihk fir»t«t«i».-- Heraw obwi w i 
a-coMpady nudty nuhiBgiomrards^fAn arproiiBele otr the hriltof. 
fue,aMl lherBw«H«-i'hoitwxioiMt7' toiling and bunowinfiD 
ttn-Ml4hvbe«UeM of thfrsiwat pottrin^Fdown tbfirwbni boding 
ivsMRjli of' tttiMm defiled andfadingithftt aaoUi' and -nMt' doth' 
Gortupt; and agMD- we nnrk the baggard'cotMitenane«»of ttwnt 
tUousands' behind tbcirdeskii cadeulatinfithetai'of itM-acriba, and- 
tba' asiurr of tHo money chati|ef. Theee conalilale- the man;—" 
the-^velinf craatBKa of thfteoflh, scekingcomfon wjiereit'can* 
not-be fotiDd;.bul'MilidBl tb* diD<of thft crowdi of worldtia|^- iH' 
tbeit unntisfying puNui)a> vte nbMrve, hero and thtrOi a ain^e 
iadiTidaai turaingasidafVoin-thegay circle^ foraaking the iseming-- 
Ijn faToril*< enjoy mentor those aroond bim, — leaTing tba privileg- 
eaof-aoctelyy— fMegotDgmanyof the oomforta: of ibe dvamlic 
ciKloi^— a«d< aveo' denying himself the' benefi'U of an ealabliahed' 
chiirch>Mlo«tfaltip. He leaves thoee neareat and-dtareat to hinr 
for a- atrange- people in a far coutttry. k&ewtvonly aa'ailandrichm 
soil« withrnoae to ecaitei the seetli-and the aheep of tbeMaelec'a 
fM gone aair^ and huQgerii^ for the food' that abonada, ami' i» 
lo^apare i& their FatlMr'B>houae. 

Theie cotiMttutetb&few, asarall but holy band to wbotDJtv 
aretic regiDn>ia too rigovouit or burning troptolbo intenae. Theiir 
labor it iS' oarprtvilege from time to time tO' take into speuial cdo^ 
■idetalioiik- This day,- the^ anniversery of the Moravian Hodm 
BSiaakra Soeietjr, fioda' ua-net togethtrio review the wartwof ai 
acleef compel^ of the oooseorattd' number, noderthe ampieei>aBd 
foeterit^ oarerof thiv aocirty. 

Deed* nsknown we havrnoiw to relate, botasacooatituliand 
doty, we tako pleasure in^ catling to mind meli oecarrenees a> be^ 
GMae- mortf o^ leaa conapicuou* in- the iranaatrtiMVof ihe^bretbteiK 
in thO'firid, aiidi the- more important resolotions' of the' Bo«rd. 
WeaM laugfat (Zeeh. 4v 10.) "not to deepias' the day of araatt 
things,' ''but to lejoiot aod to takie courage, and with' onward< for' 
OHi waKbWordi to press ferwavdis the strength of itte Lord, in 
tfrery good- work that iH«*eBl» ilaalf for our conaider ation. 

The geMnd oatline of tke field oF the opsralienaof this Seeio* 
tyi has-net EdsteriaHy dianged: aince oar last^aDniTeresiy meeting^' 
thoNfh' aMatnpla have not been> wMting, on<tbe p&if of the Boards 
to exteod ita'bounda. 

Im order ioobtwa a tdlernble pictare t^ what ist and what ham 
bebffdDHet'TC laekfint a« the field' neareal home. InNow-Toiti 
br> Kaltenbrunn has coattnucd- hia labors among, hia Gemav 
toaaUytaaOi,- wiii the faithfuliMBa of a servant' devoted te tbv 
prosperity of bis masier'a work. The element of hia lAora dif^ 
feriog e<a«atiall^ fitodi' that of' a pMtor of an: eataUished QOiigte> 
gaiioni isi serving amoag a people ibat ars mostly tarryiiig hot- ■■ 
•ken ptiiod'iB tk*' i»l^ hi* bborfaaiaitwd- tk* tor ebaaaoUr' U 


188 REPORT OF THE RiooRDmB aEomrTARi or the 

a Hume minionary's work. VisitiDg from hoDse to bouse in 
saarob of tfae wandering and lost of the honae of Israel, br. Kal- 
tenbrun met in thia nietropoliB, made up of the pnople of ao maoy 
nationa, with sigbis and indJTiduals rarely to be found elaewhere; 
and unless firmly stayed upon the strong arm of H^m, who is 
strength to the feeble, how could h^, abide unahakea amid the 
aeoffs and acorns of the infidel'and blaaphemar, yea the continaal 
rebukes of the nine tenths of the multitude that will not have the 
man Christ Jesus to reign over them. Br. Kallenbmn has re- 
mained true, though oft discouraged under these circumstances 
and not meeting with such viaible evidences of the efficacy of hie 
work sa is most pleasing to the senses. This, with the fact that 
a number of laborers of other denominations are, at present, in 
the same field, and that the earnings of this people are extremely 
limited, and attended with an unusual degree of aelfdenial, anxie- 
ty, and often absolute sufferings, has induced br. Kaltenbrun and 
his people to make repeated applications to the Board for the sanc- 
tion of a plan to remove to some more retired spot in the West, 
where to establish a congregalion. The Board had this aubjeet 
for a length nf time under consideration, when, finally, such meas- 
ures were devised, and assistance generously offered by the N. 
Y. Home Mission Society, that the execution of the suggested 
movement became practicable without any pecuniary saerifice to 
the limited funds in the Treasury of thia Society; the Board had 
' freedom to express a hearty Jmen to the plan of these brethren. 

Subsequently br. Kalteabrann made a tour to the state of Wis- 
consin, directing bis way to a settlement of Germans at Water- 
toVn. Here reside a number of brethren of the Diaspora Mission 
of the Moravian Church in Europe, who had repeatedly address- 
ed the Board, earnestly pleading their case. A few days since 
we had the pleasure of hearing of br. Kaltenbrnnn'a safe return to 
New Vork, if not with the grapes of Eschol, atill leas with tales 
as (hose of the evil spies, about the sons of Anak. end the land 
that eateth up the inhabitants thereof. Num. 13. 32. He was re- 
ceived with open arms, the peopile rejoicing in having a Moravian 
missionary once again in their midst. Arrangements had previous- . 
ly been entered into, to have br. Fett visit these people as soon as 
tiie roads should become passable, and he could leave home for a 
season. Of this the brethren at Watertown were apprised, bot 
now comes a brother, perhaps, to make his abode among them. 
Surely a theme for gladness, of which the members of one family 
especially gave evidence, by offering to take their stable for their 
own abode and give up their dwelling to br. Kaltenbrunn and 
his family. 

Narrating the state of things as he fwind ihem, onr German 
brethren at New York were pleased to have their plans fully rati- 
fied by tiieir benefactora of our New York Society, who witii their. 



wontnl generosity, made up the sum of 9300, for an outfit, and 
pledged themselves to Turnish 40 acres of land for the site of a 
charch and parsonage, and a salary of $150, to br. Kaltenbrunn 
for the first year of his vestern labors. Well done, good and 
faithful servants ! 

The end of the beginoing of this new work having been made, 
brother Kaltenbrunn and his little company set out for their new 
western home on the 2d instant, (May), kt this hour, if not al- 
ready on the spot, we may in spirit see them on Piegah viewing 
the land of promise. 

We have had the ploaaiire of taking into our services in the 
New York field, though in a very different part to thai occupied 
by his fellow -la borer, br. Kaltenbrun, br. Ulrich Guenlher, who 
for a past twelve month had been engaged as a Colporteur of the 
N. T. Tract Society, in visiting the emigrants landing in this com- 
mercial city from foreign ports. This br, Guenlher has been do- 
ing, as far as possible, on the vessels, before the new-comers have 
time to place a foot upon the American soil, but failing in this, he 
TisilB them at their quarters. Many are the rude rebukes 
br. Guenther receives, but how cheering on the contrary, the ma- 
ny warm receptions, and pious souls he meets with from lime to 
time on his rounds. An instance ;— entering a house he offered 
his booKs to an elderly matron ; no, she cannot buy, she is loo 
poor, but there is one book she would buy if she could find any 
one to tell her where to get il, but there are none in the city, none 
to be found. The miaaionary's curiosity was naturally excited ; 
ke begged her to confide in him, perhaps, he could tell her where 
to find it. She hesitated, — she had so often asked, but none could 
tell. Having narrated her connection with ihe Diaspora in Ger- 
many, at last she expressed the desire of her wishes to be a Ger- 
man Moravian Hymn-book. Br. Guenlher, when with us, ac- 
cepted of a number ol large copies of an older edition and pre- 
sented one to Ihe poor old woman. Tears only could tell her tale 
of joy, on receiving the book, and from the hands of a Moravian. 

On another occasion our br, celaies a happy surprise he had in 
coming unexpectedly on board a vessel just arrived. Going down 
the hatchway, what should he hear but a large company of emi- 
grants with raised voices, ascribing praise to their deliverer for 
their safe arrival, by singing aloud, " Nun danket alle Golt, mit 
Herzen, Mund, nnd Haenden," 

In his last, br. Guenther speaks of his having just returned 
from 800 or 900 Germans in the Hospital on Ward's Island, to 
whom he spoke with blessing, he has reason to believe, equally 
enjoyed by his hearers and by himself. 

It not unfrequenily happens, on these visits, that our brother 
Guenther meets with brethren or aiatera who stood in connection 
with our church in Europe, as in Ihe present instance, on bis vis- 


190 RirdKT or trb KkcoRbiNa hicretuit or tbi 

it ht the hospital. Here he met with a siBter, poonoul. who had 
received het educalion, and waa reared in the initilutions id Nat- 
wied. Palling into misfortune's hands, and being brOnghl down 
Dpon the couch of luffering, ehe became one of the three thoQ' 
sand inmates of ihia hospital. The joy, and the beam of hops, 
(hat Was awakened in her breast, by one of her own communion, 
coming to administer comfort and consolation to the aiifiering, and 
fallen creatures of this house, we will not venture to espresa. 

Lord givealrenglh to the servants engafjed in Thy world 

Now, that br, Kallenbrun has left New York, br. Guenther will, 
by a resolution of the last meeting of the Board, eater into hia 

The New York Home Misstoa Society had continued, in a 
spirit of generosity well worthy of eraulatiou, to provide for the 
support of br. Kaltenbrun and his family, and discharge all dues 
for chapel-rent, and lights, furniture &c. 

In turning our attention to another part of the field, we next ob- 
serve the work in Hendricks county, Indiana. Here br. Barstow 
eontinnea in his call, travelling from post to post, op the back of 
his faithful animal alone, or with er. Barstow in his buggy, deal- 
ing out by the way, of the bread and the water of life to the 
hungering and needy. * Thus these laborers keep up a circuit of 
seven preaching places, attend to an interesting Sunday School, 
and visit from house to house as many of the scattered abroad of 
their church-attendants, as their time will penult. 

In visible numbers there has no special addition marked the la- 
bors of br. Barstow, yet he, as well as ourselves, have reason to 
believe that his labors have not been in vain. Faithful atteadanee 
at his different preaching places, glad receptions on his visits, and 
not unfrequent calls to advise and adminieler comfort at the sick 
bed, these, with the testimony of the spirit from within, keep alive 
the zeal of our missionaries for the house of the Lord. 

One family havine, recently, moved from the southern promce 
of our Church, to trie neighborhood of Coatesville, has entered 
into full membership with br. Barslow's little knot of worshippers 
of the Lamb. From our latest intelligence from this station, we 
learn that the parsonage has at last been so far completed as to ad- 
mit of its occupancy. Br. Martin Hauaer having on hb way home 
tarried a lilile whde here, writes: — "On Tuesday afternoon, 
April 6lh, I reached Coatesville, where I found br. Barstow enga- 
ged in moving to his new dwelling. I tarried with ihem, and in 
the evening consecrated this house as the Lord's property, suppli- 
catiug for a blessing on all who may reside here as pastors of 
Christ's flock. Next morning we went to the school-house where 
br. Baratow is wont to preach. Notice being given to a few fam> 
iliea, we met, when I addressed them, and at the close baptized 
br. and sr. Baralow'a infant daughter. The church is not yet fin- 


son HwnoR nciwTJ AT tnPtiWKM- 194 

tihed, bat the brediren hope lo have il ntdy for qonH«ntion 'till 
May OT Jnne. ETerythmg is new, and no acarcity of work ; log 
be»M all around the beildiDga, but Deithar stable, outbuilding, nor 
mraen. Ilbrou^lto my recolleetion the beginning of Hope. 
Tbofutare destiny of ^ is infant congr^tion ia hid from us. We 
maat pray for il and commend it to (he uneriing connBel of the 
Lord, who will perform the goodwork he has begun." Phil. 1.6. 

At'Oreen Bay tfainga are beginning lo assume a more settled 
state ; the chnrch being completed, the character of Ihe whole 
work here becomes moie and more like (hat of a " country cun- 
gngB&oo." Br. and sr. Fett, as faithful atewards, have their dai- 
ly employments, if not so much as formerly in going abont, seek- 
ing, and bringing together members to the fold of Christ, the more 
in watching over, comforting, and strengthening with spirimalfood 
those that hava already come in. 

Besides Ihe nsnal pastoral duties, br. and sr. Fett have charge 
of a Bnnday School of nine children, and twenty adults, and of a 
day school of twenty-five scholars, over all of whom they endea- 
w6t to exerciae a hallowed influence of christian obedience and 
love. About thirty families are at present in connection with the 
ehnroh at Greenbay. Since the completion of the church edifice, 
the Lord'a snpper was celebrated four ti^ea, a'llended by thirty lo 
forty and more individuals. 

The eonseoration t^ the house of worship, to the service of the 
Lord of Hosts, on the 8th of August last, was a joyful season, as 
well to the ministering brethren at Green Bay, ia lo all the mem- 
bers of the flock in connection with the chnrch ; nor was the glad- 
new of Ihe oecasion a little heightened by the preaence of two 
brethren from our midat, viz., br. Charles F. Seidel representing 
the Home Mission Board, and br. John C. Jacobson the Provin- 
cial Elder's Conference. Both these brethren, along with ihe pas- 
tors snd musieal choirs of the other two churches ef the place, 
look part in the ezerciaee of Ihe occasion. The former bear oral 
tsatiiBony to die sineerityand devolional spirit prevailing at the meet- 
ings, and to the reality of the work here begun, as it came under 
tlieir observation during ttie short slay they made among this pec^le. 
Parfaotion i> not fannd on this side of the grave, xeiiher do we 
expoct a nfiw people >o well grounded in rules and discipline, io 
word and doctrine, *a those who have been taught from youth up 
in the Wfyji of their father^i iveverthelese tiuly devoted souls are 
^00% t'l^V piuaber wlio^e only hope is in Christ Jesus, the sis- 
oer's friend. 

In a late communication br. Fett writes lo the brethren of the vis- 
itation : "Did you, dear brethren, fi^d more here than you sought, 
did yoi^beoomeficjjuainted with pipHsfioule, and finally leaveGreen 
^»y, comforted witii the cppt£napU|J,gn vf the slate of things here ; 
' ")9F. fllOHcli titttfe plfoaiQ^ 9/spffc} prfisents itself, lately we en- 



joyed k bleHBil «euaii, aod ire perinitied tincc to eater a ntimber 
or familieg with a ireet of > kiw and the affectionate salaialian of 
"brother and aiater ; this waa not ao at the time of the eonaecrar 
Uon. With ihaDkTuloeaa we contemplate the work of the Lonli 
who we doubt not has still more in atore for na. 

Od the Z2Dd of Pebniary last, the father* of six famUiea were 
with me, urging that the church rulea of discipline be forthwitb 
printed, to Ik enabled to place them in the hands of each indirid- 
ual, aid ihua afford all an opportunity to pemae and study them. 
Many of the member* having at first aubscribed to the formation 
of & congregation without, perhaps, giving the subject that ear- 
nestness of thought that the step demanded. This request was 
to us an important era in our labors here ; an efidenoe that our 
work is, not altogether in vain. 

In the afternoon meeting of the holy Easter week, slier a abort 
address and prayer, these six indiriduals, with their families, rdj- 
ing upon the grace of Ood, pledged themselves to unite in solnnil . 
compact for the formation of a true Brethren's congregation, and 
since then not only bear the aalutation of brother and sister upon 
(heir lips, but walk in lore, iji deed and in troth. We have thus 
a twofold congregation here, all worshipping one Lord, in Christ 
the Redeemer, but, if I may so express myself, while one part has 
entered into the " holy of holies," the other part serve their Ma- 
ker or permit themselves to be served, in the courts without 
These are a mixed people, and by no means excluded from oar 
communion, but merely encouraged by the example of those that 
hare come forward, to take a similar stand. This distinction 
durst not strike ns as peculiar to thb neio congi^tion, for we can 
find in all our older churches two classes of hearers, two kinds of 
worshippers among those that come up to the house of the Loti. 
To the establishment of a real Brethren's Church, years of prep> 
aration are needed. We sow, we plant, and water, but God alone 
givetb the increase, therefore await His good pleasure with pa- 

The whole number in and about Green Bay wiUi whom we 
are more or less in connection and who attend our meetings, and 
partake of the Lord's Supper with us, is some thirty bmilies, be- 
sides single and widowed members of onr church." 

Thus with a tried csptaio and mate, we trust this heavenward 
bound bark may clear the shoals in its course without another 
alarm of danger until the whole company, one and all, may be 
safely landed in the haven of rest. 

Besides the company of German brethren, there are still at 
Green Bay a remnant of the Norwegian flock nnder the spiritual 
chaige of br. Iversen. At onr last Anniversary meeting wespoke 
of these brethren as about moving some thirty miles northward. 


MS vMMOMMenrrr at BKntLEnm. Its 

It B*y, wbere they had' mtered s MOtioa of lind-. Dn- 
iag the jt»r tmaa of theoi did go thither, cooBtnicted their log 
e^iBSi and spent the greater part <^ their time in improTiDg the 
grouodi but uot receiviTig the means snfficiently earl)' to obtain a 
sare tide, the opportunity was seized by one skilled in- cunniiig, 
who deptived them of their legal rightB of preemption, with alt the 
improvements made in the year. Later, funds to purchase several 
■ aectiooK of the land, were advanced, by a friend devoledty inclin- 
ed towards the Home Mission Cause, btil by ihe artful manouver- 
ing alluded to, they are obliged lite rally to forsake honee and home 
and search out a locality thai may afford them a more permanent 
abode. For this purpose br. Irersen and several of hia people set 
oatiu the midst of Winter, making n journey of about eighty miles 
lo and fro, over the ice of the Bay for a part of country, by repu- 
tation more futile, if posaible, than that of Stu^[eon Bay. The 
land in search of ihey reached, took such a survey as the season 
would permit, and again, after making numerous sad experiences of 
thff inelenteDoy of the weather,returned safely to Green Bay, thank- 
ful not only for the lupport and protection by the way, but for the 
graeiouB teadii^ of Him who maketh evea the cnnniogly devised 
acliou of the wicked aerve Hii good puiposes. In a late inter- 
esting communication appended to this report br. Iveraen 
takes a very happy view rf the overruling of Providence in 
Ibis matter. Though obliged lo forsake the land they prised so 
highly, they receive in its place a good title, to a section of 434 
Acres on Eagle Harbor, that promises even more facilities for the 
disposal of the products of their faTorite fisheries as well as for 
the purchase and sale of other productions and articles of trade, 
than the former selected location on Sturgeon Ray. Thus, at last 
" help breaks forth amazingly," lo gratify the long cherished de- 
sire of iMs dear people. May He who has opened the hand and 
the purse of their kind benefactors, also abundantly bless ihera in 
the MttlcmeM of this new ootony on the Bay of Eagle Harbw. 

Ib the past year br. Iversen nol only labored among the few sf 
bis countrymen at CIreen Bay, but from time lo time made pedea- 
trian ezouraions to neighboring settlements, agreeably to the <fe- 
aires of Mmcroua families of Norwegians residiHg at these place*. 
(Boine putieulars of such visits have already been eoramunicaled 
in the January number of the Miscellany.) 

Bemdes these fields of labor, which are under the more imne- 
cKale dirsctioB of the Board, we are pleased to bear from linM (» 
lim* at the work commenced by br. Glauder, and continued by 
ht. B. Sohweimix, at Port Richmond, Blaten Island ; also of br. 
O^p, the Moravian Home Missionary of Philadelphia whose m- 
tm&ling report appeared in the last number of the MisceHany. 
A blflHiRg Baa been allendiog the laboia of both hretiiren, and wc 
Iraat nay drandandy eostinue to do so. 



Br. RsgeoMS, prevtoui lo hu mppoiDUnent to £mmana, wu ali(» 
engaged Id a very fertile field ia ihe vicioity of Litis, wljich we 
trust will not long hsve lo remain without another laborer to con- 
tione the work so well begun there. 

When lait we were here together in this eolemn aianoer, Oregon 
was apoken of aa & field that ought to be occupied, &nd repeatedly 
aince the question was up for considering such aut^ecis aa ihefoi- 
lowiog, which were urgently presented by one of our sister eoci- 
niea, viz : the spiritual destitution of the territory ; the present 
hvorable state of things lo enter into the land to possess it ; the 
influence Oregon may hereafter exert over the Eastern continent 
and the isles of the aea ; the danger of delay— Ae enemy aowed 
tarea while mBn slept ; and the provision of govemmeol, grsntinK 
land freely lo settlers. A correspondence wu also opened with a 
friend realding in Ihe moal populous part of Oregon. These 
things all spoke loudly in favor of action, and immediate action, 
yel there lacked one thing that the Board could not, perhaps it 
might be said in the weakness of ila faith, see the end of, that is, 
bow, and where to obtain the means, the two ihouaand dollars lo 
commence such a work. We yet hope and pray that something 
may be done by our Jitde Zion too, for this destitute territory, m 
for all such barren deserts that cry so loudly for the fructifying in* 
fiuences of the light, and showers of grace, which are powerful 
to the bringing forth of much fruit. 

For our brethren at Moravia, in Iowa, nothing definite has yet 
been accomplished, Ihe mail arrangements being so irregular Ihat 
months elapse without hearing from one another. 

In looking over the whole field open before us, that emphatic 
phrase, so oft quoted, presents itself with a fulness of meaning to 
our minds, " The harvest truly is great but the laborera are few." 
To accomplish a due measure of the work before us, three 
Uiings are essentially necessary, viz. : fhtlh, " the aubstanbe of 
thingshoped for.y to keep the work and its glorious object in view ; 
ilfeN, as instruments for the performance of the task, and Meant, 
the circulating currency, a necessary evil in executing the work. 
These three go hand in hand, and are so intimately Joined that 
either one or the otbei, without its attendants appears aimosi nn> 
availing. It is true that faith hath wrought miracles, bui we look 
to human agency. Lord, we believe, help thou our unbelief. 
The ardent soul says, there is no such word aa /at/," and is per- 
baps prone lo charge the Board with not having accomplished 
what it might have done in the last twelvemonth. The members, 
now, at the close of the term of their service, humbly acknowl- 
edge their insufficiency to the full discharge of the responsibilities 
of the work in hand, yet trast that with men in iheir midst wh» 
ue strong in fatlh and prayer, their actiona were directed by the 
spirit that vaunteth not itself, but beareth all things, believet!} tiX 



ftings,' htfpeth all things and endunth all things, (1 Oor. 11. 7.) 
aecKiBjf not its own, but the best intereBta of (hose that are yet 
without the pale of Charch influence. 

As regards laborers, the second requisite in the Home Mission 
work, we cannot say there was a lack; however, as there is always 
an adaptation of things), lo be observedyjhe choice of the Board 
must be governed by scrutinizing prudence , but should there bp 
many posts to fiH and candidates here for each, hut not the^where- 
withal 10 bring them lo their stations, should we not come short 
of onr purpose T II may be said, Christ commanded his apostles 
that ihey should "take nothing for their journey, save a siafl'only, 
no scrip, no bread, no money in their purse." (Mark 6. 8.) Our 
fathers set out in the strength of this injunction and behold the 
result ! True, but in these so called enlightened days of gold and 
silver, trnder the power of the press and of steam, ihe words of 
the Apostle admit of a more literal application. " Whosoever 
shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved ; but how 
shall they call on him in whom they have not believed t and how 
shall they believe in Him of whom ihey have not heard ? and 
how shall they hear without a preacher? and hnw shall they 
preach, except they he lenl" (Rom. 10, 14.), and we may add, 
tiow shall they be sent without money." Therefore "every man 
as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give, not grudging, or of 
neceersity, for God loveth a cheerful giver. (3 Cor. 9. 7.) Yea, 
happily, abundant room is lefi (or us to work with ihem that are 
tent. We hail every effort that is made lo raise means for send- 
ing; ihe Board at the same time must adopt such measures as may 
«eem practicable to economise with the funds entrusted into their 

To this end a resolution has been adopted in the Board, to make 
gradual reductions^in the salaries of our Rome missionaries, hop- 
ing thereby, also, to enforce mure effectually upon their respective 
flocks, the doctrine taught in 1 Cor. R. 7. Who goeih a warfare 
any time at his own charge?" Who planleth a vineyard and eat- 
eth not the fniit thereof, or who feedeth a flock and ealelh not of 
^e milk of the flock ?" summed uAin the i^terds of Christ, " the 
laborer is worthy of his hire." ''flBOTrtf^fflhii of the responai- 
bility of their stewardship, the members of ih^'Board were indu- 
ced to adopt this resolution, nol without feeling, however, ihal they 
might be entailing additional hardships upon those in the field, if 
each little band would not do its utmost to provide forlhe necessi- 
ties of those who deal out the bread of life among ihem. We 
have confidence and flatter ourselves that ihey wilt nol only do so, 
but (et it be both a duly anda priviltf(e to see their spiritual guides 
«t all times comfortably cared for. Tea, might we all feel more 


of the blwMdDMB of gniq|« not onl^ for UuMtppart of our pac 
ton, but for every good wo^ Ginug ii a cfariitisB virtue, and 
if we follow the injuaction of the Aposlle PmiI, (1 Oor. 10. 2.) : 
" upon the fint day of the week lei every one of you lay hy him 
in store, aa God has prospered hiin," it will become an ea;^ laak 
to uiisfy the ehriatian demanda of every cirilector who nay favor 
iia with a call. Our brethren who have adopted ibia plan of sya- 
tematic benevolence, and onriiatera who statedly meal to do needle 
and other fine work to advance the Redeemer's cause, have felt 
the bleaaedDesa of their undertaking. May they not be weary 
in well doing ; ihe Lord has promised that he that soweth bounti- 
fully shall also reap bountifBlly. Riches take outo tbemselvee 
winge ; how comforting the thought when ail haa flown away, 
" that we have done what we could wbik we were set over 

In the coarse of the year about closing over our heads, the 
Board had some special privileges lo enjoy, and trials to undergo, 
which were from above, as welt as temptatiooa to encoonlor that 
flavored of things terrestrial and evil. 

On the occasion of the Minisler's Conference in September 
last we enjoyed, in a meeting on the 2Sd of that month, a social 
interview with five of the Presidents of as many Auxiliary aoeie- 
tiea, viz., br. Peler Wolle from Litiz, br. David Bigler from New 
York, br. Henry Gachman, from Gnadeuhuellen, br. Edmund 
Schweinitz, from Ijebanon, and br. Bernhard Schweinits, from 
Siaien Ishind. 

On Ihe lOlh of March, likewise, the Boai^l had a similar en- 
joyment in having br. Hauaer, the Pioneer in the Moravian Home 
Mission work in ibe West, in our midst, lo confer with him on 
his experiBDce in his labors of love. Br. Kalienbninn, as also 
our lately appointed br. Guentber from New York, were likewise 
with us on matters relating lo their calling. 

These were privile^a, but it pleased the Lord to speak aooiher 
language in removing from among us, our brother William Henry 
Tan Yleck, who was endeared lo the hearts of all, and whose 
intercessions were so constant and earnest, and who ever 
bore the Home Mission cause on his bearl aa a jewel of groat 

" Tl i il J n Bur^h glorious toils 

The world to him was loss. 
Yet all his trophies, all his spoils 

He hung upon the erosa." 

The vacancy made by this brother's departure waa filled by the 
election of hr. Sylveaier Wolle, to the office of Vice President of 
this aoeietf. 



With thttikvtt) tii« Society IbrAeciiBfiaNlMMHtMsdindieB, 
the|iiMiDtwr8 of ibe Board gladly lay dtwii thnr offieet, for thoM 
that are iironger in OMtters of faith, aid lAore Mb ta tKachMt* 
4tw dnliu required of them. 


Setordiag Sterttary. 

Think on oar brethren. Lord, 
Who preach the goapel-irord, 
fat apirit free and bold, 
la hunger, heat, and cold : 
Thou art their atredgth and ihield, 
Hrip them to win the field. 

Oire ue on open door. 
And spirit, grace, and power. 
To tell what ihou hast done 
For mankind lo atone : 
That thua in every place 
We may declare thy grace. 

O Lord, before ua go ; 
To every ainnei ibow 
Wbal need he hath of thee, 
And then most powerfully 
Convince each human heart. 
That thon the Savior art. 

O let thy Btiength and might 
Subdue the enemy'a spite : 
Our weaknesa well thou know' 
Of nothing we can boaai 
But ihat WB trust ihy word. 
And know thou art our Lord. 

Our weak endeavors bless. 
And crown diein with saccese 
Thou Workman great and wir . 
Who shall Thy work deapise 
A tbol emptoy'd by thee 
Can wonders do, we see. 


AocMiiit ofRccelvAi.ABd I>i«liwr«ein«ttti 

^ lie Home JfiMton SacUty of 
iImi, MfimtttBif «( fte feuHh t 

Monaimi Bnttrm'M ChmrA ^ BttUe- 
UM (by 0/ JGiy, 18S3. 

■Iwa ot lut THfi Age. IM SQf 



Inni P. But Df OUo, 1 

" Abu* Onm, Hanort 1 

sdl of alUc got up to «•- 
nudMndiof tluH, H. 

tr. B.gohwidtilti 
" T. pur b[. Rui 

ir br. Beldtl 

■r.C. » 

" Gaocie A. Btiken, 1l _ _ 

« imie giria a B^ Belhl'm 10 — 

» kbnAsrlnBethMiaii 6 — 

•' br. JohD Fiju, Y(M 9 — 

** ftimtlsluii pern. Hut 

ComullT IM 

" ft "ZIoo'a Tnnlloc" 1 — 

" lak IaUm B«wtat aoc 40 — 

B«o. Intenot from P. H. Ooew 

tni jDi7 Kth, 1U3, OD tm 

HW hiOf of Hr. Seddol'i ten- 

41 a> 






Green Bsjr, March 7ib, 1658. 

Having aomewhat recruited from my fatiguing winter journey a. 
I will commence giving the brethren of the Home Hiaaion Board 
an accouoi of my doings. 

On the 14th of January I travelled on foot to Cooperatown. 1 
thia time found the road in a tolerably good condition, yet it waa 
aix o'clock in the evening and quite dark already when I reached 
my jonmey'a end. I waa received in the aame friendly manner 
aa I had been upon each previoua visit. The next day (Saturday) 
my arrival waa announced, and it was made known through the 
town that I would preach on Sunday. — On Sunday morning, 
therefore, I held forth to a large congregation on the Gospel les- 
son, John S> 1 — 1). I perceived that niy hearer* were as nanal 
impressed by the word so long at least as they sat under (he sound 
tiiereof, but what more was effected ia known only to that Al- 
mighty Love, which would if possible save all, and hence my 
hearers too. In the afternoon 1 baptised an infant of nearly a 
twelve-monlh old, whose parents had but lately moved to Coop- 
eretown, having formerly resided amongst Americans in the soutli- 
em part of Wisconsin. In the evening 1 preached again : and 
whilal the congregation was gathering in for the aervice, I related 
many particulars about the Brethren s missions, which waa not 
done without a blessing, I trust, for I noticed that whilst 1 spoke 
tears trickled down the cheeks of old and young. At last, after 
all were assembled and a couple of verses had been sung, I kept 
a discourse upon the prayer of the Ihief on the croas : " Ijord, 
remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom," Luke 23, 42. 
A lender feeling of the loving heart of my crucified Savior per- 
vaded my words, and I had much delight in handling Uie subject 
of my text. All present were affected, and even aome acoffers. 
who had come into the meeting for the firat lime, listened with an 
attention that astonished me. In the last pari of my address 1 
could not help saying : " As I am somewhat acquainted with the 
original depravity of the human heart, I fear that you whom 1 
now see weeping, though you at this moment repeat the prayer of 
the peniieni thief: " Lord, remember roe when ihou comest into 
thy kingdom," are not yet willing to make a complete surrender 
of yourselves to the Savior, and to persevere in hearty supplica- 
tion until you receive from the crucified Jesus a like gracious and 
encouraging aniwer with the thief on the cross. I fear, because 
I have seen so much Iranaient repanunce, that you will still cast 
yourselves into the arma of the world. But one word more !• 


SM LirriK rtoM ai. a. m. iTimaiN. 

you I PeriiqM »mt m amlhtr of 70* «B have 10 harry on in 
the peniiciona wayi of sin ualil you plange into outward diatress 
wad miarry. Ton who muat make such unhappy experiencM, 
hear what I hire to aay to you. It may be ifaal in pioching por- 
eriy, in dangers that threaten yoar life, or in the prjaon cell, the 
evil consequence! of lin will overwhelm you from every side. 
WhtD sH is black before yoor eyeti, btaek your thoughts, yonr<h- 
■ire« and year actioga falsek, and you are in despair, Omy friend, 
then hear the word which I do now addreet to you. When yon 
are in that dreadful litoalion lei this thoag;ht then enter your mind: 
"■oa a certain Snaday erening I ODce attended a religions meeting, 
tod WBB there iarit«d to join the company of the thief on the 
croaa. 1 heard his contrite prayer ; " Lord, remember me," hot 
I did not take it to heart, and now !" — Perhaps, perhaps, "and 
00s**' alnifhly and untiring Grace will begin to cry in you as in 
tha Moimit (hisf, and that for the first timre— ** Lord, remember 
ma, '— 4nd if you will only heed it, yon may hear the word : 
•' ¥aifly I aay unto thee," — if not ' To^ay,' yet ' Once' — " shdl 
Am be with me in psradiae." &e. I staid orer Monday, spend- 
inf the day with an eye (o my missionary calling, by visiting aome 
Bidt ftrfka and oalling upon some othera of the settlers hi ^e ptaoe. 
On Tuesday the tSlh I look my leave of Cooperstowo, and ar- 
rived at home by evening. 

I sappDsc thai the brethren of the Board desire to know some- 
thrng about ihe settling of out congregation. Now in reference 
l» this nrntler I have much to relate. The brethren will recollect 
that we had sdecled a fine Ireet of land ,on Stargeon Bay for oar 
litde congregation, the last piece that we could find adjoining the 
waters of the bay. This Isnd was preempted by one of onr breth- 
ren, who ponciDally fulfilled the requisitions of the preemption- 
law, that tho land might be secured to us against the time when 
assisMKe would rench us, and then we intended at onre to pur- 
chase it. On the 13th of December last, I received a eheck for 
4S00 frora^ our dear br. Shultz for the purpose of procuring the 
land. Il was at that time impossible for me to get to Sturgeon 
Bay, as the ice did not become strong enough to admit of travel- 
ling over it until the middle of January. It occurred In me, and 
that not fbr nothing as I afterwards fbund, that I could not well 
purchase without first having spoken with the brethren residing 
there. I met with a man who was going to Sturfeon Bay for a 
laod of fish, and thus an occasion ofiered for undertaking the de- 
sired journey. We set out on the asd of January, and arriving 
by evening at Bay Settlement, passed the night there. The next 
<hy WB» very stormy, attended with great cold ; in order to warm 
owrsalvae we slopped at noon awhile in an Indian wigwam^ where 
1 had an opportunity, for the firat time, of beroming acqntiimd 
Mth* Ae aeeonmodations of the Indiana. I wonld gladly have-. 


enlMMd inio coavets^tMa with ib«m. but «■ flwgr did iwl iwdir- 
MnA a word of Engliali, it wv imppMiUe for me to Jo n. At 
onlf put «igkl o'clock in the evcniag I wu received and «elcoin- 
«d by the first Norwegiao family in StnrgBon Bay. 

Od account of the unusually eold and ■lofmy .wealhM, T vnM 
obliged to spend the whale of the next day in the boaBin of this 
fitmily. Od the laorniog of the 26th I made haele lo visit our 
brethren and sisters who are living further up the bay. But with 
what painful surprise did I learn irosi them that it was reported 
about, tliai the tract of land, sdecled tot the ec^;regBlion, end pre* 
empied by br. M. Jacobs, (-who bad already begnn lo cultivate it), 
had been bought by an Am«rioin. It was not possible to arrire 
at certainly as to the trtitti of the report, but upon refieclion, it ap- 
peared to ut that it eould fiol be so, for br. Jacob* had complied 
with the conditions of the preemption-law, the preemption time 
was not yei expired, and the preemption- right must ccrlaialy hold 
good. Snre information eoncemiflg the matter was not to be as- 
-pecMdun^l I could make enquiry at the Land-office, Id the af- 
lernoan I kept a meeting, in wfajch I discoursed upon the daily 
word: " Heb. II. 38. These were happy moments for Aur 
brethren and sisters in ihal neighborhood. On Sunday I preach- 
ed twiee. Nearly all uf our voantrymen living in that quarter 
were present. I was tolerably well acquainied wiih the condi- 
tion of each of them, and but too well sware dial (here VFere aome 
of -their number who with aatanic ingenuity and cvnninghud hith- 
crto opposed the cause of ibe Lord ; some of our church mem- 
bers have had to suffer much from them. Hardly ever did I feel 
•0 well prepared to use ihe sword of the Spirit as in these two 
meeiiags ; and truly, — not to the praise of iversen,— ^id it cut in- 
to iheh^rts of my hearers. A couple of souls not in coBaeeiion 
with UB, who had once known the Lord, and subsequently drnp- 
ped asleep again, were shaken to the inmost depths of their bean. 
This I learnt from the contriie confessioBB whicli they made lo 
me ; and I hope that the Savior will now confirn^ them in grace. 
They traced the priacipal cause of their backsliding to the dan- 
gerous cbsraciers meniiooed above, who exert a like pernieictus 
influence over another individual whom we once acknowledged as 
a true brother amongsi us, but who no longer possesses any de- 
gree of brotherly mindedneas whatever. It is indeed deplorable. 
—As I iniended u> start for borne on the following morning, I look 
leave, in Ihe last meeting, of the most of the peraons preaenl, and 
I felt whilst doing so, as if I was bidding them " farewell" for 
the last time.— Od Monday mornii^ I commenced my homeward 
jounwy, in the company of a kind, chrislisn friend and counlry- 
■Ban of mine, 0. Larson, of Eagle Harbour, and a brother, who 
is at preaenl in his employment. The ice was covered with a 
deep sudw ; and aa we had but one horse lo our sleigh, and a 


W3 u-rrBR pkoh sm. a. m. ttkbibn. 

load of fish aboud, we coiild gel along but.ilowly, and were not 
able llial day to reach Bay Settlement, which is only ten miltg 
from Greenbay. At ilusk our hone could not hold out any lon- 
ger. We, therefore, made for the shore, where we fortunately 
found (he deserted hut of a fisherman, which had to serve ns in- 
stead o( a tavern. We buill up a fire on the rocky floor, by which 
to keep ourselvee warm ; but to sleep was out of the question, 
for we felt no desire to lay duwn on the stones. Slilt this fisher- 
mnn's hut was to us a Bethel. At three o'clock in the morning 
the moon began to shine, and we proiieeded upon our journey. 
By eight o'clock we reaches! Bay Settlement, where we breakfaat- 
ed, and at noon of this day, the Isl of February, arrived at my 
home. Fatigue had almost made me sick. On the 2nd I went 
into the city to sell the check nf br. Shuliz ; for I knew that in 
Menasha, where the Land-oflice is, I would not be able to dispose 
of iL A land-agent, Mr. Wood, was the only person who could 
just then buy the check ; and from him 1 unexpectedly learned 
how matters stood in reference to onr land in Sturgeon Bay. It 
was but too (rue that we had been cheated out of the last piece of 
good land which we had there selected and preempted : it had 
been «old in November already, before br. Shulta's check arrived. 
Bnt in what way the whole transaction was managed I could not 

With a heavy heart I returned home, and invited ftie brethren 
residing here to meet me at my house in the evening ; when I 
then informed them of the aspect of our affairs they were likewise 
much cast down. All appeared dark before ua, and we knew not 
what to say to one another. One of the brethren at length re- 
quested me to pray with them ; whereupoii we knelt down, and 
besought the Savior, who is our only refuge, that when others 
would impose upon He, He should care the more for us. and make 
us conformed to Hi^ will, (hat we might desire nothing besiden the 
grace and gifts which He imparts. Friend Larson, of whom I 
spoke before, came into the room where we were met together, 
and listened to our troubles with heartfelt sympathy. When the 
prayer wae over, he spoke out his mind to this effect — that we 
should only be of good cheer, the Lord would not forsake us ; if 
we had no counsel to give each oilier, He had still counsel enough 
in store, and though we could not discover » way out of our di- 
lemma. He might have one for us, and it would be an easy matter 
for Him to point it out to ua. He reminded us, too, of what an 
absent brother had a long lima since related to us about a tract of 
land lying quite near to Eagle Harbour : that brother had always 
maintained that we would have done belter by moving there in- 
stead of going to Sturgeon Bay. Both Larson, and the brother 
who had been our traveUing companion, were well acquainted 
with the tract in question. They gave a description of it, and 


LriTBB FK(W SR. A. M. IT>RBBir. 208 

oondnded with saying, tfaat, altfaongh they did not preninie to de- 
clare that the Lord had reserved this spot for ub, jeX they did not 
thiak tbat there would be any harm in our going thither and tak- 
iitg a look at it. Larson's brotherly observations were welcome 
to na. I al once offered to go there as soon as possible and ex- 
amioe the k>cality, which can readily be done in winter, provided 
one is experienced enough in such undertakings. The present 
family eircumstanceM of our brethren residing here prevented them - 
from aceompanyiDg me ; hot we agreed that when I got to Stur- 
geon Bay I should take a couple of brethren from there along to 
assist me in inspecting the land. On the 8th of February, then, 
I set out once more with the same maa that had taken me to Stur- 
geon Bay the former lime, and the ferveut prayers of my brethren 
followed me. On the evening of toe next day I arrived at Stur- 
geon Bay almost stiff for cold. The attention which I truly stood 
in need of, was tenderly bestowed upon me by the same family 
with whom I had stopped before. 

On the 10th I visited a number of our church members living 
here, and told them the sorrowful tale of the loss of our land. 
They of course, were pained to hear this ; for some of them had 
already put up large log-cabins, the erection of which had caused 
them much labor, and now all their pains was for nothing. I re- 
minded ihem of the history of our forefathers in Moravia and 
Bohemia, and this together with what I had to say about the land 
in the vicinity of Eagle Harbor, revived their spirits again. To 
their question, what I thought might be the reason of the Lord's 
shutting the door so completely against tliem in Sturgeon Bay T 
I gave the answer (which I still believe lo be the Ime one) that 
onr Savior wished to get us away from those wicked countrymen 
of ours, who had already done so much harm, and who, were wa 
to stay amongst them any longer, would perhaps work out our' 
total ruin. On the 12lh of February, I went, with two brethren 
as my companions, on foot and over the ice to Eagle Harbor, a 
distance of S2i miles. Arriving there by 6 o'clock in the evening 
we were welcomed by our' friend Larson with open arms. At 
his house we met with some of our brethren, who were either in 
hia employ, or had come to visit him. The Sunday we employ- 
ed for edification ; and although there were no more than sixteen 
persons in attendance, I still kept two meetings, in which the 
Friend of our souls letns feel His presence sensibly. On Monday 
morning the 14th of February, the examination of the land was 
to be made ; the text for the day called out to us : " Be not sloth- 
ful in busiaese," Rom. 13. 11., and with these words of exhorta- 
tion we cheerfully addressed ourselves lo the task. I was accon- 
panied by three of our brethren, oar friend Larson, and in partic- 
ular as I confidently trust, by onr Lord and Master. The result 
wu gratifying, boyond the expeclstion of us^. We inspected 


SOi Lrm* iitoa wm, m.w, iranmK 

the land cmctfaUy and minatelri and I can wilh tnHh dedan Uial 
none of tu had aeen any land on Slnrgeon bay aa braudAiI and 
good B« ihia ; and of aucb excellent land there is enongk for more 
tban a hundred faroiliea. I have not the lime al present to asy 
more about the examination which we undertook. Suffice it, that 
we were all delighted, and felt truly (hankfo) to the Lord for ttw 
ffTBce which He had shown to ua. It appeara to me neccMary, 
however, to aay something about Eaglo Harbor. On Eagle ialandi 
which properly constitutes Eagle Harbor, lives our friend Laraoiit 
and two and a half miles distant from him there are some of our 
countrymen to be found. The ateamers plying between Buffalo 
and Chicago, on their way to and from Oreenbay, fretjuently atop 
at Eagle Harbor to take in fuel ; Larson was not able last summer 
to lurnish one fourth of the 6re-wood needed, although he kept a 
number of handa continually employed in cntring timber. Every 
settler can dispose of his cord-wood without difficulty, »Qd there- 
with pay for his land. Besides, no setUer needs go to the city to 
buy provisions, aa he can get all that he wants and at cheaper 
rates fropi the ateamers ; and if he has fiah to sell, he can find 
purchasers enoogh on board the steamboats. The fiaheries in 
E^le Harbor are better too than those of Sturgeon Bay. Find- 
ing Eagle Harbor and its neighborhood in every respect preferable 
to Sturgeon Bay, and having no spot in the vicinity of the latter 
on which to locate our congregation, we had no other alternative 
than to choose the land which we had examined, and as speedily 
ss possible to bay so much of it as our mesns would permit. 
Our friend Larson offered to take me to Menaaha widi his horse 
and sleigh, and to assist me as far aa he was able in the purchase 
of the Isnd. I accepted hia offer with a gratefbl heart. On Tues- 
day, the l.^th of February, we drove to Sturgeon Bay, where we 
arrived by evening. I spent the following day in viaiting the pso- 
[de here, but had to listen to many unpleasant things from our 
evil^ispoaed countrymen, who bad begun to suppose that we 
would move to Eigle Harbor, and were now dissatisfied wiUi our 
doing so. Strange I that although these people misrepresent my 
actions, oppose my efforts, diatort my words, and by to make the 
upright view me with suspicion, yet they do not wisn that I should 
leave them ; some of them even sobbed aloud when I bid then 
farewell. On the ITth Laraon and I proceeded on our journey. 
In the morning, when we started, the weather was tolerably Mr; 
but we had not gone many miles beiore a snow-storm set in and 
it became very cold, so that we could only travel with the greatest 
difficulty. We were obliged to stop on die iee, at noon, to let the 
horse rest; the provisions which we bad taken along for onrsalvea 
were frozen as hard as a stone. As the snow soon became deep 
we made but slow prioress. The cold waaso intenee that Larson 
ftoie his feet, and u^ noee was at one time ao stiff and entirely 



wiAoat ihe senie of feeling, that I believe I could have broken it 
off without experiencing any pain. Ijiidge that it wns aboui half 
past tea o'clock al night when we came ia eight of the firit houtte 
in Bay Settlement. The people were all a- bed already; we Grel 
sought accommodations with a man of our acquaintance, but he 
had taken in so many of hia friends that he had no room foe us. 
We drove from house to house, but folks either would Dot, oc 
could Dot give us lodging. Till after midnight we drove about ia 
this tnanner, in the midst of darkness and storm, until we at last 
found a family, that gave ua quite a friendly reception ; and had 
not the Lord thus provided for us, I think this would have been 
our laat journey. The next morning, the 18th, my friend Larson 
could not siand upon his feet, but by the application of snow he 
was so far relieved that by 10 o'clock we could proceed on our 
way. By noon we arrived at my house, truly glad that we were 
■ow able to recruit again. When our brethren, residing here, came 
to me in the evening, they heartily rejoiced at the result of our ex- 
amination of Ihe land ; and each one wished that there might be 
nothing to hinder us from purchasing the tract which 'we had se- 
lected. Having some engagements in the city on the 19iIl, I 
made use of the opportunity to visit our br. and sr. Fett, who 
have always'shown a faithful and afTeetionate attachment to ub 
and aur congregation ; the news which I this lime had to tell them 
interested ihem not a tittle. On the 30ih of February we again 
set out, in the name of our Savior, strengthened in sou] and in 
body; towards evening we got to Appleton, where we staid over- 
night. The next mornine we drove to Menasha. Immediately 
upon our arrival there we went into the land office, and after act- 
ing with due deliberation and the utmost caution, we effected our 
object. I bought 424 ^ acres for t474 ^^ including all expenses ; 
and I have in my hands Certificates signed by the Roister and Re- 
ceiver as full security for the purchase of the land. Thus, at last, 
on the 21st of February, did the Lord grant us aspolof ground, on 
which the members of our congregation now may move. 

1 have likewise to report thai I have been engaged through the 
winter in imparting religious instruction to three grown girls, whom 
I hope to confirm in their baptismal covenant, the Savior willing, 
during the Passion week. 

With an affectionate ealulation to the brethren of the Home 
Mission Board, the dear brethren of the P. £. C, and all the 
friends of Home missions, I co.mmend niyself and my oppressed 
brethren tu your continued remembrance. 

A. M. IVEflSEK. 


MUi Prmriti IB., Apr. ISM, ISftt. 
t>Ht br. Seidel :— 

r hasten to apprize j-oo of my aife arrival at home, on Friday 
Ukt the 8th inst., and ackriotfleoge the following receipts for build- 
itii a church At Olney, 111. 

From New York, .... 

" Bethlehem, .... 

" Nazareth .... 

" Schoeneck .... 

" Philadelphia .... 

" Lancaster .... 

•' York 

» Liiit 

Otf for uncurreot Bi'oh«jr 

•782 IS 

As you probably have heard, I left Litiz on Easter Monday, 
and reached Pittsburg next morniag, vhere I made choice of 
tMvellinff on the steamboat, rather than railroad, which was the 
cause I did not reach Hope ttU Saturday evening the 2d inst. 
Next day (Sunday) being the anniversary of the congregalion at 
Enon, br. blander being absent from Hope, there was no divine 
ii^rvice till evening by candlelight. -After br. Clauder had preach- 
M in German, I made a few brief remarks alluding chiefly to my 
trip to the eastern congregations and the affectionate and brotherly 
reception, and success in collecting means for building a chnmh at 
Olney. I was very sorry that I was pt^evented from being at Enon, 
Is it Appears they had a blessed day. On Monday I started, in 
order to take the cars at Columbus Ibr the West, but, whether for . 
pioA or evil, came to Columbus about five minutes too late, and 
had to waft UH neit day. Tuesday morning, I was at the station 
hMse in gwd time, and by half past 3 P. M. reached Coatesville, 
where br. Barstow was engaged in moving to his new dwelUhg. 
1 tarHed t^ilh theM, abd in the e^rening consecrated this honse as 
tfc« Lord's property, supj^t^atihg for a Messing on all iiho ihay 
i«sM<9 be^e xs pastors of GhHsfa flock. Next mornirtg i^e Went 
to the School house wtiert ht. Barittow preaches ; ntttibe trtidg 
fiven to a few faoHlies, we met, when I addressed them, and at 
the clow baptized br. and sr. Barstow's infant daughter. 

The Church is not yet finished, but the brethren hope to hav« 
it ready for coosecratioo till May or June. Every thing is new, 


WmI ao M«ei(ji fof work, kg iMBpi ril roDp4 the bnBdingB, but 
DffillMir rtabb. wii'buildii^ hot f ardcM. it tirongbt to in^ notH- 
lectioD the bc^Dning of Hope. The foiure dssiib^ efthls iDfaat 
mntgnsatiflii » hid Iran a*. We mon pny for it, tnd commend 
il to the tiaerriiig Boauel of the Locd, who will perform the good 
woik he hwM be^n. Ph. 1, 6. 

Ytstcfd»7 two of our Olnfly friends were here. /The railroad 
is pragcoHing. Towd loti hare risen 160 per cent to price ; a Mr. 
Kilsho) has offered to give ui half of a lot valued at $56 on which 
to build our ohuroh. Should we not try and gel another for a fu- 
iiire parsonage ! 

The railroad pauses only ^ of a mile from town, and I hope w1)eo 
OUT «uUrD frieutU and brethren travel from New YoHiloSl. 
Louis, they will notice our Church. All, however, is yet in pros- 
pective faitb. 

Yours in bonds of l«ve 


from a luttr conmwnituUtm of br. Sauttr, dated AprU B8)A, 
tvs mtute tht foUounng exlrasti. 

" Since I have returned home a great chan^ has t^ken place 
with roe ; not in my way of thinking — no, my faith as regards re- 
ligion and our dear Brethren's Church, her Home Missions and 
llome Missionaries is pretty much fixed ; neither has Ihe.change 
been very great in my appearance, — although some told me I look- 
ed ten years younger. But I will tell you in what the change 
consists — a mighty reaction has taken place. Since I have come 
back I have had to work and that in good earneal, too, for " what 
thy hand findeih to do, do it with thy might,"* So I hitched] up 
" old Jsck" to the plow, aud broke a piece of new ground ; hut the 
way I felt tired the next day I will not tell you. Next T had to 
go to hauling rails, which was my yesterday's work, and to-day I 
am so very tired and stiff, which may account for this letter, for 
it is easier lo sit at the table and write, than lifl rails on the wagon, 
but 1 don't complain, for I think it is according to our Creator's 
arrangement, and like Adam, I found to " know what is good and 
evil !" 

On the second Siiuday after my return home I preached at Al- 
bion and Wanboro, two interesline slalions. At Wanboro the 
house was well filled. Here certainly we have a specimen of what 
reliipon can do. We meet with our peculiar views on ceriain 
pointo of doctrine ; we all view baptism as an ordinance of the 
Chareh instituted by Christ, but allow each his own peculiar views 
as to the mode, and so we in union worship One God and One 


Savior. What a happy time would then be for poor Zion, if dd' 
chriniao conduct in ward and dnd wara the chief eaUH far not 
having' fellowship with one another. 

Laal Friday I slaned for OIney, had a meeting in the e*eiiin|f 
al ihe house of br. Schaefer,— a good number of Germans attend- 
ed. Nest morning br. S. and I went to meet a man who had af< 
fered lo get Slit the timber for our church, and one who would 
frame it. We had s lengthy chat not only as to the external bnt 
also ilie spiritual building, which is lo be ■' built upon the founda; 
tion of the Apostles, and Prophets, Jesus Cbrisi himself being th« 
Chief Corner Sione." Ej)h. 2. 30. 

When every part was fully talked over and we had come to a 
lull understanding, we left the bargain open till Monday morning, 
graming each pariy further time for refleclioo, but tinitMJ in prayer 
to the Lord to direct us according to his unerring counsel. 

Br. S. and I then walked to Olney (three miles,') in order to de- 
termine as to the lot on which the church is lo be built. Luckily 
we found the man (lawyer Kiichel,) at home, who kindly offered 
his services, and so we walked over Ihe spot and made a selection 
of a site, and as soon as the plot is finished he will make us a 
deed. The railroad will run nearer to the place ihdb was expec- 
ted when 1 left in the winter ; it will be about one quarter of a 
raiie from the church ; the work ia going on rapidly. 

On Sunday at U A. M., 1 preached in the court-house, which 
was well filled, and though I spoke about two hours, scarcely any 
one left his seal before the close. Every person feels an interest 
in the church buihMng, some desire a hp^ier place for worship, 
some know a little of the spiritual builiiing, while the man of 
" dollars and dimes" thinks it will help lo raise the valtie of his 
properly. We must look lo the Lord ; the work and the glory 
ate the Lord's J 

On Monday morning we closed our contract for the churrh- 
hnilding, which is to be in size 34 by GO feet, 16 feet high, with 
10 feet gallery at one end. A vestibule 12 feet square, with a 
room below, for coniaiuing Sunday school and church hooks etc. 
and one in the second story for other purpoees, whatever they may 
be. From the upper room is the entrance into the choir which 
leaves the hall unencumbered by stairs. This vestibule is to ex- 
tend above the main building, forming a steeple and place for the 
bell. The building will cost ns much more than wns expected, 
or would have been the case twelve months ago or twelve moniha 
hence, for as'soon as the railroad is completed, materiala can he 
bronght to this place much cheaper than at preaenk ¥ei the Lord 
knows his time. 


. A mkiamKAi. lenB w «r tbk Bwraimn mmrr. 

We propoBe. in this puier, to take a brief review of the Bretb- 
ren'a ifnily. noiicinf such memorable occurrencea of the year 
1852; as have been brought before us by the weekly accuuatt. 

A thoughtful reader or hearer of these, cannot fail to be struck 
with the fact, that little or no mention is made therein of what 
may be called the Home Work — what is going on in and around 
the Congregations of the Brethren in Europe and Americ^. 

Here we have little more given than the naraea of the brethren 
and sisters who have been called to office in the church, or re- 
moved from one sphere of labor to another, or summoned to their 
eternal rest. We may regret this, both as to our ignorance of the 
spiritual and temporal welt-being of the congregations, and also 
our lack of sympathy with that eKtensive work known amongst 
us by the name Diaspora — a work by which a large number of 
souls (probably not less than 100,000) are brought into society 
fellowship with the Brethren's Unity. But whilst we regret, we 
do not fail to notice and reflect upon the interesting and edifying 
circumstance that so la^e a part of our church's usefulness is car- 
ried on as it were in retirement, with "Utile noise and show." 
This bears testimony to the genuine gospel spirit which animates 
those more immediately connected with this work ; who require 
not the stimulus of publicity to obtain the funds and maintain their 
courage and perseverance. 

The largest unbroken section of the Diaspora work is lo be 
found' in the Russian Empire, particularly among the Lettoniana 
and Esthonians, who belong nominally to the Lutheran church. 
The brethren and sisters engaged in this pravince live for ibc 
most part in small setilemeuts, the most important of which is 
Neti-Welke, about siiciy Euglish miles from the well-known city 
of Riga. Now, of this large and promising field of labor, we 
have in the weekly accounts during the past year only the slight- 
est notice. An official visitation of hr. Nielsen, of Petersburg, 
and his having afterwards conversed with the U. E. C. upon the 
state of this work, together with a similar conversation with br. 
Eerslen, of Liebeswerth, who is a laborer in this vineyard, is all 
that is mentioned. Br. Nielsen himself haa, in the course of the 
year, been consecrated a Bishop, with reference doubtless to the 
wants of this province, aa well as those of the far distant congre- 
gation of Sarepta. The society at Petersburg, of which he is 



the fctbonr, is thna connffcied in oar mindi with llraaa in Limnfft. 
The moat recent sccoonta mention the entrance of tho cholera in- 
to the Soeietf Honee : with reference to which, the members 
commend themselves to our sympathy lod prayers. Next in ira- 
porlance in the Diaspora work we may meniion those societies 
lying around, and more or less connected with, ibe congrc^tions 
of the Brethren in Germany. In these accounts are noticed titose 
around the three Silesian congregation a, viz. Gnadenberg, Gna- 
denfrey, and Gnadenfeld, aa well as those around Hermhnt, Nies- 
ky, Kleinwelke, Ebersdorf, Neuwied, and Koenigsfeld. Those 
around the Danish Congregations of Chrisliansfeld are also no- 
ticed. In addition to thene, we are reminded by the acconnts of 
a flouiiahing work in Switzerland, Wirlembe^, Holland, Den- 
mark, Russia proper, Pomerania, Poland ; and we know other 
iiouniries, such as Francs and Sweden, have not been mentioned 
simply because the laborers in those psria have been permitted to 
follow their high calling without let or hindrance, change or inter- 
ruption. The Societies in the Upper and Lower Rhine have so 
multiplied that a new district has been assigned called the Wes- 
ternwald Districl, in the neighbotliood of Neuwied. Increase o( 
labor has demanded additional hands also in Switzerland and the 
neighborhood uf Bremen: so that this important work has evi- 
dently not been going back in the course of this year. 

The same kind of work known on the continent of Europe as 
our Diaspora work, is carried on by our Brethren in the United 
Stales, under the name of " Homr. Minion" with this difference 
that whilst the former has to do with those who stand in nominal 
fellowship with national or established churches, the latter is car- 
ried on amongst those emigrants and settlers who are without even 
nominal church-fellowship, having broken these ties at the time 
they severed themselves from their Fatherland. One or two ap- 
pointments in connection with this work are mentioned in the ac- 
counts, and we are able to add from private sources of informa- 
tion, it is proceeding with spirit. In England we have nothing, 
which can atriolly be considered belonging to the class of work 
we are noticing. For a short lime new spheres of labor may 
partake of its character, but then the societies so gathered, speed- 
ily assume the I'orm of Congregations in simple and single fel- 
lowship with other churches. The congregation at Brockwesr 
may be mentioned as the most recent instance of this transition ; 
and the Society at Bolton s bo rough, which, in the course of the 
present year has put itself nnder the care of our Church, may be 
instanced as the nearest approach to the character of the Diaspo- 
ra work we have at present in this Province. It is served by 
our br, and sr, J, J. Montgomery. 

Lei us now proceed to notice the regular congrtgations and 
tettlementt of the Brethren's Unity. And we trust it will mrtbe 


demsed itiappropriitr, to endesTor, as we procMd, to tAtlma s 
clear idea ot their Dumljen, size, and relalire poaition. We will 
bppn with ihoae in Saxony, the iMBTt of Germany. If we take 
the ntoiher congregalioD, Hermhut, witli its two neighbora JVittky 
and KleinwrUce, as a basis, we have already in their united num- 
bers a population of 1700 bouIb. In these congre^tions there 
have been changes of laborers in the course of the year. In Herrn- 
hut those of the single Brethren and single Sisters, and the Ward' 
«n of the congregation. In Nieaky, the widows and single Breih- 
ren ; and In Kloinwelke, the eiogle Brethren. The single Breth- 
ren in Niesky have celebrated the Centenary Jubilee of the dedi- 
cation of their House. Two other such centenary jubilees may 
here be conveniently mentioned, that of the single Sisters in Gna- 
denfrey, and that of the single Sisters' Choir House, in Fulneck. 
Niesky has sent forth missionaries in the course of the year to 
the West Indies an^ alio to that land of death, Surinam. Klein- 
welke has furnished its coniineenls for the same fatal battle-field, 
as well as for the mission in Greenland. Herrnhul has, aa usual, 
had its Ministers' Conference, at which about 70 of the neighbor- 
ing Protestant ministers and schoolmasters attended. In the im- 
mediate neighborhood of Herrnhut, resides the U. E. C, or pre- 
siding Conference of the Brethren's Unity. In this conference 
there has been one change in the course of the year. Our ven- 
erable brother, Christlieb Reichel, who has been for many years 
a member of the wardens' department, zealously and faiiiifully 
applying hia distinguished financial abilities for the benefit of the 
church, has been conslraiRed by ^e snd infirmity to resign his 
seat in the board. His place will be occupied by brother Kiuge 
from America, who has for several years held the poaition of ad- 
ministrator of the Unity's estates in North Carolina. Not many 
miles eastward of Herrnhut lie the four Silesian congregations, 
stretching north and south. Three of them, Gnadenberg, Gna- 
denfrey, and Gnader^eld, have already been mentioned ; to which 
must be added the most northern one, Neu-Boltz. Thty contain 
together between 1400 and 1600 eouls. In all of them have been 
changes of laborera, either in the single or widow choirs. Neu- 
aaltz has experienced the mercy of "the Lord in its preservation 
from imminent conflagration, for which it brought a public tribute 
of thanksgiving. This congregation haa also sent forth its mis- 
sionary to the pestilential swamps of Surinam. The sonihern* 
must of these congregations, Guadenfeld, ought to be specially 
noticed, as possessing in its midst the seminary for the education 
of those who are destined to be laborers in the church. Five 
brethren are mentioned in the accounts aa having, in the course of 
the year, completed their studies and entered upon their respec* 
tive posts of labor as teachers in our- boarding schools. Seven 
youths have entered upon tbeir atudiea, having removed fraoi the 


pKfwaMry Mbool >l Wmkf fW ibu fnyma. Thv ■ mm— ty- 
haa, in (iie murM of tb» nn, raevn*^ •■ offleiml vlaiwian bf 
fcMther Sohordan, depaiod bj die U. E. C. lOnadnfeUi m aim 
■MrMliaf to no owing- to iu prannttf to «m vf 4n eoMraa of 
labor in tfa» uiiiimit Bfotbran't GhnRh, vin. Fo)ii«ek m Moravia, 
fivin which it is diataDl fmin 40 to M milas. We am ^ad to 
know thai itiera are brethren and tiBten in aoeielT feUowahip witk 
Onadenfeld who live in tbcw looaliiiei reitdered ao dear to aa bf 
the piooa labora and aofieringa fer ronacience' adu o( am fbro- 
raibers. The SUeaian congregationa alrateh over a diatance of 
IM miles. 

If we trarel now from Hermhut weatward throng the aaaH 
principalities whieh divide Northern and Sontbcni Sievmanf. we 
•ome first to the congrogatioa of Ebendoif, in the principality of 
Renss LotwDsteio. It has a popalalion of more than SOO sonliii 
and has had changea in the laborers of the single sieMn. It ban 
also fnroiahed a missioDary to the West Indies ihis year Nazi 
in order eomes NauKtlendoif, in die duchy of Saxe 6otfaa, with 
upwards of 8(K) inbabitaoia. This eengregation haa furnished a 
. miasionary for Surinam. And laatly, havior pasaed by die locali- 
ty of the ruined and deserted congregation of Hernihssg, we come 
to the proaperouB one of Netnoied, one, however, whicli haa fre- 
quently been deaolated hy war and flooded by water. Il is aitu- 
ated on the baake of the itbine, and contains npwards of 3S0 mem- 
be(s. In addition to the usual boarding echoed, it haa a commer- 
cial achool, the director of which baa been changed in the conrae 
of the year. The single brethren have also had a change of ls> 
borer. The distance of this congregation ffom Herrnhut may be 
pot down at about 306 miles. Km it measnres the stretch of our 
congregations westward from Hermhut, so Nauwied is the centre 
congregation of the three which tie contiguous to the course of 
the Rhine, each of the two being about the aame distance from it ; 
ihe one, Zets^ 14H> miles to the north, in Holland ; the other, 
Kotnig^M, in the grand dnchy of Baden, 300 miles to the south. 
Zeist has nearly 250 inhabitants, and Koenigafeld about an equal 
number. Both congregations have had changes of laborers. In 
the former. Bishop Beebler having resigned his office of minister 
has been succeeded by brother Kleinsohmidt, late of Heriin. Ko»- 
nigsfetd has had the diitinotion of flirnishing a miasionary for 

We must now make a long and tedious journey etaiward, pass- 
ing through Gerffiany. Poland, and a large part of the Ruasian 
territory, and we shall find at a distance of 1000 miles beyond 
Petersburg, the eongregation of Sareptn, numbering more than 
3H inbabitants. It appears in the weekly accounia simply by 
the change of its laborers, and iheir visits to Hermhut. Ckrit- 
Hamfdd, in Denotwk which bad ftM tnbrtiiniita befm* the late 


brbtbibn's cmity, sis 

war, has had changes araongst ils laborers, and has coniribuled a 
misaioQary to fill up the desolated ranka in Surinam. Qnadau, 
near Harby, once so well known as the locality of our seminary 
and the reaidenoe of the II. E. C, ia one of the few places which 
are unnoticed in the weekly aecounEs. It has about 240 inhabit* 
aula, and ia the place where the varioua publications of our church 
are printed and iseued. In Berlin and the neighboring village of 
Rixdorf, congregaiiona are to be found numbering together about 
400 soula, many of whom are dcBcendania of the Bohemian 
Brethren. They have been called lu thanksgiving by a gracious 
preservation from fire, and have had a change of Uborera before 
alluded to. Besides these there are mentioned the small congre- 
gations of Norden in Hanover, and Haarlem in Holland, connect- 
ed with a change of laborers. 

We have thus passed the congregations on the continent of 
Europe under review, and cannot we think, fail to b« impressed, 
and gratefully impressed, with the fact that a acattered population 
of believers, numbering little more than 6000 souls, have been en- 
abled to carry forward so many years, ao large a work as that 
which has grown up under tlje care of the Church in the various 
countries of contiuental Europe north of the Alps. That in ad- 
dition to another year of gracioua support in this work, they have 
been permitted and enabled to send forth 14 or 15 missionaries to 
labor in distant heathen lands, calls for our lively gratitude. And 
when we remember that 10 of this number have stepped into the 
vacant ranks of that gallant little company of servants of the Lord 
who are laboring with steadiness and devotednesa where the arrows 
of death fall thickly around, we would fall in abasement of spirit 
at the foot of Christ's cross and thank him that he has cast our 
lot in union with a christiaa people so highly honored and favored 
by their Lord. 

Leaving the congregations of Germany we pass over into Great 
Brilmn and Ireland ; and here we shall not deem it needful to 
enter into any detailed notice of the individual congregations, and 
the changes of laborers — they are sufficiently known to all of us.* 
We are enabled however, by tlie statistical returns, to lay before 
the brethren and sistera, the numbers in the several congregations. 
and of those under their care, more accurately than in either of 
the other two provinces. In the congregations in these tslanda, 
30 in aumber, we had a population of 4055 aoula at the close of 
the year 1851. In 1851, STOl children were under our care in 
boarding, day, and Sunday schools. The gospel is preached by 
our congr^ationa in 47 out-places, A work is carrii^d on in Ire- 
land by the Irish Scripture Readers' Society, aided by voluntary 
Bubscriptions chisfiy from the members of our own church. The 

* In ODI neit we will give ■ Btatintieal table of the EngUah oongtegatiou. 


%H sTATwnui- KKvnv aa rai 

n^ri «f tbw wwk fWTBsaRtB of r antarug into i«y BUbPtiMl tn* 
dsH^e qf prograa*. We believe bawevm, nuck good u Mng 
done by it, in |he vioinilia* of our IrUh cBngNgHioBB, 

Tbe congr^flaiioQ* «f lhi( provinoe !)■«« itat fwrniihed rouy 
laiHionaTMS of laie y%an- Last y«ar only Iwo bvrllirei) >sid(hr«« 
•uiere have gotw Tortlt Tratn our midit. In aoy review of ihe 
Brflthten's work ia ibis oouBiry, gtalilude to our fri«Dd> of Qtte 
deuaminatiouB will oot bLIaw us to leave uasoliocd tbe eoeietjr 
kRowii as tlie London AiMciatitH in aid of \he Brethreii'* Mi^ 
lione. which coatiiinea to fuinivh a Urge prckporlion of the aoDasl 
•ubecribed funds required to carry on the miteionary work. May 
the Lord lay hia bleaaiog abundantly upon this atriking exemplifi- 
cation of the catholicity and ezpaoaive&ese of true christiaq char- 
ity '. The Brethren's Society for tht furtheranet o/lht Goipei, 
whicb tiu the eapecial charge of the Labrador Misaion, and ia 
doaeiy copnectsd with (he congr^alion in LoadM. has, to dm lh« 
language of ila Secretary, " bad another ynr of much goad^ 
n^i and mercy displayed ta it by our gneioua Loid. and 
brought Id a close by the safe leturn of the Harmpoy (una ila 
annual visit to the inhospitable shores of Labrador. The relura 
of this veuel, which is freighted with (he neDCsasiies of .life f« 
our missionary brethren and sieters there, always oslla fonb a 
heartfelt Ebenezer.* In the rounlh of May, it pleased the Loid. 
lo lake from our midst hr. Essex, a aember of the Provineist 
Board, and Bishop of our Church, whose faithful utd valued Is- 
bors had for ni^uy years gained him tbe confidence. 1d*e, and re- 
spect of tbe brethren end sisters of this province. Hiadepariun 
Opened the door for a series of minislerisl ohauges, which ham 
affected most of the congregations in this provinoe, and base only 
just been brought to a close. 

• Blu M*r, mo, Ih* HlMioniir; Mp bu ItfM to Lubndor, ind ntnnied nft. EIGH- 
XT-THItSBnimf KottliesaiM ib^, atrUlah', fcr ItrSwkQr bH bat dgbt Tcads 
m en m lTl)' In tba Mnln of Uu miislaii,— bat Dot od« of th«H hu em- tUIrd !□ ibc oV 

aDT ho SaUuttm. Dmliii tbii Ubc ptriod, mo faUI torMait b« Iwn permNM to 
1 thli ftrored Urk, <« (how wbom^ wr ' ...- _,^ , .«_ 

BwiL*bniloTliilTTS,>)'*f^«°°bFTl>*t«n: rfK n>, bcnrarn, ihortlT •Iter noq 
" ■'" ~ ■ ir,*bg)iBlbm> 

. ..iiMde«p,i]«wft QCttrt biiitllDir wlUi TOflkButdftbouDdlDff Irltb p«ru1tir perfb. 1 
hu tbp spmmniikUMa brt*»n tba Hlnkniuki tuid tb<lr breOmii In Sonpe itn li 
J — .. . — . — J, InlerruBledl Odc*, ind ome onlr, Ibe lewal wu wptutol, OB hurnl 
~ *- ■"'TS, >)' * Fnneh prl»»t«« ; At n>, bcnroTBt, ihortl T iiIct fe — '- 

night, Cut. Fn 

■tua. Ih« tukI hoU m btr onine, md b; Ibi? prntartiiiK <sn) of 
oiillHlMh(rf,l*inMiTlSO(,(n«tlMlaiwwimb«i« trmKBglaiul, ■ 
pniloiu njtv» monied In the umili of tb« Sodsl;. 


bmtbrih's nmnr. Hi 

Wb take letve of the English ifiores to p&M over iflto Ameri- 
es ; and w« do so with thtnkfiilneBB indeed for what the Lord 
has dttne and cotltinuU to tttf by our poor iastrumewt^ily ; but 
with a deep doavipiiDQ, iteverthelesB, that we (to (tot eveA conte 
lip to the iaatk of derotedness And single ntfadiediiem set before m 
fay the eiampie of the congrregations in OerttVany, much IviSs to 
that nerk of OHr high calling aa a peo^ of tlt« Lord, Which we 
bavS in ihe standard of God's word. The Writer of thi« imper- 
fect sketch has, whilst compiling it from the weekly accounts, 
been rauth affisQIed by the nnosteniatitKig bnt heroic spirit mani- 
fested by Ihe German congregations in their support if the Suri- 
nam mission. A spirit which remiflds us of the test, the heroic 
period cf our church. We cinuoi be sitiefied without once agAin 
eBlling the attentioii of the brethren aad sisters fo it, and asking 
(be quesiroQ, Uees it Aot quench tile spirit of petty faalt6ndirtg 
wirich inierftres so much with the streiigth of our Unity In its 
lailj^er and smaller divisionq? Sinking all minor differences — 
•shaond of oar mistrust of each other, we would, in spirit, aireteh 
o«t the right haird of sordial brolhertraod to onr dear QermM 
brethren, to whom we owe so much, and with the warmest sfTec- 
lion, we wouM address them — >> Well done, brave comrades, we 
win -seek not lo be behind voo in these acts of devoledness and 
love. Your example shall stimulate ue earnestly and persevering- 
!y to implore Ae Lord lo poor out upon tbie province of the Breth- 
ren's Church more of that spirit which was in Christ Jestis — that 
hnmUe, self-denying, self-sacrificing love for the souls of our per- 
ishing fell ow-ereal tires — of that spirit indicated by ihs apostle 
when he ssya, " Hereby perceive we the love of Ood, because 
he laid down his life for us ; and we ought to lay down our lives 
for the brethren." 

In America we will first notice those congregations which are 
in Ihe State of Pennaylvania. They are ten in number. The 
names of the three principal ones are Bethlehem, Nazareth, and 
Litis. The numbers of brethren snd sisters amount together to 
more than.SlOe Souls. In Bethlehem and Litit there have been 
changes «f laborers in the eonrse of itie year. In the State of 
OAtv then are three congregations, nnmberlng log:eiher 4W mem- 
bets. One of ihem, Gnadenliuetten, will eter be associated in 
onr minds with those horrid tragedies perpetrated by so-called 
efaiistian whiles, who, IM 1782, butchered in ctM blood, with bar^ 
tariiy, flS christian Indians, hmA, women and children, and artel'- 
wnrds burnt the bouMs, whose fioors Wbre sanrated with blood, 
and filled #ith mangled corpses. In this congregation tml thai 
at Sharon there have been changes of laborers. In the slate of 
Ifme Fvrk there sretfareveohgi«gatibnB,0«ttntliig njiwardsbf 400 
members. That in Staten Island has hail a change of (aboten. 
One congregation is to be found in Afary /onrf containing 3S0 mem- 



hen. Hope congregation, in Indiana, liu had « change of labor- 
ers ; and in thie aiaie a new congregmion baa been formed, aad 
called Enon. The sacoud of ihat name, or rather New Salem, 
is to be found iii the stale of lUinoit. In North Caralina, the 
firit and original Salem isaiiuaie ; aa the centre of the Wachovian 
congregations it is surrounded by six of them, the seven number- 
ing together a population of about 2000. There have been chan- 
ges of laborers in two of these coogregations. In one of them 
(Philadelphia) a new church has been built and opened. A new 
congregation has been settled in the Blue Mountains, and received 
the name of Mount Bethel. 

It is with (he American as with the German 'province— the 
number of members are not given for all the congregations, and 
those given are not very recent ; bo that we can only approximate 
to an accurate statement of the total number belonging to the . 
American branch of the Church. It is not, however, less than 
either of the other branches, being somewhere about 6600.. Let 
us, then, take this number, and add to it 6000 for Germany and 
5000 for England, and we shall find the whole number belonging 
to the Church of the Brethren in chriaiian lands does not exceed 
17i500. No very large christian society to supply with the means 
of grace and pastoral care a population of about 170,000. ** Not 
unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto' thy name give the glory, 
for thy mercy and (or thy truth's sake !" Some forther idea of 
the activity of the Brethren's Church may be gathered from the 
numbers of those who annually depart this life, after having serv- 
ed the Church in one or another of its spheres of usefulness. In 
the past year there have been 35 such departures, 17 Brethren 
and 18 Sisters. If we compare this number with the number of 
those who fell asleep in Jesus between Easier 1S51 and 18Ii2, 
which amount to 33, we shall be disposed to say there cannot be 
a lees average number than 30 brethren and sisters called away 
from church usefulness every year. 11 Brethren have been or- 
dained Deacons this year ; six have received the ordination of 
Presbyters ; and two have been consecrated Bishops. 

We ought now properly to proceed to notice what is said in 
the weekly accounts concerning the extensive mission work com- 
mitted to the Church, and which has been more than once alluded 
to. But this is rendered unnecessary by the arrival of the memo- 
rabilia compiled under the eye and published by tne authority of 
the Synodal Committee. This Report of our Mission-field should 
be carefully read and widely dtatribuied among all our brethren 
and friends. W. I. O. 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS of Payments and Donations, wiU 
appear in the next numbeT, 




Moxaman €l)utct) Mmtllatx^. 

Wo. -jr. JULY, 18S3. VOL. 4. 

No. 2. 

The peculiar organizaliou of the Protestaiit Chuich of the Uni- 
ted Brethren, the Uaitas Prstram, as pointed out in our first arti- 
cle, is intimately connected with her peculiar origin, which, aa we 
will presently endeavor to show, has been different from that of 
most other Churches. There are some, (e. g. the Church of Eng- 
land) the origin of which can be ti-aced partly or esclueivel; to the 
political movemoite of a. certain time. Others were fouaded by 
aome eminent men of God, who proclaimed the gospel of Christ 
with demonstration of the Spirit and of power, and justly prond 
of the name of their founder call (iieraselves accordingly Luther- 
ans, or Calvinists, or Weslyans, etc 

The origin of the renewed Church of the Brethren cannot be 
traced to either of thepe causes, neither to a mere political move- 
ment, overruled for good by the providence of God j nor to the 
personal influence of one individual alone. 

We have often seen the statement, that Count Zinzendorf was 
the founder of the Brethren's Church, in the same way as Wesley 
was the founder of the Methodist Church, but this assertion is not 
corroborated by historical facts. Much a^ we honor the memory 
of Zinzendorf, and consider him a blessed instrument in the hand 
of the Lord to promot* the Redeemer's kingdom in the Brethren's 
Church, still we maintain, he was not the founder of this Church. 
Neither do we agree with those, who would trace the origin of the 
Renewed Brethren's Church almost exclusively to the awakeninffs 
unong the descendants of the old Bohemian and Moravian Breth- 
ren. Though we are commonly called Moraviana, and have been 
obli^ by usage to adopt this name, especially sinoe another de- 
nomination in we United States also call themselves United Breth- 


ren,* still this name is no proof that the origin of the Chnrah 
waB purely MorKvian. 

Afi eorlv as 1745, Peter Bochler pablished a Protest a^unst 
thia appellation lo New York, in which he said: "The United 
Brethren do not only consist of properly so called Moravian Breth- 
ren, but also of Latherana, CaJrinietB, Church of Englandmen, la- 
dependents, Baptists and other Protestant Denominations. And 
indeed the properly bo called Moravian Brethren are the least part 
of tha United Brethren. And therefore as logically "a minore 
mihquam fit denominatio," it is very improper, to nse the word 
Moravian for a distinguishing appellation for the United Brethren; 
and we can sever allow of it to call us so ingeneral." The name, 
by which the Church waa legally acknowledged by the British Par- 
liament in 1749 is Unitas Fratrum, a Union of Brethren. One is 
our Master, — Christ Jesus our Savior, — but we are all Brethren; 
«ad this name, whilst it designates our standing and the aim and 
object of our society in the Christian Chnrch, also points distinctly 
to our origin. 

The origin of the Brethren's Church — tn say it in a few words 
^-18 (he result of a partial revival of reliffum in most of the JVoi- 
■ ^lani Churches in the beginning of Ae lagt (xntwry. 

If we wish to go back to the first causes, especially in spirituid 
matters, we are often liable to err, and too eager perhaps to support 
a favorito theory, easily overlook apparently minor circumstances, 
which, however, may be of the greatest importance. " The wind 
bloweth where it ligteth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but 
canst not t«ll whence it cometh, and whither it goeth; so is evei^ 
one that is bom of the Spirit." John 3, 8. 

The state of religion in Germany, theicradle of the Reformation, 
about one hundred years after its commencement, was vastly difier- 
ent &om what it had been a century before. All the Ufa and spirit, 
which breathed in the writings of Lather, Melanchton, Cdvin, 
Bucer and other heroes of the Reformation, had given place to a 
dead formality. Protestant divines were satisfied to be considered 
orthodox in dieir doctrine, and cared in general very tittle, wheth- 
er thwr hearers comprehended their learned discourses, or not; nor 
heeded it much, if the churches gradaally became empty, and vital 
Christianity beoai^ unknown. The same complaints, that had for- 
Dieriy been made oonoeming the Romish priests could josCly be 
preferred agaJnet the Prot«staut learned doctors and the high dig- 
mtsries of the Church. Hany of them were shepherds, caring 
very little tor their flocks, — professing Christ with their It^, de- 
lving him wiUi their lives, — sealons for the purity of their doc- 
trine, but utterly indiffiBieut to the effects of their preaching. Mes 
like Ji^iui Arndt (-j- 1621) and the great christian poet Pai^ 

■ The " UmtiM Bietiitan in Chiitf ' whoM fomuleT wu WilU OtEeibeiB 
iM I7ft6. 


Oflriuwd (f. 1878) had pefsemtiats for ^hrufe vik«; 
wtd.jreredetpMsdsDdTeJMtedbytheirfilerical bratfareo. 'Still the^ 
writiflgB ai^ tJieir bymufi were not in vain. Imbtied with.the spirit 
of CSimt thej strengthened, cheeied &nd comforted hnmble belie- , 
WWB, who coud not find in the .pnhlio di*aourses of the day that 
spiritual food which tbeir boqIb needed. Even whilst the shep- 
berds slnstbered, ^e Lord and fiead of his Chnrob had hia dnol- 
|iles Jiere wd there, bnt 8c^^t«i«d abont, and vainly ughingfof the 
eommonioa of the suuts. 

The first to give publicity to these secret longings was Philip 
Jacob Spener, 1666, Lutheran minister in Frankfort, afterwards 
Court chaplain in Dresden, and after bis expulsion Bcolesiastiual 
Counsellor at Berlin where he died in 1705. Bj hia lectures, sor- 
mons and writings, practical Christianity revivecl, especially among 
the students of theology, the fu:.ure pastors of the Lutheran Church, 
and certain noble ana influential families. One of hia favorite 
ideas was that of "ecclesiolje in ecolesia" i. e. ho wished, that the 
disciples of Christ, without separatingfromtheestablished Churches, 
might form a closer coanection among themselves, and by eocial 
intercourse, fitmily devotion, prayermeetinga etc., nourish thecbria- 
tiau life among themselves for tbe welfare of the Church. His ■ 
work in tbe Lord was crowned with success. .Without going into 
particulars we merely mention one of these christian societiee in 
tbe Church, consistiO£^of A. IT. Franke (7- 1727) and bis coad- 
jutors, J. Breithaup^ P. Anton and others, the founders of the 
great orphan-house at Halle. Through their influence a work of 
grace commenced among the students of the University at ffaile. 
Similar results were brought about in the Universities of ■Jena by 
Professor Bndaens, and Tubingm by Chancellor Pfafl'. The in- 
fluence exerted by theae high schools of christian knowledge and 
genuine piety was especially perceptible in the higher ranks of so- 
ciety, in the noble families of Solms Laubacb, Reuss Ebersdorf, 
Stollberg Wemigorode, Zinzendorf, Gersdorf, eto. 

Somewhat later a similar reriral of reli^on ia perceptible in 
Unfflaiid, also banning among the students of theology. Bnt we 
must go back to the times succeeding those of Cromwell and bis 
relimus fanaticism. When tbe bigott«d Charles the Second as- 
cended tbe throne of England be was determined* " to lay the aXe 
to the root of all religion, and at a single blow to cnt off from tbe 
established Church every minbter of honesty and conacienoe.' By 
the act of uniformity he expelled 2000 gospel ministera. Evaty 
clergyman was obliged to declare his solemn assent in tbe face of 
his congregation, on an appointed day, to the truth of things be 
,had never seen, or be driven ftota his benefice and cure of eoule, 
into poverty and disgrace. Every minister of real piety preferred 

• TU> Life of IpLa Wadej t^Dr. CtU wd Mr. Moore; p. IB. 


tmrj Bwrifioe to that of hia oonnneiicM. By tiua method Aftt 
atrooiooB OoTeroment blotted oot of the'Establuhment evety faith- 
fid pastor. " Oh," cried ont one of them, the great and pioui 
R. Baxter, isi the grief of his myal, " that we had bnt the gift of 
tongues, to enable os to ptoclum the gospel in other lands, for then 
I should be satiBfied." 

Fains and penalties, oonfiscadons and impnsonments, were enac- 
ted and exocBted to prerent the ejected ministers from the ezerciM 
of their holy function. Ungodliness of every species overflowed 
the whole land, and it became the very fashion of the day to imi- 
tate the moat corrupt of courts in all its vicea. So sudden an 
overthrow of all that is righteous and good, is without a parallel 
'in the hiatory of an; nation under heaven. In all other instances 
the people have moved by progressive means from good to evil, or 
from evil to good. Bnt here it waa otherwiae. E^ligion in a mo- 
ment hid her beauteons face, and was confined to a few destitute 
followers of Christ, who met on the mountains, or in cellars under 
ground, and were even there pursued and discovered bj the abet- 
tors of persecution. These were the most unhappy days which 
the Engliah nation ever knew with respect to religion. Never bad- 
there been auch a general contempt of God, snch baie&eed and 
Hhameleaa Impiety. Ungodliness and unrighteous«eB& of every 
kind prevailed as they had never done before. Even the Tery form 
of K«li^on was hooted out of the nation. In short they seemed 
to strive on every hand, that the name of God might be entirely 

The bigotry of James II, who was educated m all the fooleries 
of Popery soon brought thinga to a crisis. Aiming to restore the 
Papal power, he lost h!a ciown. Hia successor William, as he- 
owed much to the Puritan party, secured to them the inestimable^ 
blessing of liberty of conscience ij the act of toleration. The 
Archbishops Tillotson and Sharp wfth other respectable charact«rSr 
their cotemporaries, did much for the reformation of the land. 

The king himself became a member of the Society for the pro- 
motioB of Ohristian knowledge, founded in 1699. The societies 
for the reformation of ^manneni, which received the SHf^wrt of the 
Sovemment, and the private VaUry Societiet, formed throughont 
.the kii^om, nndoubt^ly f^ve a check to thatdisnpatiov of spirit, 
that practical Atheism, and that perfect looseness of moraie, which 
had » eatirely pervaded the whole land. But ttiese very Socie- 
ties conid Bot prodnee vital religion, as long as the great leading 
truths of the gospel, the doctrine of original nn, the justifioatioD 
of the sinner by £uth al<ne in the neiita of Christ, oommnnion 
with the Savibi, were Bot er«dited, or at least not enfoioed. Thej 
needed a revival themseWea, before tbey ooold beconw salutary for 
tihe Ohnrab at la^. 
A revival took place at iwt, brMight ^xtot by an Msodfttioft «t 


frsolapn} Modante. In 1739 JU* HWw, Ob). Wt^^Mitfi^ 
Herrej, Wkhefield and adwr BtodMris at tta «ii*«vatif m Oxfiai^ 
mftde ft ceveQaat, to promota r^oioi] MBong tkeBudTCB, I7 aocnJ 
nadii^ of the Nmr Tratamuit, b; llutUU self-^Mmmadon uid 
THiionB religtsoB ezerdBeB, inoladiiig the obummoe of &Mb of tlM . 
Ancient Choreli every WAdnesday and Friday. They were fifteott 
is Bwaber " all of one liwrt and of oa» mmd," and liie influence 
of this imall band of anxions inqoiien wm mon felt in the Ye^ry 
SociatieB and in larger dreteH. 

Also in Pmms^hania, amc^ tke 100,000 degtitute Geraana^ 
lAiae heMhemam and uttev in^ffevenoe fvevailed to a fearfid ex- 
tent, there were some at koat, who not only denred a regular min- 
istry and eoclesieslical o^aaiiaticasi, but above all more jwactical 
Christianity. Having gone to the wHdi of PesBiylvania for noiv 
acienoe sake, they felt deeply grieved, that among the comparative' 
ly Bmall Slumber of profesnng OhrigtiacB so little was to be fonnd 
of ^t "oharity, which envieth not, whioh vstutteth not iteelf, is 
not puffed op, whi<di beareth all things, believeth all things, hopetlt 
all things, endnreth alt things." 1 Cor. 13. 

There were in Pennsylvania, amMgat the great number of ann* 
inal christiajiB, amongat the indifferent and nogodly, people whe 
had esperiam«d the, power of the Spirit of truth on their own 
hearts and could well diecem the gold from the dross. There were 
fiuthfiil aoala ben and there, deairing the Commnnion of the 

ThoB we see, how in different countries nearly at the eam& time, 
by the aeeret working of the Spirit of God a preparation was made 
fur a new woik of grace, a new developement of practieal chrixti- 

However God " who bath chosen the footiah things of the world 
to confomnd the wiae" 1 Oor. 1, 27, did not make use of the I>oo- 
tora of Kvinity, or the learned profeaBora of Germany and Eng- 
land to regenerate laoguiahinff Prot«Btanti«m ; but, aa in the begin- 
ning of the Church, poor fi^rmen and publioana were the mes- 
aengera of Chriat to the whole world, ro alaa in this work of grace, 
to which the Brethrcn'e Charoh traoea her origin, the humble and 
the lowly were, in the hand o£ God, the first moving oame. 

Whilst the Chnrches of the Reformation had fallen into formal- 
in, and wen satisfied with doetnnal orthodoxy, the Ancient 
Church 0/ the Brethren, the resnlt of the Siavonie Reformation of 
Hubs, was a^nrentiy destroyed, blotted out ftom the face of the 
earth, ubkI only remembered here and there as aometiting pant and 
goite forever. Bnt whilat their Chopches were bnmed, their villa- 
ge) Vere dmtroyed and thonauids had finished their days in exile, 
atdl lAieTe was left in the aid«t of Popery " la afflicted and poor 
people, sod they trusted in tke name of tke Loud." Zepfa. 8. 12. 

About a hundnd yaan a&u tl>e dattraetioB ef tiie Moravian 


Mid Bidiflmiui CkoTohea the Lord in mercy minted tits prMemd 
Med uid at the same tame, when in Oermany, Eogluid and Amw- 
ioa people began again to " seek the Lord and his Btrength" 
(Ps. 109, 4.), botlL in Bohemia and Morayia a mighty rorival tooii 
^ace, especially among tJie ScbneiderB, ZBiebergera, Jaschkea, 
Nitsohmana uid other bmilies of liie old Moravian stock. 

Oar spuw doe§ not permit ns to go into partioolare. Snffioe it to 
ny, that some of these, having heard from Okrittiem David, *■ 
converted Catholic, that in Saxony there lived a pious Oonnt, by 
the name of Zinzendor/, who wae (uixioug to win bouIb for Christ, 
did not confer with flesh and blood, bat suddenly resolved to leave 
die land of bondage and Bpiritoal darkness, and seek salvation for 
their sonls in a more oon^nial atmosphere. Others followed. ^ 
BermhTtt was founded in 1722. Hermhut was peopled not by 
Moravians only, but by seekers of the truth from all parts of Ger- 
many. On the memorable 13^ o/ Avgwt, 1727, this congn^tion 
of anxious inquirers became, by the oatpouring of the Spirit of 
love a congregation of tme disciples of the Lord, and soon the 
measengers of peace went out from there to OhristJans and benight- 
ed heathen, and the Lord accompanied them with demonstmtirais of 
die Spirit and of power. 

The work of grace began among the hamble and onleamed, 
spread to the seats of learning, to the courts of princes, to the 
mighty and the noble. Whilst on the one hand opposition both 
frtmi the worldly and the clergy was not wanting, still the ranks (tf 
the Brethren were soon filled with men, who with genuine piety 
ctHmected a thorongh theological education. We see, the learned 
professor and the homble mechanic ; the nobleman and the peasant, 
working hand in hand for the same object, — the promotion of the 
kingdom of Christ. The mere record of some of the principal 
names of those, who formed the Unitas Fratmm, will show at a 
glance, that neither 3ohemta and Moravia, Oermany nor Eng- 
land may claim precedence in this firUemal Union. 

Who would not cherish the memory of our Moravian Fathem 
Father D. Niteohman, Chrution David, Bishop David Nitaohman, . 
Alatthew Stach, Melchior Zeisberger, etc., ete. 

Conneoted with these apoatolio n^n, and working hand in band 
with them, we might name many of the nobiet of the land, snoh as 
Gonnt Ziniendorf, Count Benss, Frederic von Watteville, von 
Oersdorf, Count Promniti, von Beidlits, etc. 

That there was no want of loeU-eduealed men among the found- 
ers of the Church becomes evident, if we only point to the follow- 
ing divines : Spangenberg, A. M., professor of Halle ; H. Hehl, 
A. U., and WMbltnger, A. M., professors of Tubingen; Peter 
B(ehler, Oammerhof, Clemens, GrraS, Lembke, I^yrita, theologicB) 
stodentB of Jena; Potycarp Mueller, professor at Leiprig; Abt. 
Beinke, BryBelioa, Ondin, Swedish divines, etc. Not to forget 


aHAKAOnaunoB ov the bbktbhcn's obdboh. 228 

Huiin M)d Leouhard Dober, the pottem, we)l versed in Hebrew 
and eoclesiutic&l hutoiy. 

Of the miniBters of the OhunA of Ehtgltaid, who entered the 
Horaviau Ghuich, we mention especially John Gambold, oar first 
bishop in England and one of ti^ association of Oxford Btodenta 
mentioned above, also John Gennick a friend of Wesley and 
Whitefield, John Rogers, et«. Jamea-Hutton and Benj. Latrobe/ 
a baptist, also deserve to be remembered. 

Many more mightbe named, bnt these mostly well known names 
will suffice to show, that the principle acknowledged in onr Provin- 
cial Synod of 1847, declaring "Uiat we can recognize hs true 
brethren none whose views are wholly Americanized, Glermanieed 
or Angleeised ; that we are resolved to know of no difference be- 
tween such as are natives of this country and such as have been 
bom in Europe, and that our motto is and shall remain : " One in 
Obrist Jesus;" — has been eSeetoally carried oat for more than 126 
years, and directly ' refers to the peeidiM- origin of ike Unitat 

Levin T. Rbicbkl. 


No. 1. 

In the " Fraternal Messenger" which has now become a month- 
ly Periodical of the British province of the Unites Fratrum, but 
which has only lately come to our hands, we find since September 
last a highly interesting Series of Papers on tlie charact«rieticB and 
spirit of the Brethren's Church, for some of which we hope, a place 
will be found in the pages of our Miscellany. As we do 
not deem it essential to observe tbe same order, we propose, with 
the permiseion of X. ¥. Z. (the to us unknown author of these 
esBajB,) to caU Pap«r No. XI, the last which has come to our hands, 
No. I, of the American series, smd will further take the liberty, 
now and then to add a few notes of our own. The attentive read- 
er of the preceding article (the Brethren's Church, No. 2.) will 
need no further introductory remarks, but will with ooreclves hard- 
ly be satisfied in perusing tlie following paper only once. 

First Ihfrsbsions. 

Each Revival, we are truly told, is a return to first impmnou 
and first principles. The question therefore arises, what wen tike 
firat impres^ons by which the first priudples of gospel trutb gav« 
animation aud power to the Brethren's Church at tee time of her 
lenewal in Sazoajr 1 


K24 cauuuonctianai or •mt BsnmoB'a vaaam. 

When we rand the iiaiiory of ihoee daj«, and ttAoit on the dif- 
fienltiei which tJiey had to overcome, the peneoatjoos which tlm 
wdirad, t^e a^-dnat&b which the; practned, wadt the indomitable 
racrgy with which, in all outward distteeB aod povertj, they proi- 
ecuted their ain, we ebidl cm-taialy be oonvinced that no onujuurr 
£eeiiagi sgitsMd their faearte, — iht.% Aej were guided by priiMoplee 
■which they sonoted dearer than life. The impfessicns and princi- 
ples which at that tdnie were "mighty throngh God to tJ»e otci- 
throw of Htrongholde," moBt, of aeoeseily, alwa^ maintain their 
coDBerratory power, or the worii they ereotad wiU wax feeble aitd 
omue to nought. " Remeiaber therefore from whence iboa art 
&lleu, and repent, and do the first works, or else I will come imAe 
thee quickly and retnore tbj caodlestick out of his place, except 
thoB repent." 

We believe, in ommon with all evangelical churches, that the 
sonroe of all wisdom and truth is the word of Qod. Every im- 
^eatton and principle most, if of value and abiding, be derived 
from thence. Thie truth esercisea its power upon aU reflecting 
minds, in all countries and climes, but in the diversity and infirm- 
ity of mankind, it appears in its different aspects more or less per- 
fect and varied. Education, circumstances, and character, each 
enable, or hinder us, to embrace the whole truth, or to embrace it 
only in part. There is milk for babes, and strong meat for men. 
Each truth, each virtue, like so many shining and attractive stars, 
claims and bolda fast, not only the attention, bntalso the affections 
(tf the beholder. Under these circumstances, one covets the um- 
plicity of the dove, but forgets the wisdom of the serpent; the 
other sits, even at Jesus' feet, in bitterness of spirit contemplating 
lamentation and woe, while another thinks it his duty to encumber 
himself with muiy things — untimely projects — needless perplexity ! 
Thus we see, even in christian men, divine truths and principles 
reflectedin endlesavariety, both foraud against the simplicity which 
is in Christ Jesus. It is the same in difierent churches and denomi- 
uatioDS. Circumstances and events have £scd their attention and af- 
fection more exclusively upon one truth than upon another. Where 
the very first primaplesof our most holy f^th have beeaattacked these 
first principles have been embraced by believers with new love and 
activity, so as to become their Shibboleth. Thus where truthsnot so 
essen^, but still divine, are denied, the champions of the fiiith em- 
brace those principles and fight for them with peculiar ardor. All 
profess, and all do believe in tbe whole md entire truth of scripture ; 
bnt as with individuals, soalso in churches, we find certain impressions 
and elementary t«iets, which, on account of their being embraced 
witb more lively apprehension, have become leading and guiding 
principles. Do we find any iodividnat or any churob titat can 
boast of holding all tratb in equal parity and power? Conld we 
affirm this of tbe Brethren's Church ? We do not. W« feel tfaat 

D,q,i,i.:dbXi00gIe ' 

we all know bvt in part. But we do affirm, that the circumstanoeSr 
in which oar BietATeD were placed, their long oppression imdei 
papal tyranny, the eufferingB which they endured for congoienoe' 
soke, and tk& eontradiction which they afterwards met with, even 
among proteBtanta, that all these tiials contributed to fix their at- 
tention and tSections unwaveringly upon the fundamental truths 
of religion^ and that these impressions and principles were of the 
highest and most essential character in regard to vital godlineaa. 

When we, tlierefore, speak of first impressions, we do tiot mean 
the fundamental truths of our religion as such, hut we mean liie 
peculiar and distin^ishing aspect in which the truth has been em- 
braced by its professors, and the influence which it has had upon 
their hearts and minds. We must make another remajrk before we 
proceed. £very society having for its object either a temporal or 
Bpiritual um, will express itself in its own words. And to express 
Uie same thing, its members will adopt such words as will suit 
their ideas, and correspond with the impressions which the object 
in view has made upon their own minds. Under such circumstan- 
oes, they will not hesitate to use peculiar expressions — new wUrds, 
or even give a peculiar meaning to words already well known. The 
Periodicals of different associations, both temporal and spiritual, 
prove this. We therefore prefer to state the flrst impressions and 
principles of the Brethren's Church in their own phraseology. 
Tb^ are only two words, but they embrace a whole system. 

The first is in German, " die arme STieadertchaJi," the other, ' 
" Ghtade." Suender»cha/t is a word which cannot well be transla- 
ted literally into English ; however, we approach it pretty nearly 
when we say it neans tiMnership, The Brethren nndentaod 
thereby what the Scripture calls a hrok&t and coatrile spirit, — the 
conviction of our utter insuffieiency and guilt before God. The 
word is not used to express the condition of an unconverted sinner, 
but much rather tiie tUUe of a converted eoul, who has found peace 
in believing. We find, therefore, in the first writings and sermons 
of the Brethren, that they addressed the congregation much more 
frequently as sinners than as saints. We find the word frequently 
used in a strange manner, for instanee, (we copy from the Confe- 
rence Minutes of the year 1776,) " N. N, has applied for recep- 
tion into the oongregjition ; we do not deem her fit — die must i«- 
come a timter," — itt other words, she must leara to feel her need 
of a Savior. The meaning of this t«nn is fully exptessed in the 
hymns of that time; for instanoe, "0 may I of my an^ness — 
Always retain aconscioDsneas ; — But not serve sin, — OGod forbid." 
And again, " Sinners we will remain — Of pure mind and contrite 
heart; — and many more which might be noticed to the same effect.* 

• Ian dD Dlidi bal dnr Snandaniiluft I n«iniiiclDArtitMDli«iuli««lt,iu.ii.anCi 

llaiiHtBi(ibI«liaDf»)ii«i>ii->.v.,I>JMigr. Wle kuo cin SusbiIr' In dn Ball, 

BmhUe bin UDd blDib kh iumer, QtM nablr^tUlg wriu I a. ■. *. 

IbRtaHlullliit nkMdt. Der iniH SMBdemtud (tu*. 

IklU^IBaiBfifallllBM'BlBDa', | IM J«ll Uh T««*IUlt, «, fc (L I llll^f 


'ShnnteObaofa, writing on the sune sabject, nyg, " This e;^prm- 
a«i deugnatea tbe genenil estimate fonned of man, acconlmg to 
hk diSercDt, apparently contradictory, qualities and drcunutanees. 
'It eipressea tEe mind of him who will not overrate his own j)ow- 
^a, hut who will, at the same time, endeavor toatt^n to &ehi^h- 
■-' e of happiness poedble. We find in this word tiie pnp- 

4»ple, to be content with the lot asarigned la i« in cue™ respect, — ritf 
have patieTtce toith ourtdven, — to be Jvjit to ourselves ; but, from die 
e principle also, t* actnowiedee ourselves guilty before Him, 

in wh<Me 

presence tl 

Q innocent : and likewise, aeeord- 

ing to circnmstances, before onj brethren, and before all men. 
This knowledge of self is, among tie Brethren, an active influen- 
tial principle, for the promoticm of their happtTtesi, in the whole 
body as well as in each individual member. It is an eitraordinai^ 
conception," he adds, " to build morality, Hanctification, and boU- 
nees, npondie arme Suenderschaft, tbat is the knowledge of oar 

Gnade, means grace. The two ezpTesBious became almost syn- 
enyinons in the vocabulary of our first Brethren* A comparieon 
may still farther express our meaning. There were two men, who, 
-by thdr own foHj)r and Bin, bad ruined their health. The one, a 
-student, had an inordinate thirst for knowledge, conpled with » 
'BbT>ng senae of ambition. Night after night be would dt up late; 
and to prevent sleep, made use of means certdu to rain his cmstj- 
'tation. The consequence was, that in a short time, while on(y 
twen^ years of age, a debility and nervous disease prostrated biiq. 
He had to abandon his studies, and place himself under the care 
of a physician. The other had led a life of dissipation, and the 
same resnlt followed. They had not much actual pain : debility 
and norvxniBnPss characterized their disease. 

The student came to see the folly of his life ; the other not 
The one knew his weakness; the other always imagined himself 
strong. The one spoke to his physician with becommg humility, 
-and gladly accepted the remedy offered ; the other still boasted, 
and rejected the remedy. The one learned patiently^ and even 
contentedly, l/o guhmit; ho sought and fonud rest, and by rest his 
be^th improved : the other made daily attempts t« follow his busi- 
ness; he would rise, and fall down exhausted; he would accuse 
himself of sloth and want of Vnergy; his life was a state of con- 
tinual torment. Botb were poor, and required the help and chari- 
ty of others. The one accepted the kind help of his friends with 
gratitnde and humility ; the . other with unwillingness and discon- 
tent. "Hic one suffered every allurion to his folly with submission, 


CSflUM^rilkSS&i Of fHX b&mukbh'b ohcrob. 227 

txti acknowledged his sin ; tUe o^er reseated ererv allasion to hU 
tiraDfigreseioiui. the iaclinations of both were still the same, but 
the one had seen the follv of bia way, and felt the better conae- 
qnencee ; he prayed aad fought against his evil propeneity, and 
gndaally recovered : while the other, who would take every oppor- 
twiity to gratify his evil lusts, fell deeper and deeper into a decline, 
and eventually died. 

In regard to the diseases of the eonl, this parable is self-evident, 
— it needs no further application. The impression of our utter 
inability and mnfiilness, which empties man of all self-conceit and 
pride, and reduces him to a level with the poorest among the poor, 
ms richly counterbalanced hj the imprcBsion which our Brediren 
had of the Gra^ie of &od in Christ Jesus. 

Difierent as men are by nature and circumstances, whether sav- 
»fe or civilized, ignorant or learned, poor or rich,, depraved or 
inouAly edncated, the impresaioa and belief of our first brethren 
was, tiat, by reason of original sin, all are equally far and equally 
near to the kingdom of GJod; that all men need the same convie- 
taon and repentance of sin; and that ^e same &ith in Chrisfs 
atonement, the same change of heart, is equally necessary for all. 
" All are conduded imd^ tin," — " Acre 'is no differmce," and to 
all who will accept of it, the grace of God aboundeth. By this 
impresfflon they understood the first act of divine agency to en- 
li^ten the mind, and to enable a sinner to apply the promiscB of 
God, of full for^veness end pardon, directly to himself . By grace, 
the leilUngnf^ of Ohrist to supply all our need, and at the eame 
time the jWin'feye of all believers to take out of his fiJness grace 
for grace. The foil assurance of the forgiveness of sins, was 
grace; every good ^Itng, good thought, and every ability, every 
success, was grace. In Uiemselves weak, they felt themselves the 
stronger in Cbrist. Kd the conviction of guilt oppress them, they 
trinmphed In the graoe of Christ. "Who shall condemn? shaU 
Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the 
right hand of Qod, whoalsomakethintercesuonforus? Who shall 
eeparato UB from the love of Christ? Did poverty oppress thera, 
tliey were not daunted, for the grace of Christ would supply all 
their need. Did they feel themselves ignorant and unlearned men, 
they were not discouraged, for the grace of Ood would enable (hem 
to apeak words of wisdom. It is striking to observe what a light, 
joyous, and free reli^ous spirit animated them. Heavenly antici- 
pations raised them above all melancholy and religious austerity. 
Joy, happiness, and peace in believing — the liberty of the sons of 
God — characterized &eir religious feelings. All this had ite source 
in the full apprehension of the all-snf&cient grace of Christ. It b 
sirikiDg to observe the boldness and fearlessnesH with which they 
entered upon the most difficult and expensive undertakingB. Mis- 
oonarieB would leave home, g^ve up all that was dear to them on 



«uth, to tnvel to the most disUnt n^oaa, supplied widi <y6\j * 
few ^llinKS ! Men iritliout education, who could barely read, un- 
dertook to Team the moat difficult knguages, that they might l>e 
able to preach the gospel to the heathen — oMd ikey ttic^eded! 
These men would not hesitate to appear before the leaned and 
the great men of their da; ; to appear before kiagB ; to go in and 
«ut in the palaces of princes, with the most perfact confidence; 
and what is wonderfiil, eufficieot indeed to excite onr astonishment^ 
Bm^cesH attended their labors beyond all human calculation ! If the 
question were aaked, where lay the secret of this luJieiaHcy f The 
answer is; in the unconquerable conviction that jrace was sufficient 
for all their wants. Once feeling themselves ^tlled upon to any 
undertaking whatever, which had the glory of God and the salva- 
tion of their fellow-sinners for its object, no consideiation of tJinr 
inaufficieucy, weakness, or inability could hinder them. They be- 
lieved in the grace of God, not only for Ae fvrgiveaea of rint, but 
aito for their daily support and for Aeir temporai and fpwitual 
need. Grace was their safftciency for all things* 

These were the first impressions of our brethren in the earlier 
days of the renewed church. If the children do not resemble 
their fathers, it is because they havesald, "Wehave need of noth- 
ing," and forget they are "im-eicked, and miseraltle, and poor, and 
bhnd, and naked." In these latter days of the church, have we 
not adopted a faithless system of expediency which will not admit 
of our making "any attempt imless we seeourway in the matter?" 
Have we not lost sight of the word of him "w&i caanol li^' — 
'^walk by faith and not by sight?" If this be true, and we are 
found wanting, it is because we have fallen &om grace. Because 
we have lost sight of first impressions — our sinnership — our noth- 
ingness, — and the all-sust^ning grace of God. X. Y. Z. 

bearls cf all Uu iiiluJjil«il&— L. T, E. 



In 'puTBiimg buT i^ections upon die nD'Soori^ng %aii£6ciD'of 
■our Church we are irresiBtiibly led to -observe tie strong, mumstak- 
Able marks of originality which it proiUBeatly ^Mars, and 1^ pro- 
pose to take a rajad skrtck <ff the canaes of its peculiar poaition 
and of the adoption of the TBachmeiy employed in the conducting 
of its afiidra, that have led, nBiBt«ntionally perltaps, to its inaula- 
t«d and excluave character. 

No traces appear of its taking sprung from, -or of its having 
been reformed outof any of, the other great christian bodies. It 
bears but little affinity to them in its forma, usages and customs-j 
or in its fiindamental principlea, except those which must be com- 
mon to all true, evaagdical worshippers of the Trinity. And 
while happily there are seen points of resemblance in all such, in 
which we can join in ehristiaa fellowship, still it doea not present 
any particular leaning towards either of them. As the ancient 
Church of the Brethren could neither be seduced or driven into 
the amMtious and worldly Church of Rome, so ndther -could the 
modem and renewed Me affiMate with the Lutheran, the Itefonned, 
or the Church of England, notrnthattuading the Irequait endeayors 
made from time to time to amalgwoale our Chuni with Hbe -one 
or the other of them. It is strictly independent, standing essen- 
tially upon its own foundation. If it grows, it mnst increase by 
ifa own inherent vitality. K it withers, it will perish by itaelf. — 
It cannot lapse into any other body. It bears to this day, aa it has 
always done, an original, primitive, apostolical HmpEcity. While 
there is nothing in it uncongenial tothoae blessed with wealth, it 
ia pre-eminently the poor man'a church — and if the warm-hearted 
:fishermui, the learned tent-maker, or either of their laboring and 
inspired brethren should at this day appear among us, they wouM 
see little or no more pomp and ceremony displayed than that which 
prevailed amongst them while theysojonmed on earth— they would 
find the lowest and the highest, the fisherman and the mechanic, 
the merchant and the g^tlemaa mingling together without dis- 
tinction in our unoetentationa houses of warship. 

There is a spiritual calm, a heav^W repose perttuning to onr 
■Chureh sot discernible in any othw. The ignoble pursuits, that 
engroaa the world, of ambition, pride and greatness, and all the 
follies and heartburnings that follow in their tram have no harbor 

Neverthelese, from the failings inseparable to institntions nndet 
the care of man, whose nature it is to err, we have declined from 
a state of peaceful rest to a condition of torpor and Gstiessness vm- 
Ibecoming ta llie dis-^ples of Christ whose work is still unfinished. 
We present the appearance, especially in congregation-plaoes, of & 
notor returned in triwnph fron the oonfliot, reponog on his 1m- 



rels, after having dw tr oyed his eniQmiei. Iti mrk eeeniA locom- 
plitdiod, and all that is now reqnlied of the church is to keep ite 
little hooeehold in order; to dwell in peaoeful hopefiilaew in the 
midst of the Chorch militant while waiting to aaoend to the Chnrch 

The reasons for this peculiar e<wdilion appear not difficnlt to 
aooonnt for, though Uie causes lie remote. Our ancient Church as 
it existed in Bohemia and Moravia, liHig experienced tlie 'aevereet 
persecudons from the Church of Rome, when that Charoh wai 
Btrnzgling to usurp tlie primacy of the chriBtian world. Our 
Bremen then endnred the severest trii^B of peraeouldon, imprison- 
ment, tortoro and raartyrdom, the loss of wealth, of home, of kin- 
dred, — in B word all that the world holds dear, rather than deny 
the Lord and his traths. But they were finallT overpowered and t 
Bou^t safety in flight, hiding themselves in foreste, caves, and 
mountain fastnesses until they became well nigh exterminated. A 
remnant of this persecuted Church fonnd refuge on the eataiea of 
Count Zinsendorf, who seemed especially appointed by the Lord 
to save, protect and re-establish the AuthM, stricken band of our 
bleeding Chuich. Under the Count's kind protection tha eliles 
fonnd repose and the enjoyment of worshippii^' Qod in freedom of 
conscience. They were victorioua in preserving the Word of Ood 
pure and unsullied, and were rewarded for their trials by receiving 
an asylum of security and peace. Here they re-erected and renew- 
ed their &llen chorch, and wcrahipped their God in spirit, ri^t 
eousness and truth. Here the Chunui enjoyed repose. G-rataonsly 
had the flock been led by its ever watchlul, never deserting Shep- 
herd into green pastures, bv the side of s^I waters. " He abun- 
dantly fed ^em. He rathered the Iambs in his arm, and carried 
them in his boBom. He gently led those that were with young, 
sad the weary and heavy laden found rest for their sonle." 

Here tjie Brethren established a strictly religious community 
^ut in from tha noisy world : thev ctmstructed ^eir peculiar con- 
stitntioiiB, forms of discipline and government, whieh distingnisb 
.them from other christian denominationB, with the iuteDtion ot 
establishing a more pure and holy Church than then existed upon 
the eortJi. Tbeai mournful experience of the world contrasted bit- 
terly with the sweetness of repose, and naturally inspired them-with 
a deep love for their peaceful retreat. Their heavenly eontem^o- 
tiaiui ware undistorbed by the covetous ssj^^riwns of Man. Here 
were woven those corde, which bound them together in brotherly 
.Iqve and united them cordial^ with Christ the Lord. B«t this 
retarement in an earthly paradise oreat«d a tendencv to eiclusivc- 
nam which was also &vored by the state of Religion in Grer- 
BMUT, which wasastats establishiDent, whose policy confined the 
Brediren to oertun defined disbricts beycmd which they were pre- 
hilatfld from fbnuag oongnigattoat. Thvw wasexalusiveneBe foreed 



■jon them. Hiey w«re driven beok aponthemeelTes, and observ- 
ing'ttie iffiritnal doutli and unfmitfulnees prevailiiLg in the gbvera- 
tnent religion tb«j aatur^y and justly concluded that they were 
poBseased of a Chnrch of a more lively, holy, and apostolical savor. 
Thus, in the first place, esolnsiveneBg was the result of circoin- 
Btance§ over which they had no control. Their love of Christ was 
tmly permitted to manifest iteelf hy the dispatch of Bpiritoal am- 
baaMdorg over the land, the fmits of which can only he ^ty known 
in etaraity, also to die heathen world which was long left to their 
exctiiBive care. 

3o enamoared did the Brethren become with this condition of 
matters diat the plan became Intimately interwoven with all their 
ppoceediqffB, and in the course of time, as the Church spread abroad 
among other nations, their settlements were modeled upon this 
plan , and it became their predominating feature in the eyes of the 
world, which has drawn many erroneous conclndons therefrom. 

Onr great communities are bir from the turmoil of the world, 
away among the gfassy Blopes" and valleys and smiling fields, wa- 
tered by cooling strebini* and Rpnrkling rivulets, encompassed and 
nvershulowed by wOivd-orowned hills. In these happy aeelufflons, 
while we fc4|^ thepotaps and vanities, the troubles and vexations, 
of the vorld in soft" and gentle tranquility, we learn also to 
forget the stern work -yet before ua — ^yet before the Church of 
Christ to aocomplisb — that the hosts of Satan remain unvanquished 
and stride the earth in proud, disdaiafnl defiance. They are to be 
eouqoered; the great captain of oar salvation has entrusted this 
work to his followers and demands of them its performance. Until 
this is accomplished the signal for tranquility wiH not be sounded, 
They are but loiterers and deserters who retire from the conflict, 

liis withdrawal of our Church from the world, however, calm 
and delightful in itself and desirable in manj important respects, 
has rendered us an inefficient Chuteh in diffusiDg the gospel widely 
into civilized society. The incarceration of the Church in excln- 
nive communities in this country seems like diverting and restrain- 
ing her from her legitimate sphere of usefulness and christian 
enterprise. It is opposed to the gospel sobeme. Would the apos- 
tles have succeeded in establishing the KingdMu of Christ by such 
a method ? No^ they wereexprewly driven out and scattered abroad 
for this purpose. What would have boen the effect if all other 
denominations had thus retired from the busy scenes of the vorld 
and lived this Bemi-monastio life ? It would h«ve been to plunge 
the world again in heathen darkness ! And why have we more 
right thau others to pursue this course 7 Could the Infidel and the 
enemy of Christ, which all are by nature, desire anything more ? 
all they request is to be left in the undisturbed enjoyment of their 
sins. They will never approach our qniet haunts to have them re- 


23a ooinnnnojKTiwr. 

Our tatj oongregfttioDa puiake of the natiue of tho fonntun 
from which thej have Bpmng. It a Toin to expect the ata«unB to 
differ irom their Bonice. The life ^ving power must flow from the- 
eeatra] heart; that mnst invigorate the extremities. 

It is a oauBe of rejoicing to ub that Bethlehem, our headquarters 
in AjDsrica, lias thrown itaelf open to the world. This ne loot 
upon as a great stnde in the right direction, and b among the en- 
eouraging signs tliat onr Chuioh in this oonutr; is destined to 
maioh. «n wards.. Her time of Kst by her own consent has t«mun~ 

We prav contmuaHy in our litauy for " open doors to preach 
the- ftospel." Abundantly haa the"ptayer been answered. Dootb 
have been thiown open to as on every hand.. How many instau- 
ees oan be named where the doors have been entered ? It becomes' 
ns seriously, b* a Churuh, habitually making this prayer, to consider- 
if we caa render reasons that will be acceptable aad sufficient -to- 
God why we have not embcaced the ihi-itatJona. DoubtlesH there 
were reasons. But what wece they? Perhaps we had not themes: 
to spare ; ff so what were the measures taken to replenish our in- 
adequate raoJcs t Were the congregations informed of the fact and 
called upon to supply the deficiency ? Are proper meant adopted to 
meet similar emergencies in future ? Has tlie Church done all that 
•aa leuHOBably be required of her ? If not sha had better veil 
that petition, iii mouning, and pass it by in, »>rrow, until she is- 
ready to respond to all proper openings; for prayers mean some- 
tJnhgr and when they are granted if tne bor.ii be rejected, then the- 
displeasuie of the .Mmighty is justly incunud and bis favors need- 
sot be longer expected.. Then must the Church be content to re- 
maia under his displeasure and in. an- uuflourishing conditioTi. 

A. RC. 

The Bethlehem Female Auxiliary Miasioaary Society celebrated 
its thirty-fifth Anniveraaiy with a love-feast, on Whitsunday, the 
15th of May.. A large number of guests aud Iriends of the mis- 
sionary cause were in attendance, and the meeting(which was held 
in ^e large hall of the church at 2 P. SL) was addressed is Gng; 
lish and German by the ministers of the Bethlehem Oongregatjon, 
the brethren Samuel Bflnke and Lewis F-Kampman. The receipts- 
of this society for the last year amounted to ¥231 98cts, and its 
disbursements to fI28- SOjcts, Of the b^aace, $103 47icts, re- 
maining in the hands oC the Treasurer, the society has appropria- 
t«d J40 Ur the General' Mission Fwd' of the Brethren's Unity,. 
$80 for the relief of the- destitute negroes dependent upon the Poor- 
Fund of the Mission church at Ifew Fulneck, Jamaiea, and $30) 
towards- the support of the mission amongst the Mosquito Indians.. 


Extract of a Utter from. Br. G. A. GumotD, of the V. E. C. 

IteAH Br. Sehibl : — 

Accept my heartfelt thanks for yonr friendly letter of Harcb 
the 6th, in which yon sent me aixty dollara for the poor erangeli- 
cal christians in Krabschuetz. This gift of brotherly lore coming 
from such a distance will, I am aitre, qnit€ aBtonieh and humble 
those dear souls, and be to them an evidence how &r the love of 
Christ eztends its arm. The liberal contributions from friends in 
Germany and England, tflgether with this donation from America, 
amount in all to over S28W). Seldom has a cry for help received 
Buch sympathy . 

le U) band, and b*v« been for- 

Letfer from.Br. A. HamiUem. 

Tbaining Scbooj., Antioua, 
Febniary 2d, 1858. 
Dear Br. Seidel:— 

I have much pleasure in enclo^ng yon a copy of the fifth 
report of the Training School, which, if deemed suitable for a 
place in the " Miscellany," may interest some of our friends in 
America. The proposed extension of the establishment, will we 
trust meet with 'approbation, and secure for us a share in their 
kindliberality, and prayerful remembrance, for until properly quali- 
fied natives are raised up to sustain and extend it, now can the 
church of our Savior be regarded as naturalized in any region? 
especially in the hot climates of the earth, — for, (not to mention a 
number of coiuideralions which press on our mind) just reflect on 
the late mournful losses the mission has sustained in Surinam. 
But we must seek lateness of heart, and extend our vision men- 
tally to Africa, where the darkness of ages broods over an oppress- 
ed people; and remember God has given us the commission to send 
the remedy, and the promise — " Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her 
hands unto God." Permit me dear brother to solicit jour kind 
advocacy of the Training School, in the " Miscellany," or other- 
wise, and present to the dear members. of the Provincial Board my 
affectionate and respectful salutations, and in particular to yonr 
dear femily, and believe me, dear brother, always 

Most affeotioBately yonis, ■ - 

A. Hakilion. 
- 3* 


K^ yeat^ t^Mt of ^ bJieA %^retft '^^r^itg WiOiAM 
OedariaO, Anttgua, for 1852. 

. Ouiiw the paat j«w th^re haa bM^ b^ . little... Ts^ty in 
Ibe. espen^ce of the LutitutiOQ to give inkiest to & report;, jbi 
cjnhleiii has been the quiet Sowing broolc, rather. thtuL.tbe foafpihg 
torrent. Let it be rem^ber^, though the. latter iqay be. njore 
picturesque, the former is usually more deep, clear, and waters 
more fertile fields. , , , . 

, Although we are consdons of many (tefecd« to humble oe, t^ere 
hare been to the praise of the LortTs goodoe^ aome toi:enB of 
His approbation daring the year. For seren months. While the 
director was absent in Amenca uid in Europe, the establishment 
waeoonduoted with the greftttiBtonler ««il.teg!Dd»iity3 bQthtf»ch- 
ers and pupils were most exemplary in their attention to. the daties 
assigned them. The institadou attracts legs notice than at first, 
with regard to vidtors. Nor is this in all respects to be r^retted, 
for the injudicious remarks we have sometimeg heard from visilorB, 
(even of praise,) in the beAring of the boys, have caused as pain. 
But quite otherwise has been the iuflnence of such vidts as those 
of Mr. Bryce of Glasgow, who spent a short time in the island, 
during the early part of the year, greatly lo the encouragement of 
^■yery oenevolent work in the island, several of which he liberally 
aided. , 

The present beiiig a time of great activity in the world, we too 
feel c&lled on to nit2:e additional efforts for the extension of our 
Redeemer's kingdom, especially when it is remembered to what 
great extent darkness and vice prevail in tropical countries. We see 
uie necessity of training up properly qualified native agents for 
the work, and are convinced that the gospel can only be con- 
sidered as properly settled in a couiitry where its ownpeople 
become its faithful teachers andpreacbers. And how can a Cfhiireh 
be self-supporting till it has its own educational eatabliahmcnts in 
which its teachers can be prepared? We trust therefore that our 
friends will, with God's blessing, sustain us by their prayera and by 
their liberality in our proposed extension and enlargement of tiie 
: visit of the writer to maiiy of our 
Lmerioa aiid in Kurope, it is belieyed 
[lat assisted, for after mature deliber- 
esolved tq take stms preparatory, to 
in about two yeapiTjencej by adSng 
■ the present primary oopj'se of in- 
h thirty-five, the ^;I1 extent of our 
have received this year four new pn^ 
pils, but at the same time we hava to i^gret. ihe dismissal of one 
of f>ujild^^i^ from failure of health, or ratlier the appeaiaaco 
of diMMe, making in all at the eloee of the yev twen^-ei^t 


5^ft ijnjtfie i^M^- "T^o ^ore Art li^jsifwed Vt fk&i oitlst 

_ Ajpoor Hindoo boy from Madras, one of flie c6olie§ iiiijoried 
into Demerata found hia way to this ielbad. We were constralbed 
by com^esion tofakehiffi on trial, and kept him n^rlj four months, 
but were reluctantly compelled to part wil3) iiiiu as uusoitttble to 
become a regular pupil. 

In conclusion we wonld still lake courage and 6e^ gn^c^i dMljy 
to obej tlie toreeepti — "la the morning sow thy seed, and lu the 
evening wijjhliold aot thy hanld, for thon knoweat not Whether shall 
.prcisper, either this or that, or whether both shall be (dike good," 

Allan HAim/roN. 
Antigua, ]>ecember 31st, 1852. 

"Vfe vroMld draw the att^tion of onr readers to die fntereali^ 
remarks contained in the fbTlo^tig kttor. 

From Br. J. Kagel. 

IJOHTBKAU, Jaly 14th, 1«S2. 
Dear Brother : — 

I was much iiiterested with jour account of the great ethibitinn 
in London, and more particularly with your report of the eSirte 
made by yarious Christian societies to proniote Uie spiritual wd&re - 
of the numerous visitors, by (Beaching abd by the distribution of 
Teligions tracts. If these efforts have not teen crowned with m 
direct and obvious success as the preaching of St. Peter on the day 
of Pentecost, yet we trust that feelings sitnilar to those experien- 
ced by the hearere of the Apostle, have been awakened in many a 
heart; for the Word of Ood dhsll not return unto Him void, but 
it shsJ-l accomplish that which He pleaseth, and it shall prosper in 
the thing whereto He sent it. Nor will the Lord withhold His 
blesFung from the ihithful endeavors of His servants assembled in 
Evangelical unions, Miiustere' conferences, et«.; and especiaUy 
those oobneoted with "the Inner Mission," intended to bring the 
l^ospel of Christ to all classes of society. I feel assured that more 
v«nld h^vc beeiieQeoted already, had die spirit of the Goqiel been 
suffered to operate with greater freedom ; but by too rigid views, 
b^ loo striot adheranoe to things of secondary importance, and by 
ptfty •{nitjgrwt obslMles have been placed in its way, Throngfa 
lioft iuttoh inlmUtiMi will the Gtixank of Christ have sdll to^itn, 
befoK.flhfl willlMve leatnt diis linportaBt lesriOn. At 'th)j mfiit 


time it 4ppean to me, tlut the Miaaioiuriefl of >11 duutimn i»- 
nominations have gready fiuled in this respect, and that the pro- 
grew of the cause of Christ has been much impeded therehj. As 
Boon as by the preaching of the Oospel a uumber of heathen were 
converted, the MiBsionaries have been generallj too eager to apply 
the forms brotuht from home ; and if the natives submitted to Ix: 
moulded into t£ese, too much BtresB has been laid on the effects 
produced. Bat to teach them our peculiar forms of worship should 
not be our chief aim. The first object of a Misidouatj should cer- 
tiunly be to make himself acquainted with the language, the man- 
ners, the way of living aud thinking of the nation to which he has 
been sent, asd afterwards to act with condderation. It is impossi- 
ble to labor successfully among a people whose nationality one has 
not thoroughly studied. Few Misdonaries have been impressed 
with the importance of this task; a David Zeisberger among the 
Indians, a Williams among the South Sea Islanders, a Guetzlaff 
amons the Chinese, and others have felt it, and have endeavored 
to realiie it, and not without success. A Misnonary may live for 
years among a heatJien nation, aud yet he may see no restate of bis 
labors, becanse he remains a stranger to them, and they to him. I 
assure you, myself and my colleagues make daily experience, that 
we are &r from knowing the Grreenlanders as weshould wish to do. 
I would not have yon think, however, that I consider this knowl- 
edge as the only requisite of a youthful Missionary; still it remains 
true, that though he may be full of zeal, if this experience be 
wanting, be will meet with great difficulties. 

Onr dear br. Kleinscbmidt continues in blessed activity in our 
newly established Training-school, and manifests the greatest inter- 
. est in the progress of the Institution, He has acquired the Green- 
landisb language to perfection, and there has scarcely ever been 
either a Missionary, whether German or Danish, who has entered 
so deeply into the spirit of it.* It would be remarkable if it were 
reserved to our Church to carry the message of peace to the inter- 
eating Mongol race, to whom the Cospel is still comparatively 
strange. Our brethren in Australia will have to contend with 
many difficulties, and will require much grace and wisdom from 
above, if anything is to be eftected. Yet it must be a great com- 
fort to them to find akindfricndand counsellor in your dear brother 
the Governor of Victoria. Our expectations to hear something in 
reference to br. Miertsching and the Arctic Expedition have been 
hitherto disappointed. 

As for ourselves, we have to thank the Lord for the measure of 

* Br. KlcinKhmidl U ibe author of a Grammnr. of the Gnenland lan- 
guage, which is acknowledged bj conipeteat judges, to he the beat Ihat has 
;«t been compiled, i-nd which hu been talely publjjili^ at.tua own risk, bj 
«i] eminenl boak«eller in Berlin. — Ed. Ftr. Act. 


HKgathASTr. 23T 

health bestowed upon ns, and which haa enabled ns to perfoim nnr 
severally allotted duties withont int«rmption. With the exceptioni 
of that unbappy feature in our Mission to which reference is bo 
often made, the dispersion of the Greenlandera, no impediment haS' 
been thrown in our way. I often think, thatif we improTed more- 
fehhfully the opportuMfieB we enjoy, we should sec greater remilts.- 

BbiTing been left almost alone for six weeks, we have again a- 
good number of Greenlanders around ub, and are enabled lo hold' 
meetdnge with them. Laet Saturday, we celebrated the Lord's- 
Supper to wliich ordinance 141 eommuuicaHts repaired. At dUe 
speaking previous to it, we were rejoiced to trace the operation of 
the Holy Spirit in the hearts of mai^; in some, however, we could' 
discover bnt little evidence of the IJ^ of God. 

Idst autnmn, the Government mtui^-party which bad been here 
the year before, returned again, and succeeded in discoveriag somfr 
copper-ore, and also a little silver, on an island in the neighborhood 
of tiie Colony. The winter being mfld, and comparatively free 
&om snow, they were enabled to work without intermission. The 
copper-ore procured is ealcnlated to be worth 12,000 Danish dollars,. 
. and has been conveyed to London. Time must show, whether 
Greenland will become a second California !"' 

Or Weekly Leaves, commrmiiated hy ike U. E. C, in Berfhek- 

dor/,/rrmi Feb. 27lh, to Mat, 2isi, 1853. (No. 9—20.) 

1- Rudolph Kcelbing 
writes from Gnadenthal qnder date of January 7th- 

The principal force of the rebel Hotteatota appears to be collec- 
ted in tie Zuur (uountaine, not far from our station Bnon, whichi 
k theieby placed in a oritical positiun.. Single marauding parties 
of these Hottentots have advanced till to the town and committed 
depredations upon the gardens of our brethren, and yet the neigh- 
boring farmers harbor the ungrounded suspicion that Enon favors 
the rebels. The congregation there was, however, enabled to hold 
a quiet and blessed celebration of the Christmas holidays. 

Br. Gyun informs us that up to tlic commencement of tJie pres- 
ent year there had been no disturbance of the peace in.Shiloh, and 
' s there were well. 

kas ceased to be a military post, and has therefore bees restored ia 
•ur biethres as the prop^y of the mission. Notice has been ^ven 
to the English who took up their quarters there during the war^ 
ihftt wililin two months time they must Snd other places of reek- 



ieiaee. The greater pttrt of the Hottentota fanaer\y belonging ttf 
Shiloh have auirendered themeetves Dp to the English : the meo 
are to be kept in confinement a while, Bscrimiuale; but the women 
have returned in a large body to Shiloh, where they give oar 
brethren much uneaaineas, as only a lew uf them appear to be truly 
penitent, whilst the moat display an uneubdued and insolent spirit, 
Br. nnd gr.. Daniel Sohsarf. who had gone with a company of ohil' 
dren from Shiloh to tinadenthal, arrived with their charge at the 
latter place in safety. They were accMupanied as fer as Enon by 
br. and sr. BonatE, who took a prosperous journey to the sea-^oast 
for the purpose of maUns purchases (which conld be obtained 
cheaper there than at Shilon, where, in oonseqnenoc of the devod- 
tatiouH occasioned by the locusts, great acaraity prevailed), and 
then returned again t« Shiloh in good health and without having 
met with any harm by the way. The field and gardai frnita of 
our Missionaries at Shiloh were totally rained by the locoats ; the 
Cingoos, however, saved a portion of their harvest. 

Br. and bf. Luttringhauser were on the point of starting for 
Europe, taking along with them a number of children to be placed 
in the schools at Klcinwelke. Thedeparture of our late br. Tentsoh 
and the termination of the Kaffir war have rendered it neeeuary 
for us to introduoe some new regulations into the present amnge- 
ment of things upon our South African miemons ; and onr breUi- 
ren there have requested that a yisitatioD might be made to that 
country on the part of the U. E. C; wherefore our br. Breatel 
has received an appointment to that effect, of which he has accep- 
ted in humble dependence upon the Lord's assistance. We com- 
mend both him and his dear partner, who will accompany him on 
his journey, to the prayerful remembrance of the niemb»s of our 

A aomber of new preaching places have gradually been opened 
to OUT- brethren io Gnadcnthal. On the 10th of February, the 
oorner-stone of a new chapel and Hchool-hcose was solemnly laid at 
Twistwyk, 2} miles from Gnadenthal, and many of the members 
of the latter congregation were present at the ceremony. 

2. Br. Wullsohlsegel in a communication from Paramaribo of 
the 18th of January, gives ns the intelligence that & small house 
of worship lately erected in Annaszorg on the Warrappa Creek 
(where a new misuon-station has now been established in the most 
populous and healthy part of the colony, and to which the negroes 
from a great number of pluitations have access) was solemnly con- 
se<»«ted on the 13th of January. Br. W. writes : "It was a day 
which the Lord had made, — a sweet and blessed festival. May the 
impresfflou thereof be lasting ujwn onr own converts, and also afon 
tte heathen negroea who witnessed the solemnities." In thft 
afternoon 18 persons were baptiied into the death of JeeuB. On 
tite 7th of January, br. John Drechsler was solemnly preeenlcd 


iritb a written ordinadon to tlte office of a deaaon in the ohnreh of 
Uief United Brethren. 

At Kleiiiirelke, oa the 26tb of Maii3h, the widowed br. Staake 
WAS omtedin nmrriaoe with the single Biet«r Hennetta Hauechildt, 
Hid on tiie .^ of April they had an interview with the U. E.O- 
On the 28th of April br. and sr. Stanke, in company with br. and 
BT, I&eodora Cram, set sail from Neuwendiep for Suriaain. 

The wldofted sr. Joanna Sophia Baa, late (j^issler, and br. Her- 
man ClemenB, arrived safely in Parimartbo on the 2d of March, 
(after a voyage of 5 months,) and on the 30th of the same montb 
the former was t^era tmited in maniage with the widowed br. 
££a8 Matthew Ban. Tho widowed sr. Voigt, after eerving long 
and futhfoUy upon the miMoon in Snrisam, has left that conntry 
U» return to Europe. 

3. The single br. Jens Paulsen Juergensen, of Ghristiansfeld, 
and tJie Bongle ar. Ohrietaanna Antonia Qloeckler, t«aoher in the Kleinwelke, have been called to the mission in Mosqoitia. 

4- From br. Ludwig, of Bridgetown, Barbadoes, we learn that a 
fire broke out in that. place <m tke 17tlt of Febroarf, bnt onr mifl- 
non buildii^, ttiot^h not iar from the scene of destmotion, were 
maooAj preseirea from hsrm. Frequent incendiary attempts 
nave rince been made, and as the town appears to be in constant 
daB|;er, ovr brethrGD and atsters there reqnest an interest in our 

Br. and n. Thomas Leopold Bodbao set sail from London on 
April 7lh, in order to return to their post in Barbadoes; br. Bod- 
h(un haviBir on the 10th of Maroh {nvnous been ordained a presby- 
■ tar of the Brethrens' Churoh by br. Seifierth, at Ockbrook. 

6. Br. J. Qottlieb Mnenier bos been called from the island of 
Barbadoes to the station at Bethel in St. Kitts, and br. Conat&n- 
tiiie Bobert Uaeder, fivm Uie latter place, to the island of 
Antigoa. The single br. Edward Zippel, has received a call as 
teadier in the normal school at Cedar Hall, Antigua. Br. George 
Edward 9eidet, misdooary, destined for die island of Barbadoes, 
was united in marriage to the single sr. Maria Caroline Engeler, at 
Nendietendorf, on Maroh the lat, and on the 10th of the same 
month br. and sr. S. had an interview with the TJ. E. C. 

6. Br. £ndermau, of Friedensthal, Santa Crui, has informed us 
of the solemn eouseoration of a new mission ohurch at that place, 
on the 20th of March. Besides a numerous assemblage of hearers, 
htaexceUency the governor general, was present, and the peace of 
God wasifelt in the meetings which were held on that day. 

7. By accounts frvm Jamaica we reoeived the intelligence that 
tiae new house boilt for the assistant sehool in Fairfield, has been 
sokmnty dedicated, and that the Lord's grace and the people's 
syaqiathy in behalf of this institution were manifested upon the 
ooeasiou. Br. Theodore Sonderman and br. and sr. Lind landed 



vaitAy in Kingston, Jamaica, on the 7th of March, after a tet&OM 

■voyage of 13 weeks; and on the SUi of March, br. and bt. Snler, 
from Antigua, arrived there also. Br. Seller wiJl fill the post of 
•our late br. Spence, as warden, in Bethabara. The widowed at. 
Spence and br. and sr. George Heath had set Bail for Europe. 
Br, Heath's impaired etate of health making it necessary for lum 
to try a change of climate. Br. Van Deunt, the former aadBtant 
■of br. Spence has gone to North Ameriea. (Br. V. D. arrived at 
Bethlehem early in May, and haa eiace left again.) Br. and sr. 
Westerly, of Antigua, were likewise obliged, Str hMltb'a sake, to 
make a voyage t» hurope, and arrived in Ixindon on tke 3d of May. 
5. Br. and sr. Friebcle, who had been engaged in the miBUon 
amongst the negroes in East Florida, have returned to Sal^n, N. 
C, where thej superintend the little negro congregation in that 

9. Br. Ernst Herman Plitt has been appointed to eacoeed br. 
Henry Levin Reichel as inspector of the seminary at Oaadeofeld, 
and is at the same time to have the students under his spiritual 
anpervifdon, whilst br. CharleB Henry Goetz, teacher m the semi- 
nary, will, as co-inspector, have chafge of the economical concerns 
of that institution. Br. John Theodore Geissier, teacher in the 
paedagogium at Nisky, has been called to become ^teai^er in the 
seminary at Gnadenfeld, and br. Alexander Glitsch, who lately 
returned from Sarepta, where he had been employed in keepng the 
town school of that . congregation, will enter aa teacher into the 
Unity's School at Nisky. 

Br. Ernst William Croeger has, in cosneetion with Hs office as 
jniaiater, been called to become the Congregation Helper and Mar- 
ried Choir Iiaborer of the congregation at Hermhut. Br. Theo- 
philue Emanuel Riallard, who was but lately appointed laborer of ' 
the single brethren at Gnadau, has received a call as assistant minis- 
ter ana school inspector at Hermhut. Br. Bemhard Michael 
Christoph, teacher at Neuwied, haa beoi ealled to fill the post of 
Single Bretbrens' Laborer at Gnadau. The widowed Br. Dorothea 
Stanide, of Hermhut, has heea appointed Laboress to the Widows' 
Choir in Zeist, where she was introduced to her charge on the I6fh 
of April. 

On the 26th of April the angle br. Francis Emil Seidel, warden 
of the c(«gregation at Hermhut, was united in maniage to the 
single sr. (Marietta Amanda. Kelling, of Gnadenfreyj and on the 
28m of the same month, br. and sr. Seidel had an int^^ew with 
the U. E. C. Sr, Ida Uttendarfer, teacher of the school at Gna. 
denfrey, has been appointed first teacher of the girls' school in 
EberBdorf. On the 7th of May, the bra. Matthiesen and Cnnow 
paid their respects in the name of the U. K C. to the new miniBter 
of spiritual a&irs in Dresden, Mr. v. Falkenstein, and commended 
our oongregations in Saxonj to the continued favor of the goven- 



11. Br. Btehmer, home nuMiaiiuj in BnniEwick, having, ot 
'ftocount of ill health, requested to be relierod fmtn bis labors in 

that cause, br. John Henry Berking, of Nevdietendoif, has been 
oalled to sa^ly bis jdaee. Br. Berking will oomume as hereto- 
fore to visit 4n the district of lippe. Br. Charles Andrew Nau- 
hauB, teacher in the UmtT^s boya' soiiool at Nisky, has been called 
to serve upon the home misnon in Farther Pomersnia, and ht. 
Frederick Sohaefer to fill a «mtlar station in Wuertemberg. 

12. From the F. E. C in Oidibrook we have received a commun^ 
icalion, dated April 8th, informing us that br. J. William Lawton 
of Fairfield has been appointed" Wuilen of the congregation at 
Graoehill ; br. John Lee, teacher of the school at Fnlneek, succeeds 
br. Nathadffil Eea, as laborer of the angle brethren's choir in that 
place. Br. Charles Lewis Schwarz, minister of the congregation 
in Tytherton, was orduned a presbyter, and br. Joseph W. Carey, 
minister of the congregation in Bristol, a deacon of the Brethren's 
■Church. Both ordinationB were performed bybr. John Rogern— 

the former taking place at Fairfield, on the 13th of February, the 
latter at OckbroA, on the 29tb of Mareh. 

Br. George Moxon, pastor of the Ktlwarlin congregation, was 
married at Galverly, on the 1st of March, to the single stater Su- 
sannah Matlalien. 

The cent^mial jubilee of our Hemlnaries of learning at Fulaeck 
was solemnly kept on the 3d of May; the brethren and sisters of 
that congregadon, beades many othOT in^viduals who had there 
received their education, participated in the festivities of this 
blessed day. 

13. Departsd THia ura — On the 25th of February at Herm~ 
hut, the widowed sister Ann Elisabeth Q-raf, m. n. fienkeL, in the 
6dth year of her age. She had served with her late Jiusband on 
the mission in Surinam. 

On the 12th of March, the maaried brother Jacol) LensKntAiel, 
a Bishop of the Brethren's Church, and eongregation.Jielpar «nd 
married choir-laborer at Hermhut, in the 7&th year c^ :bis age. 
'Our late brother, who was for some years a member of the Elders' 
Conference of the Unity, was greatly esteemed, both for his ohrie- 
tian character and his superior gifts, especially asa preacher. By 
the publication, in 183S, of an interesting little work, mtided 
"Historische Naohricht vom Bmedeigesangbaoh," which he com- 
jated with the help of the late ht. John Putt, he rendered a Wu- 
able service to the lovers of Hymnology. 

On the 20th of March, the widowed brother Jacob Jeremiah. 
Youlhure, formerly injector of different schools and 'Secretary 
to the U. E. C, in the 7eth year of his age. 

On the 26th of ManA, in Ebersdorf, Uie widowed Kster Joanna 
Christiana Henrietta Albe, m. u. Atier, in the 4lBt jear of her 



Age.' She had labored with her late htuband unoiigst our scattered 
brethren and ustetB in Wtiortembei^. 

On the 8th <^ Haich in Bristol, Enghnd, the widowed aJBter 
Maiy Eliza Sland, m. a. Colline, in the B9th year of her age. She 
was formerly laboress of tlie widow's choir of the Bristol congre- 

On the 2lBt of March, in Salem, N. 'O., the widowed raster 
Katharine Strohle, in the 79th year of her age. She had served 
with her la.te hnghand in a nnmber of our country conffr^ations. 

14. On the 2d of April, the widower br, Samuel Christlieb 
Reichel, ia the SO year of bis age. Since the year 1808, he had 
held office in connection with the tlnity's EJdere' Conference, being 
«ecretai7 of that board till the year 1821, and from that time, for 
-a period of 31 years, member of the Warden's department. In 
the course of the year past, he was compelled, by declining health, 
to resign his office. Of the many esteemed servants of the Brelli- 
ren'e Unity, whose translation to etwnal rest it has been of late 
mir province to record, few have been as variously gifted as our 
d^iarted brother. In originality of mind, in soundness of jodg- 
ment, in extent of literary and scientific attainments, and, above 
all, in the clearness and depth of Us financial views, and the abil- 
ity with which he carried them out, he was superior to most of his 
<!ont«mporaries. He was, at the same time, a powerful and per- 
suasive speaker j his discourses, whether public or oougregational, 
aeldom failing to make an impreaaioB on the hearle of his heaiers- 
The simplioity and cordiality of his manner proved generally at^ 
teactive to his brethren of every degree, while die diligence, ability 
and faithfulness with which he performed every duty, "as to the 
Lord and not to men," procured for him universal respect. His 
varied and important services, rendered to the whole Brethren's 
Unity, from the period of the Synod of 1818 to that of his retire- 
ment from office, will be always gratefully remembered. 

15. Br. Samuel Reinke, successor to our late br. W.H. VanVleck 
in the office of aewor Minister of the congregation in Bethlehem, 
arrived at this place witi his family on the 26th of April last. 

Br. Ambrose Bondthalcr has taken br. Beinke's place ae Minis- 
4er of the congregati(m at York, and br. John Regennass occupiew 
br. Eondthaler's former post ah Minister of the cwigregation ia 


Tee subjoined letters from South Africa will be fonnd to con- 
taia a variety of intelligence, of which the most important and 
welcome feature, is tie hope— apparently a well-grounded one — 


SOUTH Aimio*. 24S 

^t the Kaffir war will soon be brought h> a oonoIunoD, and that 
the needful measnres may, in conseqaenco, be taken, for the restor- 
ation of our mined, and the re-occupation of our deserted, eastern 
settlements. Meanwhile, both Shihh and Enon continue to be 
exposed to severe trials, — the former mainly in consequence of a 
riaitatlon of locusts, exceeding in deetrucdveness any that ha» 
been known for a period of twen^ years. The tabors of the hus- 
bandmen have thus been rendered fruitless, and the promise of an 
abundant harvest utterly disappointed. At both atations, much 
distress prevailed ; and, but for the bounty of Brethren and Chris- 
tian friends at borne, the prospect would be dreary indeed. Our 
dear feUow-servanta rely, however, with confidence on the willing- 
ness of their British and otber benefactors, to afford further help, 
if necessary, wben the present supplies are exhausted. 

Among the noticeB of a more cheering kind, are those of th» 
awakening which appears to have taken {dace among the tnembers _ 
of the congregation at Clurksou, composed chfefly of Fingoos, and 
the erection of a new and larger chapel at HoutJcloof, as out-etati on. 
between Genadendal and EUm. The zeal and liberality of the 
good people residing in the immediate vicinity of tlie place, are 
truly eneourapng. Br. Koeibing's account of his visit to Cape- 
Town and transactions there, will be read with much interest, as 
will also the brief report of the out-post of G<edvtrwacAt in the 
Ceder-bergen, where a real work of perceptible among both 
old and young. The narrative of the eoflveraitni of J&s«pA NaMn 
and his wife Salome, the first fruits of the Mission at Shilob, and 
the letter of their son John, a pupil in the Training Institution at , 
Oenadendal, to one of his former teachers, af&)rds satisfactory tes- 
timony to the power of tlte Gospel, and the benefit of Ghrialiait 
education. Like llie Fmgoo-.^w Ztoelibame, John Nakin is a 
hopeful candidate for usefulness as a schoolmaster and evangelist, 
in one of our eastern settlements. The accouHt drawu up by 
Nicholm Oppeit, the Hotteotot teacher at Clarkson, relative to the 
last illness andliapi^ departwe of one of his pupils, ia alike eredi- 
table to his head and to his heart. 

The appointment of br. Kuehn of Genadendal aa aaeistant to 
br. Koalbing, in the superintendence of the Miraon, with specisl 
reference to its temporal concerns, calls for fervent intercessioii o» 
Hi behalf, which will not be withheld. 



Extract of a LeUer Jrom Br. C. R. Eielbinff: 

GsNAfiEKDAL, Oct. UHl, 1852. 
Dear Brothw : 

Thih week, beudes my ordinary buaiiieaa, I have undertaken 
Ae girls' school for br. Ktiehn, who is gone to Cape-Town. I am 
glad to haw thia oj^rtnnity of Beeing for m^sdf, better than it 
aut be done hj ezimiiiatious, how the sohool is oondueted, and how 
the children are getting on ; and I am very much pleased, both 
with the arrangements and the [sogress of tXie pupils. Br. K's 
sjRtem of teaching la very effective, io' two pointe, on which I lay 
mooh stress — vis. imparti^ a knowledge of the Swiptnres, and 
leading the young people to acquire the bftbit of thinking for- 
themeelvea; and they are in general attentive and industrious. 

My visit to Cape-Towu, of which you will find a more detailed 
report in a letter to the Mission Boaid, was a very interesting one 
to rae. The sitnation of the town, between Table-Bay, with its 
shippii^, and the grand Table Mountain, is very ^oturesque. Aft«r 
BO long a reudence In oar secluded village, it wm [deasant to me 
' once again, to behold something of ciyilised life as it appears in 
cities, but still more, to see and converse with, many Christian 
friends and ministers of various denominations. I was happy to 
witness something of the nature of an Kvimgelical Allianoe in the 
In&nt-School Union. About 1,200 childien, one t^ird of whom 
were colored, assembled in one church; they belonged to the schools, 
of the London Mieaonarv Society, the Wcsleyans, the Scottish 
Church, and the South African Society, als.i to Mr. Stegman's, or- 
the Apostolic Union for singing and prayer; and' they were ad- 
dressed by several ministers. I was also called upon, and conld 
not refuse, to say a few words. They marched with fi^ to the 
Government gardens, where they sung the National anthem before 
the Lieutenant governor, were addressed by him, and received 
oranges and cake. This shews that something ia being attempted 
towards improving the Christian character of the young people in^ 
Oa{>e-Town; yet, notwithalmuling all t^e effitrts, you will see on. 
the Sabbath^y numbers of oLildren, especially in tlie outskirts, . 
running wild, playing, gambling, and doing every sort of mischief, 
offering still an extensive field for ragged schools and home missions.. 
How much has been- attempted towards the conTersionof the 6,O0Ch 
Malaya, I un. not able to tell; ceitiunly little has been effected^ 
Tbe-a<^(H»l people attending churoh are Hottentot!),, negroes, or 

II wailed' on. the lieutenant-governor, Sir H: Darling, with Mk. 
Juriti.. His Excellency was very kind to me, and spoke witbi 
muoii' commendation of our misnon'schools in Barbadoes and! 
JftTflffj ^ i ft , i^ei£ ia has held official situations. The oHiw. anthorn- 



4ea, ikt X^Xxitmy-gfBeal Mr. Portei^ the CiiUwtiT q£ QqdBn^ 
-ISr. iFidd, the Swrefor-gCiierolMr. Bell, jp«eme aaolwafital^S 

Deoembw 9th. 

I oordiall}' subseiibe to ever; vord of die teBtimeny jcm^>eut 
to the oharaeler ami quaMcftUous of our late dear uid rypected 
br. TeatBcb, to his devotednesa to the Lord sod Sit oonse, aod tlie 
BQCceaa of his l^oiein JKe Tineyard; while I thank youmueh^ 
jour good wishes od behalf of us who are left b^und. We tire 
eenEdble of our own weakaess aod imperfeetiixiB, but rely boiablj 
on His gracious Bssistance and the guidtface of His Holy '^irit. 
You will have heard that I have be^ appointed Preddent of the 
Directing Oonference, with the meeiai auperinteDdenoe of the 
spiritual conceniB of the Mia^on, br. Kiiha having the tempord 
-afiairs committed to his -mare imiaediate muiagement. May our 
Master accept aad bless our feeble ^ideavora, to counsel and help 
our dear fellow-serrauts, and to promote fiis work. 

The following extract ia from a letter from br. Bmata, dated 
Shiloh, September 15th : < Many of oar people axe at present sof- 
fering from bilious fever, by means oS which a very excellent Fin- 
goo sister, a communicant, departed this life. Hm funeral took 
place the day before yestraday. When it was over, the husband 
of the deceased, also a communicant, said, wiQi many tears : " My 
dear wife has gme to the marriage-feast of the Lamb." In re- 
flecting on the spiritual condition of these people aa it was twaity 
years ago, when I first came amraig ttem, I cannot but be struok 
with astonishment at the great ch^ige which has been Wrought is 
them by the grace of God- At that time no one, not even' tlie 
nearest relatives, would toiich a -dead body t or dig a grave, much 
less attend a funeral. Kow they wash the body of Uieir own ac- 
cord, clothe 'it decently, get a coffin made, dig the grave, and-attend 
the funeral in great numbers. 

The various donations from friends ia Europe have now reached 
US, with the exceptiou of one box, moatiy containing books. We 
-desire to repeat our expressions of gra^tudf for these offenngs of 
love, which have proved a very seasonable help. Of the woolen 
blankets, sent from England, I have distributed a good many 
amopg the Kngoos, who are most thankful to rec«ve iSem,' 

Nicholai C^eii, the Hottentot teaeher at ClaAson, in a letter 
"to me, dated I5th of May, 1852, eives the particulars of fte edk- 
fying death of a school-b^, of wbich the following is a literal 

" Last year, a Hott^itot boy, calUd Christtam. Latoack, died 
here of dropsy. He was one of my pupils in the ia&nt«riiool ; 
and I may give him the testimony of having been a ditigeat, obe- 
dient, and attentive child, and one m whose word I could always 
'depend. Previous to his illness, he went one dm with his notber 



ta Ae fium. Betiming axmts our monntun, he ma w&lkiitg oo 
4 small foot-path, rnsning along tiie carriaee-Toad. Obierriiis thii, 
his mother said to him ; ' Come here, ChnHtUn ; this road 18 con- 
venient and olean ; on the foot-path some makes may be concealed, 
and yon cannot see veil before yon.' ' No mother,' he repUed, 
' UnolvNicIaa (thos the Hottentot children call generally the &dolte 
of their nation) tells ns at school of two roads which lead to eter- 
nity ; and most men choose the broad one, becanse it seems to be 
convenient and safe ; hot at ibe end of it is an abyss, into which 
they &1I, before thf^ are aware of it, and than they are in hell, 
and lost for ever. Bat those on the narrow road, thongh they have 
their trials here, come at last to a beantifol place, and are in hea- 
ven, and happy for ever.' ThoB oonversing, they had not pro- 
ceeded very far, when his mother stumbled over a stone, and was 
near blling- 'There,' he ezclumed, 'does mother see nowf 
Motlier will not believe 1' During his lato illness, it became very 
evident, that the Friend of children was carrying on a work of 
grace in his heart. One day, a woman, who is since dead, came 
to ask his mother for a mece of bread, ffis mother was unwilling 
to give it her, saying, that she had only a small jneoe of bread fiir 
her sick Ohrielian. 'Never mind, mother,' he said, 'pray give it 
her.' When the woman had gone, his mother sud to him, ' Ton 
know how difficolt I find it to procure bread for yon, and you wish 
me to give it away.' ' Mother,' he Bud, ' when I was on Baas 
Plessis B farm, I and his little son fotmd a nest, with little birds in 
it. The young birds lay and cried, and opened their bills. We 
pitied them, and went into Hie Kraal to collect wonns, and came 
back and brought them. They eat, and when their mother re- 
turned, they had already had their meal. Thus, our dear Savior 
tan easily stir up a kind man, who will have compassion on me, 
and bring me a piece of bread. And, indeed, on Uiat verv day, 
not long after this conversation, a boy came with half a loaf of 
bread and some meat, which a peasant woman sent to them, willi- 
ont their asking for it j so that before he called, the Lord answered ; 
and while he was yet speaking, the Lord heard him. I conld re- 
late many similar incidents, but my letter would become too long. 
A week before his departnre, when lying in hu bed, he repeated 
several hymns, among others, ' My Savior, idnners doth receive,' 
etc. He then prayed aloud, for himself, for his mother, and for 
the salvation of all men, with such fervency, tliat all present were 
melted in tears by the power of hb prayer. After this, he called 
hit mother, took her hand, tmd said, ■ Mother, mother, do yon also 
pray?' TloB, he repeated twice. She replied, weeping, 'Yes, my 
child.' He hwkea at her awhile, and said agun, 'Yes, mother, 
do pray 1' The iriiole of the last week, he spoke but little ; and, 
on the Sunday Mcrwii^;, he felt gently adeep in Jeens. He had 
to snffer maoh ; fi>r several rnontm be was confti»d to his bed, and 


80TITH AWltCA. 247 

ftt Isat was deaf and blind. But he now i%«l8 from all Ub snfier- 
inga. He was eight or nine years old when he departed.' 


iFrom the MUdora-Blatt.) 

We commanicate a letter from a papil of thia school, called J<A,n 
Nakin, addressed to a missionary who had retnmed home Bomo 
years ago. This John, Nakin is & son of the first oonple of con- 
verts at Shiloh : — 

When the station at Shiloh had been established in 1828, a 
heatlien, called Mallekat, and hia wife, came to settle there. They 
were of the Baseutn nadon, inliabiting tlie other side of the Orange 
river, a barbaroos Ration, among whom even feasting on hnman 
flesh was not nncommon. A Ci^re chief had carried them off as 
captivea, and tbos they had come to the neighborhood of Shiloh, 
and had settled at that station. Thia was Uie Lord's doing ; for 
tbese naked savages, who knew nothing of their Creator, and mnch 
leas of their Savioor, who in thdr ignorance resembled wild ani- 
mals mncli more than hnman creaturea, were to be the first in that 
place who were taken in the net of the Gospel. 

The Word of Life was preached ta them bj the misaonaries, 
who were able to make themselTes nnderstood by the new comers, 
as the Bassntn langnc^ ia only a dialeot of the Caffre, and the 
Lord opened the heart first of the wife, as he did that of Lydia, so 
that she learnt to know herself as a sinner, and Jesus as her 
Saviour. After she had made a public confession of her faith and 
expressed her ardent desire to become the Sayionr'a entire property, 
she was baptized into the death of Jesaa by br. Lemmertz, on the 
€tfa January, 1830, and received the name of SahvK. This was 
the first baptism at Shiloh. JKalkkai was iikewiae apprehended 
by the grace of God, and was soon after bap(iBed> receiving in bap- 
tism the name of Jbtepk. 

Now they are both national asustanta, and are laboring among 
their comatrymen tn great blesdng. Theyoondder it a high privi- 
lege to be permitted to assist in £e work of gaining sonis for the 
Lord; and when they bear tesdmony of the graeeof God In Christ 
before their conntiymen, they may say wiu troth, "I believed, 
and therefore have I apoken." 

But what a di^rent a^KJct has their ontward life assumed since 
they have become Christians. They brought nothing to Shiloh, 
not even a piece of clothing to cover their nakedness ; and now 
they possess more than 50 he«d of cattle, a fiock of at least a hnn- 
drea ^eep, a well-built house, and a oonnderable piece of gromd, 
which nwiunis their iodvtay witb •bundant frnit. They are row 



ia oomfcnlable dienmsUaoes, ud we ■eenotemed to hftUte of £li' 
j^enoe^uid aotiritj, experiencing 1^ tmtli <d the notie : " QDdli- 
nes8 is profitable unto till things, having promise of the life that 
now IB, and of that which is to come." 

J<An, the writer of tlie following letter, mm bom to them at 
Shiloh, and hinparenta dedicated him to the Lord in holy baptiem 
in earl; life. He showed, from the first, good abilltiefl, became 
an excellent pnpil in the di^ school, and is at preeeiit receiving 
edneation in ue trainiBg school at Genadendal, ^r his fatnre des- 
tinatiou as a teacher. He is now eighteen years old. 

"My Dear Teacher : 

"As an opportmiity ofiers, I feel myself construned to write, 
and tell yon how I am getting on. Four years have alreadv elapsed 
nnoe we put«d, and have not seen one another. But I have not 
yet forgotten yon, my dear teacher. I still remember with grati- 
tude all that you have done for me, and especially the kiuduess and 
patience which I experienced from you at Shiloh. I was then fre- 
quently naughty and light>«iinded, and merited your punishment; 
but you had patieace with me, and gave me such kind admonitiona 
as I shall nevra forget. 

"I am now at <3enadendal, and have learnt tibere many things, 
of which I knew nothing before. O ! how shall I thank the Lord 
my Saviour for all Hia meroy, which he has bestowed uptm me in 
preference to bo many olJier children ! How shall I praise Him 
enough for giving me so many opportunities of hearing of Him 
who redeemed me, a lost and undone human creature, puichaeed 
and gained me from ran, from death, and from the power of die 
devil, with His holy precious blood ! Now, since I have known 
Him as my Saviour and Kedeemer, it is my whole purpose and my 
most ardent desiie to live for Him, and for Him alone. 

'■ I have also to inform you that the great and inestimable grace 
has been bestowed upon me, to partake of the Lord's flesh and 
blood in the Holy Cfmimimion. Who am I, iJiat I am permitted 
to have a. share in this blessing I I owe many thanks, and all my 
>a&otiona, to the Lord for tbis great mercy. Oh, that I mt^ always 
highly esteem my h^py lot ssd privil^e; and may he accomplish 
in me all His purposes of love. 

" That I am dest^ed to be active in the Lord's serwe, to aid in 
the instruction of the children, and to proclaim to others the me». 
sage of peace, I consider to be a great and importaat privilege. 
Some of my fellow pn^als have deprived themselves of this |aivi~ 
lege by unfaithftilnefiB, because they did not watch over their 
b^rts. Therefore, Z will pray to the Lord, that He may preserve 
me from sin, and give me the needful strength to live to Him. I 
«m well aware, that I often grieve my teachers by lightnundednesB 
•ad obstiuaqy, but I pt^ the Lovd to make me truly obedient and 


MisoxiXANSons. 24&' 

atteotiye. And yon^ dear teacher, do not forget me in your pray- 
ers, as I likewise often remembor you in mine. 

" In my lessons I get on pretty well, and I think I am making 
some progress in learning. Besides this, I have began to learn- 
the trade of a tailor. I am, indeed, only a beginner, yet I hope I 
shall be able to acquire it, 

"My fellow pupils, Frederick Armand and David Haae, beg. 
to be kindly rememberod by you, and they wish to tell you that 
tbey do not forget your precepts and admonitions. We al! desire- 
to be united to you hereaf^r, when the Uumpet of God shall sound. 
Until that happy period, we wish to femain one in spirit beneath 
the Cross of Jesus on Golgotha. 

" Dear teacher, I shall never cease to pray that the Lord may 
be with you, and grant to you and your dear wife an abundant 
measure of health. Receive once more the most cordial salutation^. 
from your grateful pupil. John Nakin." 


The following letter was written by the Eev- R. V. Bogers, 
dated St. James' Parsonage, Kingston, April 19th, 1868. It will 
be read with interest. 

A recent circumstance has introduoed to the notice of the Chris- 
tian public of this city t^e Moi«vian> Church ; and my conduct as 
an ordained minister of the Church of Enghtod and Ireland has 
been by some censured for suffering my pulpit to be occupied oni 
Good Friday evening, by a Moravian minister. 

The only point on which a questton oovdd be raised, was the 
Validity of Moravian Orders. 

The question is important, not only to me, against whom the 
charge has been made, but to the church at large ; beoanse if my 
view be correct, the field of Episcopacy is greathr enlarged and en- 
riched, and an alliance may be formed by ua with a church which 
has for centuries maintained so &rm a protest against Bomish error 
and ladtndinarianism in all its forms. Let me first remark, that 
die Moravian Chureh — so called from a province in Germany of 
the same name — is historically knowui as imtfrw fratrwm — the 
Brethren's Unity. 

Its antiquity is undoubted — taking its ori^n. A.. D.. 1467 — andi 
so it was a^ohuroh of martyrs and confessors long before the Reform- 
ation. Whilst this is die date of iteorigin, an union had been formed: 
between the Waldeuses and the Bohemians, a branch of the Mora— 
vian Church, so early as 1173, and as a united church has sent 
missions to Euglioid. This union continued about 200 years, wheci 
the jei^onsy of the Papacy was awakened, and persecution soatteiedl 



tbeae firm foes to Us Boul-destroying emm. Among the noblest of 
that army of martyra for the troth uncomiptad'bj Bomuli error, 
Bttinii John Huss and Jerome of Prague — A. Q. 1415. 

It was from tbu small remoaat of the followers of Huas, that 
the church now vuider oonuderatJon was formed. 

By permission of the King of Bohemia, and advice of Kokyman, 
Archbishop of Prague, this remnant settled in the principtuity of 
Litiz, a district on the couSues of Moravia and Bohemiii; and in 
1457 assumed the name of United Brethren; Gregory, a nephew 
of the Archbishop, being Patriarch of the Union. A fundamental 
principle of their union was, that the New Testament supplied the 
only mfallible direction for Christians in church discipime ; that 
all regulations not enjoined in the Word of God, or that could not 
be fairly deduced from it, were to be viewed as mere matters of 
espedicucy, and might be altered according to ciroumstances. 

Such a peaceful state as that which the Brethren's Church ex- 
hibited, was viewed with that jealousy which antJ-ChrisC ever feeb 
toward the prosperity of the people of God. Bome persecuted the 
Krothrcn, who were driven firom their possesaiona and exiled frouL 
their native land. Their asylum was the mountains and forests, 
the cli& and the recesses of the rooks. "In this situation, parity 
of doctrine and soriptuiai discipline were both preserved and ex- 

In 15ti6, at a synod ia Lhota, they set apart thvee of tha breth- 
ren, who were oi^ained by Stephen, a Bishop of the Waldenses, 
living in Austria: the Waldenses tracing the wiccesuon of their 
bishops from apostolic times. 

On the return of theu- new bishops, aootJier synod was convoked, 
and the first public act was the ordination of threo members of the 
church as presbyters — one of whom at the close of the session was 
consecrated hiahop. 

In 1500^ two hundred churches existed ; and the purity of their 
doctrines was recognised by the first Reformers — Luther, Melanc- 
thon and Calviu. &i prosperous was this church, that in 1566, one of 
their synods was attended by 17 Bohemian giandees and 14l>! 
noblemen, besides their bishops and members. 

About this time, the Brethren's Church tnnslated the Bible 
into the Bohemian language. 

A. D. 1570. — A general union took place between the three 
Protestant cammututieB — t&e Brethre% the Luth^ans, and the. 

Rome 8000; persecutes, and theae faithful men are onee more 

From 1624 to iTS2, — during which period, probably, more thav 
100,000 MoEaviaa Brethren and other Protestants escaped the- 
spiritual tftannv of the Church of Bome, and embraced the fceo- 
^>m of the truth of Scriptuxe. 


MIB0ET.IANEOr&. 251 

Id 1715, In England, we read of aa order iaBu«d for their relief 

hy the Privy Council. 

AmoB ComeniuB, consecrated fcidiop of the Bohemian and Morj- 
rian branch of the Brethren's Church in 1632, died m 1672. He 
published a hiatflry of thie church in 1649, which he dedicated to 
the Chnrch of England. The historian from whom I gather these 
CuttB, Bays: "Ih how Bingidar a manner was the proiidence nf 
God displayed, in trauBmitting to the Brethren's Chnrch a regular 

ordination Many of their settlements were planted 

in the English coJcaiesj they therefcre stood in need of an ordina- 
tion, whJM the most rigid Episcopalians in those colonies must 
acknowledge, that their administering holy baptiam, and other 
ecclesiastical functions, might be esteemed valid. Thus they found 
themselves u»der the Beeeasitj of receiving the episcopal ordination 
of their forefatherB in the braach of their chnrch which was now 
shooting up afresh- This ordination was acknowledged in Eng- 
land; although it was extinct in the last Bishop, Coiuenius, yet it 
existed in the Polish branch «f the Uiaty of the Brethren. 

In 1747 they were recogmaed by the British Legislature, and 
after a final invefitigatios of flieir chUms, obtained an act of Parlia- 
ment in their favor. 

In 174d anothw peti€oii wae preiented to Parliament, soliciting 
a strict examination ef the doctrines and constitution of their 
church, in order to obtain a full oonfirmation of their religious and 
civil rights, and a legd sanction and authority for their future 
undertakings In the British dominions. The petition was received 
and referred to a committee of forty-seven members ; the committee 
reported; a bill was introduced and passed nemme contraduxttle, 
on the 18th ApriL The Bishops, after reading the bill, had agreed 
at a meeting at the Arehbishop's, not to oppose the Brethren. 

On May 12th, after a speech by the Earl of Halifax, and one 
by the Bishop of Worcester, in which he declared the approbation 
of the whole Episcopal b^ieh, the bill passed the House of Lords, 
also Item. con. On the 8th of June it received the royal assent, 
and then was incorporated as a public act of (he legislature of 
Q-reat Britain. 

Among the privileges secured by the above act, I would mention 
the one most suited to my purpose. 

The Unity of the Brethren was declared to be an ancient Pro- 
testant Episcopal dhurch. Their doctrines diSer in no essential 
article of iaith from those of the Church of England, as Bet forth 
in the thirty-nine articles. 

I think no farther proof is required to establish the point that 
the Chnreh of the United Brethren is a church apostolically 
ordered, and consequently that any clei^yman, really ordained by 
her, can be admitted to officiate in our branch of the Chnreh ni 



Should any require more, I would refer them to Orsne on tlw 
Moravi&n Chnrch, or Historical Baoordg of the MoTftvuin Church, 
iiy Rev. H. KUneamith. — £pi«. Recorder. 

Ihnationt received ^ Rev. C. F. Seidd, lowardt Bohemian a 

I hereby gratefully adno^riedge the following dons tions, receiv- 
ed siuee those acknowledged in a former number of the Iif ieoeUany. 
From Mre. Tatem, Fhila. 15. from Miss Mary G. Howel, 91. 

" Miea Eliza Hugg, $5. Mr. J. Mattison td. 

" Rev. S. C. Strattoo of Clarkaborough t5. 

Donation in the May rnmiber, read "from a sister in Ohio, t&." 
Donatumt receimed by C'h. F. Sadel, rmct Ajyril 2bth. 
Liiiz, John Beck for 1850 and '61, 8. lichtentliEBler, '52 and '63. 
J'kiladelphia, Mrs. Lydia Frioke, A. B. Renshaw, H. Beck, Mrs. 
S. Winner, Miss Mary Bitter, Mrs, Tatem, Mrs. David, Mra. 
Molther, Miss C. F. Baker, Geo. fisler, M. Avise. 
Bethlehem, Mr. Van Kirk, '58, Dr. Martin, 5S, Mra. C. Sohropp, 
Fern. Mis. 8oc. '52 and '53, M. 

Nazareth, Herm. Titze, And. G. Kern, Jas. Henry, '58. 
Mount Bethel, Isaac Smith, 1852. Neieark, Mra. Ph. A. Goble.' 

Mr, Keppley, '51, Miss Agnes Snmmer, '58. 
LancQiter, Mrs. Sarah Eberman, '53. Eastmi, Mr, Baoher and 
Mrs. A. Rea, '63. 


We the undersigned, the committee of the congregation at Leb- 
anon, hereby return oar sincerest thanks to alt those brethren aiid 
sisters of Litiz, Bethlehem, Nazareth and Lancaster, who have 
aided us in defraying the costs of various necessary improvements 
on the Hebron eemetftry and on tie Church property Jo town. By 
"their kind assistance, we have been enabled to lay a pavement in 
front of the Church and to bwld a commodious stable back of it, 
whilst at Hebron, a wilderness of thorns and briars has been trans- 
formed into a lovely " acre of God." As we are the least among 
our sister congregation s, such proofs of practical love, on their part, 
serve greatly to encourage us. 

We would especially mention the generosity of the litiz congre- 
EHtion, and tender our warmest acknowledgmente to one of its mem- 
bers, brother William Rauch, for his fiiithfol and indefetigable ex- 
ertions in our behalf. 

May t^e blessing of the Lord rest upon him and upon all who 
liave remsmbered us in our need ! 

Chhistian Bxbm, '\ 

John Grxff, > Committee. 

£dh. db Scmweikitz } 

Lebanon, Jane 18th, 1858. 


m mm. 

XtEVttST, 1SS3. 

Memoira of 8r. I. Asboe, • • . 163 

ChuvcUmtics of the Btd'i ChaTch, No. '3; 367 

ChfivtUn DsTiJ, ... 371 

Letter from Br. Charlw Buatow - 377 

TsuDg Ladisi on Home MiMiolig, - ST9 

CircDlnr. . - ~, - a»0 

ProKTunaui of tbe Min. Conf. ■t'ltenlihut, 3S1 

HtHMllBneoug - - • - 283 , 

~ Notice, - - - . 184 

The doctrine of Hoi; Smptaiiei 

Ibe LoH'a 8a|ipei, . 
CoTDDiDnii^tion , ^o. tV., by A. B. C 

COMMUNICATIONS.— The Editor i»|iot to be oonwdered 
responsible ^ftir the opijiioae of his correspniidentB on enbjecte 
KspecAing whi< It the Church allowe & diversity of sentimeM. 



Appl; to " The Bditot or the Mo^»ia^ Cbnich MiscellBii;,"'it Bethle- 
hem : Also ; to Rb». Dmvid Bigler, No. 53S Houston bI. New York; 
to Mr. McMurra;, ITS Atlintic st., AthenneuiD Bnilding, Bra<iIjQ, 
(uid lo Rev. Bdm. v. Schweimtn No. 74 Race si., Philwlelphis ; 
^ Limcealer, oi at the Brelhren'i EitabHsbaienta at Naieretb, 
Litii, etc., PennBjIiHnla, uid Seien, North Carobni. 


^'OlbE ttOtLLAR A tCJAR. 


Jruo'W. BIU^ PuKtic Bnaufcai, Pi 



SfAZASETM HALL, Norlhamptm ft.., Penna. 

" PtuBting, . . . « 

on the Piano, iiuiwUiig tbi oh or Iiainwi 

" oiHtaViolia " « .. ' 

•••»■ ud Stadenu; tntnulied u tb« nnial prion. 



Ho. S. AVC11J8T, 18S3. TOE.. 4» 

No. 3. 

" Id commcM m^k all trae <%riBtiaHB, tlie calGi^ of the Sroth- 
ren's Clmi'tit is,* to be a frmtl^eariiig brsBOh in {Jhrist, the true 
vine; and her pecple to be Uvmg members of the body of Chriei. 
To this endJttsthe olsject oftheChorohifim^; of her regnktioDS, 
to preveat, as much bb poesi^Ie, die Mtrodnction or continuance i« 
her fellowafaip, of formal and dead members. 

"Judging from her history and according to her own de«lanitio«, 
her dMnetive coMing is : 

1. To prachtim t]ie Lord's death, that U, to hold /a*t as w^ as 
hold forOi, the doctrine of his atonement; 

2. To "coRBtitute a living congregation of Jcbub;" 

3. To offer the hand of kindness to true' believere of all denom- 
inations, and to aid them in the exeoutioQ of our SaTiot*s will, 
diat all his <&snples way be one. 

4. That each meuber should be ready to do tbevoi^ of the 
Lord according to the grace and ability bestowed upon tkem. 

To be truly " a United people, a witnea pe^>le and a devoted 

This definition of the dittmetifie ocMing or peevUar misBion of 
^e Bretkrea's Church, a^ giveH by the Editca- of the Fraternal 
Messenger, is in its main features in accordanoe willithe unaniroonB. 
deolaration of the Ministers' Conference (assembled at Bethlehem, 
1S&2) in reference to the rpecial mission of the Brethren's Church, 
Mid it might therefore seem a work of superrogation to say more 
abont it. But aa the subject is one of the greatest importance, our 
readers will no doubt permit us to state a few of the reasons wh]f 

• Vide Epilome of the History of'tbe Church of tb« Uuilin] Brolhred' 


■ D,q,i,i.:db,Google 

264 THE bkitb&en'b chobch. 

we believe la Bome reepeete to have reoeiTed from the Head and 
Ruler of his Church "a different oommiasioi) from Uiy other true 
and evangetioal Chnroh of Christ." However, in order to ezpluB 
our views satiafaotorily to ourselvee, we must be permitted to take 
oar illnstratioDs from the history of our Church. 

I. The peculiar misraon or extinctive calling of the Protestaot 
Chnroh of the United Brethren is, as fiv as our doetritte u concerned, 
"to pnwlaim the Lnd'e death, that Is, to hold &rt as wdl as hold 
forth the docto^ne of atoiiement,'" or in the words of oar worthy 
President at the last Conference, which were cheerftilly adopted l^ 
all the members present, " immoveabty to maintain the v?ord of Ae 
■crou, even amidst reproach and saffenng, and in times of departure 
from Christ only the more stead&stly to confess him before men," 

We well hnov, that this is the mission of every branch of the 
Church of Christ, that all ministers of the goepel ought to be " am- 
bassadors fbr Christ, beaeeohing their bearers in Christ's stead : Be 
ye reconciled to GJod" 2 Cor. 5. 20. But we need not go back to 
the Middle Ages, to be taught by the humiliating facts of history, 
that the word of the cross, the preaohing of Christ the craoifiad 
8avi<»r of the worid, has ofl^ been almost entirely neglected. Look 
at the rel^^ons state of Germany, France, En^and and the United 
dtAtes only 70 or 80 years ago. We will not draiy, that there weie 
here utd there, bithfol witneases of the truth, as it is in Christ 
Jecnu, who exerted a blessed influence in their immediate neigh- 
borhood, bat their voioee were not heard in the Church at lai^ 
Instead of Uu bloodbought riphteoiuneu of Jesus, hie ambassadors 
Moelumed a molality of their own invention. The Godhead of 
ChriBlt his vieaiioBB ncriioe, oiiginal sin, were reoMomi away. 
Neology, BationaUsm, Univerauism, Deism, Pantheism, Atheism and 
In£dwty prevailed to a learfdl extent. The highscfaooU of learning 
beeuaa this hot-beds of infidelity, and th& fearral result of a Chris- 
tiauty withoat ChriBt, as manifested in the reign of terror in France, 
showed plainly, that the word of the oroae had been bud aside by 
only too many of tiie ambassadors, of Cbriet as something not in 
keeping with the scientific progress of the enlightened eighteenth 

During, or immediately prece«Ung, this time of general apostaoya 
€}eaeral Synod of the Brethren's Church, convened at Barby in 
Saxmy ia 1775, gave the following declaration: " Our dear Lord 
and 8avi« has given us the special mission to proclaim the gospel 
*A his inowaadon,>u£renng and deathamongstchristian and heathen 
nations ; and we have reaaen to pray, that he may also in fiiture 
preserve unto us this peoaliar blmnff, that we may never become 
guilty even of the least deviation from it. Sor this reason we 
ouight never to foi^et our call of giaoe, why the Savior has brought 
us together and made us a cloud of witnesses. In these latter af- 
flictiag times, since repeated attempts have been made to extcrmi- 



aate in the Obiistiaii Clrareii t&e doctrine of the manifeetatioa of 
Ood u) the fleah, and of his meiitorious life, snffering and death for 
the propitiatioa of our sins, it bofaooTee us tlte more to hold fast 
the wonl of the cross, and to manifest bv oar whole walk and ood- 
venation, that onr hearts «k filled with genoine faith, that the 
knowleilge of his meritononssofiering has jastified, that his wounds 
bavo healed ns. 

" Withont giving up any article of christian doctrine, we stUl 
maintun as the fondamental truths of Christianity &e following 
four doctrines: 

a, the doctrine of ^ Abmanent and latii/cKtum made Jar %» hy 
' Jesra Chritt; that he was deliTered for our offences and raised 

^ain for onr jnsrifioatJon ; and that bj his merits alone we receive 
freely the fornveness of sins and sanctiSoation in soul and body; 

b, the doctrine of the univertal d^/rairity of man ; that there is 
no health in man, and that sinoe the fall be has no power whatever 
to hdp or save hunself ; 

c, the doctrine of Ae Godhead of Jetut ; that Ood the Creator 
of all things wafi manifest in the flesh, and hatii reconciled the 
world unto nimself ; that he is bctbre all thing^i, and that by him 
all tilings oonrast ; 

d, the doctrine of &e Sofy Spirit awi Oif, operatum of hitgrace, 
that it is he who woriceth in us conviction of sin ; faith in Jeens 
and purity of heart. 

" The more these doctrines arc oppugned and attacked in onr 
day, the more careful will we be to maintain them, and see to it 
that they may be duly acknowledged, declared and believed among 
hb. Imt we may know the only begotten Son of God as our Re- 
deemer, his Father as our Father, and the Holy Ghost as oor 
Teacher, Guide and Comforter." 

Here the que^tioHB naturally arise : IHd the Brethren really 
maintain the doctrine of the cross? 'Did they fiiithfiilly and boldly 
proclaim the Lord's death in the time of Rationalism f Were they 
the cuardians of the truth as it is in Christ Jesus, tie Savior of the 
world ? We might cite a Dumber of declarations from ministers of 
various protcrttant deaominationa, both in England and Gennany, 
by which thene. questions are uuswered affirmatively, but we deem 
it'snfficient, to communicate in corroboration of it, a Iett*r to br. 
Herbst IB Lancaster, which will show in what estimation the Breth- 
ren wore held in this country 66 years ago. 

Pkiladdphia, March 27(i, 1787. 
RaviBian PAiroa ! 

GmxiiiB FaitRD ! 

The TrustecH of the German High School (or University) 
to be erected at Ijancaalcr, would herewith request you; to offer up 
the prayer, which has lieen proposed in the programme of the sol- 


emn oomnienoeineiit (Jane 6tli) in the English laitgnag«, before 
the attar io the Lutheran Chorah. It vould be very grotl^ng, if 
yoa would eapeoiaUr remember the honor of our aaoroble Savior, 
as the God-Man. T\iA more in our corrupt timee the doctrine of his. - 
Divinity will be attacked, the more ought the eervants of Chriat to 
extol it on all oocaeions. Many, who rejoice, that now even a Q&e~ 
man UniTeraity is to be erected in PenoBylvania, still have their 
misgivingB and sigh in «eoret to the Lord : Lord Jeene I oh I that 
Tboii mightest be known there I For of what use would be all the 
improvement of science and literature for our Germans, if they 
thereby do not become GbristiaoB, but should rather be led deeper 
into a more polished heathenism. And because your oommnm^ 
maintain this article (of the Divinity of Christ) in its greatest pur- 
ity, it seemed advisable, to request you to remember the Lord Jesus 
in the manuer mentioned above. And we doubtuot, yon will cheer- 
fully accept this invitatwn, etc. 
Signed by Casper Weiberg, Thomas M'Keao, P. MihJenbei^, Dan.. 

Hiester, Joe. ffiester, Philip Wagmej, Will. Sheaff, Benj. Bush,. 

and Hesry Hetmuth. — 

Times have changed. Moravian miitietsrs do not etand alonr 
any longer as guardians of the trutb, '^he Deity of Christ, and 
salvation ^wl u& eternal by grace through futh in our Savior's 
merits, bleodehedding and death, — the precious doctrines of the 
Refoinukti«n, — the very doctrines &r whkh 100 years ago ths- 
Brethren were branded as heretics, — have again become the glory 
of the Ghnrclfee. There are- ^othful wiTr ..^aee of the truth in au 
Protestani. denominataons, who cheerfully buw down before Christ, 
the Diviite' Head and B,uler of his Chu]'(:li. The time of apathy 
atui indifi^ence ra past, and as tar as the preaching of the gospel is^ 
eonceraedy ajctivitv and seal ie certaiuly net wanting, nay we must 
&utbly confess> uat in th« aimy ef tb» heralds of divine truth 
we ore ncit is the vsuiguaFd an^ ouBe, but rather in ike rear. We 
. will not deny, that our owm loheKaHuness may have been one of 
the oaoees of this positioa^ bat stUl we see even in this the gradons 
lead^g of &e Captau of inx salv-dtaom. 

" While men slept, his enemy «am» -aad -sowed tares among the 
wheaV Matth, 13. While the aiobassadois of Chi^ denied their 
Master, while rationalism and infidelity prevailed among the shep- 
hetds,. th^r flocIiB not being fed. with, dke heavenly manna, 
imbibed the poison, and the conse<[ueaces are apparent in Ihe- 
whole chriattan world: die seed of the dragon had sprung up. 
Intemperence, licentiousBeas, protaaoty, dcseeration -of the Lord's 
day, and nnbluahing pantheism a^ abound in (Jirffitfan countries. 
It would seem to 4nany, as if the preaching of the gospel was not 
soffiictent in itself to break down the strongholds of Satan. Th« 
•zigenmes of the times would seem to require extraordinuymeana,, 



to «oiBteract the muiT evil iBflnences, whirfi prerrat tfae gnnrth 
of vitd religion and tke Bpreading of tnM Obriedamt^ Id nominal 
ChriBtendom. Henoe aooietdes have been formed of vftrioua kinds; 
puli^c meetlngB are iteld; monthlj and weekly pefea are muld- 
plied, and the master ^irita and intellectual ^anta of the fluid 
diroct their enei^es, their inftoenoe andeloqnenoe to the promotioB 
of this or that oause, in order lo befriend suffering hiunanity, to 
entigfatea the wnorant and to retdum &* vicious. We rejoice in 
t^ese signs of t£e times, we heartily pray for their Buccess, we in- 
'<£vidi]&lly take active part in some of ^em, according M the die- 
tates of our coneeienee, bnt as ministers of Christ in the Bre^ren's 
. Church, we have only one commisHon, only one calling, to preaeh 
€hriet the crucified Savior of the world at ^l tames and under all 
■ cinnunstanoea. 

May others, beside the general comnussioB of preacfahigthe gtB- 
pel, feel themselves called id particuhir, to promote the objects of the 
Tempenuioe eanse, of tie Snoday School Unioa, of tiie (Moniza- 
tion Sodety, of the Protestant Associatioo, etc, we deem it our 
dnty, not to suffer oorselves to be led awE^ by the pc^N^ar reli^ous 
movements of the times, and will rather be acoHsed of prejudice 
and narrowmiBdedness, than to leave the standard of the ctobs. 

Though " we legard every tmth revealed to as in ^ word of 
<}od as an iBvaluable treasure, and sinoerely beUeve, that the gain 
■or loss of life itself is not to be brought isto comparisoa with the 
denial of aa^ oae of them, efill thechief object, of which we speak, 
is Jesus Ohitst, oar Sa^or, Mediator aad Propitiation, who has him- 
self declared regarding the Scriptures, "they are they which testify 
of me." The Kord of the crow, that is, thfi doctrine of his atone- 
ment, is the cJiief point of our doctrine, and to proclstin t^e Lord'* 
iieath, we regard as oBe main calUng of the Brethren's Church."* 

We canaet refrvio iiom adding the beautiful explanation as given 
by the late Bishop Stengoard, during the session of tbelaet S^nodt 
*" By speaking of the v>ord t^ the cnm we mean our exposition of 
the christiaB doctrine. AU the occurrences which m'ay take place 
in our spiritual life, we include in this expresaon. Speaking of 
■»m we say : nn hnm^t km, ta (he troM; of Teamciiialion : — by 
Sm deaA mt ike <nmt we are reeonialed ; of ^atg iaito fin : — it is 
In the power of Sis -deaik on the croix. In the same way aanctiji~ 
•cation, love to Qod and the brethren, oar ieadiMg through Sfe, our 
iappy going home to the Lord, all iIhb we deduiA &on tte word of 
the cross and explain It by this word."^ 

'• VilB BnolM tt Um BnrHl of ilx DbHu Fntram tuit U Uarahot la IMS,-^ B. 
t "ItlitdcUjuami;, Uuitwailiiiuldl^'ttali mattar wriowlj to liMii wd nika K 
wir MifMit bMOHM to kBoir CSulit, la Ui pniDii. ofllm tot iMtn, atid not «df to ftti 
Oh pnar Omnol aanalFta. tat taitm U> bsfcn (nnbadr, ud lat na lapaitaDlto tl^ 
'#lnip»rtlHlluki>awl«l|{et€hIiuna tn othp», Thii l»U« Bhitf li wfiMH of ill a» 
■IHiImi of 3mm; tku IikTiac avit ttitm Md «nrt««l hii wm, tt«ateidl*Ti- 

- - MUMftrtkMthefc'iivf^UwiniiUiaDdFUttnilirijiMaiO&iMteiUHi-M^il. 


MinVuxit' Alnushtr SMUff 1 
Wortk; to be adw*! 
1^ aU, both BOW aad emry 
Ttuim ioiUb >ra blea^d indeed 
Who Thee embnee in biA, 
■ Aa Thov fot qb wHt kid 
U>» is the dost of dMth.— ^jwHMdai/. 

IL Ai tlw tiamd ohNMteaatio of th« distjaetiw oallmg at Ae 
Rrttoea'i Oharch, we ■■wed *bOTe "lobe a tumg am^Kgalim 9/ 
Jama," or, u ezpcevwd b; the JliiuiteEf^ OmbnBae m Iwt jwr : 

"bj die walk MtdeOKTenetiMof hfirmenb«nto^»TC|BHiliatUf, 
thftt thii doetrine of the atoBemeDt has power to reodert^ bdatr- 
«r hq)pT, even here, ia hia SsTior; aad that boiu is incne holy 
than a ginner, who hath fbond ineroj." 

As we Mid beftwe ia reteeaoe to the doetrine of the enas, that 
H oogkt to be pf«olaimed erctTwhate, m we mnt alao »einiM 
ben,uiordm>ottobeiiimBderMood,ABtalthoi%hweoan^ifl, "to 
be a linng eongr^atioa of Jeras," oitr distinctiTe ei^Hng, «w pe- 
enUar waaon, we do i»ot r^ect on the OTaog^cal ^uroMs of die 
pieaent lime, wx Aft we muntein, that we have ever peifiMitlj ful- 
filled thia misBon. "Brethren, we oeoit notooiMlTesto have ap- 
prdiended. bat thie oae thing we do" (alltrae Monrians ought to 
do,) "fergettiBgthoee things which are behind aod reaching forth 
tinln theoe thiage which are before, let as jweaa towud the varh 
tat the piiae of the high ealltng of God in Jeans Christ. Let ns 
Iken&re, ae nai^ as be perfect^ be thoa minded : and if in any- 
tUng jre be otherwiee miikded, God ahtdl reveal even tluB auto yon. 
NeveruielesB, iHiereto we have already attained, let us walk by the 
sane rule, IM as mind Ihe aame thing." Phil. 3. 13 — 16. 

When OUT first congregation waa formed in Hermhnt, the de- 
Bcendenta of the Ancient Ghnreh of Ae Brethren, the exiles of 
Horavia and Bohemia conld and would not reat satisfied, merely with 
having found a place, where they eould hear the preaching of the 
goBp<^l in its purity ; they insisted on the introdaction of the old 
apMtolic iMtc^tHne at their ancestors, and though repeated attempts 
were made, even by Ziniendorf himself, to indnoe thenu to enter 
into Aill eoramunion with the Lutheran church, they woiUd sooner 
have nven up house and home again, ttuin give up their whole- 
some church aiscipline. Thon^ the Moravian Brethreu were only 
the smaller fitaotion of the Hermhut congrutation, staH their 
ootuuila prevailed, and wherever the renewed Br^ren's Church 
afkerwaraa eatablished settlemenla, thev inaieted on the &ee exer- 
cise of' their discipline among Um pnvileges petitioned for fran 
lli« vaiions governments, and the exerciae of meir discipline has, 


«iik tb ezBiytUHi at Merr^OMg, wUok vu left «• thu ■ooaniit, 
been novbere infringed upon bj ^te seonlaf power. 

Hie SjBod of 1776 said in Uiis leHpeot: " Thai wbiok distin* 
^nialieB us &0B1 othw Proteattat draominatiofl^ is, the eapedftl eoV- 
«iiiineat of our Saner aad the ApottoUc Ditcipime receiTed m^ 
him, aooonbig to whiidi the oeBerally aeknowledKed ooepel trutha 
■ifl not onlj tMightamonEaaiDpnrit;, but rJbo enjoyed jwYKAico^, 
being implied to eaoh individual. This makea as no new sect, but 
a living CoHgrtgation,, which the Savior has collected tnm all the 
difieroitf fasuiobaa ofti,eCbristiaoGhiinjhbyaBpe«&lcBll ofgnce." 

This diataootiTe feature of the Brethren's Church is not as prom- 
inoat »Mf more, m h iaa.y have bees formerly, and IbA public 
deolantioB of ow but General Synod oi^t to be ainoerely taken 
to heart :* " Neither birth, nor ^eoent, nor the meet excellent teg- 
nUlitHiB, will oonatitnte any one a child of God, u onf Lord dedares : 
" Except a man be bom again, be cannot see the kin^om of Qui." 
(John 3. 3.) It is certainly a precious [mTilsge and a &vor, for 
vhioh wo oao never be suGciently thankful, to be placed in rela^ 
ti<aa which &eilitate oar seeking the hard only, and which tend 
to onr preaerratifa from pernicious influences. But we may eaai^ 
be tempted to indul^ an unfunded hope, that we are oonrert»d, 
that we u« fellow oitiicas mth the eauits and of tfae hotuehold of 
Qod, beeauae we dweU in a house conaeerated to tJie Lord, and par- 
take of its good thiogs ; while we forget diat we are but stmngers 
wai foiei^ners, so long as we have not the mind of Chtiat and do 
not walk in all things according to the mlee of his facvse. 

" It is evidoit, that, beeides t^ose membera of our Chnroh, who 
tei^M the object of onr union, diere have ever been such among 
OB as are ignotaat or in^&erent on the snbjact, hana merely nom- 
iiml meml«rs of onr Ghnrch, aitd roUunad ia it aol^ by external 
ooBnedion and advantages. That, amidst sneh daagers, we have not 
bnu ago gnffered ahipwreek, uid perished, ia owing to the grace 
ana tender mercy of the Lwd alone; and we trust with childlike 
con&lesoe, Aat, by a new outpouring of his &iirit, be will cauee 
his grace to triumph over all iadwelling comipticns. 

It is tinie we shall never attain to such a state, that no iDBiiK'ere 
or lifeless membw oas be found among us, nor any imperfections 
or weaknesBBS be perceptible in thme who are faithful ; in short, 
that we can present the a^iearanoe of a p^^ct Church. But we 
may |uid onght to beooBie a iievy oongr^boii in which the spirit 
of Christ brars the awa^, triumphing over all hostile powers and 
infloeiLoes, and maBifesbCBg his preaeaee by his excellent gjftn and 

in. A Aird chanMmstic of the dladnottve calling or peculiar 
miaaicii of the Bg o thrwi'a Church, as pointed ont above, is, " to 
kAs the hand «t IdndneM to live believers of all denominations, 

* TM>l^fcwdil,im,p.«. 


uid to aid titam in tbfl execntion of oar 8KTioi<'a nffl, that ■]] tfis 
disciples m»y be <w«," 

We hsTO said in a former krti«le, that Zimeodorf oUmot ex&ctiy 
be okQed the fbnader of the Morawian Churoh. An enemj to all 
sectarianiBm it fras at at] liinen hie eameet endetnor, to pnunote an 
maoh «s he oonld the union of all Christians, no matter to what 
denmnimtion the^ belonged. Vistting Penneylvania in 1842 he 
endeavored in aeyen GMicral Sjaodn to connect the members of 
different ohnrches and necte as "a Gongregstioii of QoA in iJie 
Spirit," and thongh hid ezperimeDt was a failnre still he woqM 
Dot willingly ^ve n)) this favorite idea. By his ioflnenoe in 1744 
the following resolation was passed at a Synod of Harienbom : 
"The Renewed Brethren's Church recognizes within its pale three 
mt>dee of leaching Christian doctrine, which it distingui^ea as tiie 
Horaviaii, the Lutheran and the Reformed Tn^ns." 'Qie same 
distanciion has been sub)«qnently reoogniaed by socoeerive Synods, 
and though the t«nn " tropus," is hardly ever used aDyra<«e, still 
the eweoce of this institntton exists to the present day. 

While otJner deiomiaations are more or less exclusive, laying ea* 
pecial stress on those doctrines or ceremonies, by which they di»- 
tingniBh themaelves from other churches, the Brethren consider all 
peculiarities of their form of- worship or Church govemment, — 
highly as they prize them,'~-Htill not as so many points of distinc- 
tion from other believera. Neither has it ever beai their object by 
" Church extensioa/' nr, by a proselyting system, to iQcrease the 
numbers of their members ; on the contrary, they have been rather 
too remisB in this respect Bnt the main object being to extend 
the kingdon of Christ, we may truly conader it as part of our 
special mission " to serve as a point of Union for all those in other 
danominatioDs, who believe in the crucified Redeemer as their Lord 
and Giod, and who out of love do follow him faithfully ; and, if it 
shonld please the Lord, to serve as an instrument in his hands, 
towards aC4y>mplishing the final union of all his true ftillowere 
thronghout the Christun world. 

The present time is omphaticHlly ^e tiihe of societies, aaaoeia- 
tions and unions^ both for and ^iust the kingdom of Christ Be- 
sides the Bible and Tract societies in England, Germany and the 
United States, which oetapnt Christian!i of different Churches, 
there is the Evangeliml Alliance, and the German Church Con- 
fraderation, by which a closer consectinn among the difieient 
denominations may be brought aboat But all these movements 
for Union in tJie Pro^tant world, which tmrely are a cheering 
feature of our time, are in fiwt nothing else, than what is and has 
been in existence already in the Unitas Fnttmm for upwards of a 
hundred years. 

"!%€ peouliw character of catholicity, which the Brethren's 
Cfanrch nuuntuns, imposes upon her fhe doty, while it given her 



Aa abtlttj, to oSer die buid of brotheriiood to believarB of all ds- 
oominatLOns, and to be cordiaUj united with them. ThiB hu be^t 
die practice of the Brethren's congregataoafrom its oommencementr 
and it has never been our wish, bj taking an isolated poedtion, to 
withdraw from other diynions af the Church."* 

Nest jear it will be one hundred years, nnce seven Luthemn 
ministers met at Berthelsdorf near Hermihnt, for mutual edifica- 
tion and encouragement. They felt that it was good for Ihem to* 
have assembled thus, and came agiun the nest year. Others joined' 
Qua band, others sent their £ral«rnai salutations in writing, nndl 
the circle hag estetided aa far as Switzerland in the Sonth and 
Sweden in tbe North. Though these miaistera' meetings of tKe 
Eyangelical Churches were regularly continued yearly iu Herrnhut 
for 100 years, they have aever assumed any legislative charaotw,. 
and their deliberations were un^ the last years comparatively un- 
known in the Church at large. Still the influence wae felt far and 
■tear, and many a Chnteh, in which among the majority of the 
members the very eiiateace of the Moravian Brethren waa utterly 
BJiknown, has had the pure gospel preached to then, through the' 
bidden influence of this Herrnhut Ministers' Conference. 

In modem times other congregations, as Gnadau, Grnadwberg, 
Neudietendorf, have aleo been selected by the ministers of tho< 
evangelical chnrches, as neutral grounds, best adapted for fraternal 
eonvenliona and utofKcial miuisterial conferences. 

Whilst the Brethren in, this manner t^ieevfally reach the right 
hand of fellowship- to all the minifiterB of the gospel, who prot^aim. 
with Ihem the crucified Savior, they have tumost from the very 
eDmmeneemeut of the Church, made use of every opportunity, to 
atablieh them in the love of Chriatand to connect more closely with 
each other, by means of frateraal regulations, (^eattcred Christians 
of diflerent denominatlonB,) not with the intentioa of separating 
them tiom their respective Churches, but rather that thereby the 
living members of uic Protestant eburohcs might be increased tmd 
act as a good eadt in their immediate vicinity. Instead of increaa- 
ing her own maks, the Moravian Church would willingly be the 
"handmaid of her younger sisters," if otdy thereby the cause of 
Christ be prospered. This humble work of love (since 1750 called 
the Bvispora work of the Brethrea'e Church, 1 Pet. 1. 1.) has 
not always and im all Beiighborhoods been properly appreeiated, but 
still it 1^ been si^tdlj blessed by the L^ and Head of the 
Universal Church, and only the great day of reckoning will make 
it manifest how many thousand nominally Christians have thereby 
become Christians indeed, and the helpers of their pastors. In 
1848 there were counted 57 societies and visiting districts on the 
continent of Europe, viz.: 22 in Germany, 5 in Switserland, 5 tu 
Prance, 5 in Denmark, 6 in Sweden and Norway, -13 in RusBia^ 

* Vide Syn. Benitti, 1846, p. 119, '" 


3S2 9H1 bbktbeim's oh u rob. 

^eiy in liTonia, 1 in Ibunaii Poland. It is ntlier difficult to 
state the exact number of thoee, ivho witlioat Bepandng Amn their 
ehniches, still are in Mendly Donneotion with the Brethnn's Chnroh^ 
and under the apiritnal care of her Diaspora laborers ; hat it ma; 
safely be estimated Kt 100,000 booIh, while the number of brethren 
and sisters engaged in the servioe of these societies exceeds 120, 
Knoe 1848 tha number of Booieties and visitinK districts has been 
inoreuiDg, and we beliere this work of the Lord is i?vn)itantly 

In England there are besides the regulari^ oreaniied connegft- 
tions a great man; preaching places, in which the word of life is 
pToolatmed; and in Ireland there are at jveseat nine brethren 
aetiTely eneaged as Scriphtre Kead^m, who read the precious Biblv 
truths to those, who cannot read themftelTos, asd thus oft«n iiar« 
■n opportnait; to adminiater to the spirituat wants of the destitute 
^id errorkts. 

Our Home Misuonaiy operations, in the United States might a)so 
be mentioned here, bat we would refer otir readers to the last 
Annual Report. 

rV. We fear we have extended our remarks to too great a Icngthr 
but our readen will permit us merel; to mention yet a fourth ohsT' 
acteristic of the peculiar mission of the Brethren's Church, vii.: 
ber /oreion Mtniortaty aperattont. 

The historr of our Church and espeoiallj of her first miBSOoary- 
nnterpiises among the Greenlandera and me Negro slaves of the 
West Indies, shows plainly, that " each member of the first con-- 
gregation at Hermhut was ready to do tiie work of the Lorii 
aocordiag to the graoe and ability bestowed upon hira." At a 
time when the attempt of oonvertnig the heathen was conndered 
an absurdity, when the learned Esede had spent his strength in 
vain, these unlettered bat devoted followers of iTesus were willing 
to become slaves, if it must be, to htiag the ^ves the glad tidings- 
of liberty from sin and aatan in Christ ^us their Lord. Leon- 
bard Dober and Matthew 8tach were soon followed bv other 
brethren of no less seal and ehristian fortitude, aid whhin sevev 
years, from 1732 to 17B9, nusaionary attempte were made in St- 
Thomas, Qreenland, Berbioe, Lapland, Cape of Good Hope, Gune» 
eoast, Ceylon, and among tba North American IndmTC. 

Even if at the present day the missionery actiyitjr of msCbt 
churches greatly snrpasaes onr own, atiil we feel it an especial dnty, 
to foster amo^ onrselvet the Hissiooary spirit, and t» spread th» 
knowledge of Christ onr Savior by every means which we possa- - 

Fot Him shall prayer unceasing 
And daUy vows ascend ; 
His kingdom still increasing 
A kingdom without end. 



The mounbuB dew shall aooriah 

A seed in waakneBB Mwa, 

Whoee froit ihall spread and flouriab 

And shake lilce Lebanoa. — J. Maniffomery. 

yie might extoid our remarks, but deeming tko missioiiar; oper- 
ationa of the Brethren's Chunih pretty well known, we will ulose 
witii the uDcere wish aad fervent prayer, that we, sa MontviaoB, 
may always lemaio and beeiHne more and mere, a United pepple, a 
Witneu peaple, and a Devoted peepk, to the praise and glory of 
our Lord and Savior Jeans Christ. 

LxviH T. Rkichel. 
Naureth, Pa., 1853. 

iJf 8r. Ingebory Chrittina Aeboe, -wha departed &i» Life at Prtd- 
eriehthal in Greenland, April 26lA, 1861. 

[Writtni by henelf.J 

" I WAS born February 14th, 1815, atTegelgaard, near Noidly- 
gum, in North Sleswick, where my fadter, whose name was Hansen, 
possessed a small farm. Being faithfnl followers of Jeaua, my 
pareats were earnestly desirous of biin^ug up their eight children, 
of whom I was the youngest, in the nurture and admonition of 
the Lord. My mother was deeply and experimentally impressed 
with the necesily of directing her children, from their earliest ia- 
Ikney, lo their Creator and Redeemer. She would frequently re- 
late to us, with much feeling the more striking eventa of onr Sa- 
vior's life on earth, from ^a birth to His asoenuon ; and suob 
was the impression which her nsTrative produced on my mind, that 
I can veil remember asking her, when she had finished h«r recntal, 
to repeat it once more, and shedding tears of emotion on hearing 
of the bitter sufferings of the Son of God. 

Of my childhood I have nothing further to say, than that I 
spent manv & blessed moment in communion with my Saviour, es- 
pecially when I retired to my closet, and poured ont my soul before 
mm in simple, heartfelt prayer. On such occasions, my heart 
was rehashed with a sense of heavenly peace, and I frcijuently felt 
an ardent longing, to depart this life and to be forever with the 

At the age of twelve years, the delicacy of my health led mc 
to think that I should soon be permitted to go to my Savior ; but 
He had ordained otherTrise. In my 15th year, I rec^vcd the reli^ 


Mi MBMOTm or sb. niaxBOBO o. asboi. ' 

ioua inatrootiou preparatory to confirmatjon, from the venenbl* 
pastor Boosen, whose mitust«rial labore in tite nraghboiliood at 
Hut time were attended with much blesnng ;' and on April 4tli, 
1830, 1 solemnly renewed my baptismal covenant in the cnorch of 
JTordlygom. The earnest exhortations which oar &ithfal minister 
addroMod 4o us on this solemn occaaon, and the fervent prayer, w 
which he eoBiaiended us to onr Savior as His Uood-bonj^t prop- 
erty, made aa impression en my heart, winch has never since heen 
«fiaoed. Ob the day of our coafima^on, he addressed ns from 
1 Jolw, ii. 28 i ' A«d now, litde children, ri)ide in Him ; that, 
when He shall appear, we may have confideBoe, and not be ashamed 
hefoi« Him at His coming.' After kneeling down and imploring 
the Lord's blessing upon ns, he declared faefore the assembled -con- 
gregation, that we were henceforth the Savior's eiolnsive property. 
The celebration of the Lord's Suiroer on the Maundy Thursday 
following, of which I was piivileged to partake, proved a nuau ^ 
special Messing to my heart 

In the same year, 1830, my fethor departed tliia Bfe. Thiawas 
■a heavy affliction to his surviving family, move cqpeciaUy so to my 
dear mother, whose health, from that lime, fcegaBrinblytwdwIine. 
Symptoms of coasumptioD soon became appannt, aad Amej 
proved eventually the means of her dissolutioB- Sba wodd fre- 
quently express her gratitude, tbat the Lord bad vmcluafed ta her 
a season of preparation previous to her departure. Dniiiig her 
illness she was calm and peaceful, b^ng humbly resigned i» tlie 
will of Ood. She said to us : " My present occnpalioM conrasts 
ohieSy in praying for yoa. I thank our Savior, that lam permit- 
ted to see my five surviving children assembled armmd me ; and 
that I can believe them to bo pursuine the narrow path, which 
leadeth to eternal life.' In 1835 she fell happly adeep in Jesus. 
In September, the year foilowinff, I renoved to Christiansfeld, 
where I was successively engaged in the service of two fiunilies. 
My health was still very delicate, but I was enabled to trust in the 
Lord ; nor did He put my confidence to shame. 

In February, 1838, I was received into the Brethren's Cbureb 
at that place, and permitted topartake of theLord's Sapper with the 
congregation. This was a season of rich blessing to me ; tbe love 
of our Savior, and the peace of God, being powerfully shed abroad 
inimy heart. In 1843 I was admitted into the Sisters' House, 
and appointed to wmt upon the sick ; in which occupation I felt 
so happy and contented, that I wished to remain there nnd serve 
the hard in that caparaty to the end of my days. In 1846, how- 
ever, I received, quite unexpectedly, a cwl to the service of our 
mission in Greenland, and, at the same time, the proposal, to enter 
into the state of holy matrimony with br, Michwl Andersen Asboe, 
who wsa then on a visit in Europe, after a missionary service of 
^elve jears in that country. In former times, I had occasionally 


-MEUOm or SE. INOIBOBa O. ASBOt. 2^ 

'cheriBhed tiie irish to serre otu SaVior among the heatben; sab- 
seqnently, howeyer, I had entijel; abandoaed th« Hat, tram a 
■aeaee of my extreme iiBwoTthin^sa. ISot that I fejt depreeaed l^ 
this hamilUtine coaviutioD ; I was, alas 1 bat too mm satiafied 
with myself, tUT it pleased the Spirit of God to open my eyee more 
folly to the depravity of my avfal heart. I then beoame seriously 
conoemed about the state of my soul, and, ibr a coomderable time, 
t cried earnestly, day tmd night, fpr meroy ; but, placisg too much 
confidence in the e^cacy of my prayers, I found no peace for my 
troubled spirit. One day, being sorely tried by doubts and fears, 
1 happened to meet an aged siBter,. who was celebratiDg her birth- 
day, with feelings of praise and gratitude to her Savior, Jor all the 
mercies which she had experienced at Hie hands. On witnessing 
her cheerful confidence in the Lord, I felt ashamed of my little 
faith, and could not help lefiecting — ' So many years has our Sa- 
vior graciously led this aged stster in ber.ziilgrimai[e here below, 
and meicifully helped her through all her tnals ; 'will 'Dot the same 
good Shephei^ be equally merciful to me, if I make a fall and nu- 
reserved surrender of my heart to TJ™ V Hereapon I cast myself 
at the Savior's feet and implored His pardon, pleading His precious 
blood, and His all-atoning death. Nor did! cay unto Him ia vain; 
He heard the voice of my sapplication, and cheered my heart with 
tlie assurance, that my sins were pardoned, and that ' by His stripes 
I was healed.' [The Spirit of 6od led me to eee on this oocasioB, 
that my own wm^ and efforts, in which I had been wont to place 
BO moon confidence, vere wholly ineffectual for the attamment of 
salvation ; and that I was entirely dependent for everything upoa 
God's free grace. I rose from prayer with a joyful heart ; sjid, , 
for years after the blessed experience I then made, I was enabled 
to renounce all confidence in myself, uid hnmblj ssd firmly t« 
trust in the Lord. Aftor much earnest prayer to our Savior, I felt 
freedom to accept the call, and to accede to the proposal of marri- 
age which had been made to me. Having done so, I was, however, 
greatly depressed by a sense of my nufitness for the office to whieh 
I had been called, more especially on account of my bodily infirm- 
ities; and not having yet learnt to resign myself to the Lord's 
guidance with perfect submission, I looked forward to the iutnre 
witli much anxiety. With many tears I cast myself at.the Savior's 
feet, imploring His mercy, aad beseeching Wim to make my way 
clear before me. In answer to my prayer, I received the consola- 
tory assurance that the caU came from .Him, and that He. would 
graciously support me in all trialp. My heart wae filled with peace, 
and I could cheerfully prepare for my voyage to Greenland. 

On March 2lBt, 1847, I was inarried to br. Asboe. On this 

solemn occasion we made a covenant with each other, to live as 

faithful followers of our Savior, and to devote all our energies .of 

imind and body to His service in Greenland. On March 23d we 




net 8(ul from Gopeuh&gen, and on Jnne 2&th reached lichteitaB, 
the place of onr destination. I Boon felt happy in my new sphere 
of useAiIneM, cheerfully dieoharging the Tariong duties incumbent 
upon me, as long as my health permitted ; and I deemed myself 
highly favored in being privileged to serve the Lord in tius large 
«ongregadon, gathered from among the heathen. After a two 
years' service at Lichtenan, we were appointed, in 1849, to succeed 
br. and er. Paulsen Lund, at Fredericksthal. Though we had not 
wished toi a change of reradence, the Lord enabled ns to acquiesce 
in Hia will. We set out on onr voyage with our little child, then 
a year and a half old, and, sailing by night in an open boat, we 
reached FrederickHthal on July 15tb, where we were cordially wel- 
comed by our brethren and sisters, who united with ns in thanks- 
giving to the Lord for tjie protection we had experienced. It was 
a peculiar pleasure to me to serve the Lord at this place, in cordial 
ro-operation with our dear fellow-servants, as long as I had the 
requisite health and strength. There were, at that time, a number 
of Greenlanders residing at Fredericksthal, who had come hither 
'from the eastern coast, uid of whom several were receiving the in- 
struction preparatory to Holy Baptism. During the first winter of 
our sojourn at this settlement, I enjoyed the privilege, whioh I 
highly valued, of witnessing the baptism of no fewer than seven 
adult heallien. In 1849 we had the pleasure of seeing several 
heathen, who had come from the east coast to visit the settlement; 
and in ^e year following, we had the still greater joy of being re- 
quested by several of their number to put down their names, and 
to instruct them in the doctrines of our most holy faith. There 
was among titem an aged widow, who, being taken ill in October, 
1850, expressed an ai^ent desire to be baptized, which rite was ad- 
ministered to her in her but by my dear husband. 

My service in the Lord's vineyard was now, however, rapidly 
drawing to s dose. On Becembcn- 8tb, I was suddenly seised with 
a complaint, which occasioned my premature confinement with a 
fton, who died shortly after his birth. My own departure seems to 
be now near at hand. My friithful Savioi has, in answer to my 
prayers, freed my heart from all earthly attachments, yea, even 
from the bonds which united me so closely to my beloved husband 
and my in&nt son, and has given me an ardent longing to go to my 
heavenly home." 

Her bnsband adds : " From the foregoing account it will be ea«- 
ly seen by what motives and principles my dear wife was aotnated 
during the short period of onr united service in the Lord's vine- 
yard. To me she was a most valuable helpmate in the work to 
which I was called; and she would gladly have rendered me still 
greater asdstanoe, had she been bleeped with a larger measure of 
health. Bimplicity of heart and unfeigned humility marked her 
whole course^ nor was she less yainable to ns and to the oanee she 



■erred bv the aonndness of her judgment, her active diaposidoii, 
and her nabits of economy. Her departure has deprived me of a 
faithAil wife, and an infant son of a tender, aSeotionate mother. - 
In the days of her health ahe was always active, acconntibs it a 
privilege to be permitted to render any service, whatever might be 
its nature, to the cause in which she was engt^ed. Bhe was, under 
all circumstances, cheerful, haj^y, and resigned to the Lord's will. 
The Word of Ood was her greatest treaBure, in which she sought 
and found aotuishment for her soul till her latest breath. 

When it beouue evident that tJie period of her dissolution waa 
rapidly approaching, I informed her that her reoovery appeared 
hopeless, add that tt behoved her to prepare for the last summons. 
At first it cost her a severe but brief struggle, till she had weaui^ 
her heart from the objects of hei maternal affection ; but she was 
soon enabled to regain her wonted resignation, and frequently ex- 
pressed the wish to depart and to be with Christ. Firmly relying 
on her Savior's merits, sbo did not fear death ; but she would often 
pray fervently for a gentle and peaceful dteniissal. About noon, 
April 26th, ^e appeared to be in a stat« uf great weakness, and, 
seeing that her etKl was near, I impurted to her, in pre«enoe of br. 
and sr. Ihrer, tiie blessing of the Jjord previooB to her departure. 
About 4 o'clock in the afternoon, her counteniince beamed with an 
expresuon of holy joy ; and being asked whether she felt our 
Savior's presence, she cheerfully replied in the affirmative. Shortly 
afterwards her breath stood still, and her tansomed soul took its 
flight to its eternal h<me, after a pilgrimage here below of 36 yean 
and 10 weeks." 

IfutnAa- 2. 


In the preceding paper we have spoken ot Jirtt Impreitiom: we 
shall now endeavor to direct tbe attention of our readers to Gnit 
Principles. We do not propose at piesent to inquire in how fiu- 
these are followed or lost sight of in the jffesent day ; our o^eot is 
to direct attention to the history of tjie earlier days of the Breth^ 
ren'e Church ; to state clearlv what were the prinoiples which ani- 
mated our forefitthera, and which they have Mt as a legai^ to their 
children to follow them, even as they followed Christ. 

The principles which animated our forefathers in relation to Ood ' 
our Savior, are clearly intplied in what we have already notioed 
under the head of first toipresuous. These give undonbled endenc* 
of their love, their futfa, and obedience to Urn whom they delighted 
to honor as their Chief Elder. 



2S» OHABAflnBimaB. 

We shall now state the prinoiplM which mimntH th«in id their 
Eeladon to one another, aa memMm of the body of Chiat. 

They called themselveH " poor nnnen," &tl eqnalli: cuilty before 
6od. They jdmoed themaelvei on one ieed;, every distinction in 
atnlity and suooess they ascribed to the unmerited grace of God, of 
which none had to boadt ; if Buccess attended their endeaTora, they 
vn God tbe glory. With, each a doctme, aad snoh a fiuth, 
.iving learned to underetand, "one is yonr Master, even Christ," 
they mlly leon^ likewise to reoogniee one utothes as Brelhrtn. 
Equality became a priaoiple. The distmotioiiwhSch rides, nobility 
ana learning make among men, the bamere that separate them as 
BO many classes, were broken down, and we see men of all classes 
united as one. There is, howerer, one remarkable feature whicK 
oharaaterizeB tmialUy among Moravian Brethren, as expressed by 
Count fflnzenaorf. "For tne noble, Ae learned, the rich to lower 
themselTea aod eland oa a level with the 90or, is OhrMike ; bat 
for the poor to lift themselveB ip to be t^e the noble or the rich,, 
is devUith." Eqoality vt fhe Brethren's Church is based npoo 
iumt7% ; and Hot as the world calls for, upon pride. Again, the ■ 
Count once addressed a nobleman, whea beti^ received as a mem- 
ber of the Church : " Now, my brother of aoble birth, in receiving, 
you into our brotherly nnbn, I cannot jiumise yoa more honor, 
respect, and advantage among ns, iJiaa what the poorest enjoy; 
have yoa considered aoi t Is tMs your choice I"' Again, in one of" 
hia sermons he says : " There is no ^Seteoce among na, provided 
we are the cbildTen of God and not hypocrites, provided we all 
have a heavenly call and the oertain hope of being present with^ 
the Lord when absent from the body, mth such an expectation, 
we are all equal ; and if we stand before the Lord to confess to 
him our wewiesses, our deficmaciea, and our remaiaiug misery,, 
we have but one and Uie some tale. A ^resbylet, a deacon, a 
brother, a youth, man, wife, widow, vir^n, sod, or daughter, a 
minister of the gospel, a missionaiy among tlie heathen — what are- 
they allf Pooej miserable sinners before him ! The highpriest 
^ there could be such a one among us — there is none but Cluist,)' 
could not pOBsil:^ be nearer to the Lord than the neophyte or first 
be^nnw. Theae >m prineipia stantis et cadentis theologise — (these 
are the taeUi of a Btanding or fhlling tlieology) — and if we thought 
differently we sbould be forsaflng our niiaciples." In reference 
to the distinotiioft that in made elisewhete between clergy and laymen, 
Shrautenbach says : " The Monvian Brethren do not acknowledge 
in thar aonalAiatioit any sndt diBtinction. They have order, and 
regnlatjons, and tbe office of teaching, as well as the distribudon. 
<ff the sacraments committed to men appoinnd Uiereto. JVb o^e 
eimftr* frefenKt. Ghakaotib KAKE8 THS Bbotbes. " "' 

justly gener- 
ife, and.' '■' 

ally Mteun^. fniea» oSoM ace not ooofeiTed for Hfe, and. while- 


an office, naae is kbove generd oontrcd. TlMre ia not cnie lanongBt 
the Brethren M whom no one oonld laj, What doest iJum f" 

Viom the§e qnatatjona, which might be multiplied, it ia eyident 
tliat the very spirit and principle of diecharoh was th&tof equaHtg 
«n all tier memhen. Therefbre the address " hrotfaer," in oppon* 
tim to all titles — therefore, on the eontinent, the &niiliar address 
"tihon," instead of "yon." And though there may be a decline, 
who cannot reoogniie, even in the prenent day, the inflnence which 
this principle exereises among na f 

Ano&er ohsraoteristio principle of thoae days, of which every 
sermon, every sctiim, testifies, is fraiermty — brotherly love. As 
it was evidenoed of ^e first ohristiaas, "iSee how these christians 
love one another," so it may indeed he said of tJiem likewise. 
We need not eut«r into any proof <tf tUs (act — it is self-evident. 

Equality, brotherly love, and t^ierlg J Sliall we speak of Kbertyt 
Either liberty was an essential oharaMer of the Brethren's Church, 
or equality and brodierly love are empty words. But what is 
liberty ? Is it, as the world has frcfiientJy understood it, for every 
man to speAk aad write asd do as lie pleases ? Snob a liberty is 
oot from above, but from benestb. Woe nnCo the world, if this 
liberty ever break down the barriers wMch law and government 
form against it Woe xm*» 1h« ciwch, litat forgets " to rule with 
a rod flf iron" — the word of iiod ! ' 

True liberty is perfect ofeesSsBce to Ood'e commandments, and 
Teepect to the laws aad coBstatution of well-ordered society. True 
liberty is, to fear tiod ratltw than man ; an obedience «o him, in 
opposition to all buaua laws, when inimging upoa bis word ; the 
readiness to lose and suffer all things nther thiw lose ifee Ubea-ty 
of serving Ood according to coBScienoe, under t^e direction of his 
word and Sprit; this is tme liberty and independence of mind. 
The word of Ooti is aheoliOe, it suffers no thought in ^position ^ 
it enjoins submiasioii withest seMng— but hdieviug; s»d Aoee 
that believe and do the word of God, find — as tJiey all testify— 
tme liberty. It is difieraat with human laws and coastitutioas, 
both in chmvh and state. As long as tiiey do aot, interfere with 
•divine laws, we submit for tke lM>rd'a sake. But eveny hnmaH law 
and oonstitutioD depending wpon the will of sa individ«al, or beuag 
mmiAerabie, though at first ever so good, must, in tke oonrse oi 
time, tmder diffeint i^nmstMMes, ecnae in omoatioa to Inc Ub- 
«9ly-— to be a heav;^ intoleiwble b«arden. The nanua iusd is Bot 
stAticaar^ ; sad mum is ooatianalVf priwresMigs Evwy inr and 
•ixoiBtitntion in o l we h and state, ttimt like t^laws of the Medea 
nod PeraaBB oaattot be brokm, Insiaita^ tfaeaeed'afiBssoliition. 
Whav theie b an abeolnte willof o«eiMvid«>i,-ar a> tmaltenUe 
«oostitatioQ, tluit takes upon ilaelf ttM^prenffatiee of the vmd «rf 
Ood' " Aat cannot be frmfen ;" then owo be no liber^ of i^naobt 
an liber^ ol wdca, b«t on(y obedimwe- f bis ia dntii^. Bat 


irimn Ik lamiamd eoMAMUuMb u.Mi)bc*d-iD A« fngffwvf tAm't 
mind, then uj lad mutt be, libM^ of g/medt^ and errery BtHpi*- 
immi wM biB^ wifh it libniy cf aolwii. There is one dmKh 
«lia« tfaa TtxM of oae IB ftbidute ; then are- others wiKweoonsti- 
tntitn ia iseariy QBaltenMe— they are Hid ntu«< &e dec^lie ; thej- 
du« not illew free diwmMon, nerfiae aetion. Bettboee ohorcbee 
and dcoominatiana whom wnstitirtioii depend, u fkr as himu* 
rcgnlalioiH are coaceiBed, apcn the will, ^ iiiteUigeRoe, t^ petj 
of the congTMiatJoiis, mugt bare, when pioerese has been made, 
liberty of aeboo. Do we, is the fireWren b Ohoich, eiqoy this 

The p*gee of histcwy; that raeak of what our fitthen were snd 
did, testify that they had true libnl)^ XKd thej not tbnake all 
their pOBseisiona is Moravia for the lure of libeityl iJio liberty, to 
serve Qod aeeording to their ooHsdeneee ? Did ^ey oot- in 1736 
plainly inform the oommissionerB of the king of Saxony, who had 
sent to Hermhnt to exsmiBe tlie rising clnuch, that they would 
rather, for the secoud time, forsake houses aad lands, than give ap 
one tittte of their liberty I They ^oke and acted towards the 
mlers of this world with an independenee whieh only the love of 
tiber^ could inspire. 

And how did they order things among themaelve«? Observe 
their jealousy of individual rule. They^jwonld suffer none to have; 
the pTe-«minenoe. Even the Count of Zlaieadorf appear^ irom 
1722 to 1743, more like a servant among the» than a ruler. And 
when they giulelessly and onoonaoionsly had subiqitted ta the rule 
of a Chief Elder, how ^bd were th^ jUklIWv oS thai jeieo. 
OtMBTVe farther, how plainly the ooaatiMoi^ )^ th^ chnroh prdv<p 
their love of Gberty. They comiBitt#^tt)te'. government of the 
fhnroh not to one individual, but to eoastitated governing bodies, 
allowing an appeal from one to the other ; and still sitsjHeiouB of 
mMi, they believingly committed themselves to the decii4on of the 
Lord by the Jot. Ajid to this day, every twelve or fifteen years, 
the membero of the church are oaUed i^wn to express their minds 
fully before the sseemUed Sywod; that so ever^ thing may be 
ordered as thti times require and t^ ohurch dircctsl TkuS for the 
sake of liberty, the vmce of the ohurch and the decision of the 
Lord by the lot, are called in for he^ to oppose and hinder the rise 
of a dspotjo and popish rule ; — tiius the oonstitntian of the Breth- 
ren's Church is avowedly subject to tibe voice of the members 

A despotic will b often met with ; a popirii sfHrit tuiki in many 
a heart ; traa^reeeions of flnt prin<i|d8s may often have been oom- 
Biitted : bm a obnroh with snoh priBeiple»--ef«iaA^ broAerig iooe, 
and tibeHg,—iavat hare ndly declined hefon a yc^ oonld be put 
npowhersfaonldeTfftooluH'y tobe bone. In all that pertains to 
.6^, hiala«B,'hiB:ieivealed'wiU, tho'DuinteianHaf t^MdMtriaee 


Oat aie eseestUl to salYfttioB, ths charrii miut iwke wit^ a red- of 
iroa — there can be -no cempromiac ; bat everj Buppreeeion of iiw 
<liM!ae»oa on all thiog^ pertaiiUBg to man, u on i^r%ngsm*nt itpon 
Ae wry fira prwci^ ^ the Brkhreit'* Vhwrh. They aia agmet 
the ohurck, and ioflict a mHoiu iujory i^d lier, who make um of 
their office and their influenoe to gappieea the ftae expregsion of 
opiBioD and seatiment oa all that pertains to inan'a device. 

Let first iinpressionH be revived, and first princii^a will f-Jlow, 
so at to rule aiid govern uaong us. We have to this day, naiin- 
ptured, the coastitution of oux fathers ; vx reguii-i: oaly their spiint, 
and life and vitality will aoos show itself in atto of faith, and 
-chuitT. and the power of ike word. 

X. Y. Z. 


Ohbisiun David was an original Moravian. He mts bnm 
December Slat, 1690, in the village of Schlen. As he grew up, 
he was edneMed in all the aaperatitioos practices of the church of 
BoiDe. To nae his own worde, " in tbe perftinnatrae of hiij devo- 
tions, he crept on his knees roond the ima^e of the virgin, fill his 
whole bo^ bnraed like an oven." Bat herein Le found no rest 
for hie soul. In his youth he was employed aa a cowherd, after 
which he learned the (rade of a carpeuter. In consequence of his 
ctmveraatioDs with Jews and Protestant chi-ietians, he became in- 
foizaed of the eziateiice of the Biblfe ; nnderatood that it was tli^ 
Word of God to man, and longed to get poaveaaion of it. At lengtl), 
about his tuenty-Jirgt year, he succeeded in procuring a copV of the 
sacred volume, which he studied day and niolit. Hia douDts as eo * 
whioh was the true religion vanished ; tnd he waa confirmed in the 
belief that Jesus is the Christ — tliepromised Memiah. Henceforth 
the Bible became his test-book. "Hiia treasniy of God was laid 
opin before him; he drank deeply of the water of life which 
iowed from this blessed fountain. He became so well ucc^nainted 
with its contents, tbat even his«rdiliary conversation vras almost 
purely biblieal. It waa from hia bible niat be learned to write ! — 
tront it he formed a set of tetters peculiar to himself, so that his 
writing' conld be read aa eanily as the. printed velnme. Such was 
his thorough acquaintancG with the Bible, that he might bo taken 
tor a liring oaDcordnnce. 

After he had aet ont on hia trsvela as a jonmeynian carpenter, 
be embraced the first opportunity to avow himself a Pmteertant, 
And Kwt^to &t hcM'tt Sttpper in the Luifaertii churcli at BtT^in. 
He thsB' unlisted aa' a Mldi«<r, under the idea thitt !n' ^dmul'l he 
mMe »i liberty fitr tb* Uody of trui>- religion ; mnrcfiM <rith f4ie 


372 tiHBUTtut Jtxvm. 

*imj i^nBt Charles Ae Twelfth, knd wu present at die m^e cf 
StralsiiDd. After his discharge, he went into Sileeia, and wmied 
at hia former trade as a oarpeater. Being perseonted by tlie 
Jesnita, he repaired, is 171T, to Ckerliti. Here he became acqnaint- 
ed with eereral pions ministere of the gospel, whose eonTeraation 
«onfirmed lam in the faith. 

About tkis time, be writes " that he fell mok ^to destJi, a 
■thifd time ; all his Umbs were paralysed, esoept his right hand, 
«f which Ood etill preserved him the oae, otherwise he eonld not 
stir ; where they placed bim there he lay. He was potn^— entirely 
■dependent oa pnblic 'Charity, oad the pet^e gave him what he 
needed. He was prayed for in the ptdpit ; the minister and other 
pions persons visited him freqoeNtly, and took ^e opportonity tA 
preach the gospel to those who oame to wilaess his distrees ; so 
that the whole honsehvld where he Uy, aad nuay Timtora, were 
Affected, and awakened to enqoire what they must do to be saved." 

On his reowery, he c«Ued npoa his b^ic^tors to thank th«n ; 
«poke to them of Jesus; mentioned how wonderfully God had led 
Mm ; and thrice reecved htm from death. Here he leMbed to 
change bis sitaation in Kfe, and was, by his religions oonneetiona, 
introduced to the acqauatanoe 4f a Sileosa taster, whom he mar- 
ried. Increasing in piety, be heouae purtionlarly concerned lor 
the salvation of others. To this ne devated himseli^ and deter- 
mined to spend bia time in traveling and preaching the gospel. ' 
With this view, he returned to Us native village, and commenced 
.a work on behalf of God, which et«roity alone eiiall ftdly deveh^. 

In the summer ot 1728, ChriBlian David, wlnle wwking as a 
carpenter, in wainaoottiag th^Woon of Count fiueadoif 's honae, 
raddenly left his work, ti^-fiBtshnd, bis tools lying afeoot, and 
without his hat, set owt on a jonrnfrf c^ abont two hundred miles, 
to his native village 1 The awakened Brethrea had been threatened 
by the Jesuits with the jaqoisition; b«t Chnstian David arrived, 
Just in time, to save them trom the gtipe of that emel enemy of 
our G!od and of his Chiist 1 The addition of eig/Ueett sonls to the 
little flock at Hermhut was the fimt of that singnlar visit. 

Again, about ChhaUnaa, of the «aaie year, 1723, he repured to 
£aucotenthal, in Moravia, and (HB^ohed Christ to multitudes, wiio 
flocked from all parts to hear bun. IVSiis prodnoed an awakening 
among the people, anffidcat to HWtse tlie emisaries of Borne to per- 
secute them most nnm»«x&illy. The fines, imprisonments, and 
tortures which followed were fear&lJ Bnt the wonder-working 
power of God was ^t forth tea their delivwtaoe, in ways almost 
as extraorduawry, ae that of the ^Kwtle Peter in the days of ttie 
ornel king Herod. 

Afiw a nraltitode of remarkable eeeapea from prisons sad tram 
tortures, die flul deliveianoe of the Solineiden, tlw Klocbnians, 
«Bd nany ii^un, were the ttakUt of th« labor of tte "imtk- 


eBxtB^pat BATOt. 278: 

jM«aeS«r,"' u Obristiui Hmd wm omlled. Among tboae who- 
eaoaped about this (jme, ve maj nodoe Jolm Tanneberger, D&vid 
WeMr, Thonus Fischer, Andrew Beyer, David Finbech, and David 
Nickel. The BJngukr escape of the latter was almost mirscnloua,. 
to the confusion oE his pnrsnerB. 

Under circnmstiakces like these, who wonJd not sing — 


" Blessed be the day when I must roam, 
Far from my conntir, friends, and home. 
An exUe poor and m 

My Father's Qod wiU be my Qtvi^,- 
Will angel gnards for me provide, — 
My soul from dangen soreeu. 

Himself will lead me to a spot. 
Where, all my oaies and griefs fiirgot, 

I shall enjoy sweet reet. 
As pants the hart for water-brooks, — 
Hy thirstiag soul, wvth longing, looks 

To Clod, my refiige blest^' 

Among the frnlts of the " Bbsh-preaeher'B" kBors, we may alsa 
notice Miohml Zeieberajer and Joua Toeltschig, men " valiant for- 
tnith" in the church of the Uuted Brethres, The &ther of the- 
latter was a persecuting magistrate, who advised his son " to 
attend the alehouse and dance, Gather than the meetings of the 
awakened Brethren I" But he preferred to seek his portion " with 
the followers of the Lamb ;" among whom he was t^rwards con- 
secrated a bishop- Hit rvmaiat f^veit in peace," — Ae fint ihat 
were interred M Ae eemeteiy of the Utated Bretkren, Whilechvrch, 

These names, togeUier with many others, well known in the' 
records of the "Umtas Fratrun," who were brooght into the fel- 
low-ship of the f^thAil, through the instrumentality of ChrixtiBjo. 
David, tended ooslinually to increase the population of Hermhut; 
until it might be truly called, aa its name imports, " Tke Watck 
of the Lord." 

In this way it pleased the Lord to bless the labors of hn servant 
to an setonishing degree ; until by his preaohuig and writing, bis 
name and character became famous in die estimation of fings, 
princes, and theological professor. , among whom he was hoiuHttbly 
recognised as " the servant of the Iiord. His letter to the magiv-- 
trates of Saltiburg is emphatically caUed " a maaterpieoe o£ it« 
kind ;" it prodaooi a powerful rawt in bvot of that liberty ot 
' e for iriiioh he was pleading. 



In 17S0, his eonvemtjon with the theoln^oal professore of 
KtBDigsberg waa honorable utd edifying ; and in 17!^, at Copen- 
hagen, he was bo mnclf respected at court, " that he went in and 
oat amongst the royal famuj, and ministers of state, at a friend." 

When he appeared before the Imperial commission, in Esthonia 
mnd livonia, notwithstanding the faiions hostility manifested by 
maoT, his uprightness triompned over their opposition. The com- 
missiODerB enquired if he were the person spoken of as "Aetersant 
of 'Ike Lord 7' being answered in the affiiinative, they ordered a 
ofaair to be set for him ; — a rare mark of distinction in those davs- 
Snrely it is not too mnch to say with the apostle, with facts like 
these before as, " God hath chosen the busc things of the world to 
confonnd the things that are mighty." Nor is it to be forgotten, 
that while the labors and tTBTels of Christian David abounded in 
the cause of his heavenly Mastor, it was not uncommon to find this 
apostolic man wielding the saw or the axe, as well as the sword of 
the s[Hrit. He wranght with his hands as a carpenter ^ and built, 
knd preached, and trinmphed, to the work of the Lord. Hia con- 
versation was sought for, and proved a blessing to nmltdtudes, of 
all classes ; while at the same thne, it might be tmly sfud, his 
motto was — 

" Noneht but thy death, dear Lord, shall be 
Mj life, to all eternity." 

There are still many interesting fticts in the history of tbut 
heaven-devoted man, which deserve to be had in remembrance ; 
whether we conidder his tabors of body or mind. In 1742, he 
built Briukenhof, in Livonia, where, it is said " he was in his 
eltmcni." While earnestly attending to the work, he hada frightiul 
fall from the secoad stwy of the building, but escaped idmost 
unhurt. In 1747, be made a second voyage to Greenland, 
to set up the framework of the church at New Herrnfaut, 
which had been prepared for that purpose at Copenhagen And, 
in 1749, two years before his death, before paying his third visit 
to Greenland, he went to Peunsylvunia with M. Stoch, and three 
Geenlanders, collecting cedar wood and sbSnglcs, aud assisted in 
the erection of a bmily hnnse at Nasoreth. At the suae time. 
" he drew up an incomparable Report of the state of the PennRyl- 
vantan congregatioDS ; giving a beaotiful picture of thdr labtirs, 
as a patters for the congregations elsewhere." In July, 1750, he 
retuitied to GermaBv; and on Janoary 29th, 1751, he was over- 
taken by his last illness, so suddenly, that he had to leave the 
Conference, and betake himself to his dying bed ; thence, in a 
few days, February 3d, he departed, and entered, as " a good an-I 
fiuthfui servant, into the joy of hia Lord," in the axtj-fost jreur 
af hia intaresting life. 



In tJie coiiree of his truly iqMwtolie career, he made' eleven 
jonmeyB into Moravia, to awaken and bring out the remans of the 
ancient chorcli from that ill-fated, pope-strieken country j and 
though often in danger Itom the officers of police, who were contin- 
ually on the watch for him, yet, in passing by them repeatedly, he 
was preserved in a moat wonderful manner. 

Count Zin»endorf writes thus concerning him: — "Christian David, 
— a Moravian carpenter ; he had great and strilciag talents I It is 
impoBuhle to deny that he bad a measnre of apostolic taith : when 
we look at his numerooB journeys to his native laad ; his pietu^i^ 
the gospel in the midst of popery; his hringing out almost the 
whole of the Moravian emigrants ; and his whole conduct and con- 
versation ; how he labored for souls beyond what words can tell ; 
his uncommon method of proceeding, in which, though he often 
involved his brethren in diffioultieB, he followed hb convictions 
faithftiUy ; and of no persecution which arose on his account, ctin 
it be said, that the gain was not greater than the lose. He had a 
clear head, an apostolic and truly catholic spirit, an humble heart, 
a pleasure in poverty, a tender love for the Brethren, great success 
in his testimony for Christ, and he enjoyed the dialinguiBhed regard 
of us all." 

Schrautenbaoh, (not a member of the Brethren's church,) calls 
him "an apoatoUo man, tn as high a degree as we can form an idea 
of one. In physiognomy, spirit, irreproachableness, manners, and 
conversation, the most perfect ideal of an apostle, (though neither 
a Paul, nor a John,) such as we hear them described,— auch as we 
conceive of them from their writings." 

The small stone which marks his humble grave, is the first which 
meets the eye on entering the Hutberg — the cemetery of Herrahut. 
It bears this fdmple, but expressive, inscription : " Christian 
Datid, the Servamt op the Lord." 

" Christian David the ServaiU of the Lord." — In Christian 
David, we have a rare instanco of the si4>erabouDding graoe of 
God. If we look at the man in his " low estate" — his numble 
orinn — hie deep d^radation of body and mind, and then reflect 
on his exalted character, and the excellent dignity to which (rod 
raised him, may we not truly exclaim in the words of the apostle. 
Bom. xi. 33. " the deplJi of the riches, both, of the wisdom and 
knowledge of God I how unsearchable are His judgments, and His 
waj^s past finding out ! When He pnta forth His power^ to raise 
np inBtroments va His work, what cannot His electing love perform ! 
When He would build up His church, and overturn the kingdom 
of dukness, — whether He raise up Chnstjan David, theoaipenter, 
or Count Zmiendorf^ the nobleman, to do His work, does He not 
prove to a gainsaying world the irresistible energy of His own 
parpose of grace on behalf of his persecuted church ? "I will 
wots, and wno shall lot it !" 

37C tlHXtsnAN DAVtD. 

Let dw nn-cUhided leeptio, md tbe oold-hurted fonnkGBt, tiasA 
■an Chritrtiaii David, in his cnigiD and progreee. Let them thisk 
-on him in his low estate — tke worshipper at the Virgin, — the on- 
stored ooffhefi, — ^the roTing carpenter, — the fearless soldier, and 
the wretcliedlf afflieted mei^cant I And then behold Um, as he 
rises, step by step, on the ladder of salvation. Let ^em follow 
the " bnsb-preacher" where thousands haa^ apon bis tongue, lie- 
tenine to the word of life, as it flows tna his hps upon theb ear, 
with heaven's pare melody, until tbev are brought, not only to 
^confess, bnt to give up all and follow the Savior. Let them think 
on ChristiaB David in his apostolic career, as he readt, and wriut, 
and preatAe*, demoustiating the power of "God's word" — ^the 
Bible — to give a chaste style and a olasdc tone to the heavenly- 
minded student. Let them think on 3ie man, who, when more 
than one-third of his coarse through time was gone, n his tteen^- 
_pnt year, received the rvdimeaU of Ms education from the Bible. 
Let them think on such a one, in bis onward course, composing 
grammars, compiling <^ctionaries, speaMng in living languages 
fraught with difficulties ; and pouring the word of life upon civili- 
sed Ear(^>ean8, wild AmerioanB, enslaved West-India negroes, and 
savafe Ctreenlanders ; oatil their ears sad hearts were gladdened 
by his apostolic discourses. 

Let them think on Christian David ; note seated among theologi- 
.ans of the highest order j and anon, standing before princes; 
■" going in and out amongU (hem at court, as a friend" until all 
these are led to rdt«Tate his more than I^maesian claim to ftchar- 
acter and title, of greater dignity than was ever yet given by elasdc 
board to the highest collegiate professor. What is "rellow of the 
2toyal Society," " Arts Master," or " Doctor of Divini^," when 
compared with that universally acknowledged title which waa put 
upon him, a^d which gives a dignity to the very stone that covers 
his aahes ? — " Ckri^Aan David, the Servant of the Lord." 

Yes, let the cold-hearted creature of circumstances think on 
*' Christian David, the servant of the Lord ,■" or, if he will, let 
him t&ke a nobler Sight. Let him tlank on the Master, even Christ 
until his affectioBS warm, kindle up, and expand with love divine I 
Until his Bfabbor* loiU is subdued, and the grace of God in Christ 
Jesus gladdens his heart, with the sweet, the heaYcs-honored title, 
of a (Mid, or a man of Giod , of a. son, or a germi/iU of the LordJ 
7he pre-eminent distisction, thus diaraoterizmg his new-bom soul, 
will give him what earth cannot bestow — the sure earnest of glory, 
and honor, and immortality, and eternal life, and bliss unspeakable; 
an fellowship with " Christian David, the servant of the Lord f 
And "the spirits of the just made perfect;" in the presence of 
iCtod and the Lamb, for evermore. 

iFrom Hr. Charles BarsUric, to the Corre^ionditiff Secretary of the 
Home Mimtm Socie^ at BetiUehem, Penna. 

C0ATBSVILI.E, Ind., Jnne 29th, 1853. 
Dear Srother; — 

Two principal avente I have to speak of, as the eras of tUs month : 
TIE., our visit at Hqpe, to att^id the fionference of WeBt«ra bretb- 
ren together with the Animal feativa] ; and onr chnrch-oonsecration 
here, — both of which have ooourred within two weeks past. 

As to Hope a^airs, the Conference, et«., of course br. Clauder 
will inform jou in detail, so that jou could not look for such an 
account from all the brethren who were present ; but some of our 
own experiences and impressions you will expect. For my own 
part, it was the most edi^ng and encom^ging meeting with oreth- 
ren I have ever had in ttds State, by far ; and I do most heartily 
'de^re that such conferences may continue to be held somewhere in 
the West, annually, for a long time to come. It seems to me that 
no conferring of brethren together in our church can advance her 
interests so much in the West as that of those who live and labor 
there. And so of every locality, and of every church. To meet 
with brethren (of whom we so often hear only) for the first time, 
is delightM, and so it proved to us. We enjoyed the socie^ and 
conversation of those dear brethren and sisters from Ohio and Dli~ 
nois — yea, and Nordi Carolina, too — very mnch indeed. And the 
meetings kept bj the brethren while there were truly delightfnl. 

It ^ould have been mentioned that on onr way to Hope we 

rut ft Sabbath at Waverly, and kept meeting and Sunday school ; 
n the next day proceeded to Hope — a distance of forty miles, 
in onr buggy, in the hot sunshine, holding ap the umbrella to 
shield the lUtle one from its burning heat. We left Hope after 
dinner on Tuesday the 2lBt, and arrived here late on Wednesday 
eve, uxty-six miles, in good health, and we trust, widi thankfifl 
hearts to our gracious l^^rver and Comfortor. Saturday was to 
be consecration day, of course, therefore, we bad oar hands and 
heads full of business preparatory. The second day after our ar^ 
rival, on Friday, at haKpast 2 o'clock, I was at the depot awuting 
the arrival of br. Clauder, with his daughter M., br. Senseman 
from New Salem, Ulinois, an^ br. John Vogler from Salem, North 
Carolina. We had also invited a Baptist, a Methodist, and a Pres- 
byterian minister from the vicinity, but none came. The latter 
we suppose to have been iU at the dme, as he had written me he 
wonld come if Providence permitted. 

- Well, we openad the doors of tlie new chnrob on Saturday mom- 
ing, and had a good assembly of people collected by 11 o'clock 
ibr. H. Q. Olander, of Hope, proceeded to keep the oonaeoratory 


■ernoo, ocmunenoiiig by lAhring vp an ftmiropriate and fervent 
prayer, in whioh die honae was BoIeninlT dedioated to the honor 
and Miriae of Almiglity God. Then, afler a, hymn and a few in- 
trodootory remarka, ne proceeded to addreaa the congregaliaii ^m 
the words found in Reyelations 14: 16, and there was geuerftl 
Hilenoe nnd good attention. Service closed with an appropriate 
hymn, and we had an intermission of fifi«en or twenty minutes, 
after which die congiegatioa assembled and listened to a discourse 
firom br. £dwin Sraiseman, from the words of St Paul, recorded 
in the second chapter of Ist Corinthians, 2d veiM, and ail seemed 
interested. Wiui anging a suitable hymn and offering a 
fervent prayer for the progress of the Lord's work here and 
the interests of his Zion geuorallj, he closed the religious services 
of the day, ^ving out the appointments for the coming Sabbath. 
At 9 o'clock, Sabbath mom, we assembled in Sunday school for 
the first time in the new honse. Br. J. Vcttler addressed tlte 
school, while the people were assembling in througe. He then 
" lined out " a hymn &om the Union Hymn Book, and oQ seemed 
to join in singing with an energy that made the surrounding forest 
echo. He was Allowed by br. Clander, who occupied the remMo- 
ing time allotted to Sun<kty school purposes, with remarks npon 
the benefits and blessings of Sabbath schools, interspersed with an 
oooasional anecdote by way of illostratjon, as were also the remarks 
of br. Vogler ; and all seemed to be edifi^, and we trust that many 
present were made to feel, more than formerly, interested in the 
futhful prosecution of this blessed work among the yonng. Ad- 
journed at twenty miuntea to 11 — enjoyed a recess of a few minutes, 
sjid reassembled to listen to br. Senseman a^tun. House crowded 
to overflowing, and no want of infant out^^nes, above which, how- 
ever, the strong, clear voice of br. 8. arose victorious; and as our 
people here are used to all such little annoyances they seemed not 
to mind them, but listened with rapt attention to the ^leaker an 
hour long, from the familiar words of the Prophet Isaiah, chapter 
lat, 18th verse. The multitude was then dismissed till 5 o'clock 
p. m., at which hour they were invited to assemble again to listen 
to bi«well addresses from the bra. Senseman and Clauder. In the 
meantime the eommunicant members of this little fiock, together 
with the visiting brethren, an<^ any and all present in the morning, 
who dewied it, assembled and partook of the Lord's Supper ; there 
were about twenty-five in all, and we felt that the Iiord was present at 
his table to bless his believing children — to lift upon them the 
light of His gracious oouutenanoe, and comfort them. Now the 
people had dispersed in a good degree — some to their homes, and 
some to the shady groves aroond, where their wagons and refresh- 
ments were. We kept open house, according tp custom here on 
such ocoasions, and between all sources of entortainment, we be- 
lieve the entire aasembly were refreshed. Sometime before the 



hour ai^intad t&e house was filled, and at 5 o'clock br. Claader 
commenoed serricc by staging popular hymna ) tfaea followed 
prayer and speakiDK and singing alternately for nearly two hours, 
when all diEpereed decently and m order to their reBpeotive bomea, 
and we do trust, to carry with them some good and uusting impres- 
siona. I have many labors on hand now, in arrears, therefore 
please ezcnse the haste apparent herein. 

Affectionately your brother, Chablbs Bab«TOW. 


Do men gather grapes of thorns or figs of thistles ? With this 
reflection, put into our minds by Christ himself, we find pleasure 
in acknowledging an appropriation of Ninety IMlart, lirom the' 
Young Ladies of the Seminary at Bethlehem, towards the Home 
Missions of our Church, as a yoluntary gift, the fruite of a fiiir got 
up by them, assisted by their teaehexs ; we hail the gift as an earnest 
of the good will of the institution in this cause. 

We will not praise the busy handa that were engaged in the 
work, but if we could, we would plaice them for a few moments on 
a mission ground. Here we see the missionaries, who left a happy 
home with its circle of endeared friends, took up the red-cross bui- 
ner and as standard bearers posted tbemaelves far, &r among a 
strange people. The love of Christ eonatrained them. The people 
love flie herald that comes to bring them the glad tidings of salva- 
tion, but they too are all pilgrims just landed — their scanty ftire is 
barely sufficient to snst^n them in life — they do what Ihey can, 
but tney cannot support their paalor. Now he taiea a school of 
larger scholars, and his dear partner calls in the little ones to feed 
them with spiritual manna. Their labors are appreciated but not 
remunerated. Their fare becomes scanter and scanter — their 
necessities are increasing — here a little lux lu'y, and there a little 
dainty that was enjoyed from youth up, must now be denied, yea 
even the garments aj« giving out and many a thing before deemed 
indispensable is now dispensed with. 

We would not enter into detail, but shonid we tell of things that 
are yet fresh in our minds from recent communications, we know 
our youthful donors and co-operators in Uiis work, would have bat 
one feeling — a feeling of gratitude to the giver of every good gift, 
lor the privilesea enjoyed in a christian institution ana for the 
graoe to be " filled with wislom of heart to work all manner of 
cunning work," (Es. 35. 3£i.) tor the support of the servants of 
the Lonl in the mission field. 

Be encouraged, die Lord loveth a cheerflil giver, and promises 
reward for whatever we do out of love to Him, be it no more thw 
handing a cup of water to the needy. H. H. B- 

Bethlebem, July 19th, 1863. 

C l iL 'l ffgtc 

S> (A« ordained BreArem ef Ae NorAer» Frovmeei^f Oie Jimeri^- 
can bramck of Ae Vnita* fVotnim. 

Deu Brethren : 

Thoogh we aappoBe th&t all of tod will beu in: mind the reaoln- 
tjba paemd at our laet Hinistfira' Oonfecanoe io- Bethlehem, "That, 
ff tlie Lord pennit, a Miniatera' Conference be again held next jear, 
and that we meet at NazareOi, beginning the HCBeions on the 16A 
of SepUmber," still it seemed expedient to the Standing Committee 
to address yon in a. few lines in this public Mianner, in order to- 
preve&t, as much at liath in us, all misoonception in reference to- 
these yearlj miniaterial meetings. 

We are well avare that these unofficial meetings of the Laborers 
have attracted attention both in this and the other provinces of the - 
Unity ; but though in one instance a fear has been expressed lest 
they mieht lead to results not contemplated iii the beginning and 
not for the real good o£ the Church, we cannot see why we ^ould 
anticipate evil, when w» meet to strengthen and cheer each other in 
the Lord ; and will only pray the more ferrDntiy : " from needless 
perplexity, preserve us gracious Lord and God." 

It has pleased the Head and Bulcr of hi.s Church to call to his 
eternal rest our dear brother William H., Vani Vleck, a member- 
of the Standing Commiitee, who not only i-i-'k. a lively part in our 
former meetings, but, as presiding brother, gave ub many a word 
of fatherly admonition and sound christian counsel, which endear 
his memoiiy to us in an. especial manner. 

The duty of opening the D£st meetuig will therefore devolve on. 
another member of the Committee. Br. Van. Vleck's place has 
t«mpoEari]y been filled by br. William Lennert, who, as the only 
member of the Committee residing in Nazareth, will make the 
necesary arrangements for the reception and lodging of the breth- 
ren Arom. a distance, and therefore requests all hia brethren in the 
ministry to. apprize him of their coming 

1 As the last conference has not decided on any subject for oonaid' 
eration at our nest meeting, the Committee does not feel at liberty 
to decide this question, — but after conferring with various brethren, 
would merely suggest, " a free and familiar conversation upon the 
doctrine of the Brethren's Church in general," or, if the brethren 
prefer, as a subject of more practical bearing — "our liturgical 

But whatever may be the subject of our conversation, the objeef 
of our meeting, we nope and pmy, may be obtained, all feeiing 
assured anew 

In doctrine and in practice one 
We loie and serve the Lord alone :. 



In the bonds <^ tlKtemai love, your Imtiireii of the Standiiig CoK»- 
mittee, ^id in theur name, 

LsTiM T. RxEOHZL, Secretoiy. 
July, 185&. 

O/ tAe JTinuter*' Cl>n/er«nce Ae^ tU ff«rmA^ June 9<A, 1862. 
We herewith invite our reepeeted colleagnes, to attend our 
approaching ministers' coKferenoe (oi the 9tli of June, being Wed- 
nesday after Trinity Sunday, adding ourcordial wish, that the Lord 
would bless this coovooation, and viut.nswith His grace and Spirit. 
Whereas we have no other object ia view, during the few hours of 
«ur meedng together, tiian to encourage and strengthen one another, 
not o&Iy by meditating on the Word of G«d, but also by comparing 
OUT notes of ezperiraice and by the epistolary communicatioiiB of 
distaflt brethren remitted to us, to a more iiuthful discharge of our 
official duties, we therefore propose, that the following questioua, 
having a bearing upon the marrow of the ministerial office, be die- 
cussed ; at tlie game time calling your attention to a few scripture 
texts, whidi may aid us in finding appropriate answers thereto : — 

1. Which is thai main truth, jchich Tnust pervade every termoHy 
^ven jehen addressed Ui belUvert, wiihout hmofver, coiistituiing it» 
note contents f 

2 Cor. 6. 19—21. God was in Christ, reci>aciling the world unto 
himself; iiut imputing their treqiaaseB unto them ; and hath com- 
mitted unto us t^e word of reconciliation. Now then we are am- 
bassadors for Christ, as though Ijiod did beseecli you by ue : we 
pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to Ood I For he bath 
Ouiae Sim to be sin fnt' us, who knew no sin ; that we might be 
made the righteousness of God in him. 

2. ^ VhrUi is to (if. the /oundfitum of our termont, or mimHrj/., 
how art, <m to bttild upon this fomndalion a/ier n right wrt f 

' 1 Cor. 3. 10 — 13. Let every man take heed, how he buildeth 
thereupon ; for other foundation eaa no man lay, than that tie laid, 
which IB Jesus Christ. Now if any man build upon this founda- 
tion gold, silver, predons stones, wood, hay, stubble ; every man's 
work shall be made mani&st , for the day ^lall declare it, because 
it shall be revealed by fire ; and the fire shall try every man's work, 
■of what sort it is. 

3. In order to exereim on mfiueiux imm the varunu charaelert 
■among the people ofom- charge, how ought we to vntiiaie the exas^k 
<}f Po,vl in. a proper way, who OMuret tM..- 



282 Mumnu' ooMtOLiitos ax houikiit- 

' 2 Cor. 9. 19 — 22. Thouh I be free from fttl men, yet lutve I 
made mjaelf Mrvant unto all, that I muht sain tlie more. And 
ditto tbe Jews I became as a Jew, that 1 mignt gain die JewB; to 
them that are onder the law, ae under the law, that I might gain 
them that are under the law ; to them that are without law, m 
without law, (being not without law to Gkid, but under the law to 
ChriBt), that I might gun them, that are without law. To the 
weak became I as weak, that I might sun the weak ; 1 am made 
all thingti to all men, that I might d; ^ means save some. 

f^gned b; the memberB of the Unitj'H Elders' Conference. 
Bertheledorf, Maj 7th, 1852. 

l>nTing the seeeione of the Conference, die diBcusrion of the 
^ree heads of the preceding programme elicited TBrions remarks 
and obeervationa : 

In reference to the firet, tbe Rev. Mr. Kloae, the venerable pas- 
tor of Bnrkersdorf, expreawd hie thanks in a feeling manner, that 
tiod had induced the presding elders to submit such precaons words 
to tbe conmderation of conferenoe. He for one had been deeply 
and tenderly affected by them, and more eapecially by the scripture 

Oe subjoined to the first question. That heajt only, that had 
Christ crucified to be his atoning Mediator, conid look up to 
Almighty God, and cry : Abba, Father ! 

He moreover referred in a few words to those days, when to 
confess Christ omcified was a thing almost unheard of and sure to 
bring ignominy and reproach upon the witness, and closed his 
remarks bv requesting leave as a &ther, who had for fifty-two years 
past att«nded this conference, to charge his dear bi^tlu^n in the 
ministry never to forget such passages of holy writ^d more especi- 
ally Christ cmoified. 

At the close of the conversation the remark was subjoined, that 
experience in numberless instances from the primitive times of 
Christianity up to the present moment, had clearly shown, that he 
only, who has realized the truth of the reconciliation by Christ's 
death, in his heart, is in possesMon of the true and right kind of 
life, and can prove a real blesfdng to others. 

The book of the Acts of the apostles, shows that the doctrine of 
the reconciliatdon by Christ's death, constituted the essence of their 
preaching ; Church history proves in many aaaee, how spiritual life 
continued only so long in the different churches and communities, 
as this truth oontinu^ to be their foundataon ; and the history of 
misfflons teaches, that nothing so poweriiilly, eSeotually and fruit- 
fiiUy impiessee Uie human hearty as the preaoliing of Jesus, the 
Crnoified, who is our reoonoiliation. 

Bnt also at the present day, experience every where teaches, 
%hxt where a minister preaches this truth openly and in its purity^ 



there pewie will fiock to hear him, and hear him widi profit to 
their eouls. Finally many a clergyman, who has not yet realised 
the life impartisg principle of this truth, is bound to admit, that 
he often stands at ack and dying beds, incapable of comforting and 
cheering the patient, and that he is ofton deeply confonnded by 
witaeesine the cheerful coofidenoe, with which such as are borne 
and upheld by this trath, joyfully encounter death. Several 
instances of clergymen were quoted, to show, how they were led on 
suoh ocoaaons to discover their utter spiritual poverty, and thereby 
finally introduced to give themselves up to Christ. 

Y the gra4x of God lam. — what lam. 

Our first AllegisBoe ia to QoA, — Onr chief enemy ia dn — Onr 
greatest Victory is the conquest of onrselves. 

« %A lA« daj/t of my life. 

When warned with grateful love to Thee my Loid 
My thoughts be^n to oount Thy &vors o'er I 
What numbers can the boundless sum record 7 
How vain the attempt \ Aatonish'd I adore. 

Oft hast Thou Itsten'd to my humble pray'r 
Oft at my cry unwearied — merey came, 
be Thy goodneas — Thy indulgent care 
My ooDstsBt refuge — my delightful theme. 

All I enjoy, and all I hope — is Thine ; 
Unworthineea alone belonga to me; 
Inspire me, my God with love divine ; 
And make my life, a hymn of praise to Theel 

Faith, Hope and Chaviij/. 

Faith, hope and love were questiou'd what they thought 

Of fature gl(»^, which religion taught I 

Now Futh believ'd it firmly to be true, 

And Hope expected ao to &ni it too — 

Love BDSwer'a, smiling, with a oonscioua glow, 

Believe— expect— I know it to be m I 



Baring tke half year la«t paet, enconr^ng nporte have reached 
uB from several of our congregations. On WhitSimdaiy the cob- 
ffregatdon at Bethlehem enjoyed a blessed time of refreshing from 
die presence of the Lord on the oeeflHion of the solemn reception 
into the Charch of twenty-three young persons by oonfirmation 
and one aduit by holy baptism. Of this day also the oongregation 
at Laucaeter could truly say that it was a di^, which the Lora had 
made, twelve persons having been solemnly t&beo into the Cfanrch 
of Christ, nine by confirmation and three by baptism. InG-naden- 
hnetten, Ohio, not only haa the large new Choreh, which was con- 
secrated in November last, been remarkably well filled on Sundaya 
with an attentive audience, but evidences are not wanting of the 
work of the divine Hpirit in the hearts of many ; among them we 
would notice the number of young persons, who have voluntarily 
-come forward to be received into the Church. On Palm-Snnday, 
thirty-two were thus added by oonfirmation to the congregation and 
we trust, to the invisible Churoh of Christ. The «x«rcues of tiie 
day were tliroaghout renmrkably solemn and impressive, 

In the neighborhood of Gnadenhnetten the preaching of the 
Oospel appears to have been si^i^y owned and blessed by the 
head of his Church. In Fry's valley, where for many years there 
had been regular preaching chiefly in the English langnage, many 
«f the German population, of other denominatimiB, bad repeatedly 
and nigently requested to have the word of life proclaimed to them 
in their language. This had been complied with by br. Bachman, 
4nd he has been greatly encouraged in his labor of love, by the 
numerous atteod^ce of listening and deeply tatereated hearers ; 
the chnrch kos Invarinhly been well filled, onen to overfiowing and 
Anally fourteen individuals came forward to receive preparatory in- 
struction for confirmation, who, on Saturday the 14th gf Hay were 
joined to the Church of Christ by that rite. The eiercises lasted 
through the greater part of the day — the audience was very large, 
and evidently de^ly impresRed wiui tbe solemnitieH of the occasion. 
Not long since as application waa made to the same brother by a 
aumberofgermanreudentainaDother direction. Thoughmuch strait- 
ened for time, he complied with the request as much as circumstances 
would admit. These good people also reoeiTed tbe word with glad- 
ness and have manifested the sincerity of their desire by setting on 
foot a subscription for building a Church ; which has been so well 
anstained, that there is UttJe doubt of theH attaining their object 
mtk the blessing ot QwL 




Secommended lo ike thtdy of yowig persont who are in preparatum- 
forOieRiUof C(mJlrmationf or Adidt Baptttm, before pcaiakmg,, 
for the firtt time, of the Sol^ Commimio*. 

The caadidate would do well to lead and'miudder ftttentivelj, the 
Institution of the Jewiah Passowi^ Ex. 12, 1—30; and 43—60, 

Notice the slaying of the Passover, or Paschal Lamb, and the 
sprinkline of its blood on<the door-poats and lintela of the honses 
of the childien of Israel r verse 5 — 7. 

Observe why it is called the Passover. Ex. 12. 12, 13 ; 23-27;. 
and compare Uie«e passages-with Heb. 11, 28. You will then see 
the object of. Mllthg tlie passover: and, remember, "'Without' 
sheddine of blood there ia no remisaion" of sin : Hob. 9. 22. 

The Pasohal lamb represents Christ our Savior. See John 1, 29,. 
and 1 Cor. 6, 7. 

The Paschal Lamb means the Passover kmb; intimating to 
^tare, or pass over : Ex. 12, 23, The destroying angel conld not 
enter the doors where the blood of the l^nb was sprinkled : he 
passed over those doors. In this way Hbe sparing mercy of God is 
made known to the believer in Jesos Christ. 

As the Israelite was saved from the power of the destroying 
angel, by the sprinkling of the blood ofthe lamb on the door^sts. 
and lintel of hie house ; so the ehristiaa. b saved mth »ii everlasting 
salvation, through. &tth ih iJie blood of Christ Jesus Christ our 
Savior ia "The Iamb slain from the foundation of the world:" 
Rev. 12, 8. Hi's blood poured out is the ransom, or atonement for 
the soul, — faith in his blood-sheddmg saves the sinner. 8eeLeT.17,, 
11, and compare it with Heb. 9, 13, 14. 

Read the account of the Institution of the Lord's Supper, Matt,. 
26. 26—28 ; Mark 14, 22—24; Luke 22, 19, 20. 

The Lord's Supper was instituted by our Savior immediately. 
after he bad eaten the passover with hiB disciplos; (Sec the verses.. 
immediately preceding the above references;) and then give jour 
mind and heart to atndy the following «eiie» points ofdoctriue, con- 
nected with that Institution.. 

1. The object of the Lord's Snppen It is intended to keep up' 
a lively remembrance of Chrisf s death in the Chnrch, and in the 
hearts of hia believing people, vntil he aomea to be glorified in his- 
sainte, and make his people "more than conquerors." See Luke.. 
22,19; ICor. 11,24,25; John 14^.1— 3; Bom. S, 37. 


2. The Lord's Supper represents the mumer of Christ's de&tli. 
The brekd repreeeDts hie bod;, which waa broken for us upon the 
croes. The wine represents his blood, which wasponred ontae the 
fttonement for onr souls. His life was given for the life of the 
world; John 6, 51. This is the fountain which is opened for mb 
and uucleanneBS ; ZeA. 13, 1. 

8. The Lord's Supper is a token to the believer of the remission 
ofhisdns. "His own self bare our mns in'kis own body <hi tlie 
tree." " He was wounded for our transgressions ; he was braised 
for our iniquities ; the chastisement of our peace was upon him ; 
and with Ms stripes we are healed." Matt. 26, 28 ; 1 Pet. 2. 24 ; 
Isa. 53. 6. 

4. The Lord's Supper is a token of oommuniou, or fellowship, 
with God our Savior and his Church. 1 Cor. 10, 16, 17 ; Matt. 
26, 27. See also 1 John 1, 3—7. 

5. As the blood of the passoTer was a token of safet; to tite 
Israelites in Egypt, so the blood of Christ is a token of safety to 
all believers: " Christ oar passover is sacrificed for tis." 1 Cor. 5.7- 
His blood poured out, as represented by the wine in the Lord's 
Supper, is the token of Ood's Covenant by which salvation is made 
iure to the christian. " This is the new testament (covenant) in 
my blood," salth oar Savior, " which is shed for you — " For the 
remission of sins." By faith in his blood whioh was shed for as, 
his people are delivered f^m the power of the destroying angel, 
and made heirs of everlasting life. John 6, 85, 40, 47. These 
verses are the same in meaning with verses 51, S3, 55. Consider 
those verses attentively in the following order, and look at our 
Savior's explanation of them, verse 68. 

John 6, 35; " Jesas said i 
them, I am the bread of life 
that cometh to me shall nev^ heaven ; if any 
hanger ; and he that believeth on 
me shall never thirst." 

John 6, 51. " I am the living 
bread which came down from 
bread be shall live for ever ; and 
the bread that I will give is my 
flesh, which I will give for the 
Ver. 40. "And this is the will life of the world." 
of him that sent me, that every Ver. 53. " Verily, verily, I 
one which seeth the Son, and be- say unto you, except ye eat the 
lieveth on him, may have ever- flesh of the Son of man, and 
lasting life ; and I will raise him drink his blood, ye have no life 
up at the last day." in you." 

Ver. 54. "Whoso eateth mj 
Ver. 47. " Verily, verily, I say Besh and drinketh my blood, hath 
onto you, he that believeth on me eternal life ; and I will raise him 

hath everlasting life." 

up at the last day."* 



It is evident to every weU-dinpoeed mind, titat these Teram mean 
one and the same thing ; believing on Christ, and eating big degh, 
and drinking Ids blood, have the aame promise of eternal life, and 
a glorions legurrectdon at the last dayj and our Savior's words 
npon the subjeot are so plain that there can be no doubt about the 
.matter. Ver. 63. "It is the spirit that.qoickenetJi; tbe flesh 

Srofitetb nothing." See, in connexion with this subject, Epb. 2, 
, 9. " Bj graoe are je saved, through laith, and that not of your- 
selves ; it is the gift of God ; not of works, lest any man should 

Compare the above with John 3, 16, and 1 John 5, 9 — 13. 

I'roja an attentive consideration of these passwee of soripture, 
&e believer in our Savior Jesus Cbrist will see Uiat faith in his 
atonement, as represented by those ordinances which he has estab- 
lished in his church, to which every true child of God will consoi- 
ODtioasIy attend, Is the same in meaning with eating his flesh and 
drinking hia blood ; and that they are in direct opposition to the 
popish doctrine of Transnbstantiation. 

6. The Iiord's supper is a token to his church, that He, her 
Lord and Master, will come again. 1 Cor. 11, 26; John 14, 1—3. 

7. As no unoiroumoised person was permitted to eat of the pass- 
over, Ex. 12, 18 ; so no unbeliever or unbaptdzed person should 
partake of the Lord's Supper. — The rite of Adult Baptism, or that 
of Oonfirmatdon into Ood'a Covenant where Infant Baptism has 
taken place, is the public avowal of faith in our Savior's death and 
resuirection, as the seal of the covenant, by which righteousness is 
imputed to all who believe in Jesus our Lord, as being delivered 
for our ofiences, and raised again for our justification. Bom. 4, II, 

Being baptized (with water as the rign) into the death of Christ, 
is tlie token to behevers of their being washed from sin, and rused 
to newness of life in this present time; ^nd it bears witness, in • 

to mpport the vaihaUoired doctrine of truigDbatantUtioD. TruiBubstaiitiB- 
tiMi meuu, the cbuige of one snbglaiice into another ; a Ihing which no man 
can do b; men wndi : it is ths work of God alone. Wben our Savior 
dianged the water into wine, thiit was Iratuubttantion ,- because tbe change 
from water into wine waa evident to tbe taste and common sense anderstand- 
ing of thoM who dranb of it. But no popish priest can change bread into 
fleoh ; it IB contrary to common sense : the bread is bread Btill^ and untiJ it 
imunes the nature, taste, and appearance of flesh and blood, there can be 
BO IransubMuitiBIJaa. Yet popish priesla have the tiardibood to assert, that 
aa soon as the; pruiounce Iba words '■ This is my body," the tiread is 
chaBged into the bodj, blood, soul, and divinit; of tbe Lord Jesus ! and tben, 
under this anfiil delusion, they fall down in prostration, and give it that 
worship which is due to God alone ! ! God requires nothing from his creat- 
OTM which is contrary to common sense ; but popery, nnder the pretence of 
Inmiabstantiation, detliiones common sense and sets up idolatry of the basest 
•ort. Ma; the Lord preaerve us frotn this featfitl pestilwce, wtiidi is destroy- 
ing its thousands. 

^ItK vo^mamva rta i.tntD's ammiB. 

titeir litipp; experience, to the renewing of &e Holy Splnt ntfto 
everUstuig Hfe. The j who are thus intr^ueed, by baptism throngli 
ftdtb, into fellowship wiSi<!bnBt and hia chnn^, are worthy oom> 
mnnicanta. See Rom. 10, '9 ; Ool. 2, 11 — 14 ; Rom. 6, S, 4. 
Compare these references with 1 Cor. II, 27 — 29, 

Unbelievan, and iROked, ungodly pereoni, whether baptized or 
not, are nnworthy ; amd have no right to partake of the Lord's 
Supper. They have no title to the communion of Siunta. In 
attempting to sit down among the Mthfiil in Christ Jesos, at the 
Lord's Supper, they bear witness against themselTes, and eat and 
drink their own condemnation. 1 Cor. 10, 21; 2 Cor. 6, 11 — 18; 
1 Cor. 11, 27—29; 2 Cor. 13, 5. 

A worthy commuucaBt 48 one who simply believes in Jesoa 
Chriat as being his Saviot, and who truly decree to regulate hia 
walk and eonversataon according to the teaching of God's holy 
word. An nnworthy communicant is an imbeliever or an ungodly 

The object of Confirmation before 'partaking of the Lord's Sup- 
per for the first time mth Wb church, is, Te oonfinn believers in 
tlieir Baptismal Covenant ; to Mve them an opportunity of avow- 
ing their faith in the death of Christ for the tialvalion of nnners ; 
. and to give a public recognifion of their fellowship with the Church 
.by the imposition of hands of the Bishop or Elder. 

In this act there is a declaration of the person's having been bap- 
tized, and that he is now a believer in Christ Jesus. 

The confesHon of faith, and the disposition of mind, which 
.'should characterize a candidate for con&^madon and the Lord's 
Supper, may be summed up in the following order. 

First. I believe that, Hke all others of tae hnmas race, I am a 
* fallen sinful creature j and that on account of my transgresmons, I 
•deserve nothing &oro God but wrath and punishmmit. G^ 3, 10; 
Ecclea. 7, 20 ; Eom. 3, 19. 

Second. I believe that the Lord of Gfe uid gkny beoune a mm, 
and that He, by hia innocent life, meritorious sufferings, blood- 
shedding, and death, hath redeemed and reconciled me to himself; 
so that I am no longer, necessarily, the bondslave of ain and sataa. 
Col. 1, 20—28. 

Thiid. I believe that the blood of onr Lord Jenu Christ wm 
poured out as the atMiement (redemptitm price) for my soul ; and 
that by virtue of Iss death and regnrreotion, I have the fotgiveocK 
-of sins, and eternal life. And I beCave that he will come again 
Jind receive me unto hunself, that where he is, dkere I may be also. 

Fourth. I desire to live by faith in our Lord Jeens Christ, 
According to the teaching of his word and Spirit ; and while pu- 
iULking of bread and wine, in remembrance of his body broken ^1 


boNOBiHitio tax lobd'b b^iveb. i^f 

Qis blood ahed, I de^re to f«ad upon him by faitix vith thutkegiT- 
ing ; and to sbov forth his death In commuhioa with hia church> 

"mjtil he oome." 


The candidate for GoBfinuBfjon ia expected to insko dp his mindj 

through grace, and in accordance with these Urmciples of £uth, so 

bs to be able to g^ve a reasoh of the hope that ie in Him, in the 

^iiit of die following questionB. 


DoHt thou believe in the one, only God, Father, Son, and Holjr 
Oh<wt; who created all thln^e b; JeBoa Christ; t^d waein Gluiat 
reconciling the world unto himself? 

An*. I do. See Matt. 28, 19; Eph. 3: 9; 2 Cor. 5, 19. 

Boat thou belisTB in JesUs Christ, the only-begotten So& of Vodj 
by whom are all things, and we through him f (>)1. 1, 16 — 19; 

DoBt thoti believe that He is thy Lord irho redeemed theoj i 
lost and andone human oreattire ; porobued and gained the« £raiii 
nn, from deathi, and from the power at the devil ; not with gold or 
diver, but with hie holy precious blood, and with his iniiooent 
BnfTering and dying, to the end that then shonldest be his own } 
and being renewed throng hJB gmee, shonldest become a happj 
partaker of evwlasti&g life ? John 8, 16, 17 ; 1 Pet; 1, 18, l9; 

An*. I verll* believe It. 


Ihwt thou desire to be Confirmed in thf Baptiidbal CovehaHtj 
by the washing of r^neration and renewing of the Holy Obofltj 
dirongh &ith in the blood of Jesiu Chriiit? Tit. 3, 5 — 7. 

Am. I do; 

Stt- . 

Dost thon desire to be embodied ifito the CdngregatloU of th(j 
bithful, to put cm the netr man, which of God is oreated in right.' 
aonsneeB aiM true holiness ; uid to become a jutrtaher with tu^ 
Uurongh ftitli, of the body uid blood of Christ, in the Lord's Sup- 
per ; in remembrance c€ his death for our aalvation ; and dost 
thou desire to live under him, and serve him, as thy Lord aai 
Master, in etraual rightoousneie, holiness, and happintss 7 Erik 
4, a4 ; 1 Cor. 10, 16, 17. 

Aiu. This is my sincere desiTe; 

olate his walk and conversation aceording to the t«aohiUg ol 
holy wMd. 

That man is no ohristian who is dot uiideT the hallowed inin- 
Moe of fiuth Working by love. 

All €k>d'i dew iMmkh will flad souad dootrine by whiah ttf 


3S^ oduxtNioATias, no. tv. 

reffulalc their lives, in the followiag scriptures; fgid the; will d<t 

frell to study them prayerfully, ^ttifully, and frequently. 

Exod. iz. 1 — 17 ; Isa. v.; Christ's Sermon on the Mouot, 
Matt. T, vi, vii, &ad zxv ; Luke xiv. xv ; Bom. zii, xiii, xtv ; I 
Cor. riii: Gal. v. ri; Eph. iv,V,vi;; Col. ii, iii ; ITim. 
fi. vi ; Tit. ii. iii ; James i, ii, iii, iv, V ; 1 Pet. ii, iii ; 1 John i, 
i;, ill, iv, V. 

The frequent, prayerfnl, and faithful study of these thirty-si^ 
ehspters, will open op Ood's parpoae of graoe towards fallen man 
so effeotually, that the Bible will h« no loneer a eeaJed book to the 
Audcnt who has made qp his mind to follow on in this blessed 
coarse of tiallowed Divinity. 

To the tldUor • — 
Th^ollowing article, aifsfferiug some points of "Brethren's Churc& 
No. 1," whioh appeared in your June No. (and to which we bejf 
reference,) was prepared for the July No.; but our absence from 
home and the knowledge that your pages would be filled witb 
nuttt^ having an earlier claim, we deferred sending it undt now,- 
when we hope you can spare room for the publication of 

It appears to us that an important crisis is drawing on in the 
Brctlirun's Chnroh. Various signs of encouragement are manifest 
' that she is becoming allfc to a sense of her shoi't-eomings ; to an 
appreciation of her unhealthy condition ; to a spirit of examina- 
tion into the causes of her spiritual declension and lassitude. A 
defflre Is abroad to annul " or^mizstlons once really useful to a 
certain stage of civilisation but whose period (for good) has passed 


It was from our hopes and our fears, oitr lovo to thb essential 
virtue that remains in the Church, the lively affection that has 
bound ua to it from early childhood, through youth to manhood's 
prime, for our children's sake ; for reverence to the affection that 
our forefathers bore it ; for the vast amount of benefit that we yet 
believe it to perform in the groat christian vineyard and that there 
is still in it sufficient inherent vigor " of christian wisdom" to oast 
off Bpe»t, and therefore encumbering organizations. It was from 
motives and stimulents such as these that we, one of the humblest 
of the brotherhood, applied ourselves as a duty to assist in the 
labor. Wc foresaw that a mass of old prejudice^ would bristle up 
ugMnst US, that it was a bold, a perilous, and in a degree a thank- 
lc!» undertaking; nevertheless, believing our motives not t« be 
mistaken ones, with a deep eeneo of onr deficiencies and of the 
help needed from a higher power, even Christ, we resolved to per- 
•evore, to suggest^ to call forth reflection and attention, if possiole, 



^m all but eapeciafly from the latttf to a feeling of their duty and 
responsibility is taking an active share, in all matters proper to 
them, in the direction of the affaire and goverament of the Church. 
We use the term " L^tj" for convenience only, as onr Ohuicb has 
no laity in the common meaning of the word. The laity have the 
nght to act and to legislate for the Chunsh, and as there can be no 
right without a proportionate degree of reapouEdbiUty, they ctumot 
be held guiltless if they neglect or avoid the performance of the 
p»t devolving npon them. They should be co-laborers with the 
ministry — they sbould encourage and quicken their leal, " hold up ' 
tb.eir hands" and although they lead uie van when going " about 
doing good" they should follow closely to support uiem in their 
«nterpnae8 and labors. 

It was to enjoin tfaeee condderatuons npon the attention of the 
Ohuroh in America that we took up the pen, bat not to write dis- 
sertations updn Church History — not to look behind so much ee t« 
look before, and to examine, idong with our " Ministers' Confer- 
ence," the question of the " peculiar mission of the Brethren's 
Chnroh in America." We were therefore surprised that after hav- 
ing had one official reply to our " Communication No. 1," that we 
are &vored, at length, with a second, from the same source, in a Mi*- 
loricfU article entitied " Brethren's Chnrch, No. 1." It must have 
occurred to the writer that his pro/ested reply fell short of the end 
proposed, and from a conviction of itA importance we propose to 
show that the writer of it is equally unfortunate in his second uu- 
dertaMng; as well aa to make some remarks npon other portions 
of it as tiiey may serve to develope our viewB npon the Mission of 
onr Church in Junerica. 

The impression left upon ns after tJie peniB^ of the article was, 
that it was eminently c(dcalat«d to stifle enquiry into the state of 
the Church, by giving the impfemon that it is iridely extended 
over the worid, in a high condition of activity, consequentjy to 
satisfy the mind that IJiinge are well enough as they are )— to per- 
petuate the " organizations" that have produced the withering up 
of all energy beyond a passive existence, a fixed, undeviating, 
worn-out routine, and, by an assnmption of superior knowledge in 
the mysteries and history of the Chorch, to disconi^^ and prevent 
the non.jniniBtenal brethren from intermeddling in the affiurs of 
the Church, 

We learn that " not a few even of the older members of our 
American oongregatioiis" are accused of being ignorant " to state 
clearly why they might not be Lutherans, Presbyterians or Epiaco- 
p^ians, as well as MoraviauH." Well, who, admitting tor a 
moment such a humiliating fact, have we to thank for this 7 or ■' 
the mystery of Moravianism so onattainably great that our t^ 
are unable to impart the information and Miat it thereft>' 
seated up in the breasts of a few gifted Gamaliels ? 


ESQ coMMirNKiAnoii, m. it. 

^ Hntoe he hi aot wgoder, sinage m it idkj wmaa" that (mm 
of thaw <Jd, nkUflereiidy twriit loopbwB put fgrwrd "ikallnn* 
ylSatf the qneatiap, " Can uu (Aiuiih hsTw recetTed a diflbroit 
fOmmiHioa from u; otkor ta«e uid enmgdtnl Ghuch of Chratf 
Pid Ohnut eatabljab BOf* lh*n one nde) nile (md Imt— wore ihtta 
on* roli^oii f The aoapd adteve bm Imt one end ai>d aim, the 
Mlntioii of roinltieia; thefefin* vwry step that coodnote to Art 
pnA eiiivrt ■> the Hiaaioii of die (%iD«h." 
Ipt DMSt be bofBo JB nuBd, A>t the above ma not wiittan ae, ik^^ 
' m^ied to the Ohndi'a ffiatoiy, but had nfeienee entin^ to » 
saUect ^id» diaoanioB br the late " MiBietefe' OonHsnaee" an 
Bedilehea, in whieh we tAt that we, aa well ae thej, had a parfset 
right to expRH an opinion, theiefore onr Borpriae at Ais o<it«f-4ke-. 
fay ifttempt to otctUuow Ita bearing by iiwilnnating that we an 
igBMnqt (A tbe Obnok's Hietory wl£ which it had nothii^ to d* 
imd is tntTelling out of die reooid, ia therefore agratnitonB acwiwa 
doM both to Bs, and what is mcae, to otho' " older mranijers of oar 
Amorioan oonsr^ations" and to whom, at least, we believe he owea 
as apol<M7, Beliering ae we do diat the Chnioh is foonded taa^. 
r^iatiaal^ on Christ, a»d |m>fe8seB to t&ke die Holy Scriptures, aa 
^By 9tKnd, for its goide ind andiority, and ofasernpg '^at " onf 
{MiniMers" differed much in thdr d^dtion of Ae qneet^oai, taA 
wandered more or lees into peiplexiog abettaoticms, we n>tiq«l^ 
asked "in the nmiOici^ oi onr hearts" if Christ t^ eitablfahed 
pMie tluQ one leli^oq, ete., as above qnoted. We af^esled dii«^. 
\j totiuB, belierioi that die iaeritaUe answer to o«T«mpIe,dtM|^ 
aU-impMiant qwestioa, definitely setdea the matter, and etiikeB at 
the root of all the evils, aqd iuTentions of aatn, that hata o^ncas^ 
fd the Choroh nnoe our good and great Zim^dtn^ ckecfc-aated 
or TetoetJ tl)e spread of the Ohnroh, as sntA, in ariliied oonatriea, 
and which polUji as far aa praodci^, has been (flowed down to 
fmr own dm«e. 

In the answer to our aneetion, we find no warrant for retarding 
the ^wth of t)ie Ohnroh, for reasons piu«ly bmnanand pradoitifUi 
SO ftntJt<^t;^ to pause and ealenlate ue oost to Snstentadon Mao-. 
oniee in die eapport and ednoataon of an addidoBal number sf 
(Aildreq, and In eupplying the necesBttiei of more Hupetannated 
Ubcvers, kbA all ^e pei^exitieB and ills arinng frcm this souroe ; 
^o sanction for measuring the e(t«nt of our Zion by the aaiount of 
die property we possess ; no batanoing between the Word and God ; 
|io reascnp 1^ the seculariiadon of a large pwtion of the ol«gy 
by the employment of their time and talents In temporal afikin to 
the tnjnry and n^eet of tStUn sptrltual, nor for cMtjqaintt dBr> 
worn institutions a^r their eAoacy has deputed ;— <-bBt we«e tjad 
jn it a^thorit^ to "go and preach the Q«tf>d to every oreataie." 
To go " out into the bigbway* and hedges and <oonul than 1Q 



We beliere tiuX Una one gnnd uid mnerel mission giyen to the 
Chiveh is all-fnifitoieBt, and that out of it springB a thonaaiid ani 
tcQB ot thousands of special miasioDs, euou^ to meet erery emer- 
awey, that ea» possibtj be re(]aired for the extension of the 
^nrc^, the salTalion of maokind, and the glorification of the 
eternal tFeborcb. Let the Ohuxdi go forvoid with a aagle eye, 
deteniUBed to fulfil the great and geaeral misBion, enjoined Mf(m it 
)n Christ, and a salutary dituige ^ life and prosperity wilt imme- 
fttttdy enroe. " The wilderness and the Bolitwy [Jace shall be 
j^ad Kr them, and the desert shall rejinoe and Uossow as the roee." 

Gro forward in iaith and we will find that He, " whose ie tbe 
rilrer and gt^" who feeds the young mvena that do ery, who 
dotfaes the filiee of the field, who uj^olds the little ifianfowa, aoil 
Bsmben Ae htur of our b«ed, will soiuiah and cherish hie otra, 
Mid ^i>Ti4e for their vanta in tliis wwld, for thor heaTOnly Father 
kMve that tliey have need of these t^ungs. 

But we are told, th^ " the toays and meaiu of this ««e great ob- 
JMt an difEereot, wtd m»ut be d^hrtnt." " As many roads lead tc 
itiv Mne Mtj" eta. 

God i» omnipoteBt. He will be worshipped. If man " kofah 
hia peaee tfae atonee will immediately cry out." Ss will have nan 
to be atred and is infinite in soodnees and oompasaion. He ean 
Mtd doee bring good out of erU, and makes the very wntb of sua 
to pr^ae him. Bat bow diffionlt does it amwar fScom the history i^ 
Ohrttriwlty for mw to come to Hint and worship Him, m the 
simple terniB, the hunbte, pl^ str^^^HTrard manner, pointed 
owt in his Qomel. How prone is man to endeavor to improve it, 
by additiooe of his own insdom, and to make the way of salvation 
fHM diffionlt, more ont of the way, so that many miss the road 
Md an hwt, .^Idtongh man has so gone astray in difi'erevt direo- 
liOBS, still the blessed God is willing to receive him from his wan- 
dwines, if He sees a sincere desire to find Him. Nevertheless, 
He will pusi^ bin for his obstinaoy and perveinty. And may 
lK)t tbe anmoroua schisms, sects aJitd branohes into whieb the 
Church is spilt and divided, have been permitted and oontinned 
more in aqger than in love. 

In many roada that lead to a city, sraae are extranely tortnaua 
aad das^wons, roiuh and tedious : others lu&sted by robbers IjiBg 
in Mnbt^ to plonder and destroy, that it is only by a momfi^ 
Bunde, liat any arrive in safrty in the nty—^Jiat la our bnmble 
opiniiDa it may w>t have been ordained by Ood, in hia wisdom, to 
twre these Many more or less devioas roads, bat that he anfEemd 
them in His displeasure at msi^a perversity in engrafting i^On 
£Qs word, erroneous doctrine*, human wisdom, worldly ceremonies, 
(he Rggn^diiaittent of a few hnman beings at the expense of ti>e 
■aai^i in an-o^dng to themsdves prerogativea, whieh He had 
tea«rT«4 to Hmaelf, We sm so simple as to beliere tfaat the 

■ L;,,l,;.:M.,C00<ilc 


fewer the rottds, the legs conftiaed and puzsline, the phuner, Bar> 
rower and Binugbter, the smoother, more leveTand guarded the; 
are, the more certain will the pilgrim be to find the dty. Wedi 
aire it bo plain that "he who nina may read and that the wayfiuing 
men, though fools, uhall not err therin." If we look at the history 
of the past, who of all the the human race have been more ready to 
denounce and devour each other than ChrislianB tra,TelIing difiennt 
roads. Look at the dreadful reli^ons confliotB that scoorged Eng< 
land. What more relentless and terrible than the omel strife be- 
tween the Roman and the EngliBh Church ? See her BcafibldB drench- 
ed with the blood of men and women ; her fires, fed by martyred 
Saints, witness the desolation committed by the implacable Clover- 
honse, the eztermiuating wars of Cromwell, conducted with Bible 
in hand, hia desperate troops named ont of it, praying and Btnnng 
SB they went to the work of slaughter. What but reUj^ons diner- 
encea first peopled this country, and bow tynnuically did tlieae 
very perseonted puritana act to the trATcllers on a different road 
after they became cBtabliehed here. Behold Holland and France, 
and indeed the whole of Europe at various and frequent periods 
deluged in blood arising out of conflicting religions opinions. And 
what were all these good christians doing daring these qnarrela but 
carrying out Bome peculiar mission of Uiis or that Church ? All 
going to the same city by different roads ; indulging the varions 
tastes " of character, temperament and education." Yes, they 
fought like fiends to carry out some peculiar mission wisely ordered 
by Ood-^u his wrath — and continued till very exhanstion and 
desi>lation brought their cont«ntionH to a close, and till an oSended 
flod, in hiH mercy, permitted them to discover the sin and folly of 
their ways. Finally pence has been declared and tolerable harmo- 
ny ensued. But so deep and lasting are the wounds, the eeare and 
prejudices for a cordial unity, which discovers it«elf occasionally 
by an offensive lecture, followed by a bloody riot, or in the more 
harmless manner of Dswspt^r contentions and discusraona like the 
late one between two prominent denominations of "no Church 
without a Bishop," or a strife for splendid edifices allitring to the 
«i,y and fashionable, or in efforts to draw away members from one 
Church to another, eBpecisUy if the prize sought for, oocn|aeB a 
prominent position in Society, which things, by the way, deserve 
exposure and condemnation, for to rob a minister of a member ot 
his flock, seeiDB like stealing his reward, taking away his sheaves 
and his crowns. Certainly tiiey would perform their Master's 
buuness more creditably by seeking the wandering, homeless sinner, 
than in plundering each otiier's flocks. 

Who will affirm that the cause of Christianity has not sorely 
suffered by the nnmeroua diviaions in the christian body, such as 
Ae Presbyterians into the irreconcilable olasaea of Old School and 
New School ; such aa the separation of the Methodiate upon tl)9 



ftfave questloD, with all ita embittering concomitante ; soch ae the 
divisions of the English Church into High Church and Low Churobf 
and the scandal that fbllowB Irom the respective claims and diapn- 
tadons of disseatjng parties; aauh aa religion diluted and dwind' 
ling away into Unitananism, UnivcFBalism and Balionalism. 

Wo think therefore that theee " man; roads" are rather au ocoo^ 
aion for B(»TOwfnl regret, th^i for exultation, and are detrimental 
to Christianity. 

Without donbt thm<c are seasons when it is highly proper to 
eheer and encourage ourselves by a review of the profitable labors 
that we have accomplished. On the other hand, it is well to 
beware, not to repose upon those deeds to the snf^ressioa of further 
■ exertions. We fear we are too apt to laud each other, for the 
wonderous works we have performed, and the merits we Bobmbs, 
"to Bpeak smooth things; too much inclined to magaify onr 
Hissionaty labors; to repeat magnificent oatAlogaea of nations, 
principalities, pTOvtnces, oonntriea and tribes, among whom we have 
tilanted a mission p<»t, a congregation, or where a little bahd of 
brethren have emigrated and settled to better their worldly condi- 
don, thereby giving the idea of great numbers, strength, aad wide- 
ly extended inflaence. Thtf Chureh proper now, as perhaps a cen- 
toiy ago, numbers soaroely 18,000 ; the Diaspora, and converted 
heathen members, added, make an aggregate of only 187,500 souls, 
not as many as several American cities, of a few yea^ standing, 
and making hat a mere infiaitiBmal fraction of the inhabitants of 
the globe ; and, in the fiice of this, we have the flattering announce- 
ment, that " her field is the world" which, in consideration of 
what we are doing, on that extensive theatre, appears little better 
tlian idle Taunting, or a soporific, to Inll tis into alomber, and par-- 
alize OUT awakening energies. Yea, for a century past have we 
been standing atJU or rather in a continual state of decline at least 
equal to what we should have gained from the natural increase of 
soccessiTe generationa. If we do not thoroughly alter and reform 
our mode of proceedings, adapt them to the genius and exegendes 
of the people, the termination of another century will find us jnst 
where we now are, only still more ineignificant by comparison. 

No, instead of the enervating language of self-laudation, calco- 
lated to satisfy us with our paasive state of bare eziatence, let us 
look matters fairly in the &oe, acknowledge our fulures and short- 
eomings, arouse our latent activity, onr inherent spirit of enter- 
prize; reform ourselves at home and abroad, in our government 
and discipline, if need be, in onr theological and educational inati- 
tutjona ; in our secular affairs ; in our mode of operation ; in en- 
larged and liberal views ; in the employment of the power of the 
press, that many-tonged, far sounding messenger ; in a living t»itb, 
and trust in the never-deserting, all-sustaining hand of God, ever 
icady to succor and supply his own. 



Let %u have more freqaont Sjnods, where aadi tatitfnf^tM 
ohall be fiiUy sad ably repreeedted: tVocUTo the wisdom erf the 
tonltittide of ooonsellon ; examine follj, calmly, delibentelj, into 
the atate of malMrB; "prove all things, hold fiwt Aat mUk U 

food." Let plane for the prOaeditlon of the JjodI'b work be Weil 
igestod and arranged ; work Bystematically, imdentaitdiDgly, 
under the fosteridg care, and &tlierly patronage of an ableeentM 
and head; obttdn God's blessing, atiannder Hie eohqtMiiBg banned 
take pOB§e»loS of the labd wnetefer and Aheseyet Hn tad the 
" doors open" in America or Eniope, In Alia Or Airioa, and "iriist-' 
erer Uiy nand findeth to do, do It with thy mights" Then we raaj 
n; troly A»i "our fteld ie the worldi" A. 6. 0^ 

beoeiTed from I^b Anxiliaiy Sooiety for luit yeu, (16 -^ 

" from Xoong UdleB* Samlllai; at Betfalahem M 86 

" from a mater in SeUlleheni, per br. ^"TTiTHTin) 10 -^ 

SvbaerwtiDn* reemved h^ Bea. C. F. SeneUl, BtMeieat, Fk. 
Ffail. A. Lover, 1852. ) 

J. Fiiederitw, " f Omitted in the Jify 

Mm. Butsell " C Knmber. 

E. F. Bourqnin,'6S and '63} 

Beoeived anee Jolj Ist. 
pHlliUiKiiPHlA. — Mrs. Hacker, iw 1852 sad '53, Til. W. Joom^ 

His. Hermui, Mrs. D. Wood, F. J. Christie, A.- Leiaer, Mi www 

S. & A. M. Lex, Mrs. Sofaloeaer, eaoh for 1S53< Mrs. BwstoB. 

1861, '52, and '63. 
Cata«A1H1da. — Owen Bloe, D. Thomas, N. Fegl^, for '53/ 
Lbbanon.— Mrs, L. v. Tschirsky, Mre. H. Moore, H. Kliue. 

Bethlehem. — Edw. P^saart. Bebks Co. — John K. ^^hwrt.' 

Camal DoTEn. — ^Wm. Riokert. 

Dotmtion Upwards the £ohemian <xngr€gation. 
From Mi» Lex, Philadelphia, S5. 






South Aftic* . . - 

WertladiM .... 

Mnquilo Coast 

SuritiBin .... 




A HYMN .... 


COMMUNICATIONS —The Kditor ib not to be wmsdered 

■espotable for the opinions of his correspondents on subjeeta 
'ospevtAng which the Churcli aUows a diversity of eentinteBt. 



AppI; In " The Editor of the Moravian Cbuirh MiBc«llniy," si Betble- 
hem; A1»o :lo Rev. David Bigler, No. 633 Houston at. NewTiwk; 

to Mr. MoMurr«y, 176 Atranlit at., Athenaaum Building. Brooklyn, 

' am] to Rev. Edm. v. Scbweiniti, No. 74 Race at., Philadelpbia ; 

L>nf«Bler, oi at the Brethren's Establishmanls at NazaretB, 

Litis, etc., Ppno^lvania, and Saleni, North Carolina. 





ci^assMCJi. sEJUMJir^mr roMi bo vs. 

NAZABETM BALL, liohhampton Co., Penna. 


BoABD — incliidiiig: Wuhing, Beds uai Bedding, Fnel and Lifhu, u>d Ttr- 

I-ftOH in aJl braochei not deiignated a» extra, per Quuttr, $60 — 

■zT>* CMi«B»»— Le«onB in French, , - , " 8 — 

Drawing, . - . » 3 — 

" Painting, . - . ■• 4 — 

" on the Piano, imindlng U» ubs nf InrtnuBMiW 6 — 

" on the Violin " " " 4 — 

Far tbc DM of the Library, if deiired, S — 

'BoAm and Slattonaij fbniiahed at the imal price*. 

Rbv. Edward Rondthaler, PrindpaL 




wo, 9. 8EPTEMBEB, 18S8. TOL. 4. 

[f' From Periodical ^ccoii»te."3 


In our laat number, we Tentnred to express the hope,' thtit the 
«rar with the Kaffirs, so firuitfol in distresaiBg consequences of al- 
most eveiy kind, was approaching its close ; and the inielligenoe 
which we have now to commonicate will probably be held to be 
confirmatoiy of this expectation. Though peace had not jet been 
proclaimed, hostilities appeared to have pretty generally ceased, and 
the withdrawal of Sandilli, aad the tribes subject to his control or 
influence, beyond the Kei, and the surrender of the majority of the 
rebel Hottentots to the colonial authorities, were indicatioDS, that 
the power as well as the spirit of the enemy was broken, and that 
sometiung like tzanqnility might again be looked for. May it 
please the Lord to {^ve snocesa to this tresh attempt at the pacifi- 
cation of the important and extenuve district of Kaffinuia, and 
render it uistmment&l in His own gracious and almighty hand, to 
the more ^eetoal iAtarodnction of His Gospel and the wider difiir- 
don of the blesdngs of Chrigtiaa instruction and civiliiation. It 
ia meanwhile sataafactory to learn, that the Mission-premiaes and 
the other buildings at ShUoh, bad been folly restored to our Breth- 
ren and tbe faithfiil members of thar mixed congr^adon ; And 
that our fellow-servants had been encourt^ed by Mr. Commissioner 
Calderwood, who hae always shewn himself a kind friend to the 


2M 80UTH AfUCA. 

HisdoB, to take immediite WMoaet tot the rebuilding of di^r 
ohmk and dwelliiig-ltoases. JE^ton aj^ieared to be in a state of 
Dion doobtfol security, the kloofs of Hm Zaiirberg being still in- 
fested widk muaadnB, whose oepredataons kept the adjoining di»- 
triet in oontinoal alann. 

The letter of br. Pranke, of Gramldoo/, will be found to con- 
tain some pleacug oUtoary nolaoes, wiA an aooooBt of the Tint of 
» elergjman of the Church of England, and hia miniBtrations io 
that place and neighborbood. Of the diary of the Leper- EoBpital 
in Robben Island, the few eztraots pyva will not be altogether un- 
acceptable, in displaying Uie power of Divine grace on the hearts 
and lives of some of the most afflicted of the bumim race. The 
brn. KoellHag and Snhl Amush a yarie^ of interesting particntaiB 
relatave to the progrese of the Miedon at Genadendal, and the 
extension of the field of usefulness assigned to our fellow-servants 
in that oldest spheze of MissionaTy labor in Sontli Africa. At the 
outpost of Twistwiel, where the foniidation of a ohapel-eohool was 
laid on the 10th of February, tfaeie appears to be a goodly number, 
both of adnlte and children, e^r for Christian Instruction. Not 
the least remarkable and enoouraging feature of the Missionaiy 
anniversary, celebrated at Oenadcudal, od the 22d of August, was 
the delivery of a very a^ropriate discourse to the assembled oon- 
gregation by the Hottentot tMchet Ihekid Pfeiffer, in which lie 
reminded its members <tf their manifold spiritual privileges, and 
urged them to more abundant and self-denying efforts for the spread 
of the Gospel, on truly evangelical principles. 

Exfy^aet from the Iharg of Shiloh, m the year 1852. 
June 19th. — This day was marked by an occurrence which 
brought oar whole place into commotion. In the morning, a youlli 
was observed near our bouses, clothed in ngs, bare-footed, and 
without either cap or hat. Supposing him to be a Fingoo &om the 
neighborhood, one of ua asked bun: "Wliere are you going?" "To 
my aiater," he replied, " And who is your sister f" "Louisa," 
•ud Uie youth, naming br. Sohsarf 'a nurse. Then followed a scene 
of reei^iition of a peculiar kind. This yenng man, named yosepA 
Sartaian, who had been formerly an inhabitant of Shiloh, had 
joined the rebels, but had fled from their camp in KaJiaria, and 


BOirrH AmoA. 297 

«u HOW seeki^ rrfage wit^ us. He told us fartheF, that aaotfaer 
of oar former membeTs, Urttett Lewis, wtw hidden in a olefl of the 
Focks am the other side of the Elipplaat. His mother, who is still 
living, went hereapon to fetch him. Meanwhile we reported the 
«riiole matter to the commandant of our place, who gave immediate 
orders to one of his captains to see to it, that no aet of violence 
should be committed against these two jonng men. Their flight 
had been attended with considerable danger. They had endeavored 
during the previous nifht to get into the place, and had already 
oroaaed the river opposite the mill, when they were observed by the 
sentiDcl, who, taking them for thieves, fired at them. They then 
tried to enter by the great road, but were driven back by the dogs. 
Thus they were obligM to hide themselves in the clelfe of the roeks 
an the other Bide of the Klipplaat, The night being very cold, b.> 
much eo, that the ice in stagnant water was half an inch thick, it 
is aurprising, that, in their rags, they were not froien to death. 

Having undergone an examination, they were sent to Whittlesea, 
accompaaied by one of our HottentotM, There they were not im- 
prisoned, but placed among Mr. Orgen'a Hottentot levies. The 
latter received them kindly, and immediatoly made one of them 
his servsnt- Another gentleman was gning to engage the services 
of the other, but, Captain Tylden b«Bg absent, this conld not yet 
be arranged. They met coneequently with a better reception than 
JaD Slinger, in December last year, who was kept prisoner for 
some time. Yet even he shewed no inolinadon to ran away, when 
some of his fellow-prisoners broke open the prison-doors and made 
their escape- He was soon afterwWs taken by an Englishman 
mto his service. 

20rt- — In the Dntch public service, gt«at emotion prevailed 
among the Hottoirtots. During the sin^ng of the first hymn, 
many tears were shed, and not s few had to go out of doors to give 
vent to their feelings. When they seriously reflect on the lamen- 
table condition of their firiends and relatives in the desert and in 
the mountains, tbdr hearts must be filled with grief. Who can 
regain from daplori^ with them the infatuation, the blindness, 
and misery of their nation ! The invitation to the Gospel-feast, 
which formed the subject of the sermon, had been often proclaimed 
to them, bat they bad not sufficiently attended to \i. that they 
would now return, amd seek the Lord, and be tmly oonverted to 
Him I 

During the first days of March, we were engaged in the individ- 
■al spei^tog, which waa attended by uxty-two pnaoss. Hm 


29s BOtTH AJBlCi.. 

remftrka of many of om poor lepera were tralj edi^ong, and ix>T9 
clear erideooea to & solid vork of Uvine grace in their hearts. 
The extreme ignoranoe, however, of aoma of the old people, who 
are chiefiy negroes from Weat Airica, gives us mnoh concern. 
Having Bpent their early years as slaves in the colony, they were 
not allowed to go to choron, and consequently, enjoyed no opportn- 
nities of beariBg the Word of God. In some instances, it is tine, 
their masters allowed them to stand at ihe churah-door during 
divine service ; but even the moat favored of their number were 
unable to obtain any religions iostnictios adapted to their capaoi' 
ties. Not a few of these people are sincerely gratefsl for the means 
<tf grace to which they have now free access ; it seems to fill thdr 
hearts with joy, when we tell them, that tJiey, too, are invited to 
partake of the inestimable benefits, which our Savior has procured 
for u3 by dying upon the cross ; and we are favored to witnes» 
many a striking illustratioB of the apostle's word : " God hatfa 
nhosen the foolish things of the world to cosfound tlie wise; and 
God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confonnd tlie 
things which are mighty." 1 Cor. i. 27. 

.Vay iOth. — A poor Hottentot woman, in the last stage of con- 
sumption, expressed an earnest desire to be baptized. She told us, 
that, several years ago, she had attended the church at Grcenekloof ; 
but that she bad subsequently removed to another part of the 
country, where she soon relapsed into her former indiffcrcHCc. 
During the first period of her stay here, she was extremely self- 
righteous, and seemed to have bo sense of her siiifiilnesa and guttt 
in tlie i4ght of God. I endeavored t^i conviuce her, that all men 
are by nature children of wrath, that one tranegrrasfon of the law 
of God ia su£Scient to condemn us; and that it is wholly impossi- 
ble for us to obtain salvation by our own efforts or exeroons. At 
the same time, I directed her to the Lamb of God, which bath 
taken away the sins of the world, and entreated her, as a penitefit 
sinner, to jAaae her whole confidence in His merits and death. The 
liord wsfi pleased to bless my feeble efforts ; she was led by the 
Spirit of God to reflect seriously upon her lost condition ; she began 
to feel that her past life had been spent in the service of ain, and 
that her sonl was in inuninont peril. She then took her refiige to 
Him who came to seek asd to save that which is lost ; and at one 
of my last visits, she told me that she had obtained the assurance 
of ptu-don and peace. Dnring the ceremony of baptism, she was 
so weak that she had to be supported while sitting np in her bed; 
but there was a sweet expression of peace in her oonntenanoe ; and 
kcr gratitnde to the Lord for being permitted to enjoy this privi- 
lege oefore her departure, was expressed with much fervor. On 
the following day, it pleased the Lord t« release her from her suf' 
Cmngfl, aud to take her to Himself. 


-SOtFTB AFBtC&. 299 

Ji% Ha.—Ohrt«eian Windvogd, a caadidate for the Lord's 
-"Supper, departed this life. He Lad been baptized shortly after hia 
arrival at tJie hospital, and vss gubgeqaeiitly admitted a candidate 
for the Holy Conunutiion. At the bc^Bning of the year, he 
became. so feeble, that he was unable to attend 'chwrch, and was 
'Confined to his bed to the day of his death. He was calmly resign- 
ed to the Lord's will, and bore his sufferings without a murmur. 
He would often say, "This world has no more attractions for me; 
I heartily wish to be closely united with my Savior, and I pray 
Him to cleanse me from all my sins." Two days before his de- 
parture, he sent for me, sa^ng that he wished Ut see me once more, 
while he was yet able to speak. I asked him if he felt assured of 
the foTgivenesH of his sins. He repKed, "Yes, I feel that the 
Lord has pardoned me ; and ley only desire is, soon to be permitted 
to go to my Savior." While I was with him, several members of 
our flock assembled round his bed, with whom I sang a few verses, 
«nd then united in prayer. A few hours before his departure, I 
aaw him once more. He was still perfectly conscious, but could 
only utter a few inarticulate sounds. His end was peace. 

Shciraet of a Letter from. Br. C. R. Kcdbing. 

Genadendal, Jan. ISth, 1853. 
Dear Biot^M, 

Another year has elapsed, and the war sBll continues, though we 
have every reason to hope that its termination is not far distant. 
^ur Brethren at Shiloh are beginmng to repair what has beeo de- 
stroyed, ani linpe, ere long, to be able to erect the most necessary 
buildings. Mamre has proved a failure in every respect; and un- 
less we can obtain permission to gather a Fingoo congregation 
there, it will not be advisable to re-establish \%. Whether there is 
any hope of obtaining this permission, our brethren in Shiloh will 
endeavor to ascertain from Mr, Calderwood, the present Civil Com- 
missioner of Victoria, who is a warm friend of our Mission. But 
though the end of the war m^ be near, I haTe strongdoubts as to ' 
the possibility of preventing any future ouAreak. Whether the 
KaEhrs remain where they are, subjugated to British authority, or 
whether they are driven over the Kei, out of the land of their 
forettithcrs, both measures seem to contain the seeds of a future 
war, which will spring up io due time, unless these barbaroug 
tribes are brought under the influence of Christianity. Towards 
the attainment of this object, exertions have been made by various 
.so<Meties, but hitherto with little success. 

Jt,t Enon, the season of trial seems to have produced a goo4 


800 HOnTH APfilOA. 

effect At G«iiMletld&l. I am concerned to say, we have much 
cnuM to mourn orer tne lubtmindedness of tue yonng, and the 
iadifierenoe which is, alsa I out too prevalent among the adnlta ; 
though we shonld be nngrateful if we did not acknowledge, thaX 
manj are found who love tiie Savior, and strive to fallow Hie 
bleesed example. The harveat proved generally a good one, and 
our people are well off'. Of our other congregatioas, I do not ven- 
ture to form or give an; definite opinion ; but, irom what I hear, 
we have every reason to believe, Hat our brethren are not laboring 
in vain, though a new outpouring of the Spirit of God is much to 
be desired. 

Daring the year nast, there have been in our congregation 128 
deaths and 108 births ; 74 have been received or re^mitted ; 28 
have left Genadendal ; and 27 have been struck out of our liate on 
account of absence for several yeaiB ; making a total of 2925 mem- 
bers, bdng seven less than on January 1st, 1852. Of this number, 
910 arc oommnnicanta. 

[n a few monthe, br, and sr. Lnttring will leave ns to return to 
Gnrope, after a fuUiful servioe of 28 yeara in our congregations at 
Genadendal and Etim. They will tue chaive of eleven children 
who are going to Europe for edocation. Sr. Tentaoh will join the 

a, which will probably sail in a Hamburg Vesael returning from 

From Br. D. W. SmU. 

Genadendal, Dec. 2d, 1852. 
Dear Brother, 

Among the various triale which our congregation has had to un- 
dergo in the course of the year, the snddenand unexpected depart- 
ure of our dear br. Teutech stands foremost. You were acquainted 
with him, both personally and as a correspondent; and you will 
fully agree with me, that the Brethren's Church has lost in him a 
faithm and devoted servaiit, our mission an excellent superintendent, 
and we, his surviving fellow-servants, a wise and affecdonate father 
in the Lord. He was devoted with heart and soul to the Mission- 
ary service, for which he had received the unction from the Holy 
One. This was clearly manifest, not only in his public minietra- 
tion^i in the Lord's house, when his simple, hearty manner affected 
every one of his hearers, but also in his whole walk and convert- 
tion. It ia my wish and prayer, that 1 may be fonnd as faithful 
in the use of my one talent as our late brother vras in the use of 
the five which he had received. His loss wis deeply felt by the 
eoBgregatton which he had so faithfully served, and by which he 



was greatly belofed and revered. After every meeting, from the 
day of his depaxtnre to that of his burial, part of the congregation 
assembled before the room where his corrae lay, ainnng versen 
treatiDg of the happiness of the saints in glory. The mneral wan 
DumeroQsly attended ; aboat 70 of our white neighbors were present. 
A man, who, fonr years ago, had been excluded on account of bin 
refractory conduct, but had, Hubsec|uently, been re-admitt«d, said 
to me, while tears almost choked'his voice i " Tea, it is true, what 
Mvnheer said last night, for I was disobedient, and h&ve often 
gneved my dear old father Tentsch ; but I am thankful that he for- 
gave me. I was with him before the last Holy Communion, and 
on my rrauesting him to remember me in big prayers, he answered 
in an emphatic tone of voice : " Yes, I will do so ;" of which I am 
very glad, for he always gire me much good advice." 

Aug. IZth. — About 500 communicants partook of the Lord's 
Supper ; the previous declaratioDB of most of them were edifying 
to us. One of them said : " I sigh day and night to my Savior. 
Twice I was almost in the hands of the XaEBre, but the Lord always 
saved me. I cannot, therefore, but be thankful to Him, for I see 
that He does not despise a poor nnner." Another said : "Jesus 
saved me from the slavery of dn by His sufierings and death, and 
He has also delivered me from the bondage of men ; otherwise, 1 
should not have been able to hear His Word ; for my master would 
never allow me to go to church, and used to tell me, that it would 
be dme enough to be converted on my death-bed. I would also 
exhort my former comrades to thank the Lord ; for, since Decem- 
ber 1st, 1838, (the day of emancipation), every one must render 
an account of himself. 

The missionary -festival was celebrated on Augnst 22d, in a very 
lively and edifjfing manner. In connection with it, I would only 
briefly allude to the impies^ve evening-discourse, delivered by our 
national asustant, Exekid Pfeiffer, on the words of Jesus concern- 
ing Mary : " She hath done what she could." He exhorted hia 
countrymen not to place any fiuth in such as would persuade them, 
that it was unnecessary to rave money for the extension of Ohriut's 
Kingdom. They ought to love the Lord for the sake of His love 
unto death, aod willingly exert themselves for Him. Those who 
bad joined the misssioaary society when it was first established, 
but bad afterwards withdjawn, he exhorted to rejoin it, He did 
not say so to please the teachers, or liecause he hod been favored 
with tl>e privilege of addresdng the meeting, but from the convic- 
tion of bis own neart; f<»', as Uiey had heani to-day, the heathen 
wei« needy, hungry and thirsty, poor and naked, and whosoever, 
being able to assist them, did not do so, did not love the liOrd, and 
would therefore hear the aviiul words: " Depart from me, ye cursed^ 


302 SOUTH AnncA. 

iato everlaatuig fire, prepared for the devil and hia atig«la." I^ 
Jiowever, they gave according to their means, from love to Christ^ 
thej wonld receive a new measure of blesung. He added, that our 
«oBKTegatioii evidently stood in need of a new awakening. 

The «xamiaatiou of the boys' day-school was well conducted by 
<!harlei Vys aad oar elder students, lliough it took place fi>r the 
.first tune without the assistance of br. Kuebn, the enperinteudent 
«f the day-schooL The other students also, I am thankful to be 
Able to state, give good hope. John Zy^dihnnzi set out to-day for 
431arl[9on, where he is appnlnted to serve as cateohist among the 
beathen Kugoos in the neighborhood. The school-masters, Charles 
Josaa, at £noa, and Michtel Baalic, at Klim, continue to hold diB- 
cftursea, a«d Joseph Hardenberg, at Gcedverwacht, is not only dili- 
^eat in teaching, so that 14 of his 50 scholars have learnt to read 
fluently, bnt also in giving Bible-lessons to the coagregatdon, whilst 
liis young aid able helpmate has established a Su«day-school. The 
■congregation at Otedverwacht numbers about 20 baptized members, 
And 50 caadidat«8 for baptism. 

The spiritual stat« of our congregation is at present much more 
satisfactory thas it was a year ago, when the bottle-store in the 
neighborhood was exercising its minefnl influence £tr and wide. At 
the last general speaking, in September, which was attended by 
3200 to 1360 souls, a pleasing harmony appeared to prevail among 
the married people, and we were thanWol to learn that family- 
■worship is much more general than was formerly the case. We 
were likewise gratified to find, that nearly iiU the eijigle brethreu 
and youths who attended, were able to read ; the nngle sisters also 
made a favorable impression upon us. Many of them evinced a 
deep feeling of grief at seeing some members of their choir relapse 
into their former sinful practices. One of them said : " That is 
(he consequence of their pride and lightmindedness ; and we are 
also to blame, not having been fwthful enough ia praying for them." 
A married member of our congregation declared, "Wherever I go 
or stand, I am with my dear Savior ; for I know that I must derive 
from Him ali that I need for ray immortal soul, and I love Him, 
lieoause JBe gave Himself for me. I pray to HJm daily with ray 
dear wife, and tell her that we must coatinually kneel together at 
•our Samor's feet. 

But, while noting down these declarations of an edifying nature, 
such as we are frequently pcnnittod to hear to our encouragement 
from the more matured members of our congrega^on, I am thank- 
All to be able to state, that, in the course of the past year, not a 
jew have been awakened to a sense of their guilt, and have sought 
^d found pardon. I must, however, not omit the case of the blind 
wad aged widow <Sophia. On the sudden departure of her stcp- 



^Ugbter Ia«t year, she had been obliged to seek refuge at Iter 
niece's, a pcreon of bad character, by whom she was mnoo neglect' 
ed. Yet, Sophia suffered patiently, and was meekly reeigned to 
the Lord's wilt, waiting till Hia own time of deliverance should 
como : nor did she hope in rain. For the last four or five months 
of her life she was permitted to enjoy a peaceful Sabbath. The 
Lord put it into the heart of onr chapel-servant, Anna Mary, tw 
care for her. Having obtained the eoneent of her old husband, ii 
poor shepherd, she received her into her own smaU cottage, and 
nursed her to her end in the most charitable manner — her food 
being provided from the poor-bos, and the washing of her linen by 
another pious widow, After the happy departure of the sufferer, a 
fortnight ago, Anna Mary said to me, " I thank our Savior that 
He made me willing to receive and nurse her; for when, at times, 
it would seem to be too heavy a burden for me, I was thereby the 
more driven to Him in prayer for renewed strength and love." 
DccemJ/er %d. 

Having adverted to December 1st, I cannot pass over in silence 
the great event, which, by the hodily emancipation of the slaves, 
has proved the blessed means of bringing so many bondmen of 
Satan into the liberty of the children of God. The consciousness 
of this glorious result will be the principal earthly reward of thost,' 
generous and noble-minded men of England, whose instrumental i-- 
ty the Lord employed for theattainmentof this object. Last night, 
while I was couversiug with a respeotablo mother of a family, slie 
began to tell me, without being prompted by any remark on my 
part, that she had celebrated the previous day with fervent prayer 
and thanksgiving to the Lord for her emancipation. She said, that, 
in the days of slavery, she had always envied the Hottentots of 
UeOadendal, who were allowed to spend the Sundays and festivalit 
with tlie congregation — a privilege which she had ardently, but 
vainly, longed for, till that ever-memorable day arrived. 

As regards sr. Suhl and myself, it has pleased the Lord to visit 
ua with a severe aiflictioD. On September 30th we had, for the 
fourth tjme, the sorrow of being disappointed in our hopes of be- 
coming ]»areQtB to a living ehild. But it is the Lord; may He do 
with us as seemeth Htm good." 

From Br. a. F. Frankc. 
Dear Brother :— Giwnekloof, July 28th, 1852. 

On Sunday last, we had the joy to see our Mend, the Rhenish 
Mismonary, Hahn, from Berseba, arrive here with his whole family. 
He remaiaed three dsys with us, gave us a most interesting report 


304 lOnTH IIBKU. 

af bis sptieie of laW, uid Uluwiae tddnmoS tke 
HiiTiiig been ein^lojed formerly Kt Gnftdenfeld, and his w^luving; 
beea a member of our Society at Elberfeld, they tie quite united 
ID spirit with tiie Bretbreu'a Gliurch. They are now about to 
return to Elberfeld, their home. Should tbey teavel by way or 
Esglaod, I intend to kIto them a letter of iatrodnotion to yon. 
Tbey will be able to tell yon a good deal about our HiegiaH. !nuB 
dear fellow-serrant, who ia of a very praotioal turn, hanng with 
hie own hAada erected churches, scboola, aad dnelling-honsee at tite 
idacee where he wag atatioiied, has rendered ub likewise many a 
kind eecvioe, and will most likely return to (Jmnekloof ofce more 
before hia departure, to ausiat me in the cOBstniction of oni iiouae- 

AU the l»«thren aod eistera are well. Havuia sidered fin more- 
than two months from a aore leg, I am now, through the Lord's- 
mercy, restored again j a privilege which calk f«rth mj giate&il 
praises, for Ki invalid Uisaionary is a mieerable creatore, 

Jkeentbef lu, 1852. 

We had lately a fortnight's visiit from the Ber. Dr. Chnillerir 
minister of the Eaglieh Church at Gi^town, who came hitlMrr 
accompanied by bis lady, in order to visit tbe scattered members 
of his flock, residifl^ in tJiis neighborhood, and to hijld divine aer- 
vice with them. He has been lately appointed by the Biahoi) to> 
act as missioDary among them. There are only the two families- 
af the Meeers. Dockett (at Klaberfalg ; see La Trobe'a J0BmaI> p.. 
345.) belon^ng to the Episcopal Chiuch, and tliese Dr. C. visited: 
on their farms. On Sunday, the 21st of November, we held ouf 
Hsnal aervice la Dutch, at 9 o'cloek » the morning, ^tet which tbe- 
levecend gentleman conducted a service according to tike ritual of 
tbe Church of England and ini the English langoage, afterwards- 
preachrag a aennoa on the text Gah vi. IW. About 40 persons^ 
eolonists, with their&milies, who could ondentandEnglieh'atteBdad. 
Being unacquainted with our conatitutiooj history an* doetriwe,, 
Dr. C. was pleased to find aome books in our amall libra^whicli 
supplied him with the required informatiDn, each as " Molme'^a 
History of the Protestant Chnrch of the United BretbreHi" " His- 
' torioal Sketches of the Mieaione," " Spengenberg'fl Hrposition,"' 
and others. The first Sunday, he was present at the marringe of 
a young Hottentot eouple ; and, the following day, accom^aied'. 
aome of oar Brethren and Sisters to the wedmng-feaat, eoHisting 
of tea and coffee, as b naual among our people here, aad to which 
die MiaauHuries generally are iwttcd. He dtlfgeatly attended all 
our meetings on Snnday, and through the week, tbough he under- 
stood but very little Dutch. They were Koests at our table, and 
BXpressed themselves sati^Sed wit£ oarplaiOt simple fare.. Indeed,, 
they seemed to Eeal qnite at home among us^ asauring us at parting;. 



bow macK pleased they had been with &£it Tisit, whtob they would 
hold in lasting remembTUiee. I Bkonld hwe mentioned before, 
that, at the En^iafa Bervice, the lOOlJi Psalm woe Bung, our Hot- 
tratot teacher, David Lah^, preadiBg at the organ, and myBcIf 
acting as precentor. While the above named parties were here, we 
had the pleaBure of seeing the two Rbemieb Mieaonaries, Hahn 
and Kleinsohmidt, with -their fiuniliee, who were returning from 
the Damara country, and had been nearly five months on the road 
wilb their waggona and oxen. You may eatdly conceiTe that they 
were thoroughly tired of their waoderiDgs through the desert. The 
rest after tlie &tiguea of the journey was very grateful to them and 
their nine children. Both th^ie brethren edified our congregation 
with addreBBes. Mr. Kleinschmidt preached on Sunday from John 
z. 3, and Mr. Hahn addressed the congregation in the evening at 
a nussionary-meeting, in which he gave some account of the life of 
■i/oAn AfrUanm', who had formerly committed many robberies and 
mnrdeiB among ^e Damaraa, but who was afterwarda converted to 
the faith of Christ, and became a witness for the truth. 

The general health in oor congrega^ons is at present, much 
improved, the measles having ceased about the end of October. 
Twenty-one children died of this disorder. One family has been 
^most entirely broken up by the epidemic ; of eight children only 
two survived. One would have thought, that ^e parents would 
have been inconsolable at such a loss ; tiiis, however, was by no 
means the case, Their language was tiat of holy Job — " the 
Lord gave tbem, the Lord has also taken them away." I do not 
mean to say, that, with this Bubmisaion to the will of the Lord, 
there waa mixed up none of that indifference or dullness of feeling 
which is too often observable among the colored pec^le. Among 
the cases of mortality referred to, one deserves to be particularly 
noticed, vii., that of a little girl about ten years old, who bad been 
a diligent attendant on our day-school. When her little sister, 
whom she dearly loved, had died of the measles, this little girl 
said to her parents, " I shall soon follow her, for I do not desire 
to remain any longer with yon here on earth, but wish to be with 
my Savior and my sister in heaven." This statement grieved the 
parents, and they endeavored to reason it away. The little girl, 
however, continued te say, that she no longer felt at home in this 
world, and knew for certein, that the Savior would soon answer ber 
prayers by allowing ber to enter into His rest, and ^lat verv soon, 
because she hoped to celebrate tlie Children's Festival in His pres- 
ence. She recovered from the measles, but it was very evident 
that she had fallen into a decline. When the 17th of October 
arrived, the day on which the children's festival was held, and 
vbich we celebratfid tliis time as a day of thanksgiving for those 



Tho had recovered from the measles, ihe was veT7 uneoBj, bccsiue 
the Savior had not called her home, and implored Him with all her 
heart to come and take her to Himself. I visited her a fev days 
before her end, and found her feather standing near her bed. With 
weeping eyes he said, " I am very modi cast down this day, and 
have shed many tears, not only because the ehild wishes to leave 
us, however trying it is to me to part year after year with one Or 
other of my chil^en, but also on aeconnt of tie words she has 
repeatedly addressed to hh, exhorting as to cle&ve to the Savior as 
long as we live. Words like these deeplv affect me, and make me 
sorrowAil ; for I now feel my great sinftilness, and am ashamed to 
hear snch exhortations from a little child. And withal, she is so 
happy herself, and says, " I cannot I will not, stay with you, I go 
to the Savior, there I shall be safe for ever." A very sweet filing 
of peace was perceptible aronnd her death-bed ; and it was very 
easily to be seen how busy the Spirit of God had been in her ten-' 
der heart, revealing to her the Lord Jesus Christ as the Friend and 
Savior of children. I asked her if she knew what the Savior had 
done for her, to which she replied, " Yes, I do know it, and there- 
fore I dedre to go to Him." Two days after, on the 28tL of Octo- 
ber, she gently Mt asleep in Jesns. 

The fiends of negro education will be gratified to learn, from 
the letters of the bm. Buchner and Heath, that the bmlding recent- 
ly erect«d at Fairfield, in Jamaica, for the ueo of the enlarged 
Training-school, and for which the institntion is indebted to the 
liberality of the Trustees of the " Taylor-Fund," was' opened on 
the 17th of March with the customary sderonitjes, and that the 
school, with its increased complement of 24 boarders, is already in 
active and regular operation. The oontoast drawn by br. Heath, 
* between the humble origin and early straggles of this institution, 
and the state of comparative prosperity to which it has now attain- 
ed, will be interesting to all who have watched its progress for the 
past eleven years. Among the additional country-schools which it 
is proposed to establish, is one f.t a plac« called Aberdeen, a settle- 
ment of Maroons, in the mountains, 15 miles north of New Eden, 
where religious instruction and education are almost equally un- 
known. It appears likely to prove an important sphere of spiritual 


From the smaller ielancls, the reporUt Kre, on Qie whole, saiisfite- 
-toiy. L) Sl Km* and Barbadoes, the work of edncatdon appean 
to be making progre^ ; in Tb&o^, in a still more striking manner, 
— thanks, in a great tneasare, to the tasi and actavity emplojed in 
seeking out the children of poor ignorant pumts, and inducing 
them to attend school. The appointment of br. and sr. EdghiU to 
ihe re-occu)wtion of ClifUui-hill, in Barbadoes, is a token for good 
to the Mission. The letter of br. Sock contuns some pleaang 
notices of the Afission in St. ThoTna*. 

Frmn Br. J. H. Buckaer. 

Fairfield, March 4th. 
Dear Brother, 

Br. E. Reinke ia about te open a school at Aberdeen, aboat 15 
miles from New Eden, among, the MaroonB, a totally: neglected dia- 
trict, though there are many setUers there. It will be a 20^ sdmoL 
We ought to have a superior teacher there, an able and trustwarth;. 
man ; and if we could find and secure the service of sneh an indi- 
vidnal, I wish you would allow us to spend even something more 
upon diis school ; for there is ho place that I know of, that ataads 
more in need of onr labors ; and the people have come agtun >^d 
again, begging ns to do something for them and thdr children. 

The leu Bad perseverance with which our esteemed benefiictor, 
the Treasurer of the London Association, and other kind fiends of 
our Missions in England, have supported us in this department 
of onr labors, are most gratefully appreciated by na. The opening 
of 28 additional schools, within the space of two years, is, indeed, 
an extraordinary . event in the annals of our Misaou in .Jamaica. 
There is yet room for the eetablidiment of a few more ^ but then 
our attention moat be mainly directed to the m^ntaining and per- 
fecting of those in operation. 

There is at present a Committee of the Hoese of Assembly ap- 
pointed, for the purpose of discnsdng a bill on the aubjeotof educa- 
tion. The members of this committee appear to be in good earnest 
I was summoned l^ them, to be examined on this subject; but they 
contented thranaelves rwith receiving a report of our schools, our 
plans, and the results of our experience, wnioh I have forwarded to 
them to-day. Our labors will diua be brought more promin^illy 
before the Goveniment and the pnl^c^ and I am tbankfiil to say, 
that they appear to be regarded-in afavotable light 

March %%d. 
In my last letter, I mentjoned that our new Normal sohotd-htmae 
had been completed. It was on May 20th, last year, that we laid 
I, and, within dght montlis, aJl the timber and 


bwrflis raqi)MM« wva nn m4 'hvw^ into tjutr pnewt ibRpn- 
ITlufi IBM fiipw ■ tpf^ miMftt, hat it (uu»i tu i>o)ve in nijwjl, 

'Without any ^dent or loss, tlie bwldinis ha# bpeea completed 
fiQOorduRg tp the plfW forwwded to you ; a^id ffir tfee pHtpoae for 
'irhjc)i it is demgiie4, it is oeirwjflly all w« oottld desire. 

We ^eje glad that we tad popitpoofd the openiiw of the iiutit«r 
lion tp the 17th, for on Friday, March lltA, we had the unexpected 
.pleasure of eeeing br. Th. Sonderman amTc, In ewopany with br. 
mi Br. IJnd. Tbev had landtid at KingstoD on the Bth. At the 
same time, we heard of the arrivid of br. and ar. Seiler, who were 
also able to join hb on the Idt^. Fairfield was very lively on that 
day; no fewer than Id brethren and nine Bisters, with 11 obUdren, 
were here assembled, for whom we had to find lodgings. The same 
day, the new scholars arrived, one from each of our 13 congrega- 
tions, wi^ the exception of one, who, not having quite recovered 
.&om the measles, could not come before the {ollowing week. 
March 16th, we had «ur General Confereaoe. fir. Geisler preached 
in the morning, and br. Beinke addressed tne oongregation in the 
evening. March 17th, a large •company had assembled bv ten 
'O'clock, including many memWs of oor ueighboriiig negro nocks. 
All appeared to take the liveliest interest in the c^uiag of the in- 
atitntion. Several naaiaters of other denominaticnB were likewise 
present. The senior class of onr scholars opened the sb^ise by 
chanting (he "Te Denm;" after which, I addressed the meeting, 
reviewing the history of the Normal school up to the present time, 
stating pnr plans, and expressing onr hopes for the futore. We 
aeoouqted, with gratitade to the Lm^, the ble»siBgs which have 
hitherto attended our labors in this department, there beii^, at 
fffeaent, no fewer than 13 yonng men engaged in the servioe of onr 
schools, wbo have received thdr education in our Normal Institu- 
tion, and we called upon the congrogatiou to support us with their 
prayers. Hereupon, the Rev. Mr, Eobb, a Presbyterian minister, 
addrsBBed the meeting, and endeavored to impress the sokolais and 
all present with the importance of a good education. The Noma] 
■oholars perforiued several mnsioal pieoes under br, Klesel's direc- 
.^on ; they also sang sevenl hymns, in four parts, and aequitled 
themaelvea very creditably. The service in ihe church being 
■closed, we repured to the new school-house, where we united in 
implonng the Lord's blessing i^n the institution. The meelJBg 
If as closed by the Boholan an^g the Doaoloj^: <*Tbe graee of 
^our Lord Jeans Christ be with us ah. Amen.'' 

] ilicloee you the Bohool pkn, together with the rules and regu- 
lations which we have adopted. You will perceive, that biblical 
ModiesoocntpT nprominsnt pluia; totheee ane added reading Kid 
writing, wlaca, for the ^sent, atiU requin m«efc unetioe ; gvag- 
xafhy, Utiory, gnmnai, q>el^ng iiad pturainet anii»ff*9^i <^^*>- 


l^MMtA, tmd dhgiAg; 90^06 of th« aetfictt olMi Will akt) be Urtlgkt- 
» Bky M A« ^wto-foHe. Fi<dHi Ae rulM tuid tfeg^^otteiiH, yoil 
#iU peKeiVtf, that We inMUd to' eOforcA ttl» strictest otdM trtltt 
regnlarity. The9efcoI»rH*ainflVf*beteft(rtaeHtBtipeiint«lrfeli«:i 
their maanera and habits wiH be closely watched and corrected. 
Cleanliness and dili^nce will be strongly urged upon, diem; and, 
altogether, their trainins Vk^ be aflendad to with tiie same oare as 
their instmotion. It will be our oonstant endeavor to infuse into 
them a ^trit of self-reapect, energy, and perseTeranoe. Id the 
hours appointed for recreation^ they will likewise be instructed in 
grmnaiitiG 6s^fci6e8, in 4hi6h they ta&e great pleutfte, and Some 
of them dhplsy CooBldentbie skill. The iitstitutioii/ doUalsts of t8i> 
Atholsr^, aOiong Whom there are tw6 boarders. 

From Br. G. Beatli.. 

New Bethlehem, March 23d, l853.. 
Dear Brother: 

Last Thursday was an interesting day, being devoted to the 
eonsecration of the new Nonnal-s^ool building at Fairfield. It 1b 
* good-lodiing and coamo^ous house, plain, neat, and solid. It 
fimns a very htmdMme addition to the Tairfield prefluses, and ia a 
moBt utefol and moeh needed one. Its dedication, day MM a day 
of hope m well as % day of harvest. Those of the bt«threa present, 
who omld look baok some fonileen years, to the time wh«in br.- 
Zwb, aided by br. Kandford, commenced teaching ttto n^i;ro 
yooths, utd traini&g them for fature usefnloess in the mission, and 
who, a few yeurfi iat«r, (in 1843^) saw the &st half-dozen boys is. 
a little roam by the cellar, puisning their studies under br. Holland, 
eonld not but regiu^ iiiis auspicious day as truly a day of harvest. 
As we sat iBi tJM cnwded chapel, and saw S4 boys march up M the 
Mllery, ami beard the sekior class sing severai: anthems and cbut 
the "Te Denm," which they performed very creditably, some of 
then appearing enthnsiaetio in their parts, when we theoi east onr 
eyes over the whola mission, and saW several faithful and tnteUi- 
gent young meUj laboring snceeBrfully in tbm schools, aad wten 
we estcwM our view, itill further, beheld A. W.. Clark and- othert 
stall matniniaing thew arduons position in Western Africa, ttadi 
various trtaU and ttanl^ips— ^whett we thus contrasted t^e put 
with the present, We could not but reXoiee add bless tikfe Ijotti that 
this day was a day of mping as- well, as of bri^t hope. Ooidd 
our dear br. Titm, frOm his- cactiti; reatiB^[ilaDe, or botm Va 
beatjfio i«it airave, behold the soeiie of his ttnoet libotg, aoM Ois. 
gntk^ar depamneut, Whst slriHtereEifii^ chadgehewotidJiHtBeM' 
iaLbotkL The Lord's name be praiaed I Hsy He graAt.w' ' ' 


to-titie brw Ktesetaod 9onilenaui, who have been amointed t«aDlien> 
in. thU-inBtitutioiv and His guidmg spirit to br. Bnchner ! And 
may it prove a blesaed nnisei^ of native teachers and assiaUuils,. 
who maj homblf-follow. Jwue, and delight in Hiaseirioe! 

GracehiD, Xov. 10, 1852. 
Dfew- Jtoother: 

It will Boon be tOO ye&a, unce our brethren first preaehed the 
Oo^I in Antigua. Since that time, the mettos of grace have 
multiplied exceedingly, both by the inBtrameatalit; of onr Church, 
and also by that of othei deoomioatioas ; yet still I find, that there 
are, evep here, some who deserve little other than the name of 
heathen, and ^t, ui the midst of great light, many toe sitting in- 
gross darkness. 

I was snrprised to find that Obeahism is more prevalent here,, 
and the belief in it more deeply rooted in the minds of ^e people, 
than either in Batbadees, or in the more enlightened part of 

Id the midst of much that is discouraging and perplexity, there 
is, however, thanks to the loving kindness of our blessed g^viour,. 
more, far more, Ut strei^ben and cheer us.. The increased attend- 
anoe and altentioBat the public means of grace are very gratifying; 
nor is it less pleasing, to observe the earnest desire on the part of' 
many, who have been excluded, to return to the fold, and to be 
restored to their former privileges, I was visited lately by a yonng- 
woman, who had been excluded about two years for immoraUty.. 
SA^ said she wished to speak to me ; I invited her to sit down ; 
bet eyes immediately filled with tears, sjid before she eould utter a 
woM, they rolled down her.cheeJu. She then told me, that her 
heart was too full to speah abont her case now, bat, "ever siaoe 
Myexolnflion,"^Bhe said, "I have felt as if I bad no friend; I have 
enjoyed neither health of body nor peace of mind, and my <iailj 
and nightly pta;^ is, ttwt my uns may be foi^pven, and that L 
may be taken back to my Church." 

The devoted attachment of many to the Ohnroh, m which ther 
have learnt to know the Lord, is prored ^ the distance wbieE 
lliey.tcave],and is further evidenced bytheexpreseioDaof which they 
make use. An ^ed eoBmunicant sister said at her speakiDg, 
that she had resolved, "so long as the breath is in the body, and 
the legs oaaiwallE,: I will not leave Qraoehill, for it was in uie old 
t^uno here that. I-fbund Christ. It was here, under the lash of 
eld Hr. Newby's tongue, that I found I had a soul, and that T 
riumld live agaih>aftw death, and through his pr)eaehing I founds 
Jeans ta be my aavionr/' 

Tke leal mth wbioh many kept up tJieir mtscrtptioua to Ijie 
MisBion^rj Association dnring the put half-year, wMoh vas a ven 

trying season to them on account of fhe drought, was, indeei^ 
.cheering, aa evidencing a denre to be infitnunental in affording to 
others an opportunity of becoming acquainted with those saving 
tnitbs, which have been found predions to tbeir own souls. 

Our Sunday schools ^ord us mnch .pleasure. My dear wife 
takes the superintendence oF the odnlt females, who are instructed 
In the church} our school teachw acts as superintendent of the 
juvenile department, whiA is 'in the school-house. The number 
of scholars has uicreasedj in feet, our juveoile school cannot be 
carried on properly for want of room. Yet, even in this .pleasant 
department of our labors, we are lemiaded of the imperfection 
of everything earthly. We have had to mount ofcer (he sinof some 
of our most promising scholars, and one or two ot the teachers 
have, during the year, left our ranks and returned to the broad 
■worldly way. We are greatly in waait of a few efficient Sunday- 
school teachers. 

January, 1853. 

We thought mwh of our esteemed friend, D. Briee, Esq., when 
we saw the Misaoaary m^, so kindly sent out by hira. Br. 
Westerby delivered a very interesting lecture upon it the other 
•evening, at which about 500 persons were present, the adults pay- 
ing dxpeuce and t&e children threepence for admission' 

From. Br. J. Q. Zippel. 

Mount Tabor, Jan. 31, 1853. 
Dear Brother: 

While yon are eagaged at liome in gathering the materials for 
the t«nt and the curtiuna, we, on our part, whe are atvoad, cry 
«load and qtare not, sayings -"This is the wag, walk ye in it." 
Multitudes pass on, heedless of our call ; but vow and then we 
perceive hoe a Etde and tktm a Uttle success atteedaait on our 
labors. No donbt »e shoold eee much more, were it not tbat the 
kingdom of 6od dees uot come vitb observation. 

^e juvenile derpartraent of our sphere of iabor is a subject 
-which calls loudly for jpnise and thankagiviag. The legislative 
.gnat has enabled us to reduce tJie sohool fees at all onr stationB; 
to repair sad improve the SttaMge; to obtain a amiable supply 
ot books aad nape, aad to nu» tlie salaries of the teachers. TbeM 
improvemeate, ud, more eqMci^ly, the reducfioD of the school 
fees, has doobled the attendaee at the day schools, ft bas becf»ne 
necessary, b oowae^nce, totiunk of enlar^ng the «cliool-fao«Mi 
st Sharon and iBn&etowB^ .a«d most likely a sgiilar enlw^Rtent 


have to take plaoe at CUfton HiH, u aoon m thtt stadon b 
•n^Ued with ft iMuent miadouwy. ^ nehnurpoBsi, how«f er> 
the gnat in qnestion ia not to be upGed. We mnat, theiefbr^ 
«iideaTOrloMeomplulithiadet^bleoDJeot ■ the bestvaj we caiu 
An eiperi«oe of VI yean hw ooRTiaoed me, that, if there is a 
■atioB OD earth, whioh reqniraB edocatioti More than another, it is 
duttof thenM;roM. Poverfiil as the efiectaof the preaching of the 
Go^I are, I have often put the qoestioa to myself: are they 
SQ^raent to prevent them from rel^tdng into a state of barbariBm, 
if left to th^uMlvea? A good religione edooation may not always 
prevent a perxm fh>m beooming wicked; bat biatoiy and dauy 
experience mffioientlj prove, that oiviliaatleo will prevent trib^ 
and nations from retonung to the habita of aavage life. A striking 
itlnstration of this may Be witaeesed, more or legs, in every town 
in the West Indies, where white and colored people are living in 
constant intenumrse with each other. The latter, if well educated, 
approve themselves as genteel, reepeotable, and aenable as any of 
tlie children of Japhet. The present geneiatjon is still a mixture, 
consisting of snch as have been bom and brought vp in alaveiy; 
and the education of the linng generation has b^ most lamenta- 
bly neglected. Ignorant parente cannot be expected to appreciate 
the faleaangs of educatioa. Hence, numbers of children have been 
w«n on eve^ estate, ItHteiiug about, mis-spending their time, and 
growing up in ignorance and vice. The full ben^ of the educa- 
tion-grant will not be realiaed in the present generation, hut we 

lie pre 
iped in 

may confidently hope to see it developed in the next 

From Br. E. (hem^. 

Montgomery, Feb. 7, 1858. 
Dear Brother: 

Ever since I came hiUier, I have made it a point to go through 
the land periodically, for the puntose of seeking out the children 
and preaaing them to goto the school; and my exertioufi have been 
Attended with conaiderable succe^. I bave no doubt but a good 
number more will come to us yet; and I would humblv suggest to 
my brethren elsewhere, the adoption of (his plan. I t^k the 
bint from the IU«god-school system in Dublin. I am sure that, at 
Orange Hill, by nllowing this method, a fine school might soon be 

When I visit a house, and the people do not belong to us, I ask 
them if they have any children that are able to go to school, and 
that do not yet attend one. If so, I then re^jnest that they may 
be sent to Montgomery. If the parents are living in sin, I find I 
most treat them with great caution, making no mention of school 


tm. Ab soon u I HeooM the attend&noetif &e childreo, and per- 
•ctuYe tlut the; like to eome, bb4 thai the puente are beginiuBs to 
-reoogoue the dotj and advantage, I la; bt^re diem the other dut; 
'of pajing for the child's iaatruotioB. 

February, 1863. 

I have now for a ooaaiderable Sme been oeiBg Watt/ Hyms for 
<!!)utdraa ; and ooKe 16Q ot onr adicdara are able to re{>eat any of 
tiie hTVDiiB « the odleotion published by the Tract Society. Strike 
the k^jr-aote, v ^ mention the be|^Uuung of any one verae, and 
they ue able to go oa. Ja thia respect, they have very retentive 
memoriee; but aoon, if not kept in exercise, they forget what they 
have learnt. Oftea have I beard these children entertaining one 
another by repeatinff tlieie hynws. 'When running for water is 
^e morning or in the evenuig, with the tab balanced on their 
heads, thev are A^nen^y heard repeating some of Watts' Hymns. 
I wish I had another collection of simple. Christian h^mns, to 
teach them, bat they must be very simple, both as regtmls ideas 
_ and words. People in Sngland have little aotion, how ue rampleet 
words that are &*uUlar to us at home, are uuintelli^ble here. I 
have also taught them Watts' First and Second Catechisms, and it 
would give you no small pleasure to hear how readily they can 
^answer the questio^B in both. I should take it very kind of any 
'Christian fri^d, if be should feel disposed to send me a few copies, 
by post, of an; eimple work on Geography, Bible-hisloiy, English 
History, Universal Htsbory, Lessons on objects, ArithmelJo, &c 
Books Bolted tot infantrsohools are such as would be useful here. 
It seems a pilj to wait a wkeje year for sujiplies, as we are now 
obliged to do ; for what are we to do is the meantime ? While 
we are musing, the fiie bums. This islaad is different from the 
other West Indua isles; there is no shop for books here, so that 
we must either dojiply ourselves or do without We have now 497 
names on the attenduioe-book. 

The other Aag I inquired of one of our people if he ever asked 
his little girl to read to him out of the New Testameat. He replied, 
"No, I am ifrtii she might read it in a %bt wa;; whenever I 
wish her to hear it, I take it a«d read it mysdf." 

Testerday I was in the house, and my UttTe |^rl and boy had 
Jiot bng rettttsed from achooL I overheard them talking about 
what they bui learnt. Oartiine — "Well, Jaues, what was you» 
lesson to-dayi* Jama — "A B C D E P G. What was your 
' lesson f Cofvtme — 

" I ky my nni on Jamu, 
Tba ipotlM* Lamb of God." 

I reoognifled tUs as being the beginning of n h^mn, which the 
'children were learning to repeat to me on the voming Wedneedav. 
Thus the trath is sown : m^y it produce fruit to the glory of Qrtti I 


firm Br. A. H. Ziaek. 

New Hemtliut, April 14, 1858. 
Deu Brother : 

We have now been laboring for neartjr three year: is tJiig cob- 
gregntion, to vhich a peeuHar interest attaches, from the fact of il« 
baaff the oldest in onr mission field. Within the last year, the 
number of its members has conaderably diminished, whidi is 
mainly attributable to tbe frequent changes of misBionaries vhioh 
have taken place of late. When the nE^|TO is once aoqiudnt«d widi 
"hia minister, he becomes attached to him to such a d^;ree, that a 
new minist«r finds it difficult to ^n bis affeotionB. Thanks be t« 
the Lord, He has not left us destitnte. ' He hag heard oar praveis 
and blessed anr efforts. When we first entered upon this ^heie 
of labor, I often went to church wiHi a heavy heart, knowing that 
I should have to preach to nearly empty benches. Now, however, 
we cannot complain of an empty church j the atleadance being 
very cheering. On Easter-morning, ve had so many people, that** 
I bad mnch difficulty in making my way through xhn midst of them 
to the pulpit This lar^e congregation followed me in the best 
order to the burial-ground. I cannot describe my feeSngs on that 
festive morning, irtien I stood on the platform^ the son rising in the 
east, and before me the whit« tombs inolosing the remuns of so 
many ^thful and devoted servants of the I<ord, who closed their 
career in winning souls for Him; and on both sides of the burial- 

f round stood the congregation, celehratinK the joyful festival of onr 
lessed Saviour's resnrrection. During Uieweek before Easter, we 
lad finished the 1>el&y, and on Easter-morniog, the new bell was 
sonnded for the first time, 

lAst year I had the pleasure of baptizing 44 adnlt heatlien, some 
of whom were cQd Africans, and the others bora here, but, by the 
'Carelessness of their mothers, they had been Idt to grow up in a 
.stateof heathenism. The average attendance of oar Snnday scholan 
during tbe past year was 112. The number would, donbtjess, be 
much greater, were not so many of our youag people obGged t« 
tend t£e oattie, and thns prevented from freqnealang tdie bouse 
of Ood, aod gang to the Sunday school 


,(FMm the Mumm^fltett j 

The following letter Irom br. Pfeiffiar, dated October 2Sth, oon- 

^ns the latest intelltgenoe which has reaohed as from the Mosqnit* 


"Petri Key X«goon,4he largest village of the Indians, is, propnly 
wMring, on^ twenty miles from Sluefields; bnt >tbe voyage 

HO«QtriT« eOitST; SltF 

l£i(ni]g& tile oieek is ten mileB longer, and attelided with mueb. 
difficulty. Ib. order to reacli the I^ooa, it ie necessary to traverse 
an extent of land, which lies ver; low, and is frequently under- 
water. The distance from the Lagoon to English Bank is abont- 
siz miles by water. It would be eauor and more expeditious tO' 
proceed thither by sea, but it would frequently be hazardous oni 
account of- the storms. We have already selected an eligible and 
salubrious spot, close to the Lagoon, and at a sufficient distance 
from the marshes, where we propose to fonn a settlement. The 
EiOgliBb consul approves of our plan, and will gladly assist ust 
towards obtaining a small piece of land for the purpose. 

At duistmas, before daybreak, a considerable number of people- 
had assembled here at Bluefields, to attend our early meeting, af 
which we read the history of our Saviour's birtb ; and, after a abort 
address, united m prayer. One of the audience said, at the clwie 
of the service, "That meeting was blessed to my soul ;" and an- 
other ^saa heard to exclaim, "0, tbat we could well remember all. 
that we have jnst heard!" No sooner had we commenced the 
solemn celebration of these festive days, than the children of this- 
world set up a most riotous dance, in which our people were urgently 
invited by them to join. The public preaching was numerously 
attended, nor were we disturbed by any scenes of riot from without;, 
but scarcely had the congregation dispersed, when a faarful tumult 
again broke out, which was rendered st»ll more alarming by the- 
constant firing of guns. Similar scenes were enacted on New- 
Year's Eve. 

On February IStb, I again visited Pearl Key Lagoon, where I 
married the second couple. Thomas Fox, the busbai^, had fetched 
me for the purpose, and also brought me back. He seems to be 
sincerely seeking the Lord. Several others, also, expressed an 
earnest desire to hear the Gospel, and promised their assistance, in. 
case we should build a church amongst them. 

The old decayed house at Bluefields, in which we bavo hitherto 
assembled for divine service, beii^ decidedly unsafe, from its 
dilapidated condition, we deemed it advisable to commence, without 
delay, the erection of a new church. It was, however, very difficult 
to secure tbe services of only eight or ten men, who demanded three- 
shillings a day for tbeir labor. I accompanied tbem to the forest, 
in order to encourage them. The wood is conveyed by water om 
long flat boats, which are called 'pitpan;' and the old queen hon- 
ored us with tbe loak of hen's. In. a few weeks, we succeeded iui 
procnring tbe requisite materials for building. 

On June Sllet, we held a sotema meeting, during which w« fixed' 
in the ground tbe first beam of the first churob on the Mosquito 
Goast. The king, and tbe English consul were both present on tbe 
occasitm. After smging a few verses, I delivered an address, m 
which I endeavored, to eqlain the objeot of our tnimiouiry labor*.. 


fifKold, kl thy commanifiag wad. 

We BtKtdi ttfe Mrtain atid th« card : 

rend the heav«n« add eeta doim, 

Awd auAe auh relMl hearnhHw <nm. 
Hereupon, &e Icing h&ving perforlued the teremonj, we all bielt 
dolh), and besonght the Lord, in fervent prayer, to Touohgafe His 
Uesung to onr nndertaking, and to enable ns to erect a house to the 
honor of H''« hoi; name. Our solemn meeting, which will not be 
ea«ily forgotten by those present, was closed hjthe ran^ngof afew 
anitable Tereea. The spot od which we are building our place 
of worship had originally been set apart for an Ensmh church,. 
which, however, was never ereoted, and has been maSe over to ns 
by the king and consul, together with fonr church windows. The 
locality is, in every respect, eligible, being almost in the centre of 
Btuefields, and will be much more convenient for all who attend 
our place of worship than the house which we have hitherto occu- 
pied at the remote^ extremity of the town. Two sides of the. 
building have already been raised, though we have been diaap- 
poiutea by the o&rpenters whom we had engaged. The chnrdi is- 
«0 feet in length, and 27 feet in width ; and the side-walls, which 
are constructed with hard wood, are 14 feet high. The roof will 
be covered with- shingles.. 

The Pa^on-»eek and Easter were periods of rich blessing. The 
aervices were fiKquently so numerously attended, that we were 
afraid the floor of the old. hooee might give way under oar feet. 

WhOe assisting in> exliuffuishing a fire wmch brolee out some 
tune ago in our neighborbooa, and which threatened to destroy our • 
house, I had the misfortune to injure my right hand, which has- 
caused me much paia ever since. As soon as the violent pain had 
somewhat abated, I was obliged to use my hand again, aa we could 
Qot muster a aufficieid uombsB of workmen, and 3iis brought on a 
new inflammation. I had several sleepless nights, and months. 
ela^eed before it was enred^ EvM now,, while writing these lines, 
I am.anflering snch pun' that I ean scarcaly hold my pen. 


JVon Br. S R. WvOtddugd. 

Paramaribo, Feb. 2d, 1853. 
Dear Brother, 

Sunday, JaMuiy ISlb, was t^e day of t^ d«dlfialioa of onr- 
Dew ^woh at Annaoo^. It was, imleed, ehmribg to iee early nt^ 
d>e m<»ning uimibeBa' of B^roes clad in *iFhit«, orowdSkg all die - 
paths lattding frost ^t iSffiMut estates to Afunuovg. Some of n*-' 
bftd go*c tbanaifenc daj» ^amiauitj to adbrn- the cknreh. At 


I IwMiifaod &WD the text "Ociiie mtto me all jetkiLtlaW wai ttre 
iwTj b4eD4 tod I wiU gim ^ou rest," We^aersvoM Eittend- 
uice; some 900 «figK«8 bcieg ia the t^iucb, rad^O perba^ out- 
side. In the aftemoos, 18 aaulla 'Were .ttdoutted "to the ChimV of 
Qhrutb; ^ap^am- Hvass a day of jxleseiag aad Tejoicijig. Mo»t 
of the negroes bad & holidty, wd were abli to attend. I'd fewer 
(bttn timaij-oae wtfttes, aonu of which are at a eonnderable distasoe, 
toU be oonaeoted with the new establishment. The negroes 
teamed heartily to irejoioe. It is a pity, tha.t we have no prof^iect 
of establishing » eohool for that popnlouB neighbeThood. We pro- 
posed «3B[e«blin^ the ohildren for tuBtructioo three timea a vedi, 
tvo houfB at ft time ; bat m even the little chHdren can be made 
we^, eepeeialiy en the ootttai estates, we doubt whether we shall 
■ »ttweed. Negro adueetioij ia, »1bs ! at a low ebb here. There are 
i»TenJ sohoals in town for the children of Eree people, itom which, 
hoseVsr, reMon is entirely ezelnded, as tbey are frequented by 
ekiUren c^ aU dtwrninations, emn of Jews. 


(From the Miwont-BUH.) 

The actjwt? of our miaaionaries, ia Surinam, is of a two-fold 
character. While some of them ate engaged in preaching the 
GoBpel at regular atations, others are continually traveling through 
the colony, for iho purpose of Instructing the negroes on the different 
eattttea, which the proprietors allow them to visit. The number 
of plaatationa on the nvera Commewyne and Cottica, vimled from 
Charlottenbw^, together with those which lie on the Para and the 
Surinam, visited from Paramaribo, eseeeda one hundred; and, on 
these plantations, about 10,000 negroes are under the spiritual care 
of our missionaries. Of this latter department of missionaiy 
activity, some interesting paniculars will be found in br. Eliafi 
Bau's account of his labors among the negroes on the Para and 

"The plantation Bac-a-IUc, on the Surinam, was visited for thi' 
Sr^ time by our brethren, in October, 1850. The negroes received 

.he Gospel with joy ; and when the MisMonary repeated his visit 
'« Fehruaiy, 1851, be fonnd that his preaching had not been in 

ain. The negroes had removed all objects of idolatrous worship 
irom their temple in the forest, and the path leading to it was quite 

vergrown wi^ jpasa ; thus fording the beat proof, that it had 
'Ot beev freqnent^. The priestess of the plantation bad died 
.utin| the ifltwval. The KUseionary wished to inspect the templf 
. imwSf, but wft viable to rettchit>on8eeountof the marshy ground 


ibj wiiioh it is nmtnutded. The h^jtoob, howevor, Mmnd Idib, 
iABt, since tbe charcb had oome 'to them, they had nothing mote t« 
-do with tkejr fonner worship. In April and May. the j«statioa 
rwBs aguB yisited, a«d, Bubaeqnently, also in July. 

'Of 'thie last Tint, br. Ban writ«B «a fbllowB : 

"At my last vieit, I hod explained t6 the oegroee the paisble of 
'the G-reat Snpper; tmd I was gratified to find tint they had remem- 
.bered it well, and had ^plied to thefMBelTBH the inatniotion it cod- 
tains. During my ataif in the nll&ge, I had the best opportunity 
'of coDTinoins myself, that the WM'slup of idols bad be^ totally 
abolisbed. The former driver of the plantation, Trenki, who had 
complained at my last call tiaA his wife stUl kept her idols, had 
.compelled her to part willi tbem. He was quite oveijoyed on my 
telling him that he was admitted into the class of candidates for 
holy D&ptism. His eon, who is now the head-driver, is a veiy 
lefJous nan, and ooidacted me to all the dwdlmga of the negroes 
on the plantation, who showed me the whole of their contents, being 
extremely anxious to convmce me that they had pat away the worlu 
of Satan. la one hoase alone I (Sscovered some remuns of heath- 
-enish pi^ctices, wbit^ I im]Bediat«ly direct«d to be removed. I 
orerheard a aegro woman say, ' Since the chnich hae oome to ns, 
eventhing is changed ; I used formerly to dance till the magic 
wind oame, bnt that is all over now.' In reply to a few w<^b 
irtuch I addreeaed to her, she said, 'God has tonolied my heart 
with His hand. Now I know that He really esiste; I have noth- 
ing more to do with the old things.' 

"August 23d. — We have every reason to believe that many of 
these negroes have passed from death nnto life. In the afternoon, 
three persooe were lutptized, the first fruits of tins plantation. When 
the heartfl have been prepared by the Spirit of (jkkI, the preaching 
of the Cross does not return void. Thonch the candidate for bap- 
tism had not enjoyed much instruction, their knowledge was very 
satisfactory, considering their peculiar circumstances; and as they 
appeared extremely desirous of beinff baptized, we could not 'forbid 
water.' During the performance of the sacred rite, they evinced a 
spirit of deep devotion, and seemed highly to appreciate the blesang 
conferred upon them. Shortly after, we visited them in their 
-dwellings, where we found them aa happy tmd grateful as children 
who have received Christmae presents. We met everywhere with 
a hearty welcome ; and they ^ atnved in declaring, ' The word of 
G«d hae tonched onr heute ; the Saviour owns us as brethren ; we 
will give ourselves i^ to ffim, that He may plaee ne at His right 
hand. Many of them displayed a deep insight into th^ natni^ 
■depravity. I exhorted them alt fflace more to eeek the Lord 
seriously, and with all their hearts. An aged negro said to me, in 
:a confidential tone of voice, 'Teacher, here yon have nothing to 
;Aar, for the .whole plantation belongs to jfon. Wesreall for tin 

£bn[ Stsm, erea thtmgh msnj haTesoi yet {pteB-ltt-ffaa^nxoeft.' 
Ab ire were ^ing away, a nep^ wtmuui, whom we bad not ™ited, 
came romuag after ub, aad was quite oreijojed oa eeane us turn 
round to apeak to her. Her past life had been spent In the serricc 
of Bin J hoi she seemed, ainoereiy pejritent, and repeatedly expressed 
the earnest wish, to be cleansed frtna her sins by the waphiag of 
regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost 

"On the plantation of Groot Ghalillon, the gospel was prea*^ed 
for tike first time on Apnl I4th, 1851. I derived much encourage- 
ment from the text appointed for that day : 'Hie Lord forgett«th 
not the cry of the humble,' Psalms is. 12, and was permitted to 
experience the tmtii of this blessed assurance. For a consideraWe 
time tie slaves of this plantation had requested that a teacher might 
visit them. Tbia desire was particulariy felt by some 'baptized 
negroes, who had formerly lived on the plantation Penoribo,- where 
they had been accnstomed to enjoy the privilege of hearing the 
Word of God. As the proprietor refused to grant them an extoa 
holiday for going to church, the negroes asked permistson to have 
divine service on their own holiday. 'Fhey have it, consequently, 
whenever the Missionary comes, and must work on their next 
holiday instead. TUs is no entail sacrifice for the poor slaves, and 
it is an enconra^iig proof of tlie power of divine .grace, which can 
awaken such a desire in their hearts. 

"On the day above mentioned, I commenced my work in the 
Lord's name. After twice ringing the hell, I repaired to the house 
in which divine service was to be held. Ifonnd abont 300 negroes 
assembled, neatly dressed, e^erly aw^ting my arrival. I addressed 
them from John iii. 16, and was listened to with devout attention. 
Miey received the Word with joy; may it yield abimdant fruit!' 
The individual ^teaking wu attended by i^ the negroes whik had. 
belonged to the ^n^ih in Penoribo, and twenty-eight otbevB re- 
(jueeted us to take down their names. 

"On Hay the 26th, I catechized them from St Lake ziv. 16-24^ 
They seemed to understand this parable very well, and listened 
with m«ch ipt^retsti, I felt ntore than ueotd fireed<aB in addresffiig 
them, m I could olaarly pero«iv& that uany of tiew had been 
awakened to a aenae of their guilt by the Spirit of God. After tb^ 
service, I conversed with them individually, and was much gratified 
by the rbanner in which many of them eKpresaed themselves 
respectioK their spiritual stats. 8ome^ who had eome for the first 
time to uie house of God, were so dpK|;hted with the mesaase of 
peace, that they declared they, would attenti, the meetiaga regnWly 
in future. Twenty-five persons requested that their names might 
be taken down. An inlFm dd negre said, ^I greatly need h^p, 
fer my bb aad ga^ w»gh heavi^npoft my sonl; I wffl, flwreft^ej^ 
^ay to JesttB te ftv^veness, as you have taught us.' 

•"Ob Jialy 6th, t ww requestoa by tiie pe^e to gotivto the vU^ 



hge, in order t« renove tlie ol)j«ctB of idoUtrona wmsUp. I found 
some idols in almost everj house. A negro wonum, Iksbonh, on« 
of tbe Brincipal rotaiies of idolatiy, liad a ooDsidenble nnmlier qf 
idols, which me requested me to take awaj, as well as the fantastical 
guments which she had been aocustomed to wear while perfonmiiK 
W hestlienish ewemonies, ' Shall I take all this awa; V I asked 
her. 'Yes, wr,' she replied, 'I entieat yon to do so.' "Then you 
do not believe in these things any moreT 'No, sir,' she replied; 
' these idols have deodved me so mnoh, that I soaroely know who I 
Am or where I am.' 'Were you at church?' 'Yes, dr.' 'What 
do yon think of onr Saviour Jesus Christ?' '0, dr, that is a good 
WOTd; it has done my heart good.' While my boatmen were re- 
moving the idols, she walked up and down with an ur of peculiar 
solemnity. She then approached me, stooped to the ground, and 
embraced my knees, thanking me for having delivered her Jrom 
these things. Hereopon, she turned to two negroes who were 
present, and who had probably been her principal afisistantB in her 
heathenish pracdoes, and mai& a speech, which I could not under- 
stand, the beginning of which was, ' We three have been together, 
yon aad you and I.' She probably announced to them in tBs boI- 
emn, format, manner, Hiat, hence&rth, the worehip of idols was 
totally abolished. On quitting the village, my boat was full of 
idols, which were partly thrown into the water, and partly consign- 
ed to the-flames. 

We insert the following remarks on Moravian Misuons, from the 
Sheffield Timet, (Eng.) simply for that reason, that our readers, 
and mOTO espeually the members of our Church, far &om boasting 
of any work performed by their brethren, may be cheered voA en- 
uouraged to continue in their labors. Us spread the Qospel in full 
reliance upon their Lord and Master, trosting that he will continue 
to direct their activity, Mtd grat^foUy adoring him, even if their 
works of love appear i«signifioant in comparison with otfaere— en- 
deavoring to make the best use, even of one talent — in mercy en- 
tj'ust^ to them. 

"Hm BODUttin d«w ihall noniufi 

A Med in WMkncM mwo, 

WhoM fruit diall spmd and flourish 

And aluke like Lebanon. 


On Wedneadn evening a sermon was preachsd at St. Geeix«'B 

-Church, by the Bev. S. Westbrook, M. A., JjooAtea, in 

tjto Moravian nuasions. On Thnnday evening a pqblic loeeting 


was Iield in St. George's aohool-room tor the rame object.' Ttk« 
venerable 9fr. Montgomery preaded. He add hewoB bom among 
' the ManyiapB, and it vas hoped he would one day become a minis' 
ter of the goepel or a misBionary. He, however, ohose hia ow» 
way and duai^minted their hopes. Under Divine Providence he 
was bionght to Sheffield. 

In a strain of fervent piety- he narrated the many occasions on 
which he had been the instnunent of raising lai^ sums of money 
in ^ef&eld for the aid of the Moravians when in distress. Since 
1818, he had transmitted to the London Society, £1,367 and pre- 
viously to the brethren in (Germany, between £400 and £500. The 
Rev. T. Sale (the vicar) expressed his warm sympathy with the 
Moravian Chnreh. He gave a short histoty of that chorch. Orim- 
nally it was a portion of the Sclavonic Oteek church. Before tbe 
time of Luther and Melanothon the Moravians suffered the direst 
persecution from the church of Borne, and were literally driven 
into the dena and caves of the earth for shelter. 

They first caste to England in the beginning of the 18th centu- 
ry, and unprinci^ed reports having been circulated against their 
doctrines, they prayed for a government inquiry. The result was 
' that parliament passed two acts showing how highly it esteemed 
the Moravians ; they were excosed taking oaths in courts of justice 
and exempted from bearing arms. He ^tbe vioar) spoke in t«niift 
of the highest pruse of the Moravian missionariea, whom no t«ii 
Qould weary, and no dangers turn from the path of duty to which 
they believed God bad <»lled them. They had been a blessing to 
(he Church of England, for they had shown what was her duty to 

The Rev. W. Mercer spoke of the purity of the doctrines of the 
Moravian Church and of her pacific conduct, which qnalitieB, he 
•aid, had endeared the Moravians alike to chiuchmaa and dissenter. 

The Rev. 8. Westbrook detailed the opentioBs of Moravian 
missionarieB at Labrador, where nearly die whole of the nati'mit 
had been christianized; and at Surinam whero out of 1^ misratm- 
aries 11 had died of the yellow fever. Yet there was no lack of 
Taborers for God. During the last eleven years, the congregations 
at Surinam had risen from 10,000 to 17,000 persons. It might be- 
aatimated that one fourth were oommnnioaBta. 

In the West Indies a great wwk was going on-. Ths^ 
oongregations numbered about 4D,000 persons, piinoipaily ne- 

C9, and there were upward of 2000 childrenin their aohools. 
training lohoola bad been established for the educatibn of 
native teachers. The teaching of the Moravians was wonderfully 
ancoesSftil; it was seldom that ose taught in their sohools left ihe 
path of rectitude. While Moravians in tbe oontinents of Eonme 
■aid America did. not ezoeed 20)000j'yet they had^ tender Gm'» 

■tts smrxo "<w mw mMA s,mmti." 

bUsskl^'gKtbeted in fontgnlaadB oongreKktiMia nn&iberitig 70,090 

They had 70 sdaBkHi Matiou tkod 268 uaBimftrMS. Tfae"fAal9 
'Work waa done for die Bmall sum of £12,000 per BBBom. bthe 
West ladies there were many <^dmi in certain diatriots deatitate 
of the meatu of edKcation. Three ^%i^ ago a separata fud waa 
laised' for the education of the ont^utricte, and 1,304' chitdien had 
been educated for the stun of £800 yearly. In oonoluBioa he nrgscL 
tiat Sheffield shoold aid that good work, and found, by the paymesV 
of a donation, a " Sheffield school" in t^ West ladies. 

The Rev. 0. Sanford moved a vote of thanks to the chairman, 
of friiom he said 

lo tove him : 

The Rev. W. Wilkinson seconded the motion and it was carried 
with aecIamatioB. 

The Rev. W. Meroer said &6 chairman was wordiy of a more 
BubstMttial cvideBoe of their gratitnde, and it had been sa^;ested 
by a lady, whose name wonld be revered thronzh all time, that snb- 
scriptioDB shoatd be entered into, to found a " Hontgomery school" 
at the West Indies. The Rev. G. Ssndford, the Secretary of the 
Society, wosld be ready to receive sabecriptiom. — Alter the doxol- 
Ogy had been snog, the meeting separated. 


Mr. Editor : 

-^veral months ago, a friend called my attention to an artiolff 
in yonr " Miscellany," animadverting on a passage in my " Amer- 
loan Lutheran Cbnroh," relative to Coimt Zinaendorf. To the 
^lirit of that^oommmiication I do not object. It is Mod-natiired 
■ad lar Qsmoved from that bigotry and intolwaitee, lAich oharac- 
teriaes ffloeb of the ooatrovenial literature of onr aga. The wri- 
ter's disposition la vindieate the ohaiacter of the fonnder of yoiir 
modera choteh I applaud, and so far as I have inadvertently done 
the least injustice to his memory, it will be my pleasure no leea than 
^ty, ta make all dao aawnds. I only regret that nx weeks' aV 
aence and Bubsaquent nqieat duties, have so Itwg delayed my p^F- 
formanoe of this doty. 

For the bre^ren of the Vkittu I^rat^ma in genenU, and for 
Vaunt Zuuendm/ in paMioidar, I have always entertained and fre- 
quently expressed a Ugh degree both of respeot ani alfeotien. In 
anpport of this statement I might icfor yon to diffprmt jMRti«i»«f 
. ny puUy^ writimpi; bat this is wnaoeeniry- The Boblo eon- 



ceptlon of the Cmmt, raeotioiied by your Ginrespoiident, to owtft 
tke difienent tmd dietnoted fregmente of tbe Iiiuira«i, Befbrmed^ 
M(ff&i4ui and ottrar d^jominadona which be fmud hero, into one 
Ohsieh of Christ, on apoBtolioal piiu^iUs, reflects so much hon<» 
on im tiaiatiajt ohanutw, that this it«elf trill eecure to htm the 
iwpeot of all enlig]ri«ned chriatituiB, who can rige above the con* 
tneted interests <a seetadauiBm, and love the diaroh of Christ ftw 
tlM Master's sahe. The intiaial« afinit; of hia views, with those 
expressed in my phut of Christian Union, pnbli^ed in 1828, oec- 
«smril7 involve a high eetiuule on my part of his enH^tteiicd aiid 
advuiced chrisliau attainments. 

Wh«n I net with the sUtemeBts in the Hallische Hachiichten, 
on which the passa^ cotamented on by jonr Oonespondcnt is 
based, I veaA them with nncere regret, snd am happy to £nd that 
the J3aee also admita of a fevoraWe oonstractiMi, Li regard to the 
tircumataooeB under which the Coant assumed the name of Thueni- 
atein, I a^iltncrwledge myself instructed by your ^Joirespondent's 
fltatement of facts, wMdi had not met my eye befbrc. For mjr 
Uaiements, however, I have authority, such as is generally regarded 
as authentic on all other subjects. Ymir Correspondent, «nd you 
yourself, Mt. Editor, are doubtless Kware, iihat a protracted coDtro- 
versy was carried on by the fiiends of Dr. Muhlenberg and others 
on the one hand, and those of €ount Zinzendorf on the other, in 
wfaicb the ponttons affirmed by ymir Oorrespondent are strong^ 
disputed. To carry on this controversy, abundant materials are 
fbnnd in the Beports and IMsries from time to tnue fbrwarded by 
Dr. Muhlenberg and his fellow laborers, published at Halle in one 
large quarto volume, and in ZV. J. P. Freteniita' Aeamnf* of the 
JHoramrm Affairt, etc., vol. 3d, pp. 87 till 872. But, Sir, I am 
no lover of controversy among Christian brethren . I desire, as fir 
as posable, to live at peace with all men. And as I cannot .per~ 
ceive that any important or beneficial result would follow from the 
reproduction of the arguments and statements- on both rides of iSiat 
old controversy, I decline entering on it. As MublenbeT^ and 
ZinEendorf have long ance become members of one sod tike same 
chnrch in heavrai, I doubt not, tJtey-will prefer Ihattiieir difference 
on earth shoidd be covered with the mantle of oblivion, and that 
their foUowers should practice forbearaflce, and cultivato broUierly . 
love. I will therefoK simply add one extract, and olose with «.fexr 

' Xh^ pasn^ in my worli on the American Lutherao <!lburcli, f. 
19,->eida thus: "Uariag revehed his ^ place of deslinationi nod 
■turmoualed the aaamitiim, of OotuU Ziaetndorf, -teho under the 
■aetiimed name of ThHenulein, had paued himself off (a aLuth 
an minitlEr a*d injector, Muhleaherg wax cordiaily recei''' ' 
Here we have three facts, 1, that Zinzendorf opposeJV 


324 BKFLT TO " HnnntoAi. nDTE." 

2, thit he umined tba name of Thaernrtan } aud 3, tlut be pro- 
feswd to be * Lathnaa miiiiBter and iiispector. 
. Now whUol we m^bt qnote page after page in supptHt of these 
•talemenis, we will oite but a ungle pawage from the " Aoooontof 
Bome. JiiTai^gdical (Lnlli«Tatt) obtuches in America, compiled fram 
the SeportB of the first Lntbeian minieten aeot from Hallo to this 
conntij, and poblisbed in 1744, and Mcain in tiie MtUuche iVocA- 
ricJuen," in 1750, p, 14. Spec^iug ta the diffionltiea with whicb 
Esther Uiililenba« had to contend, it is said " Bnt Connt Zinien- 
dorf also was nname to resist die work of Ood. He had indeed 
ginen himtelf out for. a Lutheran preacher and inspeotor in Fenn- 
ayWania, nnder an auutned, itraTige name of a Mr. von Thuemstein, 
and in an extended oonverBation oonoeming the oboroh-book of 
which be bad taken poRHeanon, he demred tiiat Hr. Mublenbe^ 
should acknowledge lum as Hoch, (as Lutheran inspeotor), and apoU 
ofiie to him, because he had passed himby(that is, had not treated 
bim as Inspector). He also sought to ;>m«nt Auo6(au»ut^permu~ 
Kum to preach to the Lulherant in the Swedish church, ana made 
CTerj effort to dettroj/ the confidence of (&e eangregationt tn him, 
and to viithdraw them from him." 

Now Mr. E^tor, tlus statement and many others like it, are 
published by and under the sanction of eminently pious and dis> 
tineoished men of that day, directors of the Orphan-house at HaUe, 
and of the Missionary society by which Dr. Muhlenberg was sent 
to this ooontry. And when I compare the statements of a Frey- 
linghauaen, a Franke and others, with those given in tJie article of 
your Ckirresponden^ ,1 teai inclined to believe that neither intention- 
ally deceived, that both were in some measnre mistaken, and that 
the tfuth lies between them. 

Should I candidly express my oonvictions, after reading the 
statements of your Correspondent, and comparing them wiUi my 
recollectioos of the Hallisone Nachrichteo, they would be the fol- 

i made it evident how Count ZinseO' 
f a Lutheran preacher in FennByU 
vania, because before he left Europe, he publicly resigned his ofiue 
as bi^op in tiie Moravian Chon^, and avowed his memberah^ in 
the LulJifflan ChniDb. Having thus returned to the Lut^eiafi 

I. " Aoeh konnte der Hen Ont *(m Ziniendorf dai WeA Gottea meht 
Uatettmben. Gs haUe wieh denalbe antareiDem angenomiiMiieD tnmitn 
Nanro mne* Hena van ThuemMein 6ufr einen Lntberiwdieii FraligM nnd 
bvador in PeniHrlvanien aumegeben, und veriangte in eiDcr wegen daj> 
aa nBh (mommmen Kiidteabadiea g«ha)tenMi wMa eufttgen DntemdaDBi 
daN ibn Herr Paftor MiihlenbetK daflur etkuuMO, and ilun, wail at itm 
igM, AbUtt* Ihiin mIUc ; MKhle audi n vethindam, dan er 
8cbi*«dMdian Kirdw den Lntherancni predifcn dueifte, und 
s Mncba u, iki bei den OemMsen lerdaeehtig a machen, und 



1. lour GorrenwodeDt has mad 
doif oosld honemy style himself a 


GhuTcfa, and being an ordiuned minister, and having Kceived a eall 

from at least a large portion of the Lutherans in Philadelphia, he 
was feirly a Lutheran minister on Lutheran principles, especially 
as there was no Synod here, whose puhJic recognition, if it had ex- 
isted, might have hecn desirable. 

2. He proves that (jount Zinzendorf had a call from a number 
of Lutherans, (although some of the tkcts are here disputed); and 
that he acted deliberately and honestly in the mode of aecepdng it. 

3. He admits that the Count assumed another name ; but showK 
that he did it publicly, the ooutrary of which seems to he implied 
by the Halliscne Nachrichten and by my statement based on it. 

4. He admite that Count Zinzendorf assumed the name of Luth- 
eran Inroector, but in my judgment entirely fails to show any au- 
thority for his doing so. The &ct that the Count extended his 
labors over several counties, and was active in supplying several 
destitute neighborhoods with ministers, proves him to have been a 
Eealous servant of our common Lord and Master, but nothing more. 
An Inspector is a superior ecclesiastical office, like a postapostolic 
diocesan bishop, exercising supervision and authority over other min- 
isters. To this station no one van possibly be entitled, unless he 
be elected te it by the ministry and churches, or appointed by the 
civil government in those countries where church and state are un- 
happily united. Neither of these modes of appointment, is claim- 
ed for the Count, and therefore I mnst regard nis assertion of thia 
tjtie as gratuilons, in these latter days' when an immediate divine 
appointment is not to be expected. 

Believing that in these lines I have done jnstice to Count 2in- 
lendorf and to the cause of truth, and corrected what was erroneous 
or liable to misapprehension in my statements in the " American 
Lutheran Church, I close this communication with feelings of sin- 
oere friendship for your correspondent, and christian regard for the 
ministers of your communion, with whom, for thirty years, I have 
lived on terms of uninterrupted Eternal intercourse. 

Oet^sbu^, July 33d, 1853. 

o/ lite examtnaOon of 'Sreikrm's Church, Jib. I.' 

The limits of onr last communication not allowing us to examine 
ail the points that we desired to review, we are induced to continue 
onr remarks on " Brethren's Church, No. 1," not only because ef 
the high Btandintf of the writer of it, but likewise for ^ reosc^ 
that it denvee ftddilioDd importance Arom the eiic«aetBace ef ki^ 



hang tbe official or legal repioBenUlaon, as it were, of the " Mlu' 
iatBnf CoBfereooe" wUch, tiirongh this sonroe, contionea its vltai' 
ity, tad vhow opinion is Buppoeed to be embodied is his vntiiifS. 
— ^ThoDgh we are extremely rehiotajit to believe bis views are ttie 
sendmenU of that confereooe, still, from tbeir dlence ou the sob- 
ject, we have reason to believe that the; are. 

3efore proceeding further we b^ to say that we do not disport^ 
the governors and officials of the Church, for they bat enfmoe l£e 
laWB and regnktione of which they are the guardians, and, as far 
as we know, they fnl£l th^ trust with coDSciendousness Mid fidel- 
ity. — No, it is not with them, but with the Sysiem — ^the Ckivem- 
ment — as it operates in America, that we contend. 

The advantage to be derived from the study of History, is the 
lessons that it affords the student It is valuable as a monitor — 
tn warn him of the errors of the past ; to instmct him what to 
avoid and what to cheriah, and enables him to conduct his voyage 
'in the future with certainty, sagacity and wisdom. — Such is t£e 
practical use of it. Beyond tbis, it is the more depository of &cts 
for dto curioue and tbe antiquarian. 

The question that most naturally occurs to as is, why is this his- 
torical picture of the Brethren's Church held up to view 7 A vari- 
ety of mcts are therein given without application, bnt introduced 
and connected, as they are, in controversioD of our first " commn- 
uioation" it is evidently the iutention of the article, to advocate 
and bind upon ne the polity and dogmas that have prevailed in the 
. old world for several |enerationB past, and have brought the purest 
and best of churobes tnto nnfruitfoLaesH and decrepitude as fiir as 
this country is oonoemed, and with which we are chiefly interested. 

Does he mean to say that in America we are " no chnrch," but 
a mere "congr^don," composed of different evangeliea] church- 
es, a Rdigioni Soeiety within the " Universal Chnwrn of Christ"— 
resembUng a Bible or Tract Society, or a Christian Alliance, con- 
taining not only members of the same ecclesiastical oi^^aiuEation, 
fast also many others," ke. f Does the writer of these thui^ mean 
to say, that here we bear this heterogeneous and non-deaonpt ohw- 
acter f Does he advise us to have here a Lutheran Pastor, or a 
Duttjh Reformed Hini§ter, or an Episcopalian Clergyman, who may 
have a parish of some two thousand sonls to adminiBt«r to, in 
}ireaching, in bapdung, in marking, in burying, in vindng Ac. — 
to take in addition, the care of large congregationa of moravisiB 
awakened souls ? in periods too of forty years 7 If such be not the 
intention of the article, of what praeticud use is it to publish sBch 
matters? In our humble opinion, to suit the gemoa of the ooail> 
.try, and to be Brariceable to it, the Church moat be distinctive and 
homogeneous, however CaUiolm, in lU character, and so moat be 
aU churches until they cas unite on one basis, and when there shall 
be but one fold, as there is bat one Shepherd. 

D,q,i,i.:dbXiOOglc - 


It is forther related, dint aeme «bttf^e8 ue adapted to certain 
AationaliiteB, and will therefore not be able to perionn much be- 
tvbdI (UrtmaKeonai^uoal booiMlwiee," and to eliuiiidate his mean- 
ing,:he Mteaflw EpiiOifaliaaB, tiie LatheranB, the Fnsbyteriana, 
•nd the J>utoh ItefoEmed. Aeoording to the theory lud dawn, 
thase Foraigu National ChurcheB sh.»sld not bare '*|wrforoied 
nmoh" here, while tie Brethren's, being free from all "natioBflii- 
laea," ihaatd perform the preater part of religions duties. Thatwe 
may .not deoeive oiKselvea let us examine how theiamtter stands in 
reality. The whoic number of Chnroh edifices aooerding to tbe 
TJnitm States oatsos of 18&0 wasS6,01]. Average nsmber of 
Bittings 884, ^vingacoommodation to 13,849,896. Of the nnw- 
ber of edifioee the Fresbyt«rians had 4,584, the Ccngragationaliata, 
lAiiheran, Batch and German B«fonned, together, nad 3,538. 
Episcopalians 1,422, making 9,584 aocomiaodadng 3,661,056. 
Against which, if we take one half of onr onmbers for the United 
States, we can. show but 9,000. This comparison renders obvious 
the &llaaious reasoning . of the reverend writ«r, when ajiplied to 
this country and probably will be the same, or worse, apply it 
where we will. 

The oomparisou gives eridonoo that we are the least, flonrishing 
among chnichee, and it behoves us as Mthfijl christian warriors to 
refum, to set onr hoaae in order, and alter and amend our entire 
syston of govenunent. 

If we mnfit needs have historical preoedents for onr guidance, 
might we not with more advantage look back b^ond the days of 
Hermhut to the " Ancient Church" when it spread over the nations 
of Bohemia, Moravia, Poland, etc.;' l>efi)re "all men spoke well of 
it," when the Church was "a Church of martys and confessoiB" 
and in a state <^ aetivity in all its parts ; hefore it aspired to be 
" eodeanolL in eccleiin"— to be a seed, a light and a abuidard for 
Christendom to rally under and purify themselves &om the stains 
they may have recdved in their enoonnters with the corrupted 
world? Slight we not: gain uaefal. lessons from the polity and gov- 
emment which swayed ue Church in those remoteand flouri^iiiig 

A. B. C. 

The Members of the Brethren's Society for propagating tbeOos- 
pel among the Heathen, are hereby invited to attend the Annoal 
MeetJng of the Society, which, God willing, will be held at Beth- 
lehem, on the 8th of September next, the second Thursday of tho 
Mouth. — ^The exercises' of the day will commence at 9 o'clock, A. M. 
JWH C. JaoOBBOH, Pretideni. 
Betiilehem, Aug. lOtb, 1^53. 



Deputed this life, on the 16tb of July tart, at Nisky, St. 1 
«r. Hannah Weiss, daughter of our br. aad sr. Jaoob BliokensdiBr- 
fer of Canal Dover, in the 28th year of her aga, and on the 20th 
of the same month, her beloved partner — oar mnoh esteemed br. 
(teorge A. Weiss, son of onrbr. and sr. Jedidiah and Mary Weiss, of 
Bethkhem, in the 32d year of his age. Suffering an illness of but 
four days, from that fdl destroyer, the yellow-fever, their mortal 
existence was soon terminated. 

Cut off in the prime of life ; removed while engtged in fteooree 
of vigorous, and successful usefulness ; pierced by the arrow or 
death while sounding loudest the silver tones of the gospel trumptit, 
— here human reason fula ; but it was not in man's work th&t our 
dear brother and sister were engaged, and if the Lord's work, will - 
not He know how to choose His servants, and how to employ their 
gifts ? Will not He know what He has yet to do, and who is fit- 
test for it. We might think none more fit, and likely to win souls, 
nnd glorify God in Christ, than these ; and their glorified Bene&c- 
tor, whose thoughts are not as man's thoughts, but high in wisdom, 
exalted in purity and righteousness, and deep in penetration, even 
as the heavens are superior to the earth. He, whoso is the church 
and the world, and who never yet mistake hath made, hath He 
erred in this instance ? Oh 1 frail creatures of to-day, full of sin. 
imperfeclJOBS and corruptions, with our fears and sorrows, shall 
we say to Him who is God blessed from everlasting to everlastit^r 
What doest thou? 

Ah no I we are not ignorant concerning them which are asleep; ' 
*' we sorrow not as others which have no hope," for *' blessed are 
the dead that die in the Lord," " they rest from their htbors" — 
" they lay aside their corruptible bodies to put on inoormptioD." 
The &ail tabernacle of the flesh is exohai^^ for everlasting hab- 
itadons, — their companions are the spirits of the just made perfect 
— their employment, to tune their golden harps and to sing the 
new song, " worthy is the I^nb, that was slaw, to power' 
and riches, and wisdom and strength, and honor, and glory, and 
blessing for ever and ever." 


And life's long warfare closed at Uet, 
Your eouls are fimnd in peac«. 

Soldiers of Oirist well dtaie, 
Praise be your now employ ; 
And while eternal ages nm, 
Rest in your Savior's joy." 


Br. Peter WoUe, after a long life faitbfully spent in the Lord's 
oetvice in tie Brethreu'a Church, in Tarious stations of its North- 
«m and Southern PrOTince, and lastly for upwards of 16 years as 
laborer of onr Conffregation at Litiz, having in consequence of the 
loss of his dear helpmate added to hia advancement in years, retir- 
ed from active service, br. Levin T. Beichel, Principal of Naiaretli 
Hall, has been called to fill his offices in the above mendoued con- 
gregation ; and some further chansea have in consequence taken 
place among our laborers, viz.: br. Edward Rondtbaler, has been 
called from Philadelphia to Nazareth, as Principal of Nazarctli 
Hall; br. Edm. de Sohweiniti from Lebanon to Philadelphia ; br. 
Theophilus Wunderliog from Sharon to Lebanon, and W. Frauois 
Holland from Canal Dover to sWon, 0. 

Trarulation of Paul Gerhard"* cdAnUed German Eymn : 

"Nun ruhkn auj W-sldkr." 

Now rest beneath night's shadow 

Man, beast, and town and meadow ; 

The world in slnmber lies : 

Up I up 1 my drowsy pow«s, 

Amid uiese ulent hoars, 

Let pruse to your Creator rise. 

2. sun ! where art thou staying. 
The ^wer o€ night obeying — 
Of ni^t, die foe of day ? 
Bupne ! for Jesus, nearer, 

A brighter sun and dearer, 

Shines in my heart with blissful ray. 

3. The day has now departed; 
The gddeu lidits have started 
From out the heaTens' blue dome : 


4M' ' AOKKovmswifKitn. 

Thu, dnu will I be .staadii^ 
Wlien God shall oall, oonuawding 
He from t^ T&le of teats and gloom. 

4. To rest tbe bod?' buteth ; 
Ite garments off it oaetetfa— 
Type of moTttiity ; 

^ese I, indeed, atrip firom ne, 
But Christ shall put upon me 
A robe of glory in lie-akj. 

5. Head, hauds, and fee^ now loosed, 
Their daily Labors closed, 

Joy in their liberty ; 
Swell thou, my hetul, with gladness, 
That soon hom all euth's sadness 
And toil of sin thon irilt be free. 

6. Go, then, ye weary members. 
Go, get you to your slumbers; 
The downy bed ye crave : 

But know, the hour is near you 
When other hands sh^ bear you 
To your last, narrow bed, the grave. 

7. My eyes e'en now are clodng; — 
In dreamy steep repodng, 
Where doth the slomb'rer dwell ? 
I to thy grace bet^e me ; 

In danger ne'er forsake me, 
Thou, that keepest Israel 1 

8. Dwigers aroimd me hover; 

"* With thy broad wing O cover, 

And save me irom iMna : 
When Satan would devoor me, 
May uigel-Koards float o'er me, 
Singing : Tbift child sh^ me«t no harm. 

9. Ye, dear ones, too, securely 
May take yonr rest ; for snrely 
No evil need yoa feat ; 

God walch you, sweetly rie«patg ! 
His hosts tb^r vigils ke^ng 
Aroond yost bed wiUi tender eare.— >E. 1 
HetceTsbnrg, Apr. 1853. 

BUBSOaiPTIORS.— John Bnk, Lnn 

Jlo*. H. A. ShulU «ir Rer. Mr. Sdmurt-, „, _ 

John Cbnit, 'U^HiDOB OHun. Un. Ml* W^ •IS. 

DOHATIOB Uwu4t BolMBiiD goDgi.—FniB ■ bi. m PUliddiihU, (10. 

DOSiTtaS tomidi the Klfldon Is Utetder^Fiom Ph. Schmidt, 0., t>- 





1V0.10. OCTOB^,M8S. TOI.. 4. 



•[From the " Miuton'a-Bka."] 

Thk lateet acconnts which have reached ne from our Bcethnn fft 
Lake Boga, seema to afford a Bomewh&t brigtfter hope aa to the fa- 
■ture pco^>eate of- our AaBtTaUan ItUoDoo y- inaamneli aa the Papoos 
' are be^nning .to lose those feelings of fear, aini distrust with which 
thej iiave hitherto regarded our Hissionaries. Not: that ^g 'should 
deem ouTselTes justified in cherishing sanguine expectations of 
' 'early snooess. 

While it behoovee usito thank AeJioid, who has giaeiously per- 
mitted our Ghnroh to engage-in tMs Btmg^ewidithekingdom of 
darkness, we are bound to leave tlie issne in -His hands, and to 
guard equally against' impatjenoe and despondency. May our two 
.Brethren, who are stationed in that benighted country, be enabled 
to pnt m the whole armour of Qod, that they may approve them- 
eelves as good soldiers of Jesus'Ohrist, sad .cheerfully persevere ha 
: th^ self-denying labors I 

From Sri A. T. G Tuger, to the Mmum-£oard. 

LA.KB BoQA, Aug. 24th, 1852. 
iBear Brethren: — 

That Uie winter or rainy season commenced veiy early this yeai^ 
you will have le&mt from my last letter. The water has been coo- 
stautly riong, bo as at lengdi to Inundate the whole plain, wh>''' 
has assomed the appearaaoe of a vast lake, with ducks and F 
■wimming on its surfitoe. Batii^eeit thii plus and .th»^ 


tlien an taveal liolloira in the gTOmid, whioh hsTO ttdmt^ beea 
mter-holes, tluni^ no EaropMB, utd but few F^hmm, remember 

luTiiw seen tlum filled, ^ler aU ue now Aill of mter. 

A uoTt time am, I wu mIIbiI to o&data &t the fiinenl of k set- 
tler beymd the Hnrniy, whe- kad be« mtfortiiiutely drowned. 
HkTing perfoEued the required eerrioe, I art out on my my home, 
%»oomp»med bj ft Iteoo, called i'^er (the sa<ne to Khora isfonuea 
1W jmIo in r^ lait laHer). SMiaf anmei die Mora, m todi 
,a fOBM tteoD^ tJie -woods, to •void the Bvaof* aad annww. 
i%far rode first, ever; now and Ibes lookisg about cai«faU7, to see 
lAetfier Z was tMow^ft him. 0» oar pannnji; aev^sl «arli, he- 
knj^r^ probably to ^Id-d^gei^ iw raddaidy kept ctoee to wai de, 
bat took the lead again, aa soon as they were o«t of sieht. When 
I aaked him, why he did so, he said ; 'I am afraid of those people, 
adding at the same tim^ that be fait per&otily eafe in my company. 
As it was rather lato when we readhed I^ke Boga, he consented to 
stay over night with ns. The fcAowing morning, he left as again, 
having repeated his promae to tetarB mth bis mmily, and remain 
with as. We intend to engage tlie jerrioes of this Fapoo and his 
wife, both because ho exerts a considerable infloence over his coun- 
trymen, and becansQ we desire to inatmct Ms children. 

I most relate hen a ntthw distoesnog oeenrreaee, qriii#h iuB 
jflfit come to OUT notiee. Ahope&lyonthafthiattibe (tbohnitbev- 
is-laiw of I^ter), was not h»^ iwo killed by hoatile Fapooa. He 
had been educated at the Institntion in Melbanrse ; and when that 
Insdtation was ^ven up, he was placed with Christian peofJe, 
where he learned the tulor'a busineBS. We made hiaaeqmuntuiee 
Coring oar first vi^ in Mribonme. He om« ttkiD to Me as, and 
«^ewred to ^lee entiie oenfidiMoe is as. We also felt^^reat afiee" 
tiaa for him, and were almost inoUned to take him with ns to lAks 
Boga; hut, by the advice ef onr Mends, we desisted from thjspnr- 
jMse. LatUrly he had been worUng as tailor at the gold dignn^, 
and had earned a eowiderahie sum ef meney. Bwt, nov Aedesre 
«roBe in hha to visit his i^alives, oad he joBied a nomber ef car- 
ries, who were eonveyine goodn to tite newly estaUidiied ptdioo- 
station at iSwan Hill. ABout ninety miles from this plaae, ne feU 
in with the first Papoos of his tiibe, and, in spite of the waniinm 
of the carriers, follow^ them to their camp. He never retained ; 
■and his ooi|»e ma fomid some d^« after. 

Avffuit 2%th. 

We had to-day the pleaaoie of welcoming the Sist two young 
wan ef the tribe inhalMiBg this distmt, who ewn ef tbw own 
Iteeotd to ■» as. They wm boA wHl-iameiiVni hui MtaBdu^g 
M)iabl0lB«hdrmenaaoenilMliinriQr. OaikmrKmmlwkeiar 
IWm, ilwy idaoed Amr wauon in • aoiMn, Md Mitand urto wm- 
vwBMtha ma B^ irtiah gMdqri^ylMiimnMMfnJifdy. n^tbes 


gnritaaaJa ■a u fc e i ^of aW M L flg w^ nMft Aty iift^*»1toM[iftkf 

Ifcwawlw, MWt i iwp o otB^-OTWy #i^h> our troeg, tiiej-foe^teaw- 
of OB, pmrnHldiig' tD>nttt»'Bl9mly', ud'biU^ tbe& iriTM-afti' rf^- 
^n Witt tibom. It m^mm 4MtHKW Mro- wmn mat- mb^ ilf- 
the odK^ wU^ is qim^ MwMdflDoe iriA their mod iMoliee'. 

WIha Aey )»d l«ft OS, we feU- down W^tbe Lord with fori- 
ings of gmdtnde mm! al^seinait. 9 tint H* would hsstes (be 
time, wsCTi He will pMmltvs to' caatmt the Geepel-iiet among; 
these poor benighted bMA«k I 


HO. I. DaOH&BflAH. (eoimiT (wasmaob.) 

At Boeh-lim, the last station hefon AnMgh, we Irft the Ulrter 
line <d laihn;, and «einmeiidHig on Inggagv to the can of the^ 
•tation-master, walh^d for abo<do»e mile to wi»aD town erf Kefe- 
mi, and theoee almost the nine diatMioe to Dra marga n. One of 
ear party had beeeme aoqaainted with anne rdslms of a Hr. 

8 , a eooDtrf geaHeman of the Sooety of I>Had% wba Tesdw 

at a jdaee called Ckweacnnt, juat offmate Um upot wbtm Hkt^ 
Bnthien'a tdtapd etoed, and had immtm a presH^ nvitatioB t* 
Tint him aa booq aft ooDTement. Oa tmmag off boat t]u hi|^- 
zoad to HamiHoa's Bawn, and striking vp a lain, we deseiiad at 
elderly gentleman eaperiat^tdiaf; hit reapem. Aa m dnwaearer^ 
he <nme to meet na, uid f^T* Be a vw^ hearty welcome. It was 
Mr. S. hinueJf. Alter some oonTomtioB aboat the " old piaee" 
and the Brethren's oongregatKi* whicfa was frwm^ly eatahllaheif 
here, we sat dowa at our ent«rtaww'» hoepitBhle ho&ii, aad atiff 
the same theme was uppenaoet, onr fijend ^pgoKang- to ragiet the' 
withdmnl,cif the Breduea ftom thia i^em of tfair activity ^ 
mneh astro. AAss dinaer, he took nsdawBtoJAlarKa^onr mfi);^ 
with whiek a miU tot Btot^ang lax -is eooseoted,- only abtfot-'fliw 
■invtea walk bom his hanse and onhavd. Fkoeeedii^ a few Mepr 
anward, we left Ae tow«4aad <^ "RirHrrtanminy, nwd fitflming (my 
a bridge, '^ich f^aoa the small stream in the bottom of the TsQey^ 
we were n the tvwn-laad of Ihnmargaii, aad aooa aUo on the aite 
wt our foiser tenemAt. We finmd a rmice >elf ImB^iu; oompiii^' 
iig both At tM Ghmk, ami the Sister's Houe; the Utter, im^ 
mediaMy- (^joniBg th* 4buah| it am tlu Jhwiliiig of • mhA 


SM DBViUMiir. 

aanti ■ Jghnrtwi, md -of ku»o4lur. Tbii nun'i &lhw paro&anA 
tiu [d«M £ro|ii the Bietki«t, for the i|Bniaui46r of lh«r leue, at- 
the oMt of IDOZ. 1^ Kston' koms is two-«to«ed, bat willi ven- 
]ow oeiiiuss, ila kittiheii floor beiJng a. ow^antion of lime, wbuuk- 
ttad been Lud domi'-bT the Brellu«ii<ftt the fint buldise of the' 
hooae, ud is in ezaellent preNiTBti<»»to tiiia day. If .ue house 
WM never luger than it now is, uid I do not believe it evet waa, I- 
eumet comprehend how uztaen or achtaai aicten lived in it, >»■ 
JotmBton'e mother aaBnred na, the " Siateifaood" oaoe numbered. 
Fart of the old ohocch hae been added by the present oocnpier to- 
hia hooM, and OMd^ him as a weaving shop, and the remainder' 
serves for a bam. The walls are n&l B^ong, built of stone auiL 
mbstantial. It appe«n there must have been two doors in the firont 
of the edifice, fiuing the gardnt, one at each end, for either sex. 
At the other mble of the ohnroh the Hinister's house was ratoated, 
■m& ft Tsat^^oor oommnnioatii^; with the interior of the ohnr^, 
bj whieh, likewise, the offioiatiBg ministeB was wont to enter. The 
pal{at stood in the middle, between the two public entianoe doors, 
and tiierefore on Ike side next to tiie KBideB. The laborer's House 
is quite gone, and its mte is now garden land. The spot was also- 
pointed oat to ns where a small wi<^t gate used to stand, leading 
to the baek premisee, yasd etc, and ramA the oomer to Uie front 
of the dwriung boose. The inmediate front of the whole range 
was probably a gnrel walk, or bdd out in flower beds, and was 
sepanted from ue garden, by a low waU, still existing, at least in. 
part, and oovemd with privet. The garden was again>uvided fhuir 

the borying^mud by an< eaiAen mbnnd, with qniekseb hedge on^ 
the top, moist a wnlk, eondncting to ttte mres of' onr diluted 
Brethren and Sisters, interseoted.Uie mrden into two eqwJ portions. 
'S\m moond is gone, bnt &e grassy mUoeks, in their original rows,, 
are still viable ; and we discovered two gravestones, with the name, 
of (MlisoB (wko^ I believe, was one of the eariiest Society mem^.- 
bwt) on Uie one, and an inscrtptien «o Jndisti&et on die other, that 
we oOald not deoypker it. We were ffriOTed to hear, that several : 
«f the stones (freestOBe) had been pniicnned fto sqrthe aad sharpw-^ 
iog stones. They farid as a stoir ot a man, sevml of whose rela- 
tives had been buried here dnnng the reodenea of Ae Bratbren,- 
■ad iA» had also here mtomd^he namm<it< hia wift, at her own 
paitioalnr naoeat, made shortly befon W-d^wrtnre, after the dis- 
■rintioB of the Onfgrention' : in the oontseof tine he sMUriecl' 
again, and oommittwt £e.aaeiil^ (fbr so it is gemrallyirMBnled 
in the naighborfaood) oft tnkitag awav all die grareatonesof hwowm 
relations ; but mnoe then^ pei£aps being stmok with remorse, h* 
l>a»a|fliied to ji^utstoni for leaM to have his own bones here-laid' 
to rest at his d^mrtnre, iriiieli reqneat was, however, indignantly 
xe&sed. The-'' Field of Ood,"* as-oor Ownmn Brethrm term It, 
&•■ awrer bwa aalliralDd, bat k plantai ofar ^th fruit tiMs. Wo 


^wm iaioimai of miWai a 
Md wafli tka m^ptotkniy wbo Ue faaied htfC) but it is now iMl- 
Mi|^ ddrHr jaaa aaee tba last intoment tadc {dioe.' fieW A» 
gnn-jui, Aon wh & niudl atrip of meaiowy jtut liu^ eaon^ 
to affrad " <m« eoik of k&y for tbo mlButer'i cow." 

.feeHngB u I trod «n the stall faetmlifully 
a dufit at tha dead. Tmly, it wu k holy 
ilpot! but the thon^t— (iin{deBsnitlj distoeenig too, breaking is, 
am it did, <n Ike tcuB ot fimA MBtaiqdBSoii sleelted by the calm 
of K hraafy. ftahnniai'aitMiifliAy l^' the tfiAtmmij of tbe locoH^, 
-aod the ba / i Ui ma isd rediMaonMS of ^bygone timas) — would eon- 
tboAy sbliade itttlf-: ma^ vrtrt) s aerfMP<maree be justly pref«Ted 
-AaaiBBt vt, far afaa*diisiiig GaU ybe^ flttd uie renutinB of then 
iriion we oue had welMsnd M awe bra&teli and riateis ia Ohriat f « 
We are well amirad &e SsvioE onM f» t&dr dnat, and not' one 
partiele Aoeof jAd^fn wandiiB o>^ daj of Sit-«tfaenng ; the 
oarin watnJieB met them is oeir ovtwaid iadattm irom that 
CfanrcA that txam mnabend them aiaeBg ite msmben ; but ii not 
flYcn this ontwaid indatioa abhXiqionbiffeecleAastiaaleBmbdieou? 
Far be it Gron ma to OMann on uueatora 1 Were they not, for 
tiio most par^ miah^ Bmr-^^msB of resows, utd bero6B in tie 
'ftitb, who had aobt^ ctiatiHgaiBhed tfamadves on many a battl»' 
afield? Ferb^B, if Uyttung^I An ml^at iftelnwdtOTenerata thraa 
tool^hlyf SotAHea^tteyaated'tortfae beatof tiek ind^ht «a 
«baudoaim tin rfaonj ud withdrawtas tar oilier n^rai^ ot ena 
'Jdfii^baeKittAe'eBstevt doabtlcw tbe^ bad reaaoiMr thttw^Hn 
^lot now aoqoaiatU villi : Mi, ataniBBg in t3ie nudat ttf tins dot*- 
latios, I eonld mi btit d^len Ab /tc(, I CvlJd mt but iM a^ wt 

ne^mtm Wbe Wkea the i^ of Ae p n e w it ftvdnen's Ooiigr^a- 
lioBs in &e NoHk «€ ImlaKd Wte eaHed oror I* Woald it notht^ 
!been much better, -At least w we axy be inclined to Hunk, to have 
striven yet a little longer to weatii«: 'Ihe etoim, in lelianoe on the 
help of Bjin,*ba ia Atebtr to aavorf iff. If dnveB to Ae ntmoat 
extremity^ to havB iet & iami, Htfil snab time^a we ooold haw 
taken it mtoffnrotimhMide won f That Ae Ooagi^tion dwindle 
«way, and SA Aolling towaras its owd adpport, we need not b6 
-raiprised at, if tbe eayi&f— recorded to thia iaj, — (concerning one 
-of tta laboroe) i> a Koghboring congre^tiou lie oorreot; via.: that 
hia pwpetnal refrain t» Us pao|da waa : " My dear bvethreo aaA 

■ We Mf Aat we are^Kmnd M lindicMe dwiaemetyef -6i>r ipiritna! ai> 
■cotoH. ThCy were M^ad " uen of ien«wn, baroes in the Jkith." T|m^ 
took lin part ia the "r^flviH" ijatom, to Khidt our nam-hcartej biolber 
«IIUdeK. TU wM( dr upriiafMii fta* nut dMe in arieietlt lamei, Ml VriftiA 
tha laat haKcmtdty, It b JoM Me buudica <r»>n rniec Ctalrtieb Mght tM 
•an Of OMiMU'ktaM}', Mtht «ala itf Bwiadon.— Siw oar HMo^ fFia> 
leml Vbmmff} yafe M.—EatMa. 


aiiteni, Ton on do BotUiig I" AmoiMj bo tner nwl «aalil ba 
9fokfm, in la&nniM to the wtA of mmlaaa ; but U npud to the 
epmd of our Sftrior's Idngdinn, tliuiIiiuaM,fbw«ijstomutbeverj 
iqipoBte of the Apoatolio plan ; tite <rei7 of^ioBito of tb ooone 
pnrsned by onr own ranemd Ghnroh, iriieii, putknbi^^in 1727 
«n, she rose vith a young g^f s strength mm pomed k decidedly 
aggreoKTO policy (certainly not always with jvodenM) till 1760^ 
^d ike very opposite likewise, of the proceedings of John Gennick 
and his uaodates, who oombitted great {^ndenee with extnordinn- 
Tj activity. Sorely leal, oo-existent with knoiriedge — ^jes, eren & 
<upee of tegitimato enthnniism ong^t to be an i^iediuit tn the 
ohancter of erery feUow-woricer witii Ohnst Z nuty be wrong in 
theee views, and am quite willing to be ooneetad ; bat I believe 1 
have good gnmnds tot them. Be this as it may, whilst few to oar 
.Savior eminently dislingwahed some of our LufverB in this prov- 
ince, at the time when I)ramargan was abandoned, /<tiA in his 
almighty pewer to rerive his won in the midst of the years, and 
Aope in the fulfilment «€ his pimnise, ajqpear to have held only very 
subordinate places. Tbe oonseqnenoe of the reiteration of the 
above-mentioned declamti<m, that At members of the oongrevaiaoa 
could do nothing, v*>t ** *<> nit^t reasonably oonelnde, dial in 
process of time, the brethren and sisters really did notiiing, lod m 
the congregation came to an eid^ and now ttat ezaetly 100 yean 
have elJ^iaed sUee 4he great BWikening took jAaoe there, and in thnt 
aeighberhood, let us renonber it at tiie tkone of graee, and 
enrMsUj ^y the Lord to resew his wwk in that ooagr^ation, 
and make it the noeleu of much eniitoal good for the souls of 
periahing amnsa. Oh I that it might please Him, in his tender 

ut& Tg Um CootehiH u •Uu w detr u life. It wu then he fint behs(d 
(he U^t of daj. There, he ww t»u|[ht to beliiTe in the Lord Jesiu Chnst 
— Ui tua BaVior. There, ereo in childhvod, lie receiied the fint imprenioni of 
ft Scnai*! lere uid hu own Teepouribaitj — the du^ of ereiy belieTer to win 
•oak farCkiM — to be ■ wkoeM fb( l«H(i> — to pKkd) the goepel to erer; 
jMtun with iM the power which it j«j ban pleued Oed to give him. la 
^886, theeongwg«tioa«tC— tehJH w** diM^Ted, paK of the propntr wm 
•lid, and llie remuDder fispoMd lor lale ; he aiooe ilnad in the gap. Upay 
hil own leepooeitnlit;, igaiiut the whole weight of CiHifereiitiBl euthnrity, 
he caDed the acattered aheep together, and met Ibem nith the breiul of ILfr. 
The ConfeieDce jieided : (Molehill wu aavnl. But he wm then threslened 
with B " dng ;"- aad tiom tJMl lime to the preieAt, tiirongfa ■ long conne of 
twMitj>£ve jean, h* hai beaa eempeUad to faal the wai|fat of tlut drag, at 
aU time* wheiwTer a ftw hare tbund it cODTcnisi^ to eiarciM tbemaelira oil 
tlw " rtfrim" lyitem, &oin irhicti, may the Lord looii delirer hia Church. 

If th«e had been no br. Barr; Warten, where would Kilkeel hife been 
•t thia daj > The piac« waa aold, — all was gone, — whan he arose like « 
(iant ; and the leaewed congrcgatioa itill eiiati. ,. 

So much fcr petaonal reapeaaibilitj, ia opyesttiM l« (he gtftditmaf aii4 
re/rma ^yetem* — Editob. 

atercy, to outble Hia bietimn's people, ia iUi new oenta^ of our 
«l)ode: in tfae North, sot only to re^eeoigr Hmr lost poattione st 
Jim, the Billoa, GockhiU,-Derniaid}<Ki, AjIjw^ Antiim, Grogan, 
«to., where tkej hMd onoe clwpeu sad BovriBhing SooietiM, bat even 
goisK beyoad tbeM plncee, to break forth into the enemy's country, 
for were is yet mnch land to be posseeaed. This is tJie ardent and 
looet einoeie Jon^ng of mf heart 1 The Lofd hasten it in hie ows 
good timei 

We lisgerad loag <m this iutoreedng spot^ and with difficulty ton 
AoneliEB &on it, but as we did so, it was with the ulent sqiint- 
tion in all our hurts, that we nught onee again tread this groimd* 
no longer devoted to seonlar purposes, bnt to the ^>read of our Be- 
deemer'B kingdom. 

This tenement o(»npriuB one Irish acre, bnt the Brethren held 
10 aorea Emd 86 peiobes immediately a<Hoi«iBg, on another lease, 
and paid for the former (eo Johnston told ns) 14a. per acre, and 
18s. 6d. pet acre for the latter. Since the &1I of the last life, that 
vt the Doke of York, the rent has been raised to 22s. &]., which 
is the amonnt thai Johnston now pajs for the larger |»OTtion. Next 
year, (1862) the lease of the one acre, en whieb the chRpel stood^ 
drops I Does it not seem almost provide&dsl that we paid i«t Tiei> 
jnA at this oritioal limeT K^rewie has usee been made to antben-; 
lie documents, asd ife appears the 12th Norember, 18&2, iB the pre- 
oise day of the eKinratun <tf the leaW. JohnstMi is In poor cir- 
eomstanoeB, and wovld readily gire up the house and land for Mjr 
201 or lesi^ and we migbt then get the lease on lives renewable for 
jsrer. Tin jmaeBt ivopiietor, a desoendaat of the Mr. Qieen from 
whom the bretlwen obtained the lease, is a minor, ^d the propwty 
is in Cbaneeiy. Oar fiieiid Mr. 8. remanded us how much the 
Tftlne of land has now fitllen in Irelsad, and aid, he inu^ned we 
might get the lease of the one acre for .perhaps 60l., adding, " If 
the Brethren ecnne baok aipia, I will be one of ^em." 

Johnston's mother was very uuions to give as information, and 
diverted us not % little by perpetnally talking of the "Nuns." 
Mr. S— related a little aneodote indicatJTe of the Hnd feeling* 
which sxisted- between his progenitois and the Brethren, aqd also 
of the near interest which the former took id all the eon- 
«eraa of the latter, even the most trivial. On one ocoasion, lus 
crandmother was lying ill in bed, when a small lattice was put into 
Ue baek wall of the mstera' House, but an intervening Bhrub or 
Jne hid it from her view. She be^ed (bat it might be cut dawn, 
«nd (bis was immediately done, to her great graluication. Mr. &, 
lingered with much fondness on the Children's meetings, and said, 
many a time he slipped over, when a boy, on a Sunday afternoon, 
to attend them, ai^ to listen to the nioe " tiaots" and accounts 
which used to be read. (I &ncy be must mean Memoirs of depa' 
^fhildrenj and I think it is a great pitj ve have not v 


ftbemfairihndtttcivMW. I uiif«ttiBAia<Mrt*tiotB«cUTMroMi 
tnir m atmndiDM of Aem, tad dtoy nonlil ofdrMafteit sntoiA) 
TlM BrttbteK'l hiMM wu Om* hitf aA BaglUfa mlk dT^ oa tt« 
«ip of a pntty kiU>J«t it &ad imm glna up iMfbve Hr. e^^-i^ 
iticnild Nmonbn. We kii not tiae to gv ttitber. leMObsAtt 
4it one tnue, * large fcnii had beok obBtaelad *iA it^ fait <i«r M«i 
.eoutd not ny how naak luA die Single Bretbfen' hat octm^edj 
he only Bpoke about a eertain Thomu <!ifioige having been tfaeir 

Hm foptilation abntt Dndnafgaifa .Wmaatek^aiiTCfy FHWtU* 
iMM; bM thoq^ tfenn an BefenA fko« of Venlfi^ at Bi^kUl, 
Md a Uj^ Prlaitite WeateyBB eh^el^ tut far Intt Hr. B>i-m— '■ 
houae, yet Iheie b veiy litUe nMiitoal life in ikfiifjbllnikmdi 
!nM Het&oifiat ehapci Waa oAoled abeot H jem* ag% and ttane is 
|WeaDlilD{t in It onoe a forUiight ib tbs eramaigt gsncnilfy boitinW, 
t» a m£ aaditot;; . After tea, we irtnfc dimi ta lUi <dia^ aod 
• «neof ontparijpreNehedaaim^reBitvartenKnionlCar. i. 28,M, 
and anatker brotber^cwiGladed with ^j«tf. There «0te about M 
peo^e {iieseirt, who lutened mtb die gteateeti MUbttott. BaMial 
^ them came vp to as sAer the MTrioe^ and begged we wonldMan 
oome and p-eacfa agun. 

- A Mu' isUiion of aevend jmm ha H of ottt Chmih iig%tak 
■fimr, of about 80 atres, and ■ ifthaUk a idoe UNte be«a 
j«st eppodte to the Brathtvb'a old tMMUBt, M tki other 
tide Of tiu Ull. The aoU btnabaiti laratlier gniMy aod Maih^ 
JnittolMaUy fWtUo, la eaeUy etdthated^ ^iMMU partiMiail^ 
flirdi«l»laft>thegfoinhaf iat. IheappeMio* of tftalandatHpe 
ii Osta^t arid MUy, and then an mlliv hiMtifiri iMlka hi tto ika- 
niedfote vidttity. "tiot Ina to bs btoight flitab a |Haoa ealledthd 
JHnnehetB, aboit eefren ttilea off, and «allto Ss. Od. per eaitlaad at 
Ihtf bog, aOd as. or as. M. additfamil tat Mn%|a, m timk Awl ia 
ven ezpenuve; bilt the town of Nawrjr la oUf IB ailetf diaiaM, 
^yoVLettojflt thoregciod Sng^ eoalfkr lot. talS».ytttm. 
Bauiltini'B &»m IttUeefaaMenof kulay andthei^yof At- 
' Jiagh four maHtm, dbtMrt. 

We B^nt the ereaiilg doat t>l«aMiitly, ' fihd ihtfted At Mti 
tDohting ^a die' Kieh-Ull Mafioh, As iTe Hit' 111 tile tiUiiny eaMi^, 
<we opened onr text-book^ to ieai (he tetta tat the day,' u>t iatmit 
■^ IJnle to'penrae thaa Ufott wiaiiig, hftd dittiteg faat^awi^ 
Wfelt mni^ eneom^Md by ilhe pftMagU ot BMfptttM ^rm tts^f^ 
the preeeding day, tuf oiarur ritit to ' BuimiatgiA. The lUly 
Woidvas: "nnf^o^ofAteLord^ijMjfedBtttoalttteMei^e." 
I^v. ix. 23. 

Jastts, t^ Mdb elN«Slirik'« Wd, 
Loid oT «e IhSi^ eM 1<>e dead, 

OKCHAsoAB'. earn 

£ad A« DoofaTDal text : " Without EUth, it il impoanble to jAeama 
Sod/' Heb. xi. 6. 

'Tie F&ith tiai ohuigsB all the heart, 

"Rb Faith that worlu by Lore 

That bids all ainfal jotb depart, 

And lifbi.the thooghtB above. 

Shoold yon, brother E^iitor, fed diBpoBed' to iasertithe above 
lamlire, in your " Fraternal MeBseager," — (notwithstanding it§ 
obliquities and inaocnracieB of style, nhich I must beg you to 
oxotUK), u I fasTe no time to attend to the niceties of oomposition, 
eren were they at my oommand, which is, however, sot ^e case): 
— «nd shonld yonr leaden take an interest in the subject, I may 
wnd you the acconnte of some other visits paid to abandoned aeati . 
of the Brethren ; as also, if approved of, some information, gleaned 
from anthentio Boaroes, regarding the eudy history of the Brethren 
in the North of Ireland. Heaowhile, I have the honor and privi>- 
lege to mbwribe myself, 


Dm. 2d, 1851. 

Fromianotlier commnnioalioQ, we leam that an appointment hat^ 
been made for a periodioal vintation to onr "/ortaken ttatiotu *» 
i^OMd." This speaks well for. our KlderB. We h(^ they will 
persevere, and do tJieir utraut inithe matter. It appears the Dep- 
utation has met with enconntgement " in all of them;" and tlMt 
onr brethren o£. Oraoehill and OokbrocA propose to raise a fund to 
enable die HesscBger of mercy to visit those places regnlady. A 
bdy baa offered to snbsoribe five pounds aoDnaUy tow«r& Hiis work.: 
Hay the Lcvd Mesa herl Who thenis willing to follow her.DoU« 
eaamide f " Who ^enis willing to oonsecmte Ida service this day 
onto the Lord?" To aamst id l£e (j^tioss work of gospel evut— 
geliaation now gmng forward .in IreUnd f Surely onr brethren and 
BSters and friends, who have the means, will not fail tooometotbe 
kelp of the Lord against the m^hty — to support this inteiestiog 
labrar of. love: 

&ellu:eii, go forward 1 A^n uid i^ain we would exclaim in 
the apiit-atirriQg woi^ of the Shiuuunite, " Drive, and go fbrwiod } 
•Iwk not thy ri£ng for me, except I bid thee."— -Editoiu 


Off tja nmmftimn 10 SKLfmsmtMam, 

Seuok deep into iky prinoiplee of wtion, the gnntitd of t^ 
obedience ; weiofa mil Ih^nolnm io'tiM Iidan« df thj nocta- 
MT. Bzunine Uht intantiDitiii BehaU Mitt' bbbi what suniur of 
■pirit thoa ui of. 

Ob I tken, ere it be too Ute, give im gnwe^ thwed Bedeemerr 
to ezuniae well what manner of sfdrit I un of, lest I ehoold re- 

etror till that m^iI period, wlten, etwilhii Iwftn At 

' wery ^nrit di^ be »■* i — ""^ -" -^--^ — " ^ 

mentj of h« 
list, WkeDlattndtheetdHMOMof tWae^d,iB y>i»irwpA 

ihwd' triJiaaBl, enrr ^nrit iali be nde lawdfeet e( 
With ell BimedtT oC heart I-wmH Mqnke. 

doIatlHDd thsBf Do I esMS tatoihe ho«n of Ood h epser 
htffft vobU go to Ifae dmHSmg of the iidi for bnad to ea^ and 
x^mtt to p^ ear Is it tie bread of lifcasd t^aaiBrata£ 
■dTadoDirhi^IewBeetlyenwoat'llie:thi<onof {pace? Do I go 
as a poor dthtor irito has netfaiu to pay ! as a galtj erioaul em 
irium the sentesoe of death Ina oeon passed: uat my defatanay 
be eanodled thtoogh the blood of Jeaos, sad my ae« Aefifend 
from the owae oi the law f Do I so, es one who ii fid of a sore 
disease, to the ^eat FhynoiaB for health and oui», tat the gift of 
the Holy S|uiit to renovate my corrupted uatsre f Do I go to the 
hoaae of God, as my exoeedng joy, to hear the glad tidings at nl- 
ratton, to leaiB the way of i^teonsnew, and to sing tin pniaa* 
^ the Lord f Or do I go in a spirit of foi'malitj , for the sAe of 
bcang tlionsht reygtoos: fMom mere oostoia aad htlbit, aad in a 
spirit deroia at dcrolien aad love F 

Zd, Whaa I dkeMcse amoagst rdigiraa Meads tqna the trotfat 
of the Gospel, ta what spirit do I disooane npm ihem f Ih itifhtm 
a haanMt ooarielioa of tbe sweetness, ririuHes, aad vas tauu s of 
theflamystsiieBl. Jsit with&;Tiew to mutnal ediiaalioDj to pro- 
Toke VBB anotbvr to lore and t« good woi^ to stimnlata ts tsxa- 
tioQ in the eanae of Christ, lod to eocite oAera to j 
. noSB t Is it ftvfls a pure dears Uiat Christ may be g: 
his nsma may be honemd and his righteowaeai exahadf la it 
fean a piineiple of lore, tlwt i oovrcreo wA otiwa-on the ^eot* 
onaness of Je«as, the work of the Spirit, aad the joys^ Hemnn? 
Or, do Ispe^of theee things m a spirit of sfMilua) piide, tftm^ce 
a dii^y of my lei^ovs knowledge, to be tlioaght imt, SMito be 
esteemed a suat { 

3d, When I perform mv daSy duties of mj woidly calliag, ia 
what spirit do I perform them? Is it with a view to glorify Qod 
in them, and to obtain aa boaeat livelihood tbroimh the diriaa 
bleeaing on my labors, that 1 may thereby noTide for my family^ 
and have wherewith to give to him tliat needeth F 

4th, Do I retain good fbr erj — blessing fet CHiriw; — Uaditeft. 
Cw abuwt Do I bMT thesa on mtf beatt lefbte <39a ia pnyw; 

«Bd taneeOf igfflaa^ &a w^ iiiiimiwiiinrtii finior -when nuled 
to tiie enm, " either, IbrgiTe tiiem, for the; know sot wh&t they 
tioV Or JalBeaent duLriigtuaMi I9 ahutimm of tMi^w, Jnit«- 
tioii df 'S{)irit^ mtAUatioB of vroBgi : retaiai^g wben jnosAl^ eol 
for evil? 

iMr'tfr^y ^^if { dun who art the Author and finwhor of &i{b, 

^fttdl my uon^ts words uid actdoos may MreguiiiteaMoovdiiw 
to thy wiU. With trae kDiai% of beatt may I «f«r atody to »d- 

e thfi ^urilual wel&re of i^y faUaw enaturw, bjfizWtatraia, 
era, inauenoe aad example. Suffer not the enenif of ekpoIs to 
JUl ma witfi ^igh notiowi of my &WK asesUeww ; bat aver keep me 
low U my «wa ej^es. Breeerra ne fi»m e^tual pride, the haae 
of all true godlmeas. In tbe loiriy attitude «f deep oootrition, 
may I da% tomato thy hleediagtvofis for ienew«d forgiveueaaiuid 
miesed stmwth- There mw Mve and gralitnde fill my hear^ till 
pani&g tkonga the gates of death iilto uia oelealial «ity, my awA 
dull he far ever ded^ated to thy sernoe and gkuy. 

Ah I who can tell the joy, 

Which reigUB within the hreatt, 
Wbore baavwly dews of giaoe d«fieand. 

And JeaoB ia the giest. 


It sheds a fragnaoe laaid ; 
Xhoi^h still, hIuI theooxioua thorn 
Of Baton may he found. 

A bn^ "JwitHtl day 

Fowa Jig^tt and warmth withia ; 
Yet still «-dond too oft obaoana 

Its beeais, Uuoqgh islwecl bid. 

Hon is the seat of war 

When an and Satan rage ; 

Tht oooqneror !■ Om 4yiag aaint, 

Who, *f^>iB6 ^"^ ^ Bt^- 

Bkst Jea«% to my aetil 

Thy graea and Btraqgtii imyaii ; 
nu, clMhad in aea&ct aghteaonew^ 



We purpose, from fine to time, to derote two or three p>gM tat ' 
-«ztntets fimm themitiiigi of the beloved ZinMndorf, im£r the 
ftbore title. 

The first dut we ritmll bring fonrard, and to as the moot impor- 
tant Robjeet, which can be brought befoe tlie miad of nuB, is m 
the wordq, / bdteve. 

',' God w hved the world, that he gave hie only hegoUen Son, that 
■tchofoetierbdieveih in him, tkoidd liot perith, btU have eveHaating 
U/e." JfAn 8, 16. 

The geepel vu written to this end, ' thai ye might Mieve Aat 
Jetut it the 'Chriat, the Son of God, that belieoinff, ye tniyhl have 
■Kfe Arovgh hi* name.' — John 20, 81. 

I BKLiEVE. This is the difierenoe between our perKuaitm and 
that conviction which tJie devils have, (when thej believe and 
tremble.) . We believe in hi* name who is called Jetiu; foe he ihall 
save his people- from their sins. ■ Matt. 1, 21. 

We must leam to know his name arighL This is life etenuil, 
Aai they might Inwio thee, the onfy tni* God, andjeta* ChriUfehom 
Am halt tent — John 17, S. 

The Lord saw beforehand, that people wonld thmk it Miougfa for 
salvation to believe in God; theTef<»e he adds : Bdieoe alio m mc 
— John 14, 1. 

Whether we should believe tliat th^ie is & God or not, is not in 
oar power : we believe ihat by nataire. 

Though there are peo^de who wish in tit&t hexite that there wen 
no God, (Ps^m 14, 1,] that the; mi^t have die mots liberty 
to sin ; jet the; believe, whether they will or not Their most 
acute flights of reason can never erase tite idea of Ood out of their 
minds; neither can the; hinder and snpprees the knowledge of a 
supreme being. Tlie ground of it b too deeply rooted in nature, 
and in men's minds. -Becamee, ihat^which maybe known of God u 
mani/ett tn tA«fn, Jor God hath theteed it wUo them. Bom. 1, 19L 

\ow sinoe the enemy of sonls csnnOt 'hinder men from believing 
so much — nay so much he himself believes — he persnadea them, 
that it is the saving fiiith which he has. Henee people will allow 
that there is only one God, and stand in awe of his name ; because 
he con ptinish, ohasUse, viat, and condemn. This restnins people 
* from Binning bo freely, and makes (what the world calls) Aonetfaa^ 
jiut men. Bat few, oomparatively, know anything of Christ. 

For proof of this we need not go out of Christendom. What 
other oadons — Mahometans Mid f^ws — believe,^ that there is one 
only Ood, either with an entire exclusion of (dte Lord) Jesns, at 
at least denying his true Jorm and nature ; so many of those also 
J>elieve in ^e same way, who upon all ocoadons call themselves 
rafter that gicHdons name Chbiht Jisna, iChritOam. Jzsua — :the 


'oroimB IB die doBtr^riBipe&ipBiiniyeiqile'^suiitbB, ^tifebeithie tO^ 
-liim of tkeoaunt^, otimfia^; &r erenll^ matter Aaai its iiaod*} 
but it IB certaiiily vOTy.uUom>thabinMof.jK»4(,repK4nl*»)^ mMfr, 
-mad. oAer-aualiliei, aia^e fEsqueMl fmsnluB of kim as our ttziner. 
Most people require no more of .an hoBMiti«d juetnuui, thanU 
Juve an MtAil legard. of (hxl, &■ Ite OraAtor of ^e i^hole world. 

A great eiil has o'rerE^readnaoBt tif nrlut is called Ohnsteodon ^ 
that people have onlyto doniHIi.Clod, aodlit^ with <hras Cludfit, 
as if he had never Ve«i in Hie wotld, nor .wasito be firand kiev^ 
pa^ of the bible; or as if he was a cipher, and one ODiddJlvt^ 
bebere, and be sa-ved withont him-TTrEVosi heaeeiiiiB, thatdisoonz- 
KSJiboiitour Savior are comtted as tnnal, and only fit foroatochet' 
icd.Bohools; batnolB.i.Bil&>r/witextigmattoexi. Erensomeof 
those who haye to do^witb onr Sanor, tbiuk and speak but cohU; 
o£ him. Otiios, .who are coiled Christians, and lie reiikon^ 
among the best and most pions, b^eve it a doty to show moroEeal 
than ordinaiy io -the knowledge <^ Qod, whom we onght to &ar, 
reireraniK, and avoid o£buding, beaanse .he ean .call ns'.to judgment^ 
jea rather, that we Bhould love trad sotve iim, for, hie innomeraW 
benefits beatuwed upon ns. While 6tban again, porsue a conrM 
of secret sin withsnb control, bat Am an openly winked life ont 
«f &ar and leTerence. But Ohrict, with his name and meritelB is 
tH this unkncim, so that to be feared that many woold linger 
'VSt whole yean unAaut anee naming Jeaua, were they notahoeksd 
'with some audd^i.ani^idfie. ar some yaia. 

It b highly neewaary that we. should 1^ tiiis ma^acttdoi^ly to 
heart, and make it oar earnest business to know Christ — ^.in hie 
pa-trm, qj^eei, aoAjitaiea, and not only to fbel the power thereof 
onrBelyes, but confess: him ba&re every body, and let sijp no oppor- 
tunity of imparting the latowledge of his Base to others. This is 
1ihe ohief bnsinesB of all thewitaeasesof Jaausi — that having onoe 
^nown and espcdieiiced his ^aoe, they .should eridenlly set him 
forth as the Bavior of tli£ world i and paxfienlady to the.cbristiane 
so oalled ! (see Oal. iii. li) 

Itisnotnaeessairy toebntrine, ao.nncfa (BS-pe<^ada) howto 
avdidan, and lead » godly life, bntitiBnaoaasaTytolearo tokngw 
Jesus as our Savior, the rest (the godly life) willifbUow Of oonne, 
«fter thaSon.haeiiiadflKB&ee,-(ire«uUbeifi'eeindQed. Jobnyt36J 
^d aloBo mn delj^nr ns &^tii aa. ^(e. Alone «an .tdiavn. AU 
dmman mease iallffiu too .dntr^fiMingdhe >!>&« fnun the«vil 
of hi»iaU6n nfttora^) Kge.mdiKit.idaiyidkt.Me affll-lwro iod, 
41 jD)m.i.-8.) MiddW.wec«nm ctik>>Ao.§iiwe<with.uB;.aa.ttitk 
the^^mrtle, ^<^e.b0^.ia'<bafbbeeMa»iif^Rit^" (Aiw>s.-mD..144 

Atan is infected with the motfw 9mi-pcmm-i)lm^^ii^hm*^tiaie^ 


fttr lAiA JB ils ftmentotioB in the-ci«T«,diit Aw our ^Tiorimj 
faise it & ^oriom body. Bnt thonslb ve ony this body of deata 
Rtill about ufl, yet in die Dhildren of Qod, mn is to be looked iqioB 

tB a fauiiflhodf oni^fledt and oondftmnod tbinir i Ju a malefactor and 
priaoner, who dare not Ijil hia head and donuaeer again. The old 
man has had aentenoe paued npon him by Christ. He bIu^ be 
annihilated. (Rtnu-vi.) 

" Jfbr Ait pmpote Ae Son of God wom mani/etUd, Aathemigkt 
^n&wjr the worla of Ae devil." (1 John ill. 8.) That he might cUs- 
•cdve, and tear the eyatem of ain to ptecea ; so that in the nuthM, 
Inat oonnot be oonoeiTed, nor sin bring forth death. (Jas. i. 15, 
Hatt. T. 28.) Heace, ^e faithful b^ever need not bo much - as 
ffve ear to ain, mneh leas, enter into any Btmsgle with it. Since 
Uie solemn divorce between the aool and her old hosband thiongfa 
the body of Christ ia ratified ; the old man muit abandon her, tor 
the BOol now cleaves to her right and lawful husband. She brings 
forth &iut to ererlaating life. She Is never willing— she has no 
deaiia to serve ran any more. 

This freedom is to be looked npon as a prinl^ which btiogs ns 
happineaa. But it is not antecedent to grace, (much leas, to be val- 
ued above grace) — grace mn^ be present. The sinuer reodves the 
remissitm of raua, as an ungodly person, and then the privilege fol- 
lows, that he ia no more obliged to sin, and dare be noly. This 
renuedon of nn is obtained ^ failh m Ae name of tie tmly-hego^ 
ton Son. of God, without whom there ia ndther grace, nor Ufa, not 
remitnon. Hence, our faith must stand fast upon the merit of our 
Savior, who gave himself for na, that he might redeem us from all 
iniqui^, a&d parity unto himself a peculiar people, sealoua of good 

It is neceaaaiy, in hearing any disooarae whatever, that the four 
followi ng queationa dionld occupy the mind : 

lat. Wlut is the aenee and meaning of the word 1 How is it to 
be understood f Wherefore the meanmg of the subject should be 
amply declared, witiiont any ambignity ; that every one may pres- 
oitjy appiehead ik^pu/rport and drifi of it. 

2d, la the word well grounded ? Does it agree with Scripture f 
For without the Scripture, we should ndther think nor speak upon 
ntiritnal subjects. And if the proposition is founded in bmlh, Oien 
we third qoestiou is — 

3d. Am I so 7 (guided by the word of Qod f) Have I experien> 
«ed this? (salvation throng GhiisbF) And then follows — 

4th. Howahallloometo theknowledoeandpraotioeof itf (the 
tntb ngai^ng salvation, as it is finindea upon Christ Jesus.)* 

All tfia must be oboarTgd also in the doctrine of Jesus Christ; 
— it must be ^mdenloodf ammdend, mmgla afier, tmd fbttnd ota. 

* lltwvrdtnpareUlMiMaitrarinn. 


Wlwluit,dNn(bn»ti>|Mli!W»lMJwiM>u the e»imtr Hm 
to know, and be divmtfy totwiKed ef,4kU (nK&, Aat im», (tn Ae 
/vilntu of futte,) oicMtf aewpifem iofifimd yean ago^* Jenu, on 
exlraordma»y man, tmaartd w^tw world ; .lAof mi mane JemUr 
vat at trvlji OoD at Se muSte.Mon qf Jfim ; thai M, m Uieprtf- 
mce and t^ht of a nwUi^mte of people, Jews and &aAea, died 
Jbr V* men upon the eism; Aa< Ae tugerei all ihu boA to atone fat 
om- tint, otM to ncpwale HI to God, and alto puUdqwn andde- 
ttroy Aepoteer and tyttem of «m upon th* croat, — to extirpate itt 
granny and dominion from Ae faoe of Ae earn, and to malce it 
« tlave for ever." 

The following letter of the Rev. P. Latrobe to his children, 
written at eea during a voyage to the Gape of Good Hope, in 1815, 
will no doabt be truly aooeptable to the readers of the Miaoellany. 

Hy Dear Agne?, 

Among the precioca gifta wUoh it Eaa {deaaad God to bestow 
spoQ his crea^ire man, and even to leave him in poasesaton of, 
after he had forfeited, by i£sobedience, all claim to his &vor, I oon- 
wder mwtie- aa one of tlie moat important and ralnable, both as to 
its natore, its eSecta, its use, and its eteroid duration. To those 
whose ignotance, conceit, want of feeling or prejndioe makes tJiem 
disposed Co oontradiot me, I have aa littk to say, as I shoold have 
to say to a man, who would assert the nseleasaeas of hearing, be^ 
•ause he was bom deaf.f 

I am thankful that all my children have mmioal souls. They 
have not only what is generally termed a taste for mumo, but tbey 
feet Bometliing of the secret utd mysterious power which it pos- 

ttw daioUoni tf Ua pMoU. Tht MaUnuala upnMMl, and tha iicliiiiiiilH laid dsra, u< 
IbOH of • IrilDW^BrFUit. wfca «u timlimKittj ■ muter of tin mUnt Jl W M W d, Hid It li 
bcUtT«l,UuttlHru*n(liM»Ulirtud tttdonbl* tMtofTHBmndaqmam. Of 
tluii truth uid taaotkaaat tka Millior mi bwradBctT uuiw limd. H b* upninliad tli* 

latHiHintvttadtbwatMrtidUn. iBmnuftnf l^rim OBltoinQM «f fiekMar 
imIk inrta, itiiBi irtiMi le»«af MtTMaitr tela* too ■trttf'' ' " "*-' 

111 ■" ■ 111 iim iirtiiiiiimiiiiHiiitj iiiiiniiirii r 

.... IT Jill »iii III rTiiiiiii !■■ ttil« iniliit tii|»t iMit WW TTln n intrY* rif 

B,djiM<AlM<BHV*MH^BtuirTbMrtidtbMi h -'-"~-— ~ " 

-ad h^ that thH will hod ton ■ ■" — ' 

■Bdti^atlBttliHwiirindtoHRMtllut wmHtad, dl^OM nHiIod, wbMi da^ 
■lBiirt«nnt^oa(>ullrInM«B*lalidw«h. M ruBT wnp te Of raor Ood i^ 
MfHn. Id(>BMkM«tb*tlU«rHtWlail9V|iUHlo7D^ liatirttdNfilatfea aimg« 

^^ ^.. ... .. — f:r...rrx. = — ...i_r v»»*»"di*»S»tMw«w 


Ae iM^iwtml ^ of in^, ft|ii-iHB&k bU^!ai^ AMtrdeMHbt. 

Aew iiiftnfieM, if at-^ KtteiiM to, ttA^ilUA dbOiiiig bat total 
■effect ata Vtailt of mpf^ert. Stane ««ll4M«d^ ^ple kdwtt- 
tbe fowet ofaraAoto be' extmndilkarr, bMott ttat ^17- lioooaitt 
illenl it, tiid^ Me^ &fr b&d ttn made of H l^lttfr «ril Bfiiritof 
the wnrid, wotald erclude tbaicfiont tinte'i^ of QoA wKieb 
mq^t to b» afflsnd 141 wltUn na, snd riiM^tol ud ttti«oMdiirflli 
bmnble gnrtSKle to the sir-wne snA IkmiitJAtl Gi^r. T^t tbey 
are misui^eit) I need not tell jum, wbo kuo v tW, it^tftever'mi^lM 
Ihe ftbtue ofithis nobie and heavradj science anong a crooked, per- 
vene, xai ungodly generation, in wMcb it ObIj ahaies the &te of 
every other good jp^ ito efiect npon tbe mind and heart may, under 
the guidance of God and his Spmt, be tmlyTTofitabk in adTaucing . 
' our beat int^rest^. 

It is not my' intentioD to disonss here tike nature of tlie sciecMr- 
bnt as I wished to express m; tliankfalneas to Hinv, from irhom I. 
have received so many toteng of undeserved favoi, by recording: 
•ome facts, whieb will show what means He was gracioasly pleased 
to employ to draw me to himself, I address this letter to my dear 
daughter Agnc^ in whom I- have perceived a more tlias ordinary 
Huscoptibility in- feeling and enjoying, the exquisite pleasure convey-- 
od by musical combinations, hoping, that as mum waS one of those 
means alluded' to, whereby her fa^er was made attentive to his- 
gpvitual conaems, t&o same may be the case walh her, aa with 
et^ry one of bia children, who are bleaeed with the posseaaion of 
th9 same talettt. 

I will prooeed to relate to ybli as well is toy, reeolleetidn will 
allow, in what way the gift of a msaicat eonl proved to me a vpix- 
itoal benefit. 

Vmmmy earliest inftwy, every k&d of itnikieal Bonn dimmed! - 
ately attraeted ray a tte nt ion j In-we lnw aeand p^, it wotild etop 
my crying, and overpowftr even the feelings of anguish in teething; 
aiKl I wu very glad to ptreeive, that in a greater or leas degree, 
the effect of ransic wa» the aaine in all tny children. I heard no 
ulty or profaot-dittiesf hut the hymn>tunes and anihems of onr' 
Church, euog in I'Sitneck chapel, sunk with their eolemn chords- 
into my aonl. All tonsieal comHnafions of sotrad delighted me,, 
but paracedaily those called chromatic, and they were intended to 
be the veMcIe not of iiitellectnal pleaanie only, bat abio of a divine 

Whta I was about nx years old, aa I goew ^am the seat I was- 
' tlleDM>ecllpylng, durliig thle re&ding. of one of the: kaaons iO'^tbc' 


TO me CBILDRKN. ' 347 

'PaHdan-Week, I heard the late Hr. Worthingtoo ;and othftrt siug 
tb&t Hymn : 

" that to this hearenly etmnger, - 
I had here my liom^e paid, etc." i 

The old tranalaillon was :— 

" O tliat I had that greatest blessing. 
To be near him constantly, etc." 

What I then felt I cannot express in words. Even now, half a 
centory after, I have a faint repetition of that sengatiou, wlienever 
I bear that anthem, nay even while I am writing this, in the midet 
of the Atlantic Ocean. While the sweet and plaiutiTe strains in 
that devotional composition occnpied all my attention, I was most 
powerfiilly struck and affected by the sentiment conveyed by them 
to my heart, and overcome with love to that Savior, who had suf- 
fered BO much for me. I formed, as well as I coold at that time, a 
resolution to give my heart to him, and live alone to him in the 
world. I certainly should have been at a great loss to have descri- 
bed tiiB nature of my feelings, and the purpose of my soul, but it 
was a genuine work of Clod's Spirit, and whenever anytlking in 
music brought that ait and its words into my mind, my eyes were 
. filled with tears, and my heart drawn towards onr Savior, 

In 1771, I went to Germany. The academy at Niesky was at 
that time a good school for muHic, and the works of some great 
masters were often performed, and helped to form the tast« of those, 
who loved that science. We had threa exercise-concerts in a week, 
and any boy, having an inclination to leam some musical instm- 
ment, had only to ajnily to our venerable Inspector Zembsch, and 
he was soon admitted into one of the musie-sohools. 

I had already at Pulneck, been occasionaUy employed to play 
the organ at the chapel, and was eager to improve in that art at 
Niesky, for which there was very good opportunity. In due time, 
I was allowed to take my turn in playing in the children'smeetings. 
In general, it cast mo no trouble to get any tune by heart amr 
hearing it sung four or five times, and I hardly remember ever 
learning to play a tune by the tune-book. There was one, however, 
which I could not remember, but always made some blander in 
playing it. It was a yerj plain, easy tunc, and loonldnot conceive 
what possessed me, that I was unable to play that as well as others. 
I must confess, that at the time, it was tne music alone that engag- 
ed my att«ntt<n ; as to the words, I troubled myself very littlo 
about them. One of my fellow-stndents, Jsescnke, afterwards 
orgraist at Hemhnt, to whom I complained of the difficnity of 
learning that particular tune, advised me first to learn the words . 
ot die Itjinn, OBSvriBg m^ that by so ddng, the moffie vovld 

plftjing it. t followed h< 

. ThunU 

widitbe lesponsi — 

TbeM vemsB were f 
to impresi ^e woida • 
Bnt oBce, vim I WW 
dxaAy roused friHH m 
it ia Bot my intentio 
enjoy the pleuofefl • 
as if aiHue one said t 
'Riis led ne into ft 
emag fiw meroy ; 
with a heart lifted 
me im oira. To 
att^idiag the ex) 
onr Bavior iu Has 
a nmilar kind, w 

Tke laany ant 
other oooMOons, 
especially .some 
attended the lit 
ly led to Berion 
UBted, by the ' 
is daiysof ere 

In 1775, 1 
the fint time 
general little 

waiting for 
blood of J 
ehowiag f( 
knew i^e 
worthy cd 
God on e 
(^ all ^ 


n^tlP^ of lU my iR^t«de, ^i i flj W i gPi .4#4 laript^iM ta lof 
spirit, with & cMnpnnatioii whi^ *e<»inp<iM»4 atp >b M«nt fer & 
long time aft^. Aad «)mii, »t tl^e (w^aolusian of that aerricc, the 
eenpogiUiaB roff , utd.iiitb mtitml voiees swig tbikt hjnui, 

"Pw^biBgi^eQtoQbiis^oiirfoiLlA'.lwlaTcd," etc. 

.tbe effect OB »e W48 ««cbr-t!lut I thov^bttn^Brif traiup<)rt«d among 
the BaiDts in bliss, jotnisg in the gong d the. redeem^. Then, oB 
though TetBembeni^ tiM ve weKebull, on earth, the minister added, 
and tlte oeDgregatioB ipa -...-• . - 

verse in oa^ at tW perioc 

" Now seal nte Thine/— «nd be ThoB miBe, 
lliat povght OD ettrUi me ever 
Fren toy ocwupimicHi sever !" 

The organ was plaj«d b; my deu friend Verbeek, with snch in- 
comiMtnible umi^ieity and att^tioD to the eulyeot, that it was as 
if ho had the art of pn^'^'ng even inauimatQ matter speak the los- 
goage of devotirai. X humj knew my way out of the^apel, and 
if, in the midst of other oeeupatioBB, or even in times of levity and 
folly, any muaieaJ sbrain Iwought to my reoolleetion diat tune and 
hymn : " Now seal me Thine," I was instantly correeted and 
brought to my sensee. Don't say that it was merely the power of 
a vivid ima^natioa. I gront that Bomethiag ^lay be attributed to 
that influence, bat eves mat is under IKviue gnidauee, and may be 
made, by the operation of the Holy Spirit, the ebannel of blessifig, 
and the means of real aad genuine good, 

I have been led into a more particular account of that event, as 
havujg baeo the b^inniog of a n«w period in uy spiritual course. 
This world lost put of its hold upon me ; I had tasted Botnething 
of the powera of the world to eomt, besidee the sweets of a prepa- 
ration for it here on earth. 

In 1776, I went to the seminary or college of our Church ,gt 
Barby. Music remained a favorite amusement, and I bad much 
more opportunity for in^rovemeut in it then I made good use of; 
being encounged by those esoelleut men, Gxegor, Iioi:etE, Verbeek, 
and otbers of my superiors. I believe I may say wiih truth, that 
it k^t me and otkan owt nt m&eh mischief, and fi-om spendhig 
much of our leisure time in idleness and fblly. This is not the 
place to eoler jxptm a disserta^n on its lu^fiilucss, in furnishing a 
rational relief to young people both for mind and body, and filling 
t^ tbeir Taetat lumia mth pleasui« aad profit to ibemselves, an'' 
tfadr imghb«n ; <4benriM it wenld not be ^iGanlt ■to shov 
propriety of encouraging the exerdse of this d^^tfiil f 
proper lestrictioasj ui til our institntioni. Thv *'* 


^6i 'LSmE-lSOU BK.C t. UTBOn, 

^leeton of om* Mminariei bnye ilwaTB paid attention to it, irlit^ 
"M- dier were thenudves mnnc^ or not. 

At Bsrby I fpent aome <rf the most nnlMippj, u well aa Boroe of 
the tuj^eflt portioni of my life ; bnt ihe Lord followed me vitk. 
'imwearied paiiance and forbeaiance, and agun made mnric a meana 
XiC often calling me back from patka of enw, in which I had 
strayed.* Yarioos inatancea, dmilar to those already qnoted, might 
Iw aJddnced, bnt I sbonld eoon become too prelix, weie I to endea- 
'^or to fomish a more detailed account of them. 

Aa it had pleaaed God to give me a genioa for mnne, I leamt 
irith great &cilitf , to play suoh iuBtrnmenta as w<h« wsntinf tA 
make onr little band more complete. The organ and pianoiorte 
'Occupied most of my attention, and I wss fond of playing' the for- 
mer at chnrch. Bnt onr taate at that time was bad. The noble 
simplicity of our church-music and hymn-tones was lost in flonrieb- 
es and iit-placed decorations, and deformed by long strag^ing inter* 
Indee. Little attention was paid to that agreement between music 
and words, by which they are made to speak the same language, 
and to convey, each, in their degree, the same feeling to the mind. 
Frequent complaints were made by the worthy and venerable fitlJi- 
«ita of our Church, who then resided in the castle at Biu-by, and 
felt themeeWee distorbed by the thoughtless manner of playing the 
ot^an. But these were not heeded, being rather considered as & 
proof, that the eomplainauta wanted skill to appreciate the value of 
the artful and ornamental musical drapery, with which we clothed 
tunefl, otherwise, in our omnion, too dull and monotonons. 

No one felt more keenly, and more justly, the absurdity and 
hortfolness of our manner, than that excellent man, the late Bish- 
op Spangenberg.'t' After ranch gentle and fniitiess remonstrance, 

* The author here allndet neither ta enon In doctrine nor to immorali^ 
in practice, from both of whicb he wia gruionaly ptEMmd, bat isther to 
■pirilual iDdiflereace, worldliaew of mind, and neglect of leriauB and profi- 
table (tudy. 

X Thii eminent man, the early friend and faitbfol coadjutor* of Count 
Zinzendorf — whoM biographer he eTentoally became — waa yet more distii)- 
gniihed by hie labors and eadursQcee as a aervant of Christ, than by hU 
writing*, valuable and uaefiil aa theae have proved. With the early hiet^ny 
' of the Bt«thren'* Charch, and iti miauona among the he^hen, his name is 
inaeparsbly eonnect«d. Of his Tarioua published worlu, the " Idea fidw 
fratrum," or >< Eiyvsilion of Christian doctrine," is moat ellensively known, 
haiilig been tiwujaled into the English, Dutdi. French and other luiguages. 
After a careful pepual of ila contents by the venerable John Newton, it waa 
pronounced by Mm to be the best syslem of Divinity with whidi he waa 
acquainted. beicanM the simpleal, least technical, and most scriptural. A 
nefale simplid^ was indeed the leading featDrs of tiie authei'* character; 
■ad to this may daoblless be attributed in a great measure, his ability to act 
the part of ceaasr and instnictor, even in reterence to a comparatively un- 
known art, of which the circumstancs here uarraled, aSiicds so striking an^ 
tnt«KMinga preol 


Scat'IengSi tut npotf ^ ezjȣeilt,' wtiol; BtfeaaV, ib a, iegrecr 
, aaaweceil Bis psraose, ud for whial) I feel gnt«fd at ihia oionleBt. 
I waa only one of eight at'odentsr (if ^ remember light) lihO' foCk 
iEeir turn by weeks to.'pla-y tiie orgak at Chapel. B!& tLoughtr 
EowcTer, he had eome cklm upon me, on aecountof the great. love 
and Mendship which sHhsiated between him and my grandfather- 
Antea^* in K'ortb America, and my owb father. I experienced, im. 
many oceaaione, Sie henefii o£ it, for he favored toe with very paV- 
tiGiikF attention, and ofles gave mo tie best and truly paternal 
advice. He tbeught, thetefbre, thaC he had a right to expeet 
BOmethiBfl; mote &om me tSai horn ethers ; aad once on a Com- 
muiiion-4^y, ae:M^ for me after dinnet to the castle. f I was not a 
little alarmed on recei-riug the message, fearing that some con^laint 
migtthave bee» lodged against me,, which might ssbject me either- 
to a reprimaod from the veaerable Bishop, or ew» to anapension* 
or exclusion fnna the CosLmunioO' I therefore entered hin apart- 
ment with fear and Ambling, but was soon reiibved by the kind 
and afTectionate manner i» which I was addreased. He asked me 
if I would take coffee with him ; and, as booD' as it was brought, 
be^in to make mqwry^bout my atn^ea, my babita, my mode of 
life, making his remarks upon every part of my honest report and 
confeaaion, with the most eagagiing liberality and candor. After" 
this converaatioi bad lasted some tiine, he announced that subject 
eloBed> but thut'he had still another object, in desiring to see me 
that aft«moea. My mind was prepared to receive with humility 
what«rer he nueht propose, and lue words wove to the following 
effbct : — "For this long time past, I have beem filled with concern. 
Mid even ptun^ when I r^ected how Uie most beaatiful put of our- 
worship is rendered unpleasant te me and others, by the manner of 
my brethren in playing the oi%an. They seem not to have duly, 
considered the importance of that species of service, eapeoially in & 
living Cbnrcb of Christ. I Wilt not charge you or them with levity 
or indifference, for I oonceiTe the fault to origmate more in thougbt- 
leaaness, th^ in. » total disregard to the subject of the hymn, on 
the feelings of the congregation ; but it has beoome such a burden- 
to me, that I cannot help feeling rather iiidignant, especially as 

* Henry Antes, a knd proprictar and lUBgiBlrats, of Fnedericks county in- 
Marjluid, wu aniaRg fhe esTfJaat ttiebllt of the Brftthren in that state,. 
<uid sDUeqaentlr ■[»mt«Bine* member of thetp •korch. One of bis ilaugh- 
' ten, Anna MarfatM, becnse tb« wife of lh« R*t. Benjamin La Ttvbe, end 
WBi the noth«r of As mfar of tbeas icltem SU son John wtu tt Munon- 
aij for twelve vearr hi Eg^pt. ea- nhicli coiMtry he piblidied a cema of 
" ObBerratiuii in a work sraall in size, but valaabte in matter, according to- 
the leiMiMRi; of tfa* late Dr. B. D.rOlsili^ ef Cambride:e. 

t The praetko'-of ccMnting thi Loid'i Sapper montfa]}', on the evening . 
«f the ancient Sabtwth, or the ere of the Lord's day wai fonnerly nearly 
mtivMial IB tbo Ctiundi.«f the Brediren, aad alill prevaili in tbeiiucontiBai^' 


S9S iinm imh ■■▼. a i. u imn^ 

•ome oonTemtion I had with joar leader, prodiwed nO impntdaa 
or effeet wh«teTer. I haTe thu day been denred to offiuate at die 
Holj Communion, but hbd almost declined it, for fear that dw 
•ommon way of playing ttiG orgMt might agun bo moofa diatnrb> 
my mind, that I ehonld become nnfit for bo solemn a Berrioe, and 
be interrupted in my enjoyment by a distracted attention. 

All at once the fhondtt struck me, I will send for my dear frienA 
La Trobcr and speak with bim aboat it. Perhaps he will not de»- 
|nse the remarks of an old m&n, who indeed understands nothing 
at all of music, and caDnot point oat the nature of tlie grierance, 
but yet thinks that be has a just sense of what is proper and ooD- 
■istent in performing a service in the howie of God, wAu:b may 
either contribute to edification, or create ^reat distuTbance in tbe- 
minds of the congregation. Perhaps he will feel disposed, if not 
from a conviction of his mind, yet out of regard to an old friend' 
of his grandfather, father, and himself, to humor him for oice, and 
to play in such a manner as will please him. Now, do you thinSr 
my dear brolher, that joa can bring yourself to omit for my sake^ 
what yon may consider very fine, and condescend to play a simple 
tune, unadorned with so many additional notes and flonnehes, and 
though you should even not like it yoirfself, submit, for friend- 
■hip's sake, to humor my weakness. Yes, I am confident jon will;, 
and do pray our Savior, that he may give you e^-aoe to do it in ft 
manner well-pleasing to Him, and editing to His people." 

I heard this affectionate address with an impression, which cob' 
vinced me of the truth of his remarks, and moved me even to tearsr 
and I promised him, that the next time it was my turn to play fbr 
him, I would endeavor to gratify bim as ftr as possible, but that 
it was N. N's turn to-day. " No," SMd be, "you shall play for 
me to-day. It was on that ponditioo, tliat I consented to preside 
at the conununion, and I will send an apology to the proper crgan- 
ist." He added, as I was leaving the room, "WeU, my dear 
brother, if, after having' acceeded to my request this once, yon are 
really of opinion that I have erred is thus endeavoring to make a 
revolntion m the manner of playing the organ, I will say no more;, 
but shall be than&ful, for your compliance with my wishes on tbis- 

The business was settled, and I took the organ. Z prayed tbe 
Lord, that he would grant me to act herein also, as Is well-pleaEdag 
to him ; and was happy to hear afWwards from my highly-venerS' 
ted adviser, that he ^lly ^proved of the simple and artless man- 
ner I had adoptedf m accflo^nnving the beaudful bymns he bad 
chosen for' this solemnity.* 

* In the BrefhTeii^* ChuTch, the farra jnucribrd for the Bdmiiiutiatian of 
tlie Lord'i Supper i«»f the limptest kmrf. The Mnice 1> eminently Ktnrgt- 
oal end •□(^■liatie ; nd, to reiuler it u ftr u ponible, (u the neme eeenie 
*• imply) Bi Holy OoDunnnian at eentiment, of fe^ng and of etperience, 
«i w«ll u of the ncTuaantal enjoyineat of the body end blood of Chiiet, a- 
aeriMof b;imie,niit«dt»tlwMC»«i«R,CMWtitDtM u iat«snl portion of tl.. 



little £d the Tenersble Bishop gnppose, that on that occasion, 
lie was reading a lecture epon CIiUToh-mnac, wliich would prodaofi 
more real una abiding b^efit to his andit«r, than moat of the 
leumed and elaborate diaeertations upon counterpoint have ever 
done. He did, indeed, bring abont i. reformation, the good effeoti 
of which were enjoyed for many years. As for me, I was so fully 
oonvinced, by the experiment itself, of t^e superior effect of true 
nmplioity in acoompanying hymn-tunes, and Buffering the beautiful 
eombinadons and transidoas, with wbioh many of them abound, 
to present themselres in their native grandeur, ^vested of the bar- 
Uquin drees by which many organists are apt to cover and disgrace 
them, that from that day I changed my whole style of playing. I 
had my reward, in being hontved with freou^t mesBages from the 
Bishop to play the organ when ha officiated, which, though it nat- 
tually excited a little envy, was In general submitted to. Others 
also adopted a plainer style, to the satisfaction of their hearers. 
Bat the most essential benefit I derived from this circnmetauce 
was, that it led me to consider the services of an organist in a liv- 
ing congregation of Jesus in a new light, and taught me to pray, 
that,' as far ag I was engaged in it, I might serve Him acceptably, 
and not disturb, but rather further the devotion of the oongregation- 
When I afierwarde became a tutor in the academy at Niesky, I had 
the satisfactioB of training eight organista among the young stu- 
dents, into whose iftnds I endeavor^ to instil the principles and 
precepts I had been taught by Bishop Spangenberg. Thug, as I 
observed above, the good effects of his lecture on Church-music, 
delivered tiiat day, have been felt and spread abroad in various 

Yon will be tired with the length of this letter, and so am I. I 
will therefore come to a conclusion, and only add one word more, 
by way of friendly exhortation. Whenever you employ your voice 
on earth, remember, that it is soon to be employed in heaven, in 
singing the song of the redeemed; and that your musical talent 
was given yon, that yon might in this state of trid and prepara- 
ration have, for yoor encouragement, the means of enjoying a fore- 
taste of that eternal bliss, wherein your occupation will be a per- 
{wtiial expression of gratitude to Him, "who has loved you, and 
washed you from your sins in hia own blood." Under this impres- 
Moo, von will be tempted to use it for no other purpose than for 
the glmy of our Sanor. 

I am, my dear Agnes, 

Tour meet affectionate father, 

C. L La Tsobi. 



1, Onr bratbron T»gn and S^ew^e in flieir la^ leHerg heim. 
Australia, written about the middle of Januajy, stntet^t-tlie ovil- 
-di^Kiaed col onits still endeavor to prerent tke Dabn PftpoB frtnn 
li&ving intercoune with the miaaicBuieB, and duit lib&f bodi had 
ixen sufiering with an affisction of the eyes pecnlixr to diat eons- 
try : but they confidently relied «poa the Lord for fnrtker help. 

2, St. Wullsohlegel in FanMarbo informfi us, ^t (m the 7& 
of April laat, the married aister Sophia Henrietta Daehrm&n died 
of a consomptiTe complaint, in the 49th year of bet wa 

The bm. Stance and Theodore GraoE, with their wives, arrived 

' at Paramaribo on the 2d of June ; haTing made a piospening yo^ 

age, although they at one time enconntered « tarrifiothoadecstorm, 

during which 4he lightning strnok into the sea otosa beside their 


The widowed sr. Yoigt landed in IQeaw^idiep on the fi4lh of 

3, On the 2Sd of April the oonm^^tona of a new dnmh »&b 
lud in Friodensfeld, Santa Cwaz. 

Bt. Hffiuser reports, from Baasateme, St. Kitts, that a retyhioi- 
«ed celebration of the Passion week was hekH^eee; all the-meet- 
3nge having been very numerously attended. Br. and sr. Mnsnzer 
arrived at that island ^m Barbadoes on the 13th of April, and 
■were to take obarge of the congregation at Bethel. 

Br. and sr. Bodham reached Barbadoes again in «afety, after a 
Te^ qniek passage of only 24 days. 

Br. and sr. Heath and the widowed sc Spenoe, wko left Jamuoa 
with a company of «tiildTen under their eare, reached £ioirion~m 
good health, on the ^th of May. 

4, The single br. Jens ^ul Juergensen, whohaereoeiveiila <d 
-to the misfflon in Mosquida, was uiaited in marriage to the single 
sr. Ingeborg Mary Christine Boost, at Chiistiaiisfdd, oa the 2i£k 
of May ; and on the ITth of June br. aadw. Jne^nsai, in oem- 
pany with sr. Antonio Glceokler, who has ^Iso been «41ed-to th$ 
-same miemon field, set sail from London. 

5, Ordination to the t^s«opal office in t^e StethroH's ^huMh 
vas conferred upou br. John Ohristiaa Brentel, previojis 1p his 
departure for South Africa, as also apcn br. Hea^ Theodore Dober, 
-congregadon-helper and auoistw in iHeuwied. Both ordinafiona 
were performed at Herrahut on the 26th of June, by br. ChristiaB 
William Matthiesen, aaaiBted by the bm. Peter IVederick Cdrie 
■and John Christian Bechler. 

Od the 10th of July hrofherrPranois Emil Seidel, Warden of 
itbe congregation at Herrnhut;, together with .the brethren EdwarA 


J^^elland AngngtoB William Hmde, vliohaTO>l>e«DO&Uedto«nii' 
menoe a mission in Mongolia, were otduned deacons of the SMth-; ■ 
aea's Church by br. Breatel. 

6, On the 12tiiof July, the G. E. C. 'took leave of br.andsr. 
Breutel, who then set oat for England on their way to the Cape of 
4>ood Hope. (The missioaariea Pagell and Heide havins received ' 
infitructjone iiaai the U. E. C Telative to tbeir call to Mougolia, 
and been commeuded to the core and guidance of the Lord, lilte- , 
wise left, on the day foliomng, for EngUmd ; whence they espect 
to sail in company with the juiBsioaary Rebsch, who is in the ser- 
vice of the eaglish episcwpal missionary Society. The bm. P. and , 
H. will endeavor to reooh the borders of Hougolia by the way of- 
^e East Indies, confidently hoping that the Locd will then open a 
road for their funther progress. Our congregationa will assuredly , 
rem«uber these dear hrethren before the Lord, whilst they are 
travelling to that distant and untried ^li of tbeir future labors. 

7, Br. and sr. Luttringshauser, br. and .sr. Schopraan, and die . 
widowed sr. Teutsch, misHonaries from South Alrica, having in 
charge a company of children for the schools in Kleinwelke, arrived, . 
after a'voyage of ten weeks, all in safety at Bottordam on the 4th 
of July, and proceeded directly on to Zeist. 

The single br. William Bauer, who has been called ^m the post 
of Warden's as^tant in Neusalz to the mission in South Africa, - 
left for Altona, there to take ship for the Capo of Good Hope. 
. Jn a letter dated Quadenthal, May 12th, br. Kcelbiug communi- ' 
«ates the fallowing intelUgeace conceming Shiloh : The solemn . 
meetings of the Passion Week and of Eaater,'as also the celebra- 
tion of the Lord's Supper on Maundy Thursday, were attended: 
with great blessing. On Sundays the School house in which th« . 
meetings are kept is so orowded, that a more spacious locality is 
truly desirable. Many of the Hottentots who formerly belonged 
to this congregation now appear to be really penitent, complaining- 
that they have no peace of mind because they have forsaken Jesas.. 

8, The Harmony lefl^.London for Greenlaod and Labrador on 
Ibe 11th of June. 

A letter from br. Valentine MneUer of Licbtenan, dated March, 
Slat, has jnst come to hand, brinjong the first .intelligence tint 
year lec^ved from Greenland. Tbe Oreenlanders, aa also .onr- 
JiKfopean brethren asd sistera, eqjoyed good health. The winter 
bad been mild, with aoaroely any snow ; and. thus the Greenlandem. 
were, enabled to procnie tbe meaue of anbdatence, without interf- 
roplion. Many leddente at the ont-plaoes oame. in to celebrate the 
Euter-feslival, which oauaed the.tewn to aeeome a right lively 
^^)earanoe. They seemed to be prepared for receiving the wra^ ot 
life, and attended dihgently upon the aovioea of the Ghprob- — lAst, 
anttimn our brethnen viuted all those at the out-plaow.aa fa^ aa it 
wu poaatUe to do so ; and the natiya MfutAuta aid th^fMoe dwy ■ 

of Ma»h was (tiadtmiAtd m » da.j of pftrtienlas blesuug by tW 
•on&Duttioii of une nopefhl yomig poTMiu. 

9, Tlw ringle br. Thec^liti Etuaiind lUiUaKl, utaBtantiiiiaat«r 
of ^ oongrtgation in Heirabnt, voa married at tbat jdue oo the' ' 
Std of May, to the eingle sr. Louisa Eleonora Terbeek. 

Br. and ht. David Craiu arrived at Kcenigefeld on the 22d of 
Hn, and on the foUoiring da; were introduced to the oongrentioa. 

&. £li>abetfa Lemmen having wished to resign har office <tf 
Laboreaa of the sinele sisters' choir in Berlin, ttiat she might bn 
able to devote herself entirely to the instruction of the school fra* 
riria, whioh is under her charge, and which is continnally growing 
im mnnberB, sr. Amelia Wilhelniina Garve of Gnadenfrey h^ beat' 
e^led to tiie saperintendenee of the eingle sisters' choir. 

Br. Henry Theodore Verbeek, teacher in the ptedago^nm at' 
Niaky, has received a call as ^anstanrt to ^e inspector of the boy^ 
■Abol at Neuwied ; and br. John RsiUard, teaclierin the Unity's 
Mhools at maky has been called to act as home-nuuioDaiy in Neo- 

The bm. Lewis tob Bnelow and'Louii Eneqiuat, teachers' in Hn 
•ehool at Lansanne, have been appointed to other plMee — the foriber 
ii to beeometeadwriBQnoduUj.and the latter id the pcbdagopoiD 
at Nisky. 

lOf The Ananal ministenT conierenoe at Hern^nt, held on ths' 
SAtii of Mayy was attended by axty-«ix ministlers and infltmctois 
at youths 

11, On theSth'of Jolythen^gfaborhoodof GnadauandDoeben,' 
M ahio the plain of Great Henneradorf, -was visited with a tremea- 
doitt hail-atortuj that laid many fields waste, and broke many panea' 
of k'^ss. The windows of the nieeting^hall at Gnadan were great- 
ly dunked. Oa the day after, tbe «ongregatioa returned thimks 
«t' the Lord for having softrea no liveB to be lost, and no bodily 
u^flriee te be sustained. 

' 12, The laboreis «f the widows' eboir i& Fnlneck, sr. Susannah 
Taylor, has requested to be lelicved from her o^te, in conseqnenoa 

16,' Br. Klng«, having entrasted tJte a&irs of tbe Unity's AA- 
nrfnistration in Salem to the eare of bis saeceesor, br. Emil A. nm 
SA'weJnhE, left Salem with biji^&mily on tbe 21st of April, anS 
MVived in Bethteheui on the 6tfa of Ma^. Though somewhat im> 
p»ded in tbe ezeontioB of his j^Mn by illnefls is his funily, hey 
aeVertheless, enon aftO' prooeeded en his tonr of visitation tbiini|[^ 
thb wtatnm coB^egMdonft (Bf . &. bavtng Moomplished his m»^ 
iteA' tofih^ West; ^ again 'reCarfiAd to BelUebent, where, we aro 
Mn^to'Bay,' k6 ia'sfiU leUioed 'byt^ a«kn« of one of htaohiT- 
dfett) aid if hittft^ jAst' nesftOag bona m attack of fever ; 
lM»^hnfWWbif»4dld ^Fi^j- tbi* Wua^ ore lang!b» aMie 10^^ 


vaKMJtwamjxamiasMHCK. M7 

J;nnipe,lo tde.Us 8wt JD.tlia U.,1. CO 

14, . D^tutfol thla Jlfe i-r 

oy la Wukft M tbe 7th of. iUJ^yibe iridanied br.- Bsmn^KlaiBt, 
■ftrnwrly * miwrifmaiy in tJiB.Wnrt TmBfui, in tlie<:7£d jeuttf.hie 

6,: InHennluit, oathe SSthivofKajr,. theiridinced hr. .iDaaiel 
Kwmer, &t the age of 50 yeus. He had also aerred aa a miaaiai' 
.jn; in the West Indies. 

c, In Eberadorf, on the 12Ui .of June, the ]iQme jaJwionary Bod 
..ungte br. Werner Vogel, at43 yeansf age. 

d, In Heimhut, on the Slat of June, the jndowed br. fiaad|el 
Bmnner, in the T2d jesr of luaage. He formerly lahored oiL^ie 
'West India misaian, and his lost atation ma that of .ministei i* 
tiie congregalioD at Norden, in J<a8t. Fiaeiluid. 

e, In Onadenfeld, on the €tli «f July, die ainde br. John MtsAf 
, fiomerl} a laborer in that ^aoe, at (he age of 74 jeais. 


Kace Ae removal of br. Ealtenbninn, vith a part of hi» took, 
to the West, where he has Wn welcomed to a 6ew iSeld of labor 
in the vidm^ of Wat«rtown, Wisconsin— (of which notice wh 
given in the last ananal report of the H. M. S., flee June No. of 
Miaoellany, p. 1-88) — br. Guenther has been fcithfOlly atteodingto 
the spiritual wasts (^ the few remaining families belon^ng to otor . 
little Genaan congregation in the city of New York. He keqw 
two meedogs for mem in tLeir chapel in Houston street, on et^y 
Sunday, the one. at 10 o'clock in the, forenoon, tJie ot^er at half 
past 7 in the eTening. The number of hia slated hearers, whkh 
varied at first from ten to nxteen, has gradually increased, until ha 
now has from 25 to &5. Ilie pitiable condition of the Germana ia 
Brooklyn induced Br. G. to attempt preaching there on Sunday 
Aftmrnoons, in the hope, iMt ere long a brother niight; be sta&med 
at that place, who could preach in both English and German : for 
it is not possible for br. G. to keep Sunday School and preach three 
times on every Lord's day, in conneotien with iiia arduous we^> 
day labors, Without soon destroying his health, and thus, perfaapa,. 
, rendering him entirely unfit for future usefulnesa in lua preaent 
c^ng. At the aolieitaljon of & nimiber of Germana leiading in 
Daubury, CoiwectJont, br.G. Tinted that place (distant 60 lules 
or more from N. T.) in the eariy part of July, and preaebnl.ia a 

K'vate house to a namenuB aasGDablago of peraons, who hadaU- 
■ly desired oaoe agais to hear a wnam ia.tbeir mottottn^u. 


. SS8 TOT X$tDat^-a£JUm£, 

•nd-wtio WMe BO-nBtifled with the oppoitanity affindsd them; Out 
ibty b^ged br. G-. to oome at-tiiur expense .'Kigalftrly eveiy fonr 
mika utd hdd a meeting for them;, whieh requeet he had, of 
wane, to i^iue, ae also Qm aoooont of his not being ordained) tcr 
dedine bapluiiig bU ohildren who .had been biODght to the meetibg 
fiur Uutt porpose. Not fu from Danbniy ia a town in which Qw 
lil«rnuuiB an laid'to be living without hamg a praaoher amoi^ 

On tite 28tli of July the ordination of br. Q^enther, ae DeaooD" 
ttf the United Brethren's Ghorob, was performed at Litiz by bishop 
Peter Wolle. Some of. the members of onr congregation at Litis' 
prcMnted br. Onenther wi^ tS2 towards theporchase of a musical 
uutrument for the nae of bis oongreaation in New York — that the; 
mj the Booner b« enabled to leam uie beaatifiil and simple melD' 
dies adapted to onr own ooUeotiim of hymns. 

On tht ereuiag of the sune day that he retomed to New YbiIl,. 
br- 0. was callied upon to baptise a dying infant of fire months oldr 
whose parents were in great distress, espeoiallj (he mother, on» 
aooount of their ohild not having been sooner dedicated to the Lordr 
though the; were not then holding oommnnioD with an* ahiistiav 
shni^. With prayer to the tioM for HiB Holy Spirit s aid, and 
ia the hope that tus stroke of afBiodon might be the means for 
pnparing the parents' hearts to receive the word of admoBititni and 
attend to their eouis' concerns, br. Q. repured to their dweUing, 
•ltd after having addressed diem in a manner suitable to their 
wretched case, admimstered the rite of holy baptism to the suffering 
babe, whi«h a few hours later was haj^ly released from all its 
earthly miseriea. 

On Sunday, the Mth of August, br. Q, aoA hia German iotk- 
had a solemn- celebration of the Lord's Supper, which was attendedr 
bf pfer thirty oommuuicants. 

BxttaeC of a Letter firun Br. Udmn K Xeinkg, to hit parerU* af 
■BeAldian, doled 

Nb* Eden MornTAiN cotiaob, 
Dearest Parents; August 22d, 1868. 

Ib latf.lmt letter of Hay 19th, I satis&ctorily accounted lot ft 
IvagMtenee. Again a long intierval has elapsed, utd again tbt 
j MM W w e has bewa of the same natoM. Itwamaringhow unstrung 
mm'b nerrona ^«tem beoomes here in the West Indies, after m 
wmn-speltof illnenpto--l>e folly undwstood, it fijqwH' 
«Med. Whilw I waa ctiU -nij weak, aad leaoreri^ slowly, my 


jfaan (Xariotto «u a|^B Imid-Iofr by tiie <dd< enemy; a«l Kll<du 
Moide in, our yud got tile iSstev, tite teacW, tho ooc^ the taoVM 
boy and the hone My. Hy wiiie'BcasedaiuDdednyaonatantaBd 
vonotUtiDg «tfentioD; bo ttud: I had not a moment to ifiaie,'iriMft 
&ee>from offijowl daties. We were a^> compelled to "fieato Dm 
mountain;" and this pcwtoie of «ffiiira iAoieMed Tsiy ooDqd«T»> 
Uy the boidenBomeneei of my dntiefrin the plain below (the itunm- 
tain cottage beii^ three or four miles distant from New Eden,)^^ 
ptoially in " speaking weeks," when eocfiy day fbund. me in ' the 
Mddle on a dan^TooB, preeipitoi» road. The common, daily i^ 
eoning, requiremente of domeMao life tdeo draw lai^ly npoil my 
time. We must fetch water firom a distaaoe of fonr miles every 
day. ]%ie ifl conveyed in two fonall breakers (hampers?) on tin 
book of amnle/and a man most of oonrse be hired. Ton find tint 
the breakers leak. The nearest oooper lives three miks off. Bead 
to him — he's not at home, Or he has no time, ot bis mending, is 
worth nothing ; or the mole has a sore baok, or the pad is torn, oi, 
the pack-saddle is oat of order ; or no ropes are to be had ; or d)Q 
misnonary mnst go and tie them himself. No ahi^ is near, no 
Dei^bors, no help. In short, no one bat &e misESonary has asjt 
judgment or common sense. .The poor negroes have lit^ to'be^k 
with ; and what little they had, has been crashed into nothing1»y 
the accnrsed system of slavery. It is astonishing how om goM 
vaed to this, aa well as to mostthiogs, dthon^sometimespatieiio* 
~ most indeed have- her perfect work. Just so it is with the sistcn': 
work. Everywhere there is nothing to work npon, bnt raw matM^ 
ial, and no combination of labor. Under tJieee circumstances tima 
■lips past ooperceived, and especially if dcknegs supervene. 

Bat notwithstanding all our repeated ulmeots and infirmitien, 
O&r blessed Lord voochHifeB to us his peace, and that oontentment, 
which, with godliness, we aieaBsared,-f''is great pin." " He that 
is down, needs fear do fell. He that is low, no pride. He thKt 
is hnmbte, «ver shall have God to be his guide/' "At mvaan^ 
time it shall be lighL" " And althon^ thy beginning have been 
feeble, yet shall thy exit be glorioos." 

The dispute between our Assembly and. the governor and c«s»- 
«1, has terminated in fevor of tlte Assembly. Sir Cttariee Glij 
Ims been reoiJIed, sod Henry Batkly, Esq., hitherto govenijor-a 

British Guiana, (where, in a nmilar state of things, he ftilly gioi 
' 'n leooDCuing all difiweacw,) is daily e«peoted m a got on- 
Peritaps plain ib. will do more than cme ^ yow 

tided felka. Meantime cr . , 

is a oomplste oalm. There is still no twiff and no reveue;' bgk 
m evcoy one knows, that this is only tamporarff, oompelaticn hni 
■ot binglit down pioes eonespoitdimdy to boieflt the consnnes^ 
kmt lie impcwten pooket tin whole. The jaitdoors have bant apsa^ 
iif^mi ft ftMd of viBamy kt 1wb» ob Ike land,, ca tlw ^w, thM 
4* " 

then u BO 11101M7, alttaa^ eontiMtan for BnnliM kave ngaiSai: 
duir wiUingDMi to .giTe viluntod oiedit Tm BNitiA goron^ 
■rat ^mMM to iMuuiu £16,000 of tbe umvftl intcmat o£ tlw 
M>t « JMuaiM, <» fltndiliaa, thai it netem eerttin aboMi in ita' 
aaoBalouMBaliMiin. metbv aabriea.will be lednmd, {Ax 
■ew governor Ina Tolaataemd to Immo £1000 of hia salaiy at 
OMe,)' and what will be the idtnior &te of tbe otbiv meaaoie* 
nooind by tbe OoknU leere toi y, temaina to be Been. 

The wees, in iriiidi tbe bat of Angaat (the anmrergaiy- of nfr-- 
mMmaoc^tion) oooured, waa om of innmnanf labor' tor me. 
We had an uraminatiim of two of our wfaools ; bat to deaorib* 
then is dificnlt ; thej mut be teima^d, to be sppreraated. Mndi* 
aigaikj Mill preraila leyriing edneation ; and 1 am oonnnoed, 
nothing bat a compnlata^ law and tax wiU do. Some <tf onr breth- 
ren, as well as myaelf tlunk, that tJie whole of the new ajBtan <tf 
" hedge acboohi" ia nnaonnd ; althoogh it cannot be denied, that 
neat preaent benefits aoame from h. The parents are accnstomed 
bj it to'get education graiit. Aa long as the excitement in Eng- 
land conlinueB, all ia well ; but tha« is nothing to render the fond 
pennMient, which at present has a sn^na of more than tlOOO.' 
The application of oertain persona fbnnerl j - connected witii tbt. 
Chnroh Hisnonaiy atotitm at Siloa, mght lules frooi New Eden, 
to have a aehool opened among them by tbe Brethren, haa there* 
fore been fsTOrably reoeiTed. They live 16 milea'from New Sden 
and 14 &om FnlnecA, on tbe highroad to Mont^ Bay. Tha 
brethren Pleaung and Fenrig were there once, and kept a meeting,- 
and on Tuesday, Ang. 3d, I went, with the intended teacher, Mr^ 
Rnt^, an Englishman, and shoemaker ^n trade. The people have 

rid to build a nragh sohoolhonae, and repair an old dwelling for 
Rnt^ and his batuHj (three daughters and two sons), wbUat 
the Brethren, in retom for twenty houta sohool per week,- eiWRga 
to give him f 100 per anmnn, and all the sohooUiBeB ha can eolleet. 
The place where the eohooUioaae will be built, is called Eldarstie, 
or Joint Wood. Tbe day I went thither wltb Mr. Rutty, I waa 
maoh fatigued; not oidy on aoeonnt of the ride of 82 mUe^ bak 
alw on account of the exeerable road and raudi peaking. Itbe^ 
■■ig' holiday time, the people tuned out well, and quite filled tha 
(■all house where we net. . Aocostomcd as 1 am to Our wretched 
unging at New Eden, when these people began with the tune Old 
Hundred, they sang with such a hearty gm>d will, that it quito 
eheered me.^ _ They have subscribed here £2& for a schoolhoose, 
besides repiuiiuf| the dwdling. \ was commissioned by conference M 
t^ them, that if they oompletod a schoolhouse, we would visit 
them and preach once a month, alternately fn»n Fnlneok and New 
Eden, Aitor we had oommeaced witli ra^jing, read a psalm, and 
iaoptoml the Kriae bletong and gnidaooe, we proceeded to settU 
■Mtem. lie fWf^.vitBtM aa to Inild a baooa and Audi al 


«Me; bat I aasarad them, tJutwe did not wish to make proselylw 
of. them, and ^t, out of love to their souls, we wonld f^ve uem 
£20 per anuam, uid no more, ke. Six of onr New Kden conunii-- 
■ioont memben At the conclusion, one of them 
addreflsed the meeting witii ench Chriettan feeling, and bo- mneh Id 
the point, that I was not ont^ cheered, but Tery mnch Hurprized } 
■•t haring sheeted each ^inga of him. Hb apoko ohieflj of the 
btesanip of finedom, and tbeadTaBb^eoaBofferBowmadetotiMse 
p«Qple, in answer to their often repeated qqiiioation ; snd I wu 
piaMca to see, what a good use he made of mj aermon of the pie- 
nmiB diy, to wMoh it was plain, he muat have listened most at- 
temtintj. The whole afiidr was so veiy unusoal, that my bunting 
baart 4]nite reriTed. 

The new shop or shanty, on the Bogue common, near New Eden, 
has also been opened, and of course Satan had it all l)is own way 
for mMiy days, with drummiog, fiddling, dancing, revellinge, and 
snoh like. . After that, seme " Mjal people" began their froUes 
M S!lim, and drew away many of the young people. Myalism pro> 
fcawB to be die antagonist of Qheahiam, and its antidote. By both 
the poor nwroea are held in bondage, and miserably deluded and 
robbed of mar money. Both would be wretchedly ckilduli, were 
it not for die hold Buperstition has on the negro mind, and were it 
sot for the cases of secret poisoning, that frequently occur. Obeoh- 
ism is a lying, aecre/ charm, for iajnring or destroying another; 
Ae Tirtaes of it are supposed to be in old mgs, bits of glass bot- 
des and feathers, and sometimes litde wooden coffins, rats' dni^ 
Ao. Hyalism professes to be able to point out the place, wher* 
«ay Obrah obaim lies buried ; aqd by means of its incantations, 
to Qxtnet die cause of sickness, and foreign substances lodged in 
tho body, such as, glass, bones, &o. With Myalism, a dance is al- 
ways oonnected, and a mystic ring -formed, always at night; tb« 
^ef performers and Bometimea^ystandere, working themselvee ap 
into a fever of freocy, till they sweat all over, foam and drop down 
in oonvuUuKis. All diese things give ns. at times.'ss you may well 
ima^ne, a vast deal of trouble, wheseTer any of our people a»f 
4i»wii amy by than. 

Edwin E. 1 

^ fJamfiettd bif a Gsma» SifUr at ^feianed, and traiulatai /or tk» 

He Mil fait word, uid heded tbem."— r» I*?. SO. 

1. How often daring life's probation, 
H&ve I had canse tJiia trnth to know-! 

'Twas ^v'n to yield ub consolatiim. 

When pain and Bicbne§8 lay ub low ; 
When broken up the eonl's dee|i fbuntains; ' 
When fear and trouble rise like mountains ; 

" Oh !" we exclaim, " no herb can heal.'* 

Then only to the cross appeal. 

2. No herb can heal, no plaster qnidcen, 
No skill on earth the evil mend ; 

On eVry hand distresses thicken. 

In vain your treasures yon expend : 
nioagh nuinj a cure prescrib'dyon'Te heeded^ 
Ton've not yet found the help yon needeij. 
Oh 1 but believe, " no herb can heal ;" 
And therefore to the orOBS appeal. 

3. Upon the cross ha^gs the phrudan, 
Who died fbr ns that we might live } 

And to restore our lost condition, 

As remedy his blood did give : 
He, he alone can save from dying, 
When we, in faith, to Him are oryinff. , . 

Do hot believe, " No herb can neal ;" 

And qolokly to the cross appeal. 

4 " Ah, yea 1'" say yon, " the aonle' 

The blood of Jbbub Christ will care" 
FoF eveij ill our body news, 

This remedy is just as sure. 
Why is it paioa afflict in season T 
Are not our ma the constant reason T 

And these, forsooth, " no herb oaa ti 

Therefore onto the croea appeal. 

6. The LoaeliteB, when aorety bitten' 

By Berpente, on their desert viy, — ■ 
(For erillnstB the hoat was emitten]-!— 

. Were bid to look, vidiout delay, 
Upon the bracen serpent raised ; 
And if, in foith, one tbitltei gazed, 

!ndB help'd him more than heitm tliat he^ ; 

Tlien only to the cross appeal, 

6. Think of the many sin-molested, — 

The lame, the rfck, and cripples all,— 
To whom ODT Savior menifested 

Himself, as Helper, at their call ; 
No sooner He the word Bad spoken, 
Than sickness' power at once was broken : 

' Twas plainly seetr, " no herb can, heal,"— 

To Jesus we must needs appeal. 

1. Whene'er in iaith we apprehead it. 

We find hie word hath still such might ; 
Throngh joints and marrow He doth send il^ 

And brings our sickness to the light. 
A Bwotd, our spirit peuetratjng, — 
A balm, our pains alleviating, — 

God's holy word, now sharply cuts ; 

And Kow the wound it gently shnts. ■ 

9. Now deep into the soul it goeth, 
And pares away some morbid part ; 

Then like a healing oil it fioweth ; 
Or Bplint«r8 draws with nicest art; 

It often brings to our attention 

Old wouwJs^ which we dislike to mention ;: 
And oft It aggravates the sore, 
Ere it is heal'd, to pain no more. 

d. We aid the cure, when in subjection 

To the physician we abide. 
Did we bBt follow God's direction ; 

And only in His word confide, 
Which shows how He's the best physiciaa; 
Snob &ith wonld mend our uck condition : 

We tien Qod'a power would loudly tell, 

Than which no herb can heal so well. 

10. With the physician's will complying^ 
We needs must trust the recipe ; 

On our own wisdom not reMng, 
For that deceives oft worally. 

We d«re not ehooae the heftling potion^ 

Throogh fear of our mistoken notions ; 

But He, whose vord alone dotli onrei 

Belectfl &t once the meona most sure. 

IL Oh I let hb bust Ood's miglit unbonndedr 

And his all-healing word embrace I 
Safe on His word our hopes are gronsded. 

Who hie sole tnut in God do£ place, 
Sball know the croas's power to save ns, 
And understood the truth Gkid gave vst^ 

That here below " no herb can hesL" 

Then, ontj to the ciosa apfteal. 


IJBten I dear fellow rinner ! How kind, how wuftderfnl an inn- 
tetionisthisl God speake, and speaks to Thee I The Fftthersajrar 
"Cornel" TheSonBajB"(J3nicr' The Holy Spirit says, "Chmel" 
The blemed angels echo tin cry " Chmel" Many poor sinners who 
hare accepted llie call join their vokes in tho ^peal, and say, 
"Gome to Jesns I" All nnile in tke entreaty, poor sinner, aad^- 
with all earaestness, plainness, and affeeUon, implore thee to 
" Come to Jesns 1" 

When he was himself on earth, well knowing and full of pity 
for die sufferings amd sins of men, ai he looked ro«nd on the crowd 
which one day surrounded him, he tenderly said, " Come nntome, 
all ya that labor and arc heavy laden, and I will give you rest I" 
(Matt, xi, 28—30.) What be said then, he says liowl The in- 
vitation he gave to the men of that day, he gives, to thee, my fel- 
low sinner 1 "Come onto me I" Art thou not heavy laden witk 
niilt ! Oh then come to Jesns, and Uton shalt &td rest 1 Come to 
desos ! Come to Jesns I 


It seems to have bees takea for granted, that one of onr bretbns, 
whose communivatloiis have appeared iti,Jbe Miscellany, is the rep- 
resentative of the opiaiona of the Ministers' Conference. We have 
noticed this with regret, becattee we do, not think that the diaacU- 
nation of brethren to appear in print warmatsBUasGumption ofthe 
kind, and we feel constrained to declare tbat aothmg is acknowledg- 
ed as emanating from our Conference, unless it be signed by the 

ouvnAxv. S06' 

"St&ki)ii% OtHoinittM." Snery hid^t Is, of eawna, at libn^- 
tereTpKea lii§ iDdiTidari opinions, with wHeli other brelhreD kmj 
«ii(^- or Id 'port dieaeiit. 

. We also beg leave to Bay that we rejoiee at the free exfffeBuonof 
^iiiioii on all subjeete of Interest to our Church ; we believe that 
inOdi trtith hulieeu broo^t forward in the various communica- 
tUmB that have appeared, bat we deprecate Mj anfrietidliheM of 
Umt, as entirely needlessj as decidedly injarious, and as opposed to 
the Savior's declaiatioa : "yeallue brethren," Finally, we de- 
ant it to be clearly understood, thonch we believe that such a de- 
claration onght not to be considered necessary, . that the yearly 
meetiiiga of oar Conference are not, and are not intended to be, and 
ean never become, legislative assemblies; but that they are, as their 
pabliehed minntes abundantly testify, conversational meetings for 
itrengthening each other in f^ith, and hope, and love, and also for 
the friendly disonsaion of such matters, as would hardly possest 
interest for any others but the brethren in the mlnlstiy. Wo ask 
for tho encouragement and intercession of all our brethren and ^»- 
ten. ■ " Behold, how good and how pleasant it is, for brethren to 
dxeU together in unity I" 

The Bbethbsn of the Mini3ter8' Confubencb. 
Nazareth, Sept 19th, 1858. 


Diluted this life on the 17th inst, towards evening, in conse- 
quence of her confinement, sr. Emma 0. Bechler, lat« Smith', wife 
ffl br. Julius T> Bechler, Warden of Litiz Congregation, at the ago 
of 87 yeoft. After her marriage in 1838, ^he served with herhns- 
band, as a fttithfiil handmaid of the Lord, in our congregations at 
Belhania, N. C, Enuoaua, Fa., and since 1846 at LiUz. 

(For the MitceOany.) 

LiTiz, Sept. 22od, 1868. 
DxAK Beother I 

Permit me, through the " Miscellany," to return tO tho dear 
brethren of liie MiulBtert' Conference my most h^rtfblt gratitude 
for their warm expression of sympathy, and their prayer' in my be- 
half to a throne of grace, on account of the severe affliction to 
which a loving Savior has seen fit to subject me, in removing from 
■/ aide a beloved partner, and translatlBg her to the reaJms »f 




li msm UBi iscimm. 


SOTEHBER, 1838. 



MINUTES of llie Western MinUten' Conferend! . 3SB 

UNANIMOUS DECLABATION of the Western Min. Confrrencft, 37! 
REPORT lead before the aociely for propa^ting Om Giwpcl. 

I, New Fairfield - - - • - 384 

3, Weatfieid ----- - 880 

ON PRAYER . ... . . 1 386 

STATEMENTS : . : ; 39«_a»T 

LETTER lrombr;KotlUiiiE - - - - 3W 

LETTER from H. A. M. Fell - : -401 


■WW (JOM.Ml'NICA'tlONti.— T!io Kditor is hot to bo eousidami 
fetfet «:aponaiblc for the opibioas of his correspondentB m subjects 
-ief^yting which tli^i; C'hurch allows a divcreity of Ecntimcnt. 





:ivrd by the Re». D. Bigler, 62S HousWn St., New York, R«v. Edtn. 

do ^cbwciniu, 74 Race St., Phil*., Rev, H. A, Sbnltt, 

Lancaster, by the Miniatera at Litii, NgsBreth, 

Vorii, Penna., tnd Salem, N. C, 

and b\ t!ie '• Editor of the Moravian Church MiKeUanJ,'' 

Belbhhein, Penna. 


-^^/r ■>^-'^ 


iiiAf ijii eimcH iiscmm. 

■o/Ae WeUeTnO(mffrega^oiu of the Moravian. Chiuvh' m'XbrA 
iStneritM,hddatS(gje,I»diana,JimelS5^J^ ■, ' - 

FIRST BB8SI0N,S«tard.y, Juno 18th., «o'cI«i,.A..H.. ". '' 
' The meetitig waa' opened b; br.' Henry' Clander, UiuieUr' <tf 
'Hope oon^gatitin, Wiln the ^nging of a hjiuu, an 'address. aa2 
ipwer. The folloiringbrethreiQwe'rt! present. ' ' 

Br. Henry Clanger. of Hope, .Indiana; hr. 'Henry Babhman of 
^Gnadtfnbnetten, Ohio; br. f^ncis R.'Hollao'd of Caiul IXivdr', 
"Ohio; hr. Charles ^ratow of Coatesville,' Indiana ; br. Edwin T. 
"Se'nseman of New Salem, ILIinoia. Besides these br. Jacob Blick- 
'Cnsdcerfer, sen., of Canal Dover, Ohio, and'br. John Vogler of 
'Batem, N. C. appeared, as Tisldog brethren, in our midst. 

Upon motion br. Senseman was appointed Secretary. Br. ClsD' 
der, as minister of the congregation in which we bad met, was re- 
qneated to act aa President. 

2. Bi. Senseman read a coDunnnioation from' Br. Mulin 
xBouaer, Home Misnonary in Ulinois, in which, he expreaaed 
the regret he felt in not being able to attend, and his 
kind brotherly salatation to ihe Conference, with his good, wiehea 
-on our ^behalf . The bni.HoUand,Bachman, Senseman and Baxst^iw 
assnred the Conference of the kind wishes and lively interest felt 
by tbeit urentl oongregations in our meeting. It w&sifnrthermen- 


368 iniiDras or THE Hurunii^ ooKnuMOB, 

b, tbB apiritiul beaaftt of the congrng rt iwi in whose midat we 

c, The extennon tad pnriSofttion of oorbmioh of the Chriatiui 
<^hiiroh in the West. 

• 4. It wu remlved th«t we incite the present ud late oommittee 
of Sop9 coagregftdon, and the Tisidns bnthren from other congre- 
MlioqB, pieaent, to apt u meubera ol the coqferenoe. and thfttour 
brethren ^neraliy, w well as all the fnends (^ the oaue of {%i3t, 
^.aUowed a4mittaaqet9.,otir:B^%{s. ^ _ -„.,,, 

5. The ministen of the difiereat oongTeffationa were now, cUled 
upon to gire a Teihri oooonnt of tite won <tf the Lord in thelr 
jeepecdve fields of laboi. Br. ;Si(iBeman oopimenced b; girif^ n 
brief aocount of New Salem. After he had closed, it was soggegt- 
«d b J a member of the confeieuce, that it might be in teres tiog and 
profitable to the pabUe gener^;, to hear these nanatiTes, and it 
waa resolved to postpone this subject until Monday afl^oon at 
1 o'clock, and that to^norrow, (being the sabbath), ' a paBIia itiTt' 
tation be extended to our brethren and fnends to be present. Br. 
(blander, however, g^ve an account of Hope, pongcecatiou. 

6. The sabjeot of leTcral communications latc^ publi^ed in 
tlie Hiscellanj. was taken up, and, confercnqe, resolved that the 
brethren Hollaiid, Seaseinan, and Blickensdoerfer constitute aconi- 
mittee to prepare ait essay for publication in this lyfiscellanj Hi 
answer to Art. 1 of the June nuihber of the present year. The . 
conference regretted the publication of the article alluded to, an^ 
feared that it and similar publioations t^ded to neutralize all our 
«ndeavon to give an intelligible aiid consist^at character to our 
^hnrch in Amerioa. After siu^ng a Terse, conference adjourned. 

SECOND SGSSIOH. Satuidaj tAemoon, 9 o'clock. 

1. After mapaa md a prayer ofiered up bj br. Holland, a con- 
Teiaati<w upon ranons iapn wbb held, witliou^ boweTit, arrivii^ 
at any result. 

- 2. Tba qaMtim was asked : " is it rigfat and scripturd for ns to 
ba^tan cAdUren of parasts, who do aot bdong to our, or any other 
bnuuh rf the ChrisliaB Ghuroh V 

■ AftaaniBtBTchaa^ofasntiinent and experience, itwasUtoDght 
ysBXpedient to adcqgt aaajr rah tm this subjeo^ tlut ereiy broder 
mm Ipdge fin- himself aitd act aamtding ts his own cenTietion. 
Tbe sbBMt anitvrsal imisreanai> however, was, that it Is iq^l, 
under farotiMe etrrotofaniBw, apoa jcaqtt^ to b^ttiie ehildien of 
aaients not at the liiiw in eonneet>(« with any bianoh lif the 

'8. It Wis ftirther BuntiotaBd, thAk book of dlaaipHiw, not limi. 
t«d to on* or two oonsieprfions, bat aokiHTwledged and adovtad bf 
all IB our atelo cf Miw^'mi mgiMt dsriAmttiBi. It kppears 


Ht, A iiiort hiitpry of A« BnOm's iOlnuA; Sd, its' doot^sM, 
|priiMi|ilM w4 gORnl Obufltatioii; utd'S^ ftdiicqpUna. Jtwi^ 
resolved to reqMt » oopy to to airorirtrf uiai^ lu'Cw MAnriaa- 
tion nd nriBKHi^ sad m- ram ve ran' sgne anui ono, that 
tmt to the P- E. C. at Bodachem, Pk., awj tfteP. H.Ov at Salan, 
N. C, for thrar saiMJlitm^ aad lud befiin onr oqarngkUeimtor 
adoption. Unifonnit; fai tbia nepeet ia Tcny deniaSle, eqMaall^ 
ae we an tnqtaOj aaked for osr J^otft tif <tuei|diDe, and ane 
aWavB at a loes what to a^e. I« cam thn oiatter rafrbe ajranged, 
ik mil be neoeenir; to pnlit a large uniDber of eoJHM in both Ln- 
gnagee. Our allotted' time baTing ex|Hfed, cmfeieBoe ac^onnoi) 
after nnging a hj'mn. 

TBIRD SESSION. H011A7 BoninK, Jane SO, S o'ckek. 

After nof^Dg the totk : " Oh Lord, lift up thy countenance, 
etc., prayer was offered by br. SeiweBMn. 

1. The minutes of the sessioos of laet Saturday «ew read aad 

2. A rongh gketcfa of a communtcatioB^ pieparedfor publication 
in the Hiacellany, in answer to an artacle which baa lal«ly appear- 
ed in raid periodical was presented. A lengthy and animated dis- 
euBsion arose on the subject' of Confirmation as alluded to in tbat- 
artiole. After this friendly jntercljange of sentiment, at about It) 
o'clock, conference took a recess of about } of an hour. 

Upon meedng again, it was resolved that br. Senseman be 
requested to attend to a communication, setting forth onr views of 
the character and ftoper policy of our Church, which after baviifg 
been circulated and signed by the ministers that MHnpose this con- 
ference, sball be sent on to Bethlehem for publication. 

3. A brother asked the views of the conference o^ the subject 
ef social prayer-meetings. Br. Baohman first gave his experience 
and views on this important topic. The ooncluBion at wni^ he 
arrived was, that these meetings bave been emiaentljf blessed by 
our Savior. 

Br. Hcdlaad thought that snob iiieetings were entirely in aooord- 
ance with the Spirit of onr Church, and that this is the express 
decluation of onr Synods, both provincial and general. That- they 
are bibUcal, and an apostdio inXiliition our broths proved by a 
fefermoe to Acts xii. 12. The bmthren Banstow, SeDsemu) and 
Clander all exptewed tbeMwlTM in fi^vor of moh meetings, and 
we mutually enootin^ed one anotber, (o greater eunmtaeea and 
teal in onr endeaTorB to {tronote timi. 

It TBI i^jwdad fs a fiiToi^:^ onm, tfcat. thn n^qduiM fonner- 
ly entertained by many brethren, wa<e sndnalfy wearing Vftf^ 
and tbtt flur jdMT tcetbT(in.«C ^S)u6lf&i. CwlierawW) l^o^va 

3R) mmjTBi otTiiiiuiiWi' iJUMiiiiiKnt, 

IbeanJtalDonrtRirEioii; «ra wMb-iu. fnte-hMtbrandf-the wm- - 
ttnoM 'all expiraped tiirair wnb and derided epiiubn> Uiat UmM 
pthriir-iiiBetingB shonld be eondwtad witk deeew^ aad in order, . 
anaalxmdl'witfa (Ariatian amplki^; aadi Aat we dould eao- - 
tidaonr'invlliven, net toi utdalge a denbtfbl,' (not to bbj a AJlee) ~ 
fire. . If oondnoted in aeooialand eolemn 'm^nner/ttitff' noat be 
MndnoiTe to gneat good. Olher reniaEks of a kindred chaiader 
irete made, and one brother gave a wb^ pleasing picture (HF the 
kapfty efieotB of tkese nieetingg on- our miesionuy Btatioiw. 8«t- 
oni brethren of^e Hope oommittoe rei^onded to the«o sendroenta, 
wi^ mnoh feding. Onr hearts fldwed'tegether in great loTe, and 
1iq;.expetienoed mm onr blessed Sarioa the gracione asBaranee, tbat 
he was in our midst, and was slill willing to own and Uees ov 
bclOTed Ghnroli. After we had implored the divine blesdng vpoa-^ 
snraelTei, Qur. congregations, and the whole Brethren's Unity, we - 
nng the Terse : 

BlMt u the nrred tie, tliat hin^ ■ 

Out hearts id Chhitiui lore, etCn 

' * FOURTH SESSION. Monds? sAenwen, % o'tlock. 

1. We oonuueneed onr seanon this afternoon by ein^bg : — 

What brought lu together, what jiHoed our hcarU, etc, 
Br, Barstow offered prayer. 

2. Upon' request, and accordiiig to. previous appointment, the- 
brethren gare uibrt, verbal, accounts of their respective sp&eres of ' 

Br. S^nseman commenced by ^'vine a brief acconntof tBecom- 
Ipenoement, progc^ and present condition of New Salem congre- 
gatioH. He waa followed by the brethren HoIlaiKr, Barstow and 

. Baohinan. These narratives were upon the wffole' quite pleaetng, 
and served to inspiro us with the hope that the dhv of the LonTsr 
viaitatibn,^ for which wo so often pray, may not be far distant. Br. . 
Bachman's account of G'nadenhuetten and vicinity was veir cheer- 
ing, and we r^oiced greatly to hear that a precious time of revival ' 
Itad oommanoed in that Ohuich. . Might this blessed Spirit spread. 

^ After singing a hymn conference sdjonmed. 

FIFTH SESSION.. Tueaday meisiasKi^e n, 6 Volix^ . 
1. After ringing the hymn : 

" How BiMet, how heaveidf ta tba ai^t, . 
WhMhtboag who lor* Hw Ltud, oto." 
Br. Ba«ihmam addressed the throne of ' grace intpraywi- 
9. The miiMtCw of ikb senionB of Houday were ma^siri i^ 
■tjrofed. ■■ ' ■ 

S. A lattw tamht. S(li^.OM»d, oSmnvH*,, IiNm,- tekr. 


X!lh4(ier ma n>d. ' After a. loigtlij ooaieiSBiioq ^mh the snlgeec 
■«f a -rlnt to Wa, br. Gl&nder vbh requested ^ (jmreBpoiid «ltL 
tb« HoHM Uisrion' Sooietj at Bethlehem, tmi aii' to titem, th» 
Wreiml brethren la Indiana and niinoia were irilSng to go upw 
4aeb a vm^t io ^^^ ^^J of>° do bo connateatl; ^r)^ thdr duty to 
tiMir TMpective eoacregationa^ . ' 

J 4. The aabijMt «i a sobool for the prepuatioD of candidates f6r 
^W niniBbr^ me iqwken <^. - it was regretted ihsX opportnuitiw 
MT menial improrement, preserited to nutable 'svbjeete for the eer- 
trioe of tho Lord, were so alender. We as ministeni will bear tiiiit 
in mind, and will endeavor w&en suitable peraoiiB present theta- 
ildv0Brto^'P'^€O> toproenremmemeanato ac^imro the neeeasafy 
■ pr^uTatJon for ^eient Bervioe in the Lord'i vio^^rd^ 

6. Our oanforeooe thongltt it advisable tiua> fTi&6T tanda be in- 
- irodiNed into oar oongregations, especi|L)ly f^r eiid^ as hare lately 
keen oonfinned, not, fiiwever, as a maUer of eoiiipnkioa. 

6. Out attention was likewise drawn to thpsnbiect of a leligioHi' 
new^per, devoted bx t^iateresls of^tlieOhurch. Of course iti 
9iir great weakoew we were not able to devise anj nreitDB, or comt: 
-4o 993 definite rcsnlt. It waa thoagbt b^, however, that tbemsm- 
b«nof tiiis owferaBotf ODirespond witb their colleagoeain the mtn- 
ietrj, aH|^ ^.^w Bmttniepingeiierali.iipcm this subject, as onder 
frvorakte droajtudaooes, with the blessing of Qqd, some good maj 
npnlt Stam: it. 

After eiD^fig,eon&ience adjourned. 

taX^^ SBSSIOIf . Tneadaj «lt«niDan, 1 o'dock. 

1. iifte the usual opening, the subject of pastoral duUee ciq^ 
tf. I^Btoral viaitfl were spoken of, with regard to their impor- 
taiKWr.Bnd the manner in wnioh thej should be conducted. . It was 
tbou^t that such visits, when made in the proper n^nner, and 
witf) a view to ^iritual unprovemeot, are one of the chief, iastni- 

'«aeaM,for the conversion of sools, and the extension of the Chnridi. 
Eaoli hroUier regretted his remissness in this important duty, and 
fra eitponraged one another to renewed faithfulness. ' 

2. AnMher Koet difficult brancli of ministerial doty is the a{>- 
ylioiaDD of diaapline. That it must be faithfully earned out, Ham 
MgfOihi >a ft moat indispensible part of our work. The brethren, 
fcowff^e^ thought that w» riioald never bo too hasty, not judge and 
«SBd«n)n wiUtontgood gromds, and above all never indulee in any 
U&ding Mvarity, or tuagr; or revengeful spirit. If such ihouM 
■mlume oaae, we irill do groat injury to die anbjeotathemaelvH, 
WMte a qiril et aBimoMty ammg our munbers generally^ and 
mAt SKWt ntatorial ^ritual kam outselies. 

A tKnUerj MMtvenMioB wm k«^ «^ for a eouulcnble.tiquv 

ttavaa ta TOM u 

8. At tihaiit Ulf past ^ o'cloak, oMufcrnue ■^iwimni iritli die 
uqieat&fioii of njeebn^ for Qa IjM trafi to^onsv M z o'floek, 
P. M. '!rhe BcsaiDB Hw.closedb^un^niga&jan. 

eiiTEt(t£( B1J8H0N. W«aiiadKykfii<ni<«ii,IunenSo''croct. 
' - 1. After 4D^g<^ hymn utdpnTor by br. HoUmmI, the MimiteH 
<^ yesterday were read and ftppioTed. ; 

2- Upon motion it was resolT«d tbat the Seoretaty prepwo 
anolber copy of ths nunntei of Has oonfbreiMa, aad umi tjitat on 
to the Editor of Uie Miwellany for puMiosUoii. 

3. A lengthy convanuUioa enuied upon tuioiu topioa, Quuh m 
tlie ritual of the Chuieh, and our practice daring pnttiio wonbif 
and communion. Various sentimMitB were ezpreaaed. 

4. It was rceolvcd tii«t the next omferenoe be held next yeVi 
at Qnadenhnetteu, Ohio, if it be the Lord's will) on ihe l«t Mov- 
day of October, and that br. Bachman be authwiaed to msko anj- 
ollier arrangement with regard to the time, etc., as ciroumstaBe)|)> 
may demand. 

5. The brethren Clauder ukd Baohman now made appi<o)»riiik 
and feeling addresses apoD vdiich we song : 

" Wir wall'n b«in Khmm bMben," etc, 
and embraced one ftnotber la great fove and affectaon. We thru 
uommended onrselvea in fervent prayer unto the Lord. 

The brethren of Hope congregatdoo now handed in soioe consid- 
«abte contributions, voluntarily ootleoled (959 80) for the pay- 
ment of the travelling expenses of tbe breUuen. (This sum wa? 
afterwards found to cover them, nearly if not quite.) This ^ind 
offering was hailed as a most auspicious omen, an earnest of a most 
delightflil and affectionate spirit, which aoems to animate ttie 
hearts of onr dear brethren at Hope. The bm. Holland and 
Senoeman expressed the tiianks of the oOnferenee, for this precious 
t«^ed'of frateraal a^don. Swdy Ae Lord vat Hi owmidif. 
■ffctiieo closed by singing : 

Wa in one Coveoant are janed. 

Anil one in Jeaus arc, etc. 



oMmifeef stBtpi, I^Uma, An^ 185S. ' 

.W«: 4w- uaden^&ed, .mtiaben of ^ ^esteni Mun^iien' Coq- 
fwenoe, lutTa thoDgbt -pta^r, ia view of ^ reoMit revivBt of is- 
tereat ip tba Home Hit^atary wcvlc of oiirChiiroh in tkis country, 
anil die difloaaaon upon tEo chajacter of the Church, elictkd hj 
tliGW rwQVed eSbrte, to put forth tbc foIlowJQg declaration of our 
priocipkB and Tiews, iritu respect to the character and proper policy 
«f our .C^ujeh. It is not to bo supposed that all our brethren niU 
I>e.&ble to aj^«e witk us in every' respect, hnt thou(^ wemay diSer, 
IK truat ^at it will be fn the spirit of love. 

, -"ilfebelioTe thai our Church, the "United Brethren's Chnreb, or 
tTiiltaa Fratrum, is a Church which was originally founded, anid 
has. tlais far been preserved, for his own good purpose, bv our 
Xtori Jegtu Christ, the great shepherd and bishop of his cLoitciL 
pM^^ on earth, l^iis cEaraoter she unequvocally bears. Origin- 
atiii£ in a dark and gloomy period of enpemtitjon aud intoleranoc, 
the urect resnlt of the ardent longings uf the hiininn heart for a 
pun and spiritual WMshtp, and a well-founded hope of immortality j 
ft ChSreh of martyra struggling foir the true and undefilcd doctrines 
of the Bible, for light, t^ life, and liberty, and amidst the most 
feMrfiil and heartrending trials, seeking its only consolation and 
support with him who has graciously promised, — and ever as read- 
ily {lerfonned, — " lo, I am with you alway ercn unto the end of 
the world," it was impossible that she could bear any other than a 
truly evangelieal and apostolic character. Her faith and character 
hayf'bewi tried in a seven times heated furnace, and they have 
oorae . forth only the more pure and' genuine. And if her ancient 
hifiion^ most clearly and unequivocally attests her divine origin, 
he):ppre modem does the same. By the direct interposition of 
ProYJ^noe, her order of ministry in its apoetolie succession, han 
be>ei^ preserved, and the awakenings in Moravia, and especially that 
sahliiae baptism of the Holy Ghost, that overwhelming work of 
^vlpe.graoe, vhieh oocurred on the 13th of August 1727; each 
and all these, and many more instaoaes of the Lord's work among 
OUT forefathers, one hundred years ago, go to prove must condn- 
ave!j,.that the origin and' renewal <£ our beloved SUou We owe Ood. !Nor has our subsequent experience, in spl'tf of oOr 
many &iliiicB and ahortKiominge, been of a character to cauae ^ 
to tel^vfi, uiat the Lord has cast us aside. We ther^oie love, 
revBrence. and eherish this the Chiirth of our fathers, an*l the fold 
in vliit^ we have, from our earnest infanej, been taught the will 

and wajrs of God. Tes, we love our own little Zion ; we eotetp 
* &^ above an; earthly injlitutiDs, we ' " pKfer her tUiTfi ouicLfef 

^3T4 tntAnwnrB-DmiuuTnm or nmoiPLB, 

^aj" tod it is beoftUBs we behold ber desoktiobB, vaA m irittw 
toherdeoajr; bWMiM we tranble lesboor ouMUwtiek'be.mivtM^ 
that we h&Ta datenniiied to give uttennee to -oui feeling Mtd 
■peck wn bumble word in bcr behalf Yes, "for Zion's nkvl 
will not bold mj peace, and for Jenaalem'a nke I will not mt, 
-until the rii^teouBneaa thereof go forth «a brightseai, and th9Ml- 
' Tation thereof as a lamp that burmetb." 

We will speak in the first place of her oharscteras we ondev- 
■tand it. Ttus character of oourae can alone be understood hy X 
reference to her history. When the United Brethren'^ Ohnrchi 
waa in the process of being renewed, tbe peculiar political instibK 
tiooa bj which she was surrounded, and measurably conbvdM, ' 
were ot such a' nature as to have a great, and we think nodne in~ 
fluenco, upon tiie formation of ber <£aracter. As there existed ft 
.national Obnrcb in Oermany at that time, supported'bythe eifil 
law, and protected by the Prince, the appearance of a new religi- 
ons society, necessarily and at once excited euapicion. ^ow our 
BreUiren ever looked Ut the Bible for their principles, as'wdl 9 
^the rules of their conduct. They therefore gave hcedto the apos- 
tolic injunction : "Let every soul be subject to the higher powers. 
For there is no power but of Qod, the powers that be, are ordained 
' of God. Whosoever therefore, resistetfa the power, reeiat^tb the 
ordinance of God ; and they that remat, aball receive unto them- 
-selves damnation." It was not only prodent under those circum- 
etances, but it was the plain dictate of a strict sense of duty, liter- 
ally to adopt, and faithfully to follow out this principle. The 
Church upon its organization, subscribed to the Augsburg Confera- 
ion of Faith, the creed of the natlunal Church, and in considera- 
tion of this solemn act, and a promise not to interfere in an ille^t 
manner in the ecclesiastical institutions of the country, but to con- 
fine their activity within their own immediate circle, claimed tbe 
indulgence and protection of the Prince. This was likewise aocoid- 
ed. As a natural couBequeace, the Church did not assume an in- 
dependent position, but rather the character of a. religious society 
within the national Church, established, in the first place for tw 
benefit of the Moravian reftigeea, and secondij for all such, w&o, 
desirous of more spiritoat communion with Christ and the breth- 
ren, and more entire devofedneBS unto the Lord, sought after ob- 
tainipg the permission of their pastors, admission into our ooagK- 
^tjons. The number of these congregations, necessarily ooatift' 
oed to be small, and their activity circumsoribed. But a tndy 
tihristian and apostolic leal cannot be confined^ .it will ^nt finl^ 
cast ofF mere earthly tramels ; and work, and that to some purpom, 
for the extension of the Redeemer's kingdom. The result WM, 
Uiat our brethren, fired tn the divine spint, aonght the poor wd 
deluded heathen amid pour flnows, and in tonid climes, yea is |& 
^sionei of tho earth. • - 


.'■ A'swnBwneUous workp«rh«pi never wu perfbnDet&itluu^ thp 
fc»t-niMM»iiMy efforts of our brethren in l>el^f of the lieat£en. 
Wiieit the ChrUtiao world had appurentlj forgotten its high mi£u<^' 
to preach Qia Gospel to every creature, and only^here and ther^ a 
&w strolling misuBnaries were plying the work of salvalioD ifx-^ 
ksathen lands, unaided by the coDtribntions, the sympathies, and 
the prayers of- their brethren at home ; our forefaUiers girded w ^ 
tikui loins, took their staves into hand, and w«nt forth to att^^. 
, and drive the destroyer, from his prey^ They were pcrBoadcd that ~ 
the Lord had sent them, that he would show them the way, aE^it 
them in their wor^ and crown it with sucoess. They Huccessfiilly 
uiTsded almost every heathen country at all widiin their reach.. 

Nor was this all. Even in their own fathcr^nd, though hermet* 
ioally sealed against every endeavor of any denomination^, saviiig 
oikly those allowed and established by law, they found means tt" 
labor through the Diaspora work.. This work oonfined itself alto- 
nlher to endeavors for the sptiitual building up. of the people in.^ 
uie most holy faith of the scriptures,, while it entirely avoided 
everything oslculated to draw the subjects of this work into eccles- - 
iastical connectiDn..with us. Ihe memlieis of the national chsrcb- - 
ee, who thus came into connection with ue, were always faithfully 
mmed not t«r leave the communion of their own. churches, but 
pimotoally to attend upon their mintatrations, and strictly to obey 
their behests. This work the Lord has likewise crowned with suc- 
Msa. Nor can. we find ,«iuiy more christian efforts of a umilar - 
ohaiKoter in the history of the Church. It seems almost to stand ' 
ftlone, exhibiting a sublime spectacle of.thb most di^nterested la- 
bors, .in the midst of a generation almost oniversally bound down .' 
by ^e degrading fetters of a heartless selfifihness. In it we may 
Bca what uie tptrvf o/ Ch¥ut may do, and h6w signally it (rinmpItB - 
over the jpiT-i* o/j>ar(y. 

Although - this activity was going on^ the Church in christian-.^ 
lutds, as a distinct separate biidy^ contiuned to her own detriment ' 
to maintain BiL^exelasiTe character.. It has always been thought - 
tteoeapnry to copy the plan of "the original German congregations, . 
erennrhen. we wen founding chorohes infinsland' and America. . 
Whether dicomstencM demanded the engrafting of this character - 
man onr nev-clnnches or not, it was nevertheless done. Men ait ■■ 
alfnjB partiaL t» the institutions with which they have heretofore - 
stood ia oonneetian, and thi« must be the ezcvse of oiu good ' 
&thers, who first phHited onr Church oa^the free shores of Amar- - 
ua.. The prininple of the Chuiohiii ^Europe, that we are not a 
distiact C^iroh organiiatMai. Hot merely a society jnth^ Church, . 
Mtd as Booiiypxa not meant fir.the masses, was thus unhappily en- 
Bafted wptm OUB ;^nBg Zion-hersi Her activity has thereby b^a. ' 
' latifedL-her.flMrgiM orqipltid> and- her < Epiiiliial lifo well mgh ex- 
tingwuied.;, for. we da^k-ila.ppiioip^ di>e^j_.gstaadsd.lik.ltM 

nff nuuranes ma.&&ftRoir «r ttmatti*',- 

eteiiul trptt of fSgi, titM filinBt'i ^wqjM ' ean 011)7 9oqri^, ^' 
pct^rtipn |w th(7 in>^ for die nlvitioit of osiers. Vina iritm 
oAer denomiuttiow biive Sled onr jotmg ooontry witli' olraKliM 
Mid prewbeTi) T^ ^"^ ^f tiio lut Sf^y 7<*^i Hcarcrij retdit^ 
anr oini- Tes, Mtd wiiile oar (%vr(^ tb Q^niwDr, tJiKn^ tli« 
K^Bpora wori, and w EnglftBd, by twaJreaHig &□ interaet Tn onr 
cxtenoTe iniRmonary efforts, has exsted to K\ne pqrpoae, k appnn 
to na ibat it will be dtfficnlt for any one, to pomt to the greai good 
we hare done in ttit« cotntry. I» oar of«iion<, and th*i opinimy 
. ire decUre tndj, tboi^b wHh eadieie, Ibe Brethren's Ohnreh .ii» 
it America, has been, comparatively eprakiDg, ^mleis, pont)eVi and 
thiitieaB. Wo therefore protest affiusst tibat.view of otir> flhnn^ 
' M often ppt forth, that it n not a distinct a«d iadepeadent Ohprehr 
bat rather a spdetj in the Cbnrch. Political veceanty has oai^aed 
rhe aasnpiptiott of that character is fitmpe ; no snch neceasiil 
exists here. Aad we do not deem it in principle, oorreet at aH^ 
that snch can be the tnie character of any Chnreh, in any oonntfF 
wbataoeTcr, but rather think that exery eeeleeiaatical body, having: 
its own instituted ntiniatrj, m a separate and distinct Church bo^^ 
and independent branch of the great Cbnrch nnirersat, bound by 
ih*cxplieit command of the Lord Jesos Christ, uttered in thit 
wlcmn moment, when he was abont to part with- his disciples, anf 
return to his father's immediate presence in he«Ten : " Gki ye intO' 
all the world, and preach the Giospel to every meatttre, baptiti^ 
them itt the name of the F»ther, the Son, and tie Hbly Gh«rt" 

Some may regret, that the Church nntTcrsal, is diVided iqto so' 
mtmy Satinet branches, bnt as such seeraeth beat in the pron^ence 
nf.Qot^ we aasHme that all these branches should have the nme 
);eucml character, exercise the same lofty fon^ons, and perform 
the sune great doties. 

^Ehoagh the oUvkw is stiH' maibtune^ qmong oar churches ini 
Knrope generally, and in Anterica partially, iitis evident that <nir 
fellow Cbristiaw every where Bseribe unto ua that same character 
which they attach mto thenwelves, and wkich rigbtfally belonga 
Vo all. 

Ve liiiTe d^lt so long npon thw subject, because we beliefs 
ffiat ft has had ant importtuit inflnence on the praotioe and progress 
of the Church. We wieh to see the pHncmle of of)r ntdependent 
^ition, OS a distinct bnnoh of the Christian Church universidly 
' nbt^ning, and ua^nimonsly. acknowledged. We wish to see the 
Church not only proclafming, bnt eyer aiid ererywhen priotiodlj 
earryibo ontthe princTirfe: " oar foid w (Ae worfd'" and irtere- 
t4iat field has not yet been ooeopiM, we deem it not 01^ onr priv- 
ilege,, hut our dnty to eMei and popoesv f be land in our Im^nioM^ 

Th«sa onr vSews, as we (old themv atd ^ vre v^ Ukam vnABr- 
Mtood, bear no Motoriui cbaiactcnritabKieTer. !fhey wn RSders* 



ImelMeB At TMW9o^•ll ohrisMun ontaife vt ou fidd, and it 
tt^ »fpf ftiu^, to o^n' that' they: i^hoDU em hitve been 
^MfJ^d udm^'OB^ iiideed we thjak that «qt eyea dbe fooet intclli- 
g!ifit:Uimbeta_oi othor denomuiitioaB oh at ,al^ oomprehoid tiM, 
<)&Kf.W*i trhioH kis in fomer (imea ao.geaeEtl^ |>reTuled, and 
irhlcb we eadnot lilow Co be a sound one. 

We deaii« it thenfore to be tfistinetl j anderstMod, thnt the chat- 
«et«T irbidb hst heretofbre b^n ap^M to ont Clnirch, and which 
moU mako ber a mere society ih dm Chiiroh, aad not a Chnrch 

Siroper, is in oar View, at the present day, snd in onr eoantry nt 
east, infippliiiable- aild nninteuigible. We think we aHe the nn- 
■TdidaUe uld lUtal coneeqn«nc«a of thia priiicipte in the prostrate 
trad deiafi'^'^ condition of o\ir body, and we deQidedty deprecato 
•U endesTMs tbroi^ onr Ghorofa Hiaeellasy, to re-cngrani it npon 
ttH. ■ 

. Bnt we proceed to a few remarka i^n the pecutiar miguon of 
Ife^OhiiRib to which we b^losg. '^' Wbttt is its mission ?" baa been 
atdod, and answers come Irom eTery mde. Now we think that the 
MUlwer to:.t^ia question may bo protlti^Ie ot ut)pr<£table, in aceord- 
■Bce with the ^int and object witb «tbich He investigate. Saok 
S'tmbjeet^ia ^wtcys an hitereeting one, bnt it necasBarily demtnds 
4^' as nrat^ pmd6aii6 ftiid inipnrtidiity in oir inqai>y> otiierwiafc 
tteil^ ont reisoning may be pbinsible, And rac ideas ingeniana, 
tU^ wiU bb nertber Botad nor profitable. 

' ne oneBtiDB choold bs ukad not with a vi&w to eicape i^«tt 
4a^, bin i«tber iritii ike ^axpom t^ fnl^ esplonog, a«d fHithfolly 
■pm^raangii; nor vitb the object of -rain aalf adnlation, but in 
wdor sttlotly to iofl^re into onr afaoFtoomings, and with Qod'v 
^[noe to amend ovr w<ayi. 

We may n^dily reo^i^se tb4 peoidiar minuon of onr Ohordi a 
MBtnry ago, bat ire think it imposaible for any man to give it fOr 
tile oeiitnry to jDoifta. We niay watch the " rigna of the tiffles," 
1«^ ieepi^ ibto the iMMa of loe Gfaarch in general, aa well aaintD 
tka ijMottliir' oon£&n of mr ewa branch of it, we may weigh 
prObab^Ues, tad iwnibitifie^ and clooely compare tbe present 
irittkthe Mrt, &e eXfierienw of yestdnhry wtth that of to-day, and 
ftMnd-an satid|i»tioia with re^irA to dte motiow taay be most 
enonooqa. Etco the ataUantan may investigate, and anallw, and 
^amptter Utd iotm * leMooablb judgement lAih regard td ^nga 
la timi io fiu- at tbtQr am «mii«ot«d with his own departmeiit of 
lalto^'atid:ia avast mi^ri^ of oases, bis prophecy is not borne 
dot id the fnlBlHient, Tho poet said it, and thongh said by a hh»« 
adjitaAradlMDUia trae; "liliem is a divinity whieh aha^ our 
Ovil^V mA &W> hia detnuona and appointments, most fregneatlf 
SMSpbQtedk Atn ifl no ftf^eat. For a very wise pOrpoM, Sod has 
4i^ad ^e fiktue from Qnr oyea^ Stillbebas.^Venns assffieient 
hwwb%9'(rf«w4tf^«> lAanDstliMl (^VA, and ittrvotfaiwd 

: if 8 ' imurtHOUB DBCLuuinoif oi wanuarua, 

'intiM woHsjdmdyqvoted; "QojaintoaU tbe woiHtUjmtAh 
the Gospel to cTeiy creature." Depeod'^Dpoii it, the most uwent- 
'-«as speculmtitiDi of nun will slwaja psTUke of his fraiHua. Tb^ 
may sometimea ooinicide with the wUlof Odd, Mpaeially when w* 
uk liffht and knowledge of the) Lord, and look for it in' hia hook, 
but, ^ai, they too often eommit na to a nnBtaken and fittftlpoliey. 
-Oar duty thw^ore, da plun — «nd"no mm need ai^: "WhMie 
I itr'NorahonlBhe stand in theJwar<ifitsperfonuanee. Webdiere 
- that whencTer our leal is chewed b^ any eoaagementa with nun- 
. mon, the Lord will retire, and hia bleasins will bewi^ibeliJ. 

Several points have been .given aa distinctiTe aid pecnliiir fe*- 
tuna of onr B rath ran VOhnrch. It iwaa the declaiation of some 
' .great, man that " words are thinga," md so they are, not only !■ 
high wroagbt and paauoiiate a^peala, but likewiae, and emeoially 
. in all diaouaeions upon polittoal, legal, pbiloaophioal, aocuu, or n- 
ligioua flubjecta. Now we -find tfce'vords ^'diatincfiT^ and peculiar," 
d^ned by loucographers as referring to aomething belonging to 
' one party, with exolusian of o^ors, nwming a distinct and sepanto 
-feature, borne by one, and not by the oUier. When ws'therefon 
■aay, it is onr diatinetiTe and pecniiar niiaaion toqtroolum the Lonl'i 
death, to preaoh the atonemeiit)tto be ativingcongregation of Jems, 
'to labor in the misnonaiy field, we think that we -are not only 
.gtoady culpable, ki exhibiting a great want of charity, bat an 
ninly arrogating a oharaoter of high exoellenoe, which we at the 
'Bame time deny to all others. And long disquisitions on German 
.'TBtionali^, and the general deoay of vital godliness at the begin- 
.■ning of the 18th century, will not save us from the just impnta- 
..-tion of having made on usgeneroMS and oncfaaritftble attack u^gn 
all chriHtendont. Is not this the old spirit of -Bectariamam' whioh 
we to mueb oeumre in otbere, and which m iftethey, are sornnoh 
tempted tofeshibit ourselvea f If otheis do not leeent theae moat 
' oomplaeant opiidona of ouib, it will be beoanae they amtrehoidjict 
very fatal ntolte. :They may read them with not alittle surprise, 
but will let them pass, as it is quite evidoit, they can do no harm. 
And with ibis abnost J^wnese excluarenesi, «rhst will beoimie of 
that other favcriteidea, so often dwelt upon, that at isour petsliar 
. miaaion to offer the-hand of kindnaes to true believers of all ulkei 

That the beandfut idea «t an Evangt^oal AUiaiioe has not <mij 
been held, bnt practical^ cenied out inllie Bre Ar^'s Chnrob, m 
more thMi 100 years, we cannot^belimre, b«emue we Me notl^fiteL 
Hiat this opinion is baaed npon our dfaaraoter of a mere society ia 
the Churoh, we may readily understand; but aa we cannot find that 
- character actually in existenoe, we dare not make the above aswp- 
' tion even in theory. Onr practice is still more i^^inat it, beoanae 
"of our great exclneiveneas, and almoat entire separation from the 
vmvrld. The peenliarhiei irf the (%w^ have beeo^jaoch dlwnwrf 


^ffiverf Okmicli will lmv« aome maiked ^nliuidds, bat ibey are 

>~not iJw&js ewiily described. 

When weapea^ of petioluuitiea we Iwve reference, net so moch 

..-to extemab, as to the ipirit of the Church, distingDif^iig it from 

' otJi«rB. That we preach Ohrist cracified, is certainly a matter for 
innch thankUneaa, bat weare atill ni6re grateful unto'Godthat 
thiaiB-notpecaliar to U»e Brethien'B Church. 'We praise theLord, 

■ that other evangelicai Clnirches do the same. And here let us be 
distinctly understood that we deem it not only most important, but 

' abioltUelif xnd-upentible-ia the preaching of the O-OBpel,- "that we 
determine not to ^ow any thing, Rate Jeens 'Christ, and him cru- 

But what oonstitutcB "preaching the crosa?" Merely to speak 

■ much of it, does not. Frequently to dwell upon the det^ls of the 
Savior's crucifixion, does not. No, and the mere esplanation of 
tJie connection between Christ's death raid the einner'B hope, doet; 

■ -not. "The preaching of Christ crucified;" who is sufficient for 

this work ? It is a savor of life unto life, whenever faithfully done. 
Though what we are about to say,' may seem a most presumptn- 
'iina and unwarranted assertion, an assertion which has already been 
made, bnt most emphatically denied, truth compels us neverthele^B 
to make it. We believe that " the word of the Cross," has been 
proclaimed among us in a one-sided manner, and not "according to 
the proportion of faith." How can we otherwise explain the cir- 
cnmstajioe, that our preaching is so little awakening f , Old John 
"Wesley accosed bur ancient brethrea df 'being rhajSodical, (if' we 
ms^coin a word, h^s own we do not remember) in their discourses. 
'It IS Bomeliniea siud that we are not in the halDit of being system- 
alio in onr disconrseB. True, very tinje, — and may not the remark 
'be extended ? Are we always plain, clear, decided and intelligible ? 
Are we not in the habit of confounding one great subject too much 
with another ? in one breath, speaking to ear audiences as slnnerH, 
in mch t^rms ae involve actual impemtence, and in another addrcBs- 
'ing them as children of grace, who have made the most happy ex- 
perience. And this is done not only in our pnblio preaching, bnt 
:in our more pnvate meetings, when we only meet communicant 
brethren in the Lord's hoase. Do we not sooAe where we ougkt 
-to expose the aw&l and damnation — bringing eormptiou of the 
human heart ? 'Ob proclaim it, proclaim it from' the house topa, 
-" ory aloud, spare not, lift, Bp thy voice like a tmiopet, and aheir 
■my people their transgresaiouB, and the house of Jacob their sins," 
■we have beennurtuiing the poisonous serpent ABtimonianism in' our 
midst, uid the deadly virus already affects ns in every limb. Oh! 
let self adulation go to the winds, let airy and fanciful Bpeeulation 
-be entirely discar^td ; stop, oh stop all anprofitable discourse, and 
lot us go eoroestiy to work, for we are on the brink of the precipice, 
and b^ietisis tteyavnii^-galf (tf'p«rditipa.. And-is this mere 


our ftiidrt who willhaTe die temeritjtodenyit? Wb^Aeprewk- 
,iag vf the oTose nraat be, iil beet AeUk 1:^ wW it is meitnt to pro- 
dnee. It ii to ovenrhelai the auaet with tie twakeaipg ooMeion»- 
■uew of un, aad the ksowlectge <rf ita exoeediag ekifulnees. It is 
to produce a godly iottow sot te be repented of ; — it ia fo t«soh 
him to OTf ; " wMt most I do to be Baved." Wlien prooluimed in 
til its fair and heaTenly propOTtaooB, is its &r>reaeluiig import, aad 
is all ite wide ooa^hennTetieM, and ewendal integrity, it will 
jelfeot tbiB. It haa done, and is still doing it, and will ever continoe, 
till ite neat work on eartJi ii aceomplialtwi. Bat it is not only 
awakeuiBg; itia likewise instrociive, pointina; the trembling sinner 
ti tiie only means -of salvatiw, the Lamb of God that taketh away 
the una of the world, and ean only be consolatory, when the Loid 
has proaoanoed over lis the great absoluSon, when old things have 
jiassed awaj, and ail things nave become new. It teaches the child 
.of God to know in whon he heiievea, and furthers the diTine work 
:in his BOnl. It has to do with saint and sinner; with the law and 
the gospel, with God's grace and man's duties. It unsparingly ex- 
poses and condemns ein, threatens wratli, reveals God in his even 
attribute, and declares all Mb dealings with men. It speaks witn 
a thousand tongues, and is calcolated for every case of depravity, 
'and presents a cure for every disease of the sonL Ite grand aim 
ia to make man feel the want of a Savior, and briiig him into a 
blessed participatjon of Christ's atoaing nerits. The " word of 
the cross," is a sword ini^ty anddiarp, yea, "it Is quick and 
powerful, and sharper than aav two-edged sword, piercing even ta 
the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and 
marrow, and is a disceraer of the thoughts end intents of the 
>faeari." The " wwd of the croes ;" we blniit its edge, aad narrow 
it down to the most dwarfish dimensLODS, we dissipate its terrible, 
but likewise heavenly sifnificBnce, and rob'it of ita superbnman 
and inexplicable power, when we do not take it, aod handle it in 
its whole scope, the scope of the entire Scriptures, for every thing 
in. the Bible from Gcneds to Belelation belongs to it. 

When /^eakiog c^ tae Beoesdty pf presenting tlie Go^tel aocord- 
.ing to tke iffcywrtioB of &dtb, we were fordbly reminded of the 
AKellent a^n«iitions of Kish<^ Maollvain of Ohio, in his eermon 
ddivered at die oonseeralion of the present Biehop of Delaware; 
aiid for the beo^t i^ all our brethren, we will quote a portion of 
the passage to which we allode. He says : — "In the doctrine of 
the Goq>el, t^iere is ^prefortton of importoMce; some parte more 
^omlneii), more naeeasary, while none ca& say to any, '{ I have no 
Aeed of thee;" all "compActed together by that which ever^ joint 
Bwpplieth," all noorished by t^e same centtal fountain, sAtmated 
iyonepidae, depmding on one head, ev^ Jesus Christ, "from 
iih<»aikU the body by Junta and iMiKlshwiagfiDsriahmeBtiaiiiia- 


Mred ud IcwttagsAer, jmieMM 1(11^4^ '^Brene nr-Qod." Tv 
])eeMlii the ^Ih, in Hda, ita ri^bt sKape trad impoitaaoe, is-K^reat 
^ty. AJI we sa; may be Boripbural^ ve may ksep baok so siDgle 
feature of iko whole body <^ revested tFa& ; and y«t our reppesec- 
bUions may be 00 confused, difgointed, iinBhap«n; the greater pointa 
BO hid in the undae jirominence of the leas, meant bo coofoimded 
with. en<fa, the atrMm of life with its: channels, the gymptom* of 
heallh vtA iu pnjMniet, ontwud metien witk inward life, the 
mode of professing wilJi the mode of obtuniag graoe ; no separate 
statement BObHie, out each in its relatire bearij^ so oonfnsed, as to 
lo&Te an impreBsion soaraeljE better than'that of positive error." 

The btdaion is beginnisg to be genwal, that in this great worif 
of ri^tiy dividing the word, we have not beeasi^cienuy pmdeat 
and Mthfd. The disoneeion on this subject in the Synod ef 1S48 
h an GTideuoo of it ; and though for tite sake of humony good 
4 men will often seek to compnnsise or ex^Jain away, peinte <rf dif- 
ferenoe, they will rise again and aoain aad dranand a soriptaral 
decision. We for our put, moat decidedly- deprecate all such eoms 
womises, they may bring peace, but it is tbe repose of death. 
How opposite to .the prineiple of the Go^l. Mark the words of 
ttio 8aTi(a : " Think not Uiat I an oome to bring peace on earth; 
1 am not oome to send peace but a sword." How literaJly^ihaTe not 
tbese words of aor Sa^or been fulfilled, iriicneverthe Chnroh hsft 
been faithisl. 

There are other< pecnliiiritieB ueribed to ma Chnivh, which we 
snist confess we camot either aj^ireeiate or traderataud. We refer 
to the poailMa whieh has been assignffd to oar Church in- her rela^^ 
fion to other Gbtp-obes. It has been said that she stands in die- 
Btiddle between ogposite extremes. This seems certainlj^, »t fiist- 
aighttobea TerjT' desirable keatioii. B«t let na examiW; We 
know of no safe iwddle way between the broad and the narrow. 
When we s|teak of a Church, as travelUag eitiier of these roadsi 
we speak of itasdeingso in tbe a^«gate or is the main. Churches, 
being made vp of men u)d women as their component parte, may- 
roasooably be expected to partake Of thrir fitolte. Ther^bre our 
allusion in<this ease, to the broad and-Danaw way is not at all in- 

^e Bomm Ghnrch and ite kindred Fnseyiain, we believe to be 
institutions, in which ihe narit of uBregeaerate man hu tike a vile 
leaven, been-working until, ij has-leaTened th«nr whole mass. They 
are emphatieally of the toorld; stupendous stracturea of 'snpersti.' 
tiouB, cemcMted by the worst of viceB^jrith some of the most de- 
grading featurefl of heathenismi engrafted upon Uiemj by m^'a 
restkaa aod jfUlijr'ainbitieB. Oii weedier iisnd we lo«dc»en the 
furilM Cborahes; aa-tneet^maeatly lAlies], fiulfcfid' bt tbei^ 

fofltoilig his^gmkt d^y of tdUImiiuiI glt^j And B<iQ w^ aie'rep-*- 
nesMitod as BtautUne buf mj betveen PimtaniBm and Fnsfyiani,.. 
Wf PnritaDB, and half Puaejiten. This mtut-be meant, or noth- 
ing at all. We for our part, deolara it aa our ooniiction, and we 
trust ve maj aot err, that thia it not at all the position of our . 

We oonfeas ve are i>»t philoeopbera enough, to gire a pcoper 
place in the christoan 'household to the.differeut sectionainto which, 
the GhuToh is divided, and to' say who stands npon the extremea, 
and who in the middle. We are not able to trace the leadings of 
the Lord with them all, nor can we, nor would, we under any cir+ 
eumslanoeB undertake to define explicitly, the distinc^JTe mieuon of 
eaeh, and how the aggregate of all gftea to make up the entire woric 
which the Lord deedres to see performed ; we rather take the com- 
mon sense view of the matter. We can never have fellowsbip with ■ 
such as' requixej besides the Scriptures, another- revelation of God's , 
will, — and whose system, as a ualuc^ consequence, ia overloaded 
with the iuventioDS of men, to the almost entire suppressioa oS 
tho great fundamentals of the Gospel. We believe that the Brelji- 
ren's Church baa alwiays opposed this human system, and ever, . 
even amid blood and fire, been- a most faithful and canspicuons - 
iri(n*M of the truth ax it is in Jevug. Her whole history is one 
;reat protest against the Romish heresy, and she must have sadly 
leclined, and strangely altered her speech, if she can now at all he ■ 
assimilated to Fuaeyism.. 

In speaking of a middle poutton< between- extremes, we are for' 
cibly reminded of the solemn words of the Lord, addressed to a 
phiueh in. Apostolic times, oeonpying this yery plaoe. "And to 
the angel of the Church of the Laodiceans write ; These things 
eaith ue Amen, tiie fiuthful and true witnees, the beginning of the 
creation of God; I know thy- works Aatthon art neither cold mr 
hot. So thsD-^fKOUM thou art luieeKormf andneither oold nor hot, 
t will ^ue diee out of my mouth." 

^nt we have drawn out this artiole unto an unmoal length.' 
Nothing but our solemn' im|ffe8eion of the importanoe of nght- 
views uppn all these topies, has induced as to overcome our reluc^ - 
taiice, and give to the pnblio this expreeaion of our principles. We 
disclaim all dispoHtitm for controvMsy) ea we are aware Uiat such 
a «[urit is most pernicious, but when great questions ue in the pro>- 
cess of being discussed, and finally decided, only aconsoientious re- - 
gardto duty must dictate the course which we pursue. 
, In conclusion we beg leave to address an. appeal to our eastern" 
brethren in behalf of the West 

.We are not disposed to confine the Qome Miasiouafy efibrts of 
«arpt|andi to the W«et,,oor is it our wisb^httt more ^uHbe 
dona in tbis part of our «p<nitry towanls the extensioii of our ZioiM 
Idi^ta elaawhece ;. but we still maat deplaie onr im(7«aBon4h«ti^i>^ 

OF mtf yneSMss moamts'. coxhbince. S8S 

IB at {treseot the nost-iinpsrtknl) 'field dpen to m. W^e lieEeTe.d)^ 
Choroh Bbonld ooeupy & great porGnii of it ; she Biunild.del^enBine 
by God's help- to conqusT it, irliatflTer may be tbe condition' tir 
origin of lt« population, ' Of coarse .we ahoold ever Jteep ia viev 
the old Inbrtoal principle of the Brethren, to seek the lost she^Pr 
and not under any cironmBtanoes te interfere with the efibrts of 
odier OTsngelical chnrohes. 

It haa pained is to find ;that many of our ministerial bretliren in 
the East are loth to oome over to our Hacedonia to help na. We 
beg t^em not to permit TKgne ^prehenaionH of fevers and oonrom^ 
tions, nof feara t^at.they may not be competent to tbe wonts of onr 
oontmunity, oa aoconnt of their Kreator proGciency in one langoage 
than in the other, oraninezougabte longing for tho-honoi^ or cmohi- 
mente of onr older churches in the E&at, to hcep thetii back. — 
Whenever (^portnnity presents, we trust our brethren will come. 
And we hope that our 4ear bre^ren of the Provincial Confcronces 
will not be induoed, under any. drcumstances, to retain the choicest 
ipirite in the Chnrch at homo. No, we need just such men hero; 
men of talent smA piety,'^^ ^ood ^fts and a tharaUgh eduoadon, 
but at the same €me imbued With a large portion of Ood's good 
■{nrit. Qf oouree mere worldly accomplishments, without deep and 
■kving spiritual experience, connected as they always are, und^r 
Aese ctrcnmstattceS, with a proud, vain, and weak spirit,' though 
oAen Boi^ht after and much applauded, suit neither here nor els^- 
vhene; tor just aach men are aft encumbrance upon the Church, 
' and an^ people who are aSicted With them will soon feel the sad 
and gnevouB reeulte which invariably accompany 'them. 

We hope, therefora, that ««r oentnl Boards, and the Ohnroh in 
the East,' getiemlly, will be mindful of Aai brethren in the His- 
riasippi Valley; that they mi\ bear with them, send them.aUe 
men to assist in the great wi^k to w4iioh the- liord has appointtd 
tiiem, uid be wilting, likewise, to aaaiBt by their p«yers, and-wlun 
•pportoaity offere, by AetF oontrihationB. We are thankful for the 
•any evtdeneeBtrf their kind, benerc^ent and br»^rly di^wsition. 
We ^j that.tbe Lord may reward Aen, that he may 'in gm: 
; mvny regard tbem and as, aad e>able all to do his will and be in- 
'%tni)neotalitifartfteringhiaeaue,aoiiiiteMfiiig{Rsiingdom npra 
tartk. ■ 

'se of this article, spoken our 'minds freely, 
Uy. We have no controverwes with men, 
ind defended principles. We are not certain 
ttbers wrong, bnt we humbly present tliese 
id believing that, by a friendly intcrchan^ 
; cause may be advanced. 
d«lslun.taiBllter brethrea ia A* JSut and 



tcU^^'Miiaibe ontidvnlbMr Enroled, IMinA mChntt. 

d/%e (fbi^ amovti 'Ue A«dA«t, tU 'Oitbf 'rtetM anWtetfUMf 

Hie Indian Gongregfttion located mt New F&irfielcl has, during 
tlu'juiiBt year, beeB'pennltted'to'piiisiie ito oonne as astuJ, with- 
oitaoy events ooovmng deserving of Bjpecial notice. A printed 
report of ^e visit of ^wo jnembera of the P. E. Conference to this 
sUtipn'has f)eeB' published in the Miscellaay dnriHg the last IfTclve- 
month. Later aoconnts from theaoe^DdJoate, that this vi^t prov- 
ed a~Blesaing to oar'Indian Boclc. The meetines generaUj hv^a 
1)664 '^ attended. Even the bnilding of & Mewodiat chiucfa, 
vhlch was erecrtedby several of our renege Indiata brethren on 
a'riaing'ground.'and being'pwnfed while, is become & conspicuous 
objeot far and wide, did notbperate as a'drawback spon our church- 
goI^pfoBlA, *iio oa tiiecntatraiyamiaar' rather tO'^>precihte,fheir 
KtfiiM of Qod more fhan they (ud oefdre. £v^ \k» childrea of 
Utue.lfeoedere, including thote of their rinsleader, not only frc- 
traaot the ICoravisn, bot hl^ partioipated with 6iir AbiMren in tlieir 
Ohril^maa festiyiUes and pablicly recited tlieirhyauts. InfidditUK 
to -tlifi dw-eo^ool, kept by br. Vogkr's elder ohildron, ithiob is&e- 
-qiwte^ "7 Wbtle and Indian ohildreo, a'Stnday^^ool Is kept op, 
wti^ch Va* (bildfen vUead irith deUght. Tbay are, iufwever, Iteik- 
iflgU Sqaday-seliOol books, eapeiaally ftethe stnalln cbildren; 
wlienfore:])r. Yvf^ feels Very aaziooa'to be flimbii^ with sone, 
. wUdi would prove a great encourasement to teachers and pupilsi 

Altbon^ the older Dortion of the Indian a 
' 'w]f61n n'ndersiand the'EngliBtL language, but sel 
Jtbdoih the' aehilona delivered in the church (1 
'■t«pteteO"''iiiJUis hymns sung there; ate altttttc 
mfpH^ Btilrbtir' English hymn^WO: is inon 
fbeti;mi'tlie'Ilidtlin, , tUe'^tJlMdren a:re ^ 
EngUsh and begin td'p^i^dl^^Ayttildls £ 
reiboiU (f bhiSffir'fi]teKiftr-&-&tiLy'isBt Jl 

-t^wrattr, Wlmeftro fbr. Vaf^ vu cotinelkd to ftddreea theoi in 
<UiittT >ila6«a tM^oa, -whiak'be'^ipaBnd todo mill ooKndanbk 
-finilitok aoMB-hate -ri teiv Akwbtot, -nMthor ftidiaii Inother «i^ 
^ovad tRSufftomtdeTl^etiietofioe'of uiiitorpretar,rwbaappen« 

■OB'tha i i rhol a, oai^et^ njojedigmd haitili, witfa the exw^ 
tidn ^offt part rf- the -wi*tv'HeflMm,irheB'eoiiqilaiatoi)f;v»nooskifiaB 
Wen prevftleat ; only two adults, besides some infiuitB, are rspoFWd 
to have died daring the Imst ya». - One of these adiilta mu t, jonng 
nun of veiT donbtfol characteT, who, however, in bis djiog mo- 
menta manifested Bnaptatna 6f repentance and cried for mercy. 
-^fae «aa6 «f tbeotM? «d«lt, of -M«gdaJen, tbe dangbter oftbc 
lodiuioanple LewisABd'Angn^inajWai more e^ieeriag. She bvl 
b«ra aUing « kng-while, -wimont being oonfined to her bed. gfa'c 
'Wta a eoKOflMuiMtltBMnbeT and eAUedtomind,giat«falIy,1Jtolianr 
wben flho ms piesMit M * «Kildidate It the celebration of Ibe Lord's 
Supper, wben die Savior assnred ber, in her beart, that Iter sins 
-wemifoTKiTon. Sver eiiiee, amidst all tbe temptations and confiicts 
her mind endured, ^e enjoyed tbe peace of Qod in ber heart. 
When laid on bei-dying bed,. «he -waa- meekly resigned to tbo will 
of 4be Lord, -Bed her miiying cfmversatitui proved, that ^e Iintiw 
' in whom ^la' believed. The nearer ber end approached, tbe mori' 
her ^eounten•aee uid pro^)ectBfor eternity brightened, until eh<- 
qoiatly fell asleep on ^e 3d <^ May. 

. There Kppeara in ^general, abetter Gpiritto be prevuling through- 
'OVt tbeooBgregMioD, tbas during tbe year previous; in proof 
wkereof we uar mention, t>bat oar 'pe<^Ie of their onn accord 
^[qtlied'to-tfce Stqwiintendent, Col. Clinch, to empower some of 
tbur numbei, to arrest any one, who nould bring whiskey to thr 
tomt. HB'^aecx«dingly appointed two hretbren to act as^>ecili1 
■oonsttbleB. 'Anotiier cirotuaMancc tendsig to the gratification of 
onr fwople fs,-^e sore wai»s wbieb they obtain for work done on 
. the new: railnHd mnning East and West, and the. permission given 
^im, taent d«wn trees on their lend, to be used on said railroad. 
-There being na pagan Indians left, except a few straggling indi- 
*idnals,:aionnd the i^tion, tbe ccngregaiion has for years back 
been ■ without «B i&oreaie of nnmbera from abroad; and whereas 
tite.layiugionb of a railroad wiUtf)e attendedby a considerable an^- 
nmttoitionoflliewbiteipopulEttion^Uiii'will gradually tend to change 
tfaevbatMiter of 4us: missKwavr Btation, and m«st probably throw 
UiAignat tncCbf land lEBOTvedfiirlbe: Indians, whiob is for the 
Inoat'fart.^iBgimiiiqiroTklt-istootliec bands. Thnebttd ab-ea^y 
been aoue talk and probabilities, UiM tbeportion of ^e-Iud l^hf^ 
'^Bvrth'ofi Ae^iM-i-wkenibe town nf OU I'airiisld^ stood and the 
~ddM«]fm&iBJMsl»d/wm 1wn«B3ied.'(0'g«vttnmnt,'.w^ 

-iMMfil of the iBdians.' A |Mtition is to bo fraHixA' to aOTwn- 
•mwit for a doiMtica of aboat 2M aereefor &a bnefitof -ua.)ni0- 
'Rign, out of this ttact, iicludiagithe araa oes^riaiiig Old Bair^M 
■and the ffvnymti, which wooldiia this -W^y naain the ptoportj , 
f-of. tlte. munon. 

The weather dariag tiie preaeilt ■tmnaer faas been nauwtll; 
vwum awl diy ; jet thi Orope of ha.j aad wheat have tiirae4 oUl 
- w^ ; Indian com, howMror, yielded a good eiop< <mlj in thq low 


The Indiaa mlgmon at Weetfield has pawed throngfa anoUier 
. je»T of eore and tiding exp^evoe (or the mianonary conple sta- 
tioned there, bo that in one of th«ir letters tiiey compare their mt- 
nation to that of the Israelitee, when they had Pharaoh's imntteal 
. host behind theh, and ^e Bed sea before tliem, and both threaten- 

- ing them with inevitable deBtrwotien. 

In our report of 1S51 we mentioned, that onr Indians, (16 yean 
ago,) \eft New Fairfield in Canada, in pnnraanoe of an inritatiim 

. from their kinam^, the Detawafe^ to settle down on a tract of land 
awarded'to the latter by goveivnient, while they were nnder tht 
impreaatdli that said tract aotuaUy belongedto their kinsmen ; bnt 

' dtat aooording to a late measurement it appeared t^at it lay within 
the bonnda of the tract ceded to the Wyandolfl. The latter imnte- 

- diatdy laying claim to it, our Indians were ncdified daring tbs 
■ ooors? of tiis paat year, that they must leave their settlem^ 

against spring. They were now aooordingly bent upon Ifiddag 
out for another station to locate themselves, where they would M 
no longer considered a« guests in a strange coua^, dependent on 
•the good will of the actual proprietor, but where they might DMke 
a tract of land their own b^ parebaae. Thc^ were . ent^ud to m- 
eompliBh this purpose by virtue of their claim npoa a donatiop fton 
the U. S. goTemment of 24,000 acres, or tJieir equivalent in B<»ey, 
said to amount to {30,000. The validity of this claim has beat 
aoknowledged by the authorities at Waahingtoo, and by Gongresa, 
during its last session ; but unfortunat^y the latter adjonmad, 
without having voted an appropriatiaa for tbis porpoae.- In ooti- 
aequence, however, of the negot^tioos carried cd with tia Indian 
. department at WaahingloR, ueir ageat in that region of conntEj 
. waS'aulJioriied to act in. tills buaneaa. He eBterad into ao oial 
oonbwit with tlie pelawares foe 10,000 acres, at 92 |>er acre, in tfae 
Bou^i east wmer of that tract, on the Kansie river, abomt 70 
miles westwVd fimn Weatfield. 

While tj)e«e negoliatianB were pesding, a number of twpleanmt 
cacuButtanan ooourrod, arijBngQMeflymHn'the ancaent t»toed'of 
t^ Hwu(q(%:80ine t£ iAoib tqgetker wadi.ihe P«lnMMa mke op 


mrXMHigNgiition at ;W«etfield, in irhich tke notorioiu Oitleon toolt. 
IL' peculiarly acdve part. For years back, these MunsejA had la- 
hiyied to become the sole possessoTs of the anouity, to tbe exclusioB-" 
of the ^Delaware portion of tLe.congr^ation; they, had once at 
least Bocceeded in preventing its diBtribution ; and now- tb«j also 
attempted to get posBeasioD of the claim of ¥30,000.. Our Indiaa 
fiockis-only known (o . government under the title of "Christian. 
Indians," without any reference to the different tribes; but thoM 
Hunseya who claim to be members of our flock, will pot consent to- 
p^rt with the particular name of their tribe, and toaeeume thegcD' 
oral name of ChriBtian- Indians, notso much out of patiiiDtisui foe 
their tribe and name as ont of a vain notion, that tbej could au- 
thenticate their claim to the aforeeaid tract, under their own naaR . 
Tho pagan Indians, who are more partial to those Munseys than l^i 
the ChriBtian Indians, and have suffered themselves fo be persuaded. . 
ttst the former would be able to maintain their right, would onlj 
eonsent tti the aforesaid land (wntract with the agent, in case it 
irero drawn up in the name of the Munseya. The agent, however, . 
without placing himself on the side of the Christian Indians, in a 
pnngent address, unmasked the insincerity and constant turbnlencr 
of the Muneejfi, declaring, thnt aa Buch, they had not part in the 
eUim. This of course changed the mind of tie Delawares, who 
oated aa little about the advantages of tbe Munaeys as for those of ~ 
the Christian Indiana, beiiig merely anxiona to get tbe money, and 
were therefore now willing to turn over the. land in question to thp 
Christian Indians. Thereupon the agent, as well as the missiona- 
ries, aided by Frederick-, the well-known native assistant and sev- 
eral other ehurcb'-membeiH, made another friendly application t(( ■ 
the Munseys, iii order to induce them to waive their traditionary 
name, and to incorporate thcmselvea with the Christian Indians, 
since they wished to be considered aa cbtuch-inembers, and sincx 
there are a number of faithful souls among -them, especially ammig - 
the females.. Some acted up, to the advice, bat others p9«tively 
declared they would not aubmif to thia demand, in the half disclo- 
sed, base expectation, that by means of thta division, the whole 
claim might be nullified; and that although they should get noth- - 
in^ the Christian. Indiana would be simil^riy affected. 

Br. Oehler was next dcaiied by the agent to furnish him with a 
list of the names of all the Christian Indians, chiefly on account 
1^ the Minnity to be diatribnted among them ah^nt this time. — 
Ninety-eight persons came forward to have their names put down 
as Christian Indians aud aa acknowledged church members, among 
whom tSOO were then distributed, being the' aiDonnt of the annnity 
for two years. 

At tke bennuiag of November of .U^t year, br. Oehler aet ont- 
«ilfi.foariObn&tiaa^dianB to Tiew the tractof Uod tbe uent hid ' 
beeiklnrsdDiiigfgr. Tl»y^rH^iedUte8i>9t^t^ third 3a>y, bat- 

ass - KBMn off wrnriiiinMMWW. 

Mxmfonal tkrt tbfa Imddid not «Mmr tbur ptrpaw; AritJr 
Bot only BOOT in timber Mid sotrjoct to frequent ioaoctatioBa, 'Inrt » 
BOBudwkMe number of Fotawfttomies baire moKomr Mtded Aowa 
tbtrv Htd cultiratcd fields, i^ho mantaiB tbit tJia Dekwaras bftd 
BO legal cltum to thig tract, and th»t tbe latter bad beades gnanA- 
teed them a ijniet powemioa theraof. Oor people Mcotdangf^ 
nnODDoed all their pretenuons to ^is taat, and resolved to i^W*f 
to tfae KickapoM, oonoerDing wboi» ifoej bad beev- htferoMd, that 
the; were wUlinc to part with BOme of their ItMd, But ^KedHig 
tike wnl poor, asa tfae timber likewiBe aoaroe, tbejr alAodn^^rad tbis 
Bcheme. Tbta six dajit' journey was rendered vmsommmiy trying, 
hj the rain which fell nnintermpledlj for four days, u well as bj 
iMor fsn and wretched night lodgings, oeeaaioiHtlly iv fersafee*-' 
Indian tents. 

In the meftntimo Bomc otberg of out people hod gono south, to- 
the Sbawnees, about the porchase of land, haTiDg understiwd tbat^ 
they were willing to bcU a portion-of tbeira. During t^e saceeed' 
ing daya, thia tract was Bubmitted to a more tboitnigh investigatioB, 
On Soding a fertile soil and timber in abundance there, <*n tbe 
boundary of the State of MisBouri, where they would not only fiad-' 
a market for their produce, bat also a ready supply fiv all Aeir 
wanle, they soou agreed to purchase fl,0(H) acres for S2 fiO per 
aore. At first the agent, as well as the Delawam, wma sadlj' dja* 
pleased at this bargain, and the former refused to ratify U. ^KU 
fexed our people to that degree, that they aliuM BBWumovly 
itedarod, aooBor than occupy t£e land the agent bad first asMg^wd 
to them -Ib the Delaware territory, they wonid eo bttekte Cwmb. 
Howererf the Bgea^&ially promised to report the natter to-WMh- 
iagton; aad in Jsnuary, of this year, news arrived tbatUioIndian 
Bureau bad BMutioBad the lukd ooatraatwidiit)ie%Mrfieea} wbieh 
BocordiogLy paaified theirritatod minds of our pooidei«gBui. 

But noW' the jmr of onr people suffered aooftier drawback, on 
learning that the ftawnees, probably instigated by traders, were-' 
■0 longer mlling tb part with thetr land, at least not at the b^b- 
lated price of {2 50, seaag that it was worth (Sat least and 
would Boon'oommand VIO; wherefore thia negotiation was, Qkewise - 
broken off. The Delawares, onibeing informed of tiiia, OBoa mora 
offered their land, for sale, Afi^ some more bargaioing, our. people 
t«loe(«d one of two tracte offered them, lying about 19 miies frttnr 
WeBtfield, to the BOTtitweat,' on the Kansas riv«r, ab buIm 6oA 
Fort Leavenworth, and half a mile from the Missouri river. Self-' 
iat«rest induced (be traders to make one ^Mt more to ftnstnt* 
thia bargain 'wntith^lB DsIihtm m ; twt while eufgmi' in s eooBcil' 
-wfth- fcwHj » Bw w egger fnm Ihe Bha wne eg a n i TeiiwsJtiteMW thw 
Vftrtf^insas-of f!(«^l>ait«>'oar pe«plei"wUdt^ff aoeqitM, -moait' 
ten4WtaMi*«aiaMtraMtindt«)r'Ae'tailK»'«o ffttM-^ht- 


-|u«OT of aatt Isdians, vUoh lad the feimer-lo oesM frov *U fur- 
tlwr mpertonitieB. 

Thia lasd, ftifttly obtained Ig our Indians u the Dekwui 
iMerve, hu it pl^auaC kaatioa' oe a £«itle deolWity, for the mM 
Mtt n fertile smI, and Well timbered. For several jearB peat tt hu 
Men the abode of the Stookbiidge or Mobegan IndiuBs, vho, bo 
About the iHlBiber of 70, arrived acre t^ut the same time with 
our ladians. fi^tiet misBioaarieB had labored among them for a 
rMHon, with a fair proapeet of Buooess ; but after a few jeara had 
^ren them vfi aa iaeoiTigible. Subsequeatl; onr nuHaionaries at 
Weetfield oooaaooall; viBited aid preached to them. Now, how 
■ever, t^ey were dwisdled down to tea, who, on receiving a compen- 
Mtion for ^leir improvemeBte, agreed to move awa^. Among thi 
:*ery nUBOOB ladiaa caUofl found ob ttuB tract, there is also a log- 

• JuM^, 10 feet a^ju^re, ^hioh t^vslg formerly eerred as a chunh, 
nriU a^ia iie used for -the same ' pnipose, tift«r nadei^ifig some 

At last thingB veie ao fa ready, that onr people -ooold remove 
tem Weitfield on Uoada;, Febniar; 2$th. But frash triala of 
tbrnr taitb awaited thuB. : Ther had to encoanter a violent and 
<0(HitiB)ied snow sto^o^ bo tliat the anew fell to a gnater depth tluui 
At an; time daring this winter. Many had to encamp in the 
woods without any aheltw. SiokneaB broke out among them, 
*Ucb, owing, to existing oiraumatanoea, assumed a malignant ohar- 
Mt«. Erysipilas and ntsasles attacked the'mostof our people, old 
■Ad jopng. In Idke ooaiee of a few waeka, eight perBons departed 
this life. One of them was Ezra and his mtnily, who bad been 
vsrj useful and faithful to the church and jjussianariea at New 
J'airSeld, ss a Obdef, a sative aaastant, a«d a good jnterpreter, 
■ilhough his ohaiaeter was sometimes sullied by infineitiea. At 
both HtattouB he had served about 25 years aa interpreter. Of Xi 
ohildrea he had iMtmght but 2 to the Weat, one of whom died a few 
di^ after his anrival; and the other, a married daughter, died at 
this time of the prevailing eryup^as. While aba was hdng 
btuiad, her notdier was in a dying state ; and before the latter was 
botied, the fiuher also took to his hed, aad jnst one week later, he 
-ms liJiewiae bonie to tho ffase. He appeared to be cordially 
«tt(K)hed'to the ohurek, and ts have acquired much self-knowledge 
oader ^ tuition of the Holy Spirit ; yet hita vanity, ambition and 
Jslf-will BomotiiBes got the betl«' of Mm, and always occasioned 
iiiaa gnat lUstnas^ Soon after his arrival, the Methodists living to 
.dM north of ua, who ara constantly trpng to prevail upon mir 
^■eple to fbnake the Brethns's church, strove hanl to bring him 
OMTilo theii* par^. But be gave them this bri^ and pertinent 
.MMwer: "IiiSreisfa«toQe'rq>entaitceaBd one- grace; aow I hav« 
Jkimi rc^entMos and graos in the Brethren's ohurvh ; I cannot 
'"' ' i in sBother ohor^; .tJucefin I ^best aftyr 

'-where I found' that !" But a camp-meeting being held at a Biibse- 
■.quent period, which man; of oar people, encouraged chieffy by the 
Hnnseys, also frequented, at a time when many wefe dissfetiBfied 
-with our miraouRrieii fin- esemiBtng diadpline, Bin likewise 
Tepaired to ^e'gnnmd. He finihwitii had 'the honor conferred oB 
him, of being appointed interpreter, and being applauded by the 
preachen for hia talent, he oould not reset fhe ap^Kal of joining 
their sodety. His name wag registered among tbeir liet of mem- 
bers; but when our brethren eamegtly protested against it, be wae 
. fnally suffered to d^nart, on the plea of his 'not haring beien tar- 
nished with a letter of ^smissioo by hia former pastor. Our mis- 
sionaries had frequently apprised him of what appeared to be his 
besetting sins. Pride and self-love were his tormentors, while he 
-was evidently internally at variance with himself, which often ren- 
dered him sad and reserved. He did not nJiah the idea of the' 
.■oeceesityof self-abasemeDt; and inaamnch ae he might be received 
among the Methodists as a good Christian, without such a radiotd 
diange of htart, he was easily taken in. Some time after, -br. 
"Oehlcr, taking him to task for his dissinnlation, he finally, aft«r«B 
int«mal conflict in his own mind, of several days' dnrstitn, am- 
•feseed : " Yoor words have greatly troubled me; they are true. Z 
had gone astray ; I was proud and would not otmfesa ; bnt at last 
my heart grew tender; for two nights past I conld do noUiing but 
fWeep!" Ihiring this confession he wept ti'oely} expressed hia 
gratitude tor the f^thfol admcoiitiona given him, and one Sunday 
■jnade a public cenfessiofl of the false slap <he had thken. Still he 
' did not feel fully reconciled ; bis obstinacy continued to be a great 
source of trouble 4o him, sod probably contributed to the fatal 
termination of his illness. For ^t«r he had left his home at West- 
field, one of the old houaea at the new atation -were oKred to him, 
which he however refnaed to occupy, saying he did'aotwish to live 
so cloee to the missionaries, and encamped hi the woodsj in spiteof 
every protestation to the coBtnry. When shortly after, a violent 
snow-storm came on, a tent waa loaned to him. Which however did 
. not anfficiently soreen him from the inelnneneyof the'weather, and 
he waa seized by the prevailing epidemic. ' His strong oonstitntdon 
. in no way weakened by the nae of ^ritoud liqaorsy (he not harinff 
tasted a drop these 25 years past,) for a1«nea{^ieuredto-withBtand 
IJte powerful influence of t^e ($sease, but Anally •encoombed to it. 
Br. Oehler called on him, and fimnd him, in a calm and comftntable 
frame of mind. His constant dedre was, to oonverae about JMu^ 
'in his brighter moments, he took a delight' in Mnaing,t notwilh- 
-standing the swelling in his throat greatly annoyed nim ; and tn- 
< quendy when delirium came on, he would seice his spectacles and 
hymnbook, and try to read; and when the 'par^g twnedidtion ww 
'bestowed upon him, he strove once more to join with'broken ae- the Verses sung on this occasion. '. H» quietly '^aslei^ 


Ifaxoh SUi, bdng the last member b^ a nmerone ftAlly. OlHy 
time of AoH dgfat pereoni, «bbk«d oome witliMiti fromF^N 
fisld, IMS yet living. 

Nod) mlj ^e Indiuu, bat alao tihe ntis^n fttmiT, and otber id- 
natei of the hbase, have, dnriag the paat jeai-, mifiered fromaiok- 
aesa. A btlione and intermitt^t fever }»revdUng last fall, and br. 
lOehler being frequently incapacitated from holdSag meeting, Fred- 
eric Bad Ezra repeatedly liad t« take his plaee, aftd were beard 
vitb attention and respect, nntil tbe fonner was also laid np, \ritb 
Ha family. In tJie spring, the epidemic above re&rred to broJto 
out, wlaeh also proBtrated br. Oohler Bcvaal we^. Such seasoitB 
of illnesa, and tJie extemal and intern^ diffionltiea before spoken 
of, have been a sore trial to the &itb and patience of onr mission- 
ariee, ecpedally dnring the latter part of the year ; bnt they now 
hope for contparatiTely more quiet times, in ccnsequence of their 
removal, and look forward more confidently to a, bnghl«r futnre. 

With regard to the internal coarse of the congregation, we can- 
only aaj, mat it was subject to many ohanges. This is owing in 
part to the peculiar temptations t« which onr Indians are exposed, 
net only fana the Mnnseys living among them, but also from the 
whit« and Indian neighbort, who try to stir up the former against 
the Christian Indians aad their miaaonaries, and to entice them 
ftway to other denominations, Neverthelea the meetings gsn^aiUy 
were well attended, even at such seasons wben eamp-meetings were 
bald in their immediate neighborhood, which usually attract a 
great crowd of people. On diSsrent ocoaeiona it was delightfol 
and cheering to trace the work of tiie Spirit of Ood on the hearts 
of individnabi ; and a neiglib(RioK muaonarj, after having one 
day preached a seraon in the charch to oar people, mve them this 
testimony : that they appeared to him to be in a fur and sound 

Great diabarbance, as osnal, resulted, when the enemy buc- 
oeeded in getting up drinking bouts in the vioini^, which was 
repeatedly done, £ro' the agency of the Mwiseys. The brethren 
OBce appealed to the a^nt to put a stop to it, but in vain. Bnt 
since our people have rentoved to their new station, they have 
pledged themaelves to the observanoe of certain rules, deagned for 
the promorionof ardor, indastry and discipline amongst thamselvea; 
D^nff it, amovg others, the datj^ of ever; individual, to destroy 
the ardent spirits that might be introduced or c^ered to them. 
When therefore Joseph EHlbuck, one of the chiefs, and some others 
brought ardent i^ints into tho neighborhood, br. Oebler and 
Frederic destroyed the Mppty and tiireatefled the chief with depo- 
sition from office. 

At the celebration of Christmas the enemy agdn lud a pbit, as 
he had done on previouB oocamona, to Ineed fstorbance in the con- 
gregation. Amcug the ninaerous auditei^ ^ ohoroh, were asreixl 


dnnken Miuuqr^ who, w&en ibe lerriM hid oommanced, benn br 
Ulfc ud lui^ alovd. AAer bdng aeriotulv, but in vun, admon- 
^ghed to k«ep qoiet, br. Oehler at unt fbnnd himself oompeUail to 
Buse tlieiKRHMtmou theiBjODeLsfi'Jukeon, a fonner inter- 
jtetf^ by the arm,. Bad aided by Fiedaria, to pot him out of the 
ohmob. Pneently one of those in the chnroh flooiished his 
tonuJiawk, and thmteoed to ^lit the skoU of tiie fint man, vho 
would dare to approach him. Seiti^ hia arm also, br. Oehler 
wreeted Hie tomahawk ont of hie hand, and thmgt him out of the 
meeting. The other rioters fn^owed Urn Tolnntarily, when they 
were mialty driven away by br. Paul Oehler and the Wrandot, 
Walker, the present proprietor of the misrion houses. Sevenl 
women now be^nning to raise a aeise, they were soon silenced by 
a «erions reprimand. AAer qoiet was restored, the rest of the 
meetings dnring the holy-d&yo, which were well attended, passed 
off widi comfort and blessing. The children recited the ChriBtmas 
hymns they had learned, to the delight and edification of all; 
having oommitted them this time at home with their parents, nith- 
ont the usual aaaistanoe of the miaaioDary. The latter was pleased - 
to observe, that none of onr people participated in the drunken 
revels usually carried on at this season by other IndianH around 

The solemn meeting at the close of the year was well attended 
by our people ; but b^ore the last serrice crowds of evil-disposed 
ladians also collected together around the ehonh. Fearing that 
unpleasant distnrbances wonld take plaea, br. Oehler proposed to 
onr brethren to dispense with this meeting on the presMit occasion. 
They, however, were so urgent to have It kept, that t^ missionary 
conld not withstand their entreatiea. The meeliiig lasted three 

homs and snstuned not the least intermption. ISaa they eloeed 
the year widi praver and praise, in confident expectation of brij ' ' 
days. * 

Thecongit^tion nombered Tt souls at the close of the year, 
-32 of whom were oommnnicant members. ' None of our people 
Bufiered themselves to be entieed away from the first meeting on 
new-year's day, by the frolics got np m their vicinity. A general 
commotion of hearts was visiUe at ofanroh; the report states, that 
not a dry eye was to be seen. The speftki^ held wiA members 
im the 5th of Jonnary, previous t« the festintl of Epiphany, was 
troly encouraging, and the meetings «n the htter day were very 

On the 27tii of Fetmiaty, the last sermon was preaohed at Weet- 
Geld, on the text: "Speak unto the children of Israel, that they 
go forward I" Exod. 14, 16. Oreat attention and deep emodon 
prevuled auons the people, which became' still more apparent 
during the ceubiatioii <a m ]i(»d'B Suppo: in the afl«rnoon. 



Tt& closed the 16 yearH* stay of onr Indian congtegatioir st Mjfait- 
fleld. 118 cfaildnn were born andiliaptized there; 29 penonsooD- 
firmed, and 155 lie bmied theie. 

On Sunday the 13th of March, divine service was kept for tbe 
first time at the new station; the sermoBOn the text "Renew our 
dajaasof old !"- was preached by br. Ctehler, under the confident im- 
prestdon that the Lord willed'l&e prolonged existence of this little 
nock, feeble and poor as it is. Hitherto' they had readed on a soil 
belonging to others ; but now tliat tftey appear to be quietly located 
on their own ground, the miBsianaiies and the faith^ members of 
their flock, trust that they will be able raccessfuUy to cope with 
both their secret and open enennes, by whom tiey bave been 
unceasingly annoyed daring the last years ; now too they will be 
able more effectually to enforce their rules and discipline. For the 
present they still have to endure various oppressive bardships ; 
their sudden removal has operated as a drawback upon Ibeir pscu- 
niary concerns, being in debt to the traders ; siek»ess, and In some 
cases indolence, prevented a seasonable onltivation of their fields in 
spring, so tbat in summer provisions were scarce and comparatively 
lugbi in price. Still, all these adversities may nunbter to their 
good; for if they fere too well, they are apt to grow careless and 
negligent. At a later period their jwxjspecta had considerably im- 
proved; their Indian com looked very promising, and berries, fit 
to be eaten, are found in such quantities bere,-that in case of neces- 
sity, they could sustain life with these alone. Living near Fort 
Leavenworth, they can there procure work at a dollar a day^ the 
military quartered there being very kindly disposed towards our 
Indians and t^eir teachers, and helping them gratuitously with 
many little jobs. 

July 25tb br. Oebler was called to s«e a sick sister, who had 
been taken ill during a visit to her relations at Westfield. The 
head of the family was a Munsey, who, witb tjie majority of Itis 
tribe, had remained ni dtat region of country. On opening the 
door, he encountered the most pitfiul d^ht. On the Sbor lay the 
man's wife and the afbresaid sistei^ behind them s child of three 
years of age, and on s bedstead tbe man himself, all so weak and' 
ill as hardly to be able to move ; not a drop of water, no fire was 
there; no provisions, except a few crumbs of corn-bread, and rags 
and filth all around. K. -Oebler -did what be could to alleviate 
their misery, by fetchaig water, making up a fire, ^ving them, 
medicine, Ac. None of their tribe came near thent, nor any one to 
administer spiritual consolation to-tketn. Since our people left the 
place, the heathen sorcerers have been tqit busy among their 
uck, many of whom have since died, ^nden ^dr hands a certain 
man died, -who had lefl the obnroh wiith' bis flunily, and who haA 
■ince manifested an extremely hostile disposition towards our 
people^ Anotbet^ wboj when many had apoststUed^ had inum- 


phynd j boated Uutt new tha Hofkvkns wonld «odii In ruiotd, 
«^ to ^ misenbla end aboRt tJuB time. These Mwasays, who 
Save been followed vp bo joutf jeare witb -witold patieuoe, are 
«t pt«aent wUhoat 4 tem[ie, witaoat land or home, no one cariog 
for them, except psnbmoe a Bntbren's ntMuoimry. Oideon, tbek 
' ksder, had gone to WaabiwIoB, as he boasted, to aecomplish a 
great deal for the benefit «f lUB oonatiTmeA; but aboat this time 
£e retunaed, iritho«t hsnag efieotod asy^uog, and is the most 
deplorable oonditioB. Distrasiiigly paiuol aa these mmiag 
ezsmplca of such reprobates are, it is the mora cheernig to meet 
with o^§es of a contrary kind. Thns, fev instance, tbc mtBsioD- 
ai7 reports, that the above mentioned hen Jackson, w^ had dis- 
turbed the meetii^ at GhriBtmae, letnmed and craved foigivenesa ; 
and that, moreover, die young man vho had flooiiBbed bis toms- 
hawk on the some occasion aod thieatened to kill his opponent, ose 
Sonday apj^red in the puUio meeting, and with tiembling lips 
and a c9Btnt« heart, made a confesdou of bis uoa and of his &itfa ; 
wherenpon, receniug the necesnry InBlmclJons, he was embodied 
into the church by holy bapUsm, and sat down at the feet of Jesus. 
The whole transaction made a deep iii^resdon on all that were 
witnesses to it. 

In this manner the Lord continaes> from time to time, tu 
strengthen the hands of his sensnts whca they begin to gro^ 
weak, and re-animates their leal and cownge in proaecnting tbeir 
work, amidst snrroonding difficaities and continual drawbacks. 
We cannot, of course, expect to read of great doingB amoi^ the 
Indians, especially where they are exposed to bo many adverse in. 
fluences. Bnt the spirit that animated onr primitive missionarieE, 
wbo were willing and ready to eoconnter every difficulty if they 
coold gain - bnt erne sool for Christ, ought to jwevail continually 
among our misuonaries among the Indians, in order to keep their 
fainting hearts and hopes alive. 

In respect to the mission among the Pawnees, which appeared in 

irospect abont two years ago, we can only state, that soch prospects 

entirely disappemd for the present. Onr readers will ^^^" 



iritk ft utios that is npicUv and inenatiUj pK^Mnn^ anf" ex- 
tending its borders, and toe more, there&re, etv miBmonary 
MtivitT among them: aeBomea a peooUar modifioitioa, -the more 
every Chrislun, who sympathins in their veal asd woe, will feel 
induced to remember in his feirent prayers, botli the congregation 
and its laborers, as veil as those wno constitute the migeiottary 
board, that tlie Lord wonld manifest to tfaem his will, and grant 
them wisdom and grace to understand the intimations of his prov- 
idence, and to act agreeably to Iiis nund. 

Prayer is the soul's sincere desire utter'd or unexpreBs'd, 

Ilie motion of a bidden fire tliat trembles in the breast. ' 

Prayer is the burden of a sigh the falling of a tear, 
The upward glancing of an eye when none but God is near. 

Prayer is the simplest form of speech that iultmt Hps can trj- : . 
Prayer the snblimest strdu that reach the majesty on liigh. 

Prayer is the ChrisUan's vital breath, the Ghristiao'B natiTC air : 
His watchword at the gatesof death, he enters Heaven with prai/ffr. 

Prayer is the contrite sinner's voice returning from his ways ; 
While angels in their^song rejoice and cry " Behold he prays !" 

e Son sweet fellowship they find. 

Nor prayer is made on earth alone, the Holy Spirit pleads ; 
And Jesus on the etemtd throne for sinners intercedes. 

thou I by whom we come to Ood, the life, the tmtJt, the way; 
The path of prayer thyself hast trod — Lord, teach us how to pray 1 


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from Br. C. R. Kcdhing, at Gnadentkal, Simth Africa, ta Br. 

Sttffette fVueawf, at iJtie, Pa, 

GNADERTHii., Jnne 13, I8&3. 
Dear Br. Fmeauf , 

SeTenil w«eks ago I reoeiTed a donadoB from yon of $30, in a 
dnft npou br. Ikederer, which, aa br. Mallaliea writes, was chiefly 
«olleoted bv sr. Jnlianne Rice, being partly the proceeds of a &ir, 
got np by her unong acme of the pupils of the Boarding school, 
for mis^onary purposes. At the same time another draft fur $75 
for our missionaries at Shiloh oame to band, which has since been 
forwarded to br. Bonati. Already, fat an earlier date,) in Janu- 
ary, IB51, 1 had received a similar charitable gift of £16 (throng^ 
you) irom. Miss Elisabeth Daniels. At that time I requested, that 
our thanks might be presented to yoo, and to the donor, (whom 
we only know Dv name;) hut not learning whether this has been 
done, I now embrace the shorter and safer way, of addressing you 
peiBOnally, in order to express, through yon, our most cordial 
■cknowledgemento to sr. Rice and the other benef actresses, and to 
wish them the blessing of God. Of the first donation, about one- 
half has been disbursed for the benefit of those Fingoes, at Shiloh, 
that remained faithful, previous to their having received any sub- 
sidies from other quarters ; the other part has been used for the 
benefit of the poor at (jnadenthal, in order to provide coverlids and 
clothine, or provisions for the sick, many of whom with tears, 
invoked the blessing of God upon their unknown benefactors. This 
donation will be applied to umilar purposes, posdbly also for the 
benefit of our sohoolB. 

Whereas our brethren and sisters in North America interest 
themselves so deeply for the prosperity of our South African mis- 
uon, it is hut reasonable that I should repoi^ something conoeming 
the state of things here, I would that it were in my power briefly 
to select and report such matters of importance as you do not read 
in the Periodical Accounts, or in the German " MiaaionB-Blatt.'f 
You are, of course, aware of the termination of the Kaffir war. 


ums mm bi. o, m. jumnmo. 989 

. aia&tauies dsrixg their fligkt ; uid parUy, bore Iiad bo aWe In 
tbe inaanec&ia. Fifty me* lutd j<uned the xebels, inii|i^ of whom 
kave been ooad^ned to httrd Ubor for two ^eue. TiUir leadm'a- 
Rioa into Shiik>bj after their term has expired, vSl oooaeion per- 
plexing delibentioiia. S^ll we rejoice to find, that many now rue 
the stepi Ihej have taken, and no longer aseribe their miafortoneif 
to their teadten, but to themselves, in baring forsaken the Lord. 
We trust that Ooshen will be rebuilt, becaose we are ww fumiBhedl 
witi the Govemor'a written permission to that effect ; hut a§ it i» 
doubtial whether anj of the Pingoo triliv will be permitted to 
move to H&mre, it is therefore nncertaln whether that station will 
be recenmepoed. Enon ha» Buffered greatlj by the war, becanse 
the Zmr mountains in its vioiinty horded the KafBra desirable 
hiding places. At the couimeneenient of the war, the people of 
Enon lost all their cattle ; two men being killed at the time, the 
congregation fied, only br. and sr. Lehman and a few men remain- 
ing theie. During the second year, their gardens were frequenUy 
plundered, and owing to the erroneous suspicion of being in league 
with the insurgents, they were exposed to danger from the colonists. 
The Lord, however, put his arm around them and guarded their 
town, and now the whole flock is again gathered together. All our 
congregations in the colony are made up of villages of colored 
people, who partly derive their support from their gardens, and 
partly gain tiieir livelihood by serving, chiefly in the capacity of 
oow-herds antong the farmers, whereby they are absent from towa 
for a longer or snorter period. 

Since the emancipation in 1838, the greater part of the ra*- 
■omed slaves have moved to the miBsionary stations; cme-fourth, 
if not one-third of the population of Onadentbal is made upof them. 
This congregation contains a mixed population ; there are very 
few geuoine Hottentots found here any more, and scarcely six can 
be found who tpeak that language. The negroes from Mozam- 
biqoe and the easteiii coast of Africa are more numerous. The 
great mass, however, is composed of mingled laees, resulting from 
Uie blending of Hottesrtote with negroes, and of tiiese two with 
£Br(^)eaas; and of the latter,maiiy might panfor true Europeans. 
Tite faDKuage they speak is a corruption of the Dutch. 

Hie impression our people make upon viators, who interest 
themselves in their spiritiad condition and christian mode of life, 
difiera according to the stand-point which the inquirer takes; 
bat bUU probably no strai^r ever visited our establidimentg, who 
mm not oeligbted with the well cultivated gardens, lichly garnished 
wkb ftvit trees, and with the host of children' frequenting tJie 
■daools. Horeov^, let a man see the churches on the Lord's day 
fiUed with devout and decently clad worshippers, while remember' 
higfthat sixty years ago not a single Hottentot had ever heard the 
woid of Qoif and that.tbey were tWn noUung better thnnr aemp- 


460 Ksmev pboh> vr: o. v. KcetBiini. 

Wbarians dressed intheir carofta, i. e; » few sheep-skiis and &IE> 

■ apron^ and Burprise and gratitude must pervade 'hi b heart, at wit- 
iMBsing the results, b«th internal and external, prodnoed by the' 
preaohin^ of the 'W'Ofd'ofi-Qod-. True, he will ^lao find, on more 
minute investigation, dtaf staiiy remain at home, owing to their~ 
indolence and ituHfierence;: that there is ranch levity prevailiag 
among' the yffiiHs people, and thaC immorality, especially intemper-- 
anoe, wtnla preoominate, if ^nore opportunities were at hand to in- 
dulge iit'evit practdces;' and that many are hearers of the waid, hut 
D«t doers thereof; BtHI, wh^n we call to mind that similar scenes 

■ are witnessed almost in all other older Christian churches, we do 
not suSer ourselves to be discouraged by the state of things among 
us, but are rather thereby excited to greater diligence' in the dis- 
charge of our office, while prayir^ for a new effusion of the Spirit 
upon our people, in which we request you to join with us. 

There are no literal idolaters in the colony ; even the Kaffir 
tribes ore not such in faet, although they believe in witchcraft, and 
know nothing aboot God ; still baptisms of adult heathen continne 
t« happen in all our co&giegations, altho' their number is dimin- 
i<ihing. The most of thegt come to our stations, with no other- 
knowledge of religion thaw that there is a God in heaven ; and 
when we have to prepare as aged negro or a Hottentot, who haa 
grown grey in hia office of cowherd, for holy baptism, we can per- 
haps convince him that he h a ainner; but to make him so under- 
stand, that the Father sent his Son In love to our race, that the 
Son died for us, and that we must beliete iw him for tie remission ■ 
of sins, as that he shall be able to ^ve us a correct answer, is in 
many cases next to impossible. Y-et we frequently have occaMOn, 
in such instances, to perceive that t&e heart feels more than the 
untutored understanding ean comprehcBd, of the nnleamed lips can 
express. Here I must close. With my fel!o»4aboreM I eonnnend 
myself, aod the wort entrusted to our care, t»«he fervent prayers 
of our dear brethren and wsters in America. 

We wese greatly edified by readi^ the report of tlfe Ministeis'' 
Conferenoe held at Bethlehem in IS&li Would timt we could 
also prociue that of I8Si;» as weH as aMp7 "f Hfeekewelder'*- 
Histoiy of the Mission among the Indians for our library. 

BeseecWng yon to salute my acquaiotance in America, the bra- 
(icepp, Titee, Roepper, and L. lUibhel, as well as yonr>dear wife, !■ 
remain your affeotioD&te' brother, 


*'liba*«lnady,bfe«D tent to- him.— £•- 


Letter fivm Sr. A. M. Fett. 

Green Bat, Aug. 22, 1858. 
Dear ^. Seidel : 

Ho|riBg that it ma; intereat yott to hear some little pulioulars 
.of oar Snnda; School, I will attempt an accoont of the celebration 
we held Bome weeks since. First, however, allow me to offer you 
the first &mte Wc have Blithered from the school, — the enclosed 
dollar, — for the benefit of the Home Mission cause. Aa yon may 
suppose, we are but indifferently supplied with books, et«., and 
mi^t perhaps be justified in applying this for the good of the 
school. Feeling, however, that through the great goodness of God, 
much has been done for us, we joyfully, and with grateful hearts, 
send our mite, praying that it may not be despised ; for, though 
the sum is very small, it is surprising that ea much has been col- 
lected, if we, consider how poor most of these children are, how 
few in number, and how many difficulties we have to encounter, as 
well as obsta«le8 and prejo^ices to overcome, in order to draw these 
aato the eohool. 

Sunday afl«moon, July 24, all the children assembled in the 
church, 17 in number, where. they were briefly addressed, a state- 
ment of their attendance etc., was publicly read; and eleven re- 
ceived boohs as rewards ; the last caused sparkling eyes, and we 
trust, thankful hearts. The services were opened by their singing 
^e hymn, " Holy Bible, book diidne," etc, closing irith another 
adapted to the tune of Old Hundred. The following day a little 
feast was given them, some distance from our village, in one of the 
secluded recessee of our primitive forests, where a table and seats, 
also a see-saw, etc., were prepared by one of the parents; whither 
thOT walked in regular procession. Here they joined in singing, 
" ^aiae God from whom all blessings flow," el«., before partaking 
of the delicacies prepared for them. The paneats had all been in- 
vited, and a number of them inve evidence of the interest they 
felt, by personal attendance. Including the scholars, there were 
30 iwrsons present. After enjoying various amoscinents, before 
leaving the eronnd, they, at their own request, sang various hymns, 
which they had learned in Sunday School. They now sing fonr 
of our hymn-tunes very well. 

All returned home delighted, and we hope, renewedly encouraged 
to attend rwularly, and learn indnstrionsly. May the Lord bless 
our feeble ^orts, and shed bis Holy Spirit upon the teacher and 
the taught ! Br. Froeauf, while here, kindly interested himself in 
the school, devoted oKe morning to the children, giving encourage- 
ment and admonitian,and we hofie to effect. Bight of these seven- 
teen Bcholara are the children of Bomanist parents, and should 
thej agun be so unfcrtnnate as to have a priest of a character 
ttHular to ose who wis here some months ago, we would probohl/ 



low moA of Aem. The long t^d ievere innter also mteiially 
decreues the toamber. Beddea them points there are Baiii]>erleaB 
lundnmoee, trials and dUBcallies uiddeut to suoh a oatise, especMlly 
while in its iafsnc;. That it has been, to «•, the cante of many 
pnj6Ts aad t«ars, tok will readily bdieve; "we tamettiy oommend 
it, SB well as oarselTes, te jour piaverfxd remembraitoe. My dear 
hiubaad joins ne in lovetoytHirseffi^roorfuiiily, and themcanbei* 
«f the H. M. Board, with siaoere thanks for their long oontiBned 
sHpport. We wlU feel very happy when onee indepeadent of their 
treasury, feeling ourselves an imwilling tax npon it now. 

In the bonds of Christian love, I renudn your afeclitHtate sister^ 
A. M. Fbti. 

^u6«cnWMN« reeeivtd Jy Bev. Ch. F. Setdd. 
Mrs. Reigart, Lancaster, l&dS. 
Bev. Mr. Stratton for himself, and Mr. Mattsoa, 1858. 
M^. Crothets, 1662 aad 1S58. 
Joha Gerhart, 1854. 
Sm. E. L. IIazeU«s, 185a. 
Itobert Xumer, FMladelpbia, 1858. 
Joseph Hark, 18S2, ") 

Thomas CleweU, 1858, f- NasaretL 
WilUam Rauoh, 1868, ) 
J. Milton Smith, New Tork, 1868. 






bkreooidflWrebMBeonfiiMd tonuauaoiipt dicolation- ApoibBe 
jonnul, if properly oonducled, nuy g^ve ti»t'h««lth; excitemeat 
iriiicb u needed lo rouse the body firomiiti 'torpor, uid propel the 
life-blood through ita limba. It vs.; rwund lu of onr pnTiieges 
and reqMoabilideB ; point oat defeota and blemishes, tnd stiinnute 
to increased exettioK. It will sSbrd ui opporttmity for the re- 
n^oval of many a prejudioe and misapprebenuon which night 
otberwite rankle ana fester on, to tbe iDJmry not only of those wm 
cherish tbem, but of the whi^e body to vhich they beW^. 

As regards the Christian public, our miBsionary activity is almost 
all that4B known of as in this eoiwtry. If any cmioaty has been 
felt as to the root wheoee that activity sprung, and the pHociples 
by which it has been nurtured, the matenals for satisf^ne it have 
been bat scanty. Yet the prodactiveaeBS of our small cnioch in 
misaioaaiy seal, effort, and success, ie such as might well excite 
an interest in tbe phenomen<»i. The fact is undeniable that onr 
mifiaonaries, and the congregatioiiB which they have been enabled 
by God's blessing to gather round them, bear a mneh larger pro- 
portjon to oar lAole numerioal strength than is the ease in voj 
aAei Christian body. Tbe members of onr Church in lEunqw 
and the United States of America amount at most, children inclu- 
ded, to 17,600 souls; while && number of converts from heathen- 
ism under our care in 1852 exceeded 70,000, tended by 290 mis- 
uonaries. Of these 131 were asten ; hot dicy may :properly be 
included in the number, as they take an aofiTe share in the spint- 
lial charge of their own sex. This gives one misMonary for every 
sixty of our homo population. The proportion of missionaries 
from the British Province of our Unity is, we must confess, con- 
siderably lower, being scarcely one in one hundred and. fifty. Even 
this, however, will, we belieVe, be found no inconsiderable multiple 
iof the quota contributed by any other Christian chnrdi to the la- 
borers in the great harvest-field of the Gentiles. 

Besides this important .oonUitwti<Hi to the enlightenment of the 
|t^n world, we must likewise t^ke into account the large and 
ia1«resting field of usefuloess oecnpied l^ onr I>ia^ora societies, 
comprising the whole sweep c^ the European continent from France 
to Russia, and from ^Norway to Switzerland. The Russian provin- 
ces of Livonia and Esthonia pontain nearly three-fourths of the 
whole number of soiUs who thus enjoy the special ministratton of 
oar biethron and siatera, while communicating and atteoding as 
hearers at the pariah chnrohes of their several neighborhoods. In 
the aggregate, these societies eannot be estimated at leas than 
190,000 aouls. To' these may be added 18,400 souls, who arereg- 
alarly visited by our scri^mre readen in the north of Ireland^ 
oearly two-thir^ oi whom attend no plaoe of «(m4i!p, and are 
tfaarefore indebted foi ^at knowledge (^ the Gospel ^moet eo- 
tiielj to this «^ncy. O^r bcethren in the Usited Sutee ha,v^ 


fikewiee tbeir Hobq ]ifi»rien, direeteil to ^ apiritiul TnneSt ^ 
QiuMKHU emigranta wbo do aot etuid eren ia nominal ehnrch fel- 
lowship with an; body of ekristi&BB in 1^ land of Uieir adoption. 
-Our onapela moieoTer, eflperaally in this pronnce, are attended by 
ft UVge proportioiii of stated hearers who never actnalty join our 
body. Xor moat we omk to mention the moral uid religious cnl- 
4are imparted to the ehildr»i of parents belongine principally to 
other commnnioDB, by oar varions boarding schooh ; which nmn- 
Imed, last December, 281 pnpiU in thie proniice, and abant 1000 
m die Continent, besides liiase in ottr fonr American institulionB. 
If to those ve add the pnptls in onr da; and Sonda; schools, we 
have in this province a total of S806, chiefly young peojde not in 
our own coaneotion. 

Looking at this ruige of'' operations on tlie one hand, andat the 
inrignifioaut fraotion which our eongregations muster in Christian 
countries on the other, ws can scaroely regard the latter as anything 
more than the bare staff by which these evangelic SKenciei arc 
worked ; and the aspiration of Hoses might seem to l>e .realised 
before our eyes, " Would God that all Sic Lord's people were 
prophets, and tliat the Lord wouli put his Spirit upon them.!" 
^Numb s. 29.) A nearer surrey, it is true, will bring into sight 
much that qualitefl onr rejoicing, and humbles ns under a sense of 
great and grievous deficiencies. Tet the fact remains, that the 
least and feeblest of all organized churches is exerting an infiiiencc 
so beneficial in its temporal bearings, so incalculably blessed in.ibg 
«Terla8ting resnlb), over 200,000 souls. 

In ezploDation of this problem, we propose to give sketches of' 
tike Hubny of our church, both in its ancient form, which dates 
from the middle of the fifteenth centuir, and in its present resus- 
citated staee since 1782. A striking difierence will be perceived 
in the Bpint of tbe two periods. The one was of a severer . cast, 
braced in the school of adversity and persecution to the encounter 
with powerful foes, — the struggle for the martyr's palm ; the other 
-exhibits more of the spirit of love, more of the grateful and joyfu' 
leelings which belong to those who have emerged from the nighi 
of trial and tho house of bondage. The former savored more oi 
law ; the tatter more of liberty. B